CN115021115B - Intelligent transformer substation and use method thereof - Google Patents

Intelligent transformer substation and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115021115B
CN115021115B CN202210935821.9A CN202210935821A CN115021115B CN 115021115 B CN115021115 B CN 115021115B CN 202210935821 A CN202210935821 A CN 202210935821A CN 115021115 B CN115021115 B CN 115021115B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
energy storage
groove
pull rope
transformer
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CN202210935821.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN115021115A (en
Inventor
赵立增
李树柏
梁栋
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Shandong Huaquan Power Co ltd
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Shandong Huaquan Power Co ltd
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Priority to CN202210935821.9A priority Critical patent/CN115021115B/en
Publication of CN115021115A publication Critical patent/CN115021115A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/308Mounting of cabinets together
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/60Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators
    • E05F15/603Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors
    • E05F15/665Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings
    • E05F15/668Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings for overhead wings
    • E05F15/681Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings for overhead wings operated by flexible elongated pulling elements, e.g. belts
    • E05F15/686Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings for overhead wings operated by flexible elongated pulling elements, e.g. belts by cables or ropes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/24Circuit arrangements for boards or switchyards
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/28Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof or flameproof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/32Mounting of devices therein
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/46Boxes; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/48Mounting of devices therein
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/56Cooling; Ventilation
    • H02B1/565Cooling; Ventilation for cabinets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B7/00Enclosed substations, e.g. compact substations
    • H02B7/06Distribution substations, e.g. for urban network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • H02J13/00006Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network characterised by information or instructions transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated power network element or electrical equipment
    • H02J13/00022Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network characterised by information or instructions transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated power network element or electrical equipment using wireless data transmission
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/28Arrangements for balancing of the load in a network by storage of energy
    • H02J3/32Arrangements for balancing of the load in a network by storage of energy using batteries with converting means
    • E05Y2999/00

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent transformer substation and a using method thereof, and belongs to the technical field of transformer substations. An intelligent transformer substation comprises a box body, wherein the box body comprises a high-voltage incoming line cabinet, a transformer cabinet, a low-voltage power distribution cabinet and an energy storage cabinet, the energy storage cabinet is arranged at the lower side of the high-voltage incoming line cabinet, the transformer cabinet and the low-voltage power distribution cabinet, mounting grooves are formed in the high-voltage incoming line cabinet, the transformer cabinet, the low-voltage power distribution cabinet and the energy storage cabinet, a cooling fan is arranged in each mounting groove, a filter screen is arranged on the inner wall of each mounting groove, and the high-voltage incoming line cabinet, the transformer cabinet, the low-voltage power distribution cabinet and the energy storage cabinet are all cabinet bodies with openings on one side; the invention can effectively reduce the moving space used when the door plate is opened, thereby reducing the construction area of the peripheral protective fence and reducing the construction cost; meanwhile, when the door plate is opened, an air wall is formed at the opening through the dustproof hole, so that external dust is prevented from entering, and the electric equipment in the box body is prevented from being damaged.

Description

Intelligent transformer substation and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of transformer substations, in particular to an intelligent transformer substation and a using method thereof.
Background
The transformer substation is a place for converting voltage and current, receiving electric energy and distributing electric energy in an electric power system. The substations in the power plant are step-up substations, which are used to boost up the electrical energy generated by the generator and feed it into the high-voltage network. The box-type substation is also called a pre-installed substation or a pre-installed substation. The high-voltage switch equipment, the distribution transformer and the low-voltage distribution device are factory prefabricated indoor and outdoor compact distribution equipment which are integrated according to a certain wiring scheme, namely, the functions of transformer voltage reduction, low-voltage distribution and the like are organically combined together and are arranged in a steel structure box which is damp-proof, rust-proof, dust-proof, rat-proof, fireproof, anti-theft, heat-insulating, totally-closed and movable.
The prefabricated substation in the prior art is generally arranged on the ground, and a protective fence is arranged around the substation for protection. When the prefabricated substation is overhauled, the box door needs to be opened firstly, the box door is generally opened in a single mode or double modes, the box door needs to be turned outwards when opened, the distance between the protective fence and the prefabricated substation needs to meet the turning activity space of the box door, so that the protective fence on the periphery of the prefabricated substation needs to be wide enough, the whole occupied area of the prefabricated substation is large, and the construction cost is increased; meanwhile, in the process of overhauling the inside of the box body by opening the box door by a worker, external dust can enter the box body through the box door, long-term accumulated dust is adhered to components, the normal work of electrical equipment in the box body can be influenced, and the overhauling times and the overhauling cost of distribution equipment are improved.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art and provides an intelligent substation and a using method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an intelligent transformer substation, includes the box, the box includes high-pressure incoming line cabinet, transformer cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet and energy storage cabinet, the energy storage cabinet sets up the downside at high-pressure incoming line cabinet, transformer cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet, the mounting groove has all been seted up in high-pressure incoming line cabinet, transformer cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet and the energy storage cabinet, be provided with radiator fan in the mounting groove, the mounting groove inner wall is provided with the filter screen, high-pressure incoming line cabinet, transformer cabinet, low-voltage distribution cabinet and energy storage cabinet all set up to have the open-ended cabinet body, every the internal door plant that is used for the shutoff open-ended that all is provided with of cabinet, the internal moving mechanism that is used for driving the door plant displacement that is provided with of cabinet, the opening part is provided with the dust hole, the internal wind mechanism that gathers that is provided with of cabinet, it links to each other with the dust hole to gather wind mechanism's air-out end.
Preferably, moving mechanism is including seting up the internal L shape groove in cabinet, door plant sliding connection is at the L shape inslot, the L shape inslot is provided with driving motor, driving motor's output is connected with the output shaft, the output shaft outside is provided with first reel, the cover is equipped with first stay cord on the first reel, the one end that first reel was kept away from to first stay cord links to each other with the top of door plant.
Preferably, moving mechanism is still including seting up at the internal movable groove of cabinet, the movable inslot internal rotation is connected with the dwang, all be provided with the synchronizing wheel on dwang and the output shaft, two be provided with the belt between the synchronizing wheel, be provided with the second reel on the dwang, the cover is equipped with the second stay cord on the second reel, the one end that the second reel was kept away from to the second stay cord links to each other with the bottom of door plant.
Preferably, the door plant includes the head end plate that links to each other with first stay cord, the terminal plate that links to each other with the second stay cord and evenly sets up a plurality of connecting plates between head end plate and terminal plate, link to each other through the pivot activity between head end plate, connecting plate and the terminal plate, all be provided with the connecting rod on head end plate, connecting plate and the terminal plate, be provided with the gyro wheel on the connecting rod, gyro wheel swing joint is at L shape inslot.
Preferably, the wind mechanism that gathers includes two relative sliding connection at the internal side of cabinet fixed plate, be connected with the slider on the fixed plate, the internal side of cabinet is seted up with slider matched with spout, every all be provided with the gas collecting channel on the fixed plate, two the gas collecting channel activity offsets, and two form the gas collecting chamber after the gas collecting channel offsets, one of them the gas collecting channel is external to have the thread hose, wind mechanism that gathers still including seting up at the internal closed groove of cabinet, the internal air guide groove that is used for communicateing thread hose and closed groove that has seted up of cabinet, the closed groove sets up at the opening part, just the dustproof hole communicates with the closed groove each other.
Preferably, the door plate is provided with shielding pieces which are uniformly distributed, and the shielding pieces are connected in the opening in a sliding mode.
Preferably, drive assembly is provided with two sets ofly, every group drive assembly all includes the third reel, two the third reel sets up respectively on output shaft and dwang, every the cover is equipped with the third stay cord on the third reel, the one end that the third reel was kept away from to the third stay cord is connected with the stretch cord, the stretch cord links to each other with the fixed plate is fixed.
Preferably, the cooling fan includes a support frame, the support frame is fixedly arranged in the mounting groove, a cooling motor is arranged in the support frame, an output end of the cooling motor is connected with a cooling fan blade for cooling, and the gas collection cavity is used for collecting air flow generated by the cooling fan blade.
Preferably, the high-voltage incoming line cabinet is externally connected with a high-voltage power grid, an energy storage unit and an inversion unit are arranged in the energy storage cabinet, an energy control system used for controlling the charging and discharging state of the energy storage unit and detecting the state of the energy storage unit is further arranged in the energy storage cabinet, a central processing unit is arranged in the box body, the central processing unit is electrically connected with the high-voltage incoming line cabinet, the transformer cabinet, the low-voltage power distribution cabinet and the energy storage cabinet, a wireless transmitting antenna is further arranged on the box body, and the central processing unit is connected with a control center through the wireless transmitting antenna.
Preferably, the energy storage unit is an energy storage power supply.
Preferably, the intelligent substation is an intelligent substation containing an energy storage power supply.
The invention also discloses a use method of the intelligent substation, which comprises the following steps:
s1: the door plate is formed by movably connecting a plurality of plates, when the door plate moves from a vertical groove of an L-shaped groove to a transverse groove of the L-shaped groove, the plates deflect to enable the door plate to enter the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove and continue to slide, and a shielding sheet moves up synchronously when the door plate moves up, so that a dustproof hole is not shielded any more;
s2: when the output shaft and the rotating rod rotate, the third winding drums on the upper side and the lower side synchronously rotate, so that the third winding drums on the output shaft wind the third pull ropes, the third pull ropes pull the lower fixing plate through the elastic ropes, the gas collecting hoods connected with the lower fixing plate move upwards, the third winding drums on the rotating rod pull the upper fixing plate through the elastic ropes when winding the third pull ropes, the upper gas collecting hoods move downwards, the two gas collecting hoods which are close to each other abut against each other and surround to form a gas collecting cavity, at the moment, the door plate is not completely moved out of the opening, the gas collecting hoods after abutting against each other do not move any more along with the continuous operation of the driving motor, and the elastic ropes are stretched;
s3: after the door plate moves upwards and enters the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove, the opening is opened, a worker can check and maintain the internal electrical equipment, and at the moment, airflow generated by the cooling fan is blocked by the air collecting cavity, enters the closed groove through the threaded hose and the air guide groove, and sprays airflow to the opening through the dustproof hole to form an air wall to block dust outside the box body;
s4: after the staff overhauls and accomplishes, the operation of secondary control driving motor makes driving motor reversal, and driving motor's output drives the output shaft reversal, and first reel no longer carries out the rolling but the release to first stay cord, and the second reel on the dwang carries out the rolling to the second stay cord, through dragging to the door plant lower part, makes the door plant seal the opening again, accomplishes the maintenance to the box.
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides an intelligent transformer substation and a using method thereof, and the intelligent transformer substation has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the intelligent substation and the using method thereof, the door plate is moved upwards to be taken into the upper side of the cabinet body, so that the door plate is prevented from occupying the external moving space of the cabinet body when being opened, the protection area of the peripheral protective fence of the substation is further reduced, and the construction cost is reduced.
2. According to the intelligent substation and the use method thereof, the door plate is divided into the plurality of plates which are arranged in a mutually rotating mode, so that when the independent plate moves to the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove from the vertical groove of the L-shaped groove, the required rotating range of motion is small, the overturning space of the door plate in the cabinet body is reduced, the power equipment and the door plate in the cabinet body are designed to be compact, and the size of the cabinet body is reduced.
3. According to the intelligent substation and the using method thereof, when the door plate is opened, the air wall is formed at the opening by utilizing the airflow sprayed from the dustproof hole, so that external dust is prevented from entering, and long-time dust is prevented from entering and accumulating on components and parts, and the electric equipment inside the box body is prevented from being damaged.
4. The intelligent transformer substation and the using method thereof are characterized in that a high-voltage power grid is connected into a high-voltage incoming line cabinet, the high-voltage power grid enters a low-voltage power distribution cabinet after being transformed by a transformer of the transformer cabinet, finally, electricity is sent into a user, redundant electric energy in the transformer cabinet is charged to an energy storage unit through an energy control system and an inversion unit in an energy storage cabinet when the use requirement of the user is met, and the inversion unit is disconnected after the energy storage unit is fully charged, and the real-time state of the energy storage unit is detected; when the power consumption peak, central processing unit detects transformer power in the transformer cabinet and can not satisfy the user demand, and it is through control energy control system, opens energy storage unit and contravariant unit, discharges to in the low-voltage distribution cabinet, compensates the not enough of user's power consumption, realizes the intelligent control to the transformer substation.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second structural diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the door panel of the present invention when it is not retracted;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the door panel of the present invention in the retracted configuration;
FIG. 5 is a first schematic sectional view of the cabinet of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic sectional view of the cabinet of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic sectional structure view three of the cabinet body of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 7 according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the moving mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a heat dissipation fan according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a door panel according to the present invention;
fig. 12 is a block diagram of the operating principle of the circuit of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a box body; 101. a high-voltage incoming cabinet; 102. a transformer cabinet; 103. a low-voltage power distribution cabinet; 104. an energy storage cabinet; 1041. an energy storage unit; 1042. an inversion unit; 1043. an energy control system; 105. a central processing unit; 106. a wireless transmitting antenna; 107. a control center; 2. mounting grooves; 201. filtering with a screen; 3. a heat radiation fan; 301. a support frame; 302. a heat dissipation motor; 303. a heat dissipation fan blade; 4. an opening; 5. a door panel; 501. a head end plate; 502. connecting the plates; 503. a terminal plate; 6. a dust hole; 7. an L-shaped slot; 8. a drive motor; 801. an output shaft; 802. a first reel; 803. a first pull cord; 9. a movable groove; 901. rotating the rod; 902. a second reel; 903. a second pull cord; 10. a synchronizing wheel; 11. a belt; 12. a connecting rod; 121. a roller; 13. a gas-collecting hood; 131. a fixing plate; 132. a slider; 133. a chute; 14. a closed groove; 141. a threaded hose; 142. a gas guide groove; 15. a shielding sheet; 16. a third reel; 161. a third pull rope; 162. an elastic rope.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, fig. 7 and fig. 8, an intelligent transformer substation comprises a box 1, the box 1 includes a high-voltage incoming cabinet 101, a transformer cabinet 102, a low-voltage distribution cabinet 103 and an energy storage cabinet 104, the energy storage cabinet 104 is disposed at the high-voltage incoming cabinet 101, the transformer cabinet 102 and the lower side of the low-voltage distribution cabinet 103, mounting grooves 2 are formed in the high-voltage incoming cabinet 101, the transformer cabinet 102, the low-voltage distribution cabinet 103 and the energy storage cabinet 104, cooling fans 3 are disposed in the mounting grooves 2, filter screens 201 are disposed on inner walls of the mounting grooves 2, the high-voltage incoming cabinet 101, the transformer cabinet 102, the low-voltage distribution cabinet 103 and the energy storage cabinet 104 are each configured as a cabinet body with an opening 4 on one side, a door panel 5 for plugging the opening 4 is disposed in each cabinet body, a moving mechanism for driving the door panel 5 to displace is disposed in the cabinet body, a dustproof hole 6 is disposed at the opening 4, an air collecting mechanism is disposed in the cabinet body, a driving assembly is disposed between the air collecting mechanism and the moving mechanism, and an air outlet end of the dustproof hole 6 is connected to the dustproof hole.
Specifically, by setting box 1 into upper and lower two parts, upper portion is high-voltage incoming line cabinet 101, transformer cabinet 102 and low-voltage distribution cabinet 103, the lower part is energy storage cabinet 104, enclose in the box 1 outside and establish protective fence and protect, when the staff overhauls each cabinet body on box 1, drive door plant 5 through moving mechanism and remove, make door plant 5 no longer carry out the shutoff to opening 4, be convenient for the staff overhauls the internal power equipment of cabinet, through making door plant 5 move up the upside of income cabinet body, occupy the external activity space of cabinet when avoiding door plant 5 to open, and then reduce the protection area of transformer substation's peripheral protective fence, thereby reduce the construction cost, and moving mechanism during operation, through drive assembly drive collection wind mechanism work, make 6 spun air currents of dust vent form the gas wall in opening 4 department, block the entering of external dust, avoid long-time dust to get into piling up on components and parts, lead to the damage of the internal electrical equipment of box 1, further reduce cost of maintenance.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 9, an intelligent substation is the same as embodiment 1, and further, the moving mechanism includes an L-shaped groove 7 formed in the cabinet body, the door panel 5 is slidably connected in the L-shaped groove 7, a driving motor 8 is arranged in the L-shaped groove 7, an output end of the driving motor 8 is connected with an output shaft 801, a first reel 802 is arranged on the outer side of the output shaft 801, a first pull rope 803 is sleeved on the first reel 802, and one end of the first pull rope 803, which is far away from the first reel 802, is connected with the top of the door panel 5.
Specifically, through the operation of control driving motor 8, make driving motor 8's output drive output shaft 801 rotate, it is rotatory to drive first reel 802 when output shaft 801 rotates, carry out the rolling to first stay cord 803 when first reel 802 is rotatory, make first stay cord 803 drive door plant 5 and move up, when door plant 5 moved to the cross slot in L shape groove 7 by the perpendicular groove in L shape groove 7, door plant 5 can deflect at the internal portion of cabinet, can not occupy the space of the external portion of cabinet.
Example 3:
referring to fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 9, an intelligent substation is the same as embodiment 2, and further, the moving mechanism further includes a movable groove 9 formed in the cabinet body, a rotating rod 901 is rotatably connected to the movable groove 9, synchronizing wheels 10 are respectively arranged on the rotating rod 901 and the output shaft 801, a belt 11 is arranged between the two synchronizing wheels 10, a second winding drum 902 is arranged on the rotating rod 901, a second pull rope 903 is sleeved on the second winding drum 902, and one end of the second pull rope 903, which is far away from the second winding drum 902, is connected to the bottom of the door panel 5.
Specifically, when accomplishing the cabinet body overhaul after, need pack up door plant 5, control driving motor 8 operation and make driving motor 8 reversal, driving motor 8's output drives output shaft 801 reversal, first reel 802 no longer carries out the rolling but release to first stay cord 803, second reel 902 on dwang 901 carries out the rolling to second stay cord 903, through dragging to the door plant 5 lower part, make door plant 5 seal opening 4 again, thereby protect the power equipment of the internal portion of cabinet.
Example 4:
referring to fig. 7 and 11, an intelligent substation is the same as embodiment 3, and further includes a door panel 5 including a head-end plate 501 connected to a first pull rope 803, a tail-end plate 503 connected to a second pull rope 903, and a plurality of connection plates 502 uniformly disposed between the head-end plate 501 and the tail-end plate 503, the head-end plate 501, the connection plates 502, and the tail-end plate 503 are movably connected through a rotating shaft, the head-end plate 501, the connection plates 502, and the tail-end plate 503 are all provided with a connecting rod 12, a roller 121 is disposed on the connecting rod 12, and the roller 121 is movably connected in an L-shaped groove 7.
It is specific, through the plate that falls into a plurality of mutual rotations settings with door plant 5, make independent plate when the perpendicular groove by L-shaped groove 7 moves to the cross slot of L-shaped groove 7, required rotation home range is less, and then reduce the upset space of door plant 5 at the internal cabinet, make the internal power equipment of cabinet and the comparatively compact of door plant 5 design, reduce the volume of the cabinet body, and every plate when removing, slide at L-shaped groove 7 through gyro wheel 121, improve the stability that door plant 5 removed.
Example 5:
referring to fig. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, an intelligent substation is the same as embodiment 3, further, the wind collecting mechanism includes two fixing plates 131 connected to the inner side of the cabinet in a relatively sliding manner, a sliding block 132 is connected to the fixing plates 131, a sliding slot 133 matching with the sliding block 132 is formed on the inner side of the cabinet, each fixing plate 131 is provided with a gas collecting hood 13, the two gas collecting hoods 13 are movably abutted, and the two gas collecting hoods 13 abut to form a gas collecting cavity, one gas collecting hood 13 is externally connected with a threaded hose 141, the wind collecting mechanism further includes a sealed slot 14 formed in the cabinet, a gas guide slot 142 for communicating the threaded hose 141 with the sealed slot 14 is formed in the cabinet, the sealed slot 14 is formed in the opening 4, and the dust-proof hole 6 is communicated with the sealed slot 14.
Further, drive assembly is provided with two sets ofly, and every drive assembly of group all includes third reel 16, and two third reels 16 set up respectively on output shaft 801 and dwang 901, and the cover is equipped with third stay cord 161 on every third reel 16, and the one end that third reel 16 was kept away from to third stay cord 161 is connected with stretch cord 162, and stretch cord 162 links to each other with fixed plate 131 is fixed.
Specifically, when the output shaft 801 and the rotating rod 901 rotate, the third reels 16 on the upper and lower sides rotate synchronously, so that the third reel 16 on the output shaft 801 winds the third pull rope 161, the third pull rope 161 pulls the lower fixing plate 131 through the elastic rope 162, so that the gas collecting hood 13 connected with the lower fixing plate 131 moves upwards, and when the third reel 16 on the rotating rod 901 winds the third pull rope 161, the upper fixing plate 131 is pulled through the elastic rope 162, the upper gas collecting hood 13 moves downwards, the two gas collecting hoods 13 close to each other abut against each other and surround to form a gas collecting cavity, at this time, the door panel 5 is not completely moved out of the opening 4, along with the continuous operation of the driving motor 8, the abutted gas collecting hood 13 does not move any more, the elastic rope 162 is stretched, after the door panel 5 moves upwards and completely enters the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove 7, the opening 4 is opened, a worker can inspect and maintain the internal electrical equipment, at this time, the airflow generated by the heat dissipation fan 3 is blocked by the gas collecting cavity and enters the sealed groove 14 through the threaded hose 141 and the air flow hole 6, and the dust can be prevented from entering the box 1, and the dust can be prevented from entering the box from entering the interior and being accumulated on the external dust injection box 1 for a long time.
Example 6:
referring to fig. 7 and 11, an intelligent substation is similar to embodiment 5, and further, the door panel 5 is provided with shielding pieces 15 uniformly distributed, and the shielding pieces 15 are slidably connected in the opening 4.
Specifically, when door plant 5 was not opened, shelter from piece 15 and can shelter from dustproof hole 6, avoid external dust to get into the internal portion of cabinet along the cell body, open the back when door plant 5, shelter from piece 15 and remove along with door plant 5 removes, can not block dustproof hole 6 again, and the air current that radiator fan 3 produced passes through dustproof hole 6 and discharges, effectively avoids external dust to get into the cabinet body.
Example 7:
referring to fig. 2, 3, 4, and 10, an intelligent substation is the same as embodiment 6, further, the cooling fan 3 includes a support frame 301, the support frame 301 is fixedly disposed in the mounting groove 2, a cooling motor 302 is disposed in the support frame 301, an output end of the cooling motor 302 is connected to a cooling fan blade 303 for cooling, and the gas collecting cavity is used for collecting air flow generated by the cooling fan blade 303.
Specifically, through the operation of control heat dissipation motor 302, make heat dissipation motor 302's output drive heat dissipation flabellum 303 and rotate, and then absorb the outside air and discharge to the internal portion of cabinet, accelerate the air flow of the internal portion of cabinet, change the internal air that rises because of power equipment work temperature of cabinet, avoid the internal portion of cabinet power equipment to appear power failure because of high temperature, when door plant 5 opens, the air current that gas collecting channel 13 produced heat dissipation flabellum 303 is collected, and through threaded hose 141, air guide groove 142 gets into closed tank 14, and spray the air current to opening 4 department through dust hole 6, form the air wall, block 1 external dust of box, avoid long-time dust to get into and pile up on components and parts, lead to the damage of 1 inside electrical equipment of box.
Example 8:
referring to fig. 1 and 12, an intelligent substation is the same as that in embodiment 1, further, a high-voltage power grid is connected to the external of the high-voltage incoming cabinet 101, an energy storage unit 1041 and an inversion unit 1042 are arranged in the energy storage cabinet 104, an energy control system 1043 for controlling the charging and discharging states of the energy storage unit 1041 and detecting the state of the energy storage unit 1041 is further arranged in the energy storage cabinet 104, a central processing unit 105 is arranged in the box 1, the central processing unit 105 is electrically connected with the high-voltage incoming cabinet 101, the transformer cabinet 102, the low-voltage power distribution cabinet 103 and the energy storage cabinet 104, a wireless transmitting antenna 106 is further arranged on the box 1, and the central processing unit 105 is connected with a control center 107 through the wireless transmitting antenna 106.
Specifically, a high-voltage power grid is accessed through a high-voltage incoming line cabinet 101, the high-voltage power grid enters a low-voltage power distribution cabinet 103 after voltage transformation is performed on the high-voltage incoming line cabinet through a transformer of a transformer cabinet 102, and finally, electricity is sent to a user, after the electricity utilization requirements of the user are met, redundant electric energy in the transformer cabinet 102 charges an energy storage unit 1041 through an energy control system 1043 and an inversion unit 1042 in an energy storage cabinet 104, when the energy storage unit 1041 is fully charged, the inversion unit 1042 is disconnected, and the real-time state of the energy storage unit 1041 is detected, the energy storage unit 1041 is used for storing and providing the electric energy, specifically in this embodiment, the energy storage unit 1041 is an energy storage power supply commonly used in the market, specifically, the energy storage unit 1041 includes but is not limited to a lead-acid battery pack or a lithium battery pack, and the like, and the limitation is not made herein; when the power consumption is high, the central processing unit 105 detects that the transformer power in the transformer cabinet 102 cannot meet the user demand, the energy storage unit 1041 and the inversion unit 1042 are opened by controlling the energy control system 1043, and the discharge is performed to the low-voltage power distribution cabinet 103 to make up for the shortage of the power consumption of the user, meanwhile, all data in the high-voltage incoming line cabinet 101, the transformer cabinet 102, the low-voltage power distribution cabinet 103 and the energy storage cabinet 104 are processed by the central processing unit 105, and then are sent to the wireless transmitting antenna 106, and finally the wireless transmitting antenna 106 transmits the data to the control center 107, so that the intelligent control of the transformer substation is realized.
The invention also discloses a use method of the intelligent transformer substation, which comprises the following steps:
s1: firstly, the door panel 5 needs to be opened, the output end of the driving motor 8 drives the output shaft 801 to rotate by controlling the operation of the driving motor 8, the output shaft 801 drives the first winding drum 802 to rotate when rotating, the first winding drum 802 winds the first pull rope 803 when rotating, the second winding drum 902 on the rotating shaft 901 releases the second pull rope 903, so that the first pull rope 803 drives the door panel 5 to move upwards, the door panel 5 slides in the L-shaped groove 7 through the roller 121, the door panel 5 is formed by movably connecting a plurality of plates, when the door panel 5 moves from the vertical groove of the L-shaped groove 7 to the horizontal groove of the L-shaped groove 7, the plates deflect, so that the door panel 5 enters the horizontal groove of the L-shaped groove 7 and continues to slide, and the shielding piece 15 synchronously moves upwards when the door panel 5 moves upwards, and does not shield the dustproof hole 6 any more;
s2: when the output shaft 801 and the rotating rod 901 rotate, the third winding drums 16 on the upper and lower sides synchronously rotate, so that the third winding drum 16 on the output shaft 801 winds the third pull rope 161, the third pull rope 161 pulls the fixing plate 131 on the lower side through the elastic rope 162, the gas collecting channel 13 connected with the fixing plate 131 on the lower side moves upwards, when the third pull rope 161 is wound by the third winding drum 16 on the rotating rod 901, the fixing plate 131 on the upper side is pulled through the elastic rope 162, the gas collecting channel 13 on the upper side moves downwards, the two gas collecting channels 13 close to each other abut against each other and surround to form a gas collecting cavity, at this time, the door panel 5 is not completely moved out of the opening 4, and along with the continuous operation of the driving motor 8, the gas collecting channel 13 after abutting against each other does not move any more, and the elastic rope 162 is stretched;
s3: after the door panel 5 moves upwards and enters the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove 7, the opening 4 is opened, a worker can check and maintain the internal electrical equipment, at the moment, the airflow generated by the cooling fan 3 is blocked by the air collecting cavity, enters the closed groove 14 through the threaded hose 141 and the air guide groove 142, and sprays airflow to the opening 4 through the dustproof hole 6 to form an air wall to block dust outside the box body 1;
s4: after the staff overhauls and accomplishes, the operation of control driving motor 8 once more makes driving motor 8 reversal, and driving motor 8's output drives output shaft 801 reversal, and first reel 802 no longer carries out the rolling but release to first stay cord 803, and second reel 902 on the dwang 901 carries out the rolling to second stay cord 903, through dragging to the door plant 5 lower part, makes door plant 5 seal opening 4 again, accomplishes the maintenance to box 1.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an intelligent transformer substation, includes box (1), its characterized in that, box (1) is including high-pressure incoming line cabinet (101), transformer cabinet (102), low-voltage distribution cabinet (103) and energy storage cabinet (104), energy storage cabinet (104) set up the downside at high-pressure incoming line cabinet (101), transformer cabinet (102), low-voltage distribution cabinet (103) and energy storage cabinet (104), mounting groove (2) have all been seted up in high-pressure incoming line cabinet (101), transformer cabinet (102), low-voltage distribution cabinet (103) and energy storage cabinet (104), be provided with radiator fan (3) in mounting groove (2), mounting groove (2) inner wall is provided with filter screen (201), high-pressure incoming line cabinet (101), transformer cabinet (102), low-voltage distribution cabinet (103) and energy storage cabinet (104) all set up to the cabinet body that one side has opening (4), every the internal door plant (5) that all is used for shutoff opening (4) that are provided with of cabinet, the internal moving mechanism that is used for driving door plant (5) displacement that is provided with of opening (4), the department of opening (4), the internal wind collection mechanism and the wind collection mechanism that is provided with between the wind outlet end links to each other.
2. An intelligent substation according to claim 1, wherein the moving mechanism comprises an L-shaped groove (7) formed in the cabinet body, the door panel (5) is slidably connected in the L-shaped groove (7), a driving motor (8) is arranged in the L-shaped groove (7), an output end of the driving motor (8) is connected with an output shaft (801), a first winding drum (802) is arranged on the outer side of the output shaft (801), a first pull rope (803) is sleeved on the first winding drum (802), and one end, away from the first winding drum (802), of the first pull rope (803) is connected with the top of the door panel (5).
3. An intelligent substation according to claim 2, wherein the moving mechanism further comprises a movable groove (9) formed in the cabinet body, a rotating rod (901) is rotatably connected to the movable groove (9), synchronizing wheels (10) are arranged on the rotating rod (901) and the output shaft (801), a belt (11) is arranged between the two synchronizing wheels (10), a second winding drum (902) is arranged on the rotating rod (901), a second pull rope (903) is sleeved on the second winding drum (902), and one end, away from the second winding drum (902), of the second pull rope (903) is connected with the bottom of the door panel (5).
4. The intelligent substation of claim 3, wherein the door panel (5) comprises a head end plate (501) connected with the first pull rope (803), a tail end plate (503) connected with the second pull rope (903) and a plurality of connecting plates (502) uniformly arranged between the head end plate (501) and the tail end plate (503), the head end plate (501), the connecting plates (502) and the tail end plate (503) are movably connected through a rotating shaft, the head end plate (501), the connecting plates (502) and the tail end plate (503) are respectively provided with a connecting rod (12), the connecting rod (12) is provided with a roller (121), and the roller (121) is movably connected in the L-shaped groove (7).
5. The intelligent substation of claim 3, wherein the wind collecting mechanism comprises two fixing plates (131) which are relatively slidably connected to the inner side of the cabinet body, a sliding block (132) is connected to each fixing plate (131), a sliding groove (133) matched with the sliding block (132) is formed in the inner side of the cabinet body, each fixing plate (131) is provided with a gas collecting hood (13), two gas collecting hoods (13) are movably abutted and form a gas collecting cavity after being abutted, one gas collecting hood (13) is externally connected with a threaded hose (141), the wind collecting mechanism further comprises a closed groove (14) which is formed in the cabinet body, a gas guide groove (142) which is used for communicating the threaded hose (141) with the closed groove (14) is formed in the cabinet body, the closed groove (14) is formed in the opening (4), and the dustproof hole (6) is communicated with the closed groove (14).
6. An intelligent substation according to claim 3, characterized in that the door panel (5) is provided with evenly distributed shielding sheets (15), and the shielding sheets (15) are slidably connected in the opening (4).
7. An intelligent substation according to claim 3, wherein two sets of driving assemblies are provided, each set of driving assemblies comprises a third winding drum (16), the two third winding drums (16) are respectively arranged on the output shaft (801) and the rotating rod (901), a third pull rope (161) is sleeved on each third winding drum (16), one end of each third pull rope (161), far away from the third winding drum (16), is connected with the elastic rope (162), and the elastic rope (162) is fixedly connected with the fixing plate (131).
8. The intelligent substation according to claim 5, wherein the cooling fan (3) comprises a support frame (301), the support frame (301) is fixedly arranged in the mounting groove (2), a cooling motor (302) is arranged in the support frame (301), an output end of the cooling motor (302) is connected with a cooling fan blade (303) for cooling, and the gas collection cavity is used for collecting airflow generated by the cooling fan blade (303).
9. The intelligent substation according to claim 1, wherein a high-voltage power grid is externally connected to the high-voltage incoming cabinet (101), an energy storage unit (1041) and an inversion unit (1042) are arranged in the energy storage cabinet (104), an energy control system (1043) used for controlling the charging and discharging states of the energy storage unit (1041) and detecting the state of the energy storage unit (1041) is further arranged in the energy storage cabinet (104), a central processing unit (105) is arranged in the box body (1), the central processing unit (105) is electrically connected with the high-voltage incoming cabinet (101), the transformer cabinet (102), the low-voltage power distribution cabinet (103) and the energy storage cabinet (104), a wireless transmitting antenna (106) is further arranged on the box body (1), and the central processing unit (105) is connected with a control center (107) through the wireless transmitting antenna (106).
10. Use of an intelligent substation according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
s1: the door plate (5) is required to be opened, the operation of the driving motor (8) is controlled, the output end of the driving motor (8) drives the output shaft (801) to rotate, the output shaft (801) drives the first reel (802) to rotate when rotating, the first reel (802) winds the first pull rope (803) when rotating, the second reel (902) on the rotating rod (901) releases the second pull rope (903), the first pull rope (803) drives the door plate (5) to move upwards, the door plate (5) slides in the L-shaped groove (7) through the roller (121), the door plate (5) is composed of a plurality of plates in movable connection, when the door plate (5) moves from the vertical groove of the L-shaped groove (7) to the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove (7), the plates deflect, the door plate (5) enters the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove (7) and continues to slide, and the shielding plate (15) synchronously moves upwards when the door plate (5) moves upwards, so that the dustproof hole (6) is not shielded any more;
s2: when the output shaft (801) and the rotating rod (901) rotate, the third winding drums (16) on the upper side and the lower side synchronously rotate, so that the third winding drum (16) on the output shaft (801) winds the third pull rope (161), the third pull rope (161) pulls the fixing plate (131) on the lower side through the elastic rope (162), so that the gas collecting hood (13) connected with the fixing plate (131) on the lower side moves upwards, the third winding drum (16) on the rotating rod (901) pulls the fixing plate (131) on the upper side through the elastic rope (162) when winding the third pull rope (161), the gas collecting hood (13) on the upper side moves downwards, the two gas collecting hoods (13) close to each other abut against and enclose to form a gas collecting cavity, at the moment, the door panel (5) does not completely move out of the opening (4), the abutted gas collecting hoods (13) do not move any more along with the continuous operation of the driving motor (8), and the elastic rope (162) is stretched;
s3: after the door plate (5) moves upwards and enters the transverse groove of the L-shaped groove (7), the opening (4) is opened, a worker can check and maintain the internal electrical equipment, at the moment, airflow generated by the cooling fan (3) is blocked by the air collecting cavity, enters the closed groove (14) through the threaded hose (141) and the air guide groove (142), and sprays airflow to the opening (4) through the dustproof hole (6) to form an air wall to block dust outside the box body (1);
s4: after the staff overhauls and accomplishes, control driving motor (8) operation once more, make driving motor (8) reversal, the output of driving motor (8) drives output shaft (801) reversal, first reel (802) no longer carry out the rolling but release to first stay cord (803), second reel (902) on dwang (901) carry out the rolling to second stay cord (903), through dragging to door plant (5) lower part, make door plant (5) seal opening (4) again, accomplish the maintenance to box (1).
CN202210935821.9A 2022-08-05 2022-08-05 Intelligent transformer substation and use method thereof Active CN115021115B (en)

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CN115332961B (en) * 2022-10-13 2023-03-24 保定富阳电力科技有限公司 Low-voltage distribution cabinet convenient to intelligent management
CN115912077B (en) * 2022-10-25 2023-12-26 江苏伟正电气科技有限公司 Ammeter case with automatic protection opens door

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JPH04145812A (en) * 1990-10-03 1992-05-19 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Door device for box type switchboard
CN210898145U (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-06-30 湖北鄂电大全电气设备制造有限公司 Box-type substation
CN211743838U (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-10-23 泸州天灵开关有限公司 Modular dustproof novel pre-installation intelligence case becomes
CN212518151U (en) * 2020-06-29 2021-02-09 江苏中驰电力设备有限公司 Prefabricated substation convenient to equipment
CN216145961U (en) * 2021-08-13 2022-03-29 国网安徽省电力有限公司芜湖供电公司 Outdoor box switching station's book sliding door
CN216959081U (en) * 2021-12-17 2022-07-12 江苏安靠智能输电工程科技股份有限公司 Box-type substation

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