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Car carried medical digital X-ray unit

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Publication number
CN1315435C
CN1315435C CN 200410070739 CN200410070739A CN1315435C CN 1315435 C CN1315435 C CN 1315435C CN 200410070739 CN200410070739 CN 200410070739 CN 200410070739 A CN200410070739 A CN 200410070739A CN 1315435 C CN1315435 C CN 1315435C
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car
carried
unit
medical
digital
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CN 200410070739
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1586400A (en )
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于红林
蒋学祥
戴建平
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于红林
蒋学祥
戴建平
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种车载医用数字化X射线机,包括探测器、X射线球管、与X射线球管配套的准直器和对位升降机构,所述探测器安装在探测器滑动架上,所述X射线球管和准直器安装在光源滑动架上,所述对位升降机构采用带传动机构,其传动带横向设置在车厢上部,并在车厢两侧垂直向下延伸,所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架分别连接在车厢两侧的对位升降机构的同向传动带上,所述探测器可以通过探测器平移机构连接所述探测器滑动架,并通过摆杆机构带动准直器的准直板随之移动。 The present invention relates to an in-vehicle digital medical X-ray machine, comprising a detector, an X-ray tube, and supporting the X-ray tube and collimator position of lifting mechanism, the probe carriage is mounted on the probe, the said X-ray tube and a collimator mounted on the carriage the light source, the position of the belt-drive mechanism elevating mechanism drive belt laterally arranged in the upper compartment, and extends downwardly in the vertical sides of the compartment, said detector slide and a light source holder carriage are respectively connected to the same position on both sides of the lifting means to drive the carriage belt, the detector may be connected to the detector by the detector carriage translation mechanism, and drives the collimator by pendulum mechanism collimating plate moves with it. 本发明允许被检测者从两个车门上下车,有效地提高了工作效率,还可以安装在车厢地面的车轮突起处,有利于采用低成本的车辆。 The present invention allows the person to be detected from the two doors off, effectively improve the work efficiency, may also be mounted in the carriage protrusion ground wheels, the vehicle is conducive to low-cost.

Description

车载医用数字化X射线机 Car medical digital X-ray machine

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种医疗设备,具体地讲是一种车载医用数字化X射线机。 The present invention relates to a medical device, in particular a vehicle for medical digital X-ray machine.

背景技术 Background technique

现有车载医用数字化X射线机是直接将普通医用数字化X射线机安装在车厢内,这种普通医用数字化X射线机设有立柱和承重横梁,其探测器和X射线球管(也可以包括与X射线球管配套的准直器)分别安装在承重横梁两端的同一侧,立柱固定在地面上,同承重横梁的中部移动连接,通过承重横梁的上下移动调整检测部位的高低。 Vehicle prior medical digital X-ray machine is a direct digital ordinary medical X-Ray machine in the cabin, such a conventional medical X-ray machine has a digital load bearing columns and beams, which detector and X-ray tube (which may also include X-ray tube supporting the collimator) are mounted on the same side of both ends of the load-bearing beams, columns fixed on the ground, with the central load-bearing beam is connected to the mobile, adjusting the level of the detection portion by the vertical movement of the load-bearing beams. 这种将普通医用数字化X射线机直接安装到车厢内的缺陷是:承重横梁横置在车厢内,同立柱一起将车厢通道堵住,被检测者只能从位于承重横梁一侧的同一个车门上下车,上下车花费的时间较多,影响工作效率,另外对于低底盘的车辆,由于车后轮造成车厢内两侧地面向上突起,妨碍X射线机的整机安装,实践中只能选用较宽的车辆,或者选用高底盘的专用车辆,提高了车辆成本。 Such ordinary medical digital X-ray machine is mounted directly to the vehicle interior defects are: load beam transversely in the compartment, the compartment along with the column channel blocked, can only be detected with a load-bearing side of the door beam is located from on and off, on and off the time it takes more affect efficiency, the other for low-floor vehicles, since the rear wheels caused by protruding upward on both sides of the cabin floor, the whole installation interfere with the X-ray machine, in practice only use more wide vehicle, or a selection of high specific vehicle chassis, increase in vehicle cost.

发明内容 SUMMARY

为克服现有技术的上述缺陷,本发明提供了一种车载医用数字化X射线机,这种车载医用数字化X射线机允许被检测者从两个车门上下车,并且可以安装在两侧地面带有突起的车厢内。 To overcome the above disadvantages of the prior art, the present invention provides a vehicle-mounted medical digital X-ray machine, this car medical digital X-ray machine from a test subject is allowed to get off the two doors, and can be mounted on both sides with a ground cabin projections.

本发明实现上述目的的技术方案是:一种车载医用数字化X射线机,包括探测器和X射线球管,还包括对位升降机构,所述探测器安装在探测器滑动架上,所述X射线球管安装在光源滑动架上,所述对位升降机构设有在车厢两侧上下移动的传动件,所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架分别连接在位于车厢两侧的对位升降机构传动件上,所述对位升降机构采用带、链或丝传动机构,其传动带、链或丝横向设置在车厢上部,并在车厢两侧垂直向下延伸,所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架分别连接在车厢两侧的对位升降机构的同向传动带、链或丝上,所述传动带、链或丝的各转角处分别设有相应的导向轮,其中位于车厢一侧的传动带竖直段下端的导向轮连接有驱动电机,各导向轮的轴分别安装在各自的轴座上,所述各轴座分别固定连接在相应部位的车厢厢壁上。 The present invention achieves the above object technical solution: an on-board medical digital X-ray machine comprising an X-ray tube and the detector, further comprising a lifting mechanism to position the detector probe mounted on carriage, the X ray tube light source mounted on the carriage, said drive member is provided to move the upper and lower sides of the carriage lifting mechanism position, the detector carriage and the light source are connected to the carriage lifting mechanism in position on both sides of the cabin the drive member, the position of the lift mechanism using belts, chains or wire transmission, which drive belt, chain or wire is provided at an upper lateral compartment, and extends vertically downward at both sides of the cabin, the detector and the light source sliding carriage are connected to the same frame position of the lifting mechanism on both sides of the carriage drive belt, chain or wire, each corner of the drive belt, chain or wire are provided corresponding to the guide wheels, wherein the belt is located on one side of the vertical carriage the lower end section of the guide wheels connected to the driving motor, the axis of each guide wheels are mounted on respective shafts seat, each of said axle seat cabin compartment are fixedly connected to the corresponding parts of the walls.

所述X射线球管可以设有准直器,所述准直器前端可以设有可以平行移动的准直板,所述探测器可以通过探测器平移机构连接所述探测器滑动架,所述车厢上部可以设有横向摆杆,车厢两侧可以分别设有各自的竖杆,所述各竖杆的上端分别同所述摆杆沿摆杆方向移动连接,下端分别连接位于车厢同侧的所述探测器或所述准直器前端设置的准直板,所述摆杆位于X射线球管上方的一端设有竖向转轴,所述竖向转轴同所述车厢厢壁转动连接。 The X-ray tube can be provided with a collimator, the collimator may be provided with a front end can be moved parallel collimator plates, the detector may be connected to the detector by the detector carriage translation mechanism, said carriage can be provided with an upper lateral pivot lever, on both sides of the compartment may be provided with a respective vertical bar respectively, the upper end of each vertical bar are the same pendulum swing in the direction connecting rod, located at the lower end are connected to the same side of the cabin or the detector collimator collimating plate provided at the tip of the swing lever is located above the end of the X-ray tube is provided with a vertical shaft, with said vertical shaft rotatably connected to said car compartment wall.

本发明的工作原理是:启动对位升降机构后,对位升降机构的传动带带动探测器滑动架和光源滑动架同步升降,以调节检测高度和检测部位,适应不同被检测者的检测要求;启动探测器的平移机构,探测器平移机构带动探测器平移,同时与探测器固定连接的竖杆随之平移,带动摆杆摆动,摆杆带动与准直板连接的竖杆平移,进而带动准直板随探测器移动,X射线球管发出的光穿过准直板上的狭缝,始终射向探测器,由此实现X射线扫描。 Working principle of the invention is to: initiate posterior elevating mechanism for the belt drive detector carriage and light source carriage position lift mechanism synchronized movements, in order to adjust the detection height and the detection site, to adapt to different detected required test subject; Start translation mechanism of the detector, translating the detector probe driven translation mechanism, while translating the probe along the vertical rod fixedly connected to drive the pendulum swing, the pendulum drive the translating vertical bar and connected to the alignment plate, thereby bringing the alignment plate with movement detector, the light emitted through the X-ray tube of the slit collimation plates, always directed to the detector, thereby enabling X-ray scanning.

本发明的有益效果是:由于将X射线机分为主要包括探测器和主要包括X射线球管两部分,两部分通过对位升降机构和摆杆机构连接,方便地实现了两部分中相应构件或装置在定位和扫描过程中的联动,同时还消除了妨碍在车厢中穿行的承重横梁和立柱,使被检测者可以分别通过两个车门上下车,在排队检测的时候,后一个被检测者可以在前一个被检测者下车的同时从另一个车门上车,由此节省50%的上下车时间,有效地提高了总体的工作效率;另外在这种结构下,无论车厢两侧是否有突起,相应的对位升降机构和其他构件都可以顺利安装,消除了车后轮引起的车厢地面两侧突起对X射线机安装的妨碍,使采用宽度较小的低底盘车辆成为可能,有利于采用低成本的车辆。 Advantageous effects of the present invention is that: since the machine is divided into the X-ray detector includes X-ray and mainly comprises two pipe portions, the two parts are connected by a lifting mechanism and the position of the lever mechanism, conveniently implemented in two parts corresponding member and scanning or positioning linkage process, while also eliminating the load-bearing beams and columns in the vehicle compartment obstruct walking, so that can be detected by the two doors off, respectively, detected in the queue when, after a person is detected It may be off the front of a test subject simultaneously from the other car door, thereby saving 50% of the time on and off, effectively improve overall efficiency; Also in this configuration, regardless of whether there is on both sides of the compartment projections, the corresponding bit of the other member and the elevating mechanism can be installed smoothly, eliminating the prejudice compartment rear wheels on both sides of the ground caused by the projection of the X-ray installation, so that a smaller width of the lower chassis of the vehicle becomes possible, beneficial low-cost vehicles.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的主视结构示意图;图2是本发明涉及探测器和准直器部分的俯视结构示意图。 FIG. 1 is a front view showing the structure of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the present invention relates to a detector and a top portion of the structure of the collimator.

具体实施方式 detailed description

参见图1和图2,本发明提供的车载医用数字化X射线机包括探测器2、X射线球管5、与X射线球管配套的准直器4和对位升降机构,所述探测器2安装在探测器滑动架13上,所述X射线球管5和准直器4安装在光源滑动架6上,所述对位升降机构采用带传动机构,其传动带7横向设置在车厢上部,并在车厢两侧垂直向下延伸,所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6分别连接在车厢两侧的对位升降机构的同向传动带7.1、7.2上。 Referring to FIG 1 comprises a detector 2, the X-ray tube 5, and supporting the X-ray tube 4 and the collimator, the detector alignment lift mechanism 2 and Figure 2, the onboard medical digital X-ray machine of the present invention provides the detector mounted on the carriage 13, the X-ray tube 4 and the collimator 5 is mounted in the carriage 6 on the light source, the belt-drive mechanism to position the lifting mechanism, which drive belt 7 is provided at an upper lateral compartment, and vertically downwardly extending on both sides of the compartment, said detector carriage 13 and the light source are connected to the carriage 6 in the same position on both sides of the lifting mechanism of the belt on the carriage 7.1, 7.2.

所述对位升降机构传动带的各转角处分别设有相应的导向轮9,其中位于车厢一侧的传动带竖直段下端的导向轮连接有驱动电机3,形成对位升降机构的主动轮,各导向轮9的轴分别安装在各自的轴座8上,所述各轴座8分别固定连接在相应部位的车厢厢壁11上,其中车厢两侧下端的轴座可以分别位于车厢地面突起的部位,这样就可以有效地利用车厢地面突起部位上方的空间,由此消除低底盘车辆车轮1对X射线机安装的影响,只要车厢宽度符合X射线机的宽度要求,不论车厢地面两侧是否有突起,都可以安装这种X射线机。 The bit for each corner of the lifting mechanism are respectively provided with a respective belt guide wheels 9, wherein the lower end is located at a cabin-side vertical section of the guide belt wheel driving motor 3 are connected to form a driving wheel alignment lifting mechanism, each axis guide wheels 9 are mounted on the respective axle seat 8, the seat 8 are respectively fixed to the shafts connected to the corresponding parts of the cabin compartment wall 11, wherein the lower end of the axle seat portion of the cabin may be located on both sides of the cabin floor projections respectively so that it can effectively utilize the space above the projection portion of the cabin floor, thereby eliminating the effect of low chassis of the vehicle wheel 1 is mounted in the X-ray machine, as long as the width of the compartment in line with the X-ray machine width requirements, regardless of whether both sides of the cabin floor with a projection , which can be installed X-ray machine.

由于对位升降机构的传动带7是环行封闭的,在车厢上部和任意一侧的传动带都有两个方向,所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6应分别固定在车厢两侧同一方向的传动带7.1、7.2上,这样启动对位升降机构主动轮的电机3,就可以带动探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6上下同步移动。 Since the position of the drive belt mechanism 7 lifting ring is closed, and on either side of the superstructure drive belt has two directions, the detector carriage 13 and the carriage 6 should be light in the same direction are fixed to both sides of the compartment 7.1, 7.2, drive belt, so that the alignment start capstan motor lift mechanism 3, the carriage can be driven by the detector and the light source 13 of the carriage 6 moves up and down simultaneously.

所述对位升降机构也可以是链或丝传动机构、或者采用有线或无线电控制的同步运动的两台升降机或两套竖向传动机构(带传动机构、链条传动机构、螺杆传动机构、齿轮齿条传动机构等等)、或者由同一电机通过齿轮传动方式同步驱动的两套竖向传动机构,或者采用其他任意可以带动X射线球管和探测器同步升降的适宜机构,当采用链或丝传动机构时,这些转动机构的分布方式可以同上述带传动机构的分布方式相同。 The alignment mechanism may be a lifting chain or wire drive mechanism, or using a wired or radio-controlled synchronous movement of the two sets of vertical lift or drive mechanism (belt drive, chain drive, spindle drive, the gear teeth Article transmission, etc.), or by the same two sets of vertical transmission mechanism by a motor gear driven in synchronization, or using any other suitable mechanism can be driven by the X-ray tube and the detector synchronized movements when using wire or chain drive mechanism, the rotation mechanism in a distributed fashion these may be the same distribution the same manner as the above-described belt transmission mechanism.

所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6可以设有各自对应的移动导轨或类似装置,以保证上下移动的平稳,避免发生摇摆和振动,所述导轨或类似装置均可以采用现有技术。 The detector carriage 13 and the carriage 6 may be provided with a light source corresponding to each shift rail or the like, in order to ensure smooth vertical movement, to avoid vibration and rocking the guide rail or the like can be employed prior art.

所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6的导轨可以是分别位于各滑动架13、6两侧的两个导向杆,所述导向杆上可以设有竖向滑槽,所述各滑动架13、6上可以设有分别与各对应竖向滑槽配合的竖向滑块,由此限定各滑动架13、6只能沿竖向滑槽方向上下移动。 The detector carriage 13 and light guide carriage 6 may be located on both sides of the two guide rods of each carriage 13.6, the guide rod may be provided with a vertical chute, each of said carriage can be provided on a vertical slider 13,6 respectively engaged with each corresponding vertical chutes, thereby defining the respective carriage can move up and down in the vertical 13,6 chute direction.

所述探测器滑动架13和光源滑动架6的导轨也可以是分别位于各滑动架13、6两侧的两个滑柱,所述各滑动架13、6上可以设有分别与对应滑柱配套的滑孔,所述滑孔套在对应的滑柱上,由此同样可以限定各滑动架13、6只能沿滑柱方向上下移动。 The detector carriage 13 guides the carriage and the light source 6 may be located in two spool respective sides of the carriage 13, 6, it can be provided respectively corresponding to each of the spool carriage 13,6 supporting the slide hole, a slide hole corresponding strut in the sleeve, whereby each carriage can likewise be defined only move up and down in 13,6 spool direction.

所述探测器2可以通过探测器平移机构14连接所述探测器滑动架13,所述探测器平移机构14可以采用带传动机构,并配有探测器平移电机15,所述探测器2固定在所述探测器平移机构的传动带上,并设有相应的移动导轨或类似装置,所述探测器的导轨或类似装置可以采用现有技术。 The probe 2 may be connected by the detector mechanism 14 translating the detector carriage 13, the detector 14 may be employed with a translation mechanism drive means, and with a translation motor detector 15, the detector 2 is fixed the translation mechanism of the probe drive belt, and provided with a corresponding movement of the guide rail or the like, the detector guide rail or the like may be employed prior art.

所述探测器滑动架13内上下两侧可以设置滑槽,所述探测器2上下两侧设有对应的滑块,所述滑块插在所述滑槽中并同所述滑槽间隙配合,由此限定探测器的移动轨迹。 The detector carriage 13 may be provided both above and below the chute, the probe 2 is provided with upper and lower sides corresponding to a slider inserted in said chute and cooperate with the sliding gap , thereby defining the detector trajectories. 当所述滑槽为直槽时,探测器的移动为直线移动,当所述滑槽呈曲线状时,探测器的移动为曲线移动,该曲线通常为圆弧线,其圆心位于所述X射线球管5的中心线上。 When the chute is a straight groove, the motion detector is a linear movement, when the sliding surface is curved, the curve of the motion detector is moving, the curve is generally an arc line with a center located on the X 5-ray tube of the center line.

所述车厢上部可以设有横向摆杆10,车厢两侧可以分别设有各自的竖杆10.1、10.2,所述各竖杆10.1、10.2的上端分别同所述摆杆10移动连接,下端分别连接位于车厢同侧的所述探测器13或所述准直器前端设置的准直板16,所述摆杆10位于所述X射线球管上方的一端可以设有竖向摆杆转轴10.3,所述摆杆转轴10.3同所述车厢的厢壁11转动连接,所述摆杆转轴10.3同所述车厢厢壁11的转动连接方式可以是通过轴承连接,也可以是直接插在车厢厢壁和相应连接件的轴孔中。 The upper compartment may be provided with a lower end of the transverse swing link 10, the compartment may be provided on both sides of the respective vertical bar respectively, 10.1, 10.2, 10.1, 10.2, the upper end of the vertical bar, respectively, each of the swing rod 10 moves with the connector, are connected the probe is located on the same side of the carriage 13 or the collimator plates of the collimator 16 provided at the tip of the swing lever 10 located at one end of the X-ray tube can be provided vertically above the rocker pivot 10.3, the rocker pivot with the carriage 10.3 is connected to the car wall 11 is rotated, the shaft 10.3 is rotatably connected with the manner of the cabin compartment wall 11 through a bearing pivot lever may be connected, it may be inserted directly in the car compartment wall and the respective connection the shaft hole member.

所述探测器2一侧的摆杆10下面可以设有摆杆托架12,以便支撑摆杆10,位于所述摆杆托架12上面的摆杆10可以设有滚轮或起滚轮作用的轴承,以便减少同摆杆托架12之间的摩擦。 The probe 2 side pendulum swing link 10 may be provided below the carriage 12 for supporting the swing lever 10, located above the pivot lever 12 pivot lever bracket 10 may be provided with rollers or bearings from roller acting in order to reduce the friction between the same swing lever bracket 12.

所述准直板16可以同所述准直器4的主体部分移动连接,所述准直器主体部分上可以设有限定准直板16移动轨迹的轨道,所述准直板16的中部可以设有竖向狭缝,从X射线球管5发出的X射线穿过这个狭缝射出,形成竖条状光束,当准直板16水平移动时,射出X光束也随之改变出射位置和方向,由此进行X射线扫描。 The collimator plate 16 may be connected with the movement of the body portion 4 of the collimator, the registration can be provided with a collimating plate 16 define a movement locus of the straight portion of the rail body, the quasi-central vertical bar 16 may be provided the slit, the X-ray emitted from the X-ray tube 5 passes through the exit slit, light vertical stripe is formed, when the alignment plate 16 is moved horizontally emitted X-ray beam is also changed orientation and position of the exit, thereby X-ray scanning. 由于准直板16的移动是由探测器2带动的被动移动,通过摆杆转轴10.3位置的选择,可以控制准直板16的移动幅度,以便使准直板的移动同探测器的移动相匹配,即使X射线始终恰好射在探测器2的接受元件上。 Since the mobile alignment plate 16 is driven by a passive movement detector 2 by selecting the position of the rocker pivot 10.3, range of movement can be controlled alignment plate 16 so that the movement of the movable alignment plate with the probe matches, even if X always exactly rays incident on the detector element 2 is acceptable.

所谓轨道指一切可以限定相对运动的两部分运动轨迹的结构或零部件,该限定使两部分的相对运动只有一个自由度,这种轨道通常可以采用现有技术。 Refers to all the so-called orbital trajectory can define a relative movement of two parts of a structure or component, defining the relative movement of the two parts is only one degree of freedom, which can usually be employed prior art track.

Claims (9)

1.一种车载医用数字化X射线机,包括探测器和X射线球管,还包括对位升降机构,所述探测器安装在探测器滑动架上,所述X射线球管安装在光源滑动架上,所述对位升降机构设有在车厢两侧上下移动的传动件,所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架分别连接在位于车厢两侧的对位升降机构传动件上,其特征在于:所述对位升降机构采用传动带、链或丝传动件,其传动带、链或丝横向设置在车厢上部,并在车厢两侧垂直向下延伸,所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架分别连接在车厢两侧的对位升降机构传动件的同向传动带、链或丝上,所述传动带、链或丝的各转角处分别设有相应的导向轮,其中位于车厢一侧的传动带、链或丝竖直段下端的导向轮连接有驱动电机,各导向轮的轴分别安装在各自的轴座上,所述各轴座分别固定连接在相应部位的车厢厢壁上。 1. A vehicle-mounted medical digital X-ray machine comprising an X-ray tube and the detector, further comprising a lifting mechanism to position the detector is mounted on carriage detector, the X-ray tube is mounted on a carriage source on both sides of the transmission element provided on a vertically movable carriage to position the lifting mechanism, the probe carriage and the light source are connected to the carriage lifting mechanism to position the drive member located on both sides of the passenger compartment, wherein: the lift mechanism using alignment belt, chain or wire transmission element, which belt, chain or wire is provided at an upper lateral compartment and extending downwardly on both sides of the vertical carriage, said carriage detector and the light source are connected to the carriage alignment with the lift mechanism of the transmission member on both sides of the carriage drive belt, chain or wire, each corner of the drive belt, chain or wire are provided with a respective guide wheel, which is located in a cabin-side belt, chain or wire the lower end of the vertical section of the guide wheels connected to a driving motor, the shaft of each guide wheels are mounted on respective shafts seat, each of said axle seat cabin compartment are fixedly connected to the corresponding parts of the walls.
2.如权利要求1所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于位于车厢两侧下端的所述导向轮轴座分别位于车厢地面突起的部位。 2. The vehicle-mounted medical digital X-ray machine according to claim 1, characterized in that on both sides of the lower end of the carriage guide shaft seats are located in the portion of the cabin floor projection.
3.如权利要求1或2所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架设有各自对应的移动导轨。 Car medical digital X-ray machine or claim 12, wherein the light source and the detector carriage slidably bridged respective corresponding moving rail.
4.如权利要求3所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架的导轨是分别位于各滑动架两侧的两个导向杆,所述导向杆上设有竖向滑槽,所述各滑动架上设有分别与各对应竖向滑槽配合的竖向滑块。 4. The vehicle-mounted medical digital X-ray machine according to claim 3, wherein said detector carriage and guide carriage is a light source located two guide rods on both sides of the sliding frame, said guide rod with a vertical slide, the carriage is provided with respective vertical slider are engaged with each corresponding vertical chutes.
5.如权利要求3所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于所述探测器滑动架和光源滑动架的导轨是分别位于各滑动架两侧的两个滑柱,所述各滑动架上设有分别与对应滑柱配套的滑孔,所述滑孔套在对应的滑柱上。 5. The vehicle as claimed in medical digital X-ray machine according to claim 3, wherein each of the carriage, characterized in that the probe carriage guide carriage and the light source is located on both sides of each slide two spool rack, It is provided with corresponding supporting the spool slide hole, a slide hole in the sleeve corresponding strut.
6.如权利要求1或2所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于所述探测器通过探测器平移机构连接所述探测器滑动架,所述探测器平移机构采用带传动机构,并配有探测器平移电机,所述探测器固定在所述探测器平移机构的传动带上。 6. The vehicle-mounted medical digital X-ray machine of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the detector probe is connected to the carriage translation mechanism by the detector, the detector translation mechanism using the belt drive, and translation motor with a detector, the detector is fixed to the translation mechanism of the probe drive belt.
7.如权利要求6所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于所述探测器滑动架内上下两侧设置滑槽,所述探测器上下两侧设置对应的滑块,所述滑块插在所述滑槽中并同所述滑槽间隙配合,所述滑槽为直槽或者呈曲线状,该曲线为圆弧线,其圆心位于所述X射线球管的中心线上。 7. A vehicle as claimed in medical digital X-ray machine according to the detector 6 provided corresponding to upper and lower sides of the slider, characterized in that the upper and lower sides of the chute is provided within the probe carriage, said slider inserted in the chute and the chute with a clearance fit, the chute is a straight groove or a curved shape, the curved line is an arc with a center on the center line of the X-ray tube.
8.如权利要求6所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于所述X射线球管设有准直器,所述准直器前端设有可平行移动的准直板,所述车厢上部设有横向摆杆,车厢两侧分别设有各自的竖杆,所述各竖杆的上端分别同所述摆杆移动连接,其中一根竖杆下端连接所述探测器,另一根竖杆下端连接所述准直器前端的准直板,所述摆杆位于所述X射线球管上方的一端设有竖向摆杆转轴,所述摆杆转轴同所述车厢的厢壁转动连接,近所述探测器一侧的摆杆下面设有摆杆托架,位于所述摆杆托架上面的摆杆上设有滚轮或起滚轮作用的轴承。 8. The vehicle-mounted medical digital X-ray machine according to claim 6, wherein said X-ray tube with collimator, the collimator is provided with a movable distal end parallel collimator plates, said upper compartment a transverse pivot lever, on both sides of the compartment are respectively provided with respective vertical bar, the upper end of each vertical bar are respectively connected with the wobble movement, wherein the lower end of a vertical rod connected to the probe, the other vertical bar connecting the lower end of the collimator plate collimator front end, said one end of said balance bar is located above the X-ray tube is provided with a vertical rocker pivot, said rocker pivot with rotation of the compartment wall connection compartment, near the detector side rocker pendulum is provided below the carrier, the carrier is located above the roller lever provided with rollers or roller from the bearing action of the pendulum.
9.如权利要求8所述的车载医用数字化X射线机,其特征在于所述准直板同所述准直器的主体部分移动连接,所述准直器主体部分上设有限定准直板移动轨迹的轨道,所述准直板的中部设有竖向狭缝。 9. The vehicle-mounted medical digital X-ray machine according to claim 8, wherein said collimator plate with said body portion collimator mobile connection with the quasi-straight trajectories defined quasi straight body portion track, the alignment plate is provided with a vertical slit in the middle.
CN 200410070739 2004-07-23 2004-07-23 Car carried medical digital X-ray unit CN1315435C (en)

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