CN116101147A - Trackless rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation - Google Patents

Trackless rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116101147A
CN116101147A CN202310242850.1A CN202310242850A CN116101147A CN 116101147 A CN116101147 A CN 116101147A CN 202310242850 A CN202310242850 A CN 202310242850A CN 116101147 A CN116101147 A CN 116101147A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tongs
telescopic
car
connecting rod
hopper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202310242850.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜开典
田超
孙余东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JINING SITONG ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO LTD
Original Assignee
JINING SITONG ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JINING SITONG ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO LTD filed Critical JINING SITONG ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO LTD
Priority to CN202310242850.1A priority Critical patent/CN116101147A/en
Publication of CN116101147A publication Critical patent/CN116101147A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/44Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading having a loading platform thereon raising the load to the level of the load-transporting element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Load-Engaging Elements For Cranes (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model provides a special material transportation trackless rubber-tyred car, includes locomotive and car hopper, and the both sides of car hopper all set up a fender grillage, and the inboard of fender grillage sets up a five mechanical hand, five mechanical hand includes the flexible stand of fixing in the car hopper, and the upper end of flexible stand vertically sets up a flexible roof beam, and the outside end of flexible roof beam is connected with and embraces a section of thick bamboo frame, embraces a section of thick bamboo frame and includes connecting rod, holder and two and is curved tongs, and the lower extreme and the holder fixed connection of connecting rod, the upper end of connecting rod link to each other with flexible roof beam through a horizontal slewer, and the holder upper end articulates a tongs hydro-cylinder through the hangers, and the piston rod of tongs hydro-cylinder articulates with the middle part of tongs, and the inboard end of tongs is connected with the tongs active device of holder lower extreme through the round pin axle. The invention can meet the requirement of conveying 2 iron sheet cylinders at one time, and improves the operation efficiency; one person can realize the whole flow of the loading and unloading vehicle, thereby saving the person and the labor, reducing the personnel and enhancing the efficiency; the remote control operation can lead the operator to be far away from the dangerous area, thereby ensuring the safety.

Description

Trackless rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of mine roadway equipment transportation, and particularly relates to a special material transportation trackless rubber-tyred vehicle.
Background
When the tunnel is underground mining, the tunnel is a tunnel tunneled for mining lifting, transportation, ventilation, drainage, power supply and the like, the cross section shape of the tunnel is arch-shaped, trapezoid or rectangular, surrounding rock is soft and is round, oval or horseshoe-shaped, the original tunnel transportation adopts a ground rail and endless rope, the transportation process is slow and dangerous, and sometimes the underground coal mine needs to transport an iron sheet cylinder with the diameter of 1.2m, the length of 3.6m and the weight of 300kg, and the transportation is difficult due to the shorter mine tunnel, and the loading and unloading of the iron sheet cylinder are inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a special material transportation trackless rubber-tyred vehicle which is suitable for transportation in a roadway, is convenient for loading and unloading of an iron sheet cylinder, and is beneficial to improving the operation efficiency.
The object of the invention is achieved in the following way: the invention relates to a trolley-bus rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation, which comprises a vehicle head and a vehicle hopper, wherein an engine bin is arranged in the vehicle head, two baffle plates are arranged on two sides of the vehicle hopper, a five-axis manipulator is arranged on the inner side of the baffle plates, the five-axis manipulator comprises a telescopic upright post fixed in the vehicle hopper, the upper end of the telescopic upright post is vertically provided with a telescopic beam, the outer side end of the telescopic beam is connected with a cylinder holding frame, the cylinder holding frame comprises a connecting rod, a clamping seat and two arc-shaped gripping apparatuses, the clamping seat is also called as the gripping apparatus fixing device of the invention, the lower end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the clamping seat, the upper end of the connecting rod is connected with the telescopic beam through a horizontal turning device, the upper end of the clamping seat is hinged with a gripping apparatus cylinder through a hanging lug, the piston rod of the gripping apparatus cylinder is hinged with the middle part of the gripping apparatus, and the inner side end of the gripping apparatus is connected with the gripping apparatus movable device of the lower end of the clamping seat through a pin shaft. The gripping apparatus moving device can be a hinged plate arranged at the lower end of the clamping seat, and a hinged hole connected with the gripping apparatus is arranged on the hinged plate.
The engine bin is connected with the hopper through the engine bin connecting device and is used for transporting cargoes, and the engine bin is provided with an automatic fire extinguishing device and adopts a fine spraying technology to effectively protect the whole engine room. The vehicle power adopts a 60kW explosion-proof diesel engine, a 5-axis hydraulic mechanical arm capable of being operated by a remote control and a lifting baffle frame are arranged in a vehicle hopper, and only 1 person is required to operate, so that the mechanization of material loading and unloading is realized; stall protection, gas monitoring, 360-degree panoramic automobile data recorder and vehicle-mounted black box are configured in the driving, so that real-time monitoring and intelligent fault inquiry can be realized; the rubber wheels are arranged at the lower ends of the hoppers, so that vibration can be reduced, the temperature can be lowered, the external impact load can be buffered, and solid explosion-proof filling tires can be adopted; the whole vehicle is provided with the millimeter radar wave detector, the detector has high precision and strong anti-interference capability, the automatic anti-collision function is realized, and the driving safety is ensured.
The baffle frame comprises two U-shaped lifting baffles which are arranged in parallel, each lifting baffle comprises two guide cylinders and a U-shaped lifting plate, the lower ends of the guide cylinders are fixedly connected with the hopper, two side plates of each lifting plate are inserted into the guide cylinders in a guiding manner, one lifting oil cylinder can be placed in each guide cylinder, the cylinder body of each lifting oil cylinder is connected with the hopper or the guide cylinders, and the piston rod of each lifting oil cylinder is connected with the side plate of each lifting plate. The baffle frame is connected with the hopper and used for preventing the goods from turning over; the baffle frame is internally provided with a lifting device for lifting or lowering the baffle plate so as to meet different requirements of the height of the goods.
Two groups of telescopic support legs are further arranged on two sides of the car hopper, each telescopic support leg comprises a telescopic arm transversely fixed at the lower end of the car hopper, a support leg oil cylinder is fixed at the outer side end of each telescopic arm, and a base is hinged to a rod body at the lower end of each support leg oil cylinder.
The design of the telescopic support leg enlarges the area of the stable support area of the whole vehicle and improves the stability of the whole vehicle during operation.
The upper part of the connecting rod is also provided with a transition rod, the lower end of the transition rod is connected with the connecting rod through a gripping apparatus hinging device, the upper end of the transition rod is connected with a horizontal turning device, and the transition rod is also provided with a vertical turning device. The transition rod and the connecting rod can be hinged in a fork shape, the horizontal rotating device and the vertical rotating device are both hydraulic rotating devices, and the hydraulic rotating devices comprise a hydraulic motor, a brake, a hydraulic control system, an output gear and the like, which are products in the prior art, and are sold by North Lun Ming Rui hydraulic equipment limited company in Ningbo city. The five-axis mechanical arm realizes the rotation of the cylinder gripping apparatus in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction through the horizontal rotation device and the vertical rotation device so as to meet the angles of different angles of cargoes. In addition, a manipulator hinging device can be arranged between the telescopic upright post and the telescopic beam.
According to the invention, the opening and closing of the gripping apparatus are realized through the gripping apparatus oil cylinder, so that the requirements of goods with different diameters are met, when the vehicle is parked at a proper position, a person operates the supporting oil cylinder outside a safe distance through a remote controller, the supporting oil cylinder is opened, the five-axis hydraulic mechanical arm extends out, the iron sheet cylinder is gripped and placed in a car hopper, 2 iron sheet cylinders can be loaded each time, and the baffle frame is lifted after loading. Specifically, the telescopic distance of the telescopic beam is controlled by a telescopic oil cylinder in the telescopic beam, the gripping device is controlled by a gripping device oil cylinder to grip the iron sheet cylinder, and then the iron sheet cylinder is moved back to the position between two baffle frames in the car hopper; when the second iron sheet cylinder needs to be grabbed, the baffle frame firstly rises to a proper height through the lifting oil cylinder, and after the telescopic upright post is lifted to a proper height, the grabbing device is controlled by the telescopic beam and the grabbing device oil cylinder to transfer the second iron sheet cylinder to the upper edge of the first iron sheet cylinder. When the iron sheet cylinder in the hopper is required to be dismounted, the control gripping device grips the iron sheet cylinder on the upper side, transfers the iron sheet cylinder to the outside of the hopper through the telescopic beam, and then vertically places the iron sheet cylinder at a proper position on the ground through the rotary device; then after the baffle frame and the telescopic upright post are controlled to move downwards to a proper height, the control gripping device grips the lower iron sheet cylinder, and when the lower iron sheet cylinder is transferred to the outside of the hopper through the telescopic beam, the iron sheet cylinder is vertically placed at a proper ground position through the rotating device. The height of the tunnel is 3.7m, and the length of the iron sheet cylinder is 3.6m, so that the rotary oil cylinder and the telescopic upright post are required to be operated in a matched mode in the process of erecting the iron sheet cylinder.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: according to the invention, the iron sheet cylinder can be easily transferred into the hopper through the cooperation of the lifting upright post, the telescopic beam and the gripper cylinder, the loading height or the loading capacity of the hopper can be improved through the lifting baffle frame, and the cylinders can be conveniently detached and vertically placed due to the narrow roadway and the design and application of the horizontal turning device and the vertical turning device; the invention can meet the requirement of conveying 2 iron sheet cylinders at one time, and improves the operation efficiency; one person can realize the whole flow of the loading and unloading vehicle, thereby saving the person and the labor, reducing the personnel and enhancing the efficiency; the remote control operation can lead operators to be far away from dangerous areas, so that the safety is ensured; various auxiliary driving and monitoring equipment can ensure the driving safety of the vehicle.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a right side view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the loading structure of the hopper.
In the figure: 1. the vehicle comprises a baffle frame, a vehicle hopper, an engine bin, a vehicle head, a lifting baffle, an iron sheet cylinder, a five-shaft manipulator, a telescopic upright post, a telescopic beam, a horizontal slewing device, a vertical slewing device and a vertical slewing device, 12, a gripper hinging device, 13, a clamping seat, 14, a gripper oil cylinder, 15, a gripper, 16, a gripper moving device, 17, a telescopic arm, 18, a landing leg oil cylinder, 19, a manipulator hinging device and 20, a connecting rod.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1-3, a trolley-bus rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation comprises a vehicle head 4 and a vehicle hopper 2, wherein the vehicle body is 2m in width and about 5.8m in length, the vehicle hopper is 3.8m in length and 0.3m in ground clearance, an engine bin 3 is arranged in the vehicle head 4, rubber wheels are arranged at the lower end of the vehicle hopper, baffle frames 1 are arranged on two sides of the vehicle hopper 2, a five-axis manipulator 7 is arranged on the inner side of the baffle frame 1, the five-axis manipulator 7 comprises a telescopic upright post 8 fixed in the vehicle hopper, a telescopic beam 9 is vertically arranged at the upper end of the telescopic upright post 8, a cylinder holding frame is connected with the outer side end of the telescopic beam 9, the cylinder holding frame comprises a connecting rod 20, a clamp seat 13 and two arc-shaped grippers 15, the lower end of the connecting rod 20 is fixedly connected with the clamp seat 13, the upper end of the connecting rod 20 is connected with the telescopic beam 9 through a horizontal turning device 10, the upper end of the clamp seat 13 is hinged with a gripper cylinder 14 through a hanging lug, the middle part of the gripper cylinder 14 is hinged with the piston rod 15, and the inner side of the gripper 15 is connected with the movable clamp seat 16 through a pin shaft 16. The baffle frame 1 comprises two U-shaped lifting baffles which are arranged in parallel, each lifting baffle comprises two guide cylinders and a U-shaped lifting baffle 5, the lower ends of the guide cylinders are fixedly connected with the hopper, and two side plates of the lifting baffle 5 are inserted into the guide cylinders in a guiding manner. Two groups of telescopic support legs are further arranged on two sides of the car hopper 2, each telescopic support leg comprises a telescopic arm 17 transversely fixed at the lower end of the car hopper, a support leg oil cylinder 18 is fixed at the outer side end of each telescopic arm, and a base is hinged to a rod body at the lower end of each support leg oil cylinder. A transition rod is further arranged above the connecting rod 20, the lower end of the transition rod is connected with the connecting rod 20 through the gripper hinging device 12, the upper end of the transition rod is connected with the horizontal turning device 10, and a vertical turning device 11 is further arranged on the transition rod.
When the hydraulic manipulator is used, a vehicle is parked at a proper position, a person operates the hydraulic manipulator through a remote controller outside a safe distance, opens the supporting oil cylinder, stretches out the 5-axis hydraulic manipulator arm, grabs the iron sheet cylinder 6, places the hydraulic manipulator arm in the hopper 2, can be filled with 2 iron sheet cylinders each time, and lifts the baffle frame 1 after loading. Specifically, the telescopic distance of the telescopic beam is controlled by a telescopic oil cylinder in the telescopic beam 9, the gripping device is controlled by a gripping device oil cylinder to grip the iron sheet cylinder, and then the iron sheet cylinder is moved back to the position between the two baffle frames 1 in the car hopper 2; when the second iron sheet cylinder needs to be grabbed, the baffle frame 1 is firstly lifted to a proper height through the lifting oil cylinder, and after the telescopic upright post 8 is lifted to a proper height, the grabber is controlled to transfer the second iron sheet cylinder to the upper side of the first iron sheet cylinder through the telescopic beam 9 and the grabber oil cylinder 14. When the iron sheet cylinder 6 in the hopper 2 needs to be dismounted, the upper iron sheet cylinder is grabbed by the control grabber and is transferred to the outside of the hopper through the telescopic beam 9, and then the iron sheet cylinder is vertically placed at a proper position on the ground through the rotary device; then after the baffle frame 1 and the telescopic upright post 8 are controlled to move downwards to a proper height, the control gripping device 15 grips the lower iron sheet cylinder, and when the lower iron sheet cylinder is transferred to the outside of the hopper through the telescopic beam 9, the iron sheet cylinder is vertically placed at a proper position on the ground through the rotating device. Because the height of the roadway is 3.7m and the length of the iron sheet cylinder is 3.6m, the rotary oil cylinder and the telescopic upright post are required to be operated in a matched manner in the process of erecting the iron sheet cylinder, the invention can meet the requirement of conveying 2 iron sheet cylinders at a time, and improves the operation efficiency; one person can realize the whole flow of the loading and unloading vehicle, thereby saving the person and the labor, reducing the personnel and enhancing the efficiency; the remote control operation can lead operators to be far away from dangerous areas, so that the safety is ensured; various auxiliary driving and monitoring equipment can ensure the driving safety of the vehicle.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a special material transportation trackless rubber-tyred car, includes locomotive and car hopper, its characterized in that: be provided with engine compartment (3) in locomotive (4), the both sides of car hopper (2) all set up a fender frame (1), and the inboard of fender frame (1) sets up a five-axis manipulator (7), five-axis manipulator (7) are including fixing telescopic column (8) in the car hopper, and the upper end of telescopic column (8) vertically sets up a telescopic beam (9), and the outside end of telescopic beam (9) is connected with and holds a section of thick bamboo frame, it includes connecting rod (20), holder (13) and two curved tongs (15) to hold a section of thick bamboo frame, and the lower extreme and the holder (13) fixed connection of connecting rod (20), the upper end of connecting rod (20) links to each other with telescopic beam (9) through a horizontal slewer (10), and the piston rod of tongs hydro-cylinder (14) is articulated with the middle part of tongs (15) through the hangers, and the inboard end of tongs (15) is connected with tongs movable device (16) of holder (13) lower extreme through the round pin axle.
2. The special material transporting trolley-bus rubber-tyred car of claim 1, wherein: the baffle frame (1) comprises two U-shaped lifting baffles which are arranged in parallel, each lifting baffle comprises two guide cylinders and a U-shaped lifting baffle (5), the lower ends of the guide cylinders are fixedly connected with the hopper, and two side plates of each lifting baffle (5) are inserted into the guide cylinders in a guiding manner.
3. The special material transporting trolley-bus rubber-tyred car of claim 1, wherein: two groups of telescopic support legs are further arranged on two sides of the car hopper (2), each telescopic support leg comprises a telescopic arm (17) transversely fixed at the lower end of the car hopper, a support leg oil cylinder (18) is fixed at the outer side end of each telescopic arm, and a base is hinged to a rod body at the lower end of each support leg oil cylinder.
4. The special material transporting trolley-bus rubber-tyred car of claim 1, wherein: a transition rod is further arranged above the connecting rod (20), the lower end of the transition rod is connected with the connecting rod (20) through a gripper hinging device (12), the upper end of the transition rod is connected with the horizontal turning device (10), and a vertical turning device (11) is further arranged on the transition rod.
5. The special material transporting trolley-bus rubber-tyred car of claim 1, wherein: the engine bin (3) is provided with an automatic fire extinguishing device.
6. The special material transporting trolley-bus rubber-tyred car of claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the car hopper (2) is provided with a rubber wheel.
CN202310242850.1A 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 Trackless rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation Pending CN116101147A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310242850.1A CN116101147A (en) 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 Trackless rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310242850.1A CN116101147A (en) 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 Trackless rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN116101147A true CN116101147A (en) 2023-05-12

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ID=86263943

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310242850.1A Pending CN116101147A (en) 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 Trackless rubber-tyred vehicle for special material transportation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN116101147A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116620802A (en) * 2023-07-19 2023-08-22 中建安装集团有限公司 Transportation method utilizing indoor construction intelligent material transportation system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116620802A (en) * 2023-07-19 2023-08-22 中建安装集团有限公司 Transportation method utilizing indoor construction intelligent material transportation system
CN116620802B (en) * 2023-07-19 2023-10-24 中建安装集团有限公司 Transportation method utilizing indoor construction intelligent material transportation system

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