CN115582443A - Wire drawing device for production of assembled wall body reinforcing steel bars and wire drawing method thereof - Google Patents

Wire drawing device for production of assembled wall body reinforcing steel bars and wire drawing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115582443A
CN115582443A CN202211192559.XA CN202211192559A CN115582443A CN 115582443 A CN115582443 A CN 115582443A CN 202211192559 A CN202211192559 A CN 202211192559A CN 115582443 A CN115582443 A CN 115582443A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel bar
wire drawing
transmission
motor
lubricating
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Pending
Application number
CN202211192559.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
康星
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bozhou Jinggong Lvjian Energy Saving Building Co ltd
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Bozhou Jinggong Lvjian Energy Saving Building Co ltd
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Priority to CN202211192559.XA priority Critical patent/CN115582443A/en
Publication of CN115582443A publication Critical patent/CN115582443A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C1/00Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
    • B21C1/02Drawing metal wire or like flexible metallic material by drawing machines or apparatus in which the drawing action is effected by drums
    • B21C1/04Drawing metal wire or like flexible metallic material by drawing machines or apparatus in which the drawing action is effected by drums with two or more dies operating in series
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C1/00Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
    • B21C1/02Drawing metal wire or like flexible metallic material by drawing machines or apparatus in which the drawing action is effected by drums
    • B21C1/12Regulating or controlling speed of drawing drums, e.g. to influence tension; Drives; Stop or relief mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C1/00Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
    • B21C1/02Drawing metal wire or like flexible metallic material by drawing machines or apparatus in which the drawing action is effected by drums
    • B21C1/14Drums, e.g. capstans; Connection of grippers thereto; Grippers specially adapted for drawing machines or apparatus of the drum type; Couplings specially adapted for these drums
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C19/00Devices for straightening wire or like work combined with or specially adapted for use in connection with drawing or winding machines or apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C3/00Profiling tools for metal drawing; Combinations of dies and mandrels
    • B21C3/02Dies; Selection of material therefor; Cleaning thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C43/00Devices for cleaning metal products combined with or specially adapted for use with machines or apparatus provided for in this subclass
    • B21C43/02Devices for cleaning metal products combined with or specially adapted for use with machines or apparatus provided for in this subclass combined with or specially adapted for use in connection with drawing or winding machines or apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C43/00Devices for cleaning metal products combined with or specially adapted for use with machines or apparatus provided for in this subclass
    • B21C43/02Devices for cleaning metal products combined with or specially adapted for use with machines or apparatus provided for in this subclass combined with or specially adapted for use in connection with drawing or winding machines or apparatus
    • B21C43/04Devices for de-scaling wire or like flexible work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C9/00Cooling, heating or lubricating drawing material

Abstract

The invention discloses a wire drawing device for producing an assembled wall steel bar and a wire drawing method thereof, wherein the wire drawing device comprises a base, and the upper end surface of the base is sequentially provided with a unreeling roller, a guide conveying mechanism, a straightening mechanism, a derusting mechanism, a lubricating mechanism, a wire drawing mechanism and a winding mechanism from front to back; the pickling tank is arranged inside the front end of the base, and mounting adjusting plates are fixedly mounted on two sides of the pickling tank; the cleaning cylinder is arranged inside the rust removing mechanism, the front end of the cleaning cylinder is rotatably connected with the rust removing mechanism through a bearing, four arc-shaped plates which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged inside the cleaning cylinder, and four adjusting bolts which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged outside the cleaning cylinder; the circulative cooling pipe, it sets up in winding mechanism's inside, has solved the reinforcing bar and has easily caused the damage and cause this body ditch mark or cracked problem of appearing of reinforcing bar to the die hole of drawing wire at the oxide layer on wire drawing in-process surface.

Description

Wire drawing device for production of assembled wall body reinforcing steel bars and wire drawing method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of prefabricated wall steel bar drawing, in particular to a drawing device and a drawing method for production of an assembled wall steel bar.
Background
With the continuous development of the fabricated building, the prefabricated wall serves as a key component of the fabricated building, an internal framework needs to be constructed through reinforcing steel bars during production, the reinforcing steel bars need to be drawn in advance to improve the hardness of the reinforcing steel bars, conventional reinforcing steel bars are forced to be drawn out through reinforcing steel bar drawing die holes, the diameter of the reinforcing steel bars is gradually reduced, and the length of the reinforcing steel bars is gradually increased.
For example, chinese granted patent No. CN207533693U "a reinforcing bar wire drawing equipment for producing fabricated floor support plate" includes the frame, be equipped with a plurality of jacks on one side lateral wall of frame, and rotate through rotating the piece in the jack and be connected with the gyro wheel, still be equipped with the straightener on one side lateral wall of frame, be equipped with driving motor on one side lateral wall of casing, and driving motor's pivot runs through the lateral wall of casing and is connected with the reel, be equipped with the fixed block of horizontal setting on one side lateral wall of casing, be equipped with the pilot hole on one side lateral wall of fixed block. This scheme simple structure, convenient operation, this reinforcing bar wire drawing machine function is comprehensive, both can carry out the wire winding to the reinforcing bar after the alignment of drawing a wire and handle, can handle the reinforcing bar dissection again.
Although the prior art can realize the straightening and winding treatment of the steel bar, a layer of iron oxide rust on the surface of the steel bar is ignored in the wire drawing process, the iron oxide rust is hard in texture, a wire drawing die hole is easy to damage, and the steel bar can generate groove marks or fracture during wire drawing, so that the existing requirements are not met.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a wire drawing device for production of an assembled wall steel bar and a wire drawing method thereof, and aims to solve the problems that an oxide layer on the surface of the steel bar in the wire drawing process in the background technology is easy to damage a wire drawing die hole and cause groove marks or fracture of the steel bar.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a wire drawing device for production of an assembled wall steel bar and a wire drawing method thereof comprise a base, wherein the upper end surface of the base is sequentially provided with a unreeling roller, a guide conveying mechanism, a straightening mechanism, a rust removing mechanism, a lubricating mechanism, a wire drawing mechanism and a winding mechanism from front to back;
the pickling tank is arranged inside the front end of the base, mounting adjusting plates are fixedly mounted on two sides of the pickling tank, and the unwinding roller is mounted between the mounting adjusting plates;
the cleaning cylinder is arranged inside the rust removing mechanism, the front end of the cleaning cylinder is rotatably connected with the rust removing mechanism through a bearing, four arc-shaped plates which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged inside the cleaning cylinder, four adjusting bolts which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged outside the cleaning cylinder, the adjusting bolts are in threaded connection with the cleaning cylinder, and one end of each adjusting bolt penetrates through the cleaning cylinder to be matched with the arc-shaped plates in a rotating mode;
and the circulating cooling pipe is arranged in the winding mechanism and spirally surrounds the inner wall of the winding mechanism.
In a further embodiment, a first transmission gear is installed at the rear end of the cleaning cylinder, a third motor is arranged below the cleaning cylinder, a driving gear is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the third motor and meshed with the first transmission gear, wiping sheets are installed on the inner sides of the arc-shaped plates, and adjusting windows are arranged on two sides and the upper end of the derusting mechanism.
In a further embodiment, a limiting block is integrally arranged at the front end of the inner side of the arc-shaped plate, the front end of the wiping sheet is sleeved into the limiting block, the arc-shaped plate and the wiping sheet are connected through a sticky buckle, and the sleeved direction of the wiping sheet is the same as the moving direction of the reinforcing steel bars.
In a further embodiment, the upper end and the lower end in the lubricating mechanism are both provided with a lubricating liquid storage cavity, one end of the lubricating liquid storage cavity is provided with a pressure pump, two infusion tubes are arranged in a cavity in the lubricating mechanism and are parallel to the steel bars on the vertical surface, and one side of each infusion tube is provided with a plurality of spray heads.
In further embodiment, the inside rear end of base is provided with the coolant liquid and stores up the chamber, and the coolant liquid stores up and is connected through the wet return between the upper end of chamber and circulative cooling pipe, the top that the coolant liquid stored up the chamber is provided with the transmission chamber, winding mechanism's bottom is provided with the rotary disk, and the lower extreme of rotary disk extends to the inside in transmission chamber, the one end that the rotary disk is located the transmission chamber is provided with second drive gear, and one side in transmission chamber is provided with the motor that is equipped with the gear, and second drive gear is connected with the gear engagement of motor upper end, the circulating pump is installed to the opposite side in transmission chamber, and the one end of circulating pump extends to the inside that the coolant liquid stored up the chamber, and the other end of circulating pump passes the rotary disk and is connected with the lower extreme of circulative cooling pipe.
In a further embodiment, two driving guide wheels are arranged inside the guide conveying mechanism, a second motor is installed at the rear end of one driving guide wheel, the output shaft of the second motor and the rear end of the other driving guide wheel are in belt transmission, a hydraulic lifting device is fixedly installed above the inside of the guide conveying mechanism, an installation plate is fixedly installed at the lower end of the hydraulic lifting device, two pressing wheels are installed below the installation plate, and a steering wheel is installed at the front end of the guide conveying mechanism.
In a further embodiment, four straightening wheels which are distributed in a vertically staggered manner are arranged at the front end of the straightening mechanism, the straightening wheels are connected with the straightening mechanism through bearings, and reinforcing steel bars pass through the straightening wheels in an S shape.
In a further embodiment, the internally mounted of wire drawing mechanism has two perpendicular screw thread transfer poles that distribute, install the regulating plate between the screw thread transfer pole, the internally mounted of regulating plate has reinforcing bar wire drawing mould, and reinforcing bar wire drawing mould installs threely, and reinforcing bar wire drawing mould passes through the screw fixation with the regulating plate, drive mechanism is installed to one side of wire drawing mechanism, and the one end of screw thread transfer pole all extends to drive mechanism's inside, and the screw thread transfer pole is located and passes through the chain belt transmission between the inside one end of drive mechanism, first motor is installed to one side of drive mechanism.
In a further embodiment, the front and the back of the adjusting plate are both provided with a heat dissipation fan fixed with the wire drawing mechanism.
The wire drawing method of the wire drawing device for producing the assembled wall body reinforcing steel bar comprises the following steps:
immersing a unreeling roller wound on a steel bar in a pickling tank, wherein diluted hydrochloric acid is arranged in the pickling tank and is immersed for twenty minutes;
step two, in the waiting time of oxide layer separation, the arc-shaped plate is adjusted according to the diameter specification of the steel bar, a worker can respectively rotate an adjusting bolt through an adjusting window to ensure that the steel bar can be contacted with the steel bar when passing through the wiping piece, a proper steel bar wire drawing die is selected according to the diameter specification of the steel bar, a first motor is started, an output shaft of the first motor drives one transmission shaft in the transmission mechanism to rotate, the other transmission shaft and the transmission shaft synchronously rotate under the action of an internal transmission belt, one end of each thread transmission rod is fixed with the transmission shaft, so that the two thread transmission rods synchronously rotate, two ends of each adjusting plate are respectively provided with a thread sleeve matched with the thread transmission rods, the rotary motion is converted into linear motion under the action of friction force, the adjusting plates can horizontally move in the wire drawing mechanism, and proper steel bar wire drawing die holes are determined;
thirdly, one end of the soaked steel bar enters the guide conveying mechanism through the steering of the steering wheel, the pressing wheel below the hydraulic lifting device is tightly attached to the steel bar in the downward moving process of the hydraulic lifting device, then the steel bar is displaced towards the rear end under the driving of a second motor, and the straightening of the steel bar is formed after the straightening mechanism passes through the correction wheels which are distributed in a staggered manner;
step four, the straightened steel bars enter a rust removing mechanism, a third motor is started, the cleaning barrel drives the wiping sheets to rotate under the transmission of a gear, the steel bars continuously penetrate through the wiping sheets to rub against the wiping sheets, residual iron rust on the surface is removed, meanwhile, the wiping sheets keep rotating at a high speed, and the wiping sheets are in contact with the steel bars without dead angles, so that the removal work of an oxide layer is completed;
fifthly, after the surface oxidation layer of the steel bar is treated, lubricating the steel bar, after the steel bar enters a lubricating mechanism, starting a pressure pump, conveying the lubricating liquid in a lubricating liquid storage cavity to a liquid conveying pipe by the pressure pump, spraying the lubricating liquid by using a spray head close to one side of the steel bar, enabling the lubricating liquid to be attached to the surface of the steel bar, and lubricating the surface of the steel bar;
and step six, the lubricated steel bars enter a wire drawing mechanism, the diameter reduction and the length drawing are realized through a steel bar wire drawing die, and finally the steel bars are wound outside the winding mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the method, iron oxide rusts on the surface of the steel bar are treated before wire drawing, the unwinding roller wound on the steel bar is immersed in the pickling tank, diluted hydrochloric acid is arranged in the pickling tank, after immersion is carried out for a set time, the unwinding roller is moved to the upper side from the installation adjusting plate, the surface is cleaned by using clear water, and residual hydrochloric acid on the surface is taken out.
2. The invention carries out lubrication treatment on the steel bar surface oxide layer at the first time after the steel bar surface oxide layer is treated, after the steel bar enters the lubrication mechanism, the pressure pump is started, the pressure pump conveys the lubricating liquid in the lubricating liquid storage cavity to the liquid conveying pipe, the liquid conveying pipe sprays the lubricating liquid by the spray head close to one side of the steel bar, the lubricating liquid is attached to the surface of the steel bar, the surface of the steel bar is lubricated, wire drawing is facilitated, the lubricating liquid is lime soap water, the manufacturing cost is low, and the production cost is reduced on the premise of ensuring wire drawing lubrication of the steel bar.
3. Aiming at the problem that the temperature of a steel bar can be sharply increased in the wire drawing process and the deformation of the steel bar after wire drawing caused by high temperature is avoided, on one hand, heat dissipation fans are arranged at the upper end and the lower end inside the wire drawing mechanism, the temperature of the steel bar and the steel bar wire drawing die during wire drawing is reduced, and therefore the service life of the steel bar wire drawing die is prolonged, on the other hand, a circulating cooling pipe is wound inside the winding mechanism, after a circulating pump is started, cooling liquid inside a cooling liquid storage cavity enters the circulating cooling pipe from the bottom, the cooling liquid enters the cooling liquid storage cavity again from a water return pipe above the circulating cooling pipe, the steel bar wound outside the winding mechanism generates heat exchange with the cooling liquid flowing inside the circulating cooling pipe, so that the temperature of the steel bar after wire drawing is continuously reduced, the deformation condition caused by wire drawing overheating is effectively avoided, and the wire drawing quality of the steel bar is ensured.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the rust removing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an arcuate plate of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the internal structure of the lubricating mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the drawing mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the winding mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a pickling tank; 3. a guide conveying mechanism; 4. a straightening mechanism; 5. a rust removal mechanism; 6. a lubricating mechanism; 7. a wire drawing mechanism; 8. a winding mechanism; 9. installing an adjusting plate; 10. unwinding the roller; 11. a pinch roller; 12. driving a guide wheel; 13. a correction wheel; 14. adjusting the window; 16. a transmission mechanism; 17. a first motor; 18. a water return pipe; 19. a hydraulic lifting device; 20. mounting a plate; 21. a steering wheel; 22. a second motor; 23. a belt; 24. a cleaning cartridge; 25. adjusting the bolt; 26. a first drive gear; 27. a third motor; 28. a drive gear; 29. a lubricating fluid reservoir; 30. a transfusion tube; 31. a pressure pump; 32. an adjusting plate; 33. a steel bar wire drawing die; 34. a heat dissipation fan; 35. a circulating cooling pipe; 36. rotating the disc; 37. a second transmission gear; 38. a circulation pump; 39. a coolant reservoir; 40. an arc-shaped plate; 41. a limiting block; 42. wiping the sheet; 43. a threaded drive rod; 44. a transmission cavity.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-7, an embodiment of the present invention is shown: a wire drawing device for production of an assembled wall steel bar and a wire drawing method thereof comprise a base 1, wherein the upper end surface of the base 1 is sequentially provided with an unwinding roller 10, a guide conveying mechanism 3, a straightening mechanism 4, a derusting mechanism 5, a lubricating mechanism 6, a wire drawing mechanism 7 and a winding mechanism 8 from front to back;
the pickling tank 2 is arranged inside the front end of the base 1, mounting adjusting plates 9 are fixedly mounted on two sides of the pickling tank 2, and the unwinding roller 10 is mounted between the mounting adjusting plates 9;
the cleaning cylinder 24 is arranged inside the rust removing mechanism 5, the front end of the cleaning cylinder 24 is rotatably connected with the rust removing mechanism 5 through a bearing, four arc-shaped plates 40 which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged inside the cleaning cylinder 24, four adjusting bolts 25 which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged outside the cleaning cylinder 24, the adjusting bolts 25 are in threaded connection with the cleaning cylinder 24, and one end of each adjusting bolt 25 penetrates through the cleaning cylinder 24 to be matched with the arc-shaped plate 40 in a rotating mode;
and a circulation cooling pipe 35 provided inside the winding mechanism 8, wherein the circulation cooling pipe 35 is spirally wound around the inner wall of the winding mechanism 8.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, a first transmission gear 26 is installed at the rear end of the cleaning cylinder 24, a third motor 27 is arranged below the cleaning cylinder 24, a driving gear 28 is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the third motor 27, the driving gear 28 is meshed with the first transmission gear 26, wiper blades 42 are installed on the inner sides of the arc-shaped plates 40, and adjusting windows 14 are respectively arranged on both sides and the upper end of the rust removing mechanism 5, so that on one hand, the wiper blades 42 actively rub against the wiper blades 42 to remove residual rust on the surface, on the other hand, the wiper blades 42 keep rotating at a high speed to realize dead-angle-free contact with the steel bars, and therefore, the rust on the surface can be removed to a great extent, and the problems that an oxide layer easily damages a wire drawing die hole and causes body groove marks or fracture of the steel bars are solved.
Referring to fig. 4, a limiting block 41 is integrally arranged at the front end of the inner side of the arc plate 40, the front end of the wiping sheet 42 is sleeved into the limiting block 41, the arc plate 40 is connected with the wiping sheet 42 through a fastening tape, the sleeved direction of the wiping sheet 42 is the same as the moving direction of the steel bars, the installation mode is convenient and easy to operate, and the steel bars cannot fall off due to the contact of the steel bars under the action of the limiting block 41 and the fastening tape.
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, the lubricating liquid storage cavity 29 is formed in the upper end and the lower end inside the lubricating mechanism 6, the pressure pump 31 is installed at one end of the lubricating liquid storage cavity 29, two liquid conveying pipes 30 are arranged in a cavity inside the lubricating mechanism 6, the liquid conveying pipes 30 are parallel to the steel bars on the vertical plane, a plurality of spray heads are arranged on one side of each liquid conveying pipe 30, the lubricating liquid is lime soap, the manufacturing cost is low, and the production cost is reduced on the premise that the steel bar wire drawing lubrication is guaranteed.
Referring to fig. 2, a cooling liquid storage chamber 39 is disposed at the rear end of the interior of the base 1, the cooling liquid storage chamber 39 is connected to the upper end of the circulating cooling pipe 35 through the water return pipe 18, a transmission chamber 44 is disposed above the cooling liquid storage chamber 39, a rotating disc 36 is disposed at the bottom of the winding mechanism 8, the lower end of the rotating disc 36 extends into the transmission chamber 44, a second transmission gear 37 is disposed at one end of the rotating disc 36 located at the transmission chamber, a motor with a gear is disposed at one side of the transmission chamber 44, the second transmission gear 37 is engaged with the gear at the upper end of the motor, a circulating pump 38 is disposed at the other side of the transmission chamber 44, one end of the circulating pump 38 extends into the cooling liquid storage chamber 39, and the other end of the circulating pump 38 passes through the rotating disc 36 to be connected to the lower end of the circulating cooling pipe 35, after the circulating pump 38 is turned on, the cooling liquid in the cooling liquid storage chamber 39 enters the circulating cooling pipe 35 from the bottom, and enters the cooling liquid storage chamber 39 again from the water return pipe 18 above the circulating cooling pipe 35, the steel bar is wound around the winding mechanism 8, heat exchange with the cooling liquid flowing in the circulating pipe 35, thereby reducing the drawing temperature of the steel bar, and avoiding the wire drawing wire.
Referring to fig. 2, two driving guide wheels 12 are arranged inside the guiding and conveying mechanism 3, a second motor 22 is installed at the rear end of one driving guide wheel 12, an output shaft of the second motor 22 is in transmission with the rear end of the other driving guide wheel 12 through a belt 23, a hydraulic lifting device 19 is fixedly installed above the inside of the guiding and conveying mechanism 3, an installation plate 20 is fixedly installed at the lower end of the hydraulic lifting device 19, two pressing wheels 11 are installed below the installation plate 20, and a steering wheel 21 is installed at the front end of the guiding and conveying mechanism 3, so that stable movement of the reinforcing steel bars is ensured.
Referring to fig. 2, four straightening wheels 13 are disposed at the front end of the straightening mechanism 4 and are distributed in a vertically staggered manner, the straightening wheels 13 are connected to the straightening mechanism 4 through bearings, and the reinforcing steel bar passes through the straightening wheels 13 in an S-shape, so as to achieve the step of straightening the reinforcing steel bar.
Referring to fig. 2 and 6, two vertically distributed thread transmission rods 43 are installed inside the wire drawing mechanism 7, an adjusting plate 32 is installed between the thread transmission rods 43, a reinforcing steel bar wire drawing mold 33 is installed inside the adjusting plate 32, three reinforcing steel bar wire drawing molds 33 are installed, the reinforcing steel bar wire drawing molds 33 and the adjusting plate 32 are fixed through screws, a transmission mechanism 16 is installed on one side of the wire drawing mechanism 7, one ends of the thread transmission rods 43 extend into the transmission mechanism 16, the thread transmission rods 43 are located between one ends inside the transmission mechanism 16 and are driven through chain belts, and a first motor 17 is installed on one side of the transmission mechanism 16, so that the positions of the reinforcing steel bar wire drawing molds 33 can be changed according to different diameters of reinforcing steel bars.
Referring to fig. 2, the heat dissipation fans 34 are disposed on the front and rear upper and lower sides of the adjustment plate 32 to be fixed to the wire drawing mechanism 7, so as to reduce the temperature of the steel bar and the steel bar wire drawing mold 33 during wire drawing, thereby prolonging the service life of the steel bar wire drawing mold 33.
The wire drawing method of the wire drawing device for producing the assembled wall body reinforcing steel bar comprises the following steps:
step one, immersing an unwinding roller 10 wound on a steel bar in a pickling tank 2, wherein diluted hydrochloric acid is arranged in the pickling tank and is immersed for twenty minutes;
step two, in the waiting time of oxide layer separation, the arc-shaped plate 40 is adjusted according to the diameter specification of the steel bar, a worker can respectively rotate the adjusting bolts 25 through the adjusting windows 14 to ensure that the steel bar can be contacted with the wiping sheet 42 when passing through the wiping sheet, a proper steel bar wire drawing die 33 is selected according to the diameter specification of the steel bar, the first motor 17 is started, an output shaft of the first motor 17 drives one transmission shaft inside the transmission mechanism 16 to rotate, the other transmission shaft and the transmission shaft synchronously rotate under the action of an internal transmission belt, one end of the threaded transmission rod 43 is fixed with the transmission shafts to synchronously rotate the two threaded transmission rods 43, two ends of the adjusting plate 32 are respectively provided with a threaded sleeve matched with the threaded transmission rod 43, the rotary motion is converted into linear motion under the action of friction force, the adjusting plate 32 can be translated inside the wire drawing mechanism 7, and a proper steel bar wire drawing die hole is determined;
step three, one end of the soaked steel bar enters the guide conveying mechanism 3 through the steering of the steering wheel 21, the lower pressing wheel 11 is tightly attached to the steel bar in the process that the hydraulic lifting device 19 moves downwards, then the steel bar is moved towards the rear end under the driving of the second motor 22, and the straightening of the steel bar is formed after the straightening mechanism 4 passes through the correction wheels 13 which are distributed in a staggered manner;
step four, the straightened steel bar enters the rust removing mechanism 5, the third motor 27 is started, the cleaning cylinder 24 drives the wiping sheets 42 to rotate under the transmission of the gear, the steel bar continuously passes through the wiping sheets 42 to generate friction with the wiping sheets, residual rust on the surface is removed, meanwhile, the wiping sheets 42 keep high-speed rotation, and the steel bar is in contact with no dead angle, so that the removal work of an oxide layer is completed;
fifthly, after the surface oxidation layer of the steel bar is treated, the steel bar is lubricated, after the steel bar enters the lubricating mechanism 6, the pressure pump 31 is started, the pressure pump 31 conveys the lubricating liquid in the lubricating liquid storage cavity 29 to the liquid conveying pipe 30, and the lubricating liquid is sprayed by the spray head close to one side of the steel bar, so that the lubricating liquid is attached to the surface of the steel bar, and the surface of the steel bar is lubricated;
and step six, the lubricated steel bars enter the wire drawing mechanism 7, the diameter reduction and the length drawing are realized through the steel bar wire drawing die 33, and finally the steel bars are wound outside the winding mechanism 8.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an assembled wall body is wire drawing device for reinforcing bar production, includes base (1), the up end of base (1) is by preceding unreeling roller (10), direction conveying mechanism (3), straightening mechanism (4), rust cleaning mechanism (5), lubricated mechanism (6), wire drawing mechanism (7) and winding mechanism (8) have set gradually after to, its characterized in that:
the pickling tank (2) is arranged inside the front end of the base (1), mounting adjusting plates (9) are fixedly mounted on two sides of the pickling tank (2), and the unwinding roller (10) is mounted between the mounting adjusting plates (9);
the cleaning barrel (24) is arranged inside the rust removing mechanism (5), the front end of the cleaning barrel (24) is rotatably connected with the rust removing mechanism (5) through a bearing, four arc-shaped plates (40) which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged inside the cleaning barrel (24), four adjusting bolts (25) which are distributed in an annular and equidistant mode are arranged outside the cleaning barrel (24), the adjusting bolts (25) are in threaded connection with the cleaning barrel (24), and one end of each adjusting bolt (25) penetrates through the cleaning barrel (24) to be matched with the arc-shaped plates (40) in a rotating mode;
and the circulating cooling pipe (35) is arranged inside the winding mechanism (8), and the circulating cooling pipe (35) is spirally wound in the inner wall of the winding mechanism (8).
2. The drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 1, wherein: first drive gear (26) are installed to the rear end of a clean section of thick bamboo (24), the below of a clean section of thick bamboo (24) is provided with third motor (27), the output shaft fixed mounting of third motor (27) has drive gear (28), and drive gear (28) are connected with a drive gear (26) meshing, piece (42) are all installed to the inboard of arc (40), the both sides and the upper end of rust cleaning mechanism (5) all are equipped with adjustment window (14).
3. The drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 2, wherein: the limiting block (41) is integrally arranged at the front end of the inner side of the arc-shaped plate (40), the front end of the wiping sheet (42) is sleeved into the limiting block (41), the arc-shaped plate (40) and the wiping sheet (42) are connected through a fastening tape, and the sleeving direction of the wiping sheet (42) is the same as the moving direction of the reinforcing steel bars.
4. The wire drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 1, wherein: lubricating fluid storage cavity (29) is all provided with to the inside upper and lower end of lubricating mechanism (6), force (forcing) pump (31) are all installed to the one end of lubricating fluid storage cavity (29), be provided with two transfer lines (30) in the inside cavity of lubricating mechanism (6), and transfer line (30) are parallel with the reinforcing bar on the perpendicular, one side of transfer line (30) is provided with five shower nozzles.
5. The drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 1, wherein: base (1) inside rear end is provided with coolant liquid and stores up chamber (39), and is connected through wet return (18) between the upper end of coolant liquid storage chamber (39) and circulative cooling pipe (35), the top of coolant liquid storage chamber (39) is provided with transmission chamber (44), the bottom of winding mechanism (8) is provided with rotary disk (36), and the lower extreme of rotary disk (36) extends to the inside in transmission chamber (44), the one end that rotary disk (36) are located transmission chamber (44) is provided with second drive gear (37), and one side of transmission chamber (44) is provided with the motor that is equipped with the gear, and second drive gear (37) are connected with the gear engagement of motor upper end, circulating pump (38) are installed to the opposite side in transmission chamber, and the one end of circulating pump (38) extends to the inside that coolant liquid stored up chamber (39), and the other end of circulating pump (38) passes rotary disk (36) and is connected with the lower extreme of circulative cooling pipe (35).
6. The wire drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 1, wherein: the inside of direction conveying mechanism (3) is provided with two drive leading wheels (12), one second motor (22) are installed to the rear end of drive leading wheel (12), and belt (23) transmission is passed through with the rear end of another drive leading wheel (12) to the output shaft of second motor (22), the inside top fixed mounting of direction conveying mechanism (3) has hydraulic pressure elevating gear (19), the lower extreme fixed mounting of hydraulic pressure elevating gear (19) has mounting panel (20), two pinch rollers (11) are installed to the below of mounting panel (20), directive wheel (21) are installed to the front end of direction conveying mechanism (3).
7. The drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 1, wherein: the front end of the straightening mechanism (4) is provided with four correcting wheels (13) which are distributed in a vertically staggered manner, the correcting wheels (13) are connected with the straightening mechanism (4) through bearings, and the reinforcing steel bars pass through the correcting wheels (13) in an S shape.
8. The drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 1, wherein: the internally mounted of wire drawing mechanism (7) has two perpendicular distribution's screw thread transfer line (43), install regulating plate (32) between screw thread transfer line (43), the internally mounted of regulating plate (32) has reinforcing bar wire drawing mould (33), and reinforcing bar wire drawing mould (33) install threely, and reinforcing bar wire drawing mould (33) pass through the screw fixation with regulating plate (32), drive mechanism (16) are installed to one side of wire drawing mechanism (7), and the one end of screw thread transfer line (43) all extends to the inside of drive mechanism (16), and screw thread transfer line (43) are located through the chain belt transmission between the inside one end of drive mechanism (16), first motor (17) are installed to one side of drive mechanism (16).
9. The wire drawing device for producing the assembled wall body steel bar according to claim 8, wherein: the upper and lower parts of the front and back of the adjusting plate (32) are respectively provided with a heat dissipation fan (34) which is fixed with the wire drawing mechanism (7).
10. The drawing method of the drawing device for the production of the fabricated wall steel bar according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein: the method comprises the following steps:
immersing a unreeling roller (10) wound on a steel bar into an acid washing tank (2), wherein diluted hydrochloric acid is arranged in the acid washing tank, and immersing for twenty minutes;
step two, in the waiting time of oxide layer separation, the arc-shaped plate (40) is adjusted according to the diameter specification of the steel bar, a worker can respectively rotate the adjusting bolts (25) through the adjusting window (14) to ensure that the steel bar can be contacted with the wiping piece (42) when passing through the wiping piece, a proper steel bar wire drawing die (33) is selected according to the diameter specification of the steel bar, the first motor (17) is started, an output shaft of the first motor (17) drives one transmission shaft inside the transmission mechanism (16) to rotate, the other transmission shaft is synchronously rotated with the transmission shaft under the action of an internal transmission belt, one end of the threaded transmission rod (43) is fixed with the transmission shaft to synchronously rotate the two threaded transmission rods (43), two ends of the adjusting plate (32) are respectively provided with a threaded sleeve matched with the threaded transmission rods (43), the rotating motion is converted into linear motion under the action of friction force, the adjusting plate (32) can translate inside the wire drawing mechanism (7), and an applicable steel bar wire drawing die hole is determined;
thirdly, one end of the soaked steel bar enters the guide conveying mechanism (3) through the steering of the steering wheel (21), the pressing wheel (11) below is tightly attached to the steel bar in the process that the hydraulic lifting device (19) moves downwards, then the steel bar is displaced towards the rear end under the driving of the second motor (22), and the straightening mechanism (4) forms the straightening of the steel bar after passing through the correcting wheels (13) which are distributed in a staggered manner;
fourthly, the straightened steel bar enters a rust removing mechanism (5), a third motor (27) is started, a cleaning cylinder (24) is driven to rotate by the transmission of a gear, the steel bar continuously penetrates through the wiping sheets (42) to generate friction with the wiping sheets, residual rust on the surface is removed, meanwhile, the wiping sheets (42) keep rotating at a high speed, and the steel bar is in contact with no dead angle, so that the removal work of an oxide layer is completed;
fifthly, after the surface oxidation layer of the steel bar is treated, lubricating the steel bar, after the steel bar enters a lubricating mechanism (6), starting a pressure pump (31), conveying the lubricating liquid in a lubricating liquid storage cavity (29) to a liquid conveying pipe (30) by the pressure pump (31), spraying the lubricating liquid by a spray head close to one side of the steel bar, so that the lubricating liquid is attached to the surface of the steel bar, and lubricating the surface of the steel bar;
and step six, the lubricated steel bars enter a wire drawing mechanism (7), the diameter reduction and the length stretching are realized through a steel bar wire drawing die (33), and finally the steel bars are wound outside a winding mechanism (8).
CN202211192559.XA 2022-09-28 2022-09-28 Wire drawing device for production of assembled wall body reinforcing steel bars and wire drawing method thereof Pending CN115582443A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116422717A (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-07-14 泰州市新龙翔金属制品有限公司 Stainless steel microfilament wire drawing adjusting device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116422717A (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-07-14 泰州市新龙翔金属制品有限公司 Stainless steel microfilament wire drawing adjusting device
CN116422717B (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-11-03 泰州市新龙翔金属制品有限公司 Stainless steel microfilament wire drawing adjusting device

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