CN114472451A - Medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system - Google Patents

Medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114472451A
CN114472451A CN202210126816.3A CN202210126816A CN114472451A CN 114472451 A CN114472451 A CN 114472451A CN 202210126816 A CN202210126816 A CN 202210126816A CN 114472451 A CN114472451 A CN 114472451A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pump
box body
controller
inner cavity
pipe
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Granted
Application number
CN202210126816.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114472451B (en
Inventor
黄芳
周敏
崔永强
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Shandong Youteng Technology Information Co ltd
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Individual
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Priority to CN202210126816.3A priority Critical patent/CN114472451B/en
Publication of CN114472451A publication Critical patent/CN114472451A/en
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Publication of CN114472451B publication Critical patent/CN114472451B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B1/00Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method
    • F22B1/22Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method using combustion under pressure substantially exceeding atmospheric pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/46Recuperation of heat
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L5/00Blast-producing apparatus before the fire
    • F23L5/04Blast-producing apparatus before the fire by induction of air for combustion, e.g. using steam jet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/12Heat utilisation in combustion or incineration of waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system, which comprises: the device comprises a mobile vehicle body, a controller, a waste treatment mechanism, a protective suit and a heating mechanism; the controller is arranged at the right side of the top end of the movable vehicle body; the waste treatment mechanism is arranged at the top end of the movable vehicle body and is positioned on the left side of the controller; the protective clothing is arranged on the outer side of the mobile vehicle body; the heating mechanism is arranged on the back of the protective clothing. This medical epidemic prevention solid waste processing system can realize burning the destruction in time to the medical epidemic prevention solid waste self after the use is simple, need not to transport and handles, reduce cost to burn the heat that produces and effectively utilize to the pin out in-process, the cold-proof demand of outdoor work medical personnel in effectual solution winter, more green energy-conserving.

Description

Medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solid waste, in particular to a medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system.
Background
Solid waste refers to solids, semi-solids, and gaseous materials, substances, and laws, administrative laws, and regulations that are generated during manufacturing, life, and other activities and discarded or discarded without losing their value, and that are placed in containers to include the materials, substances, and regulations for waste management. Liquid waste which cannot be discharged into water and gaseous substances which cannot be discharged into the atmosphere and are placed in a container generally fall into a solid waste management system due to great harmfulness, and medical epidemic prevention solid waste is also called medical waste, and refers to pollution waste produced by hospitals when contacting blood, meat and the like of patients, such as used cotton balls, gauze, adhesive tapes, waste water, disposable medical appliances, wastes after operations, overdue medicines and the like. The medical waste has the characteristics of space pollution, acute infection, latent pollution and the like, and is different from household waste, because the medical waste contains a large amount of bacteria, viruses and chemical agents and has extremely strong infectivity, biotoxicity and corrosivity, the medical waste which is not treated or not completely treated is randomly stacked, the pollution to water, soil and air is easily caused, direct or indirect harm is generated to a human body, and the medical waste can also become a source of epidemic diseases.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system, which at least solves the problems.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system, comprising:
moving the vehicle body;
the controller is arranged on the right side of the top end of the movable vehicle body;
the waste treatment mechanism is arranged at the top end of the movable vehicle body and is positioned on the left side of the controller;
protective clothing arranged outside the moving vehicle body;
and the heating mechanism is arranged on the back of the protective clothing.
Preferably, the waste disposal mechanism comprises: the device comprises a box body, a pump gun, an incineration assembly, a sorting assembly, a first guide pipe, a collection bin and a second guide pipe; the box body is arranged at the top end of the movable vehicle body along the up-down direction; the number of the pump guns is two, and the two pump guns are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the left side of the box body; the incineration component is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the box body; the sorting component is arranged at the top end of the inner cavity of the box body; the first guide pipe is arranged on the left side of the bottom end of the incineration assembly; the collecting bin is arranged at the bottom end of the rear side of the sorting assembly along the left-right direction, and the rear side of the collecting bin extends out of the outer wall of the box body; the second guide tube is arranged on the right side of the bottom end of the sorting assembly and communicated with the collecting bin.
Preferably, the incineration assembly comprises: the device comprises a box body, an incineration chamber, a burner, a combustion improver pump station, a steam collecting tank, an air pump, a water tank, a first pump body, a water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe, a water return electromagnetic valve pipe, a second pump body, a connecting electromagnetic valve pipe and a flue; the box body is arranged below the inner cavity of the incineration assembly through a bracket along the left and right directions; the incineration chamber is arranged in the inner cavity of the box body, and the bottom end of the first guide pipe penetrates through the inner cavity of the box body and is connected with the inner cavity of the incineration chamber; the combustor is arranged on the right side of the box body, the output end of the combustor penetrates through the box body and extends into the inner cavity of the incineration chamber, and the combustor is electrically connected with the controller; the combustion improver pump station is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the box body, the output end of the combustion improver pump station extends into the inner cavity of the incineration chamber, and the combustion improver pump station is electrically connected with the controller; the steam collecting tank is arranged at the top end of the box body and extends into the inner cavity of the box body; the air pump is arranged on the right side of the steam collecting tank and is electrically connected with the controller; the water tank is arranged at the center of the bottom end of the box body; the first pump body is arranged below the box body, a water inlet pipe of the first pump body is connected with the water tank, and the first pump body is electrically connected with the controller; the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe is arranged in the inner cavity of the box body, the bottom end of the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe extends out of the lower surface of the box body and is connected with the water outlet of the first pump body, and the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe is electrically connected with the controller; one end of a water return electromagnetic valve pipe is connected to the left side of the box body, the other end of the water return electromagnetic valve pipe is connected with the outer side of the water tank, and the water return electromagnetic valve pipe is electrically connected with the controller; the second pump body is arranged below the box body, the second pump body is connected with one of the pump guns, and the second pump body is electrically connected with the controller; the connecting solenoid valve pipe is arranged on the left side of the steam collecting tank and is connected with the other pump gun, and the connecting solenoid valve pipe is electrically connected with the controller; the flue is arranged on the outer side of the incineration chamber, and the outer side of the flue penetrates through the outer wall of the box body and extends out of the box body.
Preferably, the sorting assembly comprises: the device comprises a shell, a feed inlet, an electric turntable and a baffle plate; the shell is arranged at the top end of the inner cavity of the backpack body along the left-right direction, the first guide pipe is connected with an opening at the left side of the bottom end of the inner cavity of the shell, and the second guide pipe is connected with an opening at the right side of the bottom end of the inner cavity of the shell; the feed inlet is formed in the left side of the top end of the shell and is connected with the feed inlet; the electric turntable is arranged in the inner cavity of the shell and is positioned below the feeding hole; the number of the blocking pieces is two, and the two blocking pieces are respectively arranged in the inner cavity of the box body and positioned on the left side and the right side of the electric turntable; the shape of the baffle plate is an arc shape matched with the outer diameter of the feed port.
Preferably, the sorting assembly further comprises: the screening device comprises a mounting seat, a spring rod, a screening plate, a servo motor, a first belt pulley, a second belt pulley, a cam and a connecting rod; the mounting seat is mounted at the bottom end of the inner cavity; the number of the spring rods is four, and the four spring rods are respectively arranged at four corners of the outer side of the mounting seat; the screening plate is arranged at the top ends of the inner sides of the four spring rods and is positioned below the right blocking piece; the servo motor is arranged on the inner side of the mounting seat and is electrically connected with the controller; the first belt pulley is connected to the output end of the servo motor through a screw; the second belt pulley is rotatably connected to the left side of the mounting seat through a pin shaft; the cam screw is connected with the axle center of the second belt pulley; one end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected to the far hub end of the cam through a pin shaft, and the other end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the screening plate through a pin shaft.
Preferably, the heating mechanism includes: the backpack comprises a backpack body, a plug-in valve nozzle, a ventilation opening, a radiating fin, a radiating pipe, a fan and a control power supply; the backpack body is embedded in the back of the protective clothing; the plug-in valve nozzle is arranged at the bottom end of the outer side of the backpack main body; the ventilation opening is formed in the front end of the inner side of the backpack body; the radiating fins are arranged on the inner side of the backpack body; the heat radiating pipe is embedded at the inner side of the heat radiating fin along a snake shape, and the heat radiating fin is connected with the plug-in valve nozzle through a guide pipe; the number of the fans is two, and the two fans are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the rear side of the radiating fin; the control power supply is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the backpack body, and is electrically connected with the fan and connected with the controller through a remote network.
The use method of the device comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the worker moves the movable vehicle body to the bottom end of outdoor appointed measurement, the medical care personnel wear the protective clothing, the worker controls the controller to sequentially start the electric turntable and the servo motor, the worker opens the electric turntable to throw medical wastes such as quarantine or detection and the like into the surface of the electric turntable through the feed inlet, the electric turntable throws the wastes out under the action of self-rotation force to separate the wastes under the action of self-gravity, gauze or hemostatic cotton sheets and the like with light materials enter a first guide pipe below along a left separation blade, the wastes such as cotton swabs or needle heads with heavy materials enter a sieving plate through a right separation blade to drive a first belt pulley to rotate, a second belt pulley drives a cam to rotate under the action of the rotation force of the first belt pulley to drive one end of a connecting rod to move circumferentially, the connecting rod drives the sieving plate to vibrate under the matching of the sieving plate, and the wastes inside the sieving plate are separated under the action of gravity, the light combustible matter enters the first guide pipe, the non-combustible matter enters the second guide pipe, and the non-combustible matter enters the collection bin from the second guide pipe for centralized collection;
step two: combustible garbage enters the incineration chamber through the first guide pipe, a worker controls the controller to sequentially start the combustion improver pump station, the burner, the first pump body, the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe and the water return electromagnetic valve pipe, the combustion improver pump station pumps the internal combustion improver into the incineration chamber, the burner is started and ignited and controls the internal oxygen amount, the garbage inside the incineration chamber is combusted, the first pump body pumps the water inside the water tank into the tank body through the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe, and the heat generated by the combustion inside the incineration chamber boils the water inside the tank body to generate steam and enters the steam collection tank to be collected;
step three: the working personnel holds a pump gun connected with a connecting solenoid valve pipe by hand and inserts the pump gun into an inserted valve nozzle, a control controller sequentially starts an air pump, the connecting solenoid valve pipe and a control power supply, the connecting solenoid valve pipe is opened, the air pump pressurizes hot steam in a steam collecting tank and discharges the steam into a radiating pipe through the pump gun and the inserted valve nozzle on corresponding positions, the steam in the radiating pipe distributes the heat through a radiating fin and forms hot air around the radiating fin, an internal program of the control power supply controls a fan to start, the fan blows the hot air around the radiating fin into a protective clothing through a vent to heat up so as to ensure the normal outdoor activity of medical personnel, after the heat of the steam in a heating mechanism is dissipated, the working personnel inserts the pump gun connected with a second pump body into the inserted valve nozzle and controls the controller to start the second pump body, and the second pump body pumps condensed water in the radiating pipe into a water tank through the pump gun and discharges the condensed water into the water tank for cyclic utilization, meanwhile, the interior of the radiating pipe is emptied to add hot steam next time, and then circulation heating is achieved.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: this medical epidemic prevention solid waste processing system:
a working method of a medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system comprises the following steps:
1. the medical wastes such as quarantine, detection and the like are intensively thrown to the surface of the electric rotary disc through the feed inlet by opening, the electric rotary disc throws out the wastes under the action of self-rotation force so as to separate the wastes under the action of self-gravity, gauze or hemostatic cotton sheets and the like with lighter materials enter the first guide pipe below along the left separation blade, and wastes such as cotton swabs or needles and the like with heavier materials enter the sieving plate along the right separation blade to drive the first belt pulley to rotate, so that the second belt pulley drives the cam to drive one end of the connecting rod to move circumferentially under the action of the rotation force of the first belt pulley, and the connecting rod drives the sieving plate to vibrate under the coordination of the connecting rod, then the garbage in the screening plate is separated under the action of gravity, the light combustible material enters the first guide pipe, the incombustible material enters the second guide pipe, and the incombustible material enters the collection bin from the second guide pipe for centralized collection and treatment;
2. the combustible garbage enters the incineration chamber from the first guide pipe, the combustion improver pump station pumps an internal combustion improver into the incineration chamber, the burner is started and is ignited, the internal oxygen amount is controlled, the garbage in the incineration chamber is combusted, the first pump body pumps water in the water tank into the tank body from the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe, and the heat generated by combustion in the incineration chamber boils the water in the tank body to generate steam which enters the steam collection tank to be collected;
3. the pump gun connected with the electromagnetic valve connecting pipe is inserted into the plug-in valve nozzle by hand, the electromagnetic valve connecting pipe starts the air pump to pressurize the hot steam in the steam collecting tank and then the hot steam is discharged into the radiating pipe through the pump gun and the plug-in valve nozzle at the corresponding positions, the steam in the radiating pipe distributes the heat through the radiating fins and forms hot air around the radiating fins, the internal program of the control power supply controls the fan to start, the fan blows the hot air around the radiating fins into the protective clothing through the ventilation opening to heat up, so as to ensure the normal outdoor activities of medical personnel, when the heat of steam in the heating mechanism is dissipated, a worker inserts the pump gun connected with the second pump body into the plug-in valve nozzle, the second pump body pumps the condensed water in the radiating pipe into the water tank through the pump gun and discharges the condensed water into the water tank for recycling, meanwhile, the inside of the radiating pipe is emptied to add hot steam next time, and then the circulating heating is realized.
Thereby can realize burning the destruction in time to the medical epidemic prevention solid waste self after using alone, need not to transport and handle, reduce cost to burn the heat that produces and effectively utilize to the pin out-of-process, effectual solution winter outdoor work medical personnel's demand that keeps warm, more green energy-conserving.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the waste disposal mechanism of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the incineration assembly of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a front cross-sectional view of the sorting assembly of FIG. 2;
fig. 5 is an exploded view of the heating mechanism of fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. a movable vehicle body, 2, a controller, 3, a waste treatment mechanism, 31, a box body, 32, a pump gun, 33, an incineration component, 331, a box body, 332, an incineration chamber, 333, a burner, 334, a combustion improver pump station, 335, a steam collection tank, 336, an air pump, 337, a water tank, 338, a first pump body, 339, a water inlet solenoid valve pipe, 3310, a water return solenoid valve pipe, 3311, a second pump body, 3312, a connecting solenoid valve pipe, 3, a flue, 34, a sorting component, 341, a housing, 342, a feed inlet, 343, an electric rotating disc, 344, a baffle, 345, a mounting seat, 346, a spring rod, 347, a screening plate, 348, a servo motor, 349, a first belt pulley, 3410, a second belt pulley, 3411, a cam, 3412, a connecting rod, 35, a first guide pipe, 36, a collection cabin, 37, a second guide pipe, 38, a sealing cover, 4, a protective clothing, 5, a heating mechanism, 51, a backpack body, 52. plug-in valve mouth, 53, ventilation opening, 54, cooling fin, 55, cooling tube, 56, fan, 57, control power.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: a medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system, comprising: the device comprises a movable vehicle body 1, a controller 2, a waste treatment mechanism 3, a protective suit 4 and a heating mechanism 5; the controller 2 is arranged on the right side of the top end of the movable vehicle body 1, the controller 2 is specifically purchased, installed and used from the market according to actual use requirements, a network module is arranged in the controller 2, and a photovoltaic panel can be installed on the top end of the controller 2 according to actual needs so as to be suitable for outdoor power-free environments; the waste disposal mechanism 3 is arranged at the top end of the mobile vehicle body 1 and is positioned at the left side of the controller 2; the protective clothing 4 is arranged on the outer side of the mobile vehicle body 1; the heating mechanism 5 is mounted on the back of the protective suit 4.
Preferably, the waste disposal means 3 further comprises: a box body 31, a pump gun 32, an incineration assembly 33, a sorting assembly 34, a first guide pipe 35, a collection bin 36 and a second guide pipe 37; the box 31 is installed on the top end of the movable vehicle body 1 along the up-down direction; the number of the pump guns 32 is two, the two pump guns 32 are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the left side of the box body 31, and the specific use models of the pump guns 32 are directly purchased, installed and used from the market according to actual use requirements; the incineration component 33 is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the box body 31; the sorting component 34 is arranged at the top end of the inner cavity of the box body 31; the first guide pipe 35 is arranged at the left side of the bottom end of the incineration assembly 33; the collecting bin 36 is arranged at the bottom end of the rear side of the sorting component 34 in the left-right direction, the rear side of the collecting bin 36 extends out of the outer wall of the box body 31, and a bin door is arranged outside the collecting bin 36 so that workers can clean the interior of the collecting bin; a second guide tube 37 is provided to the right of the bottom end of the sorting assembly 34, the second guide tube 37 communicating with the collection bin 36.
Preferably, the incineration module 33 further comprises: the device comprises a box body 331, an incineration chamber 332, a burner 333, a combustion improver pump station 334, a steam collecting tank 335, an air pump 336, a water tank 337, a first pump body 338, a water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339, a water return solenoid valve pipe 3310, a second pump body 3311, a connecting solenoid valve pipe 3312 and a flue 3313; the box body 331 is installed below the inner cavity of the incineration assembly 33 through a bracket along the left-right direction; the incineration chamber 332 is arranged in the inner cavity of the box body 331, and the bottom end of the first guide pipe 35 penetrates through the inner cavity of the box body 331 and is connected with the inner cavity of the incineration chamber 332; the burner 333 is arranged at the right side of the box body 331, the output end of the burner 333 penetrates through the box body 331 and extends into the inner cavity of the incineration chamber 332, the burner 333 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the specific use model of the burner 333 is directly purchased, installed and used from the market according to the actual use requirement, and the burner 333 can be controlled by the controller 2; the combustion improver pumping station 334 is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the tank body 31, the output end of the combustion improver pumping station 334 extends into the inner cavity of the incineration chamber 332, the combustion improver pumping station 334 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the combustion improver pumping station 334 is directly purchased, installed and used from the market according to actual use requirements, and the combustion improver pumping station 334 can be controlled by the controller 2 to pump the combustion improver inside into the incineration chamber 332; the steam collecting tank 335 is arranged at the top end of the box body 331, the steam collecting tank 335 extends into the inner cavity of the box body 331, and hot steam generated in the box body 331 enters the steam collecting tank 335; the air pump 336 is arranged at the right side of the steam collecting tank 335, the air pump 336 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the air pump 336 is directly purchased from the market and installed and used according to the actual use requirement, and the controller 2 can control the air pump 336 to pressurize the hot steam in the steam collecting tank 335 and then discharge the hot steam into the radiating pipe 55 through the pump gun 32 and the plug-in valve mouth 52 at the corresponding positions; the water tank 337 is arranged at the center of the bottom end of the case 331; the first pump body 338 is arranged below the box body 331, a water inlet pipe of the first pump body 338 is connected with the water tank 337, the first pump body 338 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the specific usage model of the first pump body 338 is directly purchased from the market and installed and used according to actual usage requirements, and the first pump body 338 can be controlled by the controller 2 to pump water in the water tank 337 into the box body 331 through the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339; the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339 is arranged in the inner cavity of the box body 331, the bottom end of the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339 extends out of the lower surface of the box body 331 and is connected with a water outlet of the first pump body 338, the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339 is directly purchased and installed from the market and used according to actual use requirements in a specific use model, and the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339 can be controlled to be opened and closed by the controller 2; one end of a water return electromagnetic valve pipe 3310 is connected to the left side of the box body 331, the other end of the water return electromagnetic valve pipe 3310 is connected to the outer side of the water tank 337, the water return electromagnetic valve pipe 3310 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the water return electromagnetic valve pipe 3310 is directly purchased and installed and used from the market according to the actual use requirement, and the water return electromagnetic valve pipe 3310 can be controlled to be opened and closed by the controller 2; the second pump body 3311 is arranged below the box body 331, the second pump body 3311 is connected with one of the pump guns 32, the second pump body 3311 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the specific usage model of the second pump body 3311 is directly purchased, installed and used from the market according to the actual usage requirement, and the second pump body 3311 can be controlled by the controller 2 to pump the condensed water in the heat dissipation pipe 55 into the water tank 337 through the pump gun 32 for recycling; the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 is installed on the left side of the steam collecting tank 335, the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 is connected to another pump gun 32, the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 is electrically connected to the controller 2, the specific usage model of the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 is directly purchased and installed and used from the market according to the actual usage requirement, and the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 can be controlled by the controller 2 to be opened and closed; the flue 3313 is provided outside the incineration chamber 332, and the outside of the flue 3313 penetrates the outer wall of the casing 331 and extends outside the casing 31, and the flue 3313 is selected to be in-line or connected to an air purification device as needed.
Preferably, the sorting assembly 34 further comprises: the device comprises a housing 341, a feed port 342, an electric rotary disc 343, a blocking piece 344, a mounting seat 345, a spring rod 346, a screening plate 347, a servo motor 348, a first belt pulley 349, a second belt pulley 3410, a cam 3411 and a connecting rod 3412; the shell 341 is arranged at the top end of the inner cavity of the backpack body 51 along the left-right direction, the first guide pipe 35 is connected with the left opening of the bottom end of the inner cavity of the shell 341, and the second guide pipe 37 is connected with the right opening of the bottom end of the inner cavity of the shell 341; the feed inlet 342 is arranged at the left side of the top end of the shell 341, and the feed inlets 342 and 38 are connected; the electric rotary disc 343 is arranged in the inner cavity of the shell 341 and is positioned below the feed port 342; the number of the blocking pieces 344 is two, and the two blocking pieces 344 are respectively arranged in the inner cavity of the box body 31 and positioned at the left side and the right side of the electric turntable 343; wherein, the shape of the baffle 344 is an arc shape matched with the outer diameter of the feed inlet 342; the mounting seat 345 is mounted at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the cylinder 41; 316, four spring rods 346 are respectively arranged at four outer corners of the mounting seat 345; the sieving plate 347 is arranged at the top ends of the inner sides of the four spring rods 346 and is positioned below the right baffle plate 344; the servo motor 348 is arranged on the inner side of the mounting seat 345, the servo motor 348 is electrically connected with the controller 2, the specific use model of the servo motor 348 is directly purchased from the market and installed and used according to the actual use requirement, and the servo motor 348 can be controlled by the controller 2 to drive the first belt pulley 349 to rotate; the first belt pulley 349 is connected to the output end of the servo motor 348 through screws; the second belt pulley 3410 is rotatably connected to the left side of the mounting seat 345 through a pin; the cam 3411 is screwed to the shaft center of the second pulley 3410; one end of the connecting rod 3412 is pivotally connected to the distal hub end of the cam 3411, and the other end of the connecting rod 3412 is pivotally connected to the bottom end of the screening plate 347.
Preferably, the heating means 5 further includes: a backpack body 51, a plug-in valve mouth 52, a ventilation opening 53, a heat sink 54, a heat radiation pipe 55, a fan 56 and a control power supply 57; the backpack body 51 is embedded in the back of the protective clothing 4, and the temperature of the part in contact with the human body is prevented from being too high by adopting a heat-preservation and heat-insulation material in the backpack body 51; the plug-in valve mouth 52 is arranged at the bottom end of the outer side of the backpack body 51, the plug-in valve mouth 52 is specifically purchased, installed and used from the market according to the actual use requirement, and the plug-in valve mouth 52 is plugged in or pulled out through the pump gun 32 to control the opening and closing of an internal valve; the ventilation opening 53 is opened at the front end of the inner side of the backpack body 51; the heat sink 54 is provided inside the backpack body 51; the heat dissipation pipe 55 is embedded inside the heat dissipation fin 54 along the serpentine shape, and the heat dissipation fin 54 is connected with the plug-in valve mouth 52 through a conduit; the number of the fans 56 is two, the two fans 56 are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the rear side of the radiating fin 54, the specific use models of the fans 56 are directly purchased and installed from the market and used according to actual use requirements, and the fans 56 can be controlled to be turned on and off by a control power supply 57; the control power supply 57 is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the backpack main body 51, the control power supply 57 is electrically connected with the fan 56, the control power supply 57 is connected with the controller 2 through a remote network, the specific use model of the control power supply 57 is directly purchased, installed and used from the market according to the actual use requirement, and the control power supply 57 can be remotely controlled by the controller 2.
A working method of a medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the worker moves the movable vehicle body 1 to the bottom end of the outdoor appointed measurement, the medical care personnel wear the protective clothing 4, the worker controls the controller 2 to sequentially start the electric turntable 343 and the servo motor 348, the worker opens 38 to throw medical wastes such as quarantine or detection and the like into the surface of the electric turntable 343 from the feed port 342, the electric turntable 343 throws out the wastes under the action of self-rotation force to separate the wastes under the action of self-gravity, gauze or hemostatic cotton sheets and the like with light materials enter the first lower guide pipe 35 along the left baffle 344, wastes such as swabs or needles with heavy materials enter the sieving plate 347 along the right baffle 344, 318 drives the first belt pulley 349 to rotate to drive the second belt pulley 3410 to drive the cam 3411 to rotate under the action of rotation force of the first belt pulley 349, further causes the cam 3411 to drive one end of the connecting rod 3412 to move circumferentially, further causes the connecting rod 3412 to drive the sieving plate 347 to vibrate under the cooperation of 316, further separating the garbage in the sieving plate 347 under the action of gravity, wherein the light combustible material enters the first guide pipe 35, the incombustible material enters the second guide pipe 37, and the incombustible material enters the collecting bin 36 from the second guide pipe 37 to be collected and processed in a centralized manner;
step two: combustible garbage enters the incineration chamber 332 from the first guide pipe 35, a worker controls the controller 2 to sequentially start the combustion improver pump station 334, the burner 333, the first pump body 338, the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339 and the water return solenoid valve pipe 3310, the combustion improver pump station 334 pumps the internal combustion improver into the incineration chamber 332, the burner 333 is started and ignited and controls the internal oxygen amount, the garbage inside the incineration chamber 332 is combusted, the first pump body 338 pumps the water inside the water tank 337 into the tank body 331 from the water inlet solenoid valve pipe 339, and the heat generated by the combustion inside the incineration chamber 332 boils the water inside the tank body 331 to generate steam and enters the steam collection tank 335 to be collected;
step three: the worker holds the pump gun 32 connected with the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 and inserts it into the plug-in valve mouth 52, the controller 2 sequentially starts the air pump 336, the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 and the control power supply 57, the connecting solenoid valve tube 3312 is opened, the air pump 336 pressurizes the hot steam in the steam collection tank 335 and discharges the steam into the radiating pipe 55 through the pump gun 32 and the plug-in valve mouth 52 at the corresponding position, the steam in the radiating pipe 55 radiates the heat through the radiating fin 54 and forms hot air around the radiating fin 54, the control power supply 57 internally controls the fan 56 to start, the fan 56 blows the hot air around the radiating fin 54 into the protective clothing 4 through the ventilating hole 53 to raise the temperature so as to ensure the normal outdoor activity of the medical worker, when the steam heat in the mechanism 5 is dissipated, the worker inserts the pump gun 32 connected with the second pump body 3311 into the plug-in valve mouth 52, and controls the controller 2 to start the second pump body 3311, the second pump body 3311 pumps the condensed water in the heat dissipation tube 55 into the water tank 337 through the pump gun 32 for recycling, and simultaneously, the heat dissipation tube 55 is emptied to add the hot steam next time, thereby realizing the circulation heating.
All the electric parts in the scheme can be connected with an external adaptive power supply through a lead by a person in the field, and an adaptive external controller is selected to be connected according to specific actual use conditions so as to meet the control requirements of all the electric parts.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. A medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system is characterized by comprising:
a movable vehicle body (1);
a controller (2) arranged on the right side of the top end of the movable vehicle body (1);
the waste treatment mechanism (3) is arranged at the top end of the movable vehicle body (1) and is positioned on the left side of the controller (2);
a protective suit (4) provided outside the moving vehicle body (1);
and the heating mechanism (5) is arranged on the back of the protective clothing (4).
2. The medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system according to claim 1, wherein: the waste disposal mechanism (3) comprises:
a box body (31) which is installed at the top end of the movable vehicle body (1) along the vertical direction;
the number of the pump guns (32) is two, and the two pump guns (32) are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the left side of the box body (31);
the incineration assembly (33) is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the box body (31);
the sorting assembly (34) is arranged at the top end of the inner cavity of the box body (31);
a first guide pipe (35) arranged on the left side of the bottom end of the incineration assembly (33);
the collecting bin (36) is arranged at the bottom end of the rear side of the sorting component (34) along the left-right direction, and the rear side of the collecting bin (36) extends out of the outer wall of the box body (31);
a second guide pipe (37) arranged at the right side of the bottom end of the sorting component (34), wherein the second guide pipe (37) is communicated with the collection bin (36).
3. The medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system according to claim 2, wherein: the incineration assembly (33) comprises:
the box body (331) is arranged below the inner cavity of the incineration assembly (33) through a bracket along the left-right direction;
the incineration chamber (332) is arranged in the inner cavity of the box body (331), and the bottom end of the first guide pipe (35) penetrates through the inner cavity of the box body (331) and is connected with the inner cavity of the incineration chamber (332);
the burner (333) is arranged on the right side of the box body (331), the output end of the burner (333) penetrates through the box body (331) and extends into the inner cavity of the incineration chamber (332), and the burner (333) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
the combustion improver pump station (334) is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the box body (31), the output end of the combustion improver pump station (334) extends into the inner cavity of the incineration chamber (332), and the combustion improver pump station (334) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
the steam collecting tank (335) is arranged at the top end of the box body (331), and the steam collecting tank (335) extends into the inner cavity of the box body (331);
the air pump (336) is arranged on the right side of the steam collecting tank (335), and the air pump (336) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
the water tank (337) is arranged at the center of the bottom end of the box body (331);
the first pump body (338) is arranged below the box body (331), a water inlet pipe of the first pump body (338) is connected with the water tank (337), and the first pump body (338) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe (339) is arranged in the inner cavity of the box body (331), the bottom end of the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe (339) extends out of the lower surface of the box body (331) and is connected with a water outlet of the first pump body (338), and the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe (339) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
one end of the water return electromagnetic valve pipe (3310) is connected to the left side of the box body (331), the other end of the water return electromagnetic valve pipe (3310) is connected with the outer side of the water tank (337), and the water return electromagnetic valve pipe (3310) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
the second pump body (3311) is arranged below the box body (331), the second pump body (3311) is connected with one pump gun (32), and the second pump body (3311) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
the connecting solenoid valve pipe (3312) is arranged on the left side of the steam collecting tank (335), the connecting solenoid valve pipe (3312) is connected with another pump gun (32), and the connecting solenoid valve pipe (3312) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
and the flue (3313) is arranged outside the incineration chamber (332), and the outer side of the flue (3313) penetrates through the outer wall of the box body (331) and extends out of the outer side of the box body (31).
4. The medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system according to claim 3, wherein: the sorting assembly (34) comprises:
the shell (341) is arranged at the top end of the inner cavity of the backpack body (51) along the left-right direction, the first guide pipe (35) is connected with the left opening at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the shell (341), and the second guide pipe (37) is connected with the right opening at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the shell (341);
the feeding hole (342) is formed in the left side of the top end of the shell (341), and the feeding hole (342) is connected with the shell (38);
the electric rotating disc (343) is arranged in the inner cavity of the shell (341) and is positioned below the feeding hole (342);
the number of the blocking pieces (344) is two, and the two blocking pieces (344) are respectively arranged in the inner cavity of the box body (31) and positioned on the left side and the right side of the electric turntable (343);
wherein the shape of the baffle plate (344) is an arc shape matched with the outer diameter of the feed port (342).
5. The medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system according to claim 5, wherein: the sorting assembly (34) further comprises:
a mounting seat (345) mounted at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the cylinder (41);
the number of the spring rods (346) is four, and the four spring rods (346) are respectively arranged at four outer corners of the mounting seat (345);
the screening plate (347) is installed at the top ends of the inner sides of the four spring rods (346) and is positioned below the right baffle plate (344);
the servo motor (348) is arranged on the inner side of the mounting seat (345), and the servo motor (348) is electrically connected with the controller (2);
a first belt pulley (349) which is connected with the output end of the servo motor (348) through screws;
a second belt pulley (3410) rotatably connected to the left side of the mounting seat (345) through a pin;
a cam (3411) screwed to an axial center of the second pulley (3410);
and one end of a connecting rod (3412) is rotatably connected to the far hub end of the cam (3411) through a pin shaft, and the other end of the connecting rod (3412) is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the screening plate (347) through a pin shaft.
6. The medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system of claim 6, wherein: the heating mechanism (5) comprises:
a backpack body (51) that is embedded in the back of the protective garment (4);
a plug-in valve nozzle (52) arranged at the outer bottom end of the backpack body (51);
a ventilation opening (53) provided at the inner front end of the backpack body (51);
a heat sink (54) provided inside the backpack body (51);
a heat dissipating pipe (55) embedded in a serpentine shape inside the heat dissipating fin (54), the heat dissipating fin (54) being connected to the insertion type valve nozzle (52) through a pipe;
the number of the fans (56) is two, and the two fans (56) are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the rear side of the radiating fin (54);
the control power supply (57) is arranged at the bottom end of the inner cavity of the backpack main body (51), the control power supply (57) is electrically connected with the fan (56), and the control power supply (57) is connected with the controller (2) through a remote network.
7. The working method of the medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the working personnel move the movable vehicle body (1) to the bottom end of outdoor specified measurement, the medical personnel wear the protective clothing (4), the working personnel control the controller (2) to sequentially start the electric rotating disc (343) and the servo motor (348), the working personnel open (38) to put medical wastes such as quarantine or detection into the surface of the electric rotating disc (343) from the feed inlet (342), the electric rotating disc (343) throws out the wastes under the action of self-rotation force to separate the wastes under the action of self-gravity, gauze or hemostatic cotton sheets and the like with lighter materials enter the first guide pipe (35) below along the left blocking piece (344), wastes such as cotton swabs or needles with heavier materials enter the sieving plate (347) along the right blocking piece (344), the 318 drives the first belt pulley (349) to rotate, and the second belt pulley (3410) is driven to rotate by the cam (3411) under the action of the first belt pulley (349), the cam (3411) drives one end of the connecting rod (3412) to move circumferentially, the connecting rod (3412) drives the screening plate (347) to vibrate under the cooperation of the cam (316), and then the garbage in the screening plate (347) is separated under the action of gravity, the light combustible materials enter the first guide pipe (35), the non-combustible materials enter the second guide pipe (37), and the non-combustible materials enter the collecting bin (36) from the second guide pipe (37) for centralized collection;
step two: combustible garbage enters the incineration chamber (332) through a first guide pipe (35), a worker controls a controller (2) to sequentially start a combustion improver pump station (334), a burner (333), a first pump body (338), a water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe (339) and a water return electromagnetic valve pipe (3310), the combustion improver pump station (334) pumps an internal combustion improver into the incineration chamber (332), the burner (333) is started and ignited and controls the internal oxygen amount, the garbage in the incineration chamber (332) is combusted, the first pump body (338) pumps water in the water tank (337) into the tank body (331) through the water inlet electromagnetic valve pipe (339), and heat generated by combustion in the incineration chamber (332) boils water in the tank body (331) to generate steam and enters a steam collection tank (335) to be collected;
step three: a worker holds a pump gun (32) connected with a connecting electromagnetic valve pipe (3312) and inserts the pump gun into an inserted valve nozzle (52), a control controller (2) sequentially starts an air pump (336), the connecting electromagnetic valve pipe (3312) and a control power supply (57), the connecting electromagnetic valve pipe (3312) is started, the air pump (336) pressurizes the hot steam in a steam collecting tank (335) and then discharges the pressurized hot steam into a radiating pipe (55) through the pump gun (32) and the inserted valve nozzle (52) at corresponding positions, the steam in the radiating pipe (55) radiates the heat through a radiating fin (54) and forms hot air around the radiating fin, a program in the control power supply (57) controls the fan (56) to start, the fan (56) blows the hot air around the radiating fin (54) into a protective garment (4) through the ventilating hole (53) to heat up, so as to ensure the outdoor normal activities of the medical worker, and after the heat of the steam in a heating mechanism (5) is dissipated, the staff inserts pump gun (32) with being connected with the second pump body (3311) in bayonet valve mouth (52) to control controller (2) start the second pump body (3311), and the inside comdenstion water suction of cooling tube (55) is discharged through pump gun (32) to the second pump body (3311) and is recycled to water tank (337), simultaneously with the inside headroom of cooling tube (55) in order to add the steam next time, and then realize the circulation and heat.
CN202210126816.3A 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 Medical epidemic prevention solid waste treatment system Active CN114472451B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20010011457A1 (en) * 2000-02-03 2001-08-09 Hiromu Shishido Apparatus and method for resource recovery from organic substance
CN201875684U (en) * 2010-12-02 2011-06-22 刘雷 Environmentally friendly and highly efficient steam boiler
CN202162200U (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-03-14 福建南平家禾锅炉制造有限公司 Mobile garbage disposal depot
CN206861684U (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-01-09 郝光照 Water-electricity integrated air conditioner heat blower fan
CN215303244U (en) * 2021-07-06 2021-12-28 张洪碧 Novel ventilative medical treatment protective clothing

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20010011457A1 (en) * 2000-02-03 2001-08-09 Hiromu Shishido Apparatus and method for resource recovery from organic substance
CN201875684U (en) * 2010-12-02 2011-06-22 刘雷 Environmentally friendly and highly efficient steam boiler
CN202162200U (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-03-14 福建南平家禾锅炉制造有限公司 Mobile garbage disposal depot
CN206861684U (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-01-09 郝光照 Water-electricity integrated air conditioner heat blower fan
CN215303244U (en) * 2021-07-06 2021-12-28 张洪碧 Novel ventilative medical treatment protective clothing

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