CN114562056B - Assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114562056B
CN114562056B CN202210420756.6A CN202210420756A CN114562056B CN 114562056 B CN114562056 B CN 114562056B CN 202210420756 A CN202210420756 A CN 202210420756A CN 114562056 B CN114562056 B CN 114562056B
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China
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shock
wallboard
wall
shock absorption
plate
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CN114562056A (en
Inventor
张超
黄炜元
周云
林子健
李家乐
石菲
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Guangzhou University
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Guangzhou University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/58Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/98Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against vibrations or shocks; against mechanical destruction, e.g. by air-raids
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/024Structures with steel columns and beams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2406Connection nodes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2418Details of bolting

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Business, Economics & Management (AREA)
  • Emergency Management (AREA)
  • Buildings Adapted To Withstand Abnormal External Influences (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of constructional engineering, in particular to an assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure and a construction method thereof, wherein the assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure comprises a frame, two vertically and oppositely distributed positioning components are arranged in the frame, a shock-absorbing wall is arranged between the two positioning components, the shock-absorbing wall comprises an upper wall plate, a shock-absorbing layer and a lower wall plate which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, the top of the upper wall plate and the bottom of the lower wall plate are connected with the frame, an elastic piece is arranged in the shock-absorbing layer, and two ends of the elastic piece penetrate out of the shock-absorbing layer respectively and are connected with the two positioning components. According to the technical scheme, the positioning assemblies at the two sides are pulled by the elastic piece, so that the positioning assemblies at the two sides clamp the damping wall, the damping wall subjected to in-plane relative displacement is extruded to be in situ, the self-resetting function of the damping wall is realized, the problem that the existing damping wall cannot be automatically reset after being displaced is solved, and the stability of the damping wall is improved.

Description

Assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of constructional engineering, in particular to an assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure and a construction method thereof.
Background
The frame structure is formed by connecting beams and columns through reinforcing steel bars, and forms a bearing system, namely, the beams and the columns form a frame to resist horizontal load and vertical load in the use process, the frame structure can be flexibly matched with the advantage of building plane arrangement, the arrangement of building structures requiring larger space is facilitated, and beam and column members of the frame structure are easy to standardize and finalize, and the frame structure is convenient to adopt an assembled integral structure so as to shorten the construction period, so that the frame structure becomes one of the most widely used structural systems in the building engineering.
In the design of a frame structure, a filling wall is usually treated as a non-structural member, and the structural period of the filling wall is reduced to a certain extent without considering the additional rigidity and constraint effect of the filling wall on a main body structure, however, a large number of experiments show that under the action of an earthquake, the filling wall, a beam and a column are a common stress system, and the damage and collapse of the filling wall seriously endanger the life and property safety of people. Therefore, the design of the frame structure should take into account the influence of the filler wall on the overall seismic performance of the structure, reduce the additional stiffness and constraining effects of the filler wall on the frame structure, and prevent damage or even collapse of the filler wall.
At present, the traditional infill wall is replaced by the shock-absorbing wall in the frame structure, so that the overall shock resistance of the frame structure is improved, the damage degree of the shock-absorbing wall is reduced, however, the existing shock-absorbing wall is easy to displace due to vibration in an earthquake, and the shock-absorbing wall cannot reset automatically after the earthquake is finished, so that the wallboard is seriously damaged, and the stability of the wallboard is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The first object of the invention is to provide an assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure, which solves the problem that the existing shock-absorbing wall cannot be automatically reset after displacement, can realize the self-resetting function of the shock-absorbing wall, improves the stability of the shock-absorbing wall and effectively prevents the shock-absorbing wall from being damaged; the second object of the invention is to provide a construction method of the assembled self-resetting shock-absorbing wall structure.
The invention provides an assembled self-resetting shock absorption wall structure which comprises a frame, wherein two positioning components which are vertically and oppositely distributed are arranged in the frame, a shock absorption wall is arranged between the two positioning components, the shock absorption wall comprises an upper wall plate, a shock absorption layer and a lower wall plate which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, the top of the upper wall plate and the bottom of the lower wall plate are connected with the frame, an elastic piece is arranged in the shock absorption layer, and two ends of the elastic piece penetrate out of the shock absorption layer respectively and are connected with the two positioning components.
Further, the locating component comprises a locating plate, a supporting plate is arranged at the position, corresponding to the shock absorption layer, on the locating plate, the supporting plate is in butt joint with the shock absorption layer, a fixing plate is arranged on one side, close to the shock absorption layer, of the supporting plate, and two ends of the elastic piece are connected with the fixing plate respectively.
Further, the width of the upper wallboard, the width of the shock absorption layer, the width of the lower wallboard and the width of the positioning plate are equal;
the length of the upper wallboard is equal to that of the lower wallboard, the length of the damping layer is smaller than that of the upper wallboard and that of the lower wallboard, and the damping layer is used for forming notches matched with the supporting plates on two sides of the damping wall, which are close to the positioning plates, and the supporting plates are clamped with the notches.
Further, through holes are formed in two sides, close to the fixing plate, of the shock absorption layer, and two ends of the elastic piece penetrate through the through holes respectively and are connected with the fixing plate.
Further, the shock-absorbing layer is made of mortar materials, the upper wall plate is lapped at the top of the shock-absorbing layer, the bottom of the shock-absorbing layer and the top of the lower wall plate are both provided with adhesive layers, and the shock-absorbing layer is connected with the lower wall plate layer through the adhesive layers.
Further, the frame comprises two upright posts which are oppositely arranged, a top beam is horizontally connected between the top ends of the two upright posts, and the top of the upper wallboard is connected with the top beam;
a bottom beam is horizontally connected between the bottom ends of the two upright posts, and the bottom of the lower wallboard is connected with the bottom beam;
and flexible materials are filled between the positioning plates and the upright posts.
Further, the top of the upper wallboard and the bottom of the lower wallboard are respectively provided with a fixed groove, one side of the top beam close to the upper wallboard and one side of the bottom beam close to the lower wallboard are respectively provided with a connecting piece used for being inserted into the fixed groove, and the top beam and the bottom beam are respectively connected with the upper wallboard and the lower wallboard through the connecting piece.
Further, the connecting piece on the top beam is of a T-shaped structure, the horizontal end of the connecting piece is positioned on the top beam, and the vertical end of the connecting piece extends downwards into the fixing groove at the top of the upper wallboard;
the connecting piece on the bottom beam is of a T-shaped structure, the horizontal end of the connecting piece is positioned on the bottom beam, and the vertical end of the connecting piece extends upwards into the fixing groove at the bottom of the lower wallboard.
Further, the number of the connecting pieces on the top beam and the bottom beam is plural, and the plurality of connecting pieces are uniformly distributed along the length direction of the frame.
A construction method of an assembled self-resetting shock absorption wall structure comprises the following steps:
s1, connecting one end of an elastic piece with the positioning component, enabling the other end of the elastic component to penetrate through the shock absorption layer, pre-stretching the elastic piece, and connecting the other end of the pre-stretched elastic piece with the other positioning component;
s2, cleaning the inner side of the frame and the bottom of the lower wallboard, and fixing the lower wallboard on the frame;
s3, cleaning the bottom of the shock absorption layer and the top of the lower wallboard, hoisting the shock absorption layer above the lower wallboard, aligning the shock absorption layer with the lower wallboard, and then lowering the shock absorption layer to the top of the lower wallboard;
s4, cleaning the top of the shock absorption layer and the bottom of the upper wallboard, hoisting the upper wallboard to the upper side of the shock absorption layer, aligning the upper wallboard to the shock absorption layer, and fixing the top of the upper wallboard to the top of the shock absorption layer in the frame.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the technical scheme, the elastic piece is arranged in the damping layer, the two ends of the elastic piece are connected with the positioning components, after an earthquake is finished, the positioning components at the two sides are pulled by the elastic piece, and the positioning components at the two sides clamp the damping wall, so that the damping wall which is subjected to relative displacement in a plane is extruded to be in situ, the self-resetting function of the damping wall is realized, the problem that the damping wall cannot be automatically reset after the existing damping wall is displaced is solved, the stability of the damping wall is improved, and the damping wall is effectively prevented from being damaged.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings that are needed in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described, and it is obvious that the drawings in the description below are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an assembled self-resetting shock absorbing wall structure in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the upper wall panel in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the lower wall panel of embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a shock absorber layer in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of an elastic member in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a positioning assembly according to an embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the shock absorbing wall according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a connector in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Reference numerals illustrate:
1-upright post, 2-top beam, 3-bottom beam, 4-upper wallboard, 5-shock-absorbing layer, 6-lower wallboard, 7-locating plate, 8-flexible material, 9-connecting piece, 10-adhesive layer, 11-fixed slot, 12-through hole, 13-elastic piece, 14-backup pad, 15-fixed plate, 16-breach.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be clearly and completely described in connection with the embodiments, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "length," "width," "upper," "lower," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientation or positional relationships shown in the drawings, merely to facilitate description of the present invention and simplify the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like, are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying a relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defining "a first" or "a second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the described features. In the description of the present invention, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more, unless explicitly defined otherwise. Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "connected," "coupled," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and can be communication between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention will be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Example 1
The utility model provides an shown by fig. 1 to 8, an assembled self-resetting shock attenuation wall structure, which comprises a frame, the frame includes two relative stand 1 that set up, the horizontal connection has back timber 2 between the top of two stand 1, horizontal connection has floorbar 3 between the bottom of two stand 1, the inside of frame is equipped with two vertical relative distributed locating plate 7, it has flexible material 8 to fill between locating plate 7 and the stand 1, in this embodiment, flexible material 8 is the PU foaming agent, be equipped with the shock attenuation wall between two locating plates 7, the shock attenuation wall includes by last wallboard 4 that sets gradually under to, the buffer layer 5, the lower wallboard 6, the width of last wallboard 4, the width of buffer layer 5, the width of lower wallboard 6 equals with the width of locating plate 7, the buffer layer 5 is made by mortar material, the inside of buffer layer 5 is equipped with elastic component 13, the both sides that buffer layer 5 is close to locating plate 7 all are equipped with through-hole 12, the both ends of elastic component 13 wear out from through-hole 12 respectively, the locating plate 7 corresponds position department with buffer layer 5 is equipped with backup pad 14, the length of last wallboard 4 and the length of lower wallboard 6 are lower wallboard 6, the length of being less than the buffer layer 4 is close to the backup pad 16 and is equipped with in the backup pad 16 and is close to the backup pad 5, the length of 16 is close to the backup pad 16 and is used for the backup pad 4, the fixed in the backup pad is adjacent to the backup pad 15, the backup pad is 16 is formed in the gap is adjacent to the backup pad is 16, the backup pad is adjacent to the backup pad is 16.
The damping wall is arranged between the two positioning plates 7, the side surfaces of the upper wallboard 4 and the lower wallboard 6 are tightly attached to the positioning plates 7, the elastic piece 13 is arranged in the damping layer 5, the two ends of the elastic piece 13 are respectively welded with the supporting plates 14, the elastic piece 13 is pre-tensioned, meanwhile, the length of the damping layer 5 is controlled to enable the side surfaces of the damping wall to form the notch 16, the supporting plates 14 are clamped in the notch 16, the supporting plates 14 are abutted with the damping layer 5, the damping layer 5 is provided with a jacking force, after the damping wall is displaced due to vibration in an earthquake, the elastic piece 13 can pull the positioning plates 7 at the two sides, so that the two positioning plates 7 clamp the damping wall, so that the damping wall with relative displacement in a plane is extruded back to the original position, the self-resetting function of the damping wall is realized, the problem that the existing damping wall cannot be automatically reset after displacement is solved, the stability of the shock absorbing wall is improved, the shock absorbing wall is effectively prevented from being damaged, flexible materials 8 are filled between the positioning plate 7 and the upright posts 1, the shock absorbing wall can be prevented from being collided with a frame during horizontal displacement, the shock absorbing wall is prevented from being damaged, in addition, the shock absorbing layer 5, the positioning plate 7 and the elastic piece 13 are assembled in a factory in advance, the machined shock absorbing layer 5, the upper wallboard 4 and the lower wallboard 6 are only required to be placed in the frame in a construction site, the installation of the shock absorbing wall is more convenient and rapid, the construction time is greatly shortened, the construction efficiency is improved, the shock absorbing wall can be replaced in time after earthquake damage, the normal use of a building is ensured, the welding and pre-stretching treatment of the elastic piece 13 in the factory can be ensured, the welding quality and pre-stretching quality of the elastic piece 13 are prevented from being up to the standard, meanwhile, the damping layer 5 is made of mortar materials, the shear strength is high, the quality of the damping wall body can be ensured, the mortar materials are rich in resources, the acquisition is convenient, the price is practical, and the production cost of the damping wall body is reduced.
The top of going up wallboard 4 overlap joint at buffer layer 5, buffer layer 5's bottom and the top of lower wallboard 6 all are equipped with adhesive layer 10, buffer layer 5 passes through adhesive layer 10 and is connected with lower wallboard 6, in this embodiment, adhesive layer 10 is glue, top and the bottom of lower wallboard 6 of going up wallboard 4 are equipped with three fixed slot 11 respectively, one side that roof beam 2 is close to last wallboard 4 and one side that sill 3 is close to lower wallboard 6 are equipped with three connecting piece 9 respectively, connecting piece 9 is T type structure, the horizontal end of connecting piece 9 on roof beam 2 passes through bolt fastening on roof beam 2, vertical end stretches into in the fixed slot 11 at last wallboard 4 top downwards, the horizontal end of connecting piece 9 on the sill 3 passes through bolt fastening on the sill 3, vertical end upwards stretches into in the fixed slot 11 of lower wallboard 6.
The top of going up wallboard 4 overlap joint at buffer layer 5 does not adopt other such as bolted connection, glue bonding etc. connected mode to have great relative displacement space between messenger's last wallboard 4 and the buffer layer 5, so that give full play to the damping mechanism of buffer layer 5, be connected through glue between lower wallboard 6 and the buffer layer 5 bottom, convenient and fast and environmental protection more, in addition, the buffer wall adopts the connecting piece 9 of fixing on the frame to insert fixed slot 11's mode realization with the frame and is connected, during the earthquake, connecting piece 9 can guarantee that the buffer wall is connected on the frame reliably, effectively reduce the additional rigidity and the constraint effect of buffer wall to the frame, avoid appearing the phenomenon of the outer unstability of buffer wall plane and big displacement along frame length direction, thereby promote the whole shock resistance of shock wall structure, reduce the shock hazard to the buffer wall itself, and connecting piece 9 directly through the bolt fastening can on the frame, simple to operate, the process is simple, and construction efficiency has been improved greatly.
A construction method of an assembled self-resetting shock absorption wall structure comprises the following steps:
s1, in a factory, one end of an elastic piece 13 is welded with a fixed plate 15, the other end of the elastic piece 13 passes through a through hole 12, the elastic piece 13 is pre-tensioned by a tensioning machine, and the other end of the pre-tensioned elastic piece 13 is welded with another fixed plate 15;
s2, cleaning the inner wall of the bottom beam 3 of the frame, placing the connecting piece 9 on the inner wall of the bottom beam 3, fixing the horizontal end of the connecting piece 9 on the bottom beam 3 by adopting bolts, and enabling the vertical end of the connecting piece 9 to extend upwards into the frame;
s3, cleaning the bottom of the lower wallboard 6 and the fixed groove 11 at the bottom of the lower wallboard 6, lifting the lower wallboard 6 by using lifting equipment, enabling the fixed groove 11 of the lower wallboard 6 to be aligned with the vertical end of the connecting piece 9, putting down the wallboard 6, and enabling the vertical end of the connecting piece 9 to extend into the fixed groove 11 of the lower wallboard 6;
s4, cleaning the top of the lower wallboard 6 and the bottom of the shock absorption layer 5, respectively smearing glue on the bottom of the shock absorption layer 5 and the top of the lower wallboard 6, lifting the shock absorption layer 5 by using lifting equipment, enabling the shock absorption layer 5 to be aligned with the lower wallboard 6, lowering the shock absorption layer 5, enabling two sides of the lower wallboard 6 to be tightly attached to the positioning plate 7, cleaning overflowed glue, and waiting for the glue to be firmly bonded;
s5, cleaning the top of the shock absorption layer 5 and the bottom of the upper wallboard 4, lifting the upper wallboard 4 by using lifting equipment, enabling the upper wallboard 4 to be aligned with the shock absorption layer 5, lowering the upper wallboard 4, enabling the bottom of the upper wallboard 4 to be clung to the top of the shock absorption layer 5, and enabling two sides of the upper wallboard 4 to be clung to the positioning plate 7;
s5, cleaning the inner wall of the top beam 2 of the frame, placing the connecting piece 9 on the inner wall of the top beam 2, fixing the horizontal end of the connecting piece 9 on the top beam 2 by adopting a bolt, and enabling the vertical end of the connecting piece 9 to extend downwards into a fixing groove 11 on the upper wallboard 4;
s6, filling flexible materials 8 between the positioning plate 7 and the upright posts 1.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present invention, and not for limiting the same; although the invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical scheme described in the foregoing embodiments can be modified or some or all of the technical features thereof can be replaced by equivalents; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. The assembled self-resetting shock absorption wall structure is characterized by comprising a frame, wherein two positioning components which are vertically and oppositely distributed are arranged in the frame, a shock absorption wall is arranged between the two positioning components, the shock absorption wall comprises an upper wall plate, a shock absorption layer and a lower wall plate which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, the top of the upper wall plate and the bottom of the lower wall plate are connected with the frame, an elastic piece is arranged in the shock absorption layer, and two ends of the elastic piece penetrate out of the shock absorption layer respectively and are connected with the two positioning components;
the positioning assembly comprises a positioning plate, a supporting plate is arranged at the position, corresponding to the shock absorption layer, on the positioning plate, the supporting plate is in butt joint with the shock absorption layer, a fixing plate is arranged on one side, close to the shock absorption layer, of the supporting plate, and two ends of the elastic piece are respectively connected with the fixing plate;
the shock-absorbing layer is made of mortar materials, the upper wallboard is lapped at the top of the shock-absorbing layer, the bottom of the shock-absorbing layer and the top of the lower wallboard are both provided with adhesive layers, and the shock-absorbing layer is connected with the lower wallboard layer through the adhesive layers.
2. The fabricated self-resetting shock absorbing wall structure of claim 1, wherein the width of the upper wall panel, the width of the shock absorbing layer, the width of the lower wall panel and the width of the locating plate are equal;
the length of the upper wallboard is equal to that of the lower wallboard, the length of the damping layer is smaller than that of the upper wallboard and that of the lower wallboard, and the damping layer is used for forming notches matched with the supporting plates on two sides of the damping wall, which are close to the positioning plates, and the supporting plates are clamped with the notches.
3. The assembled self-resetting shock absorbing wall structure as claimed in claim 2, wherein the shock absorbing layer is provided with through holes at two sides close to the fixing plate, and two ends of the elastic piece respectively penetrate through the through holes to be connected with the fixing plate.
4. The assembled self-resetting shock absorbing wall structure as recited in claim 1, wherein the frame comprises two opposite upright posts, a top beam is horizontally connected between the top ends of the two upright posts, and the top of the upper wallboard is connected with the top beam;
a bottom beam is horizontally connected between the bottom ends of the two upright posts, and the bottom of the lower wallboard is connected with the bottom beam;
and flexible materials are filled between the positioning plates and the upright posts.
5. The assembled self-resetting shock absorbing wall structure as recited in claim 4, wherein the top of the upper wall plate and the bottom of the lower wall plate are respectively provided with a fixed groove, a side of the top beam close to the upper wall plate and a side of the bottom beam close to the lower wall plate are respectively provided with a connecting piece for being inserted into the fixed groove, and the top beam and the bottom beam are respectively connected with the upper wall plate and the lower wall plate through the connecting piece.
6. The fabricated self-resetting shock absorbing wall structure as recited in claim 5, wherein the connector on the top beam is of a T-shaped structure, the horizontal end of the connector is positioned on the top beam, and the vertical end of the connector extends downwards into the fixing groove at the top of the upper wall plate;
the connecting piece on the bottom beam is of a T-shaped structure, the horizontal end of the connecting piece is positioned on the bottom beam, and the vertical end of the connecting piece extends upwards into the fixing groove at the bottom of the lower wallboard.
7. The fabricated self-healing vibration-absorbing wall structure of claim 6, wherein the plurality of connectors on the top and bottom beams are uniformly distributed along the length of the frame.
8. A method of constructing the fabricated self-healing vibration-absorbing wall structure of any one of claims 1 to 7, comprising the steps of:
s1, connecting one end of an elastic piece with the positioning component, enabling the other end of the elastic piece to penetrate through the shock absorption layer, pre-stretching the elastic piece, and connecting the other end of the pre-stretched elastic piece with the other positioning component;
s2, cleaning the inner side of the frame and the bottom of the lower wallboard, and fixing the lower wallboard on the frame;
s3, cleaning the bottom of the shock absorption layer and the top of the lower wallboard, hoisting the shock absorption layer above the lower wallboard, aligning the shock absorption layer with the lower wallboard, and then lowering the shock absorption layer to the top of the lower wallboard;
s4, cleaning the top of the shock absorption layer and the bottom of the upper wallboard, hoisting the upper wallboard to the upper side of the shock absorption layer, aligning the upper wallboard to the shock absorption layer, and fixing the top of the upper wallboard to the top of the shock absorption layer in the frame.
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008223424A (en) * 2007-03-15 2008-09-25 Inukai Kensetsu Kk Seismic response control device
CN107313535A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-03 青岛中建联合建设工程有限公司 A kind of assembled architecture wall
CN210013345U (en) * 2019-04-29 2020-02-04 广州大学 Assembled shock attenuation wall structure connection structure
CN210597735U (en) * 2019-08-24 2020-05-22 广州凌鼎建筑工程有限公司 Damping device of wall body
CN210917826U (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-07-03 深圳市中荣煜建筑工程有限公司 Novel self-resetting assembly type anti-seismic sandwich wall
WO2021169246A1 (en) * 2020-02-28 2021-09-02 南京东垚建筑科技研究院有限公司 Filler wall structure system of self-centering frame

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008223424A (en) * 2007-03-15 2008-09-25 Inukai Kensetsu Kk Seismic response control device
CN107313535A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-03 青岛中建联合建设工程有限公司 A kind of assembled architecture wall
CN210013345U (en) * 2019-04-29 2020-02-04 广州大学 Assembled shock attenuation wall structure connection structure
CN210597735U (en) * 2019-08-24 2020-05-22 广州凌鼎建筑工程有限公司 Damping device of wall body
CN210917826U (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-07-03 深圳市中荣煜建筑工程有限公司 Novel self-resetting assembly type anti-seismic sandwich wall
WO2021169246A1 (en) * 2020-02-28 2021-09-02 南京东垚建筑科技研究院有限公司 Filler wall structure system of self-centering frame

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