CN1309215A - Building system using combined structure of netted (struss) frame and concrete and composite plates - Google Patents

Building system using combined structure of netted (struss) frame and concrete and composite plates Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1309215A
CN1309215A CN 01107858 CN01107858A CN1309215A CN 1309215 A CN1309215 A CN 1309215A CN 01107858 CN01107858 CN 01107858 CN 01107858 A CN01107858 A CN 01107858A CN 1309215 A CN1309215 A CN 1309215A
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plate
concrete
net
purlin
wall
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CN 01107858
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CN1123668C (en
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王士风
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王士风
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Abstract

A building system using composite netted frame (struss)-concrete plates features that the small diameter reinforcing bars are used to make low-height sandwich netted frame (struss), which is then combined with concrete slab to form composite sandwich plate, and said composite plate is used to build up the box-type structure with shear concrete walls. Its advantages are clear bearing direction, high bearing power, low dead weight, saving raw material and low cost.

Description

Net (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure composite plate building system
The present invention relates to a kind of building system, particularly use assembled integral, the boxlike residential building system of net (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure sandwich composite board load-bearing.(according to the letter abbreviations of keyword " rack ", " combination " phonetic, net (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure sandwich composite board is called for short the WZ plate.Sandwich is from putting out or the high-efficiency insulated heat-barrier material plate of flame retardant type, such as the flame-retardant polystyrene cystosepiment.The present invention is called for short the WZ system.)
In existing residential building system, the domestic small concrete hollow block system dwelling house, the light system dwelling house of special-shape column frame, lightweight steel construction system dwelling house, CL system dwelling house, three successively released cut the system dwelling house, also introduced French dipy lay wire system dwelling house, the EICON system dwelling house of the U.S. etc.
In these residential building systems, building-block system dwelling house is not still jumped out " Qin brick and Han tile " on-the-spot manual extensive production model of building by laying bricks or stones, and the body of wall globality is poor, building cracks is difficult to avoid, the on-the-spot manual operations of outer insulation, complex process, cost height, durability wait checking.The frame construction anti-seismic performance of the light system dwelling house of special-shape column frame is relatively poor, and cast-in-place post, beam, plate batch production degree are low, and heat bridge needs to handle, aerated concrete building block body of wall perps is not full substantially, gas leakage, infiltration, crack also are to be difficult to avoid, and the crack appears in other lightweight body of wall, also is common quality defect.Though it is prefabricated Assembling Production that the what is called three of sheerly prefabricated short column framework is cut the system dwelling house, the little standard width of a room in an old-style house, generous (square) shape post, beam limit interferences the living space cut apart utilization, heat bridge is many and be difficult to handle.CL system dwelling house essence is dark special-shape column framework Compound Wallboard System, the indoor little standard width of a room in an old-style house is cut apart limited, batch production production, prefabricated construction degree are not high, heat bridge is many and be difficult to handle, the not enough science of structural system, the utilization of structural meterials intensity is very insufficient, and therefore bigger structural meterials waste is arranged, and has increased dead load.Dipy lay wire system is that concrete wall pastes warming plate outward, and the concrete of dipy lay wire system is all on-the-spot cast-in-place, and a large amount of lay wires and the power transmission of structure muscle are unclear, and concrete and the utilization of the reinforcing bar strength of materials also are very insufficient, and the structural meterials waste is bigger.The ELCON system, prefabricated assembling is not a monolithic, globality is poor, though concrete wall is high-strength, but complex heat-preservation not.In the above-mentioned system, what belong to the body of wall load-bearing is building-block system, dipy lay wire system, ELCON system.
In a word, above-described residential building system, or structural analysis is clear and definite inadequately, utilizing of material property is insufficient, and the structural meterials waste is bigger, or new technology set shortcoming, make dwelling house not enough by extensive style construction dynamics in the transformation that intensification is produced, so that the raising of housing quality is also limited to, production efficiency is also not high, and cost is all higher.
The concrete shear wall box structure that to the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of its structural system be the complex heat-preservation central layer; The utilization of the power transmission line clear of structural system, the calculating mature and reliable of structural element, material property is reasonable; Both guaranteed supporting capacity, again economical with materials, the novel building system that alleviates deadweight, reduce cost.
The present invention includes basis, body of wall, floor, roofing, stair, its characteristics are that construction sequence is:
1. earlier with minor diameter reinforcing bar (silk) production standardization, unitized low height (10~19 centimetres) sandwich nets (purlin) frame, be called " basic net ";
2. by design, by transportation, lifting ability,, press block number with body of wall, the floor piecemeal of dwelling house, by number by design with basic net cutting, amalgamation, reserving hole, append principal rod, structure muscle, wear and bury water, warm, electric various pipelines, built-in fitting, be called " design grid ";
3. the two-layer node of design grid, profound bar are built in two-layer concrete plate, be prefabricated into net (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure sandwich composite board, i.e. " WZ " plate;
4. exterior wall, party wall load-bearing, the washroom wall is the shearing resistance tube, and floor, roof panel are made up by the WZ plate, and half space, bench etc. are made up by WZ plate or non-WZ plate, and floor is that stride at a family one, does not establish indoor load bearing wall;
5. by numbering with each piece plate lifting, " stitching "; So-called " stitching " is meant that net (purlin) frame connects, the thermal insulation central layer is continuous, concrete is put in order and watered, and the seam crossing component strength does not weaken, and heat-insulating property is uninterrupted:
6. the roofing flexible water is handled and the roofing surface layer, and inner, external wall is directly decorated;
7. indoor usage space by design once finishing put in place (comprising light partition wall, partition, door, window), the kitchen, defend global design, the supporting installation of product.
In the construction sequence 1. the basic net of WZ system press dwelling house type (floor height, thickness of slab, mesh spacing, net muscle specification), standardized designs, General design in the workshop by special equipment production.The design grid of WZ system is in special processing plant in the construction sequence 2., continuous productive process, by design, transportation, lifting ability piecemeal, numbering, cutting, assembly and, reserving hole, append principal rod, structure muscle, wear and bury water, warm, electric various pipelines, built-in fitting in advance.WZ plate concrete is prefabricated at prefabricated workshop pressure injection self-compacting concrete, special tool formula template formwork erection in the construction sequence 3., and floor applies prestressing force on demand.In the construction sequence 5. " stitching " of " WZ " plate, plate termination and plate termination, plate side are become whole with plate side " stitching ", do not occur along plank split and make exterior wall and the thermal insulation composite bed of roofing continuous, eliminate heat bridge.During the prefabricated WZ plate of WZ dwelling house system, the WZ template die lath that weak elastomeric material is made is installed in the place that WZ plate end (limit) need block concrete, and reinforcing bar, insulation central layer that joint (side) is located stay by design and expose.
Structural system of the present invention is the concrete shear wall box structure of complex heat-preservation central layer, and power transmission line clear, calculation diagram are correct, the utilization of material property is reasonable; The WZ plate had both had higher capacity, rigidity, durability, had excellent thermal and insulating performance again concurrently, easily implemented the characteristics such as coordination installation of engineerings such as water, warm, electricity; The rigidity of floor vertical panel face direction is big, has realized that a family one strides floor, and under the effect of design service load, mid-span deflection 16mm is less than the limit value of standard 1/250.
Adopting the present invention is the dwelling house that the WZ system is constructed, good integrity, good endurance, anti-seismic performance are good, six layers of WZ system dwelling house that the thick WZ plate of 160mm is built, calculating, test all show, the standard of setting up defences that has surpassed 7 degree, 8 degree earthquake intensity, six layers of dwelling house of " one " font have reached the standard of setting up defences of 9 degree earthquake intensitys; Good effect of heat insulation, there is not heat bridge, exterior wall 60mm polyphenyl foam central layer, thermal transmittance 0.86, roofing 80mm polyphenyl foam central layer, thermal transmittance 0.69, it is many to be lower than the new standard limit value, external door adopts the airtight security door of insulation, four towards window all adopt the two glass of plastic-steel, reached the requirement of new standard energy-conservation 50%; Do not have indoor load bearing wall, lightweight inner partition wall is dismountable, mobile, and separate arbitrarily the living space, is suitable for various temperament and interest residents' needs, has sufficient development space; Do not have a post one beam, the interior space helps using most; Multilayer, little high-rise WZ system dwelling house wall thickness can select 160mm, 180mm, three kinds of specifications of 200mm, usable floor area rate about 85% respectively; Floor, wallboard, roof panel sound transmission loss ≮ 40dB, impact sound are arbitrarily downgraded ≯ 75dB; Adapt to various heating systems, when adopting the heating of underground heat water pipe, the stud loss is minimum; The kitchen, defend global design, distinguish class, specification, pattern, style, people-oriented, well-designed standard drawing, standard drawing, and product is provided together, is in place.
Adopting the present invention is that the WZ system is built dwelling house, can realize suitability for industrialized production, and the construction period is short, and speed of application is fast, has both accelerated capital turnover, has also accelerated old room and has pulled down and removed a building for reconstruction.Planning from the environmental ecology sub-district, to hommization, intelligentized property management, community service, in the overall process that the housing estate is built, realized height set and perfect integration of new technology, new material, new equipment new product, become the carrier of modernization of the housing industry.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention
Accompanying drawing 2 is that the A-A of the embodiment of the invention is to sectional drawing
Accompanying drawing 3-1 is the front view that the embodiment of the invention is netted substantially
Accompanying drawing 3-2 is the left view that the embodiment of the invention is netted substantially
Accompanying drawing 3-3 is the vertical view that the embodiment of the invention is netted substantially
Accompanying drawing 4 is an embodiment of the invention WZ plated construction schematic diagram
Accompanying drawing 5-1 is a front view before embodiment of the invention building, wall panels seam are sewed up
Accompanying drawing 5-2 is a view profile before embodiment of the invention floor plate seam is sewed up
Accompanying drawing 5-3 sews up preceding view profile for embodiment of the invention wall panels seam
Accompanying drawing 6-1 is that embodiment of the invention building, wall panels seam are sewed up the back front view
Accompanying drawing 6-2 is that embodiment of the invention floor plate seam is sewed up the back view profile
Accompanying drawing 6-3 sews up the back view profile for embodiment of the invention wall panels seam
Accompanying drawing 7-1 is an embodiment of the invention side fascia front view
Accompanying drawing 7-2 is embodiment of the invention side fascia left view and side fascia connection diagram
Accompanying drawing 7-3 is an embodiment of the invention exterior wall node connection diagram
Accompanying drawing 8-1 is an embodiment of the invention party wall plate front view
Accompanying drawing 8-2 is an embodiment of the invention party wall plate left view
Accompanying drawing 8-3 is an embodiment of the invention party wall plate termination schematic diagram
Accompanying drawing 8-4 is an embodiment of the invention party wall node connection diagram
Template bar scheme of installation when accompanying drawing 9-1 is embodiment of the invention prefabricated panel termination
Template bar scheme of installation when accompanying drawing 9-2 is embodiment of the invention precast floor slab termination
Template bar scheme of installation when accompanying drawing 9-3 is embodiment of the invention precast floor slab side
With reference to the accompanying drawings 1,2, the embodiment of the invention is a 100M 2Six layers+loft the dwelling house of house type comprises basis 1, body of wall 2, floor 3, roofing 4, stair 5, wherein floor height 2.8m, load-bearing wall thickness 160mm, the high 160mm of floor, durable grade secondary, fire resistance rating secondary, usable floor area rate 87%, deadweight 5.0KN/M 2, steel using amount 25Kg/M 2(1) non-prestressed 7.5m floor is striden at one family one, mid-span deflection<<16mm; Roofing 80mm polyphenyl plate core, thermal transmittance 0.69, exterior wall 60mm polyphenyl foam plate, thermal transmittance 0.86 all is lower than the new standard limit value; Do not had heat bridge fully, the indoor load bearing wall of not establishing does not have a post one beam; Floor, wallboard, roofing sound insulation>>40dB, floor bump acoustic pressure<<75dB; Batch production is produced, site assembly, 60 days durations, comprehensive recruitment 2.0/m 2WZ plate suturing skill is simple, not along plank split; Interior wall face need not wiped one's face, and directly decorates; 389 yuan/m of civil engineering flat cost (, not comprising finishing) by the estimation of Shandong Province's norm for detailed estimates 2
Its construction sequence is:
1. earlier with minor diameter reinforcing bar (silk) production standardization, unitized low height (10~19 centimetres) sandwich nets (purlin) frame, be called " basic net "; With reference to the accompanying drawings 3, h is the WZ thickness of slab of building after the concrete among the figure, and h0 is the rack height, and h1 is that benzene plate core is thick, 1., 2. be upper and lower string net (diameter is unified), 3., 4. be vertical, horizontal web member (diameter is unified, press designing and calculating definite).
2. by design, by transportation, lifting ability,, press block number with body of wall, the floor piecemeal of dwelling house, by number by design with basic net cutting, amalgamation, reserving hole, append principal rod, structure muscle, wear and bury water, warm, electric various pipelines, built-in fitting, claim " design grid ";
3. the two-layer node of design grid, profound bar are built in two-layer concrete plate, be prefabricated into net (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure sandwich composite board, i.e. " WZ " plate; With reference to the accompanying drawings 4,1,3 is two-layer concrete plate among the figure, and 2 is sandwich benzene plate, and 4 are just putting quadrangular pyramid double layer planar rack for " basic net ".
4. exterior wall, party wall load-bearing, the washroom wall is the shearing resistance tube, and floor, roof panel are made up by the WZ plate, and half space, bench etc. are made up by WZ plate or non-WZ plate, and floor is that stride at a family one, does not establish indoor load bearing wall;
5. by numbering with each piece plate lifting, " stitching "; So-called " stitching " is meant that net (purlin) frame connects, the thermal insulation central layer is continuous, concrete is put in order and watered, and the seam crossing component strength does not weaken, and heat-insulating property is uninterrupted;
With reference to the accompanying drawings 5,6, the sandwich benzene plate of floor is discontinuous during side " stitching ", and the sandwich benzene plate of wallboard is continuous, and " basic net " rack connects using little reinforcing bar, and the whole thickness that waters of seam crossing concrete is identical with the former concrete layer of floor.
With reference to the accompanying drawings 7, during side fascia node " stitching ", A place benzene plate removes, and the horizontal net muscle in three roads, every limit removes, and an above left side four, B place, the horizontal net muscle in right six roads remove, C is the wallboard axis, D is loading (frame axle) line, and E is " design grid " reinforcement, and diameter is by calculating, structural form-formation triangle " △ " is transmitted floor moment.
With reference to the accompanying drawings 8, during party wall plate node " stitching ", A place benzene plate removes, and twice horizontal net muscle in every limit removes, B is the prefabricated boundary of concrete, C is loading frame transversal line and party wall axis, and D place benzene plate removes, and the E place is superimposed concrete, the horizontal net muscle of the upper and lower, left and right San Dao of F place removes, the G place is " design grid " reinforcement, upper and lower horizontal net muscle three roads that respectively remove, H place, and I place benzene plate removes.
6. the roofing flexible water is handled and the roofing surface layer, and inner, external wall is directly decorated;
7. indoor usage space by design once finishing put in place (comprising light partition wall, partition, door, window), the kitchen, defend global design, the supporting installation of product.
In the construction sequence 1. the basic net of WZ system press dwelling house type (floor height, thickness of slab, mesh spacing, net muscle specification), standardized designs, General design in the workshop by special equipment production; The design grid of WZ system is in special processing plant in the construction sequence 2., continuous productive process, by design, transportation, lifting ability piecemeal, numbering, cutting, assembly and, and be easy to reserving hole, append principal rod, the structure muscle, wear and bury water, warm, electric various pipelines, built-in fitting in advance; WZ plate concrete is prefabricated at prefabricated workshop pressure injection self-compacting concrete, special tool formula template formwork erection, and floor applies prestressing force on demand.In the construction sequence 5. " stitching " of " WZ " plate, plate termination and plate termination, plate side are become whole with plate side " stitching ", do not occur along plank split and make exterior wall and the thermal insulation composite bed of roofing continuous, eliminate heat bridge.During the prefabricated WZ plate of WZ dwelling house system, the WZ template die lath that hard rubber is made is installed in the place that WZ plate end (limit) need block concrete, and reinforcing bar, insulation central layer that joint (side) is located stay by design and expose.With reference to the accompanying drawings 9, A, B, C, D are the hard rubber template bar that install when prefabricated the wallboard termination among the figure, E, F, G, H are the hard rubber template bar that install when prefabricated the floor termination, and I, J place are the hard rubber template bar of floor side installation when prefabricated, and K place side is only reserved 1 truss structure.
The template bar one of the embodiment of the invention is to adopt hard rubber and so on resilient slightly material, height is of uniform thickness with the prefabricated concrete plate of need, width is less than grid ribs spacing (embodiment of the invention module bar width is 4cm), and the template bar is not shifted when making prefabricated concrete, and distortion allows to get final product.The 2nd, with the template bar in adjacent central layer one side of short transverse, by the spacing otch identical with truss or grid ribs, notch depth exceeds greater than reinforcing bar about the height 5mm of central layer face (can not cut off), and the template bar has become the module string, allow the reinforcing bar be pressed into the template bar along otch like this, the template bar is with regard to installation in position.Resilient module is held reinforcing bar, and cut closure, cement paste is not run out of.During stripping, only need, are cleaned out in turn with the module pull-up from a side of template bar, and turnover is used.The side that the template bar is continuous should be imbedded nylon wire etc. to strengthen rubber, prevents fracture, increases the number of turnover.

Claims (7)

1. net (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure composite plate building system (be called for short WZ system), comprise basis, body of wall, floor, roofing, stair, it is characterized in that construction sequence is: (1) with minor diameter reinforcing bar (silk) production standardization, unitized low height (10~19 centimetres) sandwich nets (purlin) frame, is called " basic net " earlier; (2) by design, by transportation, lifting ability,, press block number with body of wall, the floor piecemeal of dwelling house, by number by design with basic net cutting, amalgamation, reserving hole, append principal rod, structure muscle, wear and bury water, warm, electric various pipelines, built-in fitting, be called " design grid "; (3) two-layer node of design grid, profound bar are built in two-layer concrete plate, be prefabricated into net (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure sandwich composite board, i.e. " WZ " plate; (4) exterior wall, party wall load-bearing, the washroom wall is the shearing resistance tube, and floor, roof panel are made up by the WZ plate, and half space, bench etc. are made up by WZ plate or non-WZ plate, and floor is that stride at a family one, does not establish indoor load bearing wall; (5) by numbering with each piece plate lifting, " stitching "; So-called " stitching " is meant that net (purlin) frame connects, the thermal insulation central layer is continuous, concrete is put in order and watered, and the seam crossing component strength does not weaken, and heat-insulating property is uninterrupted.
2. net as claimed in claim 1 (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure composite plate building system is characterized in that construction sequence also comprises: (6) roofing flexible water is handled and the roofing surface layer, and inner, external wall is directly decorated; (7) indoor usage space by design once finishing put in place (comprising light partition wall, partition, door, window), the kitchen, defend global design, the supporting installation of product.
3. net as claimed in claim 1 or 2 (purlin) frame-concrete combining structure composite plate building system is characterized in that: in the construction sequence (1) the basic net of WZ system press dwelling house type (floor height, thickness of slab, mesh spacing, net muscle specification), standardized designs, General design in the workshop by special equipment production.
4. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described net (purlin) framves-concrete combining structure composite plate building system, it is characterized in that: the design grid of WZ system is in special processing plant in the construction sequence (2), continuous productive process, by design, transportation, lifting ability piecemeal, numbering, cutting, assembly and, reserving hole, append principal rod, structure muscle, wear and bury water, warm, electric various pipelines, built-in fitting in advance.
5. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described net (purlin) framves-concrete combining structure composite plate building system, it is characterized in that: the WZ plate concrete of WZ system is prefabricated at prefabricated workshop pressure injection self-compacting concrete, special tool formula template formwork erection in the construction sequence (3), and floor applies prestressing force on demand.
6. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described net (purlin) framves-concrete combining structure composite plate building system, it is characterized in that: in the construction sequence (5) " stitching " of " WZ " plate, plate termination and plate termination, plate side are become whole with plate side " stitching ", do not occur along plank split and make exterior wall and the thermal insulation composite bed of roofing continuous, eliminate heat bridge.
7. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 7 described net (purlin) framves-concrete combining structure composite plate building system, it is characterized in that: during the prefabricated WZ plate of WZ dwelling house system, the WZ template die lath that weak elastomeric material is made is installed in the place that WZ plate end (limit) need block concrete, and reinforcing bar, insulation central layer that joint (side) is located stay by design and expose.
CN 01107858 2001-03-07 2001-03-07 Building system using combined structure of netted (struss) frame and concrete and composite plates Expired - Fee Related CN1123668C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01107858 CN1123668C (en) 2001-03-07 2001-03-07 Building system using combined structure of netted (struss) frame and concrete and composite plates

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01107858 CN1123668C (en) 2001-03-07 2001-03-07 Building system using combined structure of netted (struss) frame and concrete and composite plates

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CN1309215A true CN1309215A (en) 2001-08-22
CN1123668C CN1123668C (en) 2003-10-08

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102296816A (en) * 2011-06-20 2011-12-28 南通建筑工程总承包有限公司 Factorial construction method for component of total prefabricated assembly integral type shear wall structure system
CN106996147A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-01 东南大学 Multilayer large-span assembled orthogonal spatial assembled concrete space lattice box structure and preparation method
CN110284588A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-27 广东锦然之格科技有限公司 A kind of construction method in assembled combined wall house

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102296816A (en) * 2011-06-20 2011-12-28 南通建筑工程总承包有限公司 Factorial construction method for component of total prefabricated assembly integral type shear wall structure system
CN106996147A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-01 东南大学 Multilayer large-span assembled orthogonal spatial assembled concrete space lattice box structure and preparation method
CN106996147B (en) * 2017-03-31 2019-10-18 东南大学 Multilayer large-span assembled orthogonal spatial assembled concrete space lattice box structure and production method
CN110284588A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-27 广东锦然之格科技有限公司 A kind of construction method in assembled combined wall house

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