CN114541814A - Light concrete house system with steel frame and net nest - Google Patents

Light concrete house system with steel frame and net nest Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114541814A
CN114541814A CN202011310135.XA CN202011310135A CN114541814A CN 114541814 A CN114541814 A CN 114541814A CN 202011310135 A CN202011310135 A CN 202011310135A CN 114541814 A CN114541814 A CN 114541814A
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China
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lattice
framework
foundation
concrete
steel
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CN202011310135.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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赵成国
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011310135.XA priority Critical patent/CN114541814A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination or staggered storeys
    • E04H1/02Dwelling houses; Buildings for temporary habitation, e.g. summer houses
    • E04H1/04Apartment houses arranged in two or more levels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/562Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with fillings between the load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/58Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal
    • E04B2/60Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal characterised by special cross-section of the elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • E04B5/38Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • E04B7/022Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs consisting of a plurality of parallel similar trusses or portal frames
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C3/11Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with non-parallel upper and lower edges, e.g. roof trusses
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2421Socket type connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2469Profile with an array of connection holes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2472Elongated load-supporting part formed from a number of parallel profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2481Details of wall panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2484Details of floor panels or slabs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/249Structures with a sloping roof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation

Abstract

The invention provides a steel frame net nest light concrete house system for an assembly type building, which comprises a foundation 1, an assembly type structure frame 2, a floor slab system 3, a wall body framework 4, a retaining grouting system 5, a flat roof system 6, a combined roof truss 7 and roof tiles 8, wherein the foundation 1, the assembly type structure frame 2, the floor slab system 3 and the wall body framework 4 are mutually connected and combined into a main structure framework with the appearance like a large steel cage, and the retaining grouting system 5, the flat roof system 6, the combined roof truss 7 and the roof tiles 8 form an internal filling and external retaining system of the main structure framework. The steel frame net nest light concrete house system enables the house to realize standardization, lightweight and rapidness from design to production, transportation and construction, is beneficial to reducing the comprehensive cost of the fabricated building, and is easier to popularize and apply.

Description

Light concrete house system with steel frame and net nest
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of buildings, in particular to a steel frame net nest light concrete house system.
Background
The development of the building industry in China is extensive for a long time, the weight is not heavy, the consumption of steel, cement and red bricks is high at the first place of the world, and the development of the house industrialization process is still very slow in the first decade after the 21 st century. The consumption of resources and energy resources by the traditional building technology seriously supports the wealth of descendants of the Chinese, meanwhile, with the aging of population and the reduction of fertility, the labor cost continuously rises, and the construction cost continuously rises, so that the international competitiveness of Chinese building enterprises is gradually reduced, which is in sharp contrast with the identity of the large country of the Chinese manufacturing industry. Therefore, the traditional building needs industrial transformation urgently, and the industry is changed to the direction of heavy quality, heavy efficiency, heavy technology, low energy consumption and low pollution.
Under the background of policy code adding and continuous upgrading of building technology, the area and the industry scale of the fabricated building in China are rapidly developed, but the subjective power of the fabricated building development in China is insufficient, and the method mainly comes from two reasons: firstly, the cost of the traditional cast-in-place building mode is still lower than that of an assembly type building, and secondly, the traditional civil construction enterprises and operators are more familiar with the cast-in-place process flow in the construction. The technical improvement of the assembly type building system taking a PC structure (precast concrete member) as the mainstream only considers the assembly of a construction layer, does not fully consider the time and labor cost of each link in the whole production and construction process, only finishes the steps of splitting the traditional cast-in-place building structure into structural members, then carrying out factory production, and then carrying out on-site assembly type installation, but causes the problems of low component standardization, large difference, large volume, long factory maintenance time, long culture period of qualified assemblers and the like, increases the difficulty of design, manufacture, transportation and installation, and increases the building cost on the contrary; the steel structure assembly type building cannot enjoy policy dividend in the years of the rapid development of the housing industrialization in China, and compared with a PC structure, the steel structure assembly type building has the advantages of higher industrialization degree, excellent anti-seismic performance, flexible structure, high housing rate and the like, but the steel structure in China is mainly applied to public buildings and industrial buildings, and the housing construction is less in application and mainly originates from three reasons: firstly, traditional civil engineering construction enterprises are more familiar with concrete technology and steel structure talents are relatively short, secondly, in high-rise residential projects, the price of a building with the same volume is 8% -15% higher than that of a PC structure by adopting a steel structure, and the concrete building is generally considered to be safer than the steel structure by the traditional concept of Chinese people.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention is directed to solving the above-described problems. The invention provides a steel frame net nest light concrete house system.
The house system is characterized in that basic components or frameworks of various structures, walls and roofs are combined by adopting cold-formed steel with curled edge punched holes in a modular design, then the components or frameworks are combined into an integral structural framework of the house by adopting connecting pieces and assembly nodes in a standardized design, then a ribbed steel mesh mould is used as a non-dismantling template and is nailed outside the structural framework, and finally light particle heat-insulating concrete is poured for forming.
The house system comprises a foundation, an assembly type structure frame, a floor system, a wall framework, a retaining grouting system, a flat roof system, a combined roof truss and a roof tile, wherein the foundation, the assembly type structure frame, the floor system and the wall framework are connected with one another to form a main structure framework with the appearance like a large steel cage, and the retaining grouting system, the flat roof system, the combined roof truss and the roof tile form an internal filling and external retaining system of the main structure framework.
The foundation is a concrete foundation, a column base sleeve used for connecting an upright column needs to be installed or prefabricated on the concrete foundation, a column base piece with the column base sleeve is fixed on the foundation through a plurality of chemical anchor bolts and a plurality of nuts on the traditional concrete foundation, in a preferred example, the foundation is a quick-mounting foundation consisting of a prefabricated pile foundation framework, a prefabricated strip-shaped foundation framework, a ribbed steel mesh die and concrete, the column base sleeve is prefabricated on the framework of the pile foundation, and a plurality of first self-tapping nail locking holes are formed in the column base sleeve.
The fabricated structural frame is formed by assembling and combining a plurality of lattice columns, a plurality of lattice main beams and a plurality of sleeve connecting pieces, wherein the lattice columns are lattice columns consisting of two cold-bending C-shaped steels with truss lattice structure crimping punching holes and a plurality of short rectangular pipes, the cross sections of the lattice columns are square, the lattice main beams are lattice steel beams consisting of two cold-bending C-shaped steels with truss lattice structure crimping punching holes and a plurality of rectangular vertical pipes, and the cross sections of the lattice main beams are rectangular.
The assembly joint of the lattice column and the foundation is characterized in that the bottom of the lattice column is inserted into the column base sleeve, and then a plurality of first countersunk cross self-tapping screws directly penetrate through a plurality of first self-tapping screw locking holes to fix the lattice column on the foundation.
The lattice column and the lattice girder are assembled by fixing the sleeve connecting piece on the lattice column by using a plurality of second countersunk cross self-tapping screws, then lapping the lattice girder on a support of the sleeve connecting piece, fixing the bottom of the lattice girder by using a plurality of third countersunk cross self-tapping screws, finally buckling the M-shaped steel buckling piece on the top of the lattice girder, and simultaneously connecting and fixing the top of the lattice girder and the support of the sleeve connecting piece by using a plurality of fourth countersunk cross self-tapping screws.
The floor system comprises a plurality of secondary beams, a floor bearing plate and light aggregate concrete from bottom to top in sequence, wherein the secondary beams are cold-formed C-shaped steel with truss lattice structure crimping stamping holes and are connected with the lattice main beams through main and secondary beam connecting pieces, the secondary beams are arranged according to specified intervals, the specified intervals are usually less than or equal to 1500mm, the floor bearing plate can be spliced by 250mm wide Z-shaped steel, a steel bar truss plate can also be adopted, the floor bearing plate can be directly fixed on the secondary beams through self-tapping screws, and finally the light aggregate concrete is poured in the space above the floor bearing plate to the upper surfaces of the lattice main beams on two sides.
The wall framework is characterized in that a cold-formed U-shaped steel with truss grid structure crimping punched holes is adopted as a transverse keel of the top-bottom keel and a door and window opening, a cold-formed C-shaped steel with truss grid structure crimping punched holes is adopted as a vertical keel and a left frame and a right frame, the vertical keel and the left frame are connected and combined into a wall framework through a plurality of fifth countersunk cross self-tapping screws, pipelines can be embedded in the framework as required, the section steel members of the wall framework realize standardization and batch production, the pipeline is conveniently assembled and embedded on site quickly, and the wall framework is more favorable for being combined with concrete to form a light shear wall structure so as to realize the characteristics of light weight, high strength, earthquake resistance, heat preservation, fire resistance, durability and the like of the wall.
The upper end of the wall framework is connected with the transverse joints at two sides of the joint of the lattice girder through a plurality of connecting plates and a plurality of sixth countersunk head cross self-tapping screws, the connecting plates are arranged in the horizontal direction at regular intervals, the intervals are determined to be less than or equal to 900mm in a conventional mode, the transverse joints at two sides of the joint of the bottom of the wall framework and the foundation are connected through a plurality of connecting angle codes and a plurality of seventh countersunk head cross self-tapping screws, the connecting angle codes are arranged in the horizontal direction at regular intervals, and the intervals are determined to be less than or equal to 900mm in a conventional mode.
The assembly joint of the wall framework is characterized in that more than two vertical joints of the wall framework which are vertically intersected are arranged on the inner side of the assembly structure frame and connected through a plurality of connecting angle codes and a plurality of seventh countersunk cross self-tapping screws, wherein the connecting angle codes on each vertical joint are arranged in the vertical direction according to a specified interval, the interval is determined to be less than or equal to 900mm in a conventional mode, a plurality of connecting plates and a plurality of sixth countersunk cross self-tapping screws are arranged on the vertical joints which are connected with the outer side wall framework of the assembly structure frame and the lattice stand column and connected, the connecting plates on each vertical joint are arranged in the vertical direction according to a specified interval, and the interval is determined to be less than or equal to 900mm in a conventional mode.
Wherein the enclosure grouting system comprises reinforced steel mesh moulds nailed on the inner side and the outer side of the main structure framework, a plurality of eighth countersunk cross self-tapping nails, light heat-insulating concrete grouting material and anti-crack mortar surface layers on the two sides, during assembly, after the wall framework is connected with the foundation and the assembly type frame, the ribbed steel mesh die is transversely attached to the inner side surface and the outer side surface of the structural framework, then a plurality of eighth countersunk cross self-tapping screws are fixed on the structural framework through the notches of the groove-pressing ribs of the reinforced steel mesh die, after the reinforced steel mesh die on the two sides are nailed, pumping pipes for grouting extend into the framework through the lattice main beams and the spaces and the punching holes on the upper side of the wall framework, then light heat-insulating concrete grouting material is poured, after the light heat-insulating concrete grouting material is automatically filled in the wall framework and the assembly type framework, and then uniformly coating an anti-crack mortar surface layer on the surfaces of the reinforced steel mesh moulds at the two sides to enable the surfaces to be smooth and completely cover the metal structure.
The flat roof system comprises a plurality of main purlins, a plurality of inferior purlins, a plurality of ninth countersunk cross self-tapping screws, there is the muscle steel mesh mould bottom, light particle concrete grout, wherein a plurality of main purlins adopt U shaped steel and a plurality of main purlins of middle part adopt two U shaped steel to be a set of setting back to back that is, multiunit main purlins are arranged according to equidistant and the interval sets up to be less than or equal to 1000mm usually, a plurality of inferior purlins adopt a kind of clod wash C shaped steel that has truss lattice structure turn-up punching press hole, and a plurality of inferior purlins are inserted to one side and are symmetrical staggered arrangement in the notch of a plurality of main purlins and form truss form roofing structure and fix with a plurality of ninth countersunk cross self-tapping screws, the purlins are assembled and are finished the muscle steel mesh mould in the bottom nail, at last with light particle concrete grout with inside the roof skeleton fill up the pouring and level.
The combined roof truss comprises a plurality of triangular roof trusses, a plurality of right-angled triangular roof trusses, a plurality of external corner slope combined roof trusses and a plurality of tile hanging strips, wherein the plurality of right-angled triangular roof trusses are perpendicularly intersected on the plurality of external side triangular roof trusses and are connected through connecting pieces, the plurality of external corner slope combined roof trusses are forty-five degrees and stand at each corner on a flat roof system, and are connected with the triangular roof trusses and the right-angled triangular roof trusses at the intersection through the connecting pieces or welding, finally, the tile hanging strips are nailed on the upper surface of the roof trusses, and the space between the tile hanging strips is usually arranged according to the size of tiles.
The invention relates to a steel frame net nest light concrete house system, which realizes standardization, lightweight and rapidness of the house system from design to production, transportation and construction, greatly simplifies the construction process, reduces the construction difficulty, saves the construction cost, and makes the fabricated building easier to apply and popularize.
Other characteristic features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description of exemplary embodiments, which is to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings, like reference numerals are used to indicate like elements. The drawings in the following description are directed to some, but not all embodiments of the invention. For a person skilled in the art, other figures can be derived from these figures without inventive effort.
Fig. 1 exemplarily shows a three-dimensional sectional structure view of a steel frame net nest light concrete house system of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 exemplarily shows a perspective view of an assembly node of a conventional foundation and a column shoe sleeve of the present invention.
Fig. 4 shows an exemplary perspective view of the assembly joint of the quick-fit foundation of the invention with a column shoe sleeve.
Fig. 5 exemplarily shows a perspective view of the fabricated construction frame of the present invention.
Fig. 6 shows, by way of example, a perspective view of an assembly joint of a lattice column with a foundation according to the invention.
Fig. 7 exemplarily shows a perspective view of an assembly node of the lattice upright and the lattice main beam of the present invention.
Fig. 8 exemplarily shows a configuration diagram of the floor structure system of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a perspective view schematically showing a wall skeleton according to the present invention.
Figure 10 schematically illustrates a sectional elevation view of the wall framework of the present invention in connection with a structural frame and foundation.
Figure 11 schematically illustrates a plan view of the wall framework of the present invention connected to a structural frame.
Fig. 12 schematically shows a construction overview of a containment grouting system of the present invention.
Fig. 13 exemplarily shows a configuration diagram of the flat roof system of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a perspective view of the four-slope combination roof truss of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be arbitrarily combined with each other without conflict.
The steel frame net nest light concrete house system is explained in detail below with the attached drawings.
The first embodiment is as follows: the steel frame net nest light concrete house system shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2 comprises a foundation 1, an assembly type structure frame 2, a floor system 3, a wall framework 4, a containment grouting system 5, a flat roof system 6, a combined roof truss 7 and roof tiles 8, wherein the foundation 1, the assembly type structure frame 2, the floor system 3 and the wall framework 4 are mutually connected and combined into a main structure framework with the appearance like a large steel cage, and the containment grouting system 5, the flat roof system 6, the combined roof truss 7 and the roof tiles 8 form an internal filling and external containment system of the main structure framework.
The second embodiment is as follows: as shown in fig. 3 and 4, the foundation 1 is a concrete foundation, on which a column base sleeve 11 for connecting a column is required to be installed or prefabricated, as shown in fig. 3, on a traditional concrete foundation, a column base member with the column base sleeve 11 is fixed on the foundation 1 through a plurality of chemical anchor bolts 12 and a plurality of nuts 13, as shown in fig. 4, in a preferred example, the foundation 1 is a quick-assembly foundation consisting of a prefabricated pile foundation framework, a prefabricated strip-shaped foundation framework, a ribbed steel mesh mold and concrete, the column base sleeve 11 is prefabricated on the framework of the pile foundation, and the column base sleeve 11 is provided with a plurality of first self-tapping locking holes 111.
The third concrete implementation mode: the fabricated structural frame 2 shown in fig. 5 is fabricated by assembling and combining a plurality of lattice columns 21, a plurality of lattice girders 22 and a plurality of sleeve connectors 23, wherein the lattice columns 21 are lattice columns composed of two cold-formed C-type steels having rolled-edge punched holes of truss lattice structures and a plurality of truncated rectangular pipes, the cross-sectional shapes of the lattice columns 21 are square, wherein the lattice girders 22 are lattice steel beams composed of two cold-formed C-type steels having rolled-edge punched holes of truss lattice structures and a plurality of rectangular vertical pipes, and the cross-sectional shapes of the lattice girders 22 are rectangular, so that the fabricated structural frame realizes standardization and assembly of structural members, has light weight and high strength, and is more easily combined with concrete to form a steel concrete structure, thereby realizing excellent durability and fire resistance, etc.
The fourth concrete implementation mode: as shown in fig. 6, the assembly joint of the lattice column 21 and the foundation 1 is to insert the bottom of the lattice column 21 into the column base sleeve 11, and then fix the lattice column 21 on the foundation 1 by directly passing the first countersunk cross-shaped self-tapping screws 211 through the first self-tapping screw locking holes 111.
The fifth concrete implementation mode: as shown in fig. 7, the assembling node of the lattice column 21 and the lattice girder 22 is to fix the sleeve connector 23 on the lattice column 21 by a plurality of second countersunk cross self-tapping screws 231, then lap-joint the lattice girder 22 on the support of the sleeve connector 23, fix the bottom of the lattice girder 22 by a plurality of third countersunk cross self-tapping screws 232, finally buckle the M-shaped steel buckle 24 on the top of the lattice girder 22, and connect and fix the top of the lattice girder 22 and the support of the sleeve connector 23 by a plurality of fourth countersunk cross self-tapping screws 241.
The sixth specific implementation mode: as shown in fig. 8, the floor system 3 sequentially includes a plurality of secondary beams 31, a floor support plate 32, and lightweight aggregate concrete 33 from bottom to top, wherein the plurality of secondary beams 31 are formed by using a single cold-formed C-shaped steel having a truss lattice structure rolled edge punched hole and connected to the lattice main beam 22 through a primary and secondary beam connector 221, the plurality of secondary beams 31 are arranged at a predetermined interval, the predetermined interval is usually not more than 1500mm, the floor support plate 32 can be spliced by using a 250mm wide Z-shaped steel, or can be formed by using a steel truss plate, the floor support plate 32 can be directly fixed on the plurality of secondary beams 31 by using self-tapping screws, and finally, the lightweight aggregate concrete 33 is poured and leveled in the space above the floor support plate 32 to the upper surface of the lattice main beam 22 at both sides.
The seventh embodiment: the wall framework 4 shown in fig. 9 is a wall framework formed by connecting and combining a cold-formed U-shaped steel 41 with truss lattice structure curled edge punched holes as a top-bottom keel and a transverse keel of a door and window opening, a cold-formed C-shaped steel 42 with truss lattice structure curled edge punched holes as a vertical keel, a left frame and a right frame, and a plurality of fifth countersunk cross self-tapping nails 43, wherein pipelines 44 can be embedded in the framework as required.
The specific implementation mode is eight: as shown in fig. 10, the transverse joints at the two sides of the joint of the upper end of the wall framework 4 and the lattice girder 22 are connected by a plurality of connecting plates 401 and a plurality of sixth countersunk cross self-tapping screws 402, wherein the plurality of connecting plates 401 are arranged at regular intervals in the horizontal direction, the interval is usually set to be less than or equal to 900mm, the transverse joints at the two sides of the joint of the bottom of the wall framework 4 and the foundation 1 are connected by a plurality of connecting angle connectors 403 and a plurality of seventh countersunk cross self-tapping screws 404, wherein the plurality of connecting angle connectors 403 are arranged at regular intervals in the horizontal direction, and the interval is usually set to be less than or equal to 900 mm.
The specific implementation method nine: as shown in fig. 11, a plurality of connecting angle connectors 403 and a plurality of seventh countersunk cross-shaped self-tapping screws 404 are connected to vertical joints on the inner side of the assembly type structure frame 2, where the connecting angle connectors 403 on each vertical joint are arranged at regular intervals in the vertical direction, the interval is usually determined to be less than or equal to 900mm, and a plurality of connecting plates 401 and a plurality of sixth countersunk cross-shaped self-tapping screws 402 are connected to vertical joints on the outer side of the assembly type structure frame 2, where the connecting plates 401 are arranged at regular intervals in the vertical direction, and the interval is usually determined to be less than or equal to 900 mm.
The detailed implementation mode is ten: as shown in fig. 12, the enclosure grouting system 5 comprises a ribbed steel mesh mold 51 nailed inside and outside the main structural framework, a plurality of eighth countersunk cross self-tapping nails 52, light thermal insulation concrete grouting materials 53 and two side anti-crack mortar surface layers 54, when the assembly is completed, after the wall framework 4 is connected with the foundation 1 and the assembly type framework 2, the ribbed steel mesh mold 51 is transversely pasted on the inside and outside surfaces of the structural framework, then the plurality of eighth countersunk cross self-tapping nails 52 are fixed on the structural framework through the notches of the groove pressing ribs of the ribbed steel mesh mold 51, after the nailing of the ribbed steel mesh mold 51 on the two sides is completed, the pumping pipe for grouting is extended into the framework through the lattice main beam 22 and the blank and punching holes on the upper side of the wall framework 4, then the light thermal insulation concrete grouting materials 53 are poured, after the inner parts of the wall framework 4 and the assembly type framework 2 are automatically filled, the surfaces of the ribbed steel mesh mold 51 on the two sides are uniformly coated with the anti-crack mortar 54 to completely cover the metal structure, therefore, the steel reinforced concrete lightweight frame shear wall structure is formed, so that the house structure has better mechanical property and durability while saving materials and labor.
The concrete implementation mode eleven: the flat roof system 6 shown in figure 13 comprises a plurality of primary purlins 61, a plurality of secondary purlins 62, a plurality of ninth countersunk cross-head self-tapping screws 63, a reinforced steel mesh mould 64 at the bottom, lightweight granular concrete grouting material 65, wherein the plurality of main purlins 61 are made of U-shaped steel, the plurality of main purlins 61 in the middle are arranged back to back by adopting two U-shaped steel as a group, the plurality of groups of main purlins 61 are arranged at equal intervals, the interval is usually set to be less than or equal to 1000mm, the plurality of secondary purlins 62 are made of cold-bending C-shaped steel with truss structure curled edge stamping holes, and a plurality of secondary purlins 62 are obliquely inserted into the notches of the main purlins 61 and are symmetrically and alternately arranged to form a truss-shaped roof structure and are fixed by a plurality of ninth countersunk cross self-tapping screws 63, a reinforced steel mesh mould 64 is nailed at the bottom after the purlins are assembled, and finally, the inside of the roof framework is filled with light granular concrete grouting material 65 and cast flat.
The specific implementation mode twelve: the combined roof truss 7 shown in fig. 14 comprises a plurality of triangular roof trusses 71, a plurality of right-angled triangular roof trusses 72, a plurality of external-angled-surface combined roof trusses 73 and a plurality of battens 74, wherein the plurality of right-angled triangular roof trusses 72 are vertically intersected on the plurality of external-angled triangular roof trusses 71 and connected by connectors, the plurality of external-angled-surface combined roof trusses 73 are erected at each corner of the flat roof system 6 at forty-five degrees and connected with the triangular roof trusses 71 and the right-angled triangular roof trusses 72 at the intersection by connectors or welding, finally, the battens 74 are nailed on the upper surface of the roof trusses, and the spacing between the battens is generally arranged according to the size of tiles.
The invention relates to a steel frame net nest light concrete house system which adopts the design ideas of standardization, modulization and assembly, firstly adopts a cold-formed steel with curled edge punched holes in a modulization design to combine into basic components or frameworks of various structures, walls and roofs, then adopts connecting pieces and assembly nodes in a standardized design to combine the components or frameworks into an integral structural framework of the house, then uses a ribbed steel net mold as a disassembly-free template to be nailed outside the structural framework, and finally pours light particle heat-insulating concrete, thereby obviously improving the processing speed and the construction speed of the whole house, obviously enhancing the integrity, the structural strength and the durability of the whole building, and leading the assembled building to be easier to apply and popularize.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that an article or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such article or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising … …" does not exclude the presence of additional like elements in the article or device comprising the element.
The above embodiments are merely to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention and not to limit the present invention, and the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various modifications and equivalent arrangements may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention and it should be understood that the present invention is to be covered by the appended claims.

Claims (12)

1. The utility model provides a steel frame net nest light concrete house system includes basis (1), assembled structure frame (2), floor system (3), wall skeleton (4), enclosure grouting system (5), flat roof system (6), combination roof truss (7) and roofing tile (8), wherein basis (1), assembled structure frame (2), floor system (3) and wall skeleton (4) interconnect are constituteed into the appearance like the major structure skeleton of big steel cage, and enclosure grouting system (5), flat roof system (6), combination roof truss (7) and roofing tile (8) then have constituted the inside of major structure skeleton and have filled and outside enclosure system.
2. The building system according to claim 1, characterized in that the foundation (1) is a concrete foundation on which a column base sleeve (11) for connecting the columns is to be installed or prefabricated, and in that in a conventional concrete foundation, a column base member with the column base sleeve (11) is fixed to the foundation (1) by means of a plurality of chemical anchor bolts (12) and a plurality of nuts (13), and in a preferred embodiment, the foundation (1) is a ready-to-assemble foundation consisting of a prefabricated pile foundation frame, a prefabricated strip foundation frame, a ribbed steel net formwork and concrete, the column base sleeve (11) is already prefabricated on the frame of the pile foundation, and the column base sleeve (11) is provided with a plurality of first self-tapping screw locking holes (111).
3. Housing system according to claim 1, characterized in that the fabricated structural framework (2) is assembled from a plurality of lattice uprights (21), a plurality of lattice girders (22) and a plurality of muff-coupling elements (23), wherein the lattice column (21) is a lattice column consisting of two cold-formed C-shaped steel with truss lattice structure curled edge punched holes and a plurality of short rectangular tubes, the cross section of the lattice column (21) is square, wherein the lattice girder (22) is a lattice girder composed of two cold-bending C-shaped steels with truss lattice structure curled edge punching holes and a plurality of rectangular vertical pipes, the section of the lattice girder (22) is rectangular, the structural frame thus constructed achieves standardization and assembly of structural members, has light weight, high strength, and the concrete is more easily combined with concrete to form a steel concrete structure, thereby realizing excellent durability, fire resistance and the like.
4. The housing system of claim 1, wherein the assembly joint of the lattice column (21) and the foundation (1) is formed by inserting the bottom of the lattice column (21) into the column base sleeve (11) and then fixing the lattice column (21) to the foundation (1) by directly passing the first countersunk cross-shaped tapping screws (211) through the first tapping screw locking holes (111).
5. The housing system of claim 1, wherein the assembly joints of the lattice upright posts (21) and the lattice main beams (22) are formed by fixing the sleeve connectors (23) to the lattice upright posts (21) by a plurality of second countersunk cross-shaped tapping screws (231), overlapping the lattice main beams (22) to the supports of the sleeve connectors (23), fixing the bottoms of the lattice main beams (22) by a plurality of third countersunk cross-shaped tapping screws (232), buckling the M-shaped steel buckles (24) to the tops of the lattice main beams (22), and connecting and fixing the tops of the lattice main beams (22) and the supports of the sleeve connectors (23) by a plurality of fourth countersunk cross-shaped tapping screws (241).
6. The building system according to claim 1, characterized in that the floor system (3) comprises a plurality of secondary beams (31), floor support plates (32) and lightweight aggregate concrete (33) from bottom to top, wherein the plurality of secondary beams (31) are cold-formed C-shaped steel with truss lattice structure rolled edge punched holes and are connected with the lattice main beams (22) through primary and secondary beam connectors (221), the plurality of secondary beams (31) are arranged according to a specified interval, the specified interval is usually less than or equal to 1500mm, the floor support plates (32) can be spliced by using Z-shaped steel with a width of 250mm, or can be provided with steel bar truss plates, the floor support plates (32) are directly fixed on the plurality of secondary beams (31) by using self-tapping nails, and finally the lightweight aggregate concrete (33) is poured and leveled in the space from the upper surface of the floor support plates (32) to the upper surfaces of the lattice main beams (22) at two sides.
7. The building system of claim 1, wherein the wall frame (4) is a wall frame made of a cold-formed U-shaped steel (41) with truss lattice structure rolled edge punched holes and used as a top-bottom keel and a transverse keel of a door and window opening, a cold-formed C-shaped steel (42) with truss lattice structure rolled edge punched holes and used as a vertical keel and left and right frames, and a plurality of fifth countersunk cross self-tapping nails (43) are used for connecting and combining the vertical keel and the left and right frames to form the wall frame, and pipelines (44) can be embedded in the frame as required.
8. The house system according to claim 1, characterized in that the transverse joints at the two sides of the joint of the upper end of the wall framework (4) and the lattice girder (22) are connected by a plurality of connecting plates (401) and a plurality of sixth countersunk cross self-tapping screws (402), wherein the connecting plates (401) are arranged at regular intervals in the horizontal direction, the interval is usually determined to be less than or equal to 900mm, the transverse joints at the two sides of the joint of the bottom of the wall framework (4) and the foundation (1) are connected by a plurality of connecting angle codes (403) and a plurality of seventh countersunk cross self-tapping screws (404), wherein the connecting angle codes (403) are arranged at regular intervals in the horizontal direction, and the interval is usually determined to be less than or equal to 900 mm.
9. The housing system of claim 1, characterized in that more than two vertical joints of the wall framework (4) on the inner side of the fabricated structural framework (2) are connected by a plurality of connecting angle connectors (403) and a plurality of seventh countersunk cross self-tapping screws (404), wherein the connecting angle connectors (403) on each vertical joint are arranged at regular intervals in the vertical direction, the interval is usually determined to be less than or equal to 900mm, and the vertical joints of the outer wall framework (4) of the fabricated structural framework (2) and the lattice upright columns (21) are connected by a plurality of connecting plates (401) and a plurality of sixth countersunk cross self-tapping screws (402), wherein the connecting plates (401) on each vertical joint are arranged at regular intervals in the vertical direction, and the interval is usually determined to be less than or equal to 900 mm.
10. The building system of claim 1, wherein the enclosure grouting system (5) comprises a ribbed steel mesh mold (51) nailed on the inner side and the outer side of the main structure framework, a plurality of eighth countersunk cross self-tapping nails (52), light heat-insulating concrete grouting materials (53) and two-side anti-cracking mortar surface layers (54), when the assembly is finished, after the wall framework (4) is connected with the foundation (1) and the assembly type framework (2), the ribbed steel mesh mold (51) is transversely pasted on the inner side and the outer side surfaces of the structure framework, then the plurality of eighth countersunk cross self-tapping nails (52) penetrate through the notches of the groove-pressing ribs of the ribbed steel mesh mold (51) and are fixed on the structure framework, after the nailing of the ribbed steel mesh molds (51) on the two sides is finished, a pipe pump for grouting is extended into the framework through the lattice main beam (22) and the blank space and the punching hole on the upper side of the wall framework (4) and then the light heat-insulating concrete grouting materials (53) are poured, after the interior of the wall framework (4) and the assembled frame (2) is automatically filled, anti-crack mortar surface layers (54) are uniformly coated on the surfaces of the reinforced steel mesh moulds (51) at the two sides to enable the surfaces to be smooth and completely cover the metal structure, so that the steel reinforced concrete lightweight frame shear wall structure is formed, and the building structure has better mechanical property and durability while saving materials and labor.
11. The house system according to claim 1, characterized in that the flat roof system (6) comprises a plurality of main purlins (61), a plurality of secondary purlins (62), a plurality of ninth countersunk cross self-tapping nails (63), a reinforced steel mesh mold (64) at the bottom, and lightweight granular concrete grouting material (65), wherein the plurality of main purlins (61) are made of U-shaped steel, the plurality of main purlins (61) at the middle part are made of two U-shaped steel and are arranged back to back, the plurality of groups of main purlins (61) are arranged at equal intervals, the interval is usually set to be less than or equal to 1000mm, the plurality of secondary purlins (62) are made of cold-bent C-shaped steel with truss-structure rolled edge stamping holes, and the plurality of secondary purlins (62) are obliquely inserted into the notches of the plurality of main purlins (61) and are symmetrically staggered to form a truss-shaped roof structure and are fixed by the plurality of ninth countersunk cross self-tapping nails (63), and the reinforced steel mesh molds (62) are nailed at the bottom after the purlins are assembled, finally, the inside of the roof framework is filled with lightweight particle concrete grouting material (65) and cast flat.
12. The housing system of claim 1, wherein the modular roof truss (7) comprises a plurality of triangular roof trusses (71), a plurality of right angle triangular roof trusses (72), a plurality of external bevel modular roof trusses (73) and a plurality of battens (74), wherein the plurality of right angle triangular roof trusses (72) are perpendicularly intersected on the plurality of external triangular roof trusses (71) and connected by connectors, the plurality of external bevel modular roof trusses (73) are erected at each corner of the flat roof system (6) at forty-five degrees and connected to the triangular roof trusses (71) and the right angle triangular roof trusses (72) at the intersections by connectors or welding, and finally the battens (74) are nailed on the upper surface of the roof trusses, and the spacing of the battens is generally arranged with reference to the size of the tiles.
CN202011310135.XA 2020-11-20 2020-11-20 Light concrete house system with steel frame and net nest Pending CN114541814A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115026242A (en) * 2022-07-25 2022-09-09 北京鼎匠科技发展有限公司 One-step casting formed Longwang steel section and casting system and casting process thereof
CN115262747A (en) * 2022-07-22 2022-11-01 同济大学 Prefabricated lattice type steel reinforced concrete combined frame structure system
CN115324373A (en) * 2022-08-08 2022-11-11 甘肃建投建设有限公司 Method for reinforcing steel roof truss and reinforced concrete column joint in existing building
CN116838014A (en) * 2023-08-28 2023-10-03 集术装备科技有限公司 Hemmed section steel cross-section pitched roof structure and installation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115262747A (en) * 2022-07-22 2022-11-01 同济大学 Prefabricated lattice type steel reinforced concrete combined frame structure system
CN115026242A (en) * 2022-07-25 2022-09-09 北京鼎匠科技发展有限公司 One-step casting formed Longwang steel section and casting system and casting process thereof
CN115026242B (en) * 2022-07-25 2023-11-28 杨合军 Dragon king steel profile formed through one-step casting and casting system and casting process thereof
CN115324373A (en) * 2022-08-08 2022-11-11 甘肃建投建设有限公司 Method for reinforcing steel roof truss and reinforced concrete column joint in existing building
CN116838014A (en) * 2023-08-28 2023-10-03 集术装备科技有限公司 Hemmed section steel cross-section pitched roof structure and installation method thereof

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