CN1294350A - Intelligent control method for different electric appliances and its universal controller - Google Patents

Intelligent control method for different electric appliances and its universal controller Download PDF

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CN1294350A
CN1294350A CN 99117344 CN99117344A CN1294350A CN 1294350 A CN1294350 A CN 1294350A CN 99117344 CN99117344 CN 99117344 CN 99117344 A CN99117344 A CN 99117344A CN 1294350 A CN1294350 A CN 1294350A
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output
input
control
interface unit
unit
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CN 99117344
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CN1153151C (en )
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李筑
李胜
熊文灿
丁勇智
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贵州以太科技信息产业有限责任公司
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An intelligent control method for various electric devices features that a universal controller composed of singhe-chip processor unit, interface unit for electric devices, user interface unit and computer interface unit is used to implement intelligent control, mutual control between electric devices, computer monitor and remote network control. Its advantages are high power and versatility.

Description

实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法及所用的通用控制装置 Various methods to achieve intelligent control of electrical equipment and general control apparatus used

本发明涉及对电器设备的控制,特别是一种可对各种电器设备进行智能控制的方法及所用的通用控制装置。 The present invention relates to the control of electrical equipment, in particular a variety of electrical equipment may be a method of intelligent control and general control apparatus used.

目前对各种电器设备的控制,主要是通过控制电路来实施,由于电器设备的种类不同,因此控制电路的变化很多,这给电器设备的生产带来许多麻烦。 Currently control a variety of electrical equipment, mainly carried out by the control circuit, due to the different types of electrical equipment, so a lot of changes in the control circuit, which brings a lot of trouble to the production of electrical equipment. 而且电器设备一但生产出来后,用户如果想改变控制电路,十分麻烦,对于有些应用场合,目前是采用可编程控制器(PLC)给生产厂家和用户提供解决办法。 And electrical equipment but produced a, if the user wants to change control circuit, very troublesome, for some applications, there is the use of programmable logic controller (PLC) to manufacturers and users to provide solutions. 但PLC成本太高,在许多电器设备上,特别是在小型机床设备,家用电器上很难应用性能较强的PLC,而且PLC的编程较复杂,一般用户也很难运用。 However, PLC is too costly in many electrical devices, particularly difficult to apply the strong performance of the PLC on small machine tools, household appliances, PLC programming and more complex, the average user is difficult to use.

本发明的目的在于,提供一种可对各种电器设备实现智能控制的方法及所用的通用控制装置。 Object of the present invention is to provide a method of intelligent control and general control means may be used to achieve a variety of electrical equipment. 本发明利用一个通用控制装置,不但可对各种电器设备实现智能化控制,还可对电器设备间的互相控制,以及实现对电器设备的异地和联网控制。 With the present invention a universal control unit, not only can realize the intelligent control of various electrical equipment, but also to control each other between the electrical equipment, and the realization of the remote control of electrical and networking equipment.

本发明是这样实现的:实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法,特点是借助于一个通用控制装置来实现对不同电器设备进行智能化控制;该通用控制装置可以对电器设备进行输入输出量控制,还可以对用户入口进行输入输出量控制。 The present invention is implemented as follows: various electrical devices implemented method of intelligent control, is characterized by means of a common control means to achieve different intelligent control of the electrical equipment; the generic control means may control the amount of input and output of the electrical equipment, you can also control the user input output entry.

上述的实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法所用的通用控制装置,该通用控制装置包括单片机单元(1),接在单片机单元(1)的一组输入输出脚上的电器设备接口单元(2),接在单片机单元(1)的另外一组输入输出脚上的用户接口单元(3)。 The above-described control apparatus to achieve various general method for intelligent control of electrical equipment used, the generic control means comprises a microcontroller unit (1), a set of input and output feet electrical device interface unit connected to the microcontroller unit (1) (2) , then the microcontroller unit (1) is additionally a group of input and output feet user interface unit (3).

上述的通用控制装置中,所述的电器设备接口单元(2)的构成包括串并行输入部分和输出部分;其中并行输入直接由插头J4引入,对串行输入向并行输入的转换由移位寄存器U5和缓冲器U6构成;输出部分包括由译码器U3、U4和接在U3、U4输出脚上的电平输出插座J1,以及经电子开关A1-A16,B1-B16输出通断信号的输出插座J2、J3构成;用户接口单元(3)由插座J6和口扩展芯片U2构成; The above universal control unit constituting the electrical device interface unit (2) comprises a serial-parallel input and output portions; wherein the parallel input is directly introduced by the plug J4, conversion of the serial input to parallel input by the shift register U5 U6 and a buffer composition; U3 U4 comprises an output portion connected to and U3, U4 feet output level of the output sockets J1, and A1-A16, B1-B16 output of the decoder, via the electronic switch-off output signal jack J2, J3 configuration; user interface unit (3) constituted by a socket and port J6 expansion chip U2;

前述的实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法中,所借助的通用控制装置还可以与其他有计算机功能的设备进行互联。 The method of implementation of the intelligent control of electrical equipment, the universal control device may also be interconnected by means of other devices with computer functions.

在上述的实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法中,所用的通用控制装置包括单片机单元(1),接在单片机单元(1)的一组输入输出脚上的电器设备接口单元(2),接在单片机单元(1)的另外一组输入输出脚上的用户接口单元(3),接在单片机再一组输入输出脚的计算机接口单元(4);上述的通用控制装置中,所述的电器设备接口单元(2)的构成包括串并行输入部分和输出部分;其中并行输入直接由插头J4引入,对串行输入向并行输入的转换由移位寄存器U5和缓冲器U6构成;输出部分包括由译码器U3、U4和接在U3、U4输出脚上的电平输出插座J1,以及经电子开关A1-A16,B1-B16输出通断信号的输出插座J2、J3构成;用户接口单元(3)由插座J6和口扩展芯片U2构成;计算机接口单元由串行接口J5构成。 In the electrical apparatus to implement various intelligent control methods, the common control means comprises a microcontroller unit used in (1), connected to the microcontroller unit (1) a set of input and output feet electrical device interface unit (2), then the microcontroller unit (1) is additionally a group of input and output feet user interface unit (3), connected to the microcontroller and then a set of input and output pins of the computer interface unit (4); and the general control device, the electrical constituting the device interface unit (2) comprises a serial-parallel input and output portions; wherein the parallel input is directly introduced by the plug J4, is input to the parallel input serial converter U6 and U5 is constituted by a shift register buffer; output portion comprises decoder U3, U4 and connected U3, U4 feet output level of the output sockets J1, and A1-A16, on-off output signal B1-B16 socket via an electronic switch J2, J3 configuration; a user interface unit (3 ) constituted by a socket and port J6 expansion chip U2; computer interface means comprises a serial interface J5.

与现有技术相比,采用本发明,只需增加少量成本,不但可以对各种电器设备实现自身的智能化控制,而且还可以实现电器设备间的互联控制,以及实现计算机监控、异地和远程联网控制。 Compared with the prior art, the present invention, a small increase in cost, not only can achieve a variety of intelligent control of electrical equipment itself, but also to achieve the interconnection between the electrical control equipment, and the realization of the computer monitor, and the remote off-site networking control. 具有实现成本低、功能强、通用性强的特点,可以广泛应用于各种电器设备上。 Having a low cost, high function, high versatility and can be widely used in various electrical devices.

下面结合附图对本发明的具体实现方式作进一步的详细描述附图1是通用控制装置的结构框图;附图2是通用控制装置的电路结构原理图;附图3是通用控制装置控制电视机的原理示意图;附图4是通用控制装置控制机床设备的原理示意图;附图5是利用通用控制装置实现电器设备间互相控制的原理示意图;实施例:实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法是借助于一个通用控制装置来实现对不同电器设备进行智能化控制;该通用控制装置可以对电器设备进行输入输出量控制,还可以对用户入口进行输入输出量控制;该通用控制装置还可以与其他有计算机功能的设备进行互联。 BRIEF particular implementation of the present invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings 1 is a block diagram of the general control apparatus; FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram showing the configuration of the common control device; Figure 3 is a general control device for controlling a television set schematic diagram; Figure 4 is a schematic view of the principle of universal control machine tool control apparatus; Figure 5 is implemented using a universal principle control means between the electrical apparatus mutually control schematic; Example: implementation variety of electrical equipment by means of intelligent control a common control means to achieve different intelligent control of the electrical equipment; the generic control means may control the amount of input and output of the electrical equipment, input and output can also be an inlet amount control to the user; the generic control means may also be a computer with other the device functions are interconnected.

在上述的实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法中所用的通用控制装置,包括单片机单元(1),接在单片机单元(1)的一组输入输出脚上的电器设备接口单元(2),接在单片机单元(1)的另外一组输入输出脚上的用户接口单元(3),接在单片机再一组输入输出脚的计算机接口单元(4)。 General method for the control device to implement various intelligent control of electrical equipment used in the above-described, comprising a microcontroller unit (1), connected to the microcontroller unit (1) a set of input and output feet electrical device interface unit (2), then the microcontroller unit (1) is additionally a group of input and output feet user interface unit (3), connected to the microcontroller and then a set of input and output pins of the computer interface unit (4).

其中所述的电器接口单元(2)的构成包括串并行输入部分和输出部分;其中并行输入直接有插头J4引入,对串行输入向并行输入转换由移位寄存器U5和缓冲器U6构成;输出部分包括译码器U3、U4和接在U3、U4输出脚上的电平输出插座J1,以及经电子开关A1-A16,B1-B16输出通断信号的输出插座J2、J3构成;用户接口单元(3)由插座J6和口扩展芯片U2构成;计算机接口单元由串行接口J5构成。 Wherein said electrical configuration interface unit (2) comprises a serial-parallel input and output portions; wherein the parallel input connector J4 immediately introduced, is input to the parallel input serial converter U6 and U5 is constituted by a shift register buffer; output portion comprises decoder U3, U4 and connected U3, U4 output level of the output jack J1 feet, and via electronic switches A1-A16, B1-B16 outputs an output signal off receptacle J2, J3 configuration; user interface unit (3) constituted by a socket and port J6 expansion chip U2; computer interface means comprises a serial interface J5.

本例中单片机单元(1)的单片机采用89C52。 In the present embodiment the microcontroller unit MCU (1) using 89C52.

对单台电器设备(如电视机)进行控制时,将附图2中的J2、J4插座与附图3中的J2、J4插头对接,设置好对应引线,即可完成硬件连接。 When controlling a single electrical equipment (such as televisions), in 2 J2, J2 socket in figures 3 J4, J4 mating plug, the corresponding lead set, to complete the hardware connections to the accompanying drawings. 用户可以通过附图2中的串行口J5插座连接用户的计算机,用户通过计算机可以对98C52中驻留的程序进行修改或重新编程。 The user can connect the user's computer's serial port J5 socket 2 by the reference, the user can modify or reprogram the program resident in a computer 98C52. 如果用户只是对通用控制装置中驻留的程序已经设定的功能进行选择,可将附图5中的液晶显示面板FTD,按钮SM1(确认)、SM2(上移)、SM3(下移)通过J6插头与J6插座对连,可以完成功能选择及确认工作。 If the user only general control program means residing selected function has been set, FIG. 5 of the liquid crystal display panel may be FTD, buttons SM1 (acknowledgment), SM2 (moved up), SM3 (down) by J6 J6 plug and socket to connect, to complete function selection and confirmation work. 对通用控制装置的设置完成后,J6插座、J5串行口插座连接的设备均可与本装置脱离。 After setting of the common control device is completed, J6 socket, J5 serial port of the receptacle connector of the present device can be detached from the device. 89C52的一组输出引脚P10-P17经译码器U3、U4可将8路电平输出扩展成32路电平信号输出。 89C52 set of output pins P10-P17 via decoder U3, U4 8 may be extended to the level of the output 32 an electrical signal output level. 其中U3的16路电平输出信号经电子开关B1-B16转换或16路通断信号接至插座J2。 16 wherein the level of the output signal U3 via electronic switches B1-B16 lead to conversion or off signal 16 to the receptacle J2. U4的16路电平输出信号经电子开关A1-A16转换或16路通断信号接至插座J3。 Level of the output signal 16 via an electronic switch U4 A1-A16 16 lead to conversion or off signal to the socket J3. 通过J2插头将电器设备接口单元(2)的通断信号输出并接在电视机主控芯片的状态信号输入端上,可以代替原有的遥控器控制功能。 J2 off by the plug-electrical signal output device interface unit (2) and is connected to the input terminal of the television signal state controller chips can replace the original remote control. 并接在电视机主控芯片U11状态信号输出端上的引线经J4插头、电器设备接口单元(2)的输入部分接到89C52的P00-P07脚,构成一个闭环控制。 And a television connected to the master chip U11 status signal output terminal via lead J4 plug, electrical device interface unit (2) connected to an input portion of the foot 89C52 P00-P07 constitute a closed-loop control. 通过软件的设置可以实现自动定时开关机,自动频道转换等功能。 You can achieve automatic timing switch, automatic channel conversion functions provided by the software. 如再配上对环境的光强度、音量检测环节,还可以对电视机的音量、对比度、亮度等进行自动调整。 The matched with the light intensity of the environment, the volume of the detection areas, can automatically adjust the volume of the television, contrast, brightness, and the like. 当然,电器接口单元(2)的输出部分也可由89C52的一个引脚上采用一位串行输出,再加解码器解码得到电平输出信号。 Of course, the electrical interface unit (2) may also be a part of an output pin 89C52 using a serial output, coupled with the decoder decoded output signal level.

如对单台机床设备进行控制时,输出的信号需做功率放大,可将电平信号输出至附图4中的三极管BG的基极,通过集电极的继电器J的触点去控制电路中的电器。 When such a single machine controlled device, the output signal power amplification to be done, the signal level may be output to the accompanying drawings in BG transistor base 4, through the collector contacts of the relay J to the control circuit appliances.

如欲进行电器设备间的互相控制时,可将每台电器设备上的通用控制装置中的串行口J5进行连接;将附图5中的液晶显示板FTD、按钮SM1(确认)、SM2(上移)、SM3(下移)通过J6插头与附图2中的J6插座相连,通过FTD和按钮可以对其他设备进行操作。 For when controlling the electrical equipment between each other, the control means may be common electrical equipment on each serial port J5 connection; Figure 5 in the liquid crystal display panel FTD, buttons SM1 (acknowledgment), SM2 ( move), SM3 (down) are connected via J6 J6 plug socket 2 with the accompanying drawings, other devices can be operated by a button and FTD.

如欲对电器设备实行计算机监控,远程联网监控时,可以通过串行口J5与计算机相连。 For electrical equipment implementation of computer monitoring, remote network monitoring, can be connected to a computer via serial port J5.

Claims (6)

  1. 1. 1. 实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法,其特征在于:借助于一个通用控制装置来实现对不同电器设备进行智能化控制;该通用控制装置可以对电器设备进行输入输出量控制,还可以对用户入口进行输入输出量控制。 Various methods to achieve intelligent control of electrical equipment, wherein: by means of a common control means to achieve different intelligent control of the electrical equipment; the generic control means may control the amount of input and output of the electrical equipment, the user may be further inlet input output control.
  2. 2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法所用的通用控制装置,其特征在于:该通用控制装置包括单片机单元(1),接在单片机单元(1)的一组输入输出脚上的电器设备接口单元(2);接在单片机单元(1)的另一组输入输出脚上的用户接口单元(3)。 The general method for the control apparatus to implement various intelligent control of electrical equipment according to claim 1 used, wherein: the control means comprises a general purpose microcontroller unit (1), connected to the microcontroller unit (1) a set of input and output pins the electrical device interface unit (2); connected to the microcontroller unit (1) another group of input and output feet user interface unit (3).
  3. 3. 3. 根据权利要求2所述的通用控制装置,其特征在于:所述的电器设备接口单元(2)的构成包括串并行输入部分和输出部分;其中并行输入直接由插座J4引入,对串行输入向并行输入的转换由移位寄存器U5和缓冲器U6构成;输出部分包括译码器U3、U4和接在U3、U4输出脚上的电平输出插座J1,以及经电子开关A1-A16,B1-B16输出通断信号的输出插座J2、J3构成;用户接口单元(3)由插座J6和口扩展芯片U2构成。 The general control apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: forming the electrical device interface unit (2) comprises a serial-parallel input and output portions; wherein the parallel input is directly introduced by a socket J4, is input to the serial converting the parallel input of a shift register composed U5 U6 and a buffer; output portion comprises a decoder U3, U4 and connected U3, U4 output level of the output jack J1 feet, and A1-A16 via an electronic switch, B1- B16-off output signal output jack J2, J3 configuration; user interface unit (3) constituted by a socket and port J6 expansion chip U2.
  4. 4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法,其特征在于:该通用控制装置可以与其他有计算机功能的设备进行互联。 The electrical apparatus to implement various intelligent control method according to claim 1, wherein: the generic control means may be interconnected with other devices of the computer functions.
  5. 5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的实现各种电器设备智能控制的方法所用的通用控制装置,其特征在于:该通用控制装置包括单片机单元(1),接在单片机单元(1)的一组输入输出脚上的电器设备接口单元(2),接在单片机单元(1)的另一组输入输出脚上的用户接口单元(3),接在单片机再一组输入输出脚的计算机接口单元(4)。 The general method for the control apparatus to implement various intelligent control of electrical apparatus 4 used claim, wherein: the control means comprises a general purpose microcontroller unit (1), connected to the microcontroller unit (1) a set of input and output pins the electrical device interface unit (2), connected to the microcontroller unit (1) another group of input and output feet user interface unit (3), connected to the microcontroller and then a set of input and output pins of the computer interface unit (4).
  6. 6. 6. 根据权利要求5所述的通用控制装置,其特征在于:所述的电器设备接口单元(2)的构成包括串并行输入部分和输出部分;其中并行输入直接由插头J4引入,对串行输入向并行输入的转换由移位寄存器U5和缓冲器U6构成;输出部分包括由译码器U3、U4和接在U3、U4输出脚上的电平输出插座J1,以及经电子开关A1-A16,B1-B16输出通断信号的输出插座J2、J3构成;用户接口单元(3)由插座J6和口扩展芯片U2构成;计算机接口单元由串行接口J5构成。 Universal control unit as claimed in claim 5, wherein: forming the electrical device interface unit (2) comprises a serial-parallel input and output portions; wherein the parallel input is directly introduced by the plug J4, is input to the serial converting the parallel input of a shift register composed U5 U6 and a buffer; an output section includes a decoder U3, U4 and connected U3, U4 feet output level of the output sockets J1, A1-A16 and via an electronic switch, B1 -B16-off signal output from the output jack J2, J3 configuration; user interface unit (3) constituted by a socket and port J6 expansion chip U2; computer interface means comprises a serial interface J5.
CN 99117344 1999-11-01 1999-11-01 Intelligent control device for domestic electric appliances CN1153151C (en)

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