CN116277586B - Dust cleaning device is used in production of coloured masterbatch - Google Patents

Dust cleaning device is used in production of coloured masterbatch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116277586B
CN116277586B CN202310581012.7A CN202310581012A CN116277586B CN 116277586 B CN116277586 B CN 116277586B CN 202310581012 A CN202310581012 A CN 202310581012A CN 116277586 B CN116277586 B CN 116277586B
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China
Prior art keywords
dust
box
ash
dust collection
sealing box
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CN202310581012.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116277586A (en
Inventor
阎廷华
阎建新
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Qingyun Huaxin Plastic Masterbatch Co ltd
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Qingyun Huaxin Plastic Masterbatch Co ltd
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Priority to CN202310581012.7A priority Critical patent/CN116277586B/en
Publication of CN116277586A publication Critical patent/CN116277586A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/80Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29B7/84Venting or degassing ; Removing liquids, e.g. by evaporating components
    • B29B7/845Venting, degassing or removing evaporated components in devices with rotary stirrers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B13/00Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped
    • B29B13/10Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped by grinding, e.g. by triturating; by sieving; by filtering
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/02Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type
    • B29B7/06Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices
    • B29B7/10Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices rotary
    • B29B7/12Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices rotary with single shaft
    • B29B7/16Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices rotary with single shaft with paddles or arms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/80Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29B7/802Constructions or methods for cleaning the mixing or kneading device
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of colored master batch production, in particular to a dust cleaning device for colored master batch production. The technical problems of the invention are that: the dust cleaning device for the colored master batch production, which can more conveniently clean dust, is provided. The invention provides a dust cleaning device for producing colored master batches, which comprises: the sealing box and the box door are rotationally connected with the box door on the left side and the right side of the front part of the sealing box; the upper side of the rear part of the sealing box is connected with a material taking pipeline which is communicated with the sealing box; the material blocking pipe is connected with the material blocking pipe in a sliding mode in the material taking pipe. According to the dust collection device, most of dust can be adsorbed and cleaned, a small part of the falling dust is received and concentrated through the lower part of the dust collection box, and the dust can be driven out of the sealing box through the dust collection box, so that people can clean the dust concentrated in the dust collection box in an open space, and the dust collection device is more convenient for people to clean the dust.

Description

Dust cleaning device is used in production of coloured masterbatch
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of colored master batch production, in particular to a dust cleaning device for colored master batch production.
Background
The colored master batch is a novel polymer material colorant with better coloring effect, is mostly used in the field of plastic coloring, and needs to be ground, dried, granulated and the like to avoid procedures in the production of the colored master batch, wherein a large amount of dust can be generated in the drying process, so that the generated dust needs to be cleaned.
Patent publication number is CN 214353439U's patent discloses a dust collector for masterbatch production, including the casing with be located the apron of the horizontal setting in casing top, the casing is open-ended hollow structure, top-down is equipped with clean room and mixing chamber in proper order in the casing, mixing chamber with be equipped with the baffle between the clean room, be equipped with the (mixing) shaft of vertical setting in the mixing chamber, the bottom of (mixing) shaft with be located driving motor output in the casing is connected.
When the dust removing device is used, firstly colored master batches are poured into a mixing chamber through a feeding hole, a driving motor is started, a stirring shaft is enabled to rotate, then a circulating pump is started, dust is sucked into the dust removing chamber through a first guide pipe and a second guide pipe, so that the purpose of removing dust is achieved, but when the colored master batches are stirred, dust can raise dust on a large scale in the mixing chamber, the first guide pipe and the second guide pipe are both positioned on the right side of the mixing chamber, then insufficient dust collection can occur, part of dust is caused to remain in the edge area of the mixing chamber, thus dust is accumulated for a long time and is in a sealed environment, and once the dust in the sealed environment is in contact with air, the dust can be exploded, so that people are required to clean the residual dust, but the mixing chamber is possibly narrow and has a certain depth, and dust remained in the edge area inside the mixing chamber is very inconvenient for people to clean.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defect that dust in the deep part of a mixing chamber of the existing dust removing device is inconvenient for people to clean, the technical problem of the invention is that: the dust cleaning device for the colored master batch production, which can more conveniently clean dust, is provided.
The technical implementation scheme of the invention is as follows: the dust cleaning device for the colored master batch production comprises a sealing box and a box door, wherein the left side and the right side of the front part of the sealing box are both rotationally connected with the box door; the upper side of the rear part of the sealing box is connected with a material taking pipeline which is communicated with the sealing box; the material taking pipeline is internally connected with a material blocking pipe in a sliding manner, and the material blocking pipe is connected with the sealing box in a sliding manner; the left side and the right side of the upper part of the sealing box are connected with the first fixing rod; the upper part of the first fixing rod is connected with a first sliding rail at one side close to each other; the motor is connected between the sides, close to each other, of the upper parts of the first fixing rods; the lower part of the output shaft of the motor is connected with a stirring frame; the upper part of the sealing box is connected with a discharging barrel, the lower part of the discharging barrel penetrates into the sealing box, the bottom of the discharging barrel is uniformly distributed with meshes, and the discharging barrel is communicated with the material taking pipeline; the outer ring of the discharging cylinder is connected with the heating device; the upper part of the discharging cylinder is provided with a dust suction mechanism for adsorbing dust; the ash receiving mechanism is arranged in the sealing box and is used for receiving falling dust.
Further, dust absorption mechanism includes:
the upper part of the stirring frame is connected with a first gear; the first sliding rails are internally and respectively connected with an ash blocking plate in a sliding manner, dust collection pipes are respectively connected to the ash blocking plates, and the dust collection pipes are respectively communicated with the discharging cylinders; the left rear side of the ash blocking plate at the front part is connected with a second fixing rod, and the right front side of the ash blocking plate at the rear part is also connected with a second fixing rod; the first racks are connected to the second fixing rods in a sliding mode, and the first racks are meshed with the first gears; the dust collecting devices are connected with the dust blocking plates, dust collecting openings are formed in the dust collecting devices, and the dust collecting openings are located right above the similar dust collecting pipes; the upper side of the first fixed rod at the left part of the ash storage box is connected with the ash storage box, and the ash storage box is communicated with the two dust collection devices through a hose; and the first telescopic springs are connected between the first racks and the second similar fixing rods.
Further, connect grey mechanism includes:
the ash receiving box is connected with the ash receiving box in a sliding manner in the sealing box, and the diameter of the ash receiving box is larger than that of the discharging barrel; the fixing pieces are connected to one sides, close to each other, of the front lower part of the box door; the rotating piece is rotationally connected with the fixing piece, and the rear side of the rotating piece is rotationally connected with the ash receiving box.
Further, still including being used for scraping off ash scraping mechanism that ash blocking plate lower part adhesion's dust was scraped off, ash scraping mechanism is including:
the left side and the right side of the front part of the discharging barrel are connected with the third fixing rods, and the left side and the right side of the rear part of the discharging barrel are also connected with the third fixing rods; the wiping piece is rotationally connected between the two third fixed rods at the front part, and the wiping piece is rotationally connected between the two third fixed rods at the rear part; the left side of the front wiping piece is connected with the second gear, and the right side of the rear wiping piece is connected with the second gear; the left front side of the ash blocking plate at the front part is connected with a second rack, the right rear side of the ash blocking plate at the rear part is also connected with a second rack, and the second racks are meshed with a similar second gear; the outer ring of the upper part of the discharging cylinder is connected with a dust receiving round frame, and a groove is formed in the dust receiving round frame.
Further, still including being used for letting the shake-off mechanism that blowing section of thick bamboo tremble, shake-off mechanism including:
the rear side of the upper part in the ash receiving box is connected with a wedge-shaped frame; the left side and the right side of the lower part of the discharging barrel are connected with the second sliding rail; the knocking hammer is connected with one side of the second sliding rail, which is close to the second sliding rail, in a sliding way, and the knocking hammer is in extrusion fit with the discharging barrel; the second telescopic springs are connected between one sides, far away from each other, of the upper parts of the knocking hammers and the second similar sliding rails; the extrusion rod is connected between one sides of the knocking hammer, which are close to each other, and the extrusion rod is in extrusion fit with the wedge-shaped frame.
Further, still including being used for concentrating the extracting mechanism who collects colored masterbatch, extracting mechanism is including:
the first screw is rotationally connected to the right upper side of the rear part of the sealing box, and is in threaded connection with the plugging pipe which is in sliding connection with the sealing box; the lower part of the material taking pipeline is connected with a material sucking device which is communicated with the material taking pipeline; the rear lower part of the sealing box is connected with the colored master batch box.
Further, still include the dust wiping mechanism that is used for wiping dust absorption pipe and dust absorption mouth, dust wiping mechanism includes:
the rear side of the first sliding rail at the left part is connected with a third rack, and the front side of the first sliding rail at the right part is also connected with a third rack; the front lower side of the dust collection device at the front part is connected with the third slide rail, and the rear lower side of the dust collection device at the rear part is also connected with the third slide rail; the second screw rod is rotationally connected in the third sliding rail; the right side of the second screw rod at the front part is connected with a third gear, the left side of the second screw rod at the rear part is also connected with a third gear, and the third gears are meshed with a similar third rack; the sponge block is connected with the sponge block through the equal screw thread on the second screw rod, the sponge block is connected with the similar third sliding rail in a sliding mode, the sponge block is in extrusion fit with a dust collection opening on the similar dust collection device, and the sponge block is also in extrusion fit with a similar dust collection pipe.
Further, the ash receiving box is made of stainless steel.
The invention has the following advantages: 1. according to the dust collection device, most of dust can be adsorbed and cleaned, a small part of the falling dust is received and concentrated through the lower part of the dust collection box, and the dust can be driven out of the sealing box through the dust collection box, so that people can clean the dust concentrated in the dust collection box in an open space, and the dust collection device is more convenient for people to clean the dust.
2. According to the invention, the second rack is meshed with the second gear, so that the wiper moves along with the wiper, dust adhered to the lower part of the dust blocking plate is automatically wiped by the wiper, the wiped dust is collected by the dust collecting round frame, and the step of manually wiping the dust blocking plate each time by people can be omitted, so that the dust is more convenient for people to intensively clean the dust.
3. According to the invention, the wedge-shaped frame is matched with the extrusion rod in an extrusion way, so that the knocking hammer continuously knocks the discharging cylinder, the discharging cylinder continuously vibrates, and the dust remained on the discharging cylinder can be shaken down, so that the step of manually vibrating the discharging cylinder by people is omitted, and the dust is further conveniently cleaned by people.
4. According to the invention, the colored master batch is sucked from the discharging cylinder by starting the material sucking device and utilizing the material taking pipeline and the material sucking device and is received by the colored master batch box, so that people can collect the dried colored master batch more conveniently.
5. According to the invention, the second screw is driven to rotate through the engagement between the third gear and the third rack, so that the sponge block moves, dust adhered on the dust suction pipe and the dust suction port which are close can be wiped through the sponge block, the step of manually wiping by people can be omitted, and the dust cleaning by people is more convenient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a partial perspective structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a dust suction mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a dust suction mechanism according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a first perspective structure of the ash receiving mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a second perspective view of the ash receiving mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic perspective view of an ash scraping mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a first part of the ash scraping mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic perspective view of a second part of the ash scraping mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic perspective view of the shake-out mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic perspective view of a shake-out mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic perspective view of a take-off mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic cross-sectional perspective view of a take-off mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a schematic perspective view of an ash wiping mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of a portion of the ash wiping mechanism of the invention.
Meaning of reference numerals in the drawings: 1: seal box, 2: door, 3: material taking pipe, 31: plugging a material pipe, 4: motor, 5: first dead lever, 51: first slide rail, 6: stirring frame, 7: heating device, 71: discharging barrel, 8: dust collection mechanism, 81: first gear, 82: first rack, 83: second fixing lever, 84: dust extraction, 85: ash blocking plate, 86: ash bin, 87: first telescopic spring, 9: ash receiving mechanism, 91: ash box, 92: fixing piece, 93: rotating member, 10: ash scraping mechanism, 101: third dead lever, 102: second gear, 103: second rack, 104: wiper, 105: ash receiving round frame, 11: shake-off mechanism, 111: wedge rack, 112: knocking a hammer, 113: extrusion rod, 114: second extension spring, 115: second slide rail, 12: feeding mechanism, 121: first screw, 122: suction device, 123: color master batch box, 13: ash wiping mechanism, 131: third rack, 132: third gear, 133: second screw, 134: third slide rail, 135: sponge block.
Detailed Description
Reference herein to an embodiment means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment may be included in at least one embodiment of the invention. The appearances of such phrases in various places in the specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment, nor are separate or alternative embodiments mutually exclusive of other embodiments. Those of skill in the art will explicitly and implicitly appreciate that the embodiments described herein may be combined with other embodiments.
Example 1
The dust cleaning device for the production of the colored master batch comprises a sealing box 1, a box door 2, a material taking pipeline 3, a material blocking pipe 31, a motor 4, a first fixing rod 5, a first sliding rail 51, a stirring frame 6, a heating device 7, a discharging barrel 71, a dust suction mechanism 8 and an ash receiving mechanism 9, wherein the box door 2 is rotationally connected to the left side and the right side of the front part of the sealing box 1, the material taking pipeline 3 is connected with the upper side of the rear part of the sealing box 1, the material taking pipeline 3 is communicated with the sealing box 1, a material blocking pipe 31 is connected in the material taking pipeline 3 in a sliding manner, the material blocking pipe 31 is connected with the sealing box 1 in a sliding manner, the left side and the right side of the upper part of the sealing box 1 are connected with a first fixing rod 5, the utility model discloses a dust collection device, including first dead lever 5, motor 4, sealed box 1, blowing barrel 71, heating device 7, dust collection mechanism 8, sealed box 1 is equipped with ash collection mechanism 9, ash collection mechanism 9 is used for collecting the dust that falls down to push out sealed box 1 inside, make things convenient for people to concentrate the clearance, blowing barrel 71 and extracting pipeline 3 intercommunication, blowing barrel 71's bottom evenly distributes the mesh, blowing barrel 71's outer lane is connected with heating device 7, blowing barrel 71's upper portion is equipped with dust collection mechanism 8, dust collection mechanism 8 is used for adsorbing the dust that produces, be equipped with ash collection mechanism 9 in the sealed box 1, ash collection mechanism 9 is used for collecting the dust that falls down.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 4 and fig. 5, the dust collection mechanism 8 comprises a first gear 81, a first rack 82, a second fixing rod 83, a dust collection device 84, a dust baffle 85, a dust storage box 86 and a first telescopic spring 87, wherein the first gear 81 is connected to the upper portion of the stirring frame 6, dust baffles 85 for shielding dust above the discharging cylinder 71 are connected to the first sliding rail 51 in a sliding manner, dust collection pipes are connected to the dust baffles 85, the dust collection pipes are communicated with the discharging cylinder 71, the second fixing rod 83 is connected to the left rear side of the front dust baffle 85, the second fixing rod 83 is also connected to the right front side of the rear dust baffle 85, the first rack 82 is connected to the first rack 82 in a sliding manner, dust collection devices 84 for adsorbing dust are connected to the dust baffle 85, dust collection openings are formed in the dust collection devices 84, the dust collection openings are located right above the similar pipes, the upper side of the first fixing rod 5 at the left side is connected to the dust storage box 86, and the dust storage box 86 is connected to the second rack 82 through the first telescopic spring 82, and the dust storage box 84 is connected to the second fixing rod 82.
As shown in fig. 1, 6 and 7, the ash receiving mechanism 9 comprises an ash receiving box 91, a fixing member 92 and a rotating member 93, the ash receiving box 91 for receiving falling dust is slidably connected in the seal box 1, the diameter of the ash receiving box 91 is larger than that of the material discharging barrel 71, the ash receiving box 91 is made of stainless steel, the fixing member 92 is connected to one side, close to each other, of the front lower portion of the box door 2, the rotating member 93 is rotatably connected to the fixing member 92, and the rear side of the rotating member 93 is rotatably connected with the ash receiving box 91.
When the dust cleaning device for colored master batch production is used for drying colored master batch, firstly, the ash receiving box 91 is pushed backwards, so that the ash receiving box 91 enters the sealed box 1, when the ash receiving box 91 moves backwards, the rotating piece 93 is extruded, the left rotating piece 93 rotates anticlockwise, the right rotating piece 93 rotates clockwise, the close box door 2 is driven to rotate along with the rotating piece, so that the box door 2 is gradually closed, when gaps between the box doors 2 are smaller, people can draw hands and do not need to push the ash receiving box 91 any more, the box door 2 can be directly rotated to be closed, the box door 2 is prevented from being blocked by people, when the box door 2 is completely closed, the ash receiving box 91 is completely entered into the sealed box 1, and at the moment, the ash receiving box 91 is positioned right below the discharging barrel 71, then the colored master batch can be poured into the discharging barrel 71, the motor 4 and the heating device 7 are started, the output shaft of the motor 4 rotates to enable the stirring frame 6 to rotate, the colored master batch is stirred through the stirring frame 6, the drying speed of the colored master batch is increased by matching with the heating device 7, the colored master batch stays on the discharging cylinder 71 because the size of the colored master batch is larger than the mesh size of the discharging cylinder 71, but the dust generated when the colored master batch is stirred and dried falls into the ash receiving box 91 through the mesh of the discharging cylinder 71, the diameter of the ash receiving box 91 is larger than the diameter of the discharging cylinder 71, the fallen dust can be more comprehensively received, the fallen dust is collected through the ash receiving box 91, the dust is more convenient for people to clean in a subsequent collection mode, the first gear 81 is driven to rotate while the stirring frame 6 rotates, the first rack 82 at the left part moves backwards and the first rack 82 at the right part moves forwards under the action of the first gear 81, the corresponding second fixing rod 83 is driven to move along with the corresponding ash blocking plate 85 to drive the corresponding dust suction pipe and dust suction device 84 to move along with the corresponding ash blocking plate, when the teeth on the first gear 81 are contacted with the forefront teeth on the first left rack 82 and the teeth on the first gear 81 are contacted with the first gear 81, namely the first rack 82 can not move any more, the first gear 81 can push the first left rack 82 backwards and push the first right rack 82 forwards, the first telescopic spring 87 can be stretched, when the teeth on the first gear 81 are separated from the forefront teeth on the first left rack 82 and the teeth on the first gear 81 are separated from the rearmost teeth on the first right rack 82 and the first gear 81, the first left rack 82 can move forwards and reset under the action of the corresponding first telescopic spring 87, the first rack 82 at the right part moves backward to reset under the action of the corresponding first telescopic spring 87, the first gear 81 continuously rotates, when the teeth on the first gear 81 are contacted with the forefront teeth on the first rack 82 at the left part again and the teeth on the first gear 81 are contacted with the rearmost teeth on the first rack 82 at the right part again, the steps are repeated, so that the first rack 82 continuously moves back and forth by a small extent, the ash blocking plate 85 can be blocked at the upper part of the discharging cylinder 71, thereby preventing dust from being raised and flowing into the air, meanwhile, people can also start the dust suction device 84, suck the dust into the ash storage box 86 through the dust suction opening, the dust suction device 84 and the hose, and as the dust is in a sealed state, the condition of dust explosion can occur once contacting with the air, therefore, a moving space exists between the dust collection opening and the dust collection device 84, so that dust is not completely in a sealed state, dust explosion is avoided, and when the dust collection device 84 works, an adsorption force can be provided for the dust, so that the dust is adsorbed into the dust storage box 86, the dust which is not adsorbed completely falls downwards under the action of inertia and falls into the dust receiving box 91 through meshes on the discharging cylinder 71, after the drying treatment of color master batch is finished, the output shaft of the motor 4 is controlled to reversely rotate, the stirring frame 6 is reversely rotated, the first gear 81 is driven to reversely rotate, the first rack 82 at the left part moves forwards for reset, the first rack 82 at the right part moves backwards for reset, the first rack 82 drives the corresponding second fixing rod 83, the heating device 7, the dust collection opening and the dust baffle 85 to move in the same direction for reset, then the motor 4, the heating device 7 and the dust collection device 84 are closed, the dried colored master batch is fished out from the discharging barrel 71, then the box door 2 is opened by reverse rotation, the rotary piece 93 rotates along with the box door, so that the dust collection box 91 can be driven to automatically move forward for resetting, at the moment, people can collect and clean the dust received in the dust collection box 91, the dust collection box 91 can concentrate the dust because the dust collection box 91 is positioned outside the sealing box 1, so that the dust collection box 91 is more convenient for people to clean the dust, the dust collection box 91 is made of stainless steel, the dust can be prevented from adhering to the dust collection box 91, in sum up, people can directly absorb the lifted dust through the dust collection device 84, can receive the dropped dust through the dust collection box 91 and take the dust out of the sealing box 1, the step of cleaning the narrow space inside the sealing box 1 can be omitted, thereby being more convenient for people to clean up dust in a concentrated way.
Example 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1, 8, 9 and 10, the dust scraping mechanism 10 is further included, the dust scraping mechanism 10 includes a third fixing rod 101, a second gear 102, a second rack 103, a wiper 104 and a dust receiving round frame 105, the left and right sides of the front portion of the discharging cylinder 71 are connected with the third fixing rod 101, the left and right sides of the rear portion of the discharging cylinder 71 are also connected with the third fixing rod 101, a wiper 104 is rotatably connected between the two third fixing rods 101 at the front portion, a wiper 104 is rotatably connected between the two third fixing rods 101 at the rear portion, the wiper 104 is used for automatically wiping a dust suction pipe and a dust suction port, the step of manual wiping by people is omitted, the left side of the wiper 104 at the front portion is connected with the second gear 102, the right side of the wiper 104 at the rear portion is connected with the second gear 102, the left front side of the front portion of the dust baffle 85 is connected with the second rack 103, the right and rear side of the dust baffle 85 at the rear portion is also connected with the second rack 103, the dust baffle 103 is also connected with the second rack 102, the right and the dust baffle 85 at the rear portion is meshed with the dust receiving round frame 105 at the lower round frame 105.
When the colored master batch is dried, the ash blocking plate 85 can move to one side close to each other, and when the ash blocking plate 85 is blocked above the discharging cylinder 71, a small amount of dust is adhered to the lower part of the ash blocking plate 85, in order to prevent dust from accumulating for a long time to block the dust suction pipe, therefore, people need to clean the dust adhered to the lower part of the ash blocking plate, the movement of the ash blocking plate can drive the second similar racks 103 to move along with the dust blocking plate, and under the action of the second racks 103, the second gears 102 rotate to drive the wiping piece 104 to rotate, after the colored master batch is dried, the ash blocking plate 85 can move to one side far away from each other to reset, the ash blocking plate 85 can drive the second similar racks 103 to move along with the dust blocking plate, so that the second gears 102 reversely rotate to drive the wiping piece 104 reversely, and then the lower part of the ash blocking plate 85 can be cleaned by the wiping piece 104, and then the dust adhered to the lower part of the ash blocking plate 85 can be cleaned down, and the next dust can be dropped down into the groove in the round frame 105, and the round frame 105 can be cleaned by the cleaning the dust can be collected by the round frame 105, and the dust can be collected by the round frame 105 only after the dust is collected by the dust is more than the round frame 105, and the dust is collected by the round frame is more convenient for cleaning the dust is more convenient for people, and dust is collected by the dust is more cleaned by the dust is more adhered to the round frame 105 and the dust is more adhered to the dust.
As shown in fig. 1, 10 and 11, the device further comprises a shaking-off mechanism 11, the shaking-off mechanism 11 comprises a wedge-shaped frame 111, a knocking hammer 112, an extrusion rod 113, a second telescopic spring 114 and a second sliding rail 115, the wedge-shaped frame 111 is connected to the rear side of the upper portion in the ash receiving box 91, the second sliding rails 115 are connected to the left and right sides of the lower portion of the discharging barrel 71, the knocking hammers 112 are slidably connected to the sides of the second sliding rails 115, the knocking hammers 112 are in extrusion fit with the discharging barrel 71, the second telescopic springs 114 are connected between the sides of the upper portion of the knocking hammers 112, which are far away from each other, and the second sliding rails 115, which are close to each other, the extrusion rod 113 is connected between the sides of the knocking hammers 112, the extrusion rod 113 is in extrusion fit with the wedge-shaped frame 111, and the extrusion rod 113 is extruded through the wedge-shaped frame 111, so that the extrusion rod 113 continuously drives the knocking hammers 112 to knock the discharging barrel 71 upwards, thereby continuously vibrating the discharging barrel 71.
When the ash receiving box 91 moves forward and brings dust out of the sealed box 1, the wedge frame 111 is driven to move forward, when the convex part on the wedge frame 111 contacts with the extrusion rod 113, the extrusion rod 113 moves upwards under the extrusion of the convex part on the wedge frame 111 to drive the knocking hammer 112 to move upwards, the second telescopic spring 114 is compressed, the knocking hammer 112 knocks the discharging barrel 71, when the convex part on the wedge frame 111 is far away from the extrusion rod 113, the knocking hammer 112 moves downwards to reset under the action of the second telescopic spring 114 to drive the extrusion rod 113 to move downwards to reset, the ash receiving box 91 drives the wedge frame 111 to move forwards continuously, and when the convex part on the wedge frame 111 contacts with the extrusion rod 113 again, the step is repeated, so that the knocking hammer 112 continuously and automatically knocks the discharging barrel 71, the discharging barrel 71 is continuously shaken, the residual dust on the discharging barrel 71 is shaken down, and the dust in the lower part of the ash receiving box 91 is shaken down, so that people can shake the discharging barrel 71 manually, and the step of cleaning dust is omitted, and the dust is more convenient to clean.
As shown in fig. 1, 13 and 14, the device further comprises a material taking mechanism 12, the material taking mechanism 12 comprises a first screw 121, a material sucking device 122 and a colored master batch box 123, the upper right side of the rear part of the sealing box 1 is rotationally connected with the first screw 121, the first screw 121 is in threaded connection with the material blocking pipe 31, the lower part of the material taking pipe 3 is connected with the material sucking device 122, the material sucking device 122 is communicated with the material taking pipe 3, the lower rear part of the sealing box 1 is connected with the colored master batch box 123, and the colored master batch after being processed is sucked out through the material sucking device 122 and the material taking pipe 3, so that the collection of people is facilitated.
In the initial state, the material blocking pipe 31 is mostly retracted into the material taking pipeline 3 and the sealing box 1, the material blocking pipe 31 shields the upper part of the material absorbing device 122, when colored master batches are required to be taken out after the drying treatment of the colored master batches is finished, people can rotate the first screw 121, so that the material blocking pipe 31 moves forwards, the material blocking pipe 31 does not shield the upper part of the material absorbing device 122, at the moment, the material absorbing device 122 is started again, the colored master batches can be absorbed into the material absorbing device 122 through the material taking pipeline 3, and can fall into the colored master batch box 123 to be received through the material absorbing device 122, so that people can collect the dried colored master batches more conveniently, after the colored master batches are absorbed, the material absorbing device 122 is closed, the first screw 121 is reversely rotated, and the material blocking pipe 31 is reset after the backward movement.
As shown in fig. 1, 15 and 16, the dust cleaning mechanism 13 further comprises a dust cleaning mechanism 13, the dust cleaning mechanism 13 comprises a third rack 131, a third gear 132, a second screw rod 133, a third slide rail 134 and a sponge block 135, the third rack 131 is connected to the rear side of the first slide rail 51 at the left part, the third rack 131 is also connected to the front side of the first slide rail 51 at the right part, the third slide rail 134 is connected to the front lower side of the dust suction device 84 at the front part, the third slide rail 134 is also connected to the rear lower side of the dust suction device 84 at the rear part, the second screw rod 133 is rotatably connected to the third slide rail 134 in the third slide rail 134, the third gear 132 is connected to the right side of the second screw rod 133 at the front part, the third gear 132 is engaged with the similar third rack 131, the sponge block 135 is connected to the second screw rod 133 in a threaded manner, the sponge block 135 is also connected to the similar third rack 134 in a sliding manner, the sponge block 135 is matched with a dust suction port on the similar dust suction device 84 in an extrusion manner, the sponge block 135 is also matched with the third rack 135 in a compression manner, and the dust suction pipe can be manually cleaned by the sponge block 135 through the step of manually cleaning the sponge block.
When the dust blocking plate 85 drives the corresponding dust collection device 84 to move towards one side close to each other, the dust collection device 84 drives the corresponding third sliding rail 134 to move along with the dust collection device 84, so that the corresponding second screw rod 133 drives the corresponding third gear 132 to move along with the dust collection device, the third gear 132 rotates under the action of the similar third rack 131, the corresponding second screw rod 133 is driven to rotate, the front sponge block 135 moves leftwards, the rear sponge block 135 moves rightwards, the similar dust collection pipe and the dust collection opening on the dust collection device 84 are wiped through the sponge block 135, after the drying treatment of color master batch is finished, the dust blocking plate drives the corresponding dust collection device 84 to move towards one side far away from each other, the corresponding third sliding rail 134 and the third gear 132 of the second screw rod 133 move along with the dust collection device, the third gear 132 reversely rotates under the action of the similar third rack 131, the corresponding second screw rod 133 reversely rotates, the front sponge block 135 moves leftwards, the rear sponge block 135 moves leftwards, the sponge block 135 automatically wipes the similar dust collection pipe and the dust collection opening on the similar dust collection pipe and the dust collection pipe, dust collection device is cleaned off, and dust collection residues on the dust collection pipe can be cleaned manually, and dust collection steps can be saved.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it would be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes may be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (3)

1. Dust cleaning device is used in production of coloured masterbatch, characterized by including:
the device comprises a sealing box (1) and a box door (2), wherein the left side and the right side of the front part of the sealing box (1) are both rotationally connected with the box door (2); the upper side of the rear part of the sealing box (1) is connected with a material taking pipeline (3), and the material taking pipeline (3) is communicated with the sealing box (1); the material blocking pipe (31) is connected with the material blocking pipe (31) in the material taking pipeline (3) in a sliding manner, and the material blocking pipe (31) is connected with the sealing box (1) in a sliding manner; the left side and the right side of the upper part of the sealing box (1) are connected with the first fixing rod (5); the first sliding rail (51) is connected with one side, close to each other, of the upper part of the first fixing rod (5); a motor (4) is connected between the sides, close to each other, of the upper parts of the first fixing rods (5); a stirring frame (6), wherein the lower part of the output shaft of the motor (4) is connected with the stirring frame (6); the upper part of the sealing box (1) is connected with a discharging barrel (71), the lower part of the discharging barrel (71) penetrates into the sealing box (1), meshes are uniformly distributed at the bottom of the discharging barrel (71), and the discharging barrel (71) is communicated with the material taking pipeline (3); the outer ring of the discharging cylinder (71) is connected with the heating device (7); a dust collection mechanism (8), wherein the upper part of the discharging cylinder (71) is provided with the dust collection mechanism (8) for adsorbing dust; the ash receiving mechanism (9) is arranged in the sealing box (1) and is used for receiving dust falling;
the dust collection mechanism (8) comprises: a first gear (81), wherein the upper part of the stirring frame (6) is connected with the first gear (81); the ash blocking plates (85) are connected with the ash blocking plates (85) in the first sliding rail (51) in a sliding mode, dust collection pipes are connected to the ash blocking plates (85), and the dust collection pipes are communicated with the discharging cylinders (71); the left rear side of the ash blocking plate (85) at the front part is connected with the second fixing rod (83), and the right front side of the ash blocking plate (85) at the rear part is also connected with the second fixing rod (83); the first racks (82) are connected to the second fixing rods (83) in a sliding mode, and the first racks (82) are meshed with the first gears (81); the dust collecting devices (84) are connected with the dust collecting devices (84) on the dust baffle plates (85), dust collecting openings are formed in the dust collecting devices (84), and the dust collecting openings are located right above the similar dust collecting pipes; the upper side of the first fixed rod (5) at the left part is connected with an ash storage box (86), and the ash storage box (86) is communicated with the two dust collection devices (84) through a hose; the first telescopic springs (87) are connected between the first racks (82) and the second close fixed rods (83);
the ash receiving mechanism (9) comprises: the ash receiving box (91) is connected with the ash receiving box (91) in a sliding manner in the sealing box (1), and the diameter of the ash receiving box (91) is larger than that of the discharging barrel (71); the fixing piece (92) is connected with one side, close to each other, of the front lower part of the box door (2); the rotary parts (93) are rotationally connected to the fixing parts (92), and the rear sides of the rotary parts (93) are rotationally connected with the ash receiving box (91);
the dust scraping mechanism (10) is used for scraping off dust adhered to the lower part of the dust blocking plate (85), and the dust scraping mechanism (10) comprises: the left and right sides of the front part of the discharging barrel (71) are connected with the third fixing rods (101), and the left and right sides of the rear part of the discharging barrel (71) are also connected with the third fixing rods (101); the cleaning piece (104) is rotatably connected between the two third fixed rods (101) at the front part, the cleaning piece (104) is rotatably connected between the two third fixed rods (101) at the rear part, and the cleaning piece (104) is also rotatably connected between the two third fixed rods (101); a second gear (102), the left side of the front wiper (104) is connected with the second gear (102), and the right side of the rear wiper (104) is connected with the second gear (102); the left front side of the ash blocking plate (85) at the front part is connected with a second rack (103), the right rear side of the ash blocking plate (85) at the rear part is also connected with the second rack (103), and the second racks (103) are meshed with a similar second gear (102); the outer ring of the upper part of the discharging cylinder (71) is connected with the ash receiving round frame (105), and a groove is formed in the ash receiving round frame (105);
the device also comprises a shaking-off mechanism (11) for shaking the discharging cylinder (71), wherein the shaking-off mechanism (11) comprises: the wedge-shaped frame (111) is connected with the rear side of the inner upper part of the ash receiving box (91); the left side and the right side of the lower part of the discharging cylinder (71) are connected with the second sliding rail (115); the knocking hammer (112) is connected with the knocking hammer (112) in a sliding manner on one side, close to each other, of the second sliding rail (115), and the knocking hammer (112) is in extrusion fit with the discharging barrel (71); the second telescopic springs (114) are connected between one side, away from each other, of the upper part of the knocking hammer (112) and the second similar sliding rail (115); the extruding rod (113) is connected between one sides of the knocking hammer (112) which are close to each other, and the extruding rod (113) is in extrusion fit with the wedge-shaped frame (111);
the dust cleaning device also comprises a dust cleaning mechanism (13) for cleaning the dust suction pipe and the dust suction port, and the dust cleaning mechanism (13) comprises: the rear side of the first sliding rail (51) at the left part is connected with the third rack (131), and the front side of the first sliding rail (51) at the right part is also connected with the third rack (131); the front lower side of the dust collection device (84) at the front part is connected with the third slide rail (134), and the rear lower side of the dust collection device (84) at the rear part is also connected with the third slide rail (134); the second screw rods (133) are rotatably connected in the third slide rails (134); the right side of the second screw rod (133) at the front part is connected with a third gear (132), the left side of the second screw rod (133) at the rear part is also connected with the third gear (132), and the third gears (132) are meshed with similar third racks (131); the sponge block (135) is connected with the sponge block (135) through threads on the second screw rod (133), the sponge block (135) is connected with the similar third sliding rail (134) in a sliding mode, the sponge block (135) is in extrusion fit with a dust collection opening on the similar dust collection device (84), and the sponge block (135) is also in extrusion fit with a similar dust collection pipe.
2. A dust cleaning apparatus for producing colored master batches according to claim 1, further comprising a material taking mechanism (12) for collecting the colored master batches, wherein the material taking mechanism (12) comprises:
the right upper side of the rear part of the sealing box (1) is rotatably connected with the first screw (121), the first screw (121) is in threaded connection with the material blocking pipe (31), and the material blocking pipe (31) is in sliding connection with the sealing box (1); the lower part of the material taking pipeline (3) is connected with the material absorbing device (122), and the material absorbing device (122) is communicated with the material taking pipeline (3); the colored master batch box (123) is connected with the rear lower part of the sealing box (1) and is provided with the colored master batch box (123).
3. A dust cleaning apparatus for colored master batch production as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the dust receiving box (91) is made of stainless steel.
CN202310581012.7A 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 Dust cleaning device is used in production of coloured masterbatch Active CN116277586B (en)

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CN116277586B true CN116277586B (en) 2023-07-21

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CN214918800U (en) * 2021-03-03 2021-11-30 湖南淼顺实业有限公司 Dust suction device for integrated circuit research and development
CN115350778A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-11-18 湖南蓝旗格气体有限公司 Acetylene reaction device
CN218700370U (en) * 2022-11-17 2023-03-24 庆云县华新塑料母粒有限公司 Master batch colour mixture mixer

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN209304809U (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-08-27 优矿塑新材料科技(芜湖)有限公司 A kind of master batch dry dust removal device
CN109955402A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-07-02 安徽集虹材料科技有限公司 A kind of Masterbatch granulation device
CN211118488U (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-07-28 中山市捷邦电子有限公司 Parking area is with high-efficient information acquisition stake
CN211358129U (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-08-28 淮安快乐地食品科技有限公司 Bag collector is with preventing blockking up dust export
CN111572250A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-25 刘必华 Dust diffusion prevention type blackboard wiper
CN212385953U (en) * 2020-06-02 2021-01-22 庆云县华新塑料母粒有限公司 Dust removal outer cover of double-screw extruder
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CN214136807U (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-09-07 南京淳康包装有限责任公司 Raw material proportioning and filling device for production of anti-reflection master batches of plastic uptake packing boxes
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CN115350778A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-11-18 湖南蓝旗格气体有限公司 Acetylene reaction device
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Denomination of invention: A dust cleaning device for the production of colored masterbatch

Effective date of registration: 20230926

Granted publication date: 20230721

Pledgee: Qingyun County sub branch of Postal Savings Bank of China Ltd.

Pledgor: Qingyun Huaxin plastic masterbatch Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2023980058985