CN115247498A - Fixed bolster of prefabricated wallboard and contain braced system of this support - Google Patents

Fixed bolster of prefabricated wallboard and contain braced system of this support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115247498A
CN115247498A CN202110462492.6A CN202110462492A CN115247498A CN 115247498 A CN115247498 A CN 115247498A CN 202110462492 A CN202110462492 A CN 202110462492A CN 115247498 A CN115247498 A CN 115247498A
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
prefabricated
rod
support
supporting
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CN202110462492.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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李藏柱
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202110462492.6A priority Critical patent/CN115247498A/en
Publication of CN115247498A publication Critical patent/CN115247498A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/167Tools or apparatus specially adapted for working-up plates, panels or slab shaped building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/24Safety or protective measures preventing damage to building parts or finishing work during construction
    • E04G21/26Strutting means for wall parts; Supports or the like, e.g. for holding in position prefabricated walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/20Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height supported by walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/04Means for fastening, supporting, or bracing scaffolds on or against building constructions
    • E04G5/046Means for fastening, supporting, or bracing scaffolds on or against building constructions for fastening scaffoldings on walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/14Railings

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Forms Removed On Construction Sites Or Auxiliary Members Thereof (AREA)

Abstract

The application relates to a fixed support of a prefabricated wallboard and a supporting system comprising the same, belongs to the field of assembly type building construction, and comprises an inner wall supporting system, wherein the inner wall supporting system comprises prefabricated wallboard fixed supports which are arranged on two sides of the prefabricated wallboard in pairs, each fixed support comprises a supporting frame which is arranged perpendicular to a wall surface, each frame comprises a wall-attaching vertical rod and a horizontal bottom rod which are fixedly connected with each other, horizontal opposite-penetrating bolts are arranged on the wall-attaching vertical rods, and the opposite-penetrating bolts can penetrate through reserved holes in the prefabricated wallboard; the bottom rod is provided with a verticality adjusting device for adjusting the verticality of the supporting frame. This application interior wall braced system encorbelments prefabricated wallboard, has not only made things convenient for the hoist and mount to prefabricated wallboard, has made things convenient for the concrete placement construction of post-cast strip moreover, has greatly improved the installation effectiveness, and interior wall braced system realizes hoist and mount and supports the set of two functions, modularizes assembly work more, improves overall efficiency, compression period.

Description

Fixed bolster of prefabricated wallboard and contain braced system of this support
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of assembly type building construction, in particular to a fixed support of a prefabricated wallboard and a supporting system comprising the same.
Background
At present, during the installation of an assembly type building, the prefabricated wall panel of the upper layer is generally installed on the top surface of the wall panel of the lower layer, and the prefabricated wall panel is supported to be in a vertical state by using an inclined support rod during the installation. The prefabricated building system of applicant's invention, however, utilizes the connection node of wall panels to prefabricated floor panels as shown in figure 2. The post-cast strip is arranged between two adjacent precast floor slabs, the width of the post-cast strip is larger than the thickness of the wall plate, the construction sequence of the node is that after the two precast floor slabs are installed firstly, the upper-layer wall plate continues to be installed, and finally the post-cast strip between the precast floor slabs is poured. However, under the new construction process, the upper wallboard cannot be lapped and fixed on the prefabricated floor slab, but is in a suspended state. Therefore, in order to temporarily fix the upper wall panel before post-cast strip construction, the applicant invented a mounting bracket for the prefabricated part, as described in the patent application with the application number CN 201810381811.9. This installing support is including relative last backup pad and the bottom suspension fagging that sets up, goes up the fixed a plurality of upper control posts of the lower tip of backup pad, and the lower adjustment post that sets up relative with the upper control post is fixed to the upper end of bottom suspension fagging, sets up positive screw thread on the upper control post, sets up the back thread on the lower adjustment post, goes up the upper control post and adjusts post periphery threaded connection sleeve down. When the upper wallboard is installed, the installing support is placed on the top surface of the lower wallboard, and then the upper wallboard is hoisted to the top of the installing support, so that the cast concrete construction of a post-cast strip is realized. The inventors have found that the overall efficiency of the mounting bracket during use is not high. Therefore, a new solution is needed for how to quickly and efficiently install and position the upper wall panel so as to facilitate the construction of the post-cast strip.
Disclosure of Invention
To the not enough of prior art existence, one of the purpose of this application is to provide one kind can be swift efficient with upper wallboard installation location to the prefabricated wallboard fixed bolster of the construction of post-cast strip.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: the wall-mounted prefabricated wall comprises an inner wall supporting system, wherein the inner wall supporting system comprises prefabricated wall fixing supports which are arranged on two sides of a prefabricated wall in pairs, each fixing support comprises a supporting frame which is perpendicular to the wall surface, each frame comprises a wall-attached vertical rod and a horizontal bottom rod which are fixedly connected with each other, horizontal opposite-penetrating bolts are arranged on the wall-attached vertical rods, and the opposite-penetrating bolts can penetrate through reserved holes in the prefabricated wall; the bottom rod is provided with a verticality adjusting device for adjusting the verticality of the supporting frame.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, interior wall braced system encorbelments prefabricated wallboard, has not only made things convenient for the hoist and mount to prefabricated wallboard, has made things convenient for the concrete placement construction of post-cast strip moreover, has greatly improved the installation effectiveness, and the key has realized installing upper prefabricated wallboard earlier, then has pour the new technology of post-cast strip for the post-cast strip is better to be connected all prefabricated floor and prefabricated wallboard, has avoided the production of horizontal joint, has strengthened the problem of prefabricated wallboard connection. In addition, interior wall braced system realizes the set of hoist and mount and two functions of support, and the installation is quick simultaneously, has greatly reduced and has carried out the work load of braced system installation inside the building, goes on the support system work in ground, does not receive the restriction in the room place, has accelerated the construction progress greatly, has reduced hoist and mount, the distribution operation of scattered member in the support system moreover, will assemble more the modularization of work, improves overall efficiency, compression time limit for a project.
Preferably, the following steps: the vertical adjusting device is an upper adjusting screw rod which is connected with the bottom rod through vertical threads.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, adjusting screw simple structure can adopt electric spanner to carry out the elasticity operation moreover for the location is more high-efficient, practices thrift the hoist and mount time, shortens whole assembly type structure's construction cycle.
Preferably, the following steps: the inner wall supporting system further comprises an inclined supporting rod, one end of the inclined supporting rod is connected to the position, close to the top end, of the vertical rod, and the other end of the inclined supporting rod is connected to the upper surface of the floor slab.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, avoid the post-cast strip concrete placement in-process, to the unstability that prefabricated wallboard collided with and caused, the incline appears in preventing the work progress, is connected with prefabricated floor slab simultaneously, improves whole braced system's wholeness.
Preferably, the following steps: the inner wall supporting system further comprises an intermediate connecting plate arranged in the middle of the upper surface of the floor slab, and the bottom of the inclined supporting rod is connected with the intermediate connecting plate.
By adopting the technical scheme, operations such as hole opening on the precast floor slab are reduced, and the influence on the precast floor slab is reduced; meanwhile, the inclined support rods are symmetrically arranged on the prefabricated floor slab, so that the overall stability is enhanced.
Preferably, the following steps: the inner wall supporting system further comprises a ground dragging rod arranged between the bottom rod and the top surface of the prefabricated floor slab.
By adopting the technical scheme, the floor mopping rod increases the stress area, particularly reduces the abrasion of the adjusting screw rod to the prefabricated floor slab, and is particularly suitable for the construction protection of the decoration integrated floor slab.
Preferably, the following steps: the bottom surface of the mopping rod is provided with a flexible layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, further protect precast floor slab not receive wearing and tearing.
Preferably, the following steps: the fixed support further comprises a height-adjustable floor slab supporting piece arranged at the top of the supporting frame, the top surface of the floor slab supporting piece bears the bottom surface of the prefabricated floor slabs or bears the bottom die of the post-pouring belt between the prefabricated floor slabs, and the floor slab supporting piece is in threaded connection with the supporting frame.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, increased the support function of fixed bolster to the floor, the fixed bolster between the different floors passes power to bottom floor ground each other, has realized can installing the effect of multilayer without waiting for post-cast strip concrete setting.
Preferably, the following steps: the fixed bolster is still including being located the blank piece between pasting wall montant and the prefabricated wallboard, and the top of pasting the wall montant is provided with the board building support piece.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, separate the empty piece and make and leave operating space between wall montant and the prefabricated wallboard, made things convenient for the installation that the top of wall montant was provided with plank support piece.
Preferably, the following steps: the fixed bolster still includes the triangular supports of rigid coupling in montant top position, and the triangular supports includes horizontal ejector pin and supports the down tube, floor support piece and horizontal ejector pin threaded connection.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, guaranteeing to paste under the condition of wall montant and the laminating of prefabricated wallboard, equally can realize the powerful support to the floor, the triangular supports that stretches out has made things convenient for floor support piece's installation and regulation moreover.
Preferably, the following steps: the inner wall supporting system also comprises a floor slab supporting column which is positioned between the upper and lower prefabricated floor slabs and used for supporting and fixing the upper prefabricated floor slab.
By adopting the technical scheme, the force transmission effect of the upper-layer prefabricated floor slab on the lower-layer prefabricated floor slab is further improved, the whole supporting system can bear the construction of more buildings in the same day, and the whole supporting system is safer.
Preferably, the following steps: the inner wall supporting system further comprises horizontal pull rods which are used for aligning two fixing supports in the same room and are connected with each other, and the two ends of each horizontal pull rod are connected with the top positions of the vertical rods of the two fixing supports, which are attached to the wall.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, connect into spatial grid structure with all braced frame, the wholeness is better, prevents because of the prefabricated floor that causes behind certain braced frame of local inefficacy drops etc.. And connect into spatial grid structure and restricted the displacement of support system and prefabricated floor and prefabricated wallboard, make in the whole assembly type structure work progress safer.
Preferably, the following steps: the prefabricated wall comprises a prefabricated wall plate and a prefabricated wall body, and is characterized by further comprising an outer wall supporting system, wherein the outer wall supporting system comprises a fixing support positioned on the inner side of the prefabricated wall plate and an outer wall support positioned on the outer side of the prefabricated wall plate, the outer wall support comprises an outer scaffold and a vertical wall-attached outer rod which are fixedly connected with each other, a connecting hole which is aligned with a wall-attached vertical rod is formed in the wall-attached outer rod, and a through bolt penetrates through the prefabricated outer wall plate and the connecting hole to fix the wall-attached outer rod; the outer scaffold includes outer guardrail and guidance tape.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, at the outer integrated into one piece scaffold frame of wall, made things convenient for workman's operation, practiced thrift building outside full hall red scaffold frame set up, practice thrift economy.
Preferably, the following steps: the bottom of the outer scaffold is arranged on the ground, and the outer scaffolds of all floors are vertically connected through connecting rods.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme for interior wall braced system and outer wall braced system form whole rack structure, have realized the effect that need not to adopt interim support also can be built fast between the upper and lower two-layer prefabricated external wall board.
Preferably, the following steps: and a hollow block is arranged between the wall-attached outer rod and the prefabricated external wall panel, and the wall-attached outer rods on different floors are connected by adopting connecting rods.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme for paste wall outer pole interconnect, also participate in the whole atress system of outer wall support, realize unsettled fixed with prefabricated exterior wall panel, practice thrift supporting material, the atress is stable.
Preferably, the following steps: the outer vertical wall-attached rods are also connected with template fixing ribs, two ends of each template fixing rib are respectively connected with the two adjacent outer vertical wall-attached rods, and the template fixing ribs fix the template of the post-cast strip of the prefabricated outer wall panel on the outer surface of the prefabricated outer wall panel.
By adopting the technical scheme, the installation of the post-cast strip template is facilitated, and the construction efficiency is further improved.
The second purpose of this application is the fixed bolster of wallboard and the fixed bolster of prefabricated side fascia in the prefabrication.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the internal wall supporting system integrates a plurality of functions of hoisting and fixing the prefabricated wall panels and supporting the prefabricated floor panels, and the formed net rack supporting structure can not only overhang the prefabricated wall panels, facilitate hoisting of the prefabricated wall panels, but also facilitate concrete pouring construction of a post-cast strip; in addition, this system has greatly reduced the work load of carrying out the braced system installation inside the building, goes on braced system work in building outside ground, does not receive the restriction in the room place for the construction progress greatly, has reduced hoist and mount, the distribution operation of scattered member in the braced system moreover, and is more modularized with the assembly work, improves overall efficiency, compression period.
2. The outer wall braced system can connect into wholly with interior wall braced system, has not only solved the installation of prefabricated side fascia problem of encorbelmenting, and the whole braced system who forms has realized not receiving the restriction of concrete placement solidification age in other words embedding prefabricated wallboard and prefabricated floor in the supporter system moreover, accomplishes building fast, very big work of having shortened.
3. The formwork fixing ribs in the outer wall supporting system and the slab supporting pieces in the inner wall supporting system facilitate the installation of the post-cast strip formwork, so that the construction efficiency of the fabricated building is further improved; the function integration of the scaffold in the outer wall supporting system facilitates the construction operation of workers on the outer wall of the building, and the construction efficiency is further improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall support system.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the assembly of triangular internal support bracket to prefabricated wall panel.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a triangular internal support fixing bracket structure.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of an internal support system provided with diagonal braces and intermediate connecting plates.
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the internal support system for the mop pole.
Figure 6 is a schematic view of an internal support system configuration with horizontal tie bars and floor support columns.
Fig. 7 is a structural diagram of a fixing bracket provided with an overhanging tripod.
Fig. 8 is a structural diagram of the working state of the square frame fixing bracket.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of a square frame fixing bracket structure.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a triangular frame with an additional top oil tray fixing support.
Fig. 11 is a plan view of the fixing bracket in a room and its connection.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the adjustable oil support protruding out of the square frame fixing support.
Fig. 13 and 14 are structural schematic diagrams of a fixing bracket for converting a triangular frame into a square frame.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of a multi-square frame vertical connection suitable for high-rise.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the exterior wall mounting system.
Fig. 17 is a schematic view showing a front structure of an outer wall bracket provided with a template fixing rib in a highlighted manner.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view showing a structure of a facade of an outer wall bracket provided with a formwork fixing rib in a highlighted manner.
Fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of the outer wall bracket being a square frame.
Fig. 20 is a schematic structural view of an external wall supporting system with external wall brackets as floor brackets and connected with each other.
FIG. 21 is a schematic structural view of an external wall support system under a working condition that a prefabricated floor slab extends between an upper prefabricated external wall panel and a lower prefabricated external wall panel.
FIG. 22 is a schematic view of the positioning of the prefabricated columns using the fixing brackets.
Fig. 23 is a structural view of a support system for integrally connecting a plurality of fixing brackets of a prefabricated column.
Reference numerals are as follows: 1. an interior wall support system; 11. a diagonal brace; 12. an intermediate connection plate; 13. a mopping rod; 14. a floor slab supporting column; 15. a horizontal pull rod;
2. an exterior wall support system; 21. an outer wall bracket; 22. sticking an outer wall rod; 23. a guardrail; 24. a walkway plate; 25. fixing ribs for the template;
3. fixing a bracket; 31. a support frame; 311. a frame outer bar; 312. a flange plate; 32. sticking a wall vertical rod; 321. an overhanging block; 33. a horizontal bottom bar; 331. a slot; 34. penetrating a bolt; 35. adjusting the screw rod; 36. a floor support; 361. an adjustable oil support;
37. supporting a top screw rod by a bottom die; 38. a horizontal ejector rod; 39. supporting the diagonal rods;
41. post-pouring a belt; 42. bottom die; 43. and (4) spacing blocks.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to the attached drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, the supporting system of an assembly type building comprises an inner wall supporting system 1 and an outer wall supporting system 2, as shown in fig. 2, the inner wall supporting system 1 comprises prefabricated wall board fixing supports 3 which are arranged in pairs at two sides of a prefabricated wall board, the fixing supports 3 comprise supporting frames 31 which are arranged perpendicular to a wall surface and are formed by welding materials such as angle steel, square steel or I-steel, the supporting frames 31 can be triangular frames as shown in fig. 3 or square frames as shown in fig. 6, the two frames with different shapes respectively comprise wall attaching vertical rods 32 and horizontal bottom rods 33 which are fixedly connected with each other, horizontal through bolts 34 are arranged on the wall attaching vertical rods 32, and the through bolts 34 are arranged more than two times in the vertical direction and penetrate through holes reserved at corresponding positions on the prefabricated wall board; the bottom rod is provided with a verticality adjusting device for adjusting the verticality of the supporting frame 31. As shown in fig. 3, the droop-adjusting device can be an upper adjusting screw 35 which is vertically screwed to the bottom rod and is located at one end of the bottom rod far away from the vertical stick 32.
When the prefabricated wall board is installed, the fixed support 3 is installed on two sides of the upper prefabricated wall board 51, and the opposite penetrating bolts 34 are screwed down; two fixing supports 3 are arranged on two sides of each upper prefabricated wall plate 51. Then, hanging the two fixed brackets on the two sides of the upper prefabricated wall plate 51 by using a lifting appliance for lifting; after hoisting upper prefabricated wall panel 51 from the ground to the installation location, the hoist is adjusted for upper prefabricated wall panel 51 is in vertical state and is located directly over lower prefabricated wall panel 52. The adjusting screw 35 on the horizontal bottom bar 33 is then tightened so that the bottom end of the screw abuts the upper surface of the precast floor slab. Then the lifting appliance is removed, the upper-layer prefabricated wall plate is in a suspended state under the action of the plurality of opposite-penetrating bolts 34, and the pouring of the concrete of the post-cast strip 41 between two later-stage prefabricated floor plates is facilitated.
Further, as shown in fig. 4, since the upper prefabricated wall panel may be subjected to a collision or the like in the casting of the post-cast strip 41, in order to enhance the stability of the upper prefabricated wall panel, the inner wall supporting system 1 further includes a diagonal brace 11, one end of the diagonal brace 11 is connected to the vertical bar near the top end, and the other end is connected to the upper surface of the prefabricated floor. Preferably, an intermediate connecting plate 12 is arranged in the middle of the upper surface of the precast floor slab, the bottom of the inclined strut 11 is connected with the intermediate connecting plate 12, and a sleeve can be pre-embedded in the corresponding position of the upper surface of the precast floor slab in advance. The intermediate connecting plate 12 integrally connects two support frames 31 on the same prefabricated floor slab. The diagonal brace 11 may be a brace with adjustable length in the prior art, such as a brace with a sleeve with positive and negative threads in the middle.
As shown in fig. 5, when the prefabricated floor slab is provided with a decorative layer on the upper surface thereof (i.e., when the prefabricated floor slab is decorated in one body), a mopping rod 13 may be provided between the bottom rod of the supporting frame 31 and the top surface of the prefabricated floor slab in order to protect the decorative layer from being damaged. The mop rod 13 may be a channel steel, a square steel or a steel strip plate, etc. The mop rod 13 can make the stress of the triangular support more uniformly transferred to the precast floor slab, and particularly, distribute the force of the end of the adjusting screw 35. The mop rod 13 can be arranged on the prefabricated floor slab in a full length way and is fixedly connected with the middle connecting plate 12, so that the two fixing brackets 3 are further integrated. Preferably, the bottom surface of the mop rod 13 is provided with a flexible layer such as a rubber mat and geotextile.
As shown in fig. 6, after the prefabricated wall panel on the upper floor is installed, it is necessary to further install a prefabricated floor slab on the upper floor and pour concrete into a post-cast strip 41 between the prefabricated floor slabs installed on the lower floor, and in order to make the fixing bracket 3 have a function of supporting the prefabricated floor slab or a post-cast strip bottom form 42, the fixing bracket 3 further includes a height-adjustable slab support member disposed on the top of the supporting frame 31.
When the supporting frame 31 is a triangular bracket, the floor slab supporting member includes a bottom die 42 supporting screw 37 vertically fixed on a horizontal overhanging block 321 and a horizontal overhanging block 321 at the top end of the vertical wall attaching bar 32. The bottom die 42 supports the top screw rod 37 and is in threaded connection with the horizontal overhanging block 321. The post-cast strip bottom die 42 can be of an angle iron sheet structure, and when the post-cast strip bottom die is used, the post-cast strip bottom die 42 is firstly placed at a designed position, and then the bottom die 42 is screwed to support the screw rod 37, so that the post-cast strip bottom die 42 is tightly supported.
With reference to fig. 1 and 7, the triangular support frame 31 further includes a triangular support fixedly connected to the top of the vertical rod, the triangular support includes a horizontal top rod 38 and a support diagonal rod 39, and the bottom die 42 supports a top screw 37 and is in threaded connection with the horizontal top rod 38. Since the triangular supports can bear larger pressure, the structure can be used for supporting the post-cast strip bottom mold 42 and also can be used for directly supporting the upper prefabricated floor slab.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, when the supporting frame 31 is a square frame, the square frame includes a frame outer rod 311 parallel to the vertical wall sticking rod 32, both the vertical wall sticking rod 32 and the frame outer rod 311 can be made of circular steel tubes, and both the top and the bottom are provided with the same oil support as those of the existing scaffold. The oil support at the top can act as a floor support to support the post-cast strip bottom form 42 and the upper precast floor.
Further, because when setting up oil and holding in the palm on wall montant 32 top, oil holds in the palm structure and prefabricated wallboard in upper strata can influence, so set up between wall montant 32 and the prefabricated wallboard and separate empty block 43. The spacing blocks 43 may be steel pipes or square timbers, etc., and are preferably disposed at the through bolts 34. The joint surface of the spacing block 43 and the prefabricated wall panel can be provided with a rubber gasket to better protect the prefabricated wall panel from abrasion. As shown in fig. 10, the triangular fixing bracket 3 with the spacing block 43 is provided, and the floor slab supporting member may be an oil support arranged on the top of the vertical wall sticking rod 32.
Referring back to fig. 6, when the support frame 31 is a triangular support, the interior wall support system 1 further includes a floor support column 14 between the upper and lower prefabricated floors for better supporting the upper prefabricated floors. A plurality of rows and columns of precast floor support columns 14, for example two rows and two columns, are provided under each precast floor. Meanwhile, in order to enable the whole supporting system to be better stressed, the inner wall supporting system 1 further comprises a horizontal pull rod 15 which connects the two fixing supports 3 which are arranged in the same room in an alignment mode, and two ends of the horizontal pull rod 15 are connected with the top positions of the wall sticking vertical rods 32 of the two fixing supports 3. As shown in fig. 8, when the supporting frame 31 is a square frame, the square frame may be pulled and connected by using the horizontal pull rod 15, or the inclined rod may be pulled and connected to form a stable structure of the whole supporting system with a plurality of triangles. The post-cast strip 41 can be arranged narrowly under the condition, so that the prefabricated floor slab can be partially overlapped on the prefabricated wall slab, the load of the upper-layer prefabricated floor slab is jointly borne by the prefabricated wall slab and the floor slab supporting columns 14, the prefabricated wall slab, the prefabricated floor slab and the inner wall supporting system 1 form an integral structure by combining a drawing 11, the horizontal pull rods 15, the inclined rods and the like, the deformation in the horizontal direction is avoided, the stability of the stress of the overlapped prefabricated floor slab on the prefabricated wall slab is ensured, and the whole system is more stable and reliable. And the concrete can be poured through the vertical hollow channel in the prefabricated wall panel for the post-pouring strip 41 after narrowing.
In addition, it should be emphasized that, in conjunction with fig. 8 and 9, no matter whether the bottom of the supporting frame 31 is provided with the height-adjustable oil support, the adjusting screw 35 may be provided, and the two functions are different, the adjusting screw 35 is used for temporary quick positioning, the oil support structure mainly bears the weight of the prefabricated wall panel, and overhangs the prefabricated wall panel, and in addition, the oil support can also play a role in temporary positioning.
As shown in fig. 12, in order to support the upper prefabricated floor more conveniently and realize quick adjustment, an adjustable oil support 36 may be provided outside the square frame, the adjustable oil support 36 is screwed to the external block of the square frame, and the bottom end of the adjustable oil support 36 is provided with a hexagon nut. During the use, external adjustable oil holds in the palm 36 and provides the space for electric wrench's use, and electric wrench twists adjustable oil and holds in the palm 36, has greatly accelerated the installation rate. Further, the same structure can be arranged at the bottom of the supporting frame 31 to accelerate the adjusting speed and position quickly, and the prefabricated wall panel is installed and fixed.
Referring to fig. 13 and 14, the square frame may be formed by a modified triangular bracket, in which an insertion groove 331 is formed at the end of the horizontal bottom bar 33, and a vertical tube is inserted into the insertion groove 331. The vertical wall sticking rods 32 and the vertical pipes are provided with flanges 312, and the horizontal rods are connected with the flanges 312 to form a square frame. As shown in fig. 15, when the installed prefabricated wall panel is high, a plurality of square frames can be spliced to meet the requirements of different wall height modules.
As shown in fig. 1 and 16, the outer wall supporting system 2 includes a fixing support 3 located inside the prefabricated wall panel and an outer wall support 21 located outside the prefabricated wall panel, the outer wall support 21 includes an outer scaffold and a vertical outer wall-sticking rod 22 fixedly connected to each other, the outer wall-sticking rod 22 is provided with a connecting hole aligned with the vertical wall-sticking rod 32, and the outer wall-sticking rod 22 is fixed after the through bolt 34 passes through the prefabricated outer wall panel and the connecting hole; the outer scaffolding includes outer guard rails 23 and walkway plates 24.
The vertical wall-attached outer rod 22 is fixedly connected with a triangular bracket by a butt bolt 34, and the scaffold is fixedly connected on the vertical wall-attached outer rod 22. The scaffold comprises a guardrail 23, a walkway plate 24 and supporting rods, wherein the walkway plate 24 and the supporting rods are connected with a vertical wall-attached outer rod 22, and the three form a stable triangular structure. Such structure provides workman's operation platform, makes things convenient for the workman to carry out construction operation to the outer wall. The guardrails 23 of the upper-layer scaffold and the lower-layer scaffold are connected with each other to form a closed structure, so that the operation or walking of workers can be safer. Under the working condition, a post-cast strip 41 is arranged between the upper prefabricated external wall panel and the lower prefabricated external wall panel, and the upper prefabricated external wall panel is temporarily supported by short I-shaped steel or reinforcing steel bars before the post-cast strip 41 is poured.
With reference to fig. 17 and 18, a vertical post-cast strip 411 is arranged between two adjacent prefabricated external wall panels on the same layer, and a template of the vertical post-cast strip 411 needs to be fixed on the surfaces of the two prefabricated external wall panels, so that the external wall supporting system 2 further comprises a template fixing rib 25, two ends of the template fixing rib 25 are respectively connected with two adjacent vertical wall-sticking external rods 22, and the template fixing rib 25 fixes the template on the outer surfaces of the prefabricated external wall panels. Preferably, the vertical wall-attached outer rod 22 is provided with a connecting hole, and the formwork fixing rib 25 is fixed through the connecting hole. Similarly, the template of the post-cast strip 41 between the upper prefabricated external wall panel and the lower prefabricated external wall panel can also be fixed by the vertical wall-sticking outer rod 22, and the vertical wall-sticking outer rod 22 is only required to extend upwards for a section to reach the position of the post-cast strip 41. Or the formwork can be fixed to the scaffolding.
As shown in fig. 19, the scaffolding of the outer wall supporting system 2 may also adopt a square frame in which more than two scaffold boards may be arranged according to the height of the prefabricated outer wall board.
The external wall supporting system 2 only has the functions of a scaffold and fixing an external wall formwork, further, as shown in fig. 20, the bottommost part of the external scaffold is placed on the ground, the partition blocks 43 are arranged between the wall-attached external rod 22 and the prefabricated external wall panel, and the external scaffolds on all floors are vertically connected by connecting rods to form an external frame structure. Such an outer wall braced system 2 can avoid the temporary support that adds between the prefabricated outer mark wallboard of upper and lower floor to further improve the efficiency of installation.
Further, as shown in fig. 21, the prefabricated floor slab may extend between the upper and lower prefabricated external wall panels, and after a certain overlap joint is achieved, the internal wall support system 1 and the grounded external wall support system 2 are combined to form an integral support system. Therefore, the concrete can be prevented from being limited by the concrete solidification strength period of the post-cast strip 41, multiple layers of components can be installed in one day, and as long as the hoisting speed is high, more than 5 layers can be built in small and medium-sized buildings in one day. The specific analysis is as follows:
in the prior art, after the composite slab prefabricated floor slab in the fabricated building is assembled, a layer of concrete is poured on the top surface of the composite slab prefabricated floor slab, and only when the strength of the layer of concrete reaches more than 70%, construction of the previous layer can be performed. And the time for waiting for the concrete strength to rise is longer, so that the whole construction period is long. Precast floor slab is the intergral template in this scheme, only sets up post-cast strip 41 in the seam crossing of adjacent precast floor slab, so can install fixed bolster 3 at precast floor slab's upper surface to realize multilayer braced system, need not wait for post-cast strip 41 concrete strength, can realize the incessant construction of multilayer. The core is mainly that the system completely converts the gravity of all the components of the prefabricated floor slab and the prefabricated wall slab into the stress of the supporting frame 31, namely, the whole building is embedded and installed in the supporting frame 31 system, the poured concrete of the post-cast strip 41 is constructed in a cross mode, the building can be completely built, and after the post-cast strip 41 is also poured, the building can be accepted and put into use as long as the concrete strength of the post-cast strip 41 is reached.
As shown in fig. 22 and 23, the supporting system is also suitable for fixing prefabricated columns, a single prefabricated column can be fixed by two or four supporting frames 31, if the building is a frame structure building, as shown in fig. 23, the supporting frames 31 of a plurality of prefabricated columns are connected to form a grid frame, the same effect can be achieved, and the supporting system is used for supporting beams, columns and plates, so that the rapid assembly construction of the building is realized.
The construction method by means of the fabricated construction support system is as follows: step one, adopting the fixing supports 3 of the prefabricated inner wall panel and the fixing supports 3 of the prefabricated outer wall panel to install and position the first layer of prefabricated wall panel, and connecting the fixing supports 3 into a grid structure by using horizontal rods; hoisting the first layer of prefabricated floor slab, and dropping the prefabricated floor slab to the floor slab support columns 14, the floor slab support pieces and the top surface of the prefabricated wall slab; hoisting a second layer of prefabricated wallboard, dropping the support frame 31 of the second layer of prefabricated wallboard on the upper surface of the first layer of floor slab, dropping the outer wall bracket 21 of the second layer of prefabricated external wallboard above the first layer of outer wall bracket 21 and connecting the outer wall bracket 21 and the first layer of outer wall bracket with a connecting rod; step four, continuously installing a third layer of prefabricated floor slab, and dropping the prefabricated floor slab to the floor slab support columns 14, the floor slab support pieces and the top surface of the prefabricated wall panel on the second layer; step five, circulating the step three and the step four until the top layer is built; step six, performing concrete pouring on the post-cast strip 41, wherein the pouring work can be performed simultaneously with the construction work of the fabricated building; seventhly, after the post-cast strip 41 concrete reaches the strength required by the design, removing the support system; the supporting system of the outer wall panel can be dismantled after finishing the decoration work of the whole outer wall of the building; and step eight, checking and accepting the main structure of the fabricated building.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the scope of protection of the present application is not limited by the embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (17)

1. A support system for a fabricated building, comprising: the wall-mounted type supporting system comprises an inner wall supporting system (1), wherein the inner wall supporting system (1) comprises prefabricated wall board fixing supports (3) which are arranged on two sides of a prefabricated wall board in pairs, each fixing support (3) comprises a supporting frame (31) which is arranged perpendicular to a wall surface, each supporting frame (31) comprises a wall-mounted vertical rod (32) and a horizontal bottom rod (33) which are fixedly connected with each other, horizontal through bolts (34) are arranged on the wall-mounted vertical rods (32), and the through bolts (34) can penetrate through reserved holes in the prefabricated wall board; the bottom rod is provided with a verticality adjusting device for adjusting the verticality of the supporting frame (31).
2. A support system for a fabricated building according to claim 1, wherein: the vertical adjusting device is an upper adjusting screw (35) which is connected with the bottom rod through vertical threads.
3. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 1, wherein: the inner wall supporting system (1) further comprises an inclined supporting rod (11), one end of the inclined supporting rod (11) is connected to the position, close to the top end, of the vertical rod, and the other end of the inclined supporting rod is connected to the upper surface of the prefabricated floor slab.
4. A support system for a fabricated building according to claim 3, wherein: the inner wall supporting system (1) further comprises a middle connecting plate (12) arranged in the middle of the upper surface of the prefabricated floor slab, and the bottom of the inclined supporting rod (11) is connected with the middle connecting plate (12).
5. A support system for a fabricated building according to claim 3, wherein: the inner wall supporting system (1) further comprises a floor mopping rod (13) arranged between the bottom rod and the top surface of the prefabricated floor slab.
6. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 5, wherein: the bottom surface of the mop rod (13) is provided with a flexible layer.
7. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 1, wherein: but fixed bolster (3) still including setting up braced frame (31) top height-adjusting's board floor support piece, precast floor slab support piece's top surface bearing precast floor's bottom die (42) of the bottom surface of floor slab or bearing post-cast strip between the precast floor slab, precast floor slab support piece and braced frame (31) threaded connection.
8. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 7, wherein: the fixed support (3) further comprises a spacing block (43) located between the vertical wall sticking rod (32) and the prefabricated wall board, and the top end of the vertical wall sticking rod (32) is provided with a floor support piece.
9. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 7, wherein: the fixed support (3) further comprises a triangular support fixedly connected to the top of the vertical rod, the triangular support comprises a horizontal ejector rod (38) and a support inclined rod (39), and the floor support is in threaded connection with the horizontal ejector rod (38).
10. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 7, wherein: the inner wall supporting system (1) further comprises a prefabricated floor supporting column (14) which is positioned between the upper prefabricated floor and the lower prefabricated floor and used for supporting and fixing the upper prefabricated floor.
11. The support system of claim 7, wherein: interior wall braced system (1) still includes two counterpoint settings in same room fixed bolster (3) interconnect's horizontal pull rod (15), the both ends of horizontal pull rod (15) are connected with the top position of the wall montant (32) of two fixed bolsters (3).
12. A support system for a fabricated building according to claim 1, wherein: the prefabricated wall comprises a prefabricated wall plate and is characterized by further comprising an outer wall supporting system (2), wherein the outer wall supporting system (2) comprises a fixing support (3) located on the inner side of the prefabricated wall plate and an outer wall support (21) located on the outer side of the prefabricated wall plate, the outer wall support (21) comprises an outer scaffold and a vertical wall-attached outer rod (22) which are fixedly connected with each other, a connecting hole which is aligned with the wall-attached vertical rod (32) is formed in the wall-attached outer rod (22), and a through bolt (34) penetrates through the prefabricated outer wall plate and the connecting hole and then fixes the wall-attached outer rod (22); the outer scaffolding includes outer guardrails (23) and walkway plates (24).
13. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 12, wherein: the bottommost part of the outer scaffold is placed on the ground, and the outer scaffolds of all floors are vertically connected through connecting rods.
14. A support system for a fabricated building according to claim 12, wherein: paste and set up between wall outer pole (22) and the prefabricated wall panel and separate empty block (43), different floors paste wall outer pole (22) and adopt the connecting rod to connect.
15. The support system of a fabricated building according to claim 12, wherein: the outer vertical wall-attached rods (22) are further connected with template fixing ribs (25), two ends of each template fixing rib (25) are respectively connected with the two adjacent outer vertical wall-attached rods (22), and the template fixing ribs (25) fix the templates of the post-cast strip (41) of the prefabricated outer wall panel on the outer surface of the prefabricated outer wall panel.
16. A fixing bracket of a prefabricated interior wall panel, characterized in that the fixing bracket (3) is a fixing bracket (3) according to any one of claims 1-14.
17. A fixing bracket for prefabricated exterior wall panels, characterized in that the fixing bracket (3) comprises the fixing bracket (3) for fixing prefabricated exterior wall panels and the exterior wall bracket (21) as claimed in any one of claims 12 and 15.
CN202110462492.6A 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 Fixed bolster of prefabricated wallboard and contain braced system of this support Pending CN115247498A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110462492.6A CN115247498A (en) 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 Fixed bolster of prefabricated wallboard and contain braced system of this support

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110462492.6A CN115247498A (en) 2021-04-27 2021-04-27 Fixed bolster of prefabricated wallboard and contain braced system of this support

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CN115247498A true CN115247498A (en) 2022-10-28

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114382170A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-04-22 曹大燕 Construction method for upper-layer prefabricated vertical component

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114382170A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-04-22 曹大燕 Construction method for upper-layer prefabricated vertical component
CN114382170B (en) * 2021-12-21 2024-01-30 曹大燕 Construction method of upper prefabricated vertical component

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