CN115193202A - Energy-saving environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower - Google Patents

Energy-saving environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115193202A
CN115193202A CN202211136852.4A CN202211136852A CN115193202A CN 115193202 A CN115193202 A CN 115193202A CN 202211136852 A CN202211136852 A CN 202211136852A CN 115193202 A CN115193202 A CN 115193202A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
washing tower
cover
box
pipe
packing
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Pending
Application number
CN202211136852.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谷如江
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Aerospace Hydrogen Cangzhou Gas Co ltd
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Aerospace Hydrogen Cangzhou Gas Co ltd
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Priority to CN202211136852.4A priority Critical patent/CN115193202A/en
Publication of CN115193202A publication Critical patent/CN115193202A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/40Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D45/00 and B01D47/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/18Absorbing units; Liquid distributors therefor
    • B01D53/185Liquid distributors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/26Drying gases or vapours
    • B01D53/261Drying gases or vapours by adsorption
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
    • C10K1/00Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
    • C10K1/02Dust removal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
    • C10K1/00Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
    • C10K1/02Dust removal
    • C10K1/026Dust removal by centrifugal forces
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
    • C10K1/00Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
    • C10K1/08Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide by washing with liquids; Reviving the used wash liquors
    • C10K1/10Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide by washing with liquids; Reviving the used wash liquors with aqueous liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
    • C10K1/00Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
    • C10K1/32Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide with selectively adsorptive solids, e.g. active carbon
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to an energy-saving and environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower which comprises a supporting table, a washing tower cylinder, a cyclone dust removal mechanism, a filtrate recovery mechanism, a defogging component and a spraying mechanism, wherein a bearing frame is fixedly arranged on the supporting table.

Description

Energy-saving environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to an energy-saving and environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower.
Background
The synthetic gas is generally produced by gasifying solid fuels such as coal or coke, is a raw material gas taking hydrogen and carbon monoxide as main components, the crude synthetic gas generally contains a large amount of solid particles, generally needs a washing tower to settle the solid particles in the raw material gas, the washing tower is novel gas purification treatment equipment, is produced by improving a gas purifier with a floatable packing layer, is widely applied to pretreatment in the aspects of industrial waste gas purification, dust removal and the like, has good purification effect, and is unavoidable for coal gasification process, and whatever coal gasification technology is used for the unit operation, so the raw material gas is named as the washing tower because the working principle is similar to a washing process.
With the development of society, environmental problems are getting worse, for solving environmental problems, for China, energy saving and environmental protection are the basic national policy of China, most of the prior art washing towers directly utilize the contact between gas and washing liquid to transfer pollutants and particles in the gas into liquid when performing gas purification and separation treatment on solid particles in crude synthesis gas, and then separate clean gas from polluted liquid to achieve the purpose of cleaning air.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the energy-saving and environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower, when impurities such as solid particles and the like in the crude synthetic gas are separated and purified, the energy-saving and environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower is convenient for preliminarily settling and separating most of solid particles in the crude synthetic gas in advance, so that the saturation of washing liquid is greatly delayed when the primarily separated synthetic gas is contacted with the washing liquid, the generation of washing liquid wastewater is reduced, the purification power of the washing tower is convenient to adjust according to the concentration of the solid particles and the discharge capacity of gas in the synthetic gas, the energy is more saved, and meanwhile, when the filler in the washing tower is cleaned and replaced, the cleaning and replacement of the filler in the washing tower can be realized without stopping the purification of the synthetic gas by the washing tower.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an energy-saving environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower comprises a supporting table, a washing tower cylinder, a cyclone dust removal mechanism, a filtrate recovery mechanism, a defogging component and a spraying mechanism;
the washing tower comprises a support table, a washing tower barrel, a gas guide cover, a cyclone dust removal mechanism, a gas guide cover, a cyclone dust removal mechanism and a gas guide cavity, wherein the support table is fixedly provided with the support frame, the washing tower barrel is arranged in the support frame, the washing tower barrel is positioned above the support table, the bottom end of the washing tower barrel is fixedly communicated with the anticorrosion cover, part of the anticorrosion cover is positioned in the washing tower barrel, the gas guide cover is fixedly provided with the gas guide cover, the gas guide cover is positioned in the washing tower barrel, a guide cavity is formed between the gas guide cover and the anticorrosion cover, the cyclone dust removal mechanism is fixedly arranged in the anticorrosion cover through a plurality of connecting rods, part of the cyclone dust removal mechanism extends to the lower part of the anticorrosion cover, the air outlet end of the cyclone dust removal mechanism is positioned in the guide cavity between the gas guide cover and the anticorrosion cover, and the air inlet end of the cyclone dust removal mechanism extends to the outside of the washing tower barrel;
the cross-shaped dividing frame is arranged between the washing tower cylinder body and the gas guide cover and divides the washing tower cylinder body and the gas guide cover into four separation cavities with equal size, four exhaust through holes are formed in the lower portion of the gas guide cover and correspond to the four separation cavities respectively, four blocking assemblies used for blocking the exhaust through holes are arranged on the washing tower cylinder body, the filtrate recovery mechanism is arranged on the supporting table and is communicated with the bottom end of the washing tower cylinder body through four recovery funnels, and the four recovery funnels correspond to the four separation cavities respectively;
the packing mechanism and the cover are located on the washing tower barrel, the packing mechanism comprises four packing components and four packing components, the packing components are respectively matched with four separation cavities, the cover is detachably mounted above the washing tower barrel through a plurality of bolts, the cover is communicated with an exhaust pipe and is fixedly connected with two mounting handles, the demisting component is located inside the washing tower barrel and is arranged on the cross partition frame, the spraying mechanism is arranged on the bearing frame and the washing tower barrel, and the part of the spraying mechanism is located between the packing mechanism and the demisting component.
Preferably, cyclone dust removal mechanism includes dust removal case, spiral air-supply line, play tuber pipe, dust hopper and dust collection box, the dust removal case is through a plurality of connecting rod fixed mounting in the inside of anticorrosive cover, the one end intercommunication of spiral air-supply line is on the upper portion of dust removal case, and the other end extends to the outside of washing tower barrel, it is on the top of dust removal case to go out the tuber pipe intercommunication, and the one end that goes out the tuber pipe is located the inside of dust removal case, and the other end is located the inside of water conservancy diversion cavity chamber, dust hopper one end intercommunication is in the bottom of dust removal case to be located the below of washing tower barrel, the other end of dust hopper with communicate between the top of dust collection box, the top at a supporting bench is installed to the dust collection box, and the inside slip demountable installation of dust collection box has the dust collection box.
Furthermore, the blocking assembly comprises an electric push rod and a blocking block, the electric push rod is installed on the outer surface of the washing tower cylinder, the output end of the electric push rod penetrates through the inside of the washing tower cylinder and is fixedly installed between one end of the blocking block, and the other end of the blocking block is correspondingly matched with the exhaust through hole.
Still further, filtrating recovery mechanism includes filtrating recovery box and U type honeycomb duct, U type honeycomb duct intercommunication is in the upper portion of filtrating recovery box, U type honeycomb duct and four communicate each other between recovery funnel's the other end, installing on a supporting bench top of filtrating recovery box to be located one side of dust collection box, filtrating recovery box is last to have the case lid through two demountable installation of a plurality of bolts, install observation window on the case lid, the internally mounted of filtrating recovery box has the filter frame, the internally mounted of filter frame has the filter screen, the filter screen is located the below of U type honeycomb duct, and the mesh that trades that is used for changing the filter screen is offered to one side of filtrating recovery box to this one side is sealed demountable installation through three of a plurality of bolts and is traded the wire gauze lid, trade the wire lid and trade between the mesh correspondingly, one side lower part intercommunication of filtrating recovery box has the fluid-discharge tube, install the valve on the fluid-discharge tube.
As a further scheme of the scheme, the packing assembly comprises a packing frame, regular packing and a material changing cover; the packing frame is fixedly installed inside the separation cavity, the structured packing is installed inside the packing frame, the outer surface of the washing tower cylinder body is provided with a material changing hole used for changing the structured packing, the material changing cover is detachably installed on the outer surface of the washing tower cylinder body through four bolts in a sealing mode, and the material changing cover corresponds to the material changing hole.
As a further scheme of this scheme, the defogging subassembly includes loading board and water-fast honeycomb active carbon, loading board fixed mounting is in the top that the frame was cut apart to the cross to seted up a plurality of defogging through-holes on the loading board, water-fast honeycomb active carbon establishes the top at the loading board.
On the basis of the scheme, spray mechanism includes spray water pump, ring pipe and spray assembly, spray water pump installs and bears the frame, and spray water pump's input leads to pipe one and the filtrating communicates each other between one side of collection box lower part, spray water pump's output lead to pipe two with communicate between the ring pipe, the ring pipe encircles and sets up around the washing tower barrel, spray assembly includes four annular spraying pipes, four annular spraying pipe is respectively through a plurality of steady piece fixed mounting in the inside of four separation cavities, all communicates on four annular spraying pipes has connecting pipe and a plurality of atomizer, four the other end of connecting pipe all extend to the outside of washing tower barrel and communicate each other between the ring pipe, all install the speed governing small-valve on four connecting pipes.
On the basis of the scheme, a stabilizing support for stabilizing the spiral air inlet pipe and the water pipe II is fixedly arranged on the bearing frame.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the known public technology, the invention provides an energy-saving and environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. in the invention, the crude synthesis gas is discharged into the cyclone dust removal mechanism, the cyclone dust removal mechanism is convenient for preliminarily settling large-particle dust and impurities in the crude synthesis gas, the preliminarily settled synthesis gas is discharged from the inside of the exhaust through hole through the flow guide cavity, the synthesis gas enters the designated separation cavity through the cooperation of the blocking mechanism according to the gas discharge amount, the dust content and the like, the power of the spraying mechanism is automatically adjusted according to the number of the crude synthesis gas entering the designated separation cavity, so that the synthesis gas washing tower is more energy-saving, the synthesis gas and the washing liquid are in full contact through the cooperation of the filling mechanism, the impurities and the particles in the synthesis gas are separated by the washing liquid, the use duration of the washing liquid is greatly prolonged, the washing liquid is convenient for recycling through the cooperation of the filtrate recovery mechanism, and the washing liquid can be filtered to a certain degree at the same time, and the saturation of the washing liquid is delayed;
2. according to the invention, the demisting component is matched, so that the moisture in the separated and purified synthetic gas can be dried to a certain degree, and meanwhile, the peculiar smell in the synthetic gas can be adsorbed, the purification performance is greatly improved, the filler mechanism can be cleaned or replaced conveniently through the independent matching between the blocking component and the spraying component in the four separation cavities, the separation and purification of the synthetic gas by the washing tower are not required to be stopped, and the practicability is strong.
Therefore, this energy-concerving and environment-protective type synthetic gas scrubbing tower, when separating the purification to the impurity such as the solid particulate matter of the internal portion of thick synthetic gas, not only be convenient for carry out preliminary sedimentation separation with the most solid particle of the internal portion of thick synthetic gas in advance, make the synthetic gas after the preliminary separation when contacting with washing liquid, the saturation of washing liquid has been delayed greatly, reduce the production of washing liquid waste water, and still be convenient for according to the concentration of the well solid particle of synthetic gas, gaseous discharge capacity is adjusted the purification power of scrubbing tower, make it more energy-conserving, when clearing up the change to the inside filler of scrubbing tower simultaneously, need not to stop the scrubbing tower to the purification of synthetic gas, can realize the cleanness and the change to the inside filler of scrubbing tower.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below. It is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, and that for a person skilled in the art, other drawings can be derived from them without inventive effort.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention in partial cross-section;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a partially cut-away perspective structure of the combination of the erosion shield, the gas dome and the cyclone dust removal mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the spray pump, annular tube, spray assembly, etc. of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the packing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a portion of the structure of FIG. 1;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at B;
fig. 9 is a schematic view of a part of an enlarged structure at C in fig. 1 according to the present invention.
The reference numerals in the drawings represent: 1. a support table; 2. a carrier; 3. washing the column body; 4. an anti-corrosion cover; 5. a gas dome; 6. a cross-shaped dividing frame; 7. a recovery funnel; 8. a cylinder cover; 9. an exhaust duct; 10. installing a handle; 11. a dust removal box; 12. a spiral air inlet pipe; 13. an air outlet pipe; 14. a dust collecting hopper; 15. a dust collection box; 16. a dust collecting box; 17. an electric push rod; 18. a plugging block; 19. a filtration recovery tank; 20. a U-shaped flow guide pipe; 21. a box cover; 22. a filter frame; 23. a filter screen; 24. a liquid discharge pipe; 25. a filling frame; 26. packing regularly; 27. a material changing cover; 28. a carrier plate; 29. water-resistant honeycomb activated carbon; 30. a spray water pump; 31. an annular tube; 32. a first water pipe; 33. a water pipe II; 34. an annular spray tube; 35. a connecting pipe; 36. an atomizing spray head; 37. a small speed regulating valve; 38. a stabilizing support; 101. a cyclone dust removal mechanism; 102. a filtrate recovery mechanism; 103. a packing mechanism; 104. and (4) a spraying mechanism.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1-9, the energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas scrubber comprises a support table 1, a scrubber cylinder 3, a cyclone dust removing mechanism 101, a filtrate recycling mechanism 102, a defogging component, and a spraying mechanism 104.
Wherein, fixed mounting bears frame 2 on brace table 1, washing tower barrel 3 is installed in the inside that bears frame 2, washing tower barrel 3 is located the top of brace table 1, the bottom mounting intercommunication of washing tower barrel 3 has anticorrosive cover 4, the part of anticorrosive cover 4 is located the inside of washing tower barrel 3, fixed mounting has gaseous kuppe 5 on the anticorrosive cover 4, gaseous kuppe 5 is located the inside of washing tower barrel 3, and form a water conservancy diversion cavity between gaseous kuppe 5 and the anticorrosive cover 4, cyclone 101 is through a plurality of connecting rod fixed mounting in the inside of anticorrosive cover 4, and the part extends to the below of anticorrosive cover 4, the air-out end of cyclone 101 is located the inside of the water conservancy diversion cavity between gaseous kuppe 5 and the anticorrosive cover 4, the air inlet end of cyclone 101 extends to the outside of washing tower barrel 3, arrange coarse synthesis gas into cyclone 101's inside, through the cooperation of cyclone 101, be convenient for carry out preliminary settlement to the large granule dust and the impurity of the internal portion of coarse synthesis gas.
The cross located inside the washing tower barrel 3 is divided into a frame 6, the cross is divided into four equal-size separation cavities, the frame 6 is installed between the washing tower barrel 3 and the gas guide cover 5, the four exhaust through holes are formed in the lower portion of the gas guide cover 5 and correspond to the four separation cavities respectively, four blocking assemblies used for blocking the exhaust through holes are arranged on the washing tower barrel 3, a filtrate recovery mechanism 102 is installed on the supporting table 1 and communicated with the bottom end of the washing tower barrel 3 through four recovery funnels 7, the four recovery funnels 7 correspond to the four separation cavities respectively, initially settled synthetic gas is discharged from the inner portions of the exhaust through holes through the guide cavities, the initially settled synthetic gas enters the designated separation cavities through the cooperation of the blocking mechanisms according to the size of gas discharge capacity, the concentration of dust content and the like, three of the four separation cavities are used as normal work, and one of the four separation cavities is used as a temporary replacement cavity.
Be located packing mechanism 103 and cover 8 on washing tower barrel 3, packing mechanism 103 includes four packing components, four packing components respectively with four separation cavity between phase-match, cover 8 is through a plurality of bolt demountable installation in the top of washing tower barrel 3, the intercommunication has exhaust pipe 9 on the cover 8, and two installation handles 10 of fixedly connected with, the defogging subassembly is located the inside of washing tower barrel 3, and establish on the frame 6 is cut apart to the cross, it establishes on bearing frame 2 and washing tower barrel 3 to spray mechanism 104, the part that sprays mechanism 104 is located between packing mechanism 103 and the defogging subassembly, get into the quantity of appointed separation cavity according to crude synthetic gas, adjust the power that sprays mechanism 104 and the position that sprays, make this synthetic gas washing tower more energy-conserving.
Wherein, as shown in fig. 4, the cyclone dust removing mechanism 101 comprises a dust removing box 11, a spiral air inlet pipe 12, an air outlet pipe 13, a dust collecting hopper 14 and a dust collecting box 15, the dust removing box 11 is fixedly arranged inside the corrosion-proof cover 4 through a plurality of connecting rods, one end of the spiral air inlet pipe 12 is communicated with the upper part of the dust removing box 11, the other end extends to the outside of the washing tower cylinder 3, the air outlet pipe 13 is communicated with the top end of the dust removing box 11, one end of the air outlet pipe 13 is arranged inside the dust removing box 11, the other end is arranged inside the diversion cavity, one end of the dust collecting hopper 14 is communicated with the bottom end of the dust removing box 11 and is arranged below the washing tower cylinder 3, the other end of the dust collecting hopper 14 is communicated with the top end of the dust collecting box 15, the dust collecting box 15 is arranged at the top end of the supporting platform 1, the inside slip demountable installation of dust collection box 15 has dust-collecting box 16, when using, when the crude synthesis gas passes through spiral air-supply line 12 and gets into the inside of dust removal case 11, the crude synthesis gas becomes circular motion by linear motion, the large granule dust of the internal portion of crude synthesis gas receives centrifugal force's influence to adhere to on the inner wall of dust removal case 11, the dust granule that adheres to on the dust removal case 11 inner wall receives the influence of gravity, get into the inside of dust collection box 15 through dust hopper 14, can through the collection of the dust collection box 16 of the internal portion of dust collection box 15 to the granule dust, crude synthesis gas after the preliminary settlement in the dust removal case 11, get into the inside of water conservancy diversion cavity after discharging through air-out pipe 13, discharge into the inside of separation cavity from the exhaust through-hole on the gas kuppe 5 through the water conservancy diversion cavity.
The blocking component comprises an electric push rod 17 and a blocking block 18, the electric push rod 17 is installed on the outer surface of the washing tower cylinder 3, the output end of the electric push rod 17 penetrates through the inside of the washing tower cylinder 3 and is fixedly installed between one end of the blocking block 18, the other end of the blocking block 18 is correspondingly matched with the exhaust through hole, when the device is used, the electric push rod 17 is started, the output end of the electric push rod 17 drives the blocking block 18 to move, so that the corresponding exhaust through hole can be blocked, crude synthesis gas after primary separation and filtration through the cyclone dust removal mechanism 101 is obtained, when the internal impurities are still too much or the exhaust amount is relatively large, the blocking blocks 18 and the exhaust through holes in the corresponding amount are separated, the crude synthesis gas is discharged through the exhaust through holes in the corresponding amount, separation and purification of the impurities in the crude synthesis gas are realized by adjusting the matching between the power of the spraying mechanism 104 and the filling mechanism 103, when the synthesis gas is purified, the separation cavities in the corresponding amount are selected to enter according to the exhaust amount of the synthesis gas and the concentration of the impurities, and the separation cavities are automatically adjusted by adjusting the spraying mechanism 104, so that the self power of the device is more energy-saving when the device is used.
Wherein, the filtrate recycling mechanism 102 comprises a filtrate filtering recycling box 19 and a U-shaped guide pipe 20, the U-shaped guide pipe 20 is communicated with the upper part of the filtrate filtering recycling box 19, the U-shaped guide pipe 20 is communicated with the other ends of the four recycling funnels 7, the filtrate filtering recycling box 19 is arranged at the top end of the support platform 1 and is positioned at one side of the dust collection box 15, a box cover 21 is detachably arranged on the filtrate filtering recycling box 19 through a plurality of bolts II, an observation window is arranged on the box cover 21 and is made of transparent material, a filter frame 22 is arranged inside the filtrate filtering recycling box 19, a filter screen 23 is arranged inside the filter frame 22, the filter screen 23 is positioned below the U-shaped guide pipe 20, one side of the filtrate filtering recycling box 19 is provided with a screen replacing hole for replacing the filter screen 23, and the screen replacing cover is detachably arranged at the one side through a plurality of bolts III in a sealing way, the screen replacing cover corresponds to the screen replacing hole, a liquid discharge pipe 24 is communicated with the lower part of one side of the filtrate filtering and recycling tank 19, a valve is arranged on the liquid discharge pipe 24, when in use, cleaning solution is sprayed in a corresponding separation chamber through a spraying mechanism 104, crude synthesis gas in the separation chamber is sprayed and purified, the components of the cleaning solution can be correspondingly added with certain medicaments for facilitating dust removal according to the components in the crude synthesis gas in the actual use process, the cleaning solution with dust particles flows into the U-shaped conduit through a recycling funnel 7 at the bottom of the separation chamber, the cleaning solution flows into the filtering and recycling tank 19 through the U-shaped conduit, the cleaning solution with impurity particles falls into the upper part of the filter screen 23, partial large-particle impurities are left on the filter screen 23 through the penetration filtration of the filter screen 23, and the cleaning solution permeates to the lower part of the filter screen 23 so as to facilitate the recycling of the cleaning solution, the saturation of washing liquid has been delayed greatly is long, reduces the production of saturated washing liquid, removes dust through the secondary to crude synthesis gas and separates the filtration after, and not only purifying effect is better, and has reduced the production of a large amount of useless washing liquid, and the feature of environmental protection is better, simultaneously, through dismantling bolt three, takes off and trades the wire gauze lid, takes out filter screen 23 through trading the mesh, can clean and change filter screen 23.
As shown in fig. 6, the packing assembly includes a packing frame 25, a structured packing 26 and a material changing cover 27, the packing frame 25 is fixedly installed inside the separation cavity, the structured packing 26 is installed inside the packing frame 25, a material changing hole for changing the structured packing 26 is provided on the outer surface of the washing tower barrel 3, the material changing cover 27 is detachably installed on the outer surface of the washing tower barrel 3 through four seals of a plurality of bolts, the material changing cover 27 corresponds to the material changing hole, when the washing tower is used, the washing liquid is sprayed through the spraying mechanism 104, the washing liquid is sprayed onto the regular packing, the crude synthesis gas and the washing liquid are fully contacted inside the structured packing 26, the contact area between the washing liquid and the synthesis gas is increased, the purification capacity is improved, when the washing tower is in operation, the regular packing needs to be changed, the crude synthesis gas is discharged into the temporarily replaced inside the separation cavity through the blockage of the coarse synthesis gas assembly, the corresponding spraying mechanism 104 is started to normally purify the coarse gas, then the bolts are detached, the four bolts are taken down, the regular packing 26 can be changed, and the interior of the packing frame can be sequentially used for cleaning the three interior of the regular packing 26 or the three normal separation cavities.
Wherein, the defogging subassembly includes loading board 28 and water-fast honeycomb active carbon 29, the top of frame 6 is cut apart at the cross to loading board 28 fixed mounting, and a plurality of defogging through-holes have been seted up on the loading board 28, water-fast honeycomb active carbon 29 establishes the top at loading board 28, when using, the synthetic gas after the washing liquid purification is inside can contain partial moisture and water smoke, simultaneously still can be accompanied with the peculiar smell, synthetic gas this moment makes at water-fast honeycomb active carbon 29, can adsorb its inside moisture and peculiar smell through water-fast honeycomb active carbon 29, also can separate the absorption to the inside impurity of synthetic gas the cubic simultaneously, water-fast honeycomb active carbon 29 is the activated carbon through special treatment of market purchase, it has fine water proofness, be difficult for meeting water and becoming soft etc., when changing water-fast honeycomb active carbon 29, dismantle bolt one and take off barrel cover 8 through installation handle 10, can change water-fast honeycomb active carbon 29.
As shown in fig. 5, the spraying mechanism 104 includes a spraying water pump 30, a ring pipe 31 and a spraying assembly, the spraying water pump 30 is installed on the bearing frame 2, an input end of the spraying water pump 30 is communicated with one side of the lower portion of the filtrate filtering recovery tank 19 through a first water pipe 32, an output end of the spraying water pump 30 is communicated with the ring pipe 31 through a second water pipe 33, the ring pipe 31 is arranged around the washing tower cylinder 3, the spraying assembly includes four ring spraying pipes 34, the four ring spraying pipes 34 are respectively and fixedly installed inside the four separation cavities through a plurality of stabilizing blocks, the four ring spraying pipes 34 are respectively communicated with a connecting pipe 35 and a plurality of atomizing nozzles 36, the other ends of the four connecting pipes 35 extend to the outside of the washing tower cylinder 3 and are communicated with the ring pipe 31, the four connecting pipes 35 are respectively provided with small speed regulating valves 37, when in use, the small speed regulating valves 37 corresponding to the inside of the separation cavities are opened according to the coarse synthesis gas passing through the separation cavities, the spraying water pump 30 is started, the spraying water pump 30 is a variable frequency water pump purchased on the market, the cleaning water pump 30 can be purified by opening the small atomizing nozzles 32 of the annular spraying pipes 34, and the small atomizing nozzles 34 can be purified according to the cleaning water pipe 34.
Wherein, a stabilizing bracket 38 for stabilizing the spiral air inlet pipe 12 and the second water pipe 33 is fixedly arranged on the bearing frame 2, and the position of the spiral air inlet pipe 12 and the position of the second water pipe 33 are stabilized through the stabilizing bracket 38.
It should be added to the above embodiments that, the parts inside the washing tower, which are in contact with the synthesis gas or the washing liquid, such as the inner wall of the washing tower barrel 3, the outer surface of the corrosion prevention cover 4, and the whole gas guiding cover 5, are coated with the corrosion prevention rust prevention layer to increase the service life of the washing tower.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. Energy-concerving and environment-protective type synthetic gas scrubbing tower, its characterized in that includes:
the supporting platform (1), a bearing frame (2) is fixedly arranged on the supporting platform (1);
the washing tower comprises a washing tower cylinder (3), wherein the washing tower cylinder (3) is arranged in the bearing frame (2), the washing tower cylinder (3) is positioned above the supporting table (1), the bottom end of the washing tower cylinder (3) is fixedly communicated with an anti-corrosion cover (4), part of the anti-corrosion cover (4) is positioned in the washing tower cylinder (3), a gas guide cover (5) is fixedly arranged on the anti-corrosion cover (4), the gas guide cover (5) is positioned in the washing tower cylinder (3), and a guide cavity is formed between the gas guide cover (5) and the anti-corrosion cover (4);
the cyclone dust removal mechanism (101) is fixedly arranged in the anti-corrosion cover (4) through a plurality of connecting rods, part of the cyclone dust removal mechanism (101) extends to the lower side of the anti-corrosion cover (4), the air outlet end of the cyclone dust removal mechanism (101) is positioned in the guide cavity between the gas guide cover (5) and the anti-corrosion cover (4), and the air inlet end of the cyclone dust removal mechanism (101) extends to the outside of the washing tower cylinder (3);
the cross-shaped dividing frame (6) is positioned in the washing tower cylinder body (3), the cross-shaped dividing frame (6) is installed between the washing tower cylinder body (3) and the gas guide cover (5) and divides the space between the washing tower cylinder body (3) and the gas guide cover (5) into four separation cavities with equal size, four exhaust through holes are formed in the lower portion of the gas guide cover (5), the four exhaust through holes correspond to the four separation cavities respectively, and four blocking assemblies used for blocking the exhaust through holes are arranged on the washing tower cylinder body (3);
the filtrate recovery mechanism (102), the filtrate recovery mechanism (102) is installed on the support table (1), the filtrate recovery mechanism (102) is communicated with the bottom end of the washing tower cylinder body (3) through four recovery funnels (7), and the four recovery funnels (7) respectively correspond to the four separation cavities;
the packing mechanism (103) and the barrel cover (8) are positioned on the washing tower barrel body (3), the packing mechanism (103) comprises four packing components, the four packing components are respectively matched with the four separation cavities, the barrel cover (8) is detachably arranged above the washing tower barrel body (3) through a plurality of bolts, an exhaust pipe (9) is communicated with the barrel cover (8), and two mounting handles (10) are fixedly connected with the barrel cover (8);
the demisting component is positioned inside the washing tower cylinder (3) and arranged on the cross-shaped dividing frame (6);
and the spraying mechanism (104) is arranged on the bearing frame (2) and the washing tower cylinder body (3), and part of the spraying mechanism (104) is positioned between the packing mechanism (103) and the demisting assembly.
2. The energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas washing tower of claim 1, wherein the cyclone dust removal mechanism (101) comprises a dust removal box (11), a spiral air inlet pipe (12), an air outlet pipe (13), a dust hopper (14) and a dust collection box (15);
dust removal case (11) are through the inside of a plurality of connecting rod fixed mounting in anticorrosive cover (4), the one end intercommunication of spiral air-supply line (12) is on the upper portion of dust removal case (11), and the other end extends to the outside of washing tower barrel (3), go out the top of air-out pipe (13) intercommunication at dust removal case (11), the one end that goes out air pipe (13) is located the inside of dust removal case (11), and the other end is located the inside of water conservancy diversion cavity, dust hopper (14) one end intercommunication is in the bottom of dust removal case (11) to be located the below of washing tower barrel (3), the other end of dust hopper (14) with communicate between the top of dust hopper (15), the top at brace table (1) is installed to dust hopper (15), and the inside slip demountable installation of dust hopper (15) has dust collection box (16).
3. The energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas scrubber tower of claim 2, wherein the plug assembly comprises an electric push rod (17) and a plug block (18);
the electric push rod (17) is installed on the outer surface of the washing tower cylinder body (3), the output end of the electric push rod (17) penetrates through the inside of the washing tower cylinder body (3) and is fixedly installed between one end of the blocking block (18), and the other end of the blocking block (18) is correspondingly matched with the exhaust through hole.
4. The energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas washing tower of claim 3, wherein the filtrate recovery mechanism (102) comprises a filtrate filtration recovery tank (19) and a U-shaped draft tube (20);
the U-shaped draft tube (20) is communicated with the upper part of the filtrate filtering and recovering box (19), and the U-shaped draft tube (20) is communicated with the other ends of the four recovering funnels (7);
the filtrate filtering and recycling box (19) is arranged at the top end of the supporting table (1) and is positioned at one side of the dust collecting box (15), a box cover (21) is detachably arranged on the filtrate filtering and recycling box (19) through a plurality of bolts II, an observation window is arranged on the box cover (21), a filter frame (22) is arranged inside the filtrate filtering and recycling box (19), a filter screen (23) is arranged inside the filter frame (22), the utility model discloses a filter screen, including filter screen (23), filtrating recovery box (19), filtrating filtration recovery box (19), filtrating recovery box (19) is located the below of U type honeycomb duct (20), and the one side of filtrating recovery box (19) is offered and is used for changing the mesh of changing of filter screen (23) to this one side has the wire gauze lid of changing through three sealed demountable installation of a plurality of bolts, it is corresponding between the mesh to change the wire gauze lid, and one side lower part intercommunication of filtrating recovery box (19) has fluid-discharge tube (24), install the valve on fluid-discharge tube (24).
5. The energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas washing tower of claim 4, wherein the packing assembly comprises a packing frame (25), structured packing (26) and a refueling cover (27);
the packing frame (25) is fixedly installed inside the separation cavity, the structured packing (26) is installed inside the packing frame (25), the outer surface of the washing tower barrel body (3) is provided with a material changing hole for replacing the structured packing (26), the material changing cover (27) is detachably installed on the outer surface of the washing tower barrel body (3) in a sealed mode through a plurality of bolts, and the material changing cover (27) corresponds to the material changing hole.
6. The energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas washing tower as claimed in claim 5, wherein said demisting component comprises a bearing plate (28) and a water-resistant honeycomb activated carbon (29);
bearing plate (28) fixed mounting is in the top that frame (6) was cut apart to the cross to seted up a plurality of defogging through-holes on bearing plate (28), water-fast honeycomb activated carbon (29) are established in the top of bearing plate (28).
7. The energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas scrubber tower of claim 6, wherein the spray mechanism (104) comprises a spray water pump (30), a ring pipe (31), and a spray assembly;
the spray water pump (30) is arranged on the bearing frame (2), the input end of the spray water pump (30) is communicated with one side of the lower part of the filtrate filtering and recycling tank (19) through a first water pipe (32), the output end of the spray water pump (30) is communicated with the annular pipe (31) through a second water pipe (33), and the annular pipe (31) is arranged around the washing tower cylinder (3);
the spray assembly comprises four annular spray pipes (34) and four annular spray pipes (34) are fixedly mounted in the four separation cavities through a plurality of stabilizing blocks respectively, the four annular spray pipes (34) are communicated with a connecting pipe (35) and a plurality of atomizing nozzles (36) respectively, the other ends of the connecting pipes (35) extend to the outside of the washing tower barrel body (3) and are communicated with the annular pipes (31) respectively, and speed regulation small valves (37) are mounted on the four connecting pipes (35).
8. The energy-saving and environment-friendly syngas washing tower of claim 7, characterized in that the supporting frame (2) is fixedly mounted with a stabilizing bracket (38) for stabilizing the spiral air inlet pipe (12) and the second water pipe (33).
CN202211136852.4A 2022-09-19 2022-09-19 Energy-saving environment-friendly synthetic gas washing tower Pending CN115193202A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116603371A (en) * 2023-07-19 2023-08-18 浙江浙能迈领环境科技有限公司 Spray auxiliary device for washing tower

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11165025A (en) * 1997-12-04 1999-06-22 Aizono Masaru Method of removing noxious matter such as waste gas in combustion furnace or the like and removing device therefor
CN102690689A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-09-26 神华集团有限责任公司 Device and method for scrubbing and purifying coal gas
CN206867749U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-01-12 云南国润香料制造有限公司 A kind of eucalyptus oil rectifying column for being easy to maintenance
CN110237682A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-09-17 国惠环保新能源有限公司 A kind of coal-fired flue-gas complementary energy recycling spray column with load adaptability
CN210356503U (en) * 2019-06-04 2020-04-21 安徽汇仁堂中药饮片有限公司 Fritillaria cirrhosa processing is with frying medicine machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11165025A (en) * 1997-12-04 1999-06-22 Aizono Masaru Method of removing noxious matter such as waste gas in combustion furnace or the like and removing device therefor
CN102690689A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-09-26 神华集团有限责任公司 Device and method for scrubbing and purifying coal gas
CN206867749U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-01-12 云南国润香料制造有限公司 A kind of eucalyptus oil rectifying column for being easy to maintenance
CN110237682A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-09-17 国惠环保新能源有限公司 A kind of coal-fired flue-gas complementary energy recycling spray column with load adaptability
CN210356503U (en) * 2019-06-04 2020-04-21 安徽汇仁堂中药饮片有限公司 Fritillaria cirrhosa processing is with frying medicine machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116603371A (en) * 2023-07-19 2023-08-18 浙江浙能迈领环境科技有限公司 Spray auxiliary device for washing tower
CN116603371B (en) * 2023-07-19 2023-09-29 浙江浙能迈领环境科技有限公司 Spray auxiliary device for washing tower

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