CN114572010A - Energy-saving buffer for new energy automobile - Google Patents

Energy-saving buffer for new energy automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114572010A
CN114572010A CN202210478189.XA CN202210478189A CN114572010A CN 114572010 A CN114572010 A CN 114572010A CN 202210478189 A CN202210478189 A CN 202210478189A CN 114572010 A CN114572010 A CN 114572010A
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rod
plate
ring
energy
fixedly connected
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CN202210478189.XA
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CN114572010B (en
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陈鹏
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Shenzhen Hong Fuyuan Science And Technology Co ltd
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Shenzhen Hong Fuyuan Science And Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L7/00Electrodynamic brake systems for vehicles in general
    • B60L7/10Dynamic electric regenerative braking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T1/00Arrangements of braking elements, i.e. of those parts where braking effect occurs specially for vehicles
    • B60T1/02Arrangements of braking elements, i.e. of those parts where braking effect occurs specially for vehicles acting by retarding wheels
    • B60T1/06Arrangements of braking elements, i.e. of those parts where braking effect occurs specially for vehicles acting by retarding wheels acting otherwise than on tread, e.g. employing rim, drum, disc, or transmission or on double wheels
    • B60T1/062Arrangements of braking elements, i.e. of those parts where braking effect occurs specially for vehicles acting by retarding wheels acting otherwise than on tread, e.g. employing rim, drum, disc, or transmission or on double wheels acting on transmission parts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Vibration Prevention Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of new energy automobiles, in particular to an energy-saving buffer device for a new energy automobile, which comprises a bottom plate, a U-shaped frame, a fixed guide rod, a shock pad and the like; the bottom plate top symmetry rigid coupling has the U-shaped frame, and common rigid coupling has a pair of fixed guide arm between U-shaped frame and the bottom plate, and the shock pad has been placed at the bottom plate top. When the new energy automobile coasts due to inertia, the permanent magnet synchronous motor can recover the gliding energy of the automobile, and if the speed is reduced during gliding, the pinion can drive the generator to generate electricity, so that the gliding energy of the automobile can be effectively recovered, the energy is saved, and the purpose of recovering the energy of the automobile due to inertia gliding is achieved.

Description

Energy-saving buffer for new energy automobile
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of new energy automobiles, in particular to an energy-saving buffer device for a new energy automobile.
Background
At present, the energy problem and the environmental pollution problem are continuously aggravated, and the development of new energy automobiles is an important strategy for meeting the national requirements of energy conservation, emission reduction and low-carbon economy. The new energy automobile adopts unconventional automobile fuel as a power source, has the characteristics of energy conservation and emission reduction in the using process, and is gradually popularized along with the development and utilization of new energy.
New energy automobile is at the in-process that traveles, need often brake, prior art adopts mechanical resistance to let the wheel static usually, thereby realize the braking, prior art can cause the energy waste that the vehicle slided at the in-process of braking, be unfavorable for the energy saving, and brake through mechanical resistance for a long time and can bring great wearing and tearing for the main shaft, it is inconvenient to have led to the fact normal driving, if brake when slideing, there is great inertia equally, lead to the person of taking to lean forward, thereby lead to the person of taking to experience not good.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, it is necessary to provide an energy-saving buffer device for a new energy vehicle, which can effectively recover the sliding energy of the vehicle, reduce the abrasion during braking, realize deceleration, and reduce the inertia of the vehicle during braking, so as to solve the problems that the prior art proposed in the above background art wastes the energy during sliding of the vehicle, causes large abrasion to a main shaft during braking, and has large inertia during braking.
The technical implementation scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides an energy-saving buffer for new energy automobile, including the bottom plate, still including U-shaped frame, fixed guide arm, shock pad, installation frid, resonance slow down subassembly, energy recuperation subassembly, electro-magnet control subassembly and locking buffering subassembly: the top of the bottom plate is symmetrically and fixedly connected with the U-shaped frame; a pair of fixed guide rods are fixedly connected between the U-shaped frame and the bottom plate; the damping cushion is placed at the top of the bottom plate and used for damping and buffering; the four fixing guide rods are connected with the damping pad in a sliding mode; the resonance slowing component is arranged on the mounting groove plate and used for relieving resonance and playing a role in buffering; the energy recovery assembly is arranged on the mounting groove plate and used for recovering the energy of the vehicle due to the inertia sliding; the electromagnet control assembly is arranged on the mounting groove plate; the locking buffer assembly is arranged on the mounting groove plate, and the electromagnet control assembly and the locking buffer assembly are matched together for speed reduction and braking.
More preferably, the resonance damping assembly comprises a supporting buffer spring and an extruding buffer spring, the supporting buffer spring is connected between the bottom of the installation groove plate and the bottom plate in a rectangular distribution mode, and a pair of extruding buffer springs is connected between the top of the installation groove plate and the U-shaped frame.
More preferably, the energy recovery assembly comprises a motor controller, a current control rod, a first return spring, a permanent magnet synchronous motor and a main shaft, the motor controller is fixedly connected to the top of the mounting groove plate, the current control rod is slidably connected to the right side of the motor controller, the first return spring is connected between the current control rod and the mounting groove plate, the permanent magnet synchronous motor is fixedly connected to the top of the mounting groove plate, the main shaft is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the permanent magnet synchronous motor, and the main shaft penetrates through the permanent magnet synchronous motor.
More preferably, the electromagnet control assembly comprises a brake sliding seat, a fixed guide plate, a clamping shift rod, a current transducer, a current adjusting rod, a second reset spring, a movable shift rod, a torsion spring, a trigger rod, a third reset spring and an electromagnet ring, the top of the installation groove plate is fixedly connected with the brake sliding seat, the brake sliding seat is positioned on the left side of the motor controller, the upper part of the rear side of the brake sliding seat is fixedly connected with the fixed guide plate, the fixed guide plate is slidably connected with the clamping shift rod, the top of the installation groove plate is fixedly connected with the current transducer, the current transducer is positioned between the brake sliding seat and the motor controller, one side of the upper part of the current transducer, which is close to the brake sliding seat, is slidably connected with the current adjusting rod, the current adjusting rod is contacted with the clamping shift rod, the second reset spring is connected between the clamping shift rod and the installation groove plate, the left side of the clamping shift rod is rotatably connected with the movable shift rod, and a pair of torsion springs is connected between the movable shift rod and the clamping shift rod, and a trigger rod is connected to one side of the upper part of the brake sliding seat, which is far away from the current transducer, in a sliding manner, the trigger rod is in contact with the movable deflector rod, a third reset spring is connected between the trigger rod and the mounting groove plate, and an electromagnetic ring is arranged at the left part of the spindle.
More preferably, the locking buffer assembly comprises a fixing ring, a rotating ring, sliding magnets, compression springs and a power generation part, the fixing ring is fixedly connected to the top of the mounting groove plate and is located on the left side of the permanent magnet synchronous motor, the rotating ring is rotatably connected to the inner side of the fixing ring in an inner rotating mode, three sliding magnets are slidably connected to the rotating ring in an evenly distributed mode, the compression springs are connected between the sliding magnets and the rotating ring, the power generation part is arranged on one side, away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor, of the rotating ring, and the power generation part is used for power generation.
More preferably, the sliding magnet is arc-shaped on one side close to the main shaft, and the magnetic force between the sliding magnet and the electromagnetic ring is used for increasing the load of the main shaft, so that the rotating speed of the main shaft is reduced, and the inertia of the vehicle is reduced.
More preferably, the power generation component comprises a fixed gear ring, a base, a power generator and a pinion, the fixed gear ring is fixedly connected to one side, away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor, of the rotating ring, the base is fixedly connected to one side, away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor, of the upper portion of the fixed ring, the power generator is fixedly mounted on the base, the pinion is fixedly connected to one end of an input shaft of the power generator, and the pinion is meshed with the fixed gear ring.
More preferably, the brake shoe further comprises a snubbing buffering assembly, the snubbing buffering assembly is arranged on the installation groove plate and comprises a fixed groove block, a snubbing rod, an extrusion spring, a triangular fixed plate, a fixed guide groove plate, a lifting sliding plate, a supporting spring, an L-shaped rod and a shifting block, the fixed groove block is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate, the snubbing rod is slidably connected to the upper portion of the fixed groove block, the extrusion spring is connected between the snubbing rod and the fixed groove block, the triangular fixed plate is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate and is positioned on the rear side of the fixed groove block, the fixed guide groove plate is fixedly connected to the triangular fixed plate, a parallelogram sliding groove is formed in the fixed guide groove plate, the lifting sliding plate is slidably connected to the upper portion of the triangular fixed plate, a pair of supporting springs is connected between the lifting sliding plate and the installation groove plate, the L-shaped rod is slidably connected to the top of the lifting sliding plate, and is slidably matched with the fixed guide groove plate, the fixed guide groove plate plays a role in guiding the L-shaped rod, and a shifting block is fixedly connected to the front side of the lower portion of the L-shaped rod.
More preferably, the electromagnetic ring further comprises a fixed groove ring, the main shaft is provided with the fixed groove ring, and the fixed groove ring is positioned on the right side of the electromagnetic ring.
More preferably, the outer curved surface of the fixed groove ring is provided with grooves for increasing friction.
The invention has the following advantages:
1. when the new energy automobile coasts due to inertia, the permanent magnet synchronous motor can recover the gliding energy of the automobile, and if the speed is reduced during gliding, the pinion can drive the generator to generate electricity, so that the gliding energy of the automobile can be effectively recovered, the energy is saved, and the purpose of recovering the energy of the automobile due to inertia gliding is achieved.
2. Through the magnetic force between increase electromagnetic ring and the slip magnet to the heavy burden of increase main shaft lets the vehicle speed reduction, and then alleviates the inertia of vehicle, and then can carry out the braking of slowing down through the heavy burden that increases the main shaft, has avoided the wearing and tearing that traditional mechanical braking brought.
3. Through the cooperation of shock pad, support buffer spring and extrusion buffer spring, can play the effect of shock attenuation buffering to can alleviate resonance, and then can prevent that the part on this device from droing, guarantee the normal operating of this device.
4. When the speed is reduced, the inching brake rod can carry out inching brake, so that the forward-leaning inertia effect of the vehicle during braking is reduced, the vehicle is safer and more stable during braking, and the comfort of passengers is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a third perspective view of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a resonance damping assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the energy recovery assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a first partially separated body structure of the electromagnet control assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of a second partially separated body structure of the electromagnet control assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a portion of the energy recovery assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of a first partially assembled body of a locking cushion assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of a second partial body structure of a locking buffer assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 11 is an enlarged perspective view of the present invention a.
Fig. 12 is a schematic partial perspective view of an inching brake buffer assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic perspective view of an inching brake buffer assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a partial perspective view of the present invention.
Wherein the figures include the following reference numerals: 1. a base plate, 2, a U-shaped frame, 3, a fixed guide rod, 4, a shock pad, 5, a mounting groove plate, 6, a resonance damping component, 61, a supporting buffer spring, 62, an extrusion buffer spring, 7, an energy recovery component, 71, a motor controller, 72, a current control rod, 73, a first return spring, 74, a permanent magnet synchronous motor, 75, a main shaft, 8, an electromagnet control component, 81, a brake sliding seat, 82, a fixed guide plate, 83, a clamping rod, 84, a current frequency converter, 85, a current adjusting rod, 86, a second return spring, 87, a movable driving rod, 88, a torsion spring, 89, a trigger rod, 810, a third return spring, 811, an electromagnetic ring, 9, a locking buffer component, 91, a fixed ring, 92, a rotating ring, 93, a sliding magnet, 94, a compression spring, 95, a fixed gear ring, 96, a base, 97, a generator, 98, a pinion, 10, a resonance damping component, a supporting buffer spring, 62, a compression buffer spring, 7, a current frequency converter, a current adjusting rod, a motor, snub brake buffer component 101, fixed groove block 102, snub brake rod 103, extrusion spring 104, triangle fixed plate 105, fixed guide groove plate 106, lifting slide plate 107, support spring 108, L-shaped rod 109, shifting block 11 and fixed groove ring.
Detailed Description
The standard parts used in the invention can be purchased from the market, the special-shaped parts can be customized according to the description and the description of the attached drawings, and the specific connection mode of each part adopts the conventional means of mature bolts, rivets, welding, sticking and the like in the prior art, and the detailed description is not repeated.
Example 1
An energy-saving buffer device for a new energy automobile is disclosed, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, fig. 7, fig. 8, fig. 9, fig. 10 and fig. 11, comprising a bottom plate 1, a U-shaped frame 2, fixed guide rods 3, a shock pad 4, an installation trough plate 5, a resonance slowing assembly 6, an energy recovery assembly 7, an electromagnet control assembly 8 and a locking buffer assembly 9, wherein the top of the bottom plate 1 is symmetrically and fixedly connected with the U-shaped frame 2, a pair of fixed guide rods 3 are fixedly connected between the U-shaped frame 2 and the bottom plate 1, the shock pad 4 is placed on the top of the bottom plate 1, the shock pad 4 is used for shock absorption and buffering, the installation trough plate 5 is connected between the four fixed guide rods 3 in a sliding manner, the installation trough plate 5 is positioned above the shock pad 4, the resonance slowing assembly 6 is arranged on the installation trough plate 5, the resonance slowing assembly 6 is used for reducing resonance and preventing parts from falling off, the energy recovery assembly 7 is arranged on the installation trough plate 5, the energy recovery assembly 7 is used for recovering energy of the vehicle due to inertia sliding, the electromagnet control assembly 8 is arranged on the installation groove plate 5, the locking buffer assembly 9 is arranged on the installation groove plate 5, and the locking buffer assembly 9 is used for speed reduction braking.
The resonance buffering assembly 6 comprises a supporting buffer spring 61 and an extruding buffer spring 62, the supporting buffer spring 61 is connected between the bottom of the installation groove plate 5 and the bottom plate 1 in a rectangular distribution mode, a pair of extruding buffer springs 62 is connected between the top of the installation groove plate 5 and the U-shaped frame 2, and the supporting buffer spring 61 and the extruding buffer springs 62 play a role in buffering.
The energy recovery assembly 7 comprises a motor controller 71, a current control rod 72, a first reset spring 73, a permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 and a spindle 75, the motor controller 71 is fixedly connected to the top of the mounting groove plate 5, the current control rod 72 is slidably connected to the right side of the motor controller 71, the first reset spring 73 is connected between the current control rod 72 and the mounting groove plate 5, the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 is fixedly connected to the top of the mounting groove plate 5, the motor controller 71 is used for controlling the battery pack to deliver current to the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74, the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 is used for recovering energy of the vehicle due to inertia sliding, the spindle 75 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74, and the spindle 75 penetrates through the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74.
The electromagnet control component 8 comprises a brake sliding seat 81, a fixed guide plate 82, a clamping rod 83, a current transducer 84, a current adjusting rod 85, a second reset spring 86, a movable deflector rod 87, a torsion spring 88, a trigger rod 89, a third reset spring 810 and an electromagnetic ring 811, the top of the installation groove plate 5 is fixedly connected with the brake sliding seat 81, the brake sliding seat 81 is positioned at the left side of the motor controller 71, the upper part of the rear side of the brake sliding seat 81 is connected with the fixed guide plate 82 in a welding mode, the clamping rod 83 is slidably connected on the fixed guide plate 82, the top of the installation groove plate 5 is fixedly connected with the current transducer 84, the current transducer 84 is positioned between the brake sliding seat 81 and the motor controller 71, the upper part of the current transducer 84 is slidably connected with the current adjusting rod 85 at the side close to the brake sliding seat 81, when the current adjusting rod 85 moves downwards, the current transducer 84 can increase the current, the current adjusting rod 85 is contacted with the clamping rod 83, a second reset spring 86 is connected between the clamping rod 83 and the mounting groove plate 5, a movable shift rod 87 is rotatably connected to the left side of the clamping rod 83, a pair of torsion springs 88 is connected between the movable shift rod 87 and the clamping rod 83, a trigger rod 89 is slidably connected to the upper portion of the brake slide seat 81 far away from the current transducer 84, the trigger rod 89 is used for pushing the movable shift rod 87 to move downwards, the trigger rod 89 is in contact with the movable shift rod 87, a third reset spring 810 is connected between the trigger rod 89 and the mounting groove plate 5, an electromagnetic ring 811 is arranged on the left portion of the main shaft 75, and the electromagnetic ring 811 has magnetism when being electrified.
The locking buffer assembly 9 comprises a fixed ring 91, a rotating ring 92, a sliding magnet 93, a compression spring 94, a fixed gear ring 95, a base 96, a generator 97 and a pinion 98, wherein the top of the installation groove plate 5 is fixedly connected with the fixed ring 91, the fixed ring 91 is positioned on the left side of the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74, the inner side of the fixed ring 91 is rotatably connected with the rotating ring 92, the rotating ring 92 is slidably connected with three sliding magnets 93 in an evenly distributed mode, the load of the spindle 75 can be increased through the magnetic force between the electromagnetic ring 811 and the sliding magnets 93, so that the rotating speed of the spindle 75 is reduced, the inertia of the vehicle is reduced, the compression spring 94 is connected between the sliding magnets 93 and the rotating ring 92, the side of the rotating ring 92 far away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 is fixedly connected with the fixed gear ring 95, the base 96 is fixedly connected to the side of the upper part of the fixed ring 91 far away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74, the generator 97 is fixedly installed on the base 96, and the generator 97 is used for generating electricity, for recovering energy, a pinion 98 is fixed to one end of the input shaft of the generator 97, and the pinion 98 is engaged with the fixed gear ring 95.
Bottom plate 1 and last device fixed mounting are on the skeleton of bottom behind the new energy automobile, and when the vehicle jolted in the in-process of traveling, installation frid 5 and device above that can shake to produce resonance, through shock pad 4, support buffer spring 61 and extrusion buffer spring 62's cooperation, can play the effect of shock attenuation buffering, prevent that the part on this device from droing, guaranteed the normal operating of this device. When a driver looses the accelerator, the current control rod 72 is at the highest point, so that the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 is powered off, the vehicle slides under the action of inertia, the main shaft 75 continuously rotates and drives the rotor in the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 to rotate, the rotor in the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 drives the stator in the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 to rotate through magnetic force, and therefore the permanent magnet synchronous motor 74 can generate electricity by utilizing the inertia force generated when a new energy automobile is braked, the sliding energy is conveniently recovered, and the energy saving is facilitated.
During the process of the vehicle sliding due to the inertia, if the speed needs to be reduced at this time, the driver steps on the brake pedal, the external hydraulic component drives the trigger rod 89 to move downwards, the third return spring 810 is compressed, the trigger rod 89 pushes the movable shift lever 87 and the upper device thereof to move downwards, the clamping and moving rod 83 drives the current adjusting rod 85 to move downwards, the second return spring 86 is compressed, the current transducer 84 increases the current, the magnetism of the electromagnetic ring 811 increases, the greater the force of the driver stepping on the brake pedal, the greater the magnetism of the electromagnetic ring 811 increases, the magnetic force between the electromagnetic ring 811 and the sliding magnet 93 increases after the current increases, the electromagnetic ring 811 attracts the sliding magnet 93 to move towards the direction close to the main shaft 75, the compression spring 94 is compressed, the load of the main shaft 75 is increased by the magnetic force between the electromagnetic ring 811 and the sliding magnet 93, therefore, the rotating speed of the main shaft 75 is reduced, the inertia of the vehicle is reduced, further the speed reduction braking can be carried out through magnetic force, the abrasion of the traditional mechanical braking is avoided, meanwhile, the main shaft 75 can drive the sliding magnet 93 and the upper device thereof to rotate through the electromagnetic ring 811, so that the rotating ring 92 and the upper device thereof rotate, the fixed gear ring 95 can drive the pinion 98 to rotate and drive the generator 97 to generate electricity, the sliding energy of the vehicle can be effectively recovered, and the purposes of speed reduction and energy recovery can be achieved.
When the clamping rod 83 and the devices on the clamping rod 83 move to the lowest point, the triggering rod 89 can push the movable shifting rod 87 to swing, the torsion spring 88 can be compressed, then the triggering rod 89 can move to the lower part of the movable shifting rod 87, the torsion spring 88 can reset and drive the movable shifting rod 87 to reset, the second reset spring 86 can reset and drive the clamping rod 83 and the devices on the clamping rod 83 to reset upwards, when a driver releases a brake pedal, the third reset spring 810 can reset and drive the triggering rod 89 to reset upwards, and through the matching of the movable shifting rod 87 and the torsion spring 88, the triggering rod 89 can reset to the upper part of the movable shifting rod 87.
Example 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 12 and 13, the parking brake device further comprises a snub brake buffering assembly 10, the snub brake buffering assembly 10 is disposed on the installation groove plate 5, the snub brake buffering assembly 10 is used for reducing the forward-tilting inertia of a vehicle during braking, the snub brake buffering assembly 10 comprises a fixed groove block 101, a snub lever 102, an extrusion spring 103, a triangular fixing plate 104, a fixed guide groove plate 105, a lifting sliding plate 106, a supporting spring 107, an L-shaped rod 108 and a shifting block 109, the top of the installation groove plate 5 is fixedly connected with the fixed groove block 101, the snub lever 102 is slidably connected to the upper portion of the fixed groove block 101, the snub lever 102 is used for snub brake, the extrusion spring 103 is connected between the snub lever 102 and the fixed groove block 101, the top of the installation groove plate 5 is fixedly connected with the triangular fixing plate 104, the triangular fixing plate 104 is located at the rear side of the fixed groove block 101, the quadrangular fixing groove plate 104 is connected with the fixed guide groove plate 105 by welding, a quadrangular guide groove plate 105 is provided with parallel sliding grooves, the upper portion of the triangular fixing plate 104 is connected with a lifting sliding plate 106 in a sliding mode, a pair of supporting springs 107 is connected between the lifting sliding plate 106 and the installation groove plate 5, the top portion of the lifting sliding plate 106 is connected with an L-shaped rod 108 in a sliding mode, the L-shaped rod 108 is matched with a fixed guide groove plate 105 in a sliding mode, the fixed guide groove plate 105 plays a guiding role for the L-shaped rod 108, a shifting block 109 is fixedly connected to the front side of the lower portion of the L-shaped rod 108, and the shifting block 109 is used for pushing the inching brake rod 102 intermittently.
When the trigger rod 89 and the upper device thereof move downwards, the trigger rod 89 can push the L-shaped rod 108 and the upper device thereof to move downwards, the supporting spring 107 can be compressed, meanwhile, through the matching of the shifting block 109, the inching brake rod 102 and the extrusion spring 103, the inching brake rod 102 can reciprocate, so that the inching brake rod 102 intermittently limits the spindle 75, the purpose of inching brake can be realized, the forward-tilting inertia of a vehicle during braking is reduced, when the trigger rod 89 and the upper device thereof reset upwards, the supporting spring 107 can reset accordingly and drive the lifting sliding plate 106 and the upper device thereof to reset, meanwhile, the L-shaped rod 108 can move along the chute on the fixed guide chute plate 105, the shifting block 109 can not push the inching brake rod 102 any more, and then under the guiding action of the fixed guide chute plate 105, the L-shaped rod 108 and the upper device thereof can reset to the initial position.
Example 3
On the basis of embodiment 2, as shown in fig. 14, the electromagnetic brake further includes a fixed groove ring 11, the main shaft 75 is provided with the fixed groove ring 11, the fixed groove ring 11 is used for reducing abrasion to the main shaft 75 during the braking, and the fixed groove ring 11 is located on the right side of the electromagnetic ring 811.
In the process of inching and braking, the fixed groove ring 11 is provided with grooves for increasing the friction force during the inching and braking, so that the inching and braking are convenient, and the abrasion to the main shaft 75 during the inching and braking can be reduced.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an energy-saving buffer for new energy automobile, is including bottom plate (1), characterized by, still including U-shaped frame (2), fixed guide arm (3), shock pad (4), installation frid (5), resonance slow down subassembly (6), energy recuperation subassembly (7), electro-magnet control module (8) and locking buffer subassembly (9): the top of the bottom plate (1) is symmetrically and fixedly connected with the U-shaped frame (2); a pair of fixed guide rods (3) are fixedly connected between the U-shaped frame (2) and the bottom plate (1); the shock absorption pad (4) is placed at the top of the bottom plate (1), and the shock absorption pad (4) is used for shock absorption and buffering; the installation groove plates (5) are connected among the four fixed guide rods (3) in a sliding mode, and the installation groove plates (5) are located above the shock pads (4); the resonance slowing assembly (6) is arranged on the mounting groove plate (5), and the resonance slowing assembly (6) is used for relieving resonance and playing a buffering role; the energy recovery assembly (7) is arranged on the mounting groove plate (5), and the energy recovery assembly (7) is used for recovering the energy of the vehicle due to inertia sliding; the electromagnet control assembly (8) is arranged on the installation groove plate (5); the locking buffer assembly (9) is arranged on the mounting groove plate (5), and the electromagnet control assembly (8) and the locking buffer assembly (9) are matched together for speed reduction braking.
2. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as claimed in claim 1, wherein the resonance damping component (6) comprises a supporting buffer spring (61) and an extruding buffer spring (62), the supporting buffer spring (61) is connected between the bottom of the installation groove plate (5) and the bottom plate (1) in a rectangular distribution manner, and a pair of extruding buffer springs (62) is connected between the top of the installation groove plate (5) and the U-shaped frame (2).
3. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as claimed in claim 2, wherein the energy recovery assembly (7) comprises a motor controller (71), a current control rod (72), a first return spring (73), a permanent magnet synchronous motor (74) and a main shaft (75), the motor controller (71) is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate (5), the current control rod (72) is slidably connected to the right side of the motor controller (71), the first return spring (73) is connected between the current control rod (72) and the installation groove plate (5), the permanent magnet synchronous motor (74) is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate (5), the main shaft (75) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (74), and the main shaft (75) penetrates through the permanent magnet synchronous motor (74).
4. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile according to claim 3, wherein the electromagnet control assembly (8) comprises a brake sliding seat (81), a fixed guide plate (82), a clamping and moving rod (83), a current transducer (84), a current adjusting rod (85), a second reset spring (86), a movable shift rod (87), a torsion spring (88), a trigger rod (89), a third reset spring (810) and an electromagnetic ring (811), the brake sliding seat (81) is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate (5), the brake sliding seat (81) is positioned on the left side of the motor controller (71), the fixed guide plate (82) is fixedly connected to the upper portion of the rear side of the brake sliding seat (81), the clamping and moving rod (83) is slidably connected to the fixed guide plate (82), the current transducer (84) is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate (5), and the current transducer (84) is positioned between the brake sliding seat (81) and the motor controller (71), one side of the upper portion of the current frequency converter (84) close to the brake sliding seat (81) is connected with a current adjusting rod (85) in a sliding mode, the current adjusting rod (85) is in contact with a clamping moving rod (83), a second reset spring (86) is connected between the clamping moving rod (83) and the mounting groove plate (5), the clamping moving rod (83) is connected with a movable driving rod (87) in a rotating mode at the left side, a pair of torsion springs (88) is connected between the movable driving rod (87) and the clamping moving rod (83), one side of the upper portion of the brake sliding seat (81) far away from the current frequency converter (84) is connected with a trigger rod (89) in a sliding mode, the trigger rod (89) is in contact with the movable driving rod (87), a third reset spring (810) is connected between the trigger rod (89) and the mounting groove plate (5), and an electromagnetic ring (811) is arranged at the left portion of the spindle (75).
5. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as claimed in claim 4, wherein the locking buffer assembly (9) comprises a fixed ring (91), a rotating ring (92), sliding magnets (93), compression springs (94) and a power generation component, the fixed ring (91) is fixedly connected to the top of the installation slot plate (5), the fixed ring (91) is located on the left side of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (74), the rotating ring (92) is rotatably connected to the inner side of the fixed ring (91), three sliding magnets (93) are slidably connected to the rotating ring (92) in an evenly distributed manner, the compression springs (94) are connected between the sliding magnets (93) and the rotating ring (92), the power generation component is located on the side, away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor (74), of the rotating ring (92), and the power generation component is used for power generation.
6. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as claimed in claim 4, wherein the sliding magnet (93) is arc-shaped on one side close to the main shaft (75), and the magnetic force between the sliding magnet (93) and the electromagnetic ring (811) is used for increasing the load of the main shaft (75) and playing a role in slowing down the rotation speed of the main shaft (75) and reducing the inertia of the automobile.
7. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as recited in claim 4, wherein the power generation component comprises a fixed gear ring (95), a base (96), a generator (97) and a pinion (98), the fixed gear ring (95) is fixedly connected to the side of the rotating ring (92) far away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor (74), the base (96) is fixedly connected to the side of the upper portion of the fixed ring (91) far away from the permanent magnet synchronous motor (74), the generator (97) is fixedly mounted on the base (96), the pinion (98) is fixedly connected to one end of an input shaft of the generator (97), and the pinion (98) is meshed with the fixed gear ring (95).
8. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as claimed in claim 4, characterized by further comprising a snub brake buffer assembly (10), wherein the snub brake buffer assembly (10) is arranged on the installation groove plate (5), the snub brake buffer assembly (10) comprises a fixed groove block (101), a snub rod (102), an extrusion spring (103), a triangular fixing plate (104), a fixed guide groove plate (105), a lifting sliding plate (106), a support spring (107), an L-shaped rod (108) and a shifting block (109), the fixed groove block (101) is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate (5), the snub rod (102) is slidably connected to the upper portion of the fixed groove block (101), the extrusion spring (103) is connected between the snub rod (102) and the fixed groove block (101), the triangular fixing plate (104) is fixedly connected to the top of the installation groove plate (5), and the triangular fixing plate (104) is located on the rear side of the fixed groove block (101), the fixed guide groove plate (105) is fixedly connected to the triangular fixing plate (104), a parallelogram sliding groove is formed in the fixed guide groove plate (105), a lifting sliding plate (106) is connected to the upper portion of the triangular fixing plate (104) in a sliding mode, a pair of supporting springs (107) are connected between the lifting sliding plate (106) and the installation groove plate (5), an L-shaped rod (108) is connected to the top of the lifting sliding plate (106) in a sliding mode, the L-shaped rod (108) is matched with the fixed guide groove plate (105) in a sliding mode, the fixed guide groove plate (105) plays a guiding role for the L-shaped rod (108), and a shifting block (109) is fixedly connected to the front side of the lower portion of the L-shaped rod (108).
9. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as claimed in claim 8, further comprising a fixing groove ring (11), wherein the fixing groove ring (11) is provided on the main shaft (75), and the fixing groove ring (11) is located at the right side of the electromagnetic ring (811).
10. The energy-saving buffer device for the new energy automobile as claimed in claim 9, wherein the external curved surface of the fixing groove ring (11) is provided with grooves for increasing friction.
CN202210478189.XA 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 Energy-saving buffer for new energy automobile Active CN114572010B (en)

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