CN114809480B - Photovoltaic canopy roof structure and photovoltaic parking shed - Google Patents

Photovoltaic canopy roof structure and photovoltaic parking shed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114809480B
CN114809480B CN202210633926.9A CN202210633926A CN114809480B CN 114809480 B CN114809480 B CN 114809480B CN 202210633926 A CN202210633926 A CN 202210633926A CN 114809480 B CN114809480 B CN 114809480B
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China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic
protrusion
wall
frame
frame body
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CN202210633926.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114809480A (en
Inventor
张宁
廉军建
刘太国
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Oriental Risheng Green Power Zhejiang Building Materials Co ltd
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Oriental Risheng Green Power Zhejiang Building Materials Co ltd
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Priority to CN202210633926.9A priority Critical patent/CN114809480B/en
Publication of CN114809480A publication Critical patent/CN114809480A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention provides a photovoltaic shed roof structure and a photovoltaic parking shed, and relates to the technical field of photovoltaics. The multiple photovoltaic panels are assembled by the keel assembly and the beam assembly to form a mode of multi-row and multi-column arrangement, when the photovoltaic panel drainage device is used, the beam assembly is used for forming a drainage gradient to achieve the effect of overall large-surface drainage, water permeated from the beam assembly is collected through the internal water collecting grooves and is discharged from the end parts into the internal drainage flow channels on the keel assembly, and the drainage flow channels discharge water along the downhill direction, so that water leakage is avoided; the invention has simple structure, can be produced by standard components, has no welding fire, and is simple and convenient in site construction.

Description

Photovoltaic canopy roof structure and photovoltaic parking shed
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaics, in particular to a photovoltaic shed roof structure and a photovoltaic parking shed.
Background
With the development of the photovoltaic industry, building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) becomes a new technical field, and an outdoor photovoltaic shed is used as a branch of the technology, so that the shed has the functions of traditional wind shielding and rain shielding and photovoltaic power generation.
Aiming at the prior main schemes of the photovoltaic car shed roof, the following schemes are provided: (1) Adopting a composite metal roof (BIPV) shed roof scheme, adopting an industrial and commercial metal roof scheme (frameless component+metal roof) for modification, and adding a binding; (2) The frame assembly (the former proposal) is used, and the shape of the outer frame assembly is changed to achieve the aim of roof drainage; (3) The film type component photovoltaic system adopts a conventional curtain wall daylighting roof method.
The existing photovoltaic car shed roof structure generally exists: (1) poor drainage effect and water leakage problem; (2) the phenomenon of dust accumulation and hot spots is easy to occur; and (3) the construction period is long, and the disassembly and maintenance are inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a photovoltaic shed roof structure and a photovoltaic parking shed, which aim to effectively solve the problem of water leakage and form a reliable system.
Embodiments of the invention may be implemented as follows:
in a first aspect, the present invention provides a photovoltaic canopy structure, including a plurality of rectangular photovoltaic panels, a plurality of beam assemblies for connecting longitudinally adjacent two photovoltaic panels, and a plurality of keel assemblies for connecting transversely adjacent two photovoltaic panels, the plurality of photovoltaic panels being mounted by tilting the beam assemblies such that a canopy surface formed by the plurality of photovoltaic panels has a drainage slope, each beam assembly extending along one end of the adjacent two photovoltaic panels to the other end, each keel assembly extending along a highest portion of the canopy to a lowest portion;
the beam assembly comprises an inner water collecting tank, the keel assembly is provided with an inner water draining flow passage from top to bottom, and the end part of the inner water collecting tank is positioned above the inner water draining flow passage on the keel assembly so as to collect the permeated water through the inner water collecting tank on the beam assembly and drain the permeated water through the keel assembly.
In an alternative embodiment, the keel assembly comprises a first frame, a second frame, a buckle closure and a base fixed on the bottom supporting structure, the base is of a general length, the first frame and the second frame are arranged on the base, the base is provided with a mounting protrusion, a first limiting protrusion and a second limiting protrusion, the first limiting protrusion and the second limiting protrusion are respectively positioned on two sides of the mounting protrusion, so that a first drainage flow channel is formed between the first limiting protrusion and the mounting protrusion, and a second drainage flow channel is formed between the second limiting protrusion and the mounting protrusion;
the first frame is provided with a groove body structure matched with the first limit bulge, and the second frame is provided with a groove body structure matched with the second limit bulge so as to limit the first frame and the second frame by utilizing the first limit bulge and the second limit bulge; the top lateral walls of the first frame and the second frame are respectively provided with an embedded groove matched with the panel surface of the photovoltaic panel, each photovoltaic panel corresponds to one first frame and one second frame, the tops of the first frame and the second frame are covered by the buckle cover, and the buckle cover is of a general length.
In an alternative embodiment, the mounting protrusion is square hollow groove-shaped, and the height of the mounting protrusion is higher than that of the first limit protrusion and the second limit protrusion;
the fossil fragments subassembly still includes the clamp plate, and the clamp plate has two mounting grooves with first frame and the top matched with of second frame, and the face between two mounting grooves is less than the top of mounting groove, and the face between two mounting grooves passes through mounting fixed connection with the installation arch on the base, and the buckle closure lid closes on the clamp plate to the top and the lateral wall of closing cap clamp plate.
In an alternative embodiment, the first limiting protrusion and the second limiting protrusion are two, the first limiting protrusion comprises a first high-position limiting protrusion and a first low-position limiting protrusion with the height smaller than that of the first high-position limiting protrusion, and the first high-position limiting protrusion is positioned between the first low-position limiting protrusion and the mounting protrusion; the second limiting protrusion comprises a second high-position limiting protrusion and a second low-position limiting protrusion with the height smaller than that of the second high-position limiting protrusion, and the second high-position limiting protrusion is positioned between the second low-position limiting protrusion and the mounting protrusion;
the first frame and the second frame comprise middle frame bodies, the embedded grooves on the first frame and the second frame are formed in the top of the middle frame bodies, a first limit groove matched with a first low-position limit protrusion is formed in the bottom of the middle frame body on the first frame body, so that the first low-position limit protrusion is located in the first limit groove, a first bonding wall attached to the base is arranged on the side wall, far away from the installation protrusion, of the first limit groove, a first horizontal wall is connected to the wall surface, close to the installation protrusion, of the middle frame body on the first frame body, a first vertical wall is connected to the end part of the first horizontal wall, and a first limit groove matched with another first high-position limit protrusion is formed by the first horizontal wall and the first vertical wall;
the bottom of the middle frame body on the second frame forms a second limit groove matched with the second low-position limit protrusion, so that the second low-position limit protrusion is positioned in the second limit groove, a second bonding wall attached to the base is arranged on the side wall of the second limit groove far away from the installation protrusion, the middle frame body on the second frame is connected with a second horizontal wall on the wall surface of the middle frame body near the installation protrusion, the end part of the second horizontal wall is connected with a second vertical wall, and the second horizontal wall and the second vertical wall form a second limit groove matched with another second high-position limit protrusion.
In an alternative embodiment, the photovoltaic shed roof structure is sealed by using two edge keel assemblies, wherein one edge keel assembly is formed by replacing a first frame in the keel assembly with a square tube and connecting the photovoltaic panel by using an embedded groove on a second frame; the other edge keel assembly is characterized in that a second frame in the keel assembly is replaced by a square tube, and an embedded groove on the first frame is used for connecting with the photovoltaic panel;
the square pipes are provided with bottom notches matched with limiting protrusions far away from the mounting protrusions, the square pipes are propped against the limiting protrusions close to the mounting protrusions, and the tops of the square pipes are provided with rubber cushion blocks and the rubber cushion blocks are embedded into mounting grooves on the pressing plates.
In an alternative embodiment, each two longitudinally adjacent photovoltaic panels corresponds to a beam assembly, each beam assembly comprising an upper beam and a lower beam, the upper and lower beams being mounted obliquely to form a drainage grade; the upper cross beam and the lower cross beam are in meshed clamping connection, an inner water collecting tank is formed between the upper cross beam and the lower cross beam, and the meshed clamping connection part is communicated with the inner water collecting tank; the two adjacent upper cross beams and the two adjacent lower cross beams are arranged at intervals by using a through-length keel assembly.
In an alternative embodiment, the top end surfaces of the upper beam and the lower beam are provided with lap joint notches which are overlapped with the photovoltaic panel, so that the top wall of the beam assembly is flush with the photovoltaic panel, an inner water collecting tank for collecting top permeate water is arranged on the upper beam or the lower beam, and the end parts of the inner water collecting tanks on the two beam assemblies which are arranged at intervals by using the keel assemblies correspond to the first drainage flow channel and the second drainage flow channel respectively, so that the permeate water collected by the two beam assemblies is discharged through the first drainage flow channel and the second drainage flow channel; the lower cross beam and the upper cross beam form a closed cavity, and a milling groove notch is arranged on the lower cross beam so as to be used for dripping water.
In an alternative embodiment, the lower beam comprises a first hollow square frame body, a second hollow square frame body with the top higher than the first hollow square frame body is formed by utilizing the side wall of the first hollow square frame body close to the upper beam, a lap joint gap overlapped with the photovoltaic panel is formed by utilizing the top wall of the first hollow square frame body and the side wall of the second hollow square frame body, a first connecting wall parallel to the gradient direction is connected to the bottom of the second hollow square frame body, a second connecting wall is connected to the end part of the first connecting wall, an inner water collecting groove is formed by utilizing the side wall of the second hollow square frame body, the first connecting wall and the second connecting wall, and a connecting groove is formed on the side wall of the second hollow square frame body far away from the first hollow square frame body;
the upper cross beam comprises a third hollow square frame body opposite to the first hollow square frame body, a hollow gap is formed between the side wall of the third hollow square frame body, which is close to the first hollow square frame body, and a second connecting wall, the top wall of the third hollow square frame body is connected with a fourth connecting wall through the third connecting wall, the extending direction of the fourth connecting wall is parallel to the gradient direction, the top walls of the third connecting wall and the third hollow square frame body form a lap joint gap which is lapped with the photovoltaic panel, and a connecting protrusion matched with a connecting groove on the second hollow square frame body is arranged at the end part of the fourth connecting wall.
In an alternative embodiment, the photovoltaic shed roof structure is edge sealed by two edge beam assemblies, the photovoltaic panels are provided with top end faces and bottom end faces in the sloping direction, the edge beam assemblies on the top end faces comprise a lower beam and a baffle plate, and the second connecting wall of the lower beam is fixedly connected with the baffle plate; the edge beam assembly at the bottom end face includes an upper beam with the base extending below the connection boss on the upper beam to receive the drain of the upper beam.
In a second aspect, the present invention provides a photovoltaic parking shed comprising a photovoltaic shed roof structure according to any of the preceding embodiments and a bottom support structure for supporting the photovoltaic shed roof structure.
In an alternative embodiment, the bottom support structure comprises a main body structure, purlines and support keels, wherein the top of the main body structure is fixed with the purlines through a connecting bolt set, and the top of the purlines is fixed with a base in the photovoltaic shed roof structure through the support keels.
The embodiment of the invention has the beneficial effects that: the multiple photovoltaic panels are assembled to form a mode of multi-row and multi-column arrangement by the aid of the keel assembly and the beam assembly, the beam assembly is used for forming a water leakage gradient to achieve the effect of overall large-surface water drainage when the photovoltaic panel water drainage device is used, water permeated from the beam assembly is collected through the inner water collecting grooves and discharged from the end parts to the inner water drainage flow channels on the keel assembly, and the water drainage flow channels are used for discharging water along the downhill direction, so that water leakage is avoided.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are needed in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it being understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and other related drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a shed for photovoltaic according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a part of the structure of the photovoltaic bicycle shed in FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the installation location and configuration of the keel assembly of fig. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of region IV of FIG. 3;
figure 5 is a schematic view of a portion of the keel assembly of figure 3;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the mounting location and configuration of the edge runner assembly;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the mounting location and configuration of the beam assembly;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of region VIII of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the mounting location and configuration of the edge beam assembly of the top end face;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the mounting location and configuration of the edge beam assembly of the bottom end face;
figure 11 is a graph of the mating effect of the connection of the keel assembly and the beam assembly;
fig. 12 is a first alternative view of a keel assembly structure provided by an embodiment of the invention;
figure 13 is a second alternative view of a keel assembly structure provided by an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 14 is a third alternative view of a keel assembly structure provided by an embodiment of the invention;
figure 15 is a fourth alternative of a keel assembly structure provided by an embodiment of the invention.
Icon: 10-photovoltaic parking shed; 100-photovoltaic shed roof structure; 110-a photovoltaic panel; 120-a beam assembly; 121-an internal sump; 122-upper beam; 1221-a third hollow square frame; 1222-a third connecting wall; 1223-fourth connecting walls; 1224-connecting protrusions; 123-lower beam; 1231-a first hollow square frame; 1232-a second hollow square frame; 1233-first connecting wall; 1234-a second connecting wall; 1235-connecting grooves; 130-keel assembly; 131-an internal drain flow passage; 132-a first border; 133-a second bezel; 134-a buckle closure; 135-base; 136-mounting projections; 1371-first limit protrusion; 1372-second limit bump; 1373-first high limit bump; 1374-first low-position limit protrusion; 1375-second high limit bump; 1376-second low-position limit protrusions; 1381-a first drain flow passage; 1382-a second drain flow passage; 139-pressing plate; 1391—a mounting groove; 1321-middle frame; 1322-first limit groove; 1323-first abutment wall; 1324-a first horizontal wall; 1325-a first vertical wall; 1326-a first limit groove; 1331-an intermediate frame; 1332-a second limit groove; 1333-a second abutment wall; 1334-a second horizontal wall; 1335-a second vertical wall; 1336-a second limit groove; 140-edge keel assembly; 141-square tube; 142-bottom notch; 143-rubber cushion blocks; 150-edge beam assembly; 151-baffle; 200-a bottom support structure; 210-a body structure; 220-purlin; 230-supporting keels; 240-a set of connecting bolts; 001-an embedding groove; 002-a mount; 003-overlap gap; 004-structural adhesive; 005-milling a groove notch; 006-a cross beam; 007-square tube; 008-rubber gasket.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments of the present invention. The components of the embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the invention, as presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numerals and letters denote like items in the following figures, and thus once an item is defined in one figure, no further definition or explanation thereof is necessary in the following figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, if the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate an azimuth or a positional relationship based on the azimuth or the positional relationship shown in the drawings, or the azimuth or the positional relationship in which the inventive product is conventionally put in use, it is merely for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and it is not indicated or implied that the apparatus or element referred to must have a specific azimuth, be configured and operated in a specific azimuth, and thus it should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like, if any, are used merely for distinguishing between descriptions and not for indicating or implying a relative importance.
It should be noted that the features of the embodiments of the present invention may be combined with each other without conflict.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, an embodiment of the present invention provides a photovoltaic parking shed 10, which includes a photovoltaic shed roof structure 100 and a bottom support structure 200, and supports the photovoltaic shed roof structure 100 by the bottom support structure 200.
The photovoltaic canopy structure 100 comprises a plurality of rectangular photovoltaic panels 110, a plurality of beam assemblies 120 for connecting two longitudinally adjacent photovoltaic panels 110 and a plurality of keel assemblies 130 for connecting two transversely adjacent photovoltaic panels 110, wherein the beam assemblies 120 and the keel assemblies 130 are used for assembling the photovoltaic panels 110 on the one hand and draining water on the other hand, and the water permeated on the beam assemblies 120 is drained through the keel assemblies 130 in a matched manner, so that the water seepage problem is solved.
It should be noted that "transverse" and "longitudinal" are relative concepts, and may be switched between transverse and longitudinal at different viewing angles, and are perpendicular or nearly perpendicular. The defined gradient direction in the embodiment of the present invention is longitudinal, the other direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction is transverse, and the keel assembly 130 extends longitudinally and connects two adjacent photovoltaic panels 110 transversely; the beam assembly 120 extends in a lateral direction and connects two adjacent photovoltaic panels 110 longitudinally.
Specifically, the plurality of photovoltaic panels 110 are mounted by the beam assemblies 120 in an inclined manner such that the canopy top surface formed by the plurality of photovoltaic panels 110 has a water drainage slope, each beam assembly 120 extends along one end of two adjacent photovoltaic panels to the other end, and each keel assembly 130 extends along the highest to the lowest of the canopy top. An internal water collection sump 121 is formed in the beam assembly 120, an internal drain flow passage 131 is provided in the keel assembly 130 from top to bottom, and an end of the internal water collection sump 121 is positioned above the internal drain flow passage 131 in the keel assembly 130 to collect permeate water through the internal water collection sump 121 in the beam assembly 120 and drain permeate water through the keel assembly 130.
Specifically, the number of photovoltaic panels 110 is not limited, and is generally an even number. The photovoltaic panels 110 are arranged in a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns, each photovoltaic panel 110 is provided with two first installation edges which are oppositely arranged and two second installation edges which are oppositely arranged, the keel assemblies 130 are positioned between the first installation edges of the two adjacent photovoltaic panels 110, and each keel assembly 130 is of a general length; the beam assembly 120 is positioned between the second mounting edges of the adjacent two photovoltaic panels 110, and the adjacent two beam assemblies 120 are separated by a keel assembly 130 to assemble the plurality of photovoltaic panels 110 by the beam assembly 120 and the keel assembly 130. The beam assembly 120 and the spine assembly 130 may each be configured to mate with the photovoltaic panel 110 to facilitate assembly of multiple rows and columns of photovoltaic panels 110. More specifically, the photovoltaic panel 110 is generally rectangular in shape, and may have a long side as a first mounting side and a short side as a second mounting side as shown, but is not limited thereto.
Specifically, the inner drain flow path 131 is formed on the keel assembly 130, the inner water collecting grooves 121 for collecting the top permeate water are formed on the cross member assembly 120, the end portions of the inner water collecting grooves 121 on the cross member assembly 120 are positioned above the inner drain flow path 131 on the keel assembly 130, and the extending direction of the keel assembly 130 is adapted to the gradient direction, i.e., the extending direction of the keel assembly 130 is substantially the same as the gradient direction, so that the water flowing from the inner water collecting grooves 121 to the inner drain flow path 131 is discharged by the gradient.
To better enable installation of the photovoltaic panel 110 and to effectively drain away the water, the inventors have improved upon the structure of the keel assembly 130:
in some embodiments, referring to fig. 2 and 3, the keel assembly 130 includes a first frame 132, a second frame 133, a buckle cover 134, and a base 135 secured to the bottom support structure 200, the base 135 being generally long, the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 being mounted to the base 135. The base 135 is provided with a mounting protrusion 136, a first limit protrusion 1371 and a second limit protrusion 1372, the first limit protrusion 1371 and the second limit protrusion 1372 are respectively positioned at two sides of the mounting protrusion 136, the mounting protrusion 136 is square hollow groove-shaped, and the height of the mounting protrusion 136 is higher than that of the first limit protrusion 1371 and the second limit protrusion 1372; so that a first drain flow passage 1381 is formed between the first stopper protrusion 1371 and the mounting protrusion 136, and a second drain flow passage 1382 is formed between the second stopper protrusion 1372 and the mounting protrusion 136. The first frame 132 has a groove structure matched with the first limiting protrusion 1371, and the second frame 133 has a groove structure matched with the second limiting protrusion 1372, so that the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 are limited by the first limiting protrusion 1371 and the second limiting protrusion 1372; the top side walls of the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 are respectively provided with an embedded groove 001 matched with the board surface of the photovoltaic panel 110, two first installation edges of each photovoltaic panel 110 respectively correspond to one first frame 132 and one second frame 133, the top of the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 is covered by a buckle cover 134, and the buckle cover 134 is of a general length.
It should be noted that, the photovoltaic panel 110 is embedded into the embedded groove 001 on the top side walls of the first frame 132 and the second frame 133, and the structural adhesive 004 can be used to improve the connection stability; the purpose of the clasp 134 is to close the top of the keel assembly 130. There are roughly two implementations in actual operation: (1) The photovoltaic panel 110, the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 are assembled in a factory to obtain a photovoltaic module, and then the photovoltaic module is taken to a shed installation site, and the whole photovoltaic module is installed on a shed; (2) The photovoltaic panel 110, the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 are individually taken to a shed installation site, and assembled on site.
Further, to increase structural stability, the pressure plate 139 is added. The pressing plate 139 has two mounting grooves 1391 matching with the tops of the first frame 132 and the second frame 133, the plate surface between the two mounting grooves 1391 is lower than the top of the mounting groove 1391, the plate surface between the two mounting grooves 1391 is fixedly connected with the mounting protrusions 136 on the base 135 through the fixing pieces 002, and the buckle cover 134 covers the pressing plate 139 to cover the top and the side walls of the pressing plate 139. Specifically, the fixing member 002 may be a general self-tapping screw, and the pressing plate 139, the mounting boss 136, the base 135 and the bottom supporting structure 200 are fixed (may be matched with the rubber gasket 008) by the self-tapping screw, so as to form a stable whole, and the mounting boss 136 also plays a role in protecting the self-tapping screw and preventing corrosion of rainwater. The clasp cover 134 and the pressure plate 139 are tightly coupled by a mating of the protruding grooves. The minute amount of water leakage of the first and second frames 132 and 133 is finally discharged to the first and second drain flow passages 1381 and 1382.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 5, the first spacing protrusion 1371 and the second spacing protrusion 1372 are two, the first spacing protrusion 1371 includes a first high spacing protrusion 1373 and a first low spacing protrusion 1374, the first high spacing protrusion 1373 is located between the first low spacing protrusion 1374 and the mounting protrusion 136, and the first high spacing protrusion 1373 has a height greater than the first low spacing protrusion 1374; the second spacing bump 1372 includes a second high spacing bump 1375 and a second low spacing bump 1376, the second high spacing bump 1375 being located between the second low spacing bump 1376 and the mounting bump 136, the second high spacing bump 1375 being greater in height than the second low spacing bump 1376.
Specifically, the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 each include a middle frame 1321, the embedded grooves 001 on the first frame 132 and the second frame 133 are formed at the top of the middle frame 1321, the bottom of the middle frame 1321 on the first frame 132 forms a first limiting groove 1322 matched with the first low-position limiting protrusion 1374, so that the first low-position limiting protrusion 1374 is located in the first limiting groove 1322, a first attaching wall 1323 attached to the base 135 is provided on a side wall of the first limiting groove 1322 far from the mounting protrusion 136, a first horizontal wall 4 is connected to a wall surface, close to the mounting protrusion 136, of the middle frame 1321 on the first frame 132, a first vertical wall 1325 is connected to an end portion of the first horizontal wall 1324, and the first horizontal wall 1324 and the first vertical wall 1325 form a first limiting groove 1326 matched with the first high-position limiting protrusion 1373. In this way, the first limiting groove 1322 and the first limiting groove 1326 are matched with the first high-position limiting protrusion 1373 and the first low-position limiting protrusion 1374 to realize limiting, so that the height of the flow channel formed by the high-position limiting protrusion 1373 and the mounting protrusion 136 is more suitable, and drainage is facilitated.
The second frame 133 is similar to the first frame 132 in structure, a second limiting groove 1332 matching with the second low-level limiting protrusion 1376 is formed at the bottom of the middle frame 1331 on the second frame 133, so that the second low-level limiting protrusion 1376 is located in the second limiting groove 1332, a second attaching wall 1333 attached to the base 135 is arranged on the side wall, away from the mounting protrusion 136, of the second limiting groove 1332, a second horizontal wall 1334 is connected to the wall surface, close to the mounting protrusion 136, of the middle frame 1331 on the second frame 133, a second vertical wall 1335 is connected to the end portion of the second horizontal wall 1334, and the second horizontal wall 1334 and the second vertical wall 1335 form a second limiting groove 1336 matching with the second high-level limiting protrusion 1375.
Further, referring to fig. 6, the photovoltaic ceiling structure 100 is edge sealed with two edge runner assemblies 140. The edge runner assemblies 140 are similar to the middle runner assembly 130 but slightly different. An edge keel assembly 140 is formed by replacing the first frame 132 of the keel assembly 130 with a square tube 141 and connecting the photovoltaic panel 110 with the embedded groove 001 of the second frame 133; another edge runner assembly 140 is formed by replacing the second frame 133 of the runner assembly 130 with a square tube 141 and connecting the photovoltaic panel 110 with the embedded groove 001 of the first frame 132. To enhance the stability of the installation, the square tubes 141 each have a bottom notch 142 that mates with a spacing protrusion (first low-level spacing protrusion 1374 or second low-level spacing protrusion 1376) away from the installation protrusion 136 to embed the first low-level spacing protrusion 1374 or second low-level spacing protrusion 1376 of smaller size into the bottom notch 142, and the square tubes 141 are abutted against a spacing protrusion (i.e., first high-level spacing protrusion 1373 or second high-level spacing protrusion 1375) near the installation protrusion 136, and the tops of the square tubes 141 are provided with rubber pads 143 and the rubber pads 143 are embedded into the installation grooves 1391 on the pressure plate 139 to enhance the tightness of the connection.
It should be noted that the base 135 of the two edge runner assemblies 140 is also secured by the bottom support structure 200, similar to the structure and mounting form of the middle runner assembly 130, and will not be repeated here.
Referring to fig. 2, 7 and 8, each two longitudinally adjacent photovoltaic panels 110 corresponds to one beam assembly 120, each beam assembly 120 includes an upper beam 122 and a lower beam 123 matched with the upper beam 122, the upper beam 122 and the lower beam 123 are engaged and clamped, an inner water collecting tank 121 is formed between the upper beam 122 and the lower beam 123, and the engaged and clamped position is communicated with the inner water collecting tank to collect permeated water at the engaged position.
Further, the upper beam 122 and the lower beam 123 are installed to be inclined to form a drain slope; the top end surfaces of the upper beam 122 and the lower beam 123 are respectively provided with a lapping notch 003 lapping the photovoltaic panel 110, so that the top wall of the beam assembly 120 is flush with the photovoltaic panel 110, and the problems of dust accumulation and the like are avoided. An inner water collecting tank 121 for collecting top permeate water is provided on the upper or lower cross member 122 or 123, and ends of the inner water collecting tank 121 on the two cross member assemblies 120 spaced apart by the keel assembly 130 correspond to the first and second water discharge passages 1381 and 1382, respectively, to discharge the permeate water collected by the two cross member assemblies 120 through the first and second water discharge passages 1381 and 1382.
Specifically, the inner water collection tank 121 may be provided on the upper beam 122 or the lower beam 123, which is not limited herein.
There are roughly two implementations in actual operation: (1) The photovoltaic panel 110, the upper beam 122 and the lower beam 123 are assembled in a factory to obtain a photovoltaic module, and then the photovoltaic module is taken to a shed installation site, and the whole photovoltaic module is installed on a shed; (2) The photovoltaic panel 110, the upper beam 122 and the lower beam 123 are individually taken to a shed installation site for field assembly.
In some embodiments, the lower beam 123 includes a first hollow square frame body 1231, a second hollow square frame body 1232 with a top higher than the first hollow square frame body 1231 is formed by using a side wall of the first hollow square frame body 1231 close to the upper beam 122, a lap joint gap 003 overlapping the photovoltaic panel 110 is formed by using a top wall of the first hollow square frame body 1231 and a side wall of the second hollow square frame body 1232, a first connecting wall 1233 parallel to a gradient direction is connected to a bottom of the second hollow square frame body 1232, a second connecting wall 1234 is connected to an end of the first connecting wall 1233, an inner water collecting tank 121 is formed by using a side wall of the second hollow square frame body, the first connecting wall 1233 and the second connecting wall 1234, a connecting groove 1235 is formed on a side wall of the second hollow square frame body 2 far from the first hollow square frame body 1231, and the connecting groove 1235 is shaped like a semicircle.
In cooperation with the lower beam 123, the upper beam 122 includes a third hollow square frame 1221 opposite to the first hollow square frame 1231, a hollow gap is formed between a side wall of the third hollow square frame 1221, which is close to the first hollow square frame 1231, and the second connecting wall 1234, a top wall of the third hollow square frame 1221 is connected with the fourth connecting wall 1223 through the third connecting wall 1222, an extending direction of the fourth connecting wall 1223 is parallel to a gradient direction, overlap gaps 003 overlapping the photovoltaic panel 110 are formed on the top walls of the third connecting wall 1222 and the third hollow square frame 1221, connecting protrusions 1224 cooperating with connecting grooves 1235 on the second hollow square frame 1232 are arranged at an end of the fourth connecting wall 1223, and the connecting protrusions 1224 are placed in the connecting grooves 1235, so that the connecting protrusions 1224 can be closed in a meshed manner and can be rotated at the same time, and are convenient to detach. There may be apertures at the junction of the lower beam 123 and the upper beam 122, causing water leakage, which may drain through the inner sump 121 on the lower beam 123 to the inner drain flow passage 131 on the end base 135.
In some embodiments, referring to fig. 9 and 10, the photovoltaic ceiling structure 100 uses two edge beam assemblies 150 to seal edges, the plurality of photovoltaic panels 110 have top end surfaces and bottom end surfaces in sloping directions, the edge beam assemblies 150 on the top end surfaces include a lower beam 123 and a baffle 151, and the second connecting wall 1234 of the lower beam 123 is fixedly connected to the baffle 151, and the fixing manner is not limited, and the fixing manner can be screw fixing, so that the overall structure is more attractive by using the baffle 151. As shown in fig. 10, the edge beam assembly 150 at the bottom end face includes an upper beam 122, the outermost photovoltaic panel 110 is lapped over the lap gap 003 on the upper beam 122, and the base 135 extends below the connecting projection 1224 on the upper beam 122 to receive the drainage of the upper beam 122.
It should be noted that, the fixing manner of each beam assembly 120 is not limited, and may be convenient for fixing, and is not limited herein.
Referring to fig. 11, a lower beam 123 and an upper beam 122 are assembled to form a closed cavity, and a slot-milling notch 005 may be provided on the lower beam 123 for water dripping.
Specifically, the photovoltaic ceiling structure 100 is not limited to a specific material, and may be a general aluminum alloy or other alloy material, and corrosion resistance is preferred.
The specific structure of the bottom support structure 200 is not limited and is primarily used to support the base 135 in the photovoltaic canopy structure 100.
In some embodiments, the bottom support structure 200 is configured as shown in fig. 1-3, and includes a main body structure 210, purlins 220, and support keels 230, wherein the top of the main body structure 210 is secured to the purlins 220 by a set of connecting bolts 240, and the top of the purlins 220 is secured to the base 135 in the photovoltaic canopy structure 100 by the support keels 230. Specifically, the main structure 210 may be in an i-steel shape, the top is fixed to the purline 220 by the connecting bolt set 240, and the purline 220 is fixed to the base 135 by the hollow square supporting keel 230.
Specifically, the material of the bottom support structure 200 is not limited, and steel may be used.
In some embodiments, the supporting keel 230 may be used as a wire slot of a cable junction box, and the electric energy generated by the photovoltaic parking shed may be stored by a storage battery to be charged by an electric vehicle, or may be converted by an inverter by the junction box and then be collected into a power grid, so as to generate economic benefit.
As shown in fig. 12, the base 135 is a member for draining water and fixing, the structure thereof can be appropriately adjusted, the nailing portion can be reinforced, and the reinforcing cross member 006 is provided in the hollow mounting boss 136.
As shown in fig. 13, the mounting protrusions 136 of the base 135 row may not be square hollow grooves, and the nailing sites are properly optimized for economy.
As shown in fig. 14, the support keel 230 may be eliminated to save steel for different spans of structure, such as smaller component outline dimensions.
As shown in fig. 15, if the profile of the assembly is slightly increased, the base 135 may also be adjusted, and the square tube 007 may be added to the lower portion to improve the bending resistance.
The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily understood by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are intended to be included in the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the invention is subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. The photovoltaic shed roof structure is characterized by comprising a plurality of rectangular photovoltaic panels, a plurality of beam assemblies used for connecting two adjacent photovoltaic panels in the longitudinal direction and a plurality of keel assemblies used for connecting two adjacent photovoltaic panels in the transverse direction, wherein the photovoltaic panels are obliquely installed through the beam assemblies, so that the shed roof surface formed by the photovoltaic panels has a drainage gradient, each beam assembly extends to the other end along one end of each two adjacent photovoltaic panels, and each keel assembly extends to the lowest position along the highest position of the shed roof;
the beam assembly comprises an inner water collecting tank, an inner water draining flow passage is arranged on the keel assembly from top to bottom, and the end part of the inner water collecting tank is positioned above the inner water draining flow passage on the keel assembly so as to collect penetrating water through the inner water collecting tank on the beam assembly and drain the penetrating water through the keel assembly;
the keel assembly comprises a first frame, a second frame, a buckle closure and a base fixed on a bottom supporting structure, wherein the base is of a through length, the first frame and the second frame are installed on the base, an installation protrusion, a first limiting protrusion and a second limiting protrusion are arranged on the base, the first limiting protrusion and the second limiting protrusion are respectively positioned on two sides of the installation protrusion, so that a first drainage flow channel is formed between the first limiting protrusion and the installation protrusion, and a second drainage flow channel is formed between the second limiting protrusion and the installation protrusion;
the first frame is provided with a groove body structure matched with the first limiting protrusion, and the second frame is provided with a groove body structure matched with the second limiting protrusion, so that the first frame and the second frame are limited by the first limiting protrusion and the second limiting protrusion; the top side walls of the first frame and the second frame are respectively provided with an embedded groove matched with the plate surface of the photovoltaic panel, each photovoltaic panel corresponds to one first frame and one second frame, the tops of the first frame and the second frame are covered by the buckle cover, and the buckle cover is of a general length;
the first limiting protrusion comprises a first high-position limiting protrusion and a first low-position limiting protrusion, the height of the first low-position limiting protrusion is smaller than that of the first high-position limiting protrusion, and the first high-position limiting protrusion is located between the first low-position limiting protrusion and the mounting protrusion; the second limiting protrusion comprises a second high-position limiting protrusion and a second low-position limiting protrusion, the height of which is smaller than that of the second high-position limiting protrusion, and the second high-position limiting protrusion is positioned between the second low-position limiting protrusion and the mounting protrusion;
the first side frame and the second side frame comprise middle frame bodies, the embedded grooves on the first side frame and the second side frame are formed in the top of the middle frame body, a first limit groove matched with the first low-position limit protrusion is formed in the bottom of the middle frame body on the first side frame, so that the first low-position limit protrusion is located in the first limit groove, a first bonding wall attached to the base is arranged on the side wall, far away from the mounting protrusion, of the first limit groove, a first horizontal wall is connected to the wall surface, close to the mounting protrusion, of the middle frame body on the first side frame, a first vertical wall is connected to the end part of the first horizontal wall, and a first limit groove matched with the other first high-position limit protrusion is formed by the first horizontal wall and the first vertical wall;
the bottom of the middle frame body on the second frame forms a second limit groove matched with the second low-position limit protrusion, so that the second low-position limit protrusion is positioned in the second limit groove, a second attaching wall attached to the base is arranged on the side wall of the second limit groove far away from the mounting protrusion, a second horizontal wall is connected to the wall surface, close to the mounting protrusion, of the middle frame body on the second frame body, a second vertical wall is connected to the end part of the second horizontal wall, and a second limit groove matched with the second high-position limit protrusion is formed in the second horizontal wall and the second vertical wall.
2. The photovoltaic canopy structure of claim 1, wherein the mounting tabs are square hollow slots and the mounting tabs are taller than the first and second spacing tabs;
the keel assembly further comprises a pressing plate, the pressing plate is provided with two mounting grooves matched with the tops of the first frame and the second frame, the plate surface between the two mounting grooves is lower than the tops of the mounting grooves, the plate surface between the two mounting grooves is fixedly connected with the mounting protrusions on the base through fixing pieces, and the buckle cover covers the pressing plate so as to cover the tops and the side walls of the pressing plate.
3. The photovoltaic canopy structure of claim 2, wherein the photovoltaic canopy structure is edge sealed with two edge runner assemblies, one of the edge runner assemblies is a square tube replaced by the first frame of the runner assembly, and the embedded groove on the second frame is connected with the photovoltaic panel; the other edge keel assembly is characterized in that the second frame in the keel assembly is replaced by a square tube, and the embedded groove on the first frame is used for connecting with the photovoltaic panel;
the square pipes are provided with bottom notches matched with limit protrusions far away from the installation protrusions, the square pipes are propped against the limit protrusions close to the installation protrusions, rubber cushion blocks are arranged at the tops of the square pipes, and the rubber cushion blocks are embedded into the installation grooves on the pressing plates.
4. The photovoltaic canopy roof structure of claim 1, wherein each of two longitudinally adjacent photovoltaic panels corresponds to one of said beam assemblies, each of said beam assemblies including an upper beam and a lower beam, said upper beam and said lower beam being mounted at an incline to form a drainage grade; the upper cross beam and the lower cross beam are in meshed clamping connection, an inner water collecting tank is formed between the upper cross beam and the lower cross beam, and the meshed clamping connection part is communicated with the inner water collecting tank; the two adjacent upper cross beams and the two adjacent lower cross beams are arranged at intervals by using the through length keel assembly.
5. The photovoltaic ceiling structure according to claim 4, wherein the top end surfaces of the upper and lower beams each have a lap joint gap overlapping the photovoltaic panel so that the top wall of the beam assembly is flush with the photovoltaic panel, an inner water collecting tank for collecting top permeate water is provided on the upper or lower beam, and the ends of the inner water collecting tanks on the two beam assemblies arranged at intervals by the keel assembly correspond to the first and second water discharge channels, respectively, so as to discharge the permeate water collected by the two beam assemblies through the first and second water discharge channels; the lower cross beam and the upper cross beam form a closed cavity, and a milling groove notch is arranged on the lower cross beam so as to be used for dripping water.
6. The photovoltaic ceiling structure according to claim 5, wherein the lower beam includes a first hollow square frame body, a second hollow square frame body having a top higher than the first hollow square frame body is formed by using a side wall of the first hollow square frame body close to the upper beam, the overlapping gap overlapping the photovoltaic panel is formed by using a top wall of the first hollow square frame body and a side wall of the second hollow square frame body, a first connecting wall parallel to a gradient direction is connected to a bottom of the second hollow square frame body, a second connecting wall is connected to an end of the first connecting wall, the inner water collecting tank is formed by using a side wall of the second hollow square frame body, the first connecting wall and the second connecting wall, and a connecting groove is provided on a side wall of the second hollow square frame body away from the first hollow square frame body;
the upper cross beam comprises a third hollow square frame body opposite to the first hollow square frame body, the third hollow square frame body is close to a hollow gap is formed between the side wall of the first hollow square frame body and the second connecting wall, the top wall of the third hollow square frame body is connected with a fourth connecting wall through the third connecting wall, the extending direction of the fourth connecting wall is parallel to the gradient direction, the top wall of the third connecting wall and the top wall of the third hollow square frame body form a lap joint gap which is lapped with the photovoltaic panel, and a connecting protrusion matched with the connecting groove on the second hollow square frame body is arranged at the end part of the fourth connecting wall.
7. The photovoltaic canopy structure of claim 6, wherein the photovoltaic canopy structure is edge sealed with two edge beam assemblies, a plurality of the photovoltaic panels having top and bottom end faces in a sloping direction, the edge beam assemblies at the top end face comprising one of the lower beams and a baffle plate and being fixedly connected to the baffle plate with a second connecting wall of the lower beam; the edge beam assembly at the bottom end face includes one of the upper beams, and the base extends below the connection projection on the upper beam to receive drainage of the upper beam.
8. A photovoltaic parking shed comprising the photovoltaic shed roof structure of any one of claims 1-7 and a bottom support structure for supporting the photovoltaic shed roof structure;
the bottom supporting structure comprises a main body structure, purlines and supporting keels, wherein the top of the main body structure is fixed with the purlines through a connecting bolt group, and the top of the purlines is fixed with a base in the photovoltaic shed roof structure through the supporting keels.
CN202210633926.9A 2022-06-06 2022-06-06 Photovoltaic canopy roof structure and photovoltaic parking shed Active CN114809480B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101614058A (en) * 2009-07-09 2009-12-30 常州天合光能有限公司 Roofing photovoltaic installation system
FR2967704A1 (en) * 2010-11-22 2012-05-25 Abcd Internat Solar panels integration device for roof of building, has two parallel rails including fixing grooves delimited by two lateral vertical walls, where fixing grooves fix ends of sleepers on rails
EP2615390A1 (en) * 2012-01-11 2013-07-17 Dentro il Sole S.p.A. Modular support structure for constructing roofing using photovoltaic and/or thermal solar panels
CN208572012U (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-03-01 苏州携创新能源科技有限公司 Bindiny mechanism, solar photovoltaic assembly and solar energy top surface between solar energy layer casting die
CN213418242U (en) * 2020-08-06 2021-06-11 西安隆基绿能建筑科技有限公司 Photovoltaic roof
CN214101275U (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-08-31 西安隆基绿能建筑科技有限公司 Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic roofing spare
CN113746415A (en) * 2021-09-06 2021-12-03 广东博智林机器人有限公司 Photovoltaic mounting bracket, photovoltaic system and photovoltaic roof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101614058A (en) * 2009-07-09 2009-12-30 常州天合光能有限公司 Roofing photovoltaic installation system
FR2967704A1 (en) * 2010-11-22 2012-05-25 Abcd Internat Solar panels integration device for roof of building, has two parallel rails including fixing grooves delimited by two lateral vertical walls, where fixing grooves fix ends of sleepers on rails
EP2615390A1 (en) * 2012-01-11 2013-07-17 Dentro il Sole S.p.A. Modular support structure for constructing roofing using photovoltaic and/or thermal solar panels
CN208572012U (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-03-01 苏州携创新能源科技有限公司 Bindiny mechanism, solar photovoltaic assembly and solar energy top surface between solar energy layer casting die
CN213418242U (en) * 2020-08-06 2021-06-11 西安隆基绿能建筑科技有限公司 Photovoltaic roof
CN214101275U (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-08-31 西安隆基绿能建筑科技有限公司 Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic roofing spare
CN113746415A (en) * 2021-09-06 2021-12-03 广东博智林机器人有限公司 Photovoltaic mounting bracket, photovoltaic system and photovoltaic roof

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