CN117398755B - Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state - Google Patents

Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN117398755B
CN117398755B CN202311725524.2A CN202311725524A CN117398755B CN 117398755 B CN117398755 B CN 117398755B CN 202311725524 A CN202311725524 A CN 202311725524A CN 117398755 B CN117398755 B CN 117398755B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lifting rod
inner tube
lifter
groove
linear groove
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202311725524.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN117398755A (en
Inventor
胡建文
王雪松
胡亚非
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHENGDU RUNFENG ELECTRICAL CARBON CO LTD
Original Assignee
CHENGDU RUNFENG ELECTRICAL CARBON CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHENGDU RUNFENG ELECTRICAL CARBON CO LTD filed Critical CHENGDU RUNFENG ELECTRICAL CARBON CO LTD
Priority to CN202311725524.2A priority Critical patent/CN117398755B/en
Publication of CN117398755A publication Critical patent/CN117398755A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN117398755B publication Critical patent/CN117398755B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/29Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation the movement of the filter elements being a combination of movements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Filtering devices having features not specifically covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D33/00, or for applications not specifically covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D33/00; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/18Heating or cooling the filters

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of separation, in particular to a solid-liquid separation device in a vacuum state, which comprises a tank body, an inner cylinder and an outer cylinder, wherein an insulating layer is arranged in the tank body, and the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder are both positioned in the insulating layer. The lifting structure drives the inner cylinder to lift, in the lifting process, the melted filling material is separated from the blank and flows into the outer cylinder through the through hole, unmelted solid material also stays in the inner cylinder, and only the melted filling material enters the outer cylinder, so that solid-liquid separation is efficiently performed.

Description

Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of separation, in particular to a solid-liquid separation device in a vacuum state.
Background
With the rapid development of composite materials, the conventional method for performing composite production and manufacturing by utilizing phase transition of different materials at high temperature in a non-vacuum volume is increasingly unable to meet the requirements of high-end manufacturing industries. In this context, the technology of high-temperature phase-change composite manufacturing of materials in a closed vacuum state is particularly important, but the implementation process faces great challenges. Particularly, in a vacuum state, the separation of solid phase and liquid phase and the quality state of separation directly determine the quality of the composite material.
In the prior art, there is a method of recovering protective gas by vacuumizing, heating molten material, lifting an outer cylinder, filling protective gas under pressure, releasing pressure, separating blank from residual filling material by lowering the position of the outer cylinder, and cooling. The whole process is realized by program control, and after the process is finished, the operator takes out the product and stores the product in a warehouse. The whole process is closed and adopts protective gas atmosphere, so that the process environment is good, the heat efficiency is high, the operation environment is greatly improved, certain contribution is made to energy conservation and environmental protection, and the problems are well solved.
However, when the filler is melted, the outer cylinder is close to the inner cylinder, so that the melted filler enters the inner cylinder from the through hole to be contacted with the filler, but the flow of the filler after being melted is different due to different materials of the filler, and the filler with poor fluidity is not easy to permeate into all pores of the filler, so that the product quality problem of part of the filler is caused, and the solid-liquid separation effect is poor. In addition, the flowability of the filler material is extremely important to the penetration or encapsulation quality of the billets, and this technique presents certain difficulties in handling quality of materials with high melting points or poor flowability. Particularly, when the outer cylinder descends and separates, under the static processing mode of the inner cylinder, excessive filler can remain on the surface of the blank due to different flowability of the filler to influence the quality of the blank.
In the prior art, the outer cylinder is supported by a single column to lift up and down, and once the center of gravity of the outer cylinder supported by the single column is deviated, the outer cylinder is inclined or even overturned, so that a great safety risk is caused. Therefore, the bearing area of the single column is strictly limited, and the technology can only produce smaller specifications and can not produce large-specification products to meet the requirement of large-scale modern industry.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a solid-liquid separation device in a vacuum state, which is used for solving the problem that partial filling materials are not completely melted due to different melting points of some filling materials, so that partial solid filling materials are continuously placed in an outer cylinder, and the inner part of the outer cylinder is not subjected to effective solid-liquid separation except the melted filling materials.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state, includes jar body, inner tube and urceolus, is provided with the heat preservation in jar body, and inner tube and urceolus all are located the heat preservation, and inner tube and urceolus overlap the contact, and the inside of urceolus is arranged in to the inner tube, is provided with elevation structure on the jar body, and elevation structure is used for driving the inner tube and goes up and down, is equipped with a plurality of gas pockets on the both sides inner wall of inner tube, is equipped with a plurality of through-holes in the inner tube bottom.
Further, the lifting structure comprises a lifting rod and a supporting table arranged on the tank body, a lifter is arranged on the supporting table and drives the lifting rod to lift, the lifting rod sequentially penetrates through the tank body and the heat insulation layer and then is arranged inside the inner cylinder, the end part of the lifting rod is connected with a pressure plate, and the pressure plate is detachably connected with the inner wall of the inner cylinder.
Further, a heat shield inner cover is further arranged on the lifting rod, a cap peak is arranged at the open end of the outer cylinder, and the heat shield inner cover is in contact fit with the cap peak.
Further, the end of lifter passes through the rotating member and connects the pressure disk, rotates the piece and includes the rotation axis, and the lifter is inside to be established to cavity, and the rotation axis is located the hollow, and the rotation axis passes through the bearing to be connected with the inner wall of lifter, and the one end and the pressure disk of rotation axis link to each other, and the other end activity of rotation axis runs through the lifter after being connected with drive arrangement.
Further, the lifter comprises a worm wheel, a worm, a motor and a mounting shell arranged on the supporting table, the output end of the motor is connected with the worm, the worm is meshed with the worm wheel, a plurality of tooth grooves meshed with the worm wheel are formed in the lifting rod, and when the lifting rod is lifted, the linkage driving device drives the rotating shaft to rotate.
Further, the driving device comprises a first linear groove, a second linear groove and a spiral groove which are formed in the rotating shaft, one side of the spiral groove is communicated with the first linear groove, the other side of the spiral groove is communicated with the second linear groove, the first linear groove is close to the bottom direction of the tank body at the rotating shaft, a connecting frame is arranged on the tank body, a fixing block which is matched with the first linear groove, the second linear groove and the spiral groove is arranged on the connecting frame, and the fixing block is located in the first linear groove in an initial state.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages and beneficial effects:
1. according to the method, the blank is placed in the inner cylinder, the filler is covered on the blank, the inner cylinder is in overlapping contact with the outer cylinder, the filler is enabled to slowly permeate into the blank through vacuumizing and heating melting, the filler can be effectively covered or permeated into the surface or the inside of the blank, protective gas is filled in for pressurizing and filling, pressure relief is achieved, protective gas is recovered, then the lifting structure drives the inner cylinder to lift, in the lifting process, excessive melted filler can be subjected to efficient solid-liquid separation through the through hole of the inner cylinder, good homogeneity and surface quality of a produced product are ensured, and the surface of the product cannot be attached to the surface of the product due to insufficient separation of melted filler, so that the uncontrollable problem of the product quality is avoided;
2. according to the method, the gland is used, the filler can be uniformly distributed in the inner cylinder, excessive or insufficient filler in certain areas is avoided, heating uniformity is guaranteed, no dead angle is left between the liquid filler and the blank, and particularly when the density of the blank is smaller than that of the liquid filler, the gland can effectively prevent the blank from floating upwards due to the fact that the buoyancy after the blank is converted into the liquid state is larger than that of the blank, so that the liquid filler can completely cover the blank, and the consistency of the composite quality of the manufactured blank can be guaranteed;
3. this application removes to the predetermined distance after the lifter, and drive arrangement can adopt the motor to drive the rotation axis and rotate, rotates and can make the filler that melts more evenly distribute on the blank, reduces to lead to the fact piling up on the blank because of the filler mobility of melting is poor, improves the quality of product, also can prevent that the filler from depositing too much in a section of thick bamboo bottom or a certain position to keep the cleanness of inner tube.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of embodiments of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiments of the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the first linear groove, the spiral groove and the second linear groove on the rotating shaft;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the lifter of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the assembly of the rotating shaft and the annular block of the present invention.
In the drawings, the reference numerals and corresponding part names:
1-a tank body; 2-an inner cylinder; 3-an outer cylinder; 4, an insulating layer; 5-air holes; 6-through holes; 7-lifting rods; 8-an elevator; 9-pressing plates; 10-a heat shield inner cover; 11-cap peak; 12-rotating shaft; 13-bearing; 14-a first linear groove; 15-spiral grooves; 16-a second linear groove; 17-connecting frames; 18-fixing blocks; 19-lifting beams; 20-sliding blocks; 21-a bolt; 22-a first limit groove; 23-a second limit groove; 24-reinforcing ribs; 25-insulating sleeves; 26-sealing the shaft; 27-spline; 28-annular blocks; 29-placing groove.
Description of the embodiments
For the purpose of making apparent the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the following examples and the accompanying drawings, wherein the exemplary embodiments of the present invention and the descriptions thereof are for illustrating the present invention only and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, a solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state, including a jar body 1, inner tube 2 and urceolus 3, be provided with heat preservation 4 in jar body 1, inner tube 2 and urceolus 3 all are located heat preservation 4, and inner tube 2 and urceolus 3 overlap contact, and the inside of urceolus 3 is arranged in to inner tube 2, is provided with elevation structure on jar body 1, elevation structure is used for driving inner tube 2 and goes up and down, is equipped with a plurality of gas pockets 5 on the both sides inner wall of inner tube 2, is equipped with a plurality of through-holes 6 in inner tube 2 bottom.
In the prior art, the blank and the filler are separately placed in the inner cylinder 2 and the outer cylinder 3, when the filler is melted, the outer cylinder 3 is closed towards the inner cylinder 2, so that the melted filler enters the inner cylinder 2 from the through hole 6 to be in contact with the blank, but due to different materials of the filler, the melting points are different, part of the filler is not completely melted, part of the solid filler is continuously placed in the outer cylinder 3, and part of solid filler is not separated from the molten filler in the outer cylinder 3.
According to the method, the blank is placed in the inner cylinder 2, the filling material is covered on the blank, the inner cylinder 2 is in overlapping contact with the outer cylinder 3, the filling material is melted by vacuumizing and heating so that the filling material slowly permeates into the blank, the filling material can effectively cover or permeate into the surface or the inside of the blank, protective gas is filled in the blank for pressurizing and filling, the protective gas is released for recycling, then the lifting structure drives the inner cylinder 2 to lift, in the lifting process, the melted filling material is separated from the blank, the filling material flows into the outer cylinder 3 through the through hole 6, unmelted solid material also stays in the inner cylinder 2, only the melted filling material enters the outer cylinder 3, solid-liquid separation is efficiently performed, the heat preservation layer 4 is a cavity formed by the upper heat shield and the lower heat shield, the specific composition structure of the lifting structure is not limited, the lifting structure is preferably arranged, the worm wheel and the worm are matched to form the lifting structure, the lifting structure is connected to the lifting rod 7, and the inner cylinder 2 is driven to move up and down in the vertical direction;
the overlapping contact of the inner cylinder 2 and the outer cylinder 3 can better transfer the heat of the outer cylinder 3 to the inner cylinder 2, so that the heating is more uniform and effective; the vacuum is pumped to eliminate harmful gas and prevent the harmful gas from reacting with the material. The purpose of filling protective gas in a pressurizing way and releasing pressure to recycle the protective gas is to prevent the material from reacting with gas in the air such as oxygen at high temperature, avoid oxidation or other chemical reactions and protect the properties of raw materials; the heat preservation layer 4 prevents heat loss during heating, and ensures internal heating efficiency and uniformity of heat distribution.
It should be noted that, the lifting structure includes lifter 7 and the brace table that sets up on jar body 1, is provided with lift 8 on the brace table, and lift 8 drives lifter 7 and goes up and down, and lifter 7 activity in proper order runs through jar body 1 and heat preservation 4 back and arranges in the inside of inner tube 2, and the end connection of lifter 7 has pressure disk 9, and pressure disk 9 can dismantle with the inner wall of inner tube 2 and be connected, and lifter 7 activity runs through jar body 1 department and is provided with sealed axle 26 and insulating cover 25.
The lifting rod 7 can be composed of a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod can be connected through a coupler, and the lifting rod 7 composed of the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod and the coupler has flexibility and can be adjusted as required. If the lifting rod 7 consists of a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod and a coupling, once a certain component has a problem, that component can be replaced individually without replacing the entire lifting rod 7, which can reduce the cost and complexity of maintenance and replacement. And the integrated lifting rod 7 may need to be replaced for the whole part if it fails. The coupling also compensates for the axial offset between the two connecting rods so that the lifting rod 7 can run more smoothly.
The pressure plate 9 can help to keep the position of the filling material, prevent the filling material from moving or scattering in the heating or other processes, and through the use of the pressure plate 9, the filling material can be uniformly distributed in the inner cylinder 2, so that the filling material is prevented from being too much or too little in certain areas, the heating uniformity is ensured, and the filling material can be compacted to a certain degree, so that the filling material is more compact, the heat conduction efficiency is improved, the gaps are reduced, and the heat dissipation is prevented. During the melting and infiltration of the charge into the billet, the platen 9 is in a condition to cover the opening of the inner barrel 2 to ensure that the melted charge can effectively cover or infiltrate into the surface or interior of the billet while preventing spillage.
The detachable connection mode between the pressure plate 9 and the inner wall of the inner cylinder 2 can be preferably that at least one first limit groove 22 is formed in the inner wall of the inner cylinder 2, second limit grooves 23 equal to the first limit grooves 22 in number are formed in the pressure plate 9, two sliding grooves are formed in the bottom of each second limit groove 23, and sliding blocks 20 are respectively arranged in each sliding groove in a sliding mode. In the initial state, the two sliders 20 are in contact, although the two sliders 20 are not in contact in fig. 2, because the bolt 21 is provided between the two sliders 20, the bolt 21 is then required to be connected to enter between the two sliders 20, so that the two sliders 20 are in contact before the bolt 21 is not used. It will now be described how the bolts 21 are connected: the bottom wall of the second limit groove 23 is provided with a threaded hole, after the pressure plate 9 is placed in the inner cylinder 2, the first limit groove 22 corresponds to the second limit groove 23, at the moment, part of one of the sliding blocks 20 is moved into the first limit groove 22, the threaded hole is exposed, and the threaded hole is matched and locked with the threaded hole, so that the sliding blocks 20 are matched with the first limit groove 22, the pressure plate 9 and the inner cylinder 2 are integrated, and the two first limit grooves 22 are preferably arranged, so that the pressure plate 9 and the inner cylinder 2 are connected more stably.
Here, only the lifting rod 7 is used for driving the inner cylinder 2 to move upwards, the pressing plate 9 is not required to be used for detachably connecting the inner cylinder 2, a cap peak can be arranged at the opening end of the inner cylinder 2, the lifting rod 7 is provided with the lifting beam 19, and the lifting rod 7 can drive the inner cylinder 2 to move upwards and downwards through the lifting beam 19 by carrying out bolt connection on the lifting beam 19 and the cap peak on the inner cylinder 2.
The lifting rod 7 is further provided with a heat shield inner cover 10, the heat shield inner cover 10 is detachably connected with the lifting rod 7, the open end of the outer cylinder 3 is provided with a cap peak 11, and the heat shield inner cover 10 is in contact fit with the cap peak 11. The structural design of the heat shield inner cover 10 and the visor 11 can effectively prevent or reduce heat transfer, and maintain the temperature inside the device, thereby improving energy efficiency and reducing energy consumption. The cap peak 11 is designed to prevent the melted filling material from overflowing to the outside of the outer cylinder 3 in the lifting process of the inner cylinder 2, thereby ensuring the production safety and reducing the waste of materials; preferably, lifting beams 19 are hinged to two sides of the lifting rod 7 respectively, a heat shield inner cover 10 is arranged at the bottom of each lifting beam 19, and the lifting beams 19 and the heat shield inner covers 10 are connected through bolts, and can be turned over together through the hinged arrangement, so that the cover can be conveniently opened;
and the heat-insulating screen inner cover 10 divides the heat-insulating layer 4 into a first temperature region and a second temperature region, and when high-temperature heating is needed, the inner cylinder 2 is only required to be placed in the first temperature region with higher temperature. Then, when the heating is completed, only the heat shield inner cover 10 needs to be lifted upwards, so that the heat in the first temperature region flows to the second temperature region with lower temperature. This design not only allows for proper heating and cooling, but also saves energy since it is not necessary to maintain a high temperature throughout the insulation layer 4. At the same time, the design can avoid damage to other parts of the equipment caused by overhigh temperature.
It should be noted that, the end of lifter 7 passes through rotation piece connection pressure disk 9, rotation piece includes rotation axis 12, the inside cavity that establishes of lifter 7, rotation axis 12 is located the hollow, rotation axis 12 passes through bearing 13 and lifter 7's inner wall connection, rotation axis 12's one end links to each other with pressure disk 9, rotation axis 12's the other end activity runs through lifter 7 back and is connected with drive arrangement, and rotation axis 12's both sides are connected with pressure disk 9 through strengthening rib 24, can strengthen the stability that pressure disk 9 and rotation axis 12 are connected to it. After the lifting rod 7 moves to a preset distance, the driving device can drive the rotating shaft 12 to rotate by adopting the motor, and the melted filling material can be more uniformly distributed on the blank by rotating, so that the accumulation of the filling material on the blank caused by gravity is reduced, and the quality of a product is improved. And can prevent excessive deposition of the filling material at the bottom of the inner cylinder 2 or at a certain position, thereby keeping the inner cylinder 2 clean, and more importantly, the centrifugal force generated by rotation can be adjusted to adjust the thickness and the quality of the filling or coating material on the surface of the blank.
An annular block 28 is arranged on the outer wall of the rotating shaft 12, a placement groove 29 matched with the annular block 28 is formed in the inner wall of the lifting rod 7, so that the annular block 28 rotates in the placement groove 29, and therefore the rotating shaft 12 is connected with the lifting rod 7 through the matching of the annular block 28 and the placement groove 29, and the lifting rod 7 drives the rotating shaft 12 to move in the ascending or descending process;
the gap between the rotating shaft 12 and the lifting rod 7 can be sealed through a sealing element, the rotating shaft 12 can be connected and disconnected, the connection and disconnection modes of the rotating shaft 12 are various, the connection and disconnection modes are not limited in particular, for example, the rotating shaft 12 can be composed of a first rotating shaft, a second rotating shaft and a third rotating shaft, splines 27 are respectively arranged on the first rotating shaft and the third rotating shaft, spline grooves matched with the first rotating shaft and the third rotating shaft are respectively arranged at two ends of the second rotating shaft, so that the splines 27 are tightly matched with the spline grooves, synchronous rotation between the first rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft and the third rotating shaft is realized, relative sliding is prevented, a certain positioning effect is realized, effective transmission of power is ensured, and an annular block 28 is arranged on the upper outer wall of the second rotating shaft, so that the annular block 28 is matched with the placement groove 29 through the annular block 28 and the lifting rod 7;
the mode of two connection of the first rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft and the third rotating shaft is not limited, T-shaped thread grooves are formed in the first rotating shaft and the third rotating shaft, and T-shaped bolts matched with the T-shaped thread grooves are respectively arranged at two ends of the second rotating shaft.
It should be noted that, the lifter 8 includes a worm gear, a worm, a motor and a mounting shell disposed on the supporting platform, an output end of the motor is connected with the worm, the worm is engaged with the worm gear, a plurality of tooth grooves engaged with the worm gear are disposed on the lifter 7, and when the lifter 7 lifts, the driving device can be linked to drive the rotation shaft 12 to rotate. Then a motor is needed to drive the lifting rod 7 to lift and the rotating shaft 12 to rotate, so that the overall energy consumption can be reduced, and the motor drives the rotating shaft 12, so that the motion control can be more effectively performed through accurate control, the error is reduced, and the overall working efficiency is improved. Multiple motors can generate more noise during operation, and the influence can be reduced by using a single motor, so that user experience is improved.
It should be noted that the driving device includes a first linear groove 14, a second linear groove 16 and a spiral groove 15 formed on the rotating shaft 12, one side of the spiral groove 15 is communicated with the first linear groove 14, the other side of the spiral groove 15 is communicated with the second linear groove 16, the first linear groove 14 is near the bottom direction of the can body 1 on the rotating shaft 12, a connecting frame 17 is provided on the can body 1, and a fixing block 18 matched with the first linear groove 14, the second linear groove 16 and the spiral groove 15 is provided on the connecting frame 17. In the lifting process of the lifting rod 7, the rotating shaft 12 ascends together, the end part of the rotating shaft 12 penetrates through the lifting rod 7 to extend outwards, the extending end of the rotating shaft 12 is located above the lifting rod 7, the initial state of the fixed block 18 is located in the first linear groove 14, when the lifting rod 7 drives the rotating shaft 12 to ascend, the fixed block 18 moves in the first linear groove 14, the rotating shaft 12 does not rotate at the moment, but the lifting rod 7 drives the heat shield inner cover 10 to be separated from the cap peak 11 of the outer cylinder 3, the lifting rod 7 continues to lift, the fixed block 18 enters the spiral groove 15, and when the spiral groove 15 on the rotating shaft 12 contacts the fixed block 18 and performs linear movement, the spiral groove 15 is distributed spirally along the rotating shaft 12, so that in the process of contacting with the fixed block 18, a rotary movement is generated relative to the fixed block 18. This is just as if the screw were rotating inside the nut, even though the screw is doing a linear motion, it will rotate relative to the fixed nut due to the design of the screw. Likewise, the rotating shaft 12 rotates due to the interaction with the fixed block 18. Finally, the fixing block 18 is matched with the second linear groove 16, so that the rotating shaft 12 of the device can stably ascend, the lifting rod 7 and the rotating shaft 12 can synchronously move, when the air holes 5 and the through holes 6 in the inner cylinder 2 are also arranged in the outer cylinder 3, the inner cylinder 2 rotates, and liquid melted by some filling materials can be discharged from the through holes 6 or the air holes 5 to enter the outer cylinder 3, so that the separation effect is improved. However, if the air hole 5 or the through hole 6 leaves the outer cylinder 3, the lifting rotation is still performed, the liquid discharged from the inner cylinder 2 may enter the inner wall of the heat insulation layer 4, once the liquid enters the inner wall of the heat insulation layer 4, the liquid may adhere to the heat insulation layer 4 and is difficult to clean, the long-term accumulation may affect the heat insulation effect, and if the discharged liquid is corrosive, the discharged liquid may damage the inner wall of the heat insulation layer 4, thereby shortening the service life of the device.
If the rotation shaft 12 is simply controlled by a motor, the rotation of the inner tube 2 is still performed by the inertia of the rotation shaft 12 after the motor is stopped, and it cannot be ensured that the rotation of the inner tube 2 is stopped when the air hole 5 or the through hole 6 is separated from the outer tube 3.
However, if the first linear groove 14, the spiral groove 15 and the second linear groove 16 are matched with the fixed block 18, the movement of the rotating shaft 12 can be controlled more precisely. When the motor drives the fixed block 18 to move along the linear groove or the spiral groove 15, the rotation shaft 12 rotates accordingly. However, when the motor is stopped, the lifting lever 7 is stopped, and the rotation shaft 12 is also stopped, the rotation shaft 12 cannot continue to move or rotate independently of the fixing block 18 due to the engagement between the fixing block 18 and the groove, that is, it cannot continue to rotate due to inertia. This is mainly because the contact of the fixed block 18 with the recess is a rigid contact which can prevent the rotation shaft 12 from continuing to rotate due to inertia.
In addition, the second linear groove 16 is a safety design, and when the second linear groove 16 is engaged with the fixed block 18, the rotation shaft 12 is forced to stop rotating, because in this position the fixed block 18 no longer moves along the spiral path, and the rotation shaft 12 cannot rotate. The problem of the rotation shaft 12 still rotating when the air hole 5 or the through hole 6 is separated from the outer cylinder 3 can be avoided.
The composite or cladding manufacturing of filling materials with different melting points and blanks can be solved through the structure, so that the production requirements of different melting points and different production process requirements are met, and the production specification of products can be amplified randomly.
The foregoing description of the embodiments has been provided for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the invention, and is not meant to limit the scope of the invention, but to limit the invention to the particular embodiments, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements, etc. that fall within the spirit and principles of the invention are intended to be included within the scope of the invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a solid-liquid separation device under vacuum condition, including a jar body (1), inner tube (2) and urceolus (3), be provided with heat preservation (4) in jar body (1), inner tube (2) and urceolus (3) all are located heat preservation (4), a serial communication port, inner tube (2) and urceolus (3) overlap the contact, and the inside of urceolus (3) is arranged in to inner tube (2), be provided with elevation structure on jar body (1), elevation structure is used for driving inner tube (2) and goes up and down, be equipped with a plurality of gas pockets (5) on the both sides inner wall of inner tube (2), be equipped with a plurality of through-holes (6) in inner tube (2) bottom, elevation structure includes lifter (7) and the brace table that sets up on jar body (1), be provided with lifter (8) on the brace table, lifter (8) drive lifter (7) go up and down, lifter (7) are movably in proper order run through the inside of jar body (1) and heat preservation (4) back place in inner tube (2), the end connection of lifter (7) has pressure disk (9), pressure disk (2) go up and down inner wall (7) and down can be connected through rotation axis (12) in order, rotation axis (12) are located in order, the rotary shaft (12) is connected with the inner wall of the lifting rod (7) through a bearing (13), an annular block (28) is arranged on the outer wall of the rotary shaft (12), a placement groove (29) matched with the annular block (28) is formed in the inner wall of the lifting rod (7), one end of the rotary shaft (12) is connected with the pressure plate (9), the other end of the rotary shaft (12) movably penetrates through the lifting rod (7) and then is connected with a driving device, the lifting machine (8) comprises a worm wheel, a worm, a motor and an installation shell arranged on a supporting table, the output end of the motor is connected with the worm, the worm is meshed with the worm wheel, a plurality of tooth grooves meshed with the worm wheel are formed in the lifting rod (7), when the lifting rod (7) lifts, the rotary shaft (12) is driven by the linkage driving device, the driving device comprises a first linear groove (14), a second linear groove (16) and a spiral groove (15), one side of the spiral groove (15) is communicated with the first linear groove (14), the other side of the spiral groove (15) is communicated with the second linear groove (16), the first linear groove (14) is arranged on the rotary shaft (12) close to the bottom of a tank body (17), and the tank body (17) is arranged on the bottom of the tank body (1) in the direction of the tank body (17) And the second linear groove (16) and the spiral groove (15) are matched with the fixing block (18), and in an initial state, the fixing block (18) is positioned in the first linear groove (14).
2. The solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state according to claim 1, wherein a heat shield inner cover (10) is further arranged on the lifting rod (7), a cap peak (11) is arranged on the open end of the outer cylinder (3), and the heat shield inner cover (10) is in contact fit with the cap peak (11).
CN202311725524.2A 2023-12-15 2023-12-15 Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state Active CN117398755B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202311725524.2A CN117398755B (en) 2023-12-15 2023-12-15 Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202311725524.2A CN117398755B (en) 2023-12-15 2023-12-15 Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN117398755A CN117398755A (en) 2024-01-16
CN117398755B true CN117398755B (en) 2024-02-23

Family

ID=89498395

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202311725524.2A Active CN117398755B (en) 2023-12-15 2023-12-15 Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN117398755B (en)

Citations (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1470343A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-01-28 北京科技大学 High-smelting point thixotropic metal bland and composite material intermittent preparing process and apparatus
CN1490420A (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-04-21 �����λ���ҵ�����������ι�˾ Vacuum arsenic extracting method and system without pollution
JP2007039041A (en) * 2005-07-29 2007-02-15 Kyoraku Co Ltd Container and its manufacturing method
CN101968308A (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-02-09 中国矿业大学 Crucible-lifting sintering furnace
WO2013006281A1 (en) * 2011-07-06 2013-01-10 Dow Global Technologies Llc Method for making porous acicular mullite bodies
CN203991019U (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-12-10 台州市广丰塑业有限公司 Hand sprayer
CN104347553A (en) * 2013-07-23 2015-02-11 西安永电电气有限责任公司 Trenching resistance welding type IGBT module base plate
CN104743769A (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-01 赵文志 New set of melting technology
CN205151778U (en) * 2015-07-16 2016-04-13 成都润封电碳有限公司 Be used for artificial carbon graphite material to add heat treatment device
CN108488459A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-09-04 厦门建霖健康家居股份有限公司 A kind of lifting gear and the tap with the lifting gear
CN110038348A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-07-23 卜玲玲 A kind of wastewater filtering device with cleaning function
CN110404373A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-05 江阴福泰化工有限公司 The preparation producing line of high-purity benzophenone
CN110440232A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-11-12 应亚妮 A kind of carbon steel process waste recovery method
CN211242060U (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-08-14 惠州市易坤包装制品有限公司 Lipstick core structure
CN215026180U (en) * 2021-07-11 2021-12-07 浙江大茗堂生物科技有限公司 Separation equipment for high-concentration extraction of theanine
CN115248011A (en) * 2022-07-19 2022-10-28 北京爱地地质工程技术有限公司 Crown block track deformation detection device, detection system and detection method
CN217732861U (en) * 2022-07-30 2022-11-04 湖南迪易清环保科技有限公司 Internal filtering type water treatment device and intelligent water treatment system
CN116037246A (en) * 2022-11-24 2023-05-02 周默 Production device and method for producing environment-friendly building materials by using marble solid waste
CN219416186U (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-07-25 山东省煤炭技术服务有限公司 Hydrologic detection device
CN219399019U (en) * 2022-12-02 2023-07-25 辽东学院 Cooking equipment
CN219488959U (en) * 2023-03-10 2023-08-08 莱州市瑞海矿业有限公司 Shaft driving slag loading and unloading lifting mechanism
CN116747958A (en) * 2023-08-18 2023-09-15 甘肃泰隆森矿业有限公司 Vertical ball mill for grinding middlings of iron ore
CN116808624A (en) * 2023-01-19 2023-09-29 王连祥 Cosmetic extraction device and extraction method

Patent Citations (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1490420A (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-04-21 �����λ���ҵ�����������ι�˾ Vacuum arsenic extracting method and system without pollution
CN1470343A (en) * 2003-07-07 2004-01-28 北京科技大学 High-smelting point thixotropic metal bland and composite material intermittent preparing process and apparatus
JP2007039041A (en) * 2005-07-29 2007-02-15 Kyoraku Co Ltd Container and its manufacturing method
CN101968308A (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-02-09 中国矿业大学 Crucible-lifting sintering furnace
WO2013006281A1 (en) * 2011-07-06 2013-01-10 Dow Global Technologies Llc Method for making porous acicular mullite bodies
CN104347553A (en) * 2013-07-23 2015-02-11 西安永电电气有限责任公司 Trenching resistance welding type IGBT module base plate
CN104743769A (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-01 赵文志 New set of melting technology
CN203991019U (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-12-10 台州市广丰塑业有限公司 Hand sprayer
CN205151778U (en) * 2015-07-16 2016-04-13 成都润封电碳有限公司 Be used for artificial carbon graphite material to add heat treatment device
CN108488459A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-09-04 厦门建霖健康家居股份有限公司 A kind of lifting gear and the tap with the lifting gear
CN110038348A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-07-23 卜玲玲 A kind of wastewater filtering device with cleaning function
CN110440232A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-11-12 应亚妮 A kind of carbon steel process waste recovery method
CN110404373A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-05 江阴福泰化工有限公司 The preparation producing line of high-purity benzophenone
CN211242060U (en) * 2019-09-29 2020-08-14 惠州市易坤包装制品有限公司 Lipstick core structure
CN215026180U (en) * 2021-07-11 2021-12-07 浙江大茗堂生物科技有限公司 Separation equipment for high-concentration extraction of theanine
CN115248011A (en) * 2022-07-19 2022-10-28 北京爱地地质工程技术有限公司 Crown block track deformation detection device, detection system and detection method
CN217732861U (en) * 2022-07-30 2022-11-04 湖南迪易清环保科技有限公司 Internal filtering type water treatment device and intelligent water treatment system
CN116037246A (en) * 2022-11-24 2023-05-02 周默 Production device and method for producing environment-friendly building materials by using marble solid waste
CN219399019U (en) * 2022-12-02 2023-07-25 辽东学院 Cooking equipment
CN116808624A (en) * 2023-01-19 2023-09-29 王连祥 Cosmetic extraction device and extraction method
CN219488959U (en) * 2023-03-10 2023-08-08 莱州市瑞海矿业有限公司 Shaft driving slag loading and unloading lifting mechanism
CN219416186U (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-07-25 山东省煤炭技术服务有限公司 Hydrologic detection device
CN116747958A (en) * 2023-08-18 2023-09-15 甘肃泰隆森矿业有限公司 Vertical ball mill for grinding middlings of iron ore

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN117398755A (en) 2024-01-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110625105A (en) Transfer equipment, molten aluminum transfer system and molten aluminum transfer method
CN117398755B (en) Solid-liquid separation device under vacuum state
CN210980765U (en) Vacuum melting furnace capable of stirring uniformly
CN115854717A (en) Hydrogen reduced iron shaft furnace building equipment and building method
CN217058353U (en) Material elevator for preparing metal-based composite material
CN215746221U (en) Forging furnace is used in processing of boats and ships drive shaft
CN211331285U (en) Transfer equipment and molten aluminum transfer system
CN210679075U (en) Brake mechanism for automatic brick making machine
CN109304426B (en) Casting furnace for producing thin-shell container casting and casting method thereof
KR101030180B1 (en) Low pressure die casting machine
CN107586964B (en) Vacuum consumable electrode arc skull furnace
CN107606944B (en) Double-chamber U-shaped furnace body system of skull furnace
CN213570676U (en) Smelting device for preventing magnesium alloy casting from loosening
CN217271757U (en) Powder metallurgy driving gear part
CN220518842U (en) Alloy tray device
CN213388788U (en) Vertical quenching and tempering production device based on rotary material loading and unloading
CN218591635U (en) Movable beam lifting and feeding mechanism for internal spinning machine
CN211135437U (en) Device for injecting nodulizer to bottom of nodulizing ladle
CN219526740U (en) A unloader for bearing heat treatment
CN213469946U (en) Furnace door structure and superplastic forming-diffusion connecting equipment
CN220901852U (en) Automatic forming system for aluminum wheel double-station
CN218262593U (en) Smelting furnace for producing die steel
CN220362739U (en) Rotary structure of ceramic continuous grouting molding equipment
CN107598113B (en) Centrifugal system of skull furnace
CN214725716U (en) Hydraulic vulcanizing device with wallboard capable of moving back and forth

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant