CN1428203A - Vertable pulse vibration magnetic field magnetic separator - Google Patents

Vertable pulse vibration magnetic field magnetic separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1428203A
CN1428203A CN 02152149 CN02152149A CN1428203A CN 1428203 A CN1428203 A CN 1428203A CN 02152149 CN02152149 CN 02152149 CN 02152149 A CN02152149 A CN 02152149A CN 1428203 A CN1428203 A CN 1428203A
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China
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magnetic
cylindrical shell
field
mentioned
magnetic field
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CN 02152149
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CN1261225C (en
Inventor
向发柱
胡春晖
赵明
汤玉和
吴城材
郑承美
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Guangzhou Research Institute of Non Ferrous Metals
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Guangzhou Research Institute of Non Ferrous Metals
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Publication of CN1261225C publication Critical patent/CN1261225C/en
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Abstract

The vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator indudes cylindrical body, mineral feeding pipe, water feeding pipe, concentrate pipe, overflow tank body and excitation power supply, and is characterized by that on the external wall of lower portion of cylindrical body a magnetic field device for producing alternating magnetic field is set, it is connected with excitatino power supply for producing uniofrm alternating magnetic field passing through the cylindrical body. Said inventino adopts the vertical structure capable of producing alternating magnetic field to make magnetic separation, so that it effectively raise grade of separated concentrate and its recovery rate.

Description

A kind of vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to the magnetic separator that a kind of ore dressing is used, particularly a kind of vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator.
Background technology
The mechanical entrainment that causes because of magnetic coagulation in existing weak magnetic separation equipment is the not high main cause of ferromagnetism concentrate product quality.Strongly magnetic mineral selects factory's concentrate purification screening installation commonly used cartridge type low intensity magnetic separation machine to be arranged, magnetic force sloughing-off tank, magnetic accumulating machine and magnetic separation post.Drum magnetic separator generally adopts permanent magnet as magnetic to be, sloughing-off tank magnetic is turriform, and magnetic accumulating machine magnetic is that the multi-turn layer disperses shape, and the purpose of alteration of form is that the magnetic coagulation that produces when making ore particle be is necessarily disperseed through magnetic, reduce non magnetic mechanical entrainment, thereby improve the grade of concentrate.But because the magnetic field that these magnetic systems produce is stabilizing magnetic field, magnetic field gradient is still higher, and magnetic is that strongly magnetic mineral exists with bigger magnetic coagulation body in the magnetic field, and non magnetic being mingled with still can not get basic solution, and concentrate grade is difficult to increase substantially.Chinese patent ZL93228152.4 discloses a kind of " magnetic separation post ", it mainly adopts 6~8 magnetizing coil magnetic field alignment to be distributed on the cylinder, utilizes the cydariform power supply to add gate-controlled switch and passes to direct current and realize each coil magnetic field circular order break-make control is produced alternating magnetic field.There is excessive height, complex structure, the production cost height of equipment in this equipment, and if need further to purify, needs to realize more times reunion, dispersion, then needs more a plurality of coils, certainly exists the too high and problem of deficiency etc. in sorting space.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to solve above-mentioned existing problems, provide a kind of and can improve the magnetic concentrate grade effectively, solve the magnetic coagulation that produces when ore particle through magnetic is and problem that the non-magnetic particle that brings is mingled with, and vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator simple in structure, that production cost is low; On this basis, further purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of and significantly improves the magnetic concentrate rate of recovery, sorts the high magnetic separator of efficient; Meanwhile, the present invention more further purpose be to provide a kind of agitating device that in cylindrical shell, is provided with, effectively the intensified sorting effect, further improve magnetic concentrate grade, magnetic separator that efficient is high.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator, comprise cylindrical shell, mineral-feeding pipe, feed pipe, concentrate pipe, overflow tank body and field power supply, its characteristics are that the outer wall of described cylindrical shell bottom is provided with the magnetic field device that is used to produce alternating magnetic field, and itself and field power supply link and produce uniform unstable magnetic field through cylindrical shell.
In order to improve the magnetic concentrate rate of recovery and to sort efficient, reduce the loss of concentrate, the ferromagnetism particle that makes part enter overflow place produces tiny magnetic coagulation body, entering the branch constituency under the gravity effect is again sorted again, the neck outer wall of above-mentioned cylindrical shell also is provided with the auxiliary magnetic field device, and links with above-mentioned field power supply and to produce uniform unstable magnetic field through the cylindrical shell neck.
For producing magnetic field through cylindrical shell, above-mentioned magnetic field device and auxiliary magnetic field device are the solenoid magnet exciting coil, it comprises 1~5 cake coil, every cake coil turn is 20~120 circles, each cake coil is arranged distribution and being connected in parallel radially, and with above-mentioned field power supply connection, and above-mentioned magnetic field device is installed on the above-mentioned cylindrical shell lower cylindrical shape outer wall.
In order to make above-mentioned magnetic field device can produce alternating magnetic field through above-mentioned cylindrical shell, above-mentioned field power supply is an AC power, its frequency, electric current is adjustable, frequency is 0~120Hz, exciting current is 0~1000A, and above-mentioned field power supply is by the uniform unstable magnetic field of above-mentioned solenoid magnet exciting coil generation through cylindrical shell.
For further intensified sorting effect, with the tangential direction feedwater,, constantly destroy and clean the magnetic coagulation body for sorting provides the stirring shearing force, take away gangue and intergrowth, above-mentioned feed pipe is installed on the bottom of above-mentioned cylindrical shell, and with the tangent setting of the outer wall of cylindrical shell.
In order to make the present invention can be suitable for the big occasion of ore pulp treating capacity, for sorting provides powerful stirring shearing force, avoiding depending merely on tangential water supply point provides the bad problem of stirring shearing force separating effect to exist, be provided with agitating device in the above-mentioned cylindrical shell, it comprises the puddler of being with paddle, described puddler upper support is in bearing block, described bearing holder device is positioned on the gripper shoe on cylindrical shell top, make the water in the cylindrical shell in cylindrical shell, form current in the bigger rotation, constantly destroy and clean the magnetic coagulation body, thereby reach the intensified sorting effect, improve the purpose of concentrate grade.
The present invention is owing to adopt the structure that is provided with the alternating current generation alternating magnetic field magnetic separation that can regulate control on vertical cylindrical shell, the grade and the rate of recovery that the magnetic concentrate sorts have been improved effectively, and designs simplification is reasonable, production cost is low, efficient is high, solved that existing magnetic plant is not high to the concentrate sorting grade, the magnetic coagulation body is carried impurity secretly, the rate of recovery is low, the efficiency of separation is low, and adopted that a plurality of coil magnetic fields produce the existing complex structure of alternating magnetic fields, production cost height, the sorting space is too high and the problem of deficiency etc.Simultaneously, the present invention is owing to also adopt the structure that also is provided with auxiliary magnetic field at external wall of cylindrical body neck, the ferromagnetism particle that makes part enter overflow place produces tiny magnetic coagulation body, enters the branch constituency and obtain sorting again under the gravity effect, thereby further increase the rate of recovery of magnetic concentrate.Meanwhile,, make the present invention can be suitable for the big occasion of ore pulp treating capacity,, reach the intensified sorting effect, improve the purpose of concentrate grade for sorting provides powerful stirring shearing force owing to also in cylindrical shell, be provided with the structure of agitating device.Designs simplification of the present invention rationally, sort of high grade, the rate of recovery is high, efficient is high, can be widely used in separating of various ferromagnetism things and nonmagnetics or weak magnetic thing.
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another program of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes cylindrical shell 1, mineral-feeding pipe 2, feed pipe 3, concentrate pipe 4, overflow tank body 5 and field power supply 6, for the employing stabilizing magnetic field that solves existing magnetic separator as work magnetic field, the magnetic field gradient height, have that concentrate grade is not high, excessive height, complex structure, the high problem of production cost, the outer wall of described cylindrical shell 1 bottom is provided with a magnetic field device 7 that is used to produce alternating magnetic field, itself and field power supply 6 link and produce uniform unstable magnetic field through cylindrical shell 1, and this magnetic field device 7 is installed on the described cylindrical shell 1 lower cylindrical shape outer wall.Simultaneously, for having improved the magnetic concentrate rate of recovery and having sorted efficient, reduce the loss of concentrate, the ferromagnetism particle that makes part enter overflow place produces tiny magnetic coagulation body, entering the branch constituency under the gravity effect is again sorted again, the neck outer wall of described cylindrical shell 1 also is provided with auxiliary magnetic field device 8, and itself and described field power supply 6 link and produce uniform unstable magnetic field through the cylindrical shell neck.For producing magnetic field through cylindrical shell, described magnetic field device 7 and auxiliary magnetic field device 8 are the solenoid magnet exciting coil, and it comprises 1~5 cake coil, and every cake coil turn is 20~120 circles, each cake coil is arranged distribution and being connected in parallel radially, and connects with described field power supply 6.In order to make above-mentioned magnetic field device can produce alternating magnetic field through above-mentioned cylindrical shell, described field power supply 6 is an AC power, its frequency, electric current is adjustable, frequency is 0~120Hz, exciting current is 0~1000A, and described field power supply 6 is by the uniform unstable magnetic field of solenoid magnet exciting coil generation through cylindrical shell 1.For further intensified sorting effect, feed water with tangential direction, for sorting provides the stirring shearing force, constantly destroy and cleaning magnetic coagulation body, take away gangue and intergrowth, above-mentioned feed pipe 3 is installed on the bottom of above-mentioned cylindrical shell 1, and the tangent setting of outer wall of feed pipe 3 mouths of pipe and cylindrical shell 1, make the water that flows into cylindrical shell 1 in cylindrical shell 1, form vortex, constantly destroy and clean tiny magnetic coagulation body, thereby improve concentrate grade effectively.In order to help separating of ferromagnetism particle and non-magnetic particle; the end that described mineral-feeding pipe 2 is placed through in the cylindrical shell 1 is provided with the material guide port of falling the trumpet type 40; and above-mentioned cylindrical shell 1 inner bottom part is provided with the inner barrel 50 that is positioned at described material guide port 40 belows that matches and use with material guide port 40 accordingly; to reach the intensified sorting effect, do not influence separating to ferromagnetism particle and non-magnetic particle or weak magnetic-particle.Above-mentioned overflow tank body 5 is provided with the cylindrical body of at least one discharging opening 51 for its sidewall, and be installed in the outlet of cylindrical shell 1 top, and above-mentioned concentrate pipe 4 is arranged at above-mentioned cylindrical shell 1 bottom, for the ease of control concentrate pulp flow, also be provided with the control valve 60 that is used to control the concentrate pulp flow on the described concentrate pipe 4, and above-mentioned cylindrical shell is horn-type structure in two ends about in the of 1.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2, present embodiment comprises cylindrical shell 1, magnetic field device, mineral-feeding pipe 2, feed pipe 3, concentrate pipe 4, overflow tank body 5 and field power supply 6, in order to make the present invention can be suitable for the big occasion of ore pulp treating capacity, for sorting provides powerful stirring shearing force, avoiding depending merely on tangential water supply point provides the bad problem of stirring shearing force separating effect to exist, present embodiment is as different from Example 1: be provided with agitating device 9 in the described cylindrical shell 1, it comprises the puddler 91 of being with paddle 911, described puddler 91 upper support are in bearing block 10, described bearing block 10 devices are positioned on the gripper shoe 20 on cylindrical shell 1 top, and being installed between the paddle up and down 911 on the puddler 91 is to shift to install mutually, to strengthen separating of magnetic-particle and non-magnetic particle, rotate ascending current more by force in cylindrical shell 1, to form, reach and destroy the magnetic coagulation body, improve the grade of concentrate.In order to help separating of ferromagnetism particle and non-magnetic particle or weak magnetic-particle; described mineral-feeding pipe 2 is placed through in the cylindrical shell 1; and its end is provided with the deflector chute 30 of half arc; this deflector chute 30 half is wrapped in the sidewall of above-mentioned puddler 91, thereby replaces the material guide port of falling the trumpet type 40 that embodiment 1 is arranged at the inner barrel 50 of cylindrical shell 1 bottom and is arranged at inner barrel 50 tops.And described cylindrical shell 1 also is made up of upper shell 11 and lower shell 12, and wherein, described upper shell 11 is for being inverted tubaeform, and described lower shell 12 tops are cylinder, and its lower port is tubaeform closing in, and the butt joint of two cylindrical shells is together fixedly connected.
Implementation procedure of the present invention is such: by monomer ferromagnetism particle, the ore pulp that gangue and intergrowth constitute enters cylindrical shell through mineral-feeding pipe, the solenoid magnet exciting coil produces uniform unstable magnetic field under field power supply control, ferromagnetism particle in the ore pulp is at uniform unstable magnetic field, rotated the ascending current effect in the gravitational field, form little magnetic aggressiveness, and under the effect of alternating magnetic field, produce and reunite, loose alternation procedure, per second reaches tens of times, sedimentation limit, limit is subjected to rising to clean flow action, constantly get rid of gangue and intergrowth, thereby obtain purifying, gangue and intergrowth are discharged through overflow tank body under the ascending current effect, and high-grade concentrate is discharged from the concentrate pipe.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator, comprise cylindrical shell (1), mineral-feeding pipe (2), feed pipe (3), concentrate pipe (4), overflow tank body (5) and field power supply (6), the outer wall that it is characterized in that described cylindrical shell (1) bottom is provided with the magnetic field device (7) that is used to produce alternating magnetic field, and itself and field power supply (6) link and produce uniform unstable magnetic field through cylindrical shell (1).
2, according to the described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator of claim 1, the neck outer wall that it is characterized in that above-mentioned cylindrical shell (1) also is provided with auxiliary magnetic field device (8), and itself and above-mentioned field power supply (6) link and produce uniform unstable magnetic field through cylindrical shell (1) neck.
3, according to claim 1 or 2 described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separators, it is characterized in that above-mentioned magnetic field device (7) and auxiliary magnetic field device (8) are the solenoid magnet exciting coil, it comprises 1~5 cake coil, every cake coil turn is 20~120 circles, each cake coil is arranged distribution and being connected in parallel radially, and connects with above-mentioned field power supply (6).
4, according to the described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator of claim 3, it is characterized in that above-mentioned field power supply (6) is AC power, its frequency, electric current is adjustable, frequency is 0~120Hz, exciting current is 0~1000A, and above-mentioned field power supply (6) is by the uniform unstable magnetic field of above-mentioned solenoid magnet exciting coil generation through cylindrical shell (1).
5, according to the described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator of claim 1, it is characterized in that above-mentioned cylindrical shell (1) comprises upper shell (11) and lower shell (12), wherein said upper shell (11) is for being inverted tubaeform, described lower shell (12) top is cylinder, and its lower port is tubaeform closing in, and the butt joint of two cylindrical shells is together fixedly connected.
6, according to claim 1 or 2 or 5 described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separators, it is characterized in that above-mentioned feed pipe (3) is installed on the bottom of above-mentioned cylindrical shell (1), and with the tangent setting of outer wall of cylindrical shell (1).
7, according to claim 1 or 2 or 5 described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separators, it is characterized in that being provided with in the above-mentioned cylindrical shell (1) agitating device (9), it comprises the puddler (91) of band paddle (911), described puddler (91) upper support is in bearing block (10), and described bearing block (10) device is positioned on the gripper shoe (20) on cylindrical shell (1) top.
8, according to the described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separator of claim 7, it is characterized in that above-mentioned mineral-feeding pipe (2) is placed through in the cylindrical shell (1), and its end is provided with the deflector chute (30) of half arc, and this deflector chute (30) partly is wrapped in the sidewall of above-mentioned puddler (91).
9, according to claim 1 or 2 or 5 described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separators, it is characterized in that above-mentioned mineral-feeding pipe (2) is placed through in the cylindrical shell (1), its end is provided with the material guide port of falling the trumpet type (40), and above-mentioned cylindrical shell (1) inner bottom part is provided with the inner barrel (50) that is positioned at described material guide port (40) below that matches and use with material guide port (40) accordingly.
10,, it is characterized in that above-mentioned overflow tank body (5) is provided with the cylindrical body of at least one discharging opening (51) for its sidewall, and be installed in the outlet of cylindrical shell (1) top according to claim 1 or 2 or 5 described vertical impulse vibration magnetic-field magnetic separators.
CN 02152149 2002-12-05 2002-12-05 Vertable pulse vibration magnetic field magnetic separator Expired - Fee Related CN1261225C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02152149 CN1261225C (en) 2002-12-05 2002-12-05 Vertable pulse vibration magnetic field magnetic separator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02152149 CN1261225C (en) 2002-12-05 2002-12-05 Vertable pulse vibration magnetic field magnetic separator

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CN1261225C CN1261225C (en) 2006-06-28

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102614981A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-01 邹建明 Vertical magnetic separation method and vertical magnetic separation device
CN101708484B (en) * 2008-10-28 2012-08-29 维克托·洛雷罗·多斯桑托斯 Magnetic mechanical device, method for separating dust particles, system and method for recycling metal components
CN102794229A (en) * 2012-08-28 2012-11-28 河北联合大学 Vertical stirring concentrator
CN105199803A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 南京中电节能有限公司 Method for desulphurization of high-sulfur-content coal powder in thermal power plant
CN105289842A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-02-03 辽宁科技大学 Large column type magnetic separator of internal magnetic system
CN105597929A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-25 沈阳隆基电磁科技股份有限公司 Full-automatic magnetic levitation separator
CN107649287A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-02 沈阳隆基电磁科技股份有限公司 A kind of micro-fluidic refiner of magnetic and its complete preparation equipment
CN109277189A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-01-29 山东科力华电磁设备有限公司 Electromagnetic eddy sorting machine
CN109746117A (en) * 2019-03-15 2019-05-14 山东华特磁电科技股份有限公司 Low-frequency ac electromagnetism wash mill
WO2020186596A1 (en) * 2019-03-15 2020-09-24 山东华特磁电科技股份有限公司 Low-frequency alternating-current electromagnetic elutriating machine

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101708484B (en) * 2008-10-28 2012-08-29 维克托·洛雷罗·多斯桑托斯 Magnetic mechanical device, method for separating dust particles, system and method for recycling metal components
CN102614981A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-01 邹建明 Vertical magnetic separation method and vertical magnetic separation device
CN102794229A (en) * 2012-08-28 2012-11-28 河北联合大学 Vertical stirring concentrator
CN105199803A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-30 南京中电节能有限公司 Method for desulphurization of high-sulfur-content coal powder in thermal power plant
CN105289842A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-02-03 辽宁科技大学 Large column type magnetic separator of internal magnetic system
CN105597929A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-25 沈阳隆基电磁科技股份有限公司 Full-automatic magnetic levitation separator
CN107649287A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-02 沈阳隆基电磁科技股份有限公司 A kind of micro-fluidic refiner of magnetic and its complete preparation equipment
CN107649287B (en) * 2017-11-03 2024-04-02 沈阳隆基电磁科技股份有限公司 Magnetic micro-fluidic concentrator and complete mineral processing equipment thereof
CN109277189A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-01-29 山东科力华电磁设备有限公司 Electromagnetic eddy sorting machine
CN109746117A (en) * 2019-03-15 2019-05-14 山东华特磁电科技股份有限公司 Low-frequency ac electromagnetism wash mill
WO2020186596A1 (en) * 2019-03-15 2020-09-24 山东华特磁电科技股份有限公司 Low-frequency alternating-current electromagnetic elutriating machine

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