CN114811496B - Solar LED street lamp based on high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit - Google Patents

Solar LED street lamp based on high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114811496B
CN114811496B CN202210253268.0A CN202210253268A CN114811496B CN 114811496 B CN114811496 B CN 114811496B CN 202210253268 A CN202210253268 A CN 202210253268A CN 114811496 B CN114811496 B CN 114811496B
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China
Prior art keywords
shaped
movable
solar
plate
strip
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CN202210253268.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114811496A (en
Inventor
刘伟
胡磊
陆明
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Jiangsu Province Fly Lighting Manufacturing Co ltd
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Jiangsu Province Fly Lighting Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN202210253268.0A priority Critical patent/CN114811496B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • F21S9/035Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light the solar unit being integrated within the support for the lighting unit, e.g. within or on a pole
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/003Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electronics drivers or controllers for operating the light source, e.g. for a LED array
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • H02S30/20Collapsible or foldable PV modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/103Outdoor lighting of streets or roads
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The application discloses a solar LED street lamp based on a high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit, which comprises a lamp post, a storage battery, a controller, a wireless communication unit, a lamp holder bracket, an LED lamp holder and a photovoltaic power generation unit, wherein the lamp post comprises a front plate, a back plate and two side plates, a strip-shaped fixing seat is fixed at the front plate, the photovoltaic power generation unit comprises a first solar cell panel and two second solar cell panels, the second solar cell panels can rotate relative to the first solar cell panel, the top end of the first solar cell panel is hinged with the strip-shaped fixing seat through an elastic reset hinge component, and when no external force exists, an included angle formed between the first solar cell panel and the front plate is 30-80 degrees. The street lamp provided by the application can realize the folding and unfolding of the solar cell panel, so that the efficient power generation effect is obtained, and the protection of the solar cell panel is realized.

Description

Solar LED street lamp based on high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of illumination, in particular to a solar LED street lamp based on a high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit.
Background
Carbon neutralization (carbon neutrality), energy saving and emission reduction term. Carbon neutralization refers to the total emission amount of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gases generated by countries, enterprises, products, activities or individuals directly or indirectly in a certain time, and the carbon dioxide or greenhouse gases generated by the countries, enterprises, products, activities or individuals are counteracted by modes of tree planting, energy conservation, emission reduction and the like, so that positive and negative counteraction is realized, and the relative zero emission is achieved. With the development of new energy technology and battery technology in carbon, the existing street lamps, especially the street lamps far away from the city center, mostly adopt the solar power generation and storage battery energy storage modes to realize self-power generation and self-function. However, since the existing solar panels have limited power generation capacity per unit area, when the solar panels are used for lighting with a large function, the solar panels with a large area are often required to be arranged, but the solar panels with a large area often mean a larger windward area, so that the solar panels are easy to damage when the solar panels are exposed to strong wind, particularly in the night, the unfolded solar panels cannot generate power, bear wind force, and the problems of weak connection and the like easily occur when the solar panels are used for a long time.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to: based on the requirement of solar panel power generation and the requirement of solar panel protection, the application provides a solar LED street lamp based on a high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit.
The technical scheme is as follows: the utility model provides a solar energy LED street lamp based on collapsible power generation unit of high-efficient electricity generation, includes that the cross-section is hollow lamp pole, battery, controller, wireless communication unit, installs in the lamp holder support of lamp pole department, installs in the LED lamp holder of lamp holder support department and installs in the photovoltaic power generation unit of lamp pole department, the lamp pole includes front bezel, backplate and two curb plates, front bezel department is fixed with the bar fixing base, the photovoltaic power generation unit includes first solar cell panel and is located two second solar cell panels of first solar cell panel both sides, the second solar cell panel can rotate for first solar cell panel, first solar cell panel's top through elasticity reset hinge with the bar fixing base is articulated, when no external force, first solar cell panel with the contained angle that is between the front bezel is between 30-80 degrees.
Preferably, the storage battery is arranged in the lamp post, and the storage battery is a lithium battery; the wireless communication unit is a 4G wireless communication unit or a 5G wireless communication unit.
The 4G/5G communication module provides a good signal transmission effect for the street lamp. And the storage battery is arranged in the hollow lamp post, so that a certain protection can be provided for the storage battery.
Preferably, the first solar panel is provided with a first connecting seat, the second solar panel is provided with a second connecting seat, the first connecting seat and the second connecting seat are hinged through an elastic reset hinge component, and when no external force exists, the first solar panel and the two second solar panels are positioned on the same plane.
Therefore, under the condition of no external force, the first solar cell panel and the second solar cell panel are positioned on the same plane, and the first solar cell panel and the lamp post form a certain angle, so that a good light receiving and power generation effect is realized.
Preferably, an upper mounting plate and a lower mounting plate are connected between the two side plates, a driving motor is mounted at the upper mounting plate, a bearing is mounted at the lower mounting plate, a screw rod is connected between the driving motor and the bearing, the screw rod penetrates through a U-shaped movable frame, the U-shaped movable frame comprises a movable vertical plate, a top connecting plate fixed at the top end of the movable vertical plate and a bottom connecting plate fixed at the bottom end of the movable vertical plate, the top connecting plate and the bottom connecting plate are respectively provided with a through hole penetrated by the screw rod, a lifting slide block is fixed at the movable vertical plate, the lifting slide block is provided with a threaded hole matched with the screw rod, a vertical slide rail is arranged at the inner side of the front plate, the top connecting plate and the bottom connecting plate are respectively provided with a slide groove matched with the vertical slide rail, an upper inserting plate is connected at the top connecting plate, and a lower inserting plate is connected at the bottom connecting plate; the back of the first solar cell panel is provided with a first arc-shaped plugboard, the first arc-shaped plugboard is provided with a first jack and a second jack, two sides of the first arc-shaped plugboard are fixedly provided with side limiting blocks, and the front plate is provided with a first through hole which is inserted by the first arc-shaped plugboard; when the upper plugboard is inserted into the first jack, the first solar panel is parallel to the front panel; when the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front panel is 30-80 degrees.
Preferably, the solar cell panel further comprises a pull rope, wherein a fixing ring is fixed at the second solar cell panel, side holes are formed in the side plates, two ends of the pull rope are respectively and fixedly connected with the fixing rings at the two second solar cell panels, and the pull rope passes through the side holes at the two side plates; the bottom connecting plate is fixedly connected with a bottom movable block through a connecting vertical plate, a guide rod is arranged at the bottom movable block, the guide rod penetrates through a movable seat positioned above the bottom movable block, an inverted U-shaped pulley frame is fixed at the movable seat, a tensioning buffer spring is connected between the movable seat and the bottom movable block, and a plurality of movable pulleys are connected at the inverted U-shaped pulley frame; a strip pulley frame is arranged between the two side plates, a plurality of fixed pulleys are arranged at the strip pulley frame, one more movable pulley than the fixed pulleys, and the pull rope passes through the plurality of movable pulleys and the plurality of fixed pulleys alternately in sequence;
the back of the first solar panel is fixed with a first strip-shaped mounting seat, and the back of the second solar panel is fixed with a second strip-shaped mounting seat; the solar cell panel comprises a first strip-shaped mounting seat, a second strip-shaped mounting seat, a limiting inserting rod, a reset spring, a connecting hole, a movable abutting block and a movable inserting block, wherein the first strip-shaped mounting seat is provided with a strip-shaped groove, the limiting inserting rod is fixed in the strip-shaped groove, the limiting inserting rod is inserted at two sides of the limiting inserting rod, the reset spring is arranged between the dead block and the limiting inserting rod, the two ends of the first strip-shaped mounting seat are respectively provided with a connecting hole communicated with the strip-shaped groove, the dead block is provided with the movable abutting block and the movable inserting block fixedly connected with the movable abutting block, the movable abutting block is provided with an abutting groove, the abutting groove is provided with an abutting inclined plane, and the end part, close to the first strip-shaped mounting seat, of the second strip-shaped mounting seat is provided with a limiting inserting hole;
the front plate department has logical groove, and the inboard of two curb plates all has horizontal slide rail, is connected with horizontal slider between two horizontal slide rails, horizontal slider department is fixed with cylindrical butt piece and two butt straight-bars, the butt straight-bar can the butt inclined plane, it is fixed with the bar butt piece to connect riser department, the bar butt piece has the butt plane and is located the butt cambered surface that butt plane below and butt plane are connected, the bar butt piece can the butt horizontal slider drive the butt straight-bar butt drive of horizontal slider department the movable butt piece moves to the direction that is close to the division board, makes the movable plug is followed spacing jack draws.
Preferably, the end part of the abutting straight rod is hemispherical, and a limit stop is fixed at the end part of the horizontal sliding rail.
The hemispherical end can obtain a better smooth abutting effect, and the limit stop can prevent the horizontal sliding block from falling off.
Preferably, the top end of the guide rod is provided with a top end stop, and the number of the tensioning buffer springs is more than or equal to 4; the number of the vertical sliding rails is two.
The top stop block can limit the movable seat.
Preferably, the solar LED street lamp is capable of being in a folded state, a first intermediate state, a second intermediate state, a third intermediate state and an unfolded state, in the folded state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a first height, the upper plugboard is inserted into a first jack of the first arc plugboard, two second solar panels are perpendicular to the first solar panel, the first solar panel is parallel to the front panel, and two movable plugboards are not inserted into limit jacks of the second strip-shaped mounting seat;
in the first intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a second height, the upper inserting plate is inserted into a first inserting hole of the first arc-shaped inserting plate, two second solar panels are both positioned on the same plane with the first solar panel, the first solar panel is parallel to the front plate, and two movable inserting blocks are not inserted into limiting inserting holes of the second strip-shaped mounting seat;
in the second intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a third height, the upper inserting plate is inserted into a first inserting hole of the first arc-shaped inserting plate, the two second solar panels are both positioned on the same plane with the first solar panel, the first solar panel is parallel to the front plate, and the two movable inserting blocks are respectively inserted into limiting inserting holes of the two second strip-shaped installing seats;
in the third intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a fourth height, the first arc-shaped plugboard is positioned between the bottom end of the upper plugboard and the top end of the lower plugboard, the two second solar panels are all in the same plane with the first solar panels, and the two movable plugblocks are respectively inserted into the limiting plugholes of the two second strip-shaped installation seats;
in the unfolding state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a fifth height, the lower inserting plate is inserted into the second inserting holes of the first arc-shaped inserting plate, the two second solar panels are in the same plane with the first solar panel, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front plate is 30-80 degrees, and the two movable inserting blocks are respectively inserted into the limiting inserting holes of the two second strip-shaped mounting seats;
the first height, the second height, the third height, the fourth height and the fifth height become larger in order.
Preferably, the back of the first solar panel is also provided with a second arc-shaped plugboard, the front panel is provided with a second through hole which is inserted by the second arc-shaped plugboard, and the second arc-shaped plugboard is provided with a third plughole and a fourth plughole; when the upper plugboard is inserted into the first jack and the third jack, the first solar panel is parallel to the front panel; when the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole and the fourth plughole, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front panel is 30-80 degrees.
Preferably, when the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole and the fourth plughole, an included angle between the first solar panel and the front panel is 70 degrees; the number of the movable pulleys is 4, and the number of the fixed pulleys is 3.
The appropriate angle can be selected according to the latitude of each place, and the number of fixed pulleys and movable pulleys can also be selected according to the installation requirement.
Preferably, when the side limiting block abuts against the inner side surface of the front plate, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front plate is 30-80 degrees, preferably 70 degrees.
Preferably, in the folded state, the upper board is inserted into the first insertion hole of the first arc board and the third insertion hole of the second arc board; in the first intermediate state, the upper plugboard is inserted into a first plughole of the first arc plugboard and a third plughole of the second arc plugboard; in the second intermediate state, the upper plugboard is inserted into a first plughole of the first arc plugboard and a third plughole of the second arc plugboard; in the third intermediate state, the first arc-shaped plugboard and the second arc-shaped plugboard are both positioned between the bottom end of the upper plugboard and the top end of the lower plugboard; in the unfolded state, the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole of the first arc plugboard and the fourth plughole of the second arc plugboard.
Preferably, both sides of each side hole have arc chamfers.
Thereby reducing wear of the pull cord.
Preferably, the fixing ring is a semicircular ring.
Preferably, the strip-shaped abutting block is provided with a vertical penetrating channel penetrated by the screw rod. So that the screw rod can pass through the strip-shaped abutting block.
Preferably, the screw is not in contact with the through passage, the perforations of the top connection plate, and the perforations of the bottom connection plate. The screw rod is matched with the threaded hole of the lifting sliding block to realize the up-and-down movement of the U-shaped movable frame.
The beneficial effects are that: compared with a common solar LED street lamp, the street lamp provided by the application has the following advantages:
1) According to the solar LED street lamp, the first solar panel and the second solar panel are arranged, so that the solar panel with a large area is installed, and the high power generation efficiency is realized.
2) When the first solar cell panel and the second solar cell panel do not need to generate electricity, the folding function can be realized, so that the protection of the solar cell panels is realized.
3) The folding of the solar cell panel can be realized by only one driving mechanism, so that the power driving mechanism is simpler in requirement and simpler and more convenient to drive.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a street lamp in a folded state at a first view angle;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the street lamp in a folded state at a second view angle;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the street lamp in a first intermediate state;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the street lamp in a second intermediate state;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the street lamp in a third intermediate state;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a street lamp in an unfolded state;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a street lamp component in a disassembled first view;
fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a street lamp component in a disassembled second view.
In fig. 2-8, the back plate of the light pole is not shown for clarity of illustration.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present application will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the application without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the application.
Reference numerals: 1, a lamp post; 1.1 front plate; 1.1.1 bar-shaped fixing seat; 1.1.2 through grooves; 1.1.3 vertical sliding rails; 1.2 side plates; 1.2.1 side holes; 2 a first solar panel; 2.1 driving a motor; 2.2 screw rods; 2.3U-shaped movable frames; 2.3.1 inserting boards; 2.3.2 lower plugboards; 2.3.3 moving risers; 2.3.4 lifting slide blocks; 2.3.5 connecting risers; 2.3.6 strip-shaped abutment blocks; 2.3.6.1 against a flat surface; 2.3.6.2 abutting cambered surfaces; 2.3.7 bottom movable block; 2.3.8 tensioning the buffer spring; 2.3.9 guide bar; 2.3.10 movable seat; 2.3.11 inverted U-shaped pulley yoke; 2.3.12 movable pulleys; 2.3.13 bar-shaped pulley yoke; 2.3.14 fixed pulleys; 3 a second solar panel; 3.1 a fixing ring; 3.2 The second strip-shaped mounting seat; 3.3 a second connection base; 3.4 a first connection base; 4.1 a first arc-shaped plugboard; 4.2 side limiting blocks; 4.3 a first strip-shaped mounting seat; 4.4 dividing plates; 4.5 limiting inserted bars; 4.6 return springs; 4.7, a movable abutting block; 4.8 abutting the inclined plane; 4.9 movable plug blocks; 4.10 a second arc-shaped plugboard; 5.1 horizontal sliding rails; 5.2 A limit stop; 5.3 horizontal sliders; 5.4 abutting against the straight rod; 5.5 cylindrical abutment blocks; 6, pulling ropes.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the solar LED street lamp of the present application is specifically described: the utility model provides a solar energy LED street lamp based on collapsible power generation unit of high-efficient electricity generation, is cavity lamp pole 1, battery, controller, wireless communication unit, installs in lamp pole 1 department lamp holder support, install in lamp holder support department LED lamp holder and install in the photovoltaic power generation unit of lamp pole department, the lamp pole includes front bezel 1.1, backplate and two curb plates 1.2, front bezel 1.1 department is fixed with bar fixing base 1.1.1, photovoltaic power generation unit includes first solar cell panel 2 and is located two second solar cell panels 3 of first solar cell panel 2 both sides, second solar cell panel 3 can rotate for first solar cell panel 2, the top of first solar cell panel 2 through elasticity reset hinge part with bar fixing base 1.1.1, when no external force, first solar cell panel 2 with be between front bezel 1.1 and be the contained angle that is between 30-80 degrees.
The storage battery is arranged in the lamp post and is a lithium battery; the wireless communication unit is a 4G wireless communication unit or a 5G wireless communication unit. The first solar panel 2 is provided with a first connecting seat 3.4, the second solar panel 3 is provided with a second connecting seat 3.3, the first connecting seat 3.4 and the second connecting seat 3.3 are hinged through an elastic reset hinge component, and when no external force exists, the first solar panel 2 and the two second solar panels 3 are positioned on the same plane.
An upper mounting plate and a lower mounting plate are connected between the two side plates 1.2, a driving motor 2.1 is mounted at the upper mounting plate, a bearing is mounted at the lower mounting plate, a screw rod 2.2 is connected between the driving motor 2.1 and the bearing, the screw rod 2.2 penetrates through a U-shaped movable frame 2.3, the U-shaped movable frame 2.3 comprises a movable vertical plate 2.3.3, a top connecting plate fixed at the top 2.3.3 end of the movable vertical plate and a bottom connecting plate fixed at the bottom 2.3.3, the top connecting plate and the bottom connecting plate are both provided with a through hole penetrated by the screw rod 2.2, a lifting slide block 2.3.4 is fixed at the movable vertical plate 2.3.3, the lifting slide block 2.3.4 is provided with a threaded hole matched with the screw rod 2.2, the inner side of the front plate 1.1 is provided with a vertical slide rail 1.1.3, the top connecting plate and the bottom connecting plate are both provided with a slide groove matched with the vertical slide rail 1.1.3, and the top connecting plate is connected with a plugboard 2.3.2.3; the back of the first solar cell panel 2 is provided with a first arc-shaped plugboard 4.1, the first arc-shaped plugboard 4.1 is provided with a first jack and a second jack, two sides of the first arc-shaped plugboard 4.1 are fixedly provided with side limiting blocks 4.2, and a first through hole inserted by the first arc-shaped plugboard 4.1 is formed in the front plate 1.1; when the upper plugboard is inserted into the first jack, the first solar panel is parallel to the front panel; when the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front panel is 30-80 degrees.
In addition, the solar LED street lamp further comprises a pull rope 6, a fixed ring 3.1 is fixed at the second solar panel 3, side holes 1.2.1 are further formed at the side plates 1.2, two ends of the pull rope 6 are respectively and fixedly connected with the fixed rings 3.1 at the two second solar panels 3, and the pull rope 6 passes through the side holes 1.2.1 at the two side plates 1.2; the bottom connecting plate is fixedly connected with a bottom movable block 2.3.7 through a connecting vertical plate 2.3.5, a guide rod 2.3.9 is arranged at the bottom movable block 2.3.7, the guide rod 2.3.9 penetrates through a movable seat 2.3.10 positioned above the bottom movable block 2.3.7, an inverted U-shaped pulley yoke 2.3.11 is fixed at the movable seat 2.3.10, a tensioning buffer spring 2.3.8 is connected between the movable seat 2.3.10 and the bottom movable block 2.3.7, and a plurality of movable pulleys 2.3.12 are connected at the inverted U-shaped pulley yoke 2.3.11; a bar-shaped pulley frame 2.3.13 is arranged between the two side plates 1.2, a plurality of fixed pulleys 2.3.14 are arranged at the bar-shaped pulley frame 2.3.13, one more movable pulley 2.3.12 than the fixed pulleys 2.3.14, and the pull rope 6 sequentially and alternately passes through the plurality of movable pulleys 2.3.12 and the plurality of fixed pulleys 2.3.14; a first strip-shaped mounting seat 4.3 is fixed on the back surface of the first solar panel 2, and a second strip-shaped mounting seat 3.2 is fixed on the back surface of the second solar panel 3; the first strip-shaped mounting seat 4.3 is provided with a strip-shaped groove, a partition plate 4.4 is fixed in the strip-shaped groove, limiting inserting rods 4.5 are fixed on two sides of the partition plate 4.4, a locking block is inserted at the position of the limiting inserting rods 4.5, a return spring 4.6 is arranged between the locking block and the partition plate 4.5, two ends of the first strip-shaped mounting seat 4.3 are respectively provided with a communication hole communicated with the strip-shaped groove, the locking block is provided with a movable abutting block 4.7 and a movable inserting block 4.9 fixedly connected with the movable abutting block, the movable abutting block 4.7 is provided with an abutting groove, the abutting groove is provided with an abutting inclined plane 4.8, and when the movable inserting block 4.9 passes through the communication holes and is inserted into the limiting inserting holes, the first solar cell panel 2 and the second solar cell panel 3 are positioned on the same plane; the front plate 1.1 is provided with a through groove 1.1.2, the inner sides of the two side plates 1.2 are respectively provided with a horizontal sliding rail 5.1, a horizontal sliding block 5.3 is connected between the two horizontal sliding rails 5.1, a cylindrical abutting block 5.5 and two abutting straight rods 5.4 are fixed at the position of the horizontal sliding block 5.3, a strip abutting block 2.3.6 is fixed at the position of the connecting vertical plate 2.3.5, the strip abutting block 2.3.6 is provided with an abutting plane 2.3.6.1 and an abutting cambered surface 2.3.6.2 which is positioned below the abutting plane 2.3.6.1 and connected with the abutting plane 2.3.6.1, the strip abutting block 2.3.6 can abut against the horizontal sliding block 5.3 to drive the abutting straight rods 5.4 at the position of the horizontal sliding block 5.3 to abut against and drive the movable abutting block 4.7 to move towards the direction close to the partition plate 4.4, so that the movable inserting block 4.9 is pulled out from the limiting jack.
The end part of the abutting straight rod 5.4 is hemispherical, and a limit stop 5.2 is fixed at the end part of the horizontal sliding rail 5.1. The top end of the guide rod 2.3.9 is provided with a top end stop, and the number of the tensioning buffer springs 2.3.8 is more than or equal to 4; there are two vertical slide rails 1.1.3. The solar LED street lamp can be in a folding state, a first middle state, a second middle state, a third middle state and an unfolding state, in the folding state, the U-shaped movable frame 2.3 is at a first height, the upper inserting plate 2.3.1 is inserted into a first inserting hole of the first arc inserting plate 4.1, the two second solar panels 3 are perpendicular to the first solar panels 2, the first solar panels 2 are parallel to the front plate 1.1, and the two movable inserting blocks 4.9 are not inserted into limiting inserting holes of the second strip-shaped mounting seat 3.3; in the first intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame 2.3 is at a second height, the upper plugboard 2.3.1 is inserted into the first jack of the first arc plugboard 4.1, the two second solar panels 3 are both in the same plane with the first solar panel 2, the first solar panel 2 is parallel to the front panel 1.1, and the two movable plugboards 4.9 are not inserted into the limiting jacks of the second strip-shaped mounting seat 3.2; in the second intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame 2.3 is at a third height, the upper plugboard 2.3.1 is inserted into the first plughole of the first arc plugboard 4.1, the two second solar panels 3 are in the same plane with the first solar panel 2, the first solar panel 2 is parallel to the front panel 1.1, and the two movable plugboards 4.9 are respectively inserted into the limiting plugholes of the two second strip-shaped mounting seats 3.2; in the third intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame 2.3 is at a fourth height, the first arc-shaped plugboard 4.1 is located between the bottom end of the upper plugboard 2.3.1 and the top end of the lower plugboard 2.3.2, the two second solar panels 3 are all in the same plane with the first solar panel 2, and the two movable plugboards 4.9 are respectively inserted into the limiting plugholes of the two second strip-shaped installation seats 3.2; in the unfolding state, the U-shaped movable frame 2.3 is at a fifth height, the lower inserting plate is inserted into the second inserting holes of the first arc inserting plate, the two second solar panels 3 are all on the same plane with the first solar panel 2, an included angle formed between the first solar panel 2 and the front panel 1.1 is 30-80 degrees, and the two movable inserting blocks 4.9 are respectively inserted into the limiting inserting holes of the two second strip-shaped mounting seats 3.2; the first height, the second height, the third height, the fourth height and the fifth height become larger in order.
The back of the first solar panel 2 is also provided with a second arc-shaped plugboard 4.10, the front panel 1.1 is provided with a second through hole which is inserted by the second arc-shaped plugboard 4.10, and the second arc-shaped plugboard 4.10 is provided with a third jack and a fourth jack; when the upper plugboard is inserted into the first jack and the third jack, the first solar panel is parallel to the front panel; when the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole and the fourth plughole, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front panel is 30-80 degrees. When the lower plugboard is inserted into the second jack and the fourth jack, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front panel is 70 degrees; the number of the movable pulleys 2.3.12 is 4, and the number of the fixed pulleys 2.3.14 is 3.
As shown in the figure, in the street lamp of the application, as shown in figures 1-2, the first solar cell panel and the second solar cell panel are in a folded state, and at the moment, the upper plugboard is inserted into the first plughole of the first arc plugboard, so that the first solar cell panel is firmly fixed to be parallel to the lamp post. And under the pulling force of the pull rope, the two second solar panels are also attached to the lamp post and are parallel to the lamp post. Therefore, the solar panel has the strongest wind receiving capacity as a whole and is not easy to be damaged by strong wind.
Then, as shown in fig. 3, the driving motor drives the U-shaped movable frame to move upwards, at this time, the upper plugboard is still inserted into the first jack of the first arc plugboard, the first solar panel is still parallel to the lamp pole, and the cylindrical abutting block is still abutted with the abutting plane of the strip-shaped abutting block, so that the two movable plugboards are still in a contracted state, and are not inserted into the limiting jack of the second strip-shaped mounting seat, but due to upward movement of the movable pulleys (the pull ropes between the fixed pulleys and the movable pulleys are shortened), the two second solar panels are unfolded to be in the same plane with the first solar cell under the action of the elastic reset hinge component by the extended pull ropes.
Then, as shown in fig. 4, the U-shaped movable frame is driven to move upwards, at this time, the upper plugboard is still inserted into the first plughole of the first arc plugboard, the first solar panel is still parallel to the lamp pole, but the abutting plane of the strip-shaped abutting block is separated from the cylindrical abutting block, so that the horizontal sliding block moves backwards, and the two movable plugboards are respectively inserted into the limiting plugholes of the two second strip-shaped installation seats (so that the angle between the first solar panel and the two second solar panels is completely locked). In the transition of fig. 3-4, the U-shaped movable frame only moves a small distance upwards, but at this time, the distance between the inverted U-shaped pulley frame and the bar pulley frame is slightly reduced, if the tensioning buffer spring is not provided, the pull rope can be loosened, but because the tensioning buffer spring is used, the length of the tensioning buffer spring can be changed, so that the pull rope is always kept tight, the whole control is smoother, and the situation that the pull rope falls off the pulley due to the loosening of the pull rope is avoided.
Then, as shown in fig. 5, the U-shaped movable frame is driven to move upwards, at this time, the first and second arc-shaped plugboards are located between the upper plugboard and the lower plugboard, so that when the U-shaped movable frame moves upwards, the distance between the two pulley frames is reduced, and the first solar cell panel and the second solar cell panel rotate synchronously until the first solar cell panel and the second solar cell panel rotate to a fully unfolded state, and at this time, the two side limiting blocks are abutted against the inner sides of the front plate.
And then, as shown in fig. 6, the U-shaped movable frame continues to move upwards, so that the lower inserting plate is inserted into the second inserting hole of the first arc-shaped inserting plate, and the angle of the first solar cell panel is locked, so that the angle of the solar cell panel is fixed, and normal power generation can be realized.
When the solar panel needs to be folded, the U-shaped movable frame is only required to be moved downwards to the state shown in fig. 1 and 2.
It should be noted that the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising one … …" does not exclude the presence of other like elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
While the application has been shown and described with respect to the preferred embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the scope of the application as defined in the following claims.

Claims (7)

1. The solar LED street lamp is characterized by comprising a hollow lamp post, a storage battery, a controller, a wireless communication unit, a lamp holder support, an LED lamp holder and a photovoltaic power generation unit, wherein the cross section of the hollow lamp post is rectangular, the lamp holder support is arranged at the lamp post, the LED lamp holder is arranged at the lamp holder support, the photovoltaic power generation unit is arranged at the lamp post, the lamp post comprises a front plate, a back plate and two side plates, a strip-shaped fixing seat is fixed at the front plate, the photovoltaic power generation unit comprises a first solar panel and two second solar panels positioned at two sides of the first solar panel, the second solar panel can rotate relative to the first solar panel, the top end of the first solar panel is hinged with the strip-shaped fixing seat through an elastic reset hinge part, and an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front plate is 30-80 degrees when no external force exists; the storage battery is arranged in the lamp post and is a lithium battery; the wireless communication unit is a 4G wireless communication unit or a 5G wireless communication unit; the first solar panel is provided with a first connecting seat, the second solar panel is provided with a second connecting seat, the first connecting seat and the second connecting seat are hinged through an elastic reset hinge component, and when no external force exists, the first solar panel and the two second solar panels are positioned on the same plane; an upper mounting plate and a lower mounting plate are connected between the two side plates, a driving motor is mounted at the upper mounting plate, a bearing is mounted at the lower mounting plate, a screw rod is connected between the driving motor and the bearing, the screw rod penetrates through a U-shaped movable frame, the U-shaped movable frame comprises a movable vertical plate, a top connecting plate fixed at the top end of the movable vertical plate and a bottom connecting plate fixed at the bottom end of the movable vertical plate, the top connecting plate and the bottom connecting plate are provided with through holes penetrated by the screw rod, a lifting sliding block is fixed at the movable vertical plate, the lifting sliding block is provided with threaded holes matched with the screw rod, vertical sliding rails are arranged at the inner side of the front plate, sliding grooves matched with the vertical sliding rails are formed in the top connecting plate and the bottom connecting plate, an upper inserting plate is connected at the top connecting plate, and a lower inserting plate is connected at the bottom connecting plate; the back of the first solar cell panel is provided with a first arc-shaped plugboard, the first arc-shaped plugboard is provided with a first jack and a second jack, two sides of the first arc-shaped plugboard are fixedly provided with side limiting blocks, and the front plate is provided with a first through hole which is inserted by the first arc-shaped plugboard; when the upper plugboard is inserted into the first jack, the first solar panel is parallel to the front panel; when the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front panel is 30-80 degrees.
2. The solar LED street lamp based on the high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit according to claim 1, further comprising a pull rope, wherein a fixed ring is fixed at the second solar cell panel, side holes are further formed at the side plates, two ends of the pull rope are respectively and fixedly connected with the fixed rings at the two second solar cell panels, and the pull rope passes through the side holes at the two side plates; the bottom connecting plate is fixedly connected with a bottom movable block through a connecting vertical plate, a guide rod is arranged at the bottom movable block, the guide rod penetrates through a movable seat positioned above the bottom movable block, an inverted U-shaped pulley frame is fixed at the movable seat, a tensioning buffer spring is connected between the movable seat and the bottom movable block, and a plurality of movable pulleys are connected at the inverted U-shaped pulley frame; a strip pulley frame is arranged between the two side plates, a plurality of fixed pulleys are arranged at the strip pulley frame, one more movable pulley than the fixed pulleys, and the pull rope passes through the plurality of movable pulleys and the plurality of fixed pulleys alternately in sequence;
the back of the first solar panel is fixed with a first strip-shaped mounting seat, and the back of the second solar panel is fixed with a second strip-shaped mounting seat; the solar cell panel comprises a first strip-shaped mounting seat, a second strip-shaped mounting seat, a limiting inserting rod, a reset spring, a connecting hole, a movable abutting block and a movable inserting block, wherein the first strip-shaped mounting seat is provided with a strip-shaped groove, the limiting inserting rod is fixed in the strip-shaped groove, the limiting inserting rod is inserted at two sides of the limiting inserting rod, the reset spring is arranged between the dead block and the limiting inserting rod, the two ends of the first strip-shaped mounting seat are respectively provided with a connecting hole communicated with the strip-shaped groove, the dead block is provided with the movable abutting block and the movable inserting block fixedly connected with the movable abutting block, the movable abutting block is provided with an abutting groove, the abutting groove is provided with an abutting inclined plane, and the end part, close to the first strip-shaped mounting seat, of the second strip-shaped mounting seat is provided with a limiting inserting hole;
the front plate department has logical groove, and the inboard of two curb plates all has horizontal slide rail, is connected with horizontal slider between two horizontal slide rails, horizontal slider department is fixed with cylindrical butt piece and two butt straight-bars, the butt straight-bar can the butt inclined plane, it is fixed with the bar butt piece to connect riser department, the bar butt piece has the butt plane and is located the butt cambered surface that butt plane below and butt plane are connected, the bar butt piece can the butt horizontal slider drive the butt straight-bar butt drive of horizontal slider department the movable butt piece moves to the direction that is close to the division board, makes the movable plug is followed spacing jack draws.
3. The solar energy LED street lamp based on the high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit according to claim 2, wherein the end part of the abutting straight rod is hemispherical, and a limit stop is fixed at the end part of the horizontal sliding rail.
4. The solar LED street lamp based on the high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit according to claim 2, wherein the top end of the guide rod is provided with a top end stop block, and the number of the tensioning buffer springs is more than or equal to 4; the number of the vertical sliding rails is two.
5. The solar energy LED street lamp based on the high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit according to claim 2, wherein the solar energy LED street lamp can be in a folding state, a first middle state, a second middle state, a third middle state and an unfolding state, in the folding state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a first height, the upper inserting plate is inserted into a first inserting hole of the first arc inserting plate, two second solar cell panels are perpendicular to the first solar cell panel, the first solar cell panel is parallel to the front plate, and two movable inserting blocks are not inserted into limiting inserting holes of the second strip-shaped mounting seat;
in the first intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a second height, the upper inserting plate is inserted into a first inserting hole of the first arc-shaped inserting plate, two second solar panels are both positioned on the same plane with the first solar panel, the first solar panel is parallel to the front plate, and two movable inserting blocks are not inserted into limiting inserting holes of the second strip-shaped mounting seat;
in the second intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a third height, the upper inserting plate is inserted into a first inserting hole of the first arc-shaped inserting plate, the two second solar panels are both positioned on the same plane with the first solar panel, the first solar panel is parallel to the front plate, and the two movable inserting blocks are respectively inserted into limiting inserting holes of the two second strip-shaped installing seats;
in the third intermediate state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a fourth height, the first arc-shaped plugboard is positioned between the bottom end of the upper plugboard and the top end of the lower plugboard, the two second solar panels are all in the same plane with the first solar panels, and the two movable plugblocks are respectively inserted into the limiting plugholes of the two second strip-shaped installation seats;
in the unfolding state, the U-shaped movable frame is at a fifth height, the lower inserting plate is inserted into the second inserting holes of the first arc-shaped inserting plate, the two second solar panels are in the same plane with the first solar panel, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front plate is 30-80 degrees, and the two movable inserting blocks are respectively inserted into the limiting inserting holes of the two second strip-shaped mounting seats;
the first height, the second height, the third height, the fourth height and the fifth height become larger in order.
6. The solar LED street lamp based on the efficient power generation foldable power generation unit according to claim 2, wherein the back surface of the first solar cell panel is further provided with a second arc-shaped plugboard, the front plate is provided with a second through hole inserted by the second arc-shaped plugboard, and the second arc-shaped plugboard is provided with a third plughole and a fourth plughole; when the upper plugboard is inserted into the first jack and the third jack, the first solar panel is parallel to the front panel; when the lower plugboard is inserted into the second plughole and the fourth plughole, an included angle formed between the first solar panel and the front panel is 30-80 degrees.
7. The solar LED street lamp based on the efficient power generation foldable power generation unit according to claim 2, wherein an included angle between the first solar cell panel and the front panel is 70 degrees when a lower plug board is inserted into the second plug hole and the fourth plug hole; the number of the movable pulleys is 4, and the number of the fixed pulleys is 3.
CN202210253268.0A 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 Solar LED street lamp based on high-efficiency power generation foldable power generation unit Active CN114811496B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107830488A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-03-23 吕启明 A kind of solar LED street lamp
CN108679552A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-10-19 扬州同略科技发展有限公司 A kind of high efficiency and heat radiation solar LED street lamp
CN111006172A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-04-14 西安思后网络科技有限公司 Automatic folding solar street lamp
CN111023027A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 长沙如洋环保科技有限公司 Lifting type foldable solar LED street lamp
CN211260644U (en) * 2020-02-09 2020-08-14 江西烈日之光新能源有限公司 Solar panel is folding prevents scraping disconnected solar street lamp
CN211574985U (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-09-25 河北龙海鼎越新能源科技有限公司 Windproof solar street lamp
CN111853668A (en) * 2020-07-07 2020-10-30 江苏晨曦照明集团有限公司 Novel solar LED street lamp capable of tracking light and resisting wind
CN113503507A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-10-15 星科电气集团有限公司 Solar energy LED street lamp is used in wisdom city
KR102349899B1 (en) * 2021-07-29 2022-01-12 주식회사 정우디씨 Solar power generation type streetlight

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107830488A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-03-23 吕启明 A kind of solar LED street lamp
CN108679552A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-10-19 扬州同略科技发展有限公司 A kind of high efficiency and heat radiation solar LED street lamp
CN111006172A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-04-14 西安思后网络科技有限公司 Automatic folding solar street lamp
CN111023027A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 长沙如洋环保科技有限公司 Lifting type foldable solar LED street lamp
CN211260644U (en) * 2020-02-09 2020-08-14 江西烈日之光新能源有限公司 Solar panel is folding prevents scraping disconnected solar street lamp
CN211574985U (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-09-25 河北龙海鼎越新能源科技有限公司 Windproof solar street lamp
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CN113503507A (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-10-15 星科电气集团有限公司 Solar energy LED street lamp is used in wisdom city
KR102349899B1 (en) * 2021-07-29 2022-01-12 주식회사 정우디씨 Solar power generation type streetlight

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