CN1148053C - Computer system controlled telephone set connected with microcomputer - Google Patents

Computer system controlled telephone set connected with microcomputer

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Publication number
CN1148053C
CN1148053C CNB001295179A CN00129517A CN1148053C CN 1148053 C CN1148053 C CN 1148053C CN B001295179 A CNB001295179 A CN B001295179A CN 00129517 A CN00129517 A CN 00129517A CN 1148053 C CN1148053 C CN 1148053C
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telephone
microcomputer
software
circuit
module
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CNB001295179A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1285674A (en
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欧阳聪星
徐玉龙
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欧阳聪星
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Abstract

一种与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,是由微型计算机通过其USB接口,以及USB线缆、USB接口电路、微控制器电路与电话机接续,使该电话机成为一个相对独立的、受该微型计算机软件控制其操作的计算机外部设备;该计算机软件控制电话机既保留原有电话机语音通信简单方便的特点,又充分利用微型计算机丰富的软件、硬件资源,把微型计算机作为个人化语音通信的智能管理中心,成为一个特有的个人化语音通信平台。 One kind of microcomputer and software controlled computer telephone connection, by the microcomputer through its USB interface, and USB cable, the USB interface circuit, a microcontroller circuit and the telephone connection, so that the telephone set becomes a relatively independent, by the microcomputer software to control the operation of computer peripherals; computer software to control the phone only to retain existing telephone voice communications simple and convenient features, but also take full advantage of a wealth of microcomputer software and hardware resources, the micro computer as a personal intelligent management Center voice communication has become a unique personalized voice communications platform.

Description

与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机 Follow the computer software and microcomputer control phone

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种新型电话机,确切地说,涉及一种与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,该电话机是由微型计算机软件通过USB接口来控制操作的电话机,它是利用公共交换电话网(PSTN)和微型计算机强大的管理控制和计算存储功能,把普通电话机集成到微型计算机上,使普通电话机的功能实现质的飞跃。 The present invention relates to a novel telephone and, more particularly, to a connection with the computer software microcomputer controlled telephone, the telephone is a telephone set by the microcomputer to control the operation of the software through the USB interface, which is the use of a public switched telephone network (PSTN) and microcomputer control and powerful computing storage management functions, the ordinary telephone integrated into the microcomputer, the functions of an ordinary telephone to achieve a qualitative leap.

背景技术 Background technique

自1876年电话诞生以来,已经过去了一百多年,人类进入了信息时代,身处网络社会的人们,面临越来越多的通信媒体和通信方式的选择。 Since 1876, the birth of the telephone, have passed a hundred years, humanity has entered the information age, people living in the network society, faced with a growing number of communications media and communication mode of choice. 但是在各式各样的通信方式中,语音通信始终是其中极其重要的一种;在各种各样的通信方式中,已经有一百多年历史的普通电话机仍然是人们最常使用、最为普及的通信设备。 But in a wide variety of communication method, in which voice communication is always extremely important one; in a variety of communication methods, it has been a hundred years of history of ordinary telephone is still the most frequently used the most popular communications devices. 在这一百多年间,电话机不断更新换代,功能也越来越强大,但由于受本身体积、供电电源以及制造成本的限制,其功能的扩展和突破面临相当大的困难,某些时候,已不适应人们对通信的要求。 In this hundred years, constantly upgrading the phone, more powerful functions, but due to the volume itself, power supply and limit manufacturing costs, expand its functionality and breakthrough facing considerable difficulties, some of the time, people no longer meet the requirements for communications. 然而,与此同时,计算机、特别是微型计算机的迅速普及和网络的迅速发展,使它从最初作为计算和办公设备,今天已经成为网络的通信终端;但是,微型计算机的资源还远远没有被充分利用,其中还有巨大的发展空间。 However, at the same time, the computer, especially the rapid popularity and rapid development of microcomputer network, making it as from the initial computing and office equipment, today has become a communication terminal network; however, resources microcomputer is far from being fully utilized, of which there is huge room for development.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,该装置将迅速发展的微型计算机和传统的电话机相结合,形成一种新型通信终端设备——微型计算机软件控制电话机。 Object of the present invention is to provide a microcomputer with a computer software controlled telephone connection, the device will combine the rapid development of microcomputer and a conventional telephone set, forming a new communication terminal device - the microcomputer software controlled telephone . 它既保留原有电话机语音通信简单方便的特点,又充分利用微型计算机丰富的软件、硬件资源,把微型计算机作为个人化语音通信的智能管理中心,成为一个特有的个人化语音通信平台。 It retains the original voice telephone communication simple and convenient features, but also take full advantage of a wealth of microcomputer software and hardware resources, the microcomputer Intelligent Management Center as personalized voice communications to become a unique personalized voice communications platform.

本发明的目的是这样实现的:一种与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,包括含有手柄、机座、普通电话线接口的电话机和微型计算机,其特征在于:该微型计算机通过其USB接口,以及USB线缆、USB接口电路、微控制器电路与电话机接续,其中微控制器电路中包括有:与USB接口电路连接的微控制器,以及分别与该微控制器连接的两个软件控制的叉簧电路,一个软件控制的键盘电路,一个数模转换电路和一个模数转换电路;所述的两个软件控制的叉簧电路中的一个软件控制的叉簧电路与电话机的叉簧电路相串联,另一个软件控制的叉簧电路以并联方式跨接在上述两个串联的叉簧电路的两端;所述的软件控制的键盘电路与电话机的键盘电路并联在一起;所述的数模转换电路和模数转换电路分别以并联形式连接在电话机手柄的音频信号输出输入接线 Object of the present invention is achieved: one in connection with the microcomputer software controlled computer telephone, including a handle comprising, base, telephone and the microcomputer normal telephone line interface, wherein: the microcomputer through its USB interface, and a USB cable, the USB interface circuit, a microcontroller circuit and the telephone connection, wherein the microcontroller circuit comprises: a microcontroller connected to the USB interface circuit, and the two are connected to the microcontroller hook circuit for controlling software, a software keyboard of the control circuit, a digital to analog conversion circuit and an analog to digital converter; a software hook the two software control circuit in the control circuit and the telephone hook switch hook circuit in series, the other software controlled hook circuit in parallel across the both ends of the series circuit of the two hook; keyboard circuit of the keyboard circuit of the telephone control software in parallel together; the digital to analog conversion circuit and an analog to digital converter is connected in parallel to form a handle telephone audio signal output is input wiring ;所述的微控制器还与电话机中的主叫号码识别电路相连接,以将主叫电话号码通过USB接口送至微型计算机中,由微型计算机进行显示和管理;该电话机作为所述的微型计算机的外部设备,由软件控制的叉簧电路完成摘机和挂机,由软件控制的键盘电路完成拨号,由模数转换电路和数模转换电路完成语音播放和录音,模数转换电路还对电话通话过程中出现在手柄耳机处的通信进程音频信号信令进行模数转换,再通过USB接口送入微型计算机,由微型计算机分析当前的通信进程,并以提示框的形式提示在微型计算机屏幕上,由此实现电话音频信号信令的可视化操作。 ; The microcontroller is also connected to the telephone calling number identification circuit, to the calling telephone number via the USB interface to the microcomputer, display and management of a microcomputer; the telephone as the a microcomputer external device, a circuit is completed by the software controlled hook-hook and on-hook, a circuit is completed from the keyboard dialing software control, to implement the voice recording and playback by an analog-to-digital conversion and digital to analog conversion circuit, analog-digital conversion circuit further telephone call occurred in a communication process of an audio signal at the headphone handle signaling analog to digital conversion, and then sent to the microcomputer via the USB interface, the current communication process of analysis by the microcomputer, and the microcomputer in the form of prompt prompt box on the screen, thereby enabling visualization telephone audio signal signaling.

所述电话机的手柄上接有一个五刀双掷开关的倒换控制盒,其中四刀的动接点分别与电话机手柄上的两根麦克音频信号线和两根耳机音频信号线相连接,其两组静接点则分别与电话机内的通话电路音频信号接口和该电话机内设置的一组与微型计算机声卡接口相连接的接点相连接,可以实现手柄输入输出的音频信号在普通PSTN电话机输入输出音频信号和声卡输入输出音频信号之间相互切换;另外一刀的两个静接点分别连接电源和地,其动接点接入微控制器,用来检测双掷开关动接点当前所处的状态。 The handle is connected with the telephone switch control box a five-pole double-throw switch, wherein the movable contact four knives are connected with two microphone audio signal on the telephone line and two handles audio earphone line, which two stationary contacts are connected to the audio signal interface circuit call and a set of contacts and a microcomputer connected to the interface card disposed within the telephone within the telephone, handle the input and output audio signals may be implemented in an ordinary PSTN telephone switching between the output of the sound card input audio signal and output audio signals with each other; the other two are static knife contacts connect power and ground, the movable contact which access microcontroller, double-throw switch for detecting the current state in which the movable contact .

所述的软件控制的叉簧电路是通过计算机软件发出控制信号,经由USB接口电路给微控制器,微控制器接收到该控制信号之后,发出与此相对应的逻辑电平来控制叉簧的接通和断开操作。 After the hook software control circuit sends a control signal through the computer software, the microcontroller receives, the control signal to the microcontroller via the USB interface circuit, issue logic level corresponding thereto to control the switchhook switched ON and OFF.

所述的软件控制的键盘电路是通过计算机软件发出控制信号,经由USB接口电路给微控制器,微控制器接收到所拨的电话号码,发出与此相对应的逻辑电平来控制相关按键的操作。 The control circuit of the software keyboard is a control signal issued by computer software, the microcontroller, the microcontroller receives the dialed phone number via the USB interface circuit, issue logic level corresponding thereto to control the associated key operating.

所述的计算机软件控制电话机中的电话机部分由PSTN电话线供电,USB接口电路及微控制器电路部分则由微型计算机通过USB接口供电,两套电源共地。 The computer software controls the telephone by the PSTN part of the phone is a telephone line-powered, the USB interface circuit and a microcontroller circuit portion by a microcomputer powered through the USB interface, two common ground power.

所述的微型计算机中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,电话号簿管理模块,拨号模块,通话进程分析与可视化模块,电话录音模块,电话录音管理模块,计算机语音播放模块,通话管理模块,主叫号码显示模块和USB通信模块。 The microcomputer software modular architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, phone book management module, dial module, process the call analysis and visualization module, a voice recording module, a telephone recording management module, computer voice playback module, the call management module, caller ID module and the USB communication module.

所述的微控制器电路中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,录音数据采样模块,计算机语音播放模块,拨号模块,主叫号码识别模块和USB通信模块。 The microcontroller circuit of a modular software architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, sampling module recorded data, computer voice playback module, dial module, a calling number identification module and the USB communication module.

所述的微型计算机软件控制电话机在微型计算机屏幕上以提示框形式将信今分析的结果显示出来的电话音频信号信令包括有:拨号音、回铃音、忙音、长途电话通知音、催挂音、特种拨号音、拥塞音、空号音和呼入等待音。 The microcomputer software control box to prompt the telephone signaling form of analysis results displayed on the microcomputer screen signaling telephone audio signal comprising: dial tone, ring back tone, busy tone, long-distance call notification sound, reminders hanging tone, special dial tone, congestion tone, ringing tone and an empty waiting tone.

所述电话机的手柄上接有一个五刀双掷开关的倒换控制盒,其中四刀的动接点与电话机手柄上的两根麦克音频信号线和两根耳机音频信号线相连接,其两组静接点中的一组与电话机内的通话电路音频信号接口相接续,而另外一组为悬空端;当五刀双掷开关的倒换控制盒的动接点切换到与悬空端相接续时,电话机的手柄成为微型计算机音频信号输入输出的外围设备;另外一刀的两个静接点分别连接电源和地,其动接点接入微控制器,用来检测双掷开关动接点当前所处的状态。 The switch control box connected with a five-pole double-throw switch on the handle of the telephone, wherein the two movable contact on the handle with four knives telephone microphone audio signal lines and two audio headset is connected to the signal line, which two static group within a group telephone call audio signal interface circuit contacts in connection with, and the other free end is set; and when the movable contact of the switch control box five SPDT switch is switched to the connection with the vacant end, handle telephone peripheral device becomes a microcomputer of an audio signal input and output; additional two stationary knife contacts are connected to power and ground, the movable contact which access microcontroller, double-throw switch for detecting the current state in which the movable contact .

所述的微型计算机中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,电话号码簿管理模块,拨号模块,通话进程分析与可视化模块,电话录音模块,电话录音管理模块,计算机语音播放模块,通话管理模块,计算机手柄驱动程序模块,主叫号码显示模块和USB通信模块。 The microcomputer software modular architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, telephone directory management module, dial module, process the call analysis and visualization module, a voice recording module, a telephone recording management module, computer voice playback module, the call management module, a computer module handle driver, calling number display module and the USB communication module.

所述的微控制器电路中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,录音数据采样模块,计算机语音播放模块,拨号模块,主叫号码识别模块,音频输入模块,音频输出模块和USB通信模块。 The microcontroller circuit of a modular software architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, sampling module recorded data, computer voice playback module, dial module, a calling number identification module, an audio input module, the audio output module and USB communication module.

当五刀双掷开关拨向PSTN电话机一端时,其当前状态由微控制器检测,经USB接口上传至所述的微型计算机,该微型计算机再通过USB接口发出控制信号,使串联的软件控制的叉簧电路处于闭路状态;当五刀双掷开关拨向声卡接口时,其当前状态由微控制器检测,经USB接口上传至所述的微型计算机,该微型计算机再通过USB接口发出控制信号,使串联的软件控制的叉簧电路和并联的软件控制叉簧电路全部处于开路状态。 When five SPDT switch to the PSTN telephone end, its current state is detected by the microcontroller, the interface to upload via the USB microcomputer, the microcomputer then sends a control signal through the USB interface, so that the series of software-controlled the hook switch circuit in a closed state; five when the SPDT switch to the interface card, its current state is detected by the microcontroller, the interface to upload via the USB microcomputer, the microcomputer then sends a control signal through the USB interface the software hook circuit and a parallel series of software controlled by the control circuit all the hook in an open state.

本发明的原理是这样实现的:首先,微型计算机软件控制电话机是一种电话机,在微型计算机关机或与其配套的微型计算机软件未启动时,它能够作为一个功能简单的普通电话机来使用,可以完成电话的呼叫和接听。 The principles of the present invention is implemented as follows: First, the microcomputer software controlled telephone is a telephone set, or turned off when the microcomputer is a microcomputer with matching software is not started, it is possible to simply as ordinary telephone function is used you can be completed and receive telephone calls. 在微型计算机开机且与其配套的微型计算机软件启动时,它就是一个功能强大的、由微型计算机软件控制的电话机。 Boot microcomputer and its support of microcomputer software starts, it is a powerful, controlled by microcomputer software telephone. 在计算机软件这个人机界面上,可以完成电话的拨打、接听、主叫号码显示、电话号簿的管理(添加、修改、删除、查询)、电话录音、电话录音数据的管理(删除、查询),通信进程分析可视化以及通话的计时计费等;所有的微型计算机软件发出的控制信号和从微控制器获得的数据全部通过USB接口输入输出;而微控制器接收微型计算机软件发出的控制信号通过逻辑电路来完成微型计算机的各种命令(如:拨号、接听、录音等),并且将获得的各种数据上传给微型计算机。 In this human-machine interface software on your computer, you can complete the call, answering, caller ID, phone book management (add, modify, delete, query), manage telephone recording, telephone recording data (delete, query) , visualization, and analysis of the communication process call billing timing; all control signals issued by the microcomputer software and data obtained from all of the USB interface to the microcontroller via input and output; and a microcomputer software microcontroller receives control signals emitted by the logic to accomplish various commands of a microcomputer (eg: dialing, answering, recording, etc.), and various data obtained uploaded to the microcomputer. 从而实现了一个以普通电话电路和微控制器相结合为基础的、利用微型计算机强大的逻辑控制和记录存储功能的、基于微型计算机的个人化语音通信平台。 Thus achieving a combination of an ordinary telephone circuit and microcontroller-based microcomputer using powerful logic control and recording storage function, internet-based personalized voice communication microcomputer.

本发明的特点是利用微型计算机强大的逻辑控制、记录存储和运算处理功能,通过微型计算机USB接口,实现由软件来管理电话机;改变了传统电话号簿查阅繁琐的缺点,实现了智能电话号簿的快速查询、模糊查询;改变了传统电话机旋转拨号和按键拨号的方式,实现了鼠标一点就能通话的微型计算机拨号方式;改变了传统电话机录音容量过小的缺点,实现了次数和录音时间不受限制的强大的电话录音功能(仅受硬盘容量所限);在通话过程中,还能实现主叫号码识别,以及通话时间和通话费用的记录。 Feature of the present invention is to use a powerful microcomputer logic control, record storage function and an arithmetic processing, by the microcomputer USB interface, software managed by telephone; changed the traditional telephone directory Now cumbersome disadvantages achieve a smart phone number Quick inquiry book, fuzzy query; changed the traditional way of rotary dial telephones and touch dials, to achieve a micro-computer dial-up little mouse will be able to call; changed the traditional telephone recording capacity is too small shortcomings, and to achieve a number of recording time is unlimited powerful call recording (only limited by hard disk capacity); during the call, but also to achieve the calling number identification, and recording call time and costs. 另外,本电话机可以挂在显示器的一侧,节约桌面空间,也可以像传统电话一样放在桌面上。 Further, this telephone can be hung on the side of the display, save desk space, may be the same as a conventional telephone on the desk.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的第一种实施例的系统硬件结构组成方框示意图;图2是本发明的第一种实施例的系统软件模块组成方框示意图;图3是本发明的软件控制的叉簧信号处理流程图;图4是本发明的软件控制的键盘信号处理流程图;图5是本发明的主叫号码信号处理流程图;图6是本发明的电话录音信号处理流程图;图7是本发明的电话音频信号信令处理流程图;图8是本发明的计算机播放语音信号处理流程图;图9是本发明的软件控制叉簧动作流程图;图10是本发明第一种实施例的手柄——计算机音频信号输入输出流程图;图11是本发明第二种实施例的系统硬件结构组成方框示意图;图12是本发明第二种实施例的系统软件模块组成方框示意图;图13是本发明第二种实施例的手柄——计算机音频信号输入输出流程图。 Figure 1 is a system block diagram of a hardware configuration example of the composition of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a block schematic diagram of a first embodiment of the system software module embodiment of the present invention compositions; FIG. 3 is a software of the present invention, the control fork spring flowchart of signal processing; FIG. 4 is a flowchart of the software signal processing keyboard control of the present invention; FIG. 5 is a calling number of a signal processing flowchart of the present invention; FIG. 6 is a recording signal processing flowchart of the present invention; FIG. 7 telephone audio signal is a signaling flowchart of a process according to the present invention; FIG. 8 is a flowchart of the computer displays the speech signal processing according to the present invention; FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing the operation of the hook of the control software of the present invention; FIG. 10 is a first embodiment of the present invention the embodiment of the handle - computer audio signal input and output flowchart; FIG. 11 is a hardware configuration example of the block diagram of a second embodiment of the present invention the composition; FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the present invention, software modules embodiment the composition block ; FIG. 13 is a handle of a second embodiment of the present invention - a flowchart of a computer input and output audio signal.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

参见图1所示的本发明第一种实施例的系统硬件结构组成方框示意图。 The first embodiment of the hardware configuration of a system embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 1 a block schematic Referring composition. 本发明是一种与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其包括含有手柄、机座、普通电话线接口的电话机2和微型计算机10,该微型计算机10通过其USB接口,以及USB线缆、USB接口电路11、微控制器电路,与电话机2接续,使该电话机成为一个相对独立的、受该微型计算机软件控制其操作的计算机外部设备。 The present invention is a microcomputer with a computer software controlled telephone connection, which includes a handle comprising, base, ordinary telephone 2 and telephone line interface microcomputer 10, the microcomputer 10 through its USB interface, and USB cable , USB interface circuit 11, microcontroller circuit, the telephone connection 2, so that the telephone set becomes a relatively independent, external computer apparatus by the microcomputer software controlling its operation. 该电话机在微型计算机关机时,可以作为普通电话机使用;在微型计算机开机时,则由微型计算机内部软件通过USB接口和微控制器电路中的软件控制的叉簧电路13、14、软件控制的键盘电路15、数模转换电路16和模数转换电路17来完成摘机、拨号、挂机、语音播放、录音、主叫号码显示与管理、电话音频信号信令分析与可视化操作,使该电话机成为微型计算机的外部设备。 The telephone off when the microcomputer can be used as a normal telephone set; when the microcomputer power, internal software control by the microcomputer via the USB interface circuit and microcontroller software hook switch circuit 13, control software the keyboard circuit 15, digital to analog conversion circuit 16, and analog-digital conversion circuit 17 to complete hook, dialing, hangs up, the voice playback, recording, and management of caller ID, telephone audio signal signaling analysis and visualization, so that the telephone machine becomes an external device microcomputer.

本发明的两个软件控制的叉簧电路13、14中的一个软件控制的叉簧电路13是与电话机的叉簧电路26相串联,而另外一个软件控制的叉簧电路14则是以并联方式跨接在上述两个串联的叉簧电路13、26的两端。 Hook circuit 13, a software hook two circuit control software of the present invention, the control circuit 13 is hook telephone set 26 connected in series and a further hook circuit 14 is controlled by software in parallel hook way connected across the two circuits 13, 26 in series. 其中由软件控制的键盘电路15是与电话机的键盘电路23并联在一起的。 Wherein the control circuit 15 by the software keyboard is a keyboard and the telephone circuit 23 connected together in parallel. 而数模转换电路16和模数转换电路17是分别并联连接在电话机中的手柄28的输出输入接线上。 And digital to analog conversion circuit 16, and analog-digital conversion circuit 17 is a parallel output connected to the telephone input connection of the handle 28, respectively. 微控制器12还与电话机2中的主叫号码识别电路25相连接,以将主叫电话号码送至微型计算机10处理和显示。 The microcontroller 12 is also connected to the 25 in the telephone calling number identification circuit 2, the calling telephone number is sent to the microcomputer 10 and the display processing. 本发明的电话机部分由PSTN电话线供电,而USB接口电路及微控制器电路部分则由微型计算机通过USB接口供电,两套电源在数模转换电路和模数转换电路处共地。 Telephone part of the present invention is powered by the PSTN telephone line, and the USB interface circuit and microcontroller circuit portion by a microcomputer powered through the USB interface, a total of two sets of power conversion circuit in the digital to analog conversion and analog to digital circuits.

参见图2所示的本发明的第一种实施例的系统软件模块组成方框示意图;本发明微型计算机10中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块30,电话号簿管理模块31,拨号模块32,通话进程分析与可视化模块33,电话录音管理模块34,电话录音模块35,计算机语音播放模块39,通话管理模块36,主叫号码显示模块37和USB通信模块38。 A first software module system embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG 2 Referring to a block diagram composition; software of the present invention, the microcomputer 10 is a modular structure, the software comprising: a main control module 30, telephone directory management module 31, a dialing module 32, call progress analysis and visualization module 33, a voice recording management module 34, a voice recording module 35, a computer voice playback module 39, the call management module 36, caller ID module 37 and the USB communication module 38. 同样地,微控制器电路中的软件也为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块40,录音数据采样模块41,计算机语音播放模块42,拨号模块43,主叫号码识别模块44和USB通信模块45。 Likewise, the microcontroller circuit is a modular software architecture, the software comprising: a main control module 40, the recording data sampling block 41, the computer voice playback module 42, a dialing module 43, a calling number identification module 44 and a USB the communication module 45. 本发明微型计算机软件控制电话机是采用软件分析电话机中的音频信号信令,并在微型计算机屏幕上以提示框的形式显示该音频信号信令的名称,从而实现电话音频信号信令的可视化。 The microcomputer of the present invention is the use of the telephone control software, software analyzes the audio signal to telephone signaling, and displays the name of the audio signal signaling the microcomputer on the screen in the form of boxes, telephone audio signal to achieve visual signaling . 本发明以提示框形式进行提示的电话音频信号信令的名称包括有:拨号音、回铃音、忙音、长途电话通知音、催挂音、特种拨号音、拥塞音、空号音和呼入等待音。 Name telephone audio signal signaling prompted the present invention in the form of balloons include: dial tone, ring back tone, busy tone, long-distance call notification sound, sound reminder hanging, a special dial tone, congestion tone, ringing tone and empty waiting tone.

参见图3,本发明的软件控制的叉簧电路13、14是通过微型计算机软件发出控制信号,再经由USB接口给微控制器,微控制器接收到该控制信号之后发出与此相对应的逻辑电平来控制继电器的线包,从而控制继电器触点的接通和断开来实现叉簧的接通和断开操作。 Issued corresponding to this logic after 3, the hook switch circuit 13, the control software of the present invention, a control signal is sent by the microcomputer software, and then receives the control signal via the USB interface to the microcontroller, the microcontroller controlling the level of line package relay to control the relay contacts on and off to achieve on and off operation of the hook.

参见图4,本发明的软件控制的键盘电路15是通过微型计算机软件发出控制信号,再经由USB接口给微控制器,微控制器接收到所拨的电话号码,并发出与此相对应的逻辑电平来控制光电隔离芯片触发端的闭路和开路,从而控制另一端的光敏三极管的导通和断开来完成相应按键的操作。 Referring to FIG. 4, the control software of the present invention, the keyboard circuit 15 is a control signal sent by the microcomputer software, and then receives the dialed telephone number via the USB interface to the microcontroller, the microcontroller, and issue logic corresponding thereto to control the level of optical isolation chip trigger closed and an open end, so as to control the other end of the photosensitive transistor on and off to complete the operation of the corresponding key.

本发明有两种实施例,每种实施例都由两部分组成:1、系统硬件;2、系统软件。 There are two kinds of embodiments of the present invention, each of the embodiments consists of two parts: a system hardware; 2, the system software. 第一种实施例参见图1,系统硬件由如下部分组成:微型计算机10是系统控制中心,对电话机的拨号、通话等进行管理,实现电话机的人性化、可视化,使电话更为快捷和方便。 The first embodiment] Referring to FIG. 1, the system consists of the following hardware components: a microcomputer system 10 is the control center of the telephone dialing, call management, etc., humanize telephone, visualization, and to make more efficient telephone Convenience. USB接口电路11及其通信电缆是微型计算机10和微控制器12的通信通道。 USB interface circuit 11 is a microcomputer and a communication cable 10 and the communication passage 12 of the microcontroller. 微控制器12是硬件电路控制中心,控制各种基本电路,直接完成电话机的各种操作。 The microcontroller 12 is a hardware circuit control center, all the basic control circuit, the direct telephone complete the various operations. 软件控制的叉簧电路13或14是由微型计算机软件控制的叉簧,可以实现软件摘机和软件挂机。 Software controlled hook circuit 13 or 14 is controlled by a microcomputer hook software, the software may be implemented off-hook and on-hook software. 具体电路参见图3,它是由继电器来完成所需功能,其线包是由软件控制的逻辑电路来控制,而其触点就是软件控制的叉簧。 DETAILED circuit Referring to Figure 3, it is required to complete a relay function, which is controlled by line package software control logic, while the hook switch contact is software controlled. 本系统共有两个软件控制叉簧,其中一个由软件控制的叉簧是与电话机的叉簧串联在一起的,而另外一个则以并联的形式跨接在上述两个串联的叉簧电路的两端。 This system consists of two software controlled hook, wherein a software controlled hook telephone hook is connected together in series, and another form of places across the parallel circuit of the two hook series of both ends. 具体动作流程可参见图9。 See specific operation flow of FIG. 软件控制的键盘电路15是由微型计算机软件控制的拨号电路,可以实现由软件控制键盘。 Software keyboard control circuit 15 is controlled by a finger circuit microcomputer software, the software may be implemented by a keyboard controlled. 具体电路参见图4,主要功能有一个光电隔离芯片来完成,其触发端的发光二极管由软件控制的逻辑电路来控制,光敏三极管的集电极、发射极两端分别连接电话机键盘的行线和列线,从而可以由逻辑电平来控制电话机键盘行线和列线的接通与断开,实现拨号。 DETAILED circuit 4, a main function of optical isolation chip to complete, which triggers the end of the light emitting diode is controlled by a software-controlled logic circuit, the collector of the phototransistor, across emitter respectively connected to the telephone keypad row and column line, which can be controlled by the logic level of the telephone keypad row and column lines is turned OFF and for dialing. 主叫号码识别电路25用于实现来电显示。 Caller identification circuit 25 for implementing caller ID. 模数转换电路17用于实现电话电路的音频采样,采样频率为8KHz,采样精度为8bit,是实现电话录音的基本电路。 Analog to digital converter 17 for realizing the audio samples of the telephone circuit, the sampling frequency is 8KHz sampling precision is 8bit, the basic circuit implementation is call recording. 其电路包括有功率转换电路,实现信号的放大与缩小。 The circuit comprises a power conversion circuit, zoom in and out of the signal. 数模转换电路16用于提供微型计算机中的语音数据经该电路送入手柄28,可以实现微型计算机语音提示或回放。 Digital to analog conversion circuit 16 for providing the voice data through the microcomputer circuit into the handle 28, a microcomputer may be implemented or playback voice prompts. 其电路包括有功率转换电路,实现信号的放大与缩小。 The circuit comprises a power conversion circuit, zoom in and out of the signal. 手柄转换电路27是一个五刀双掷开关,当拨向电话机电路一边时,可以实现拨打PSTN电话;当拨向另一边时,手柄28可以作为微型计算机音频信号的输入输出通道。 Handle converting circuit 27 is a five-pole double-throw switch, while the circuit when the dial telephone, PSTN telephone call may be implemented; allocated to the other side when the handle 28 can be used as input and output channels of the microcomputer of the audio signal. 其中一刀的两个静接点分别接电源和地,其动接点接入微控制器,当开关被拨动时,微控制器检测其逻辑电平,以便用于检测五刀双掷开关中动接点当前所处的状态。 Wherein two stationary contacts are connected to the power supply and the knife, the movable contact access microcontroller which, when the switch is struck, the microcontroller detects that the logic level to be used for detecting five SPDT switch movable contact the state is currently located. 电话机2中的基本电路没有较大改动,这样在微型计算机关机或微型计算机软件未启动时可以实现普通电话机的功能。 The telephone circuit 2 is not substantially larger changes, so that the microcomputer software is turned off or does not start the microcomputer ordinary telephone function can be achieved.

参见图2,本发明第一种实施例的系统软件由两部分组成:一、微型计算机软件3:系统控制的核心,使用者与系统交互的人机界面。 Software Referring to Figure 2, a first embodiment of the present invention consists of two parts: First, the microcomputer 3 software: the core, the system user via an interactive system control interface. 由以下几部分组成:(1)主控模块30:用以管理人机界面和其它模块。 It consists of the following components: (1) control module 30: man-machine interface for managing and other modules. (2)电话号簿管理模块31:电话号簿的管理模块,实现电话号簿数据的添加、删除、修改和查询。 (2) telephone book management module 31: telephone directory management module, add the telephone directory data, delete, modify and query. (3)拨号模块32:用以微型计算机软件实现拨号功能,将所拨号码经USB接口送往微控制器实现拨号。 (3) dialing module 32: for dialing the microcomputer software, the dialed number will be sent via the USB interface to dial-up the microcontroller. (4)电话录音管理模块34:用以实现启动电话录音和实现电话录音数据的管理(查询、删除和回放)。 (4) telephone recording management module 34: Start to achieve and manage telephone recording telephone recording data (search, delete and playback). (5)电话录音模块35:实现音频数据的接收、压缩和存储。 (5) telephone recording module 35: the receiving audio data implemented, compressed and stored. (6)通话进程分析与可视化模块33:用软件来分析当前的电话音频信号信令,包括分析拨号音、回铃音、忙音、长途电话通知音、催挂音、特种拨号音、拥塞音、空号音、呼入等待音等,分析当前的通信进程,以提示框的形式通过计算机屏幕给用户可视化提示,由使用者做出选择或软件自动响应。 (6) Process call analysis and visualization module 33: using software to analyze the signaling current telephone audio signal, comprising analyzing a dial tone, ring back tone, busy tone, long-distance call notification sound, sound reminder hanging, a special dial tone, congestion tone, empty tone, ringing tones, etc. to wait to analyze the current communication process, in the form of boxes to the user a visual cue on a computer screen, or software selected by the user to make an automatic response. (7)通话管理模块36:实现对通话时间和通话费用的显示、记录和存储。 (7) Call Management Module 36: realize displaying Call time and costs, and record storage. (8)主叫号码显示模块37:用以来电显示。 (8) Caller ID module 37: for Caller ID. (9)USB通信模块38:微型计算机软件和微控制器软件的通信通道,微型计算机的各种控制命令、微控制器的各种应答信号以及微控制器的音频采样数据全部由这条通道输入输出。 (9) USB communication module 38: a communication channel microcomputer software and microcontroller software, various control commands microcomputer, various audio sample data and the response signal of the microcontroller from the microcontroller that all input channels output. (10)计算机语音播放模块39:计算机语音播放模块提取提示语音或电话录音等语音数据,经USB接口下传给微控制器,通过数模转换后送到手柄,实现微型计算机语音提示功能或微型计算机语音数据的播放。 (10) The computer voice playback module 39: module extracts the voice playback computer or telephone voice prompt voice recording and other data, transmitted via the USB interface, microcontroller, digital to analog conversion by the handle to achieve the microcomputer or micro voice prompts play computer voice data.

二、微控制器软件4:用以接收微型计算机的各种控制命令,实时地控制各个逻辑电路,完成各种不同操作。 Second, the micro-controller software 4: microcomputer for receiving various control commands, each of the control logic circuit in real time, perform various operations. 主要由以下几部分组成:(1)主控模块40:用以管理其它模块。 Consists of the following components: (1) control module 40: for managing other modules. (2)录音数据采样模块41:用以音频信号的模数转换,然后将采样数据实时传送给微型计算机处理,实现电话录音。 (2) Recording data sampling module 41: module for converting the audio signal, and then transmits real-time sampling data to the microcomputer processing, call recording. (3)微型计算机语音播放模块42:微控制器接收从微型计算机下传的提示语音或电话录音等语音数据,经数模转换后送入手柄,可以实现微型计算机语音提示或回放。 (3) The microcomputer 42 voice playback module: receiving voice prompts microcontroller or telephone voice data transmission, etc. recorded in the microcomputer from, after digital-analog conversion into a handle, a microcomputer may be implemented or playback voice prompts. (4)拨号模块43:接收微型计算机下传的拨号信号,控制软件控制的键盘电路,实现软件拨号。 (4) a dialing module 43: The microcomputer receiving the transmitted dialing signal, the control circuit software control of keyboard, dial-up software implemented. (5)主叫号码识别模块44:逻辑电路接收主叫号码信号,识别后上传给微型计算机显示。 (5) calling number identification module 44: a logic circuit receiving a calling number signal, the identification display uploaded to the microcomputer. (6)USB通信模块45:微型计算机软件和微控制器软件的通信通道,微型计算机的各种控制命令、微控制器的各种应答信号以及微控制器的音频采样数据全部由这条通道输入输出。 (6) USB communication module 45: a communication channel microcomputer software and microcontroller software, various control commands microcomputer, various audio sample data and the response signal of the microcontroller from the microcontroller that all input channels output.

下面说明几个重要信号的流程:参见图3,微型计算机发出信号(挂机或摘机),经USB接口下传给微控制器,微控制器软件发出控制电平(逻辑高或逻辑低),控制继电器线包里的电流(有或无),从而控制继电器触点的状态(接通或断开)来实现软件控制叉簧的功能。 The following describes a few important process signal: Referring to FIG 3, the microcomputer sends a signal (on-hook or off-hook), transmitted via the USB interface, the microcontroller, the microcontroller sends a control software level (logic high or logic low), line current relay control bag (with or without) to control the state of the relay contact (ON or OFF) to implement software control of the function hook. 具体动作流程参见图9。 Referring specific operation flow of FIG.

参见图4,微型计算机发出软件拨号信号,拨号信号和所拨号码经USB接口下传给微控制器,微控制器软件将所拨号码编码后送给译码器译码输出逻辑电平去控制光电隔离芯片的触发端来控制光敏三极管的接通和断开,光敏三极管的集电极和发射极两端接电话机键盘的行线和列线,从而实现软件按键功能。 Referring to FIG 4, the microcomputer dialing signal issuing software, dial signal and a dialed number via the USB interface to pass the microcontroller, the microcontroller software to the dialed number decoder to decode encoded output logic level to control trigger terminal to control the optical isolation phototransistor chip on and off, both ends of the collector and emitter of phototransistor connected telephone keypad row and column lines, thereby realizing the software key function.

参见图5,主叫号码信号经主叫号码识别电路识别后通过USB接口上传给微型计算机显示。 Referring to Figure 5, after the caller ID signal identifying the calling number identification circuit via the USB interface display uploaded to the microcomputer.

参见图6,微控制器在手柄耳机处采样,经模数转换成数字音频信号,通过USB接口送入微型计算机进行压缩存储,实现电话录音功能。 Referring to Figure 6, the microcontroller samples the handle headset, the audio signal is converted into a digital module, for storing compressed into the microcomputer through the USB interface, call recording.

参见图7,通信进程音频信号信令出现在手柄耳机处,经模数转换,通过USB接口送入微型计算机,再由计算机软件进行分析,从而分析出当前的通信进程,以提示框的形式提示在微型计算机屏幕上。 Referring to Figure 7, a communication process of the audio signal occurs at the handle signaling earpiece, the analog to digital conversion, into the microcomputer through the USB interface, and then analyzed by a computer software to analyze the current communication process, displays an error message frame on the micro-computer screen.

参见图8,计算机软件从微型计算机存储器中提取语音数据,通过USB接口下传至微控制器,再经数模转换后送入电话机手柄。 Referring to Figure 8, computer software extracted from the microcomputer memory, the voice data, transmitted via the USB interface, the microcontroller, after digital to analog conversion and then fed to telephone handle.

参见图9,当五刀双掷开关拨向PSTN电话机一端时,微型计算机软件发出控制信号,通过USB接口下传至微控制器,微控制器作出响应动作,使串联的软件控制的叉簧电路处于闭路状态;而并联的软件控制的叉簧电路分为两种情况,当微型计算机实现软件摘机功能时,信号通过USB接口下传至微控制器,微控制器作出响应,使并联的软件控制的叉簧电路处于闭路状态,接通电话;当计算机实现软件挂机功能时,信号通过USB接口下传至微控制器,微控制器作出响应,使并联的软件控制的叉簧电路处于开路状态,切断电话。 Referring to Figure 9, when five SPDT switch to the PSTN telephone end, the microcomputer software control signals, transmitted via the USB interface, the microcontroller, in response to the operation of the microcontroller, so that the series of software-controlled hook circuit in a closed state; the hook parallel circuit control software is divided into two cases, when the microcomputer software implemented off-hook function, signal to the microcontroller via the USB interface, responsive to the microcontroller, the parallel of software controlled hook in a closed circuit state, the phone is turned on; when the computer implemented software hook function signal to the microcontroller via the USB interface, responsive to the microcontroller, so that a software controlled hook parallel circuit in the open state, cut off the telephone. 当五刀双掷开关拨向声卡接口或悬空端时,微型计算机软件发出控制信号,通过USB接口下传至微控制器,微控制器作出响应动作,使串联的软件控制的叉簧和并联的软件控制的叉簧全部处于开路状态,防止PSTN上的电话信号信令进入手柄。 When the five SPDT switch in the interface or sound card to a free end, the microcomputer software control signals, transmitted via the USB interface, the microcontroller, in response to the operation of the microcontroller, so that the hook and parallel series of control software all software controlled hook in the open state, to prevent the signaling on the PSTN telephone signals into the handle.

参见图10,在第一种实施例中,当五刀双掷开关拨向声卡接口一端时,微型计算机软件控制的叉簧切断手柄与PSTN的联系,此时手柄通过声卡与微型计算机建立起两条相对独立的通道。 Referring to FIG 10, in a first embodiment, when the five SPDT switch to the one end of the interface card, the microcomputer software control handle and cut off hook PSTN, in which case the handle through the sound card and the microcomputer to establish two relatively independent of the channel strip. 模拟音频信号经手柄麦克转换成电信号,通过与声卡接口的连线送入声卡给微型计算机处理;微型计算机音频信号经声卡处理后通过与手柄的连线,送入手柄耳机转换为模拟音频信号。 Mike handle analog audio signal into an electrical signal into the sound card via line interface card to the microcomputer processing; microcomputer processed audio signal by the sound card via line of the handle, the handle into the headset into an analog audio signal .

本发明的第二种实施例的硬件结构参见图11,系统硬件中的手柄转换电路27做了改动,它有了一套自己的相对独立的计算机软件驱动程序,其音频信号的输入输出不再通过声卡,而是通过数模的相互转换电路16、17、USB接口与微型计算机10建立起一条相对独立的音频输入输出通道。 Referring to FIG hardware configuration of a second embodiment of the present invention 11, the system handles hardware changes made converting circuit 27, which has its own set of independent computer software driver, which outputs the input audio signal is no longer through the sound card, but by the digital-analog conversion circuit 16,17, USB interface to the microcomputer 10 to establish an independent audio input and output channels. 这样在手柄转换电路27中,五刀双掷开关的另一端就不用接声卡的麦克接口和扬声器接口,只要悬空就行了。 Such conversion circuit 27 of the handle, the other end of the five SPDT switch contact would not have a sound card interfaces microphone and speaker interface, as long dangling on the line. 系统软件也有改动,参见图12,微型计算机软件3增加了一个计算机手柄驱动程序模块3A,用以微型计算机驱动手柄,使之成为微型计算机音频输入输出的设备。 System software also changes, see FIG. 12, the microcomputer 3 adds a computer software driver module handle. 3A, a microcomputer for driving handle, making audio input and output devices of the microcomputer. 微控制器软件4增添了音频输入模块46和音频输出模块47,控制模数转换电路17和数模转换电路16,用以当手柄28作为微型计算机音频输入输出设备时,作为音频输入输出的通道。 4 the microcontroller software adds audio input module 46 and the audio output module 47, the control circuit 17 to analog to digital conversion and digital to analog conversion circuit 16, when the handle 28 to the audio input and output devices as a microcomputer, as the audio input and output channels .

参见图13,在实施例二的方案中,当五刀双掷开关27拨向悬空的一端时,微型计算机软件控制的叉簧电路13切断手柄28与PSTN的联系,此时手柄28通过USB接口与微型计算机10建立起两条相对独立的微型计算机音频输入输出通道。 Referring to Figure 13, in the second embodiment of the embodiment, when the five SPDT switch 27 allocated to the free end, the hook switch circuit 13 of the microcomputer software control handle 28 associated with the cutting the PSTN, when the handle 28 through the USB interface the microcomputer 10 to establish two independent microcomputers audio input and output channels. 模拟音频信号经手柄28转换为电信号,再经模数转换电路17送入微控制器12,通过USB接口上传至微型计算机10手柄驱动程序模块3A,交由微型计算机10处理。 The analog audio signal is converted into an electrical signal by the handle 28, and then fed to the microcontroller 17 via the analog-digital conversion circuit 12, a handle 10 is uploaded to the microcomputer 3A driver module through the USB interface, the microcomputer 10 processes referred to. 微型计算机10的音频信号则经微型计算机手柄驱动程序模块处理后,通过USB接口下传至微控制器,再经数模转换电路16后送入手柄耳机,转换为模拟音频信号。 The microcomputer 10 of the audio signals after the microcomputer handle driver module for processing, transmitted via the USB interface to the microcontroller, then after digital to analog conversion circuit 16 into the handle headset, into an analog audio signal.

第二实施例的其它硬件电路、软件模块、信号流程和动作流程都与第一实施例的情况基本相同,在此不再赘述。 Other hardware circuit of the second embodiment, a software module, and an operation signal flow processes are substantially the same as the case of the first embodiment are not repeated here.

Claims (12)

1.一种与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,包括含有手柄、机座、普通电话线接口的电话机和微型计算机,其特征在于:该微型计算机通过其USB接口,以及USB线缆、USB接口电路、微控制器电路与电话机接续,其中微控制器电路中包括有:与USB接口电路连接的微控制器,以及分别与该微控制器连接的两个软件控制的叉簧电路,一个软件控制的键盘电路,一个数模转换电路和一个模数转换电路;所述的两个软件控制的叉簧电路中的一个软件控制的叉簧电路与电话机的叉簧电路相串联,另一个软件控制的叉簧电路以并联方式跨接在上述两个串联的叉簧电路的两端;所述的软件控制的键盘电路与电话机的键盘电路并联在一起;所述的数模转换电路和模数转换电路分别以并联形式连接在电话机手柄的音频信号输出输入接线上;所述的微控制器还与电 A connection with the telephone control microcomputer computer software, including a handle comprising, base, telephone and the microcomputer normal telephone line interface, wherein: the microcomputer through its USB interface, and a USB cable, USB interface circuit, and the telephone circuit connection microcontroller, wherein the microcontroller circuit comprises: a microcontroller connected to the USB interface circuit, and a hook switch circuit are respectively connected to the two software control of the microcontroller, a software keyboard control circuit, a digital to analog conversion circuit and an analog to digital converter; hook switch circuit and hook the telephone circuit a software hook switch control circuit according to the two software control in series, the other a software controlled hook circuit in parallel across the both ends of the series circuit of the two hook; keyboard circuit connected in parallel to the keyboard circuit of the telephone control software together; said digital to analog conversion circuit the audio signal output terminal and the input analog to digital converter is connected in parallel to form a handle telephone; the microcontroller also electrically 机中的主叫号码识别电路相连接,以将主叫电话号码通过USB接口送至微型计算机中,由微型计算机进行显示和管理;该电话机作为所述的微型计算机的外部设备,由软件控制的叉簧电路完成摘机和挂机,由软件控制的键盘电路完成拨号,由模数转换电路和数模转换电路完成语音播放和录音,模数转换电路还对电话通话过程中出现在手柄耳机处的通信进程音频信号信今进行模数转换,再通过USB接口送入微型计算机,由微型计算机分析当前的通信进程,并以提示框的形式提示在微型计算机屏幕上,由此实现电话音频信号信令的可视化操作。 Machine calling number identification circuit is connected to the calling telephone number via the USB interface to the microcomputer, display and management of a microcomputer; the phone as an external device of the microcomputer, is controlled by software the hook-hook and off-hook circuit is completed, the control circuit is completed by the software keyboard dialing, the analog to digital converters and digital to analog circuits to implement the voice recording and playback, analog-digital conversion circuit further telephone call occurred handle earpiece process communication signaling the audio signal analog to digital conversion, and then sent to the microcomputer via the USB interface, the current communication process of analysis by the microcomputer, and displays an error message on the frame of a microcomputer screen, thereby enabling the telephone audio band signal order visualization.
2.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述电话机的手柄上接有一个五刀双掷开关的倒换控制盒,其中四刀的动接点分别与电话机手柄上的两根麦克音频信号线和两根耳机音频信号线相连接,其两组静接点则分别与电话机内的通话电路音频信号接口和该电话机内设置的一组与微型计算机声卡接口相连接的接点相连接,可以实现手柄输入输出的音频信号在普通PSTN电话机输入输出音频信号和声卡输入输出音频信号之间相互切换;另外一刀的两个静接点分别连接电源和地,其动接点接入微控制器,用来检测双掷开关动接点当前所处的状态。 Wherein the movable contact blade of the four switch control box connected with a five-pole double throw switch on the handle of the telephone,: as claimed in continuous with the microcomputer software computer control of the telephone in claim 1, characterized in that microphone are connected to two audio signals on the telephone line and two handle headphone audio signal lines, two sets of stationary contacts which are respectively provided with the audio call signal interface circuit and the telephone within a telephone set and the microcomputer contacts connected to an interface card is connected to handle input and output audio signals may be implemented to switch between an ordinary PSTN telephone input audio signal and output audio signal input and output card; additional two stationary knife contacts and are connected to power supply to which the movable contact access microcontroller, double-throw switch for detecting the state of the movable contact is currently located.
3.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的软件控制的叉簧电路是通过计算机软件发出控制信号,经由USB接口电路给微控制器、微控制器接收到该控制信号之后,发出与此相对应的逻辑电平来控制叉簧的接通和断开操作。 3. The connection of the microcomputer software computer control of the telephone set of claim 1, wherein: the hook switch control circuit is the software sends a control signal through the computer software, via the USB interface circuit to the microcontroller, after the microcontroller receives the control signal, issue logic level corresponding thereto to control the on and off operation of the hook.
4.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的软件控制的键盘电路是通过计算机软件发出控制信号,经由USB接口电路给微控制器,微控制器接收到所拨的电话号码,发出与此相对应的逻辑电平来控制相关按键的操作。 4. The connection of the microcomputer software computer control of the telephone set of claim 1, wherein: the software of the control circuit of the keyboard is sent by the computer software control signal, via the USB interface circuit to a microcontroller, a microcomputer the controller receives the dialed telephone number, and issues an operation of this logic level corresponding to the associated control buttons.
5.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的计算机软件控制电话机中的电话机部分由PSTN电话线供电,USB接口电路及微控制器电路部分则由微型计算机通过USB接口供电,两套电源共地。 5. The connection of the microcomputer software computer control of the telephone set according to claim 1, wherein: the computer software in the control part of the phone by the telephone PSTN telephone line power, USB interface circuit and a microcontroller by the microcomputer circuit portion powered through the USB interface, two common ground power.
6.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的微型计算机中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,电话号簿管理模块,拨号模块,通话进程分析与可视化模块,电话录音模块,电话录音管理模块,计算机语音播放模块,通话管理模块,主叫号码显示模块和USB通信模块。 6. The connection of the microcomputer software computer control of the telephone set of claim 1, wherein: said microcomputer software modular architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, telephone directory management module, the module dialing, call progress analysis and visualization module, the module telephone recording, telephone recording management module, the computer voice playback module, call management module, caller ID display module and USB communication module.
7.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的微控制器电路中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,录音数据采样模块,计算机语音播放模块,拨号模块,主叫号码识别模块和USB通信模块。 7. The connection of the microcomputer software computer control of the telephone set according to claim 1, wherein: said microcontroller circuit in a modular software architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, the recorded data sampling module, computer voice playback module, dial module, a calling number identification module and the USB communication module.
8.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的微型计算机软件控制电话机在微型计算机屏幕上以提示框形式将信今分析的结果显示出来的电话音频信号信令包括有:拨号音、回铃音、忙音、长途电话通知音、催挂音、特种拨号音、拥塞音、空号音和呼入等待音。 8. The connection of the microcomputer software computer control of the telephone set of claim 1, wherein: said microcomputer software control box to prompt the telephone signaling form of analysis results displayed on the screen of the microcomputer the telephone audio signal signaling include: dial tone, ring back tone, busy tone, long-distance phone call sound, sound reminders hanging, a special dial tone, congestion tone, empty tone and incoming call waiting tone.
9.如权利要求1所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述电话机的手柄上接有一个五刀双掷开关的倒换控制盒,其中四刀的动接点与电话机手柄上的两根麦克音频信号线和两根耳机音频信号线相连接,其两组静接点中的一组与电话机内的通话电路音频信号接口相接续,而另外一组为悬空端;当五刀双掷开关的倒换控制盒的动接点切换到与悬空端相接续时,电话机的手柄成为微型计算机音频信号输入输出的外围设备;另外一刀的两个静接点分别连接电源和地,其动接点接入微控制器,用来检测双掷开关动接点当前所处的状态。 Connection with the microcomputer 9. The computer software of Claim 1 telephone control, characterized in that: said handle has a telephone switch control box connected to a five-pole double-throw switch, wherein the movable contact of four knives two microphone connected to the audio signal on the telephone line and two handle headphone audio signal line, a set of telephone calls within an audio signal interface circuit which stationary contacts in two successive phases, while the other group was suspended end; the movable contact when the switch control box five SPDT switch is switched to the connection with the vacant end, the handle becomes telephone microcomputer peripherals input and output an audio signal; additional two stationary knife contacts and are connected to power supply to which the movable contact access microcontroller, double-throw switch for detecting the state of the movable contact is currently located.
10.如权利要求9所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的微型计算机中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,电话号码簿管理模块,拨号模块,通话进程分析与可视化模块,电话录音模块,电话录音管理模块,计算机语音播放模块,通话管理模块,计算机手柄驱动程序模块,主叫号码显示模块和USB通信模块。 Connection with the microcomputer 10. The computer software of claim 9 control telephone, wherein: said microcomputer software modular architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, telephone directory management module, dial module, process the call analysis and visualization module, a voice recording module, a telephone recording management module, a computer module voice playback, call management module, a computer module handle driver, calling number display module and the USB communication module.
11.如权利要求9所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:所述的微控制器电路中的软件为模块化结构,其软件包括有:主控模块,录音数据采样模块,计算机语音播放模块,拨号模块,主叫号码识别模块,音频输入模块,音频输出模块和USB通信模块。 Connection with the microcomputer 11. The computer software of claim 9 control telephone, wherein: said microcontroller circuit in a modular software architecture, the software comprising: a main control module, the recorded data sampling module, computer voice playback module, dial module, a calling number identification module, an audio input module, the audio output module and the USB communication module.
12.如权利要求2所述的与微型计算机接续的计算机软件控制电话机,其特征在于:当五刀双掷开关拨向PSTN电话机一端时,其当前状态由微控制器检测,经USB接口上传至所述的微型计算机,该微型计算机再通过USB接口发出控制信号,使串联的软件控制的叉簧电路处于闭路状态;当五刀双掷开关拨向声卡接口时,其当前状态由微控制器检测,经USB接口上传至所述的微型计算机,该微型计算机再通过USB接口发出控制信号,使串联的软件控制的叉簧电路和并联的软件控制叉簧电路全部处于开路状态。 Connection with the microcomputer 12. The computer software of claim 2 control telephone, wherein: when five SPDT switch to the PSTN telephone end, its current state is detected by the microcontroller, via the USB interface uploaded to the microcomputer, the microcomputer then sends a control signal through the USB interface to the software controlled hook series circuit in a closed state; five when the SPDT switch to the interface card, which is controlled by a micro-current state detection, uploaded to the interface via the USB microcomputer, the microcomputer then sends a control signal through the USB interface to the software hook circuit and a parallel series of software controlled by the control circuit all the hook in an open state.
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