CN117550711B - Integrated sewage treatment device and use method - Google Patents

Integrated sewage treatment device and use method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN117550711B
CN117550711B CN202410025306.6A CN202410025306A CN117550711B CN 117550711 B CN117550711 B CN 117550711B CN 202410025306 A CN202410025306 A CN 202410025306A CN 117550711 B CN117550711 B CN 117550711B
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China
Prior art keywords
barrel
aeration
fixedly connected
mud
sedimentation
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CN117550711A (en
Inventor
鲁宪
王珊珊
卢鹏宇
黄海涛
郭奎
李继磊
孙晓
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Shandong Shuifayou Membrane Technology Co ltd
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Shandong Shuifayou Membrane Technology Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/12Activated sludge processes
    • C02F3/1278Provisions for mixing or aeration of the mixed liquor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/006Regulation methods for biological treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F7/00Aeration of stretches of water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/42Liquid level
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Biological Treatment Of Waste Water (AREA)

Abstract

The invention particularly discloses an integrated sewage treatment device and a use method thereof, belonging to the technical field of sewage treatment. The invention mainly aims at the technical problems that the prior device is difficult to adjust the volume of sewage in real time and the heat utilization rate is not ideal. The electric water heater comprises a shell, wherein a containing barrel, an aeration barrel and a sedimentation barrel are fixedly connected in the shell, a uniformly distributed telescopic frame and a uniformly distributed first electric push rod are fixedly connected in the shell, a uniformly distributed warm water pipe is fixedly connected to the telescopic frame through a bracket, and an electronic buoy is connected in the containing barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel through a bracket in a sliding manner. According to the invention, the warm water pipes are arranged on the outer sides of the holding barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel, meanwhile, the water levels of the living sewage in the holding barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel are detected through the electronic buoy, the height of the warm water pipes is adjusted through the first electric push rod, the heat of hot water in the warm water pipes is fully utilized, and the heat utilization rate is improved.

Description

Integrated sewage treatment device and use method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of sewage treatment, and particularly discloses an integrated sewage treatment device and a use method thereof.
Background
The rapid development of the tourism industry drives the development of a plurality of villages, and simultaneously, the development of the tourism area is brought with larger environmental burden, the method is similar to the rural holiday village in coastal areas of China, the type of the commonly produced sewage is the life sewage, if the life sewage is discharged without passing through the qualified treatment, adverse effects can be caused on the surrounding environment and even surrounding sea area environment, because the rural holiday village is usually in medium or small scale, the economic practical problem is considered to carry out sewage treatment only through an integrated sewage treatment device, the integrated sewage treatment device is usually combined with an aeration biological filter method and a precipitation method, the aeration biological filter method is required to carry out targeted adjustment according to the volume of the treated sewage, the content and the activity of aerobic microorganisms in the sewage are adjusted through the adjustment of the aeration biological filter method, and the problem that the sewage is frozen is also required to be subjected to the temperature reduction in the winter, the problem that the microorganisms in the aeration tank are deactivated and even the sewage are frozen is caused, although the scale of the rural holiday village is not large, the fluctuation of the system is large, the sewage treatment device is used every day, the problem that the sewage treatment is not stable, the sewage treatment device is used for daily sewage is usually in the whole sewage treatment device is not used, the heat source is still can not be used, the current sewage treatment is still can not be carried out in real time, the problem is still can be avoided, the sewage treatment is not is difficult to be carried out by the real time, and the conventional sewage treatment is due to the volume to the conventional real time, and the conventional sewage treatment is due to the fact to the volume to the use of the sewage treatment needs to be has been heated, and the real time.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defect that the prior device is difficult to adjust the volume of sewage in real time and the utilization rate of heat is not ideal, the invention provides an integrated sewage treatment device and a use method.
The technical implementation scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides an integrated sewage treatment device, includes the shell, the shell outside rigid coupling has filter end cover and control cabinet, the rigid coupling has hold bucket, aeration bucket and sedimentation bucket in the shell, hold the bucket and be located filter end cover's below, the rigid coupling has evenly distributed's expansion bracket and evenly distributed's first electric putter in the shell, the expansion bracket with adjacent first electric putter cooperation, the expansion bracket has evenly distributed's warm water pipe through the support rigid coupling, be close to hold the bucket the aeration bucket with evenly distributed's warm water pipe is located respectively hold the outside of bucket the outside of aeration bucket with the outside of sedimentation bucket, adjacent warm water pipe passes through the hose intercommunication, evenly distributed the two that are far away in the warm water pipe with the heating pipeline passes through the hose intercommunication, hold the bucket with the intercommunication has the water pumping pipeline between the aeration bucket with the sedimentation bucket, the water pumping pipeline is provided with the shell suction pipe with the water pump is connected with the electric control cabinet in the aeration bucket is equipped with the electric connection in the aeration bucket and the sedimentation bucket.
In addition, as a further preferred scheme, aeration mechanism is including a fixed section of thick bamboo, a fixed section of thick bamboo rigid coupling in the aeration bucket, a fixed section of thick bamboo downside is equipped with the through-hole of guarantee sewage circulation flow, a fixed section of thick bamboo sliding connection has a slip section of thick bamboo, the aeration bucket in a fixed section of thick bamboo rigid coupling have with the second electric putter that the control panel electricity is connected, the flexible end rotation of second electric putter be connected with the electric turbofan that the control panel electricity is connected, the flexible end of second electric putter be close to one side rigid coupling of electric turbofan has evenly distributed's removal filler plate, evenly distributed the removal filler plate all with a slip section of thick bamboo rigid coupling, the fixed part rigid coupling of second electric putter have evenly distributed's fixed filler plate all with a fixed section of thick bamboo rigid coupling, remove the filler plate with fixed filler plate all installs the filler, be equipped with in the aeration bucket be used for the air feed and with the air feed subassembly that the control panel electricity is connected.
In addition, as a further preferable scheme, the fixed packing plates which are uniformly distributed and the movable packing plates which are uniformly distributed are distributed in a staggered manner, and the fixed cylinder, the sliding cylinder and the second electric push rod are coaxial.
In addition, as a further preferred scheme, the air feed subassembly is including the aeration pipeline, the aeration pipeline rigid coupling in the aeration bucket, the aeration pipeline highly be higher than the height of the through-hole of fixed section of thick bamboo downside, the aeration pipeline is close to one side of sliding cylinder is equipped with evenly distributed's aeration shower nozzle, the aeration pipeline passes through pipeline and blast air aerator intercommunication, the blast air aerator with the control cabinet electricity is connected, the blast air aerator pass through the hose with the aeration bucket intercommunication, the rigid coupling has first hydraulic telescoping rod in the aeration bucket, the flexible end of first hydraulic telescoping rod with sliding cylinder rigid coupling, the aeration bucket is close to one side rigid coupling of aeration pipeline has the second hydraulic telescoping rod, first hydraulic telescoping rod with the second hydraulic telescoping rod passes through the hose intercommunication, the aeration pipeline is equipped with the rotary valve, the rotary valve rigid coupling of aeration pipeline has drive gear, the flexible end rigid coupling of second hydraulic telescoping rod have with drive gear complex rack.
In addition, as a further preferred scheme, still including being used for the separation activated sludge in the sedimentation tank and the separation mechanism of supernatant, separation mechanism set up in the sedimentation tank, separation mechanism including with the multistage electric putter of control panel electricity connection, multistage electric putter pass through the support rigid coupling in the upside of sedimentation tank, multistage electric putter's flexible end rigid coupling has the fender, the fender with sedimentation tank sliding connection, the sedimentation tank outside rigid coupling has the drain pump, the fender rigid coupling have with drain pipe of drain pump intercommunication, the fender is equipped with the through-hole, the through-hole internal fixation of fender has fixed disc, the through-hole internal rotation of fender is connected with the removal disc, the removal disc with fixed disc rotates to be connected, and both are equipped with evenly distributed and equi-sized through-hole, the fixed disc rigid coupling have the boss that pierces through the removal disc, the removal disc rigid coupling has the elasticity sensor, the boss with the rigid coupling has first elastic component between the elasticity sensor, the elasticity sensor with the control panel is connected with the control panel is equipped with the detection mud height subassembly.
In addition, as a further preferable scheme, the detection assembly comprises a detection piece, the detection piece is connected with the mud guard in a sliding way, a second elastic piece is fixedly connected between the detection piece and the mud guard, a supporting rod is fixedly connected on one side, close to the moving disc, of the detection piece, and an arc plate matched with the supporting rod on the detection piece is fixedly connected on the moving disc.
In addition, as a further preferable scheme, the arc plate is provided with a chute, the arc plate is matched with the upper supporting rod of the detection piece through the chute on the arc plate, and the angle between two adjacent through holes on the movable disc is equal to twice the rotation angle of the chute on the arc plate.
In addition, as a further preferred scheme, the utility model discloses a sewage treatment device, including the casing, the casing is equipped with the mud pump, the mud pump is installed to the casing, the casing is equipped with the mud pump that is equipped with mud pump intercommunication, the mud pump with the control cabinet electricity is connected, the three-way valve is used for discharging unnecessary activated sludge, the aeration bucket is close to one side sliding connection of sliding tube has the sliding plate, the sliding plate rigid coupling has the mud pipeline that send, the sliding plate with mud pipeline intercommunication is taken out, mud pipeline with electric turbofan rotates to be connected, electric turbofan is close to evenly distributed's one side rigid coupling of moving the filler plate has the mud spraying head, mud pipeline penetration electric turbofan with the mud spraying head intercommunication.
In addition, as a further preferable scheme, the sliding plate is matched with the aeration bucket to form a cavity, the sliding plate is communicated with the mud conveying pipeline and the mud pumping pipeline through the cavities of the sliding plate, and the width of the cavity of the sliding plate, which is close to one side of the mud conveying pipeline, is larger than the width of the cavity, which is far away from one side of the mud conveying pipeline.
In addition, as a further preferable scheme, the application method of the integrated sewage treatment device comprises the following specific steps:
s1: firstly, discharging domestic sewage into a containing barrel through a filter end cover, and heating a warm water pipe through a heating pipeline in cold seasons;
s2: the control console collects the data of the electronic buoy so as to master the content of the domestic sewage in the holding barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel, controls the adjacent telescopic brackets to stretch and retract by controlling the first electric push rod, so that the warm water pipe moves synchronously along with the content of the domestic sewage in the adjacent holding barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel, and keeps the temperature of the domestic sewage in the holding barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel;
s3: when sewage is treated, firstly, a water suction pump communicated with the holding barrel and the aeration barrel is started, and domestic living sewage in the holding barrel is pumped into the aeration barrel;
s4: when the device is not used for the first time, a multistage electric push rod on the sedimentation barrel is started to work, so that the multistage electric push rod drives the mud guard and parts on the mud guard to slowly move downwards until the detection piece contacts with activated sludge in the sedimentation barrel, drives the movable disc to rotate, and separates the activated sludge in the sedimentation barrel from supernatant;
S5: starting a water suction pump on the precipitation barrel to pump out supernatant liquid and discharge the supernatant liquid, then resetting a mud guard and parts on the mud guard through controlling a multi-stage electric push rod, controlling a sludge pump to work through a control console when the aeration barrel carries out microbial aeration treatment on domestic sewage in the aeration barrel, enabling activated sludge in the precipitation barrel to flow back into the aeration barrel, and discharging redundant activated sludge;
s6: after sewage is pumped into the aeration barrel, the control console collects electronic float data in the aeration barrel, and adjusts the sliding barrel to move together with the electric turbofan by controlling the second electric push rod, the sliding barrel synchronously adjusts the aeration quantity of the aeration pipeline by the first hydraulic telescopic rod and the second hydraulic telescopic rod, and drives the mud feeding pipeline to move together with the sliding plate by the electric turbofan to adjust the total quantity of activated sludge flowing back from the sedimentation barrel into the aeration barrel, and then the electric turbofan and the blast aerator are started to perform microbial aeration treatment;
s7: after the treatment of the domestic sewage in the aeration barrel is completed, the control console closes the electric turbofan, drives the parts connected with the electric turbofan to reset through the second electric push rod, and then starts the water suction pump communicated with the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel to suck the domestic sewage in the aeration barrel into the sedimentation barrel for sedimentation treatment.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that at least:
1. according to the invention, the warm water pipes are arranged on the outer sides of the holding barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel, meanwhile, the water levels of the living sewage in the holding barrel, the aeration barrel and the sedimentation barrel are detected through the electronic buoy, the height of the warm water pipes is adjusted through the first electric push rod, the heat of hot water in the warm water pipes is fully utilized, and the heat utilization rate is improved.
2. According to the invention, the flowing direction of living sewage in the aeration barrel is limited by the cooperation of the fixed barrel, the sliding barrel and the electric turbofan, and meanwhile, the floating speed of micro bubbles sprayed out of the aeration pipeline is slowed down by the circulating flow of the living sewage, so that the contact time of the micro bubbles and the filler is prolonged, and the metabolism rate of microorganisms attached to the filler is improved.
3. According to the invention, the electronic buoy is used for detecting the water level of domestic sewage in the aeration bucket, the sliding cylinder and the electric turbofan are driven to move by the second electric push rod, so that the height of the sliding cylinder is always suitable for the current water level of domestic sewage, and meanwhile, the aeration amount of the aeration pipeline is adjusted by mutually driving the sliding cylinder, the first hydraulic telescopic rod and the second hydraulic telescopic rod, so that excessive aeration or insufficient aeration is avoided, and the filtration efficiency of microorganisms attached to the filler is influenced.
4. According to the invention, the content of the activated sludge in the sedimentation barrel is detected by the detection part, and the supernatant and the activated sludge in the sedimentation barrel are blocked by the mud guard, the fixed disc and the movable disc, so that the activated sludge is prevented from being mixed into the supernatant discharged by the water discharge pipeline, and the quality of the discharged supernatant is ensured.
5. According to the invention, the sliding plate and the mud conveying pipeline move along with the electric turbofan, the amount of the backflow activated sludge is adjusted according to the water level of the domestic wastewater in the aeration barrel, so that the excessive or insufficient backflow activated sludge is prevented from affecting the microbial content in the aeration barrel, and the treatment effect on the domestic wastewater is further reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a holding tank, an aeration tank and a sedimentation tank according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the aeration tank, the water pump and the expansion bracket of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the fixed cylinder, the sliding cylinder and the electric turbofan of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the aeration tank, the fixed cylinder and the sliding cylinder of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a second electric putter, a movable packing plate and a fixed packing plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of an aeration pipe, a second hydraulic telescopic rod and a transmission gear according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a precipitation tub, a fender and a movable disk according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the moving disc, dome stud and first resilient member of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic perspective view of the aeration tank, precipitation tank and sludge feeding pipeline of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic perspective view of a sliding plate, a mud feeding pipe and a mud spraying head according to the present invention.
The marks of the components in the drawings are as follows: 1. the device comprises a shell, 2, a filter end cover, 3, a containing barrel, 4, an aeration barrel, 5, a sedimentation barrel, 6, a telescopic frame, 7, a first electric push rod, 8, a warm water pipe, 9, a water suction pump, 10, an electronic float, 11, a fixed cylinder, 12, a sliding cylinder, 13, a second electric push rod, 14, an electric turbofan, 15, a movable packing plate, 16, a fixed packing plate, 17, an aeration pipeline, 18, a first hydraulic telescopic rod, 19, a second hydraulic telescopic rod, 20, a transmission gear, 21, a multistage electric push rod, 22, a mud guard, 23, a water discharge pipeline, 24, a fixed disc, 25, a movable disc, 26, a dome boss, 27, a first elastic piece, 261, an elastic force sensor, 28, a detection piece, 29, a second elastic piece, 30, an arc plate, 31, a mud suction pipeline, 32, a sludge pump, 33, a three-way valve, 34, a sliding plate, 35, a mud delivery pipeline, 36 and a mud spraying head.
Detailed Description
The following description of the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clear and complete, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. In the description of the present invention, unless explicitly stated and limited otherwise, the terms "mounted" and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and for example, may be fixedly connected, may be detachably connected, or may be integrally connected, directly or indirectly connected through intermediaries. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the specific meaning of the terms in this application is based on the embodiments of the present invention and that all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without making any inventive effort are within the scope of the present invention.
Example 1: an integrated sewage treatment device, referring to fig. 1-4, comprises a shell 1, a flip-type filter end cover 2 and a control console are fixedly connected at the upper part of the outer side of the shell 1, a holding barrel 3, an aeration barrel 4 and a sedimentation barrel 5 are fixedly connected in parallel in the shell 1 from right to left, the holding barrel 3 is positioned below the filter end cover 2, three groups of uniformly distributed expansion brackets 6 and uniformly distributed first electric push rods 7 are fixedly connected in the shell 1, when the adjacent first electric push rods 7 extend out, the adjacent expansion brackets 6 extend upwards, the expansion brackets 6 are fixedly connected with uniformly distributed warm water pipes 8 through brackets, the warm water pipes 8 are made of hard plastic materials, the adjacent warm water pipes 8 are mutually communicated through hoses, and the uppermost warm water pipe 8 and the lowermost warm water pipe 8 are communicated through hoses with a heating pipeline, and a user introduces hot water into the heating pipeline, the evenly distributed warm water pipes 8 close to the holding barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5 are respectively positioned at the outer side of the holding barrel 3, the outer side of the aeration barrel 4 and the outer side of the sedimentation barrel 5, the holding barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5 are heated and insulated, the activity of microorganisms in the aeration barrel 4 is ensured, meanwhile, the living sewage in the holding barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5 is ensured not to be frozen, two water pumps 9 are arranged in the shell 1, water pumping pipes are arranged in the two water pumps 9, the aeration barrel 4 pumps living sewage from the holding barrel 3 through the water pumping pipes, the sedimentation barrel 5 pumps living sewage from the aeration barrel 4 through the water pumping pipes, electronic floats 10 are respectively arranged in the holding barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5 and are respectively used for detecting the water levels of the living sewage in the holding barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5, an aeration mechanism for treating sewage is arranged in the aeration bucket 4, and a water suction pump 9, a first electric push rod 7, an electronic buoy 10 and the aeration mechanism are all electrically connected with a control console.
Referring to fig. 4-6, the aeration mechanism comprises a fixed cylinder 11, the fixed cylinder 11 is fixedly connected to the bottom side surface in the aeration barrel 4, four through holes for guaranteeing the sewage to circulate are arranged at the lower side of the fixed cylinder 11, a sliding cylinder 12 is connected to the outer side of the fixed cylinder 11 in a sliding way, the fixed cylinder 11 is fixedly connected with a second electric push rod 13 coaxial with the sliding cylinder 12, the telescopic end of the second electric push rod 13 is rotatably connected with an electric turbofan 14, the rotation of the electric turbofan 14 does not push microbubbles in the domestic sewage to move downwards, eight movable filling plates 15 which are uniformly distributed are fixedly connected to the upper side of the telescopic end of the second electric push rod 13, the eight movable filling plates 15 are fixedly connected with the sliding cylinder 12, eight fixed packing plates 16 which are uniformly distributed are fixedly connected to the fixing part of the second electric push rod 13, the eight fixed packing plates 16 are fixedly connected with the fixing cylinder 11, packing is installed in each of the movable packing plates 15 and the fixed packing plates 16, the packing is an existing device and is used for improving the distribution volume of microorganisms in sewage, the eight fixed packing plates 16 and the eight movable packing plates 15 are distributed in a staggered mode in the horizontal direction, retraction of the telescopic end of the second electric push rod 13 is not hindered, packing density is increased when the telescopic end of the second electric push rod 13 is retracted, the affected range of the packing is increased when the telescopic end of the second electric push rod 13 is extended, an air supply assembly used for supplying air is arranged in the aeration barrel 4, and the second electric push rod 13, the electric turbofan 14 and the air supply assembly are all electrically connected with a control console.
Referring to fig. 5-7, the air supply assembly comprises an aeration pipe 17, the aeration pipe 17 is fixedly connected in the aeration barrel 4, the aeration pipe 17 is positioned at the inner side of the fixed barrel 11, the height of the aeration pipe 17 is higher than that of a through hole at the lower side of the fixed barrel 11, micro bubbles sprayed out of the aeration pipe 17 are prevented from directly drifting from the through hole at the lower side of the fixed barrel 11 to the outer side of the fixed barrel 11, an evenly distributed aeration spray head is arranged at the upper side of the aeration pipe 17, the lower side of the aeration pipe 17 is communicated with a blast aerator through a pipe, the blast aerator is an existing mechanism, not shown in the drawing, the blast aerator is communicated with the aeration barrel 4 through a hose, the blast aerator sucks oxygen and sewage in the aeration barrel 4 through the hose, fully mixed and then sprays from the aeration spray head into the aeration barrel 4, the inner bottom side of the aeration barrel 4 is fixedly connected with a first hydraulic telescopic rod 18, the telescopic end of the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 is fixedly connected with the sliding cylinder 12, the upper side of the aeration cylinder 4 is transversely fixedly connected with a second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 which is communicated with the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 through a hose, the lower side of the aeration pipeline 17 is provided with a rotary valve, the telescopic end of the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 is fixedly connected with a rack, the rotary valve of the aeration pipeline 17 is fixedly connected with a transmission gear 20 which is meshed with the rack at the telescopic end of the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19, the outer sides of the rack at the telescopic end of the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 and the transmission gear 20 are sleeved with a waterproof shell, which is not shown in the waterproof shell, when the telescopic end of the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 moves downwards along with the sliding cylinder 12, the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 drives the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 to drive the upper rack to drive the transmission gear 20 to rotate, the rotary valve on the aeration pipeline 17 to rotate towards the closing direction, the gas quantity of the aeration pipeline 17 is reduced, and excessive aeration is prevented, when the telescopic end of the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 moves upwards along with the sliding cylinder 12, the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 drives the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 to drive the transmission gear 20 to rotate, so that the rotary valve on the aeration pipeline 17 rotates towards the opening direction, the aeration quantity of the aeration pipeline 17 is increased, the aeration machine is suitable for the volume change of sewage, and the blast aerator is electrically connected with the control console.
In the daily use process, a user discharges domestic sewage generated in daily life into the accommodating barrel 3 through the filter end cover 2, the user observes data of the electronic float 10 in the accommodating barrel 3 through the control console at any time, so that the user observes the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel 3 artificially, when the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel 3 is about to be full, or the time of the timing treatment is reached, the domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel 3 needs to be emptied to prevent excessive accumulation, the user starts the water pump 9 (the following manual operation steps can be independently started and operated through a program) which is communicated with the accommodating barrel 3 and the aeration barrel 4 through the control console, the water pump 9 works to pump the domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel 3 into the aeration barrel 4 through the water pumping pipeline, the electronic float 10 in the accommodating barrel 3 is ready for aeration treatment, and the electronic float 10 in the aeration barrel 4 is lifted along with the domestic sewage water level.
After the domestic sewage in the holding barrel 3 is completely discharged into the aeration barrel 4, a user turns off the water suction pump 9 through the control console, the control console starts the second electric push rod 13 to drive the sliding barrel 12 and parts on the sliding barrel to move upwards together by detecting data returned in the electronic buoy 10, the sliding barrel 12 is controlled to be lower than the liquid level of the domestic sewage at the uppermost part, the sliding barrel 12 drives the telescopic end of the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 to move upwards together while following the telescopic end of the second electric push rod 13, the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 draws hydraulic oil from the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19, the telescopic end of the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 drives a rack fixedly connected with the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 to transversely move, the rack on the telescopic end of the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19 drives the transmission gear 20 to rotate, and the transmission gear 20 rotates to drive a valve on the aeration pipeline 17 to be synchronously opened, so that the aeration quantity of the aeration pipeline 17 is adjusted according to the content of the domestic sewage in the aeration barrel 4, microorganisms on the aeration is prevented from being dispersed or the microorganisms on the aeration caused by insufficient aeration, and the control console turns off the second electric push rod 13 after the telescopic end of the second electric push rod 13 moves to the nearby water surface.
After the control console closes the second electric push rod 13, the electric turbofan 14 is synchronously started to work, the electric turbofan 14 rotates to drive domestic sewage to slowly circulate, so that the domestic sewage flows downwards at the inner side of the fixed cylinder 11 and the inner side of the sliding cylinder 12, the domestic sewage flows downwards through the movable packing plate 15 and the packing arranged on the fixed packing plate 16, after passing through the through holes at the lower side of the fixed cylinder 11, flows upwards from the outer side of the fixed cylinder 11 and the outer side of the sliding cylinder 12, then the control console starts a blast aerator communicated with the aeration pipeline 17, the blast aerator extracts the domestic sewage in the aeration barrel 4 through a hose, and fully mixes the domestic sewage with oxygen-enriched air and then sprays the domestic sewage to the inner side of the fixed cylinder 11 through the aeration pipeline 17, at the moment, the mixed microbubbles in the domestic sewage sprayed by the aeration pipeline 17 float upwards, but the domestic sewage at the inner side of the fixed cylinder 11 slowly flows downwards and the floating direction of the microbubbles, the floating speed of the microbubbles is blocked, the time of the microbubbles in contact with the packing is prolonged, the metabolism speed of the microorganisms on the packing is increased, and the filtering efficiency of the domestic sewage is improved.
When the control console starts the blast aerator, the control console informs a user to manually slowly add a proper amount of activated sludge into the aeration tank 4 according to the content of the domestic sewage in the aeration tank 4, so as to increase the active microorganisms in the aeration tank 4, and then the domestic sewage is treated.
When domestic sewage is treated for the first time, no content exists in the sedimentation tank 5, a user does not need to empty the sedimentation tank 5, but in the subsequent use process, the user needs to pump out supernatant in the domestic sewage which is fully sedimented in the sedimentation tank 5 in the process of treating the domestic sewage by the aeration tank 4, the supernatant is discharged outwards, sludge in the sedimentation tank 5 is pumped to a uniformly stacked place, the sedimentation tank 5 is emptied to facilitate subsequent sedimentation of the domestic sewage, and villages can still drain the domestic sewage into the holding tank 3 at the moment.
When the domestic sewage in the aeration barrel 4 is completely qualified after being treated for a certain time, the control console closes the electric turbofan 14 and the blast aerator, drives the parts thereon to reset together by controlling the second electric push rod 13, and simultaneously discharges the domestic sewage treated in the aeration barrel 4 into the sedimentation barrel 5 by starting the water suction pump 9 communicated with the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5, and waits for the domestic sewage in the sedimentation barrel 5 to be discharged after being completely precipitated.
Under the cold weather condition, the user lets in circulating hot water to the heating pipeline with warm water pipe 8 intercommunication, guarantees the temperature of aeration bucket 4, makes its interior microorganism normal work, prevents simultaneously to hold the sewage in bucket 3 and the sedimentation tank 5 and freezes, influences subsequent treatment process.
When the control console detects the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating bucket 3, the aeration bucket 4 and the sedimentation bucket 5 through the electronic buoy 10, the adjacent first electric push rods 7 are synchronously adjusted, the control console indirectly controls the telescopic ends of the first electric push rods 7 to extend along with the increase of the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating bucket 3 when the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating bucket 3 is small, the control console controls the first electric push rods 7 to retract, the first electric push rods 7 drive the adjacent telescopic brackets 6 to retract downwards, the telescopic brackets 6 drive the adjacent warm water pipes 8 to retract downwards in equal proportion, the distance between the adjacent warm water pipes 8 outside the accommodating bucket 3 is reduced, the heat of the warm water pipes 8 is prevented from heating the air in the accommodating bucket 3 to cause heat waste, so that the fuel waste of the warm water pipes 8 is saved, when the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating bucket 3 is gradually increased, the telescopic ends of the first electric push rods 7 are indirectly controlled to extend along with the increase of the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating bucket 3, and the first electric push rods 7 drive the adjacent telescopic brackets 6 to rise, so that the distance between the adjacent warm water pipes 8 is driven to increase, and the warm water pipes 8 heat the domestic sewage in the accommodating bucket 3 fully.
Example 2: based on embodiment 1, refer to fig. 2, fig. 8 and fig. 9, still including setting up in the separation mechanism of sedimentation tank 5, separation mechanism is used for separating activated silt and supernatant in the sedimentation tank 5, separation mechanism is including multistage electric putter 21, multistage electric putter 21 passes through the support rigid coupling in the upside of sedimentation tank 5, the flexible end of multistage electric putter 21 is downwards and the rigid coupling has fender 22, fender 22 and sedimentation tank 5 cooperation, fender 22 is provided with the U-shaped board that is used for dodging electronic float 10, the outside rigid coupling of sedimentation tank 5 has the drain pump, fender 22 rigid coupling has the drain pipe 23 with the drain pump intercommunication, drain pipe 23 is the elastic hose, one side that drain pipe 23 kept away from fender 22 pierces through shell 1 and communicates with the external world, be used for discharging sewage, fender 22 is equipped with the through-hole, the downside rigid coupling in the through-hole of fender 22 has fixed disc 24, the upside rotation in the through-hole of fender 22 is connected with movable disc 25, movable disc 25 and fixed disc 24 all are equipped with evenly distributed and equi-large through-hole, and movable disc 25 and fixed disc 24 rotate and are connected, fender 25 and fixed disc 24 are provided with the rotation, be used for dodging pump 25, when movable disc 25 is equipped with the U-shaped plate for dodging, the side of electronic float 10, the top 25 is used for detecting the elastic force transducer assembly is used for detecting the top-spring 27, 261 is high, the top of the top has, the elastic force transducer is used for detecting the top-spring assembly is set up, the top-shaped electronic transducer is connected with the elastic transducer is used for detecting the top-shaped, and has the top-shaped electronic transducer has been used for detecting the top-shaped, and has been used for and has been moved.
Referring to fig. 8 and 9, the detecting assembly includes a detecting member 28, the detecting member 28 is connected to the mud guard 22 in a vertical sliding manner, the detecting member 28 is composed of a vertical sliding rod and a flat plate, the density of the flat plate on the detecting member 28 is greater than that of water and smaller than that of activated sludge, a second elastic member 29 is fixedly connected between the detecting member 28 and the mud guard 22, the second elastic member 29 is set as a spring, the elastic force of the second elastic member 29 is smaller than that of the first elastic member 27, the elastic force of the second elastic member 29 and the first elastic member 27 is smaller than that of the activated sludge on the flat plate on the detecting member 28, the detecting member 28 cannot influence the detection of the activated sludge, an arc plate 30 is fixedly connected to the moving disc 25, an inclined sliding groove is formed in the arc plate 30, a strut matched with the sliding groove on the arc plate 30 is fixedly connected to the upper side of the detecting member 28, the inclined groove on the arc plate 30 is 45 degrees, and is equal to half of the angle between two adjacent through holes on the moving disc 25, when the detecting member 28 moves up and down relative to the mud guard 22, the detecting member 28 rotates the arc plate 30 through the strut, so that the through the strut 30 rotates the arc plate 30, the through the strut 45 degrees on the moving disc, and the through the moving disc 24 is offset with the fixed through holes 24.
Referring to fig. 3, 4, 10 and 11, the device further comprises a backflow mechanism for backflow of activated sludge and supplementing the microorganism content in the aeration tank 4, the backflow mechanism is arranged in the shell 1, the backflow mechanism comprises a sludge pumping pipeline 31, the sludge pumping pipeline 31 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the aeration tank 4, a sludge pump 32 is arranged at the bottom side of the inner part of the shell 1, the sludge pumping pipeline 31 is simultaneously communicated with the aeration tank 4, the sludge pump 32 and the sedimentation tank 5, a three-way valve 33 is arranged on the sludge pumping pipeline 31, the three-way valve 33 is used for discharging redundant activated sludge, when the sludge pumping pipeline 31 conveys the activated sludge from the sedimentation tank 5 to the aeration tank 4, the redundant activated sludge is discharged outwards from the three-way valve 33 to the activated sludge accumulation position, a sliding plate 34 is slidingly connected to the upper side of the aeration tank 4, a sludge conveying pipeline 35 rotationally connected with the electric turbofan 14 is fixedly connected to the sliding plate 34, the sliding plate 34 is provided with a through hole, the sliding plate 34 and the aeration tank 4 are matched to form a cavity, the width of the cross section of the cavity is gradually increased from top to bottom, the sliding plate 34 is communicated with the mud conveying pipeline 35 and the mud pumping pipeline 31 through the cavity, when the electric turbofan 14 moves downwards, the electric turbofan 14 drives the mud conveying pipeline 35 and the sliding plate 34 to move downwards synchronously, the communication area between the sliding plate 34 and the mud pumping pipeline 31 is reduced, the flow rate of activated mud flowing into the mud conveying pipeline 35 in unit time is reduced, the lower side of the electric turbofan 14 is fixedly connected with a mud spraying head 36 communicated with the mud conveying pipeline 35, the activated mud is uniformly dispersed in the aeration tank 4 by uniformly spraying the activated mud into the aeration tank 4 when the mud spraying head 36 rotates, and the sludge pump 32 is electrically connected with a control console.
When a user discharges domestic sewage into the aeration bucket 4, the domestic sewage which is precipitated in the precipitation bucket 5 is required to be discharged outwards in advance, the user controls the multistage electric push rod 21 to work through the control console, the telescopic end of the multistage electric push rod 21 drives the mud guard 22 to slowly move downwards together with the upper parts of the mud guard 22, at the moment, through holes on the fixed disc 24 and the movable disc 25 are in a communicating state, and supernatant liquid of the domestic sewage in the precipitation bucket 5 gradually flows to the upper side of the mud guard 22 through the through holes on the fixed disc 24 and the movable disc 25 until a detection part 28 at the lower side of the mud guard 22 is in contact with activated sludge in the precipitation bucket 5.
When the detecting element 28 contacts with activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 5, because the density of the lower flat plate of the detecting element 28 is larger than that of water and smaller than that of the activated sludge, the detecting element 28 falls normally in water, but is blocked from continuing to fall along with the mud guard 22 when the activated sludge is encountered, the mud guard 22 continues to move downwards, the detecting element 28 moves upwards relative to the mud guard 22, the second elastic element 29 stores force, the detecting element 28 enables the arc plate 30 to rotate anticlockwise along the upper sliding groove of the detecting element through the upper supporting rod, the arc plate 30 drives the movable disc 25 to rotate together, the movable disc 25 and the fixed disc 24 rotate relatively, the through holes of the movable disc 25 and the fixed disc 24 are gradually dislocated, the first elastic element 27 stores force, when the upper supporting rod of the detecting element 28 moves to the uppermost end of the upper sliding groove of the arc plate 30, the arc plate 30 stops rotating, the through holes on the movable disc 25 and the through holes on the fixed disc 24 are completely dislocated, and the supernatant of domestic sewage cannot circulate from the through holes at the moment, and the first elastic element 27 stores force completely.
The elastic force sensor 261 judges whether the through hole on the movable disc 25 and the through hole on the fixed disc 24 are completely misplaced through detecting the elastic force accumulated by the first elastic member 27, after the elastic force sensor 261 detects that the first elastic member 27 is completely accumulated, a signal is transmitted to the control console, a user closes the multi-stage electric push rod 21 through the control console and starts the water suction pump 9 communicated with the water discharge pipeline 23 to suck and discharge the supernatant of the domestic sewage in the sedimentation tank 5 outwards, and at the moment, the water discharge pipeline 23 sucks the supernatant without accidentally sucking the activated sludge at the lower side of the sedimentation tank 5 because the mud guard 22 separates the supernatant of the domestic sewage in the sedimentation tank 5 from the activated sludge, so that the quality of the discharged supernatant is ensured.
When the water suction pump 9 communicated with the water drain pipeline 23 completely evacuates supernatant of the domestic sewage in the sedimentation tank 5, the control console turns off the water suction pump 9 and controls the multi-stage electric push rod 21 to drive the mud guard 22 and parts thereon to reversely operate and reset.
When the second electric push rod 13 drives the sliding cylinder 12 to move upwards together according to the content of the domestic sewage in the aeration bucket 4, the electric turbofan 14 drives the mud conveying pipeline 35 and the sliding plate 34 to move upwards together, and the sliding plate 34 moves upwards while changing the communication area between the sliding plate 34 and the mud pumping pipeline 31, so that the communication area between the sliding plate 34 and the mud pumping pipeline 31 is continuously increased, and the reflux amount of the activated sludge in unit time is synchronously increased according to the increase of the content of the domestic sewage in the aeration bucket 4.
While the control console starts the blast aerator to carry out aeration treatment on the domestic sewage in the aeration tank 4, the control console synchronously starts the sludge pump 32, slowly pumps the activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 5 into the sludge pumping pipeline 31, the activated sludge is shunted when passing through the three-way valve 33, a part of the activated sludge is refluxed into the aeration tank 4 to complete aeration treatment in a matched manner, a part of the activated sludge is discharged to the accumulation position of the activated sludge, and the quantity of the activated sludge refluxed into the aeration tank 4 is positively correlated with the communication area of the sliding plate 34 and the sludge pumping pipeline 31.
After the control console returns the activated sludge in the aeration tank 4 for a certain time, the total content of the activated sludge introduced into the aeration tank 4 is adjusted by controlling the return flow of the activated sludge in unit time, and the control console controls the three-way valve 33 to enable the three-way valve 33 to close the channel for conveying the activated sludge into the aeration tank 4, so that the sludge suction pipeline 31 is only used for discharging the activated sludge in the precipitation tank 5.
Example 3: based on the embodiment 2, a use method of the integrated sewage treatment device comprises the following specific steps:
s1: firstly, domestic sewage is discharged into the containing barrel 3 through the filter end cover 2, and is heated in the warm water pipe 8 through the heating pipeline in cold seasons;
S2: the control console collects data of the electronic floats 10 to master the content of the domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5, controls the adjacent telescopic frame 6 to stretch and retract by controlling the first electric push rod 7, so that the warm water pipe 8 moves synchronously along with the content of the domestic sewage in the adjacent accommodating barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5, and keeps the temperature of the domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel 3, the aeration barrel 4 and the sedimentation barrel 5;
s3: when sewage is treated, firstly, a water suction pump 9 which is communicated with the holding barrel 3 and the aeration barrel 4 is started, and the living sewage in the holding barrel 3 is pumped into the aeration barrel 4;
s4: when the sedimentation tank is not used for the first time, the multistage electric push rod 21 on the sedimentation tank 5 is started to work, so that the multistage electric push rod 21 drives the mud guard 22 and parts on the mud guard 22 to move downwards slowly until the detection piece 28 contacts with activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 5, and drives the movable disc 25 to rotate, so that the activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 5 is separated from supernatant;
s5: starting a water suction pump 9 on the sedimentation tank 5 to pump out supernatant liquid for discharge, then resetting a mud guard 22 and parts on the mud guard 22 by controlling a multi-stage electric push rod 21, and controlling a sludge pump 32 to work by a control console when the aeration tank 4 carries out microbial aeration treatment on the domestic sewage in the mud guard, so that activated sludge in the sedimentation tank 5 flows back into the aeration tank 4, and simultaneously discharging redundant activated sludge;
S6: after sewage is pumped into the aeration tank 4, the control console collects data of the electronic buoy 10 in the aeration tank 4, and adjusts the sliding cylinder 12 to move together with the electric turbofan 14 by controlling the second electric push rod 13, the sliding cylinder 12 synchronously adjusts the aeration quantity of the aeration pipeline 17 through the first hydraulic telescopic rod 18 and the second hydraulic telescopic rod 19, and drives the mud feeding pipeline 35 and the sliding plate 34 to move together through the electric turbofan 14 so as to adjust the total quantity of active sludge flowing back from the sedimentation tank 5 into the aeration tank 4, and then the electric turbofan 14 and the blast aerator are started to perform microbial aeration treatment;
s7: after the treatment of the domestic sewage in the aeration tank 4 is completed, the control console closes the electric turbofan 14 and drives the parts connected with the electric turbofan to reset through the second electric push rod 13, and then the control console starts the water suction pump 9 communicated with the aeration tank 4 and the sedimentation tank 5 to suck the domestic sewage in the aeration tank 4 into the sedimentation tank 5 for sedimentation treatment.
The embodiments described above are intended to provide those skilled in the art with a full range of modifications and variations to the embodiments described above without departing from the inventive concept thereof, and therefore the scope of the invention is not limited by the embodiments described above, but is to be accorded the broadest scope consistent with the innovative features recited in the claims.

Claims (8)

1. An integrated sewage treatment device is characterized in that: the device comprises a shell (1), a filter end cover (2) and a control console are fixedly connected to the outer side of the shell (1), a containing barrel (3), an aeration barrel (4) and a sedimentation barrel (5) are fixedly connected to the inner side of the shell (1), the containing barrel (3) is located below the filter end cover (2), a uniformly distributed telescopic bracket (6) and a uniformly distributed first electric push rod (7) are fixedly connected to the inner side of the shell (1), the telescopic bracket (6) is matched with the adjacent first electric push rod (7), the telescopic bracket (6) is fixedly connected with a uniformly distributed warm water pipe (8) through a bracket, the warm water pipe (8) which is close to the containing barrel (3), the aeration barrel (4) and the sedimentation barrel (5) are uniformly distributed and are located on the outer side of the containing barrel (3), the adjacent warm water pipes (8) are mutually communicated through hoses, the two evenly distributed warm water pipes (8) are far away from each other in the water pipe (8) and are communicated with the water pipe (4) through the water pipe (4) which is communicated with the water pipe (4), the water suction pipeline is provided with a water suction pump (9) fixedly connected with the shell (1), the accommodating barrel (3), the aeration barrel (4) and the sedimentation barrel (5) are respectively connected with an electronic buoy (10) electrically connected with the control console through brackets in a sliding manner, and an aeration mechanism for treating sewage and electrically connected with the control console is arranged in the aeration barrel (4);
The aeration mechanism comprises a fixed cylinder (11), the fixed cylinder (11) is fixedly connected in the aeration barrel (4), a through hole for guaranteeing sewage to circulate is formed in the lower side of the fixed cylinder (11), the fixed cylinder (11) is connected with a sliding cylinder (12) in a sliding manner, the aeration barrel (4) is fixedly connected with a second electric push rod (13) electrically connected with the control console in the fixed cylinder (11), the telescopic end of the second electric push rod (13) is rotationally connected with an electric turbofan (14) electrically connected with the control console, the telescopic end of the second electric push rod (13) is fixedly connected with a movable filler plate (15) which is uniformly distributed on one side close to the electric turbofan (14), the movable filler plate (15) which is uniformly distributed is fixedly connected with the sliding cylinder (12), the fixed part of the second electric push rod (13) is fixedly connected with a fixed filler plate (16) which is uniformly distributed, the fixed filler plate (16) which is uniformly distributed is fixedly connected with the fixed cylinder (11), and the movable filler plate (15) and the fixed filler plate (16) are electrically connected with the control console, and the aeration assembly (4) is arranged in the aeration mechanism;
The air feed assembly comprises an aeration pipeline (17), the aeration pipeline (17) is fixedly connected in the aeration barrel (4), the height of the aeration pipeline (17) is higher than that of a through hole at the lower side of the fixed barrel (11), one side of the aeration pipeline (17) close to the sliding barrel (12) is provided with an aeration spray head which is uniformly distributed, the aeration pipeline (17) is communicated with a blowing type aeration machine through a pipeline, the blowing type aeration machine is electrically connected with a control console, the blowing type aeration machine is communicated with the aeration barrel (4) through a hose, a first hydraulic telescopic rod (18) is fixedly connected in the aeration barrel (4), the telescopic end of the first hydraulic telescopic rod (18) is fixedly connected with the sliding barrel (12), one side of the aeration barrel (4) close to the aeration pipeline (17) is fixedly connected with a second hydraulic telescopic rod (19), the first hydraulic telescopic rod (18) is communicated with the second hydraulic telescopic rod (19) through a hose, the aeration pipeline (17) is provided with a rotary valve, and the rotary valve (17) is fixedly connected with a second hydraulic telescopic rod (20) through a rotary gear (20).
2. An integrated sewage treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the fixed packing plates (16) and the movable packing plates (15) which are uniformly distributed are distributed in a staggered mode, and the fixed cylinder (11), the sliding cylinder (12) and the second electric push rod (13) are coaxial.
3. An integrated sewage treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the device comprises a sedimentation barrel (5), a blocking mechanism for blocking activated sludge and supernatant in the sedimentation barrel (5), the blocking mechanism is arranged in the sedimentation barrel (5), the blocking mechanism comprises a multi-stage electric push rod (21) electrically connected with a control console, the multi-stage electric push rod (21) is fixedly connected with the upper side of the sedimentation barrel (5) through a bracket, a mud baffle (22) is fixedly connected with the telescopic end of the multi-stage electric push rod (21), the mud baffle (22) is in sliding connection with the sedimentation barrel (5), a drainage pump is fixedly connected with the outer side of the sedimentation barrel (5), the mud baffle (22) is fixedly connected with a drainage pipeline (23) communicated with the drainage pump, the mud baffle (22) is provided with a through hole, a fixed disc (24) is fixedly connected in the through hole of the mud baffle (22), the through hole of the mud baffle (22) is rotationally connected with a movable disc (25), the movable disc (25) is provided with a through hole which is uniformly distributed and is equal in size, the fixed disc (24) is fixedly connected with a dome (261) which is fixedly connected with a first elastic sensor (261), the mud guard (22) is provided with a detection assembly for detecting the height of the activated sludge.
4. An integrated wastewater treatment plant according to claim 3, characterized in that: the detection assembly comprises a detection piece (28), the detection piece (28) is connected with the mud guard (22) in a sliding mode, a second elastic piece (29) is fixedly connected between the detection piece (28) and the mud guard (22), a supporting rod is fixedly connected on one side, close to the moving disc (25), of the detection piece (28), and an arc-shaped plate (30) matched with the supporting rod on the detection piece (28) is fixedly connected on the moving disc (25).
5. The integrated sewage treatment device according to claim 4, wherein: the arc (30) is provided with a chute, the arc (30) is matched with the supporting rod on the detecting piece (28) through the chute on the arc, and the angle between two adjacent through holes on the moving disc (25) is equal to twice the rotation angle of the chute on the arc (30).
6. The integrated sewage treatment device according to claim 4, wherein: still including the backflow mechanism of backward flow activated sludge, backflow mechanism set up in shell (1), backflow mechanism is including taking out mud pipe (31), take out mud pipe (31) communicate in sedimentation tank (5), take out mud pipe (31) with aeration tank (4) rigid coupling, shell (1) install with sludge pump (32) that take out mud pipe (31) communicate, sludge pump (32) with the control cabinet electricity is connected, three-way valve (33) are installed to mud pipe (31), three-way valve (33) are used for discharging unnecessary activated sludge, aeration tank (4) are close to one side sliding connection of slide cylinder (12) has sliding plate (34), sliding plate (34) rigid coupling has mud conveying pipe (35), sliding plate (34) with mud conveying pipe (35) with take out mud pipe (31) intercommunication, mud conveying pipe (35) with electric turbofan (14) rotate and are connected, electric turbofan (14) are close to electric turbofan (36) and are moved and are had filler (36) to be connected with one side of the turbofan (14) mud-jet head (36).
7. The integrated sewage treatment device according to claim 6, wherein: the sliding plate (34) is matched with the aeration bucket (4) to form a cavity, the sliding plate (34) is communicated with the mud conveying pipeline (35) and the mud pumping pipeline (31) through the cavity of the sliding plate, and the width of the cavity of the sliding plate (34) close to one side of the mud conveying pipeline (35) is larger than that of the cavity close to one side of the mud conveying pipeline (35).
8. An application method of an integrated sewage treatment device, based on the integrated sewage treatment device of claim 7, is characterized in that: the method comprises the following specific steps:
s1: firstly, domestic sewage is discharged into a containing barrel (3) through a filter end cover (2), and is heated into a warm water pipe (8) through a heating pipeline in cold seasons;
s2: the control console collects data of the electronic buoy (10) so as to master the content of domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel (3), the aeration barrel (4) and the sedimentation barrel (5), controls the adjacent telescopic frame (6) to stretch and retract by controlling the first electric push rod (7), so that the warm water pipe (8) synchronously moves along with the content of the domestic sewage in the adjacent accommodating barrel (3), the aeration barrel (4) and the sedimentation barrel (5), and keeps the temperature of the domestic sewage in the accommodating barrel (3), the aeration barrel (4) and the sedimentation barrel (5);
S3: when sewage is treated, firstly, a water suction pump (9) communicated with the holding barrel (3) and the aeration barrel (4) is started to suck the domestic sewage in the holding barrel (3) into the aeration barrel (4);
s4: when the device is not used for the first time, a multi-stage electric push rod (21) on the sedimentation tank (5) is started to work, so that the multi-stage electric push rod (21) drives a mud guard (22) and parts on the mud guard to slowly move downwards until a detection piece (28) contacts with activated sludge in the sedimentation tank (5), and drives a movable disc (25) to rotate, so that the activated sludge in the sedimentation tank (5) is separated from supernatant;
s5: starting a water suction pump (9) on the sedimentation tank (5) to pump out supernatant liquid for discharge, resetting a mud guard (22) and parts on the mud guard by controlling a multi-stage electric push rod (21), controlling a sludge pump (32) to work by a control console when the aeration tank (4) carries out microbial aeration treatment on the domestic sewage in the mud guard, enabling activated sludge in the sedimentation tank (5) to flow back into the aeration tank (4), and discharging redundant activated sludge;
s6: after sewage is pumped into the aeration barrel (4), the control console collects data of an electronic buoy (10) in the aeration barrel (4), and adjusts a sliding cylinder (12) to move together with an electric turbofan (14) by controlling a second electric push rod (13), the sliding cylinder (12) synchronously adjusts aeration quantity of an aeration pipeline (17) through a first hydraulic telescopic rod (18) and a second hydraulic telescopic rod (19), and drives a mud feeding pipeline (35) and a sliding plate (34) to move together through the electric turbofan (14) so as to adjust total quantity of active sludge flowing back into the aeration barrel (4) from the sedimentation barrel (5), and then the electric turbofan (14) and a blast aerator are started to perform microbial aeration treatment;
S7: after the treatment of the sewage in the aeration barrel (4) is completed, the electric turbofan (14) is closed, the second electric push rod (13) drives the parts connected with the electric turbofan to reset, and then the control console starts the water suction pump (9) communicated with the aeration barrel (4) and the sedimentation barrel (5) to suck the sewage in the aeration barrel (4) into the sedimentation barrel (5) for sedimentation treatment.
CN202410025306.6A 2024-01-08 2024-01-08 Integrated sewage treatment device and use method Active CN117550711B (en)

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