CN114436019A - Conveying and leveling device and system for printing textile fabric - Google Patents

Conveying and leveling device and system for printing textile fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114436019A
CN114436019A CN202210251755.3A CN202210251755A CN114436019A CN 114436019 A CN114436019 A CN 114436019A CN 202210251755 A CN202210251755 A CN 202210251755A CN 114436019 A CN114436019 A CN 114436019A
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fabric
water
module
fixedly connected
tension
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罗明军
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/04Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally
    • B65H23/18Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally by controlling or regulating the web-advancing mechanism, e.g. mechanism acting on the running web
    • B65H23/195Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally by controlling or regulating the web-advancing mechanism, e.g. mechanism acting on the running web in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations
    • B65H23/1955Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally by controlling or regulating the web-advancing mechanism, e.g. mechanism acting on the running web in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations and controlling web tension
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/04Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally
    • B65H23/18Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally by controlling or regulating the web-advancing mechanism, e.g. mechanism acting on the running web
    • B65H23/182Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally by controlling or regulating the web-advancing mechanism, e.g. mechanism acting on the running web in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations
    • B65H23/1825Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs longitudinally by controlling or regulating the web-advancing mechanism, e.g. mechanism acting on the running web in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations and controlling web tension
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01LMEASURING FORCE, STRESS, TORQUE, WORK, MECHANICAL POWER, MECHANICAL EFFICIENCY, OR FLUID PRESSURE
    • G01L5/00Apparatus for, or methods of, measuring force, work, mechanical power, or torque, specially adapted for specific purposes
    • G01L5/04Apparatus for, or methods of, measuring force, work, mechanical power, or torque, specially adapted for specific purposes for measuring tension in flexible members, e.g. ropes, cables, wires, threads, belts or bands
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N15/00Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume or surface-area of porous materials
    • G01N15/08Investigating permeability, pore-volume, or surface area of porous materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/10Handled articles or webs
    • B65H2701/17Nature of material
    • B65H2701/174Textile, fibre

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Dispersion Chemistry (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Analytical Chemistry (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Immunology (AREA)
  • Pathology (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Fiber Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a conveying and leveling device and a system for printed textile fabric, which comprises a detection device and an intelligent fabric conveying system, wherein the detection device comprises a base, two groups of side plates are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the base, upper shafts are respectively connected to the middles of the upper ends of the two groups of side plates in a bearing manner, a motor is fixedly connected to the upper end of one side plate, the upper shaft is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor, upper wheels are respectively fixedly connected to the front-end excircles of the two groups of upper shafts, lower shafts are respectively connected to the middles of the lower ends of the two groups of side plates in a bearing manner, lower wheels are respectively fixedly connected to the front-end excircles of the lower shafts in a bearing manner, a discharging roller is fixedly connected to the middle of the left lower wheel, a receiving roller is fixedly connected to the middle of the right lower wheel, a plurality of telescopic rods are respectively arranged on the excircles of the two lower wheels, and matching wheels are respectively connected to the inner bearings of the telescopic rods, according to the invention, the waterproof performance and grading function of the fabric can be intelligently detected conveniently and efficiently.

Description

Conveying and leveling device and system for printing textile fabric
Technical Field
The invention is applied to a textile conveying background, and discloses a conveying leveling device and a conveying leveling system for a printed textile fabric.
Background
The waterproof fabric is a novel textile fabric, the components of the fabric are made of a high-molecular waterproof breathable material and a cloth composite fabric, the waterproof fabric cannot be wet when encountering water, and cannot chemically react with water.
However, the existing waterproof fabric in the market is mixed with fish and dragon, the waterproof effect cannot reach the expected effect, the existing detection methods are all sampling detection, the integral detection cannot be achieved, and the waterproof performance of the fabric has a lot of uncertainty.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a conveying and leveling device and system for printed textile fabric, which can achieve the functions of intelligently detecting the water resistance of the fabric and grading.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a conveying and leveling device and a conveying and leveling system for printed textile fabrics, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a conveying and leveling device and a system for printing textile fabric, which comprises a detection device and an intelligent fabric conveying system, the detection device comprises a base, two groups of side plates are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the base, upper shafts are respectively connected to the middles of the upper ends of the two groups of side plates through bearings, the upper ends of the side plates on one side are fixedly connected with a motor, the upper shafts on one side are fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor, upper wheels are respectively fixedly connected to the excircles of the front ends of the two groups of upper shafts, lower shafts are respectively connected to the middles of the lower ends of the two groups of side plates through bearings, the excircle at the front end of the lower shaft is fixedly connected with a lower wheel, the middle of the lower wheel on the left side is fixedly connected with a discharging roller, the middle of the lower wheel on the right side is fixedly connected with a receiving roller, the excircles of the two lower wheels are respectively provided with a plurality of groups of telescopic rods, the inner side bearing of the telescopic rod is connected with a matching wheel, and the matching wheel is connected with an upper wheel belt.
In one embodiment, the middle of the upper shaft is fixedly connected with belt pulleys, two groups of the belt pulleys are connected through a belt, the outer side of the belt is fixedly connected with a cylinder at equal intervals, the cylinder is of a hollow structure, the cylinder penetrates through the belt and is of a telescopic structure, the lower end of the cylinder is provided with a pressure sensor, the middle of the upper end of the base is fixedly connected with a support, the middle of the upper end of the support is fixedly connected with a spray head, the spray head is connected with a water source pipeline, a valve is arranged in a connecting pipeline of the spray head and the water source, the side surface of the support is provided with a camera, the right side of the support is provided with a mounting frame, the upper end of the mounting frame is fixedly connected with a fan, the right side of the base is provided with a small plate, the upper end of the small plate is fixedly connected with an induction spring, the upper end of the induction spring is fixedly connected with a water collecting tank, the right side of the water collecting tank is provided with a water discharge pipe, and the tail end of the water discharge pipe is provided with a water pump.
In one embodiment, the intelligent fabric conveying system comprises an intelligent control module, an intelligent detection module and an intelligent operation module, wherein the intelligent control module, the intelligent detection module and the intelligent operation module are electrically connected through radio;
the intelligent control module comprises a data recording module, a data operation module, a logic judgment module and a time control module, the intelligent detection module comprises a tension detection module, a water leakage detection module and a water quantity detection module, the intelligent operation module comprises a drainage module, a water spraying module, a conveying module, an air drying module and a telescopic module, and the conveying module comprises a fabric conveying unit, a cylinder conveying unit and an adjusting unit;
the tension detection module is electrically connected with the pressure sensor, the water leakage detection module is electrically connected with the camera, the water quantity detection module is electrically connected with the induction spring, the water drainage module is electrically connected with the water pump, the water spray module is electrically connected with the spray head, the fabric conveying unit and the cylinder conveying unit are electrically connected with the motor, the adjusting unit is electrically connected with the telescopic rod, the air drying module is electrically connected with the fan, and the telescopic module is electrically connected with the cylinder.
In one embodiment, the operation of the intelligent fabric conveying system comprises the following steps:
s1, placing the fabric which is completely rolled at the position of the discharging roller, pulling out a section of the fabric to be fixed with the receiving roller, starting an intelligent fabric conveying system, and detecting the waterproof performance of the fabric while the fabric is rolled in sections;
s2, acquiring tension information of the fabric in real time by using a tension detection module, acquiring water leakage state information of the fabric by using a water leakage detection module, acquiring increasing amount information of water in a water collection tank by using a water amount detection module, and storing the increasing amount information and a preset value of an intelligent fabric conveying system in a data recording module;
s3, detecting and evaluating the waterproof performance of the fabric in sections according to the collected data, grading according to the evaluation result, and marking the fabric at the corresponding position by using a specific label;
s4, when the fabric is detected, the data operation module is used for calculating to determine the strategy of fabric tension adjustment, and the tension transmitted by the fabric is adjusted through the adjustment unit;
and S5, repeating S2-S4 to complete the marking of the waterproof grade of the fabric and tension control in the winding process.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: according to the invention, by arranging the detection device and the intelligent fabric conveying system, the waterproof performance detection and the rating marking of the fabric can be completed by observing the dripping state and the amount of the residual water, and the speeds of the discharging roller and the receiving roller are adjusted by utilizing the diameter change of the lower wheel during detection, so that the purpose of ensuring the stable fabric transmission is achieved.
Drawings
The technical solution and other advantages of the present application will become apparent from the detailed description of the embodiments of the present application with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial schematic view of the lower wheel of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of system module interrelationships of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a base; 2. a side plate; 3. an upper shaft; 4. a belt pulley; 5. a lower shaft; 6. a discharging roller; 7. A material receiving roller; 8. a lower wheel; 9. an upper wheel; 10. a belt; 11. a cylinder; 12. a support; 13. a spray head; 14. A platelet; 15. a water collection tank; 16. a water discharge pipe; 17. a water pump; 18. an induction spring; 19. a fan; 20. a camera; 21. a telescopic rod; 22. a mating wheel; 23. a motor; 24. and (7) mounting frames.
Detailed Description
The following disclosure provides many different embodiments or examples for implementing different features of the application. In order to simplify the disclosure of the present application, specific example components and arrangements are described below. Of course, they are merely examples and are not intended to limit the present application. Moreover, the present application may repeat reference numerals and/or letters in the various examples, such repetition is for the purpose of simplicity and clarity and does not in itself dictate a relationship between the various embodiments and/or configurations discussed. In addition, examples of various specific processes and materials are provided herein, but one of ordinary skill in the art may recognize applications of other processes and/or use of other materials.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: the utility model provides a carry leveling device and system for stamp textile fabric, contains detection device and intelligent surface fabric conveying system, its characterized in that: the detection device comprises a base 1, two groups of side plates 2 are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the base 1, upper shafts 3 are respectively and fixedly connected to the middles of the upper ends of the two groups of side plates 2 through bearings, a motor 23 is fixedly connected to the upper end of one side of each side plate 2, the upper shaft 3 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor 23, upper wheels 9 are respectively and fixedly connected to the front excircles of the two groups of upper shafts 3, lower shafts 5 are respectively and fixedly connected to the middles of the lower ends of the two groups of side plates 2 through bearings, lower wheels 8 are respectively and fixedly connected to the front excircles of the lower shafts 5, a discharge roller 6 is fixedly connected to the middle of the lower wheel 8 at the left side, a material receiving roller 7 is fixedly connected to the middle of the lower wheel 8 at the right side, a plurality of telescopic rods 21 are respectively arranged on the excircles of the lower wheels 8, matching wheels 22 are respectively and are connected to the inner side bearings of the telescopic rods 21, the matching wheels 22 are respectively connected to the belt of the upper wheels 9, belt pulleys 4 are respectively and connected to the belt wheels 10, the outer side of the belt 10 is fixedly connected with a cylinder 11 at equal intervals, the cylinder 11 is of a hollow structure, the cylinder 11 penetrates through the belt 10 and is of a telescopic structure, the lower end of the cylinder 11 is provided with a pressure sensor, the middle of the upper end of the base 1 is fixedly connected with a support 12, the middle of the upper end of the support 12 is fixedly connected with a spray head 13, the spray head 13 is connected with a water source pipeline, a valve is arranged in a connecting pipeline of the spray head 13 and the water source, the side surface of the support 12 is provided with a camera 20, the right side of the support 12 is provided with an installation frame 24, the upper end of the installation frame 24 is fixedly connected with a fan 19, the right side of the base 1 is provided with a small plate 14, the upper end of the small plate 14 is fixedly connected with an induction spring 18, the upper end of the induction spring 18 is fixedly connected with a water collecting tank 15, the right side of the water collecting tank 15 is provided with a water discharge pipe 16, the tail end of the water discharge pipe 16 is provided with a water pump 17, and by arranging a detection device and an intelligent fabric conveying system, the waterproof performance detection and the rating marking of the fabric can be finished by observing the dripping state and the amount of residual water, and the speed of the discharging roller 6 and the speed of the receiving roller 7 are adjusted by utilizing the diameter change of the lower wheel 8 during detection, so that the purpose of ensuring the stable transmission of the fabric is achieved;
the intelligent fabric conveying system comprises an intelligent control module, an intelligent detection module and an intelligent operation module, wherein the intelligent control module, the intelligent detection module and the intelligent operation module are in wireless electrical connection;
the intelligent control module comprises a data recording module, a data operation module, a logic judgment module and a time control module, the intelligent detection module comprises a tension detection module, a water leakage detection module and a water quantity detection module, the intelligent operation module comprises a drainage module, a water spray module, a conveying module, an air drying module and a telescopic module, and the conveying module comprises a fabric conveying unit, a cylinder conveying unit and an adjusting unit;
the tension detection module is electrically connected with the pressure sensor, the water leakage detection module is electrically connected with the camera 20, the water quantity detection module is electrically connected with the induction spring 18, the drainage module is electrically connected with the water pump 17, the water spraying module is electrically connected with the spray head 13, the fabric conveying unit and the cylinder conveying unit are electrically connected with the motor 23, the adjusting unit is electrically connected with the telescopic rod 21, the air drying module is electrically connected with the fan 19, and the telescopic module is electrically connected with the cylinder 11;
the data recording module is used for recording various data acquired in real time and comprises a preset value of an intelligent fabric conveying system, the data operation module is used for calculating the recorded data, the logic judgment module is used for analyzing and judging a calculation result and determining an adjustment and grading strategy, the time control module is used for controlling time parameters of each action of the system, the tension detection module is used for acquiring tension information of the fabric in real time, the water leakage detection module is used for acquiring water leakage state information of the fabric, the water quantity detection module is used for acquiring increased quantity information of water in the water collecting tank 15, the water drainage module is used for draining the water in the water collecting tank 15, the water spraying module is used for spraying water to the fabric, the conveying module is used for controlling conveying of the fabric and the cylinder 11 and enabling the fabric and the cylinder 11 to be matched, the air drying module is used for air drying the fabric, and the telescopic module is used for enabling the cylinder 11 to be in contact with the fabric;
the operation of the intelligent fabric conveying system comprises the following steps:
s1, placing the rolled fabric at the position of the material placing roller 6, pulling out a section of the fabric to be fixed with the material receiving roller 7, starting an intelligent fabric conveying system, and detecting the waterproof performance of the fabric while the fabric is rolled in sections;
s2, acquiring tension information of the fabric in real time by using the tension detection module, acquiring water leakage state information of the fabric by using the water leakage detection module, acquiring increment information of water in the water collection tank 15 by using the water quantity detection module, and storing the increment information and a preset value of the intelligent fabric conveying system in the data recording module;
s3, detecting and evaluating the waterproof performance of the fabric in sections according to the collected data, grading according to the evaluation result, and marking the fabric at the corresponding position by using a specific label;
s4, when the fabric is detected, the data operation module is used for calculating to determine the strategy of fabric tension adjustment, and the tension transmitted by the fabric is adjusted through the adjustment unit;
s5, repeating S2-S4 to complete the marking of the waterproof grade of the fabric and tension control in the winding process;
the data acquisition method in S2 is as follows:
s21, under the drive of the motor, the belt 10 is transmitted at equal speed and at equal intervals according to a certain beat;
s22, the initial fabric conveying speed is the same as that of the belt 10;
s23, when the belt 10 and the fabric are synchronously conveyed, the cylinder 11 at the lower end of the belt 10 extends to be closely contacted with the fabric, and the extending height of each time is equal;
s24, when the cylinder 11 moves to the lower part of the spray head 13, the water M with a fixed quantity is injected into the cylinder 11 by the spray head 13Water (W)When water is injected, the camera 20 is utilized to observe whether water drops, and the water injection time is set to be T, which is the interval time of the sectional transmission of the fabric;
s25, conveying the fabric to the next station after water injection, and air-drying the lower end of the fabric by using a fan 19;
s26, the fabric is continuously conveyed and collected by the material collecting roller 7, residual moisture on the fabric enters the water collecting tank 15, meanwhile, the induction spring 18 is used for collecting quality data, the water collecting tank 15 is emptied once every T time, and the mass of the water collecting tank 15 is set to be M0
The acquired data parameters are set, so that the subsequent calculation and the quantification of analysis are facilitated;
the method for grading and marking the waterproof performance of the fabric in S3 comprises the following steps:
s31, judging that the fabric is unqualified when water drops, judging that the fabric is qualified when no water drops, and performing grade evaluation according to a subsequent detection result in S24;
s32, in S26, setting the mass of the water collection tank 15 collected in real time as M, and then:
when M is equal to M0+MWater (I)If the fabric is not water-permeable, judging the fabric to be A-grade;
when in use
Figure RE-GDA0003587275330000071
If the water seepage is less, judging the water seepage as grade B;
when in use
Figure RE-GDA0003587275330000072
When the water seepage is more, judging the water seepage to be grade C;
grading and marking the waterproof performance of the fabric according to the detection result, so that the subsequent fabric can be conveniently classified for use;
the fabric tension adjusting time in the step S4 is as follows:
in the process of fabric transmission, the diameter of the material roll on the discharging roller 6 is gradually reducedThe diameter of the material roll on the material receiving roller 7 is gradually increased, and the rotating angular speeds of the material roll and the material receiving roller are consistent, so that the tension of the fabric is gradually increased, the value collected by the pressure sensor is increased, and the average value collected at the moment t of the pressure sensor is set to be FtAnd then:
Figure RE-GDA0003587275330000073
wherein
Figure RE-GDA0003587275330000074
The values collected by the ith pressure sensor at the time t are shown, n represents the number of the pressure sensors, and the collected values in the initial state are all set to be F0And then:
when 95% F0≤Ft≤105%F0In the process, the tension of the fabric does not need to be adjusted;
when F is presentt>105%F0When the transmission is stopped, the tension of the fabric needs to be adjusted by changing the diameters of the lower wheels 8 at the two sides;
determining the time for adjusting the fabric tension according to the fabric transmission condition to ensure smooth fabric transmission;
the method for determining the fabric tension adjustment amplitude of S4 is as follows:
along with the fabric rolling, the speed that the diameter of the fabric roll on the discharging roller 6 is reduced becomes fast, the speed that the diameter of the fabric roll on the receiving roller 7 is increased becomes slow, the rolling time is longer, the difference between the two is larger, the tension change amplitude is accurately adjusted in the T time, and the change of the pressure sensor data in the T time is set to be delta F, then:
when delta F is more than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to 0.5 percent of F0When the tension is small in change within the time T, the left lower wheel 8 is adjusted to be in the first gear, and the right lower wheel 8 is adjusted to be in the first gear;
when 0.5% F0<ΔF<1%F0When the tension changes moderately within the time T, the left lower wheel 8 is adjusted to two gears, and the right lower wheel 8 is adjusted to one gear;
when Δ F>1%F0When the tension is adjusted, the left lower wheel 8 is adjusted by two gears, and the right lower wheel 8 is adjusted by two gears;
according to the change condition of the fabric tension in unit time, different strategies are adopted during adjustment, so that the fabric is conveyed smoothly, and the adjustment times are minimum;
the method of tension adjustment in S4 is as follows:
through the extension and the shortening of telescopic link 21, control cooperation wheel 22 expand outward with contract inward to change the cooperation diameter of lower round 8 and belt, and then reach the rotation speed that changes blowing roller 6 and receipts material roller 7, control the tensile purpose of surface fabric, set for left lower round 8 and have the diameter and reduce the adjustment function, the lower round 8 on right side has the adjustment function that the diameter increases, the lower round 8 of both sides is adjusted one shelves at every turn simultaneously, tension changes 2.5% F0
In the description of the present application, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; may be mechanically connected, may be electrically connected or may be in communication with each other; may be directly connected, may be internal to the two elements or may be in an interactive relationship with the two elements. The above terms are understood in the present application by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
The above detailed description is provided for a cleaning device provided in the embodiments of the present application, and the principle and the implementation of the present application are explained in the present application by applying specific examples, and the description of the above embodiments is only used to help understanding the technical solution and the core idea of the present application; those of ordinary skill in the art will understand that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a carry leveling device for stamp textile fabric, contains detection device, its characterized in that: the detection device comprises a base (1), wherein the left side and the right side of the base (1) are fixedly connected with two groups of side plates (2), the middle of the upper end of each of the two groups of side plates (2) is fixedly connected with an upper shaft (3) through a bearing, the upper end of each of the two groups of side plates (2) is fixedly connected with a motor (23), one side of each of the upper shafts (3) is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor (23), the outer circles of the front ends of the two groups of upper shafts (3) are fixedly connected with an upper wheel (9), the middle of the lower ends of the two groups of side plates (2) is fixedly connected with a lower shaft (5) through a bearing, the outer circle of the front end of the lower shaft (5) is fixedly connected with a lower wheel (8), the middle of the left side of the lower wheel (8) is fixedly connected with a discharging roller (6), the middle of the right side of the lower wheel (8) is fixedly connected with a receiving roller (7), and the outer circles of the lower wheel (8) are respectively provided with a plurality of groups of telescopic rods (21), the inside bearing of telescopic link (21) is connected with cooperation wheel (22), cooperation wheel (22) and last round (9) belt are connected.
2. A conveying and levelling device for printed textile fabrics, according to claim 1, characterized in that: the middle of the upper shaft (3) is fixedly connected with belt pulleys (4), the two groups of belt pulleys (4) are connected through a belt (10), the outer side of the belt (10) is fixedly connected with a cylinder (11) in an equal distance mode, the cylinder (11) is of a hollow structure, the cylinder (11) penetrates through the belt (10) and is of a telescopic structure, the lower end of the cylinder (11) is provided with a pressure sensor, the middle of the upper end of the base (1) is fixedly connected with a support (12), the middle of the upper end of the support (12) is fixedly connected with a spray head (13), the spray head (13) is connected with a water source pipeline, a valve is arranged in a connecting pipeline of the spray head (13) and a water source, the side face of the support (12) is provided with a camera (20), the right side of the support (12) is provided with a mounting frame (24), and the upper end of the mounting frame (24) is fixedly connected with a fan (19), the water-saving water tank is characterized in that a small plate (14) is arranged on the right side of the base (1), an induction spring (18) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the small plate (14), a water collecting tank (15) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the induction spring (18), a water discharging pipe (16) is arranged on the right side of the water collecting tank (15), and a water pump (17) is arranged at the tail end of the water discharging pipe (16).
3. A delivery levelling system for printed textile fabric as claimed in claim 2 comprising an intelligent fabric transfer system, characterised in that: the intelligent fabric conveying system comprises an intelligent control module, an intelligent detection module and an intelligent operation module, wherein the intelligent control module, the intelligent detection module and the intelligent operation module are in wireless electrical connection;
the intelligent control module comprises a data recording module, a data operation module, a logic judgment module and a time control module, the intelligent detection module comprises a tension detection module, a water leakage detection module and a water quantity detection module, the intelligent operation module comprises a drainage module, a water spraying module, a conveying module, an air drying module and a telescopic module, and the conveying module comprises a fabric conveying unit, a cylinder conveying unit and an adjusting unit;
the tension detection module is electrically connected with the pressure sensor, the water leakage detection module is electrically connected with the camera (20), the water quantity detection module is electrically connected with the induction spring (18), the water drainage module is electrically connected with the water pump (17), the water spray module is electrically connected with the spray head (13), the fabric conveying unit and the cylinder conveying unit are electrically connected with the motor (23), the adjusting unit is electrically connected with the telescopic rod (21), the air drying module is electrically connected with the fan (19), and the telescopic module is electrically connected with the cylinder (11).
4. A delivery levelling system for a printed textile fabric as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the operation of the intelligent fabric conveying system comprises the following steps:
s1, placing the fabric which is completely rolled at the position of the discharging roller (6), pulling out a section of the fabric to be fixed with the receiving roller (7), starting an intelligent fabric conveying system, and detecting the waterproof performance of the fabric while the fabric is rolled in sections;
s2, acquiring tension information of the fabric in real time by using a tension detection module, acquiring water leakage state information of the fabric by using a water leakage detection module, acquiring increment information of water in a water collection tank (15) by using a water quantity detection module, and storing the increment information and a preset value of an intelligent fabric conveying system in a data recording module;
s3, detecting and evaluating the waterproof performance of the fabric in sections according to the collected data, grading according to the evaluation result, and marking the fabric at the corresponding position by using a specific label;
s4, when the fabric is detected, the data operation module is used for calculating, the strategy of fabric tension adjustment is determined, and the tension transmitted by the fabric is adjusted through the adjusting unit;
and S5, repeating S2-S4 to complete the marking of the waterproof grade of the fabric and tension control in the winding process.
5. A delivery levelling system for a printed textile fabric as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the data acquisition method in S2 is as follows:
s21, under the drive of the motor, the belt (10) is transmitted at equal speed and equal distance according to a certain beat;
s22, the initial conveying speed of the fabric is the same as that of the belt (10);
s23, when the belt (10) and the fabric are synchronously conveyed, the cylinder (11) at the lower end of the belt (10) extends to be closely contacted with the fabric, and the extending height of each time is equal;
s24, when the cylinder (11) moves to the lower part of the spray head (13), the spray head (13) is used for injecting a certain amount of water M into the cylinder (11)Water (W)When water is injected, a camera (20) is utilized to observe whether water drips or not, and the water injection time is set to be T, and the water injection time is the interval time of sectional transmission of the fabric;
s25, conveying the rear fabric to the next station after water injection is completed, and air-drying the lower end of the fabric by using a fan (19);
s26, the fabric is continuously conveyed and collected by the material collecting roller (7), residual moisture on the fabric enters the water collecting tank (15), meanwhile, the induction spring (18) is used for collecting quality data, the water collecting tank (15) is emptied once every T time, and the mass of the water collecting tank (15) is set to be M0
Through setting the parameters of the acquired data, the quantification of subsequent calculation and analysis is facilitated.
6. A delivery levelling system for a printed textile fabric as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the method for grading and marking the waterproof performance of the fabric in the S3 comprises the following steps:
s31, judging that the fabric is unqualified when water drops, judging that the fabric is qualified when no water drops, and performing grade evaluation according to a subsequent detection result in S24;
s32, in S26, the mass acquired by the water collecting tank (15) in real time is set to be M, and then:
when M is equal to M0+MWater (W)If the fabric is not water-permeable, judging the fabric to be A-grade;
when in use
Figure FDA0003547211950000041
If the water seepage is less, judging the water seepage as grade B;
when in use
Figure FDA0003547211950000042
When the water seepage is more, judging the water seepage as grade C;
and grading and marking the waterproof performance of the fabric according to the detection result, so that the subsequent fabric can be conveniently classified for use.
7. A delivery levelling system for a printed textile fabric as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the fabric tension adjusting time in the step S4 is as follows:
in the process of fabric transmission, the diameter of the material roll on the discharging roller (6) is gradually reduced, the diameter of the material roll on the receiving roller (7) is gradually increased, the rotating angular speeds of the material roll and the material roll are consistent, the tension of the fabric is gradually increased, the value acquired by the pressure sensor is increased, and the average value acquired at the moment of the pressure sensor t is set to be FtAnd then:
Figure FDA0003547211950000043
wherein
Figure FDA0003547211950000044
The values collected by the ith pressure sensor at the time t are shown, n represents the number of the pressure sensors, and the collected values in the initial state are all set to be F0And then:
when 95% F0≤Ft≤105%F0In the process, the tension of the fabric does not need to be adjusted;
when F is presentt>105%F0When the transmission is stopped, the tension of the fabric needs to be adjusted by changing the diameters of the lower wheels (8) at the two sides;
and the time for adjusting the fabric tension is determined according to the fabric transmission condition, so that the fabric is ensured to be smoothly transmitted.
8. A delivery levelling system for a printed textile fabric as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the method for determining the tension adjustment range of the S4 fabric comprises the following steps:
along with the fabric rolling, the speed of the diameter reduction of the material roll on the discharging roller (6) becomes fast, the speed of the diameter increase of the material roll on the receiving roller (7) becomes slow, the rolling time is longer, the difference between the two is larger, the tension change amplitude is accurately adjusted according to the T time, the change of the pressure sensor data in the T time is set to be delta F, and then:
when delta F is more than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to 0.5 percent of F0When the tension is adjusted, the left lower wheel (8) is adjusted to be in first gear, and the right lower wheel (8) is adjusted to be in first gear;
when the content of F is 0.5 percent0<ΔF<1%F0When the tension is moderate in T time, the left lower wheel (8) is adjusted to two gears, and the right lower wheel (8) is adjusted to one gear;
when Δ F>1%F0When the tension is adjusted, the left lower wheel (8) is adjusted to two gears, and the right lower wheel (8) is adjusted to two gears;
according to the change condition of the fabric tension in unit time, different strategies are adopted during adjustment, so that smooth conveying of the fabric is guaranteed, and the adjustment times are minimum.
9. A delivery levelling system for a printed textile fabric as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the method of tension adjustment in S4 is as follows:
through the extension and the shortening of telescopic link (21), control the outer expanding and the internal contracting of cooperation wheel (22), thereby change the cooperation diameter of lower round (8) and belt, and then reach the rotational speed that changes blowing roller (6) and receipts material roller (7), control the tensile purpose of surface fabric, it has diameter reduction adjustment function to set for left lower round (8), lower round (8) on right side has the adjustment function that the diameter increases, simultaneously lower round (8) of both sides adjust one shelves at every turn, tension changes 2.5% F0
CN202210251755.3A 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 Conveying and leveling device and system for printing textile fabric Pending CN114436019A (en)

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