CN114260555A - Die welding device with multiple stations for ultrasonic welding - Google Patents

Die welding device with multiple stations for ultrasonic welding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114260555A
CN114260555A CN202111662326.7A CN202111662326A CN114260555A CN 114260555 A CN114260555 A CN 114260555A CN 202111662326 A CN202111662326 A CN 202111662326A CN 114260555 A CN114260555 A CN 114260555A
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China
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welding
die
moving
ultrasonic
frame
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CN202111662326.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114260555B (en
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仲华
毕顺
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Cenwoy Automation Technology Shanghai Co Ltd
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Cenwoy Automation Technology Shanghai Co Ltd
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Publication of CN114260555B publication Critical patent/CN114260555B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a die welding device with multiple stations for ultrasonic welding, which is arranged on a supporting device of ultrasonic welding equipment and is used for fixing a workpiece and welding a plurality of welding points of the workpiece, and is characterized by comprising: a mold frame part having an upper mold frame and a lower mold frame provided on the support device; a welding part arranged on the upper die frame and comprising a welding unit; a mold part having a positioning mold; and the moving part is arranged on the lower die frame and used for moving the die part in the horizontal direction, wherein the welding spots are divided into n welding spot groups according to the positions on the workpiece, n is more than or equal to 2, the welding units are arranged into n, the n welding units correspond to n welding stations and are arranged in a straight line, the distribution direction is consistent with the moving direction of the positioning die tire, the n welding units and the n welding spot groups are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the welding units are used for welding all welding spots of the corresponding welding spot groups when the workpiece moves to the corresponding welding stations.

Description

Die welding device with multiple stations for ultrasonic welding
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of machinery, and particularly relates to a multi-station die welding device for ultrasonic welding.
Background
In the prior art, workpieces such as a glove box and an instrument panel of an automobile are provided with a plurality of welding points (welding points) to be welded, fig. 15 shows a structural schematic diagram of the automobile instrument panel, and it is obvious that the welding points 2 of the instrument panel 1 of the automobile are more (26 welding points 2 in the figure), the position change of different welding points 2 along the height fluctuation of the instrument panel in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction is more complicated, and some welding points are closely spaced and even partially overlapped, which brings great challenges to the welding process of the automobile instrument panel.
Therefore, in the prior art, workers generally hold the welding gun to weld each welding point of the automobile instrument panel one by one, however, the manual welding mode consumes a long time and is high in manpower and material resource cost, and the welding quality depends on the experience of the workers, so that the consistency of the welding quality cannot be guaranteed.
In addition, the prior art also has an automatic welding mode, and it specifically adopts the mode that multiaxis formula robot and welder combined together to realize, thereby multiaxis formula robot drives welder and removes and weld each solder joint to header board in proper order. Although the method can solve the problem of welding quality consistency, the welding process still takes a long time because the number of welding points 2 of the automobile instrument panel 1 is large, the position change is complex, the accurate identification of the welding point position is complex, the time is consumed, and the stroke of the multi-axis robot is large.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic bonding having multiple stations.
The invention provides a die welding device with multiple stations for ultrasonic welding, which is arranged on a supporting device of ultrasonic welding equipment and is used for fixing a workpiece and welding a plurality of welding points of the workpiece, and is characterized by comprising: the mould frame part is provided with an upper mould frame and a lower mould frame which are arranged on the supporting device, and the upper mould frame is positioned above the lower mould frame; the welding part is arranged on the upper die frame and comprises a welding unit for welding a welding spot; the die part is provided with a positioning die matched with the workpiece and used for positioning the workpiece; and the moving part is arranged on the lower die frame and used for moving the die part in the horizontal direction, wherein the welding spots are divided into n welding spot groups according to the positions on the workpiece, n is more than or equal to 2, the welding units are arranged into n, the n welding units correspond to n welding stations and are arranged in a straight line, the distribution direction is consistent with the moving direction of the positioning die tire, the n welding units and the n welding spot groups are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the welding units are used for welding all welding spots of the corresponding welding spot groups when the workpiece moves to the corresponding welding stations.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: the moving part comprises a moving guide rail, a moving piece and a moving driving piece for driving the moving piece to move along the moving guide rail, and the die part is arranged on the moving piece.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: the moving part further comprises a limiting guide rail, the limiting guide rail is arranged in parallel with the moving guide rail, and the moving member is sleeved on the moving guide rail and the limiting guide rail.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: the movable guide rail is a screw rod, the moving piece and the movable guide rail form a screw rod nut pair, and the movable driving piece is a driving motor.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: the welding units are provided with welding subunits which correspond to the welding spots in the corresponding welding spot groups one by one, and the welding subunits are used for welding the corresponding welding spots.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: wherein, the welding subunit includes welding assembly and for the welding lifting unit, and welding assembly is used for welding the solder joint, and for the welding lifting unit set up on last die carrier for make welding assembly go up and down.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: the welding subunit further comprises a fixing piece for welding and a lifting buffer piece, the lifting assembly for welding is connected to the fixing piece for welding through the lifting buffer piece, the fixing piece for welding is detachably connected to the upper die frame, and the welding assembly comprises a welding head and an ultrasonic transducer connected with the welding head.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: wherein, go up die carrier and lower die carrier and all detachably set up on strutting arrangement.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: and the workpiece pressing part is arranged on the lower die frame and is used for pressing the workpiece on the positioning die.
The die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to the present invention may further include: wherein the workpiece is a glove box or an instrument panel of an automobile.
Action and Effect of the invention
According to the die welding device with multiple stations for ultrasonic welding, which is disclosed by the invention, the die welding device comprises a die frame part, a welding part and a die part, wherein the die frame part comprises an upper die frame and a lower die frame, the die part is arranged on the lower die frame and is provided with a positioning die matched with a workpiece, the welding part is arranged on the upper die frame and comprises n welding units, the n welding units are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with n welding point groups on the workpiece, and one welding unit can be used for simultaneously welding all welding points in the corresponding welding point group, so that the whole workpiece can be welded by the n welding units in sequence, the welding processing can be finished, and the welding processing time is greatly shortened.
In addition, because this ultrasonic bonding uses mould welding set with multistation still includes the removal portion, the removal portion can make mould portion move in the horizontal direction, n welding unit corresponds n welding station and arranges a straight line distribution, this distribution direction is unanimous with the moving direction of positioning die child, consequently can shift the work piece between each welding station fast through the removal portion, and when the work piece removed to corresponding welding station, the welding unit of this welding station welds all solder joints of corresponding solder joint group simultaneously, and then realizes welding in proper order of each solder joint group fast.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an ultrasonic welding apparatus in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of an ultrasonic welding apparatus with a protective door and a mold welding device removed in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a first schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention showing the structure of an ultrasonic welding apparatus with the protective housing, power supply, control, and die bonding devices removed;
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of an ultrasonic welding apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of an ultrasonic welding apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention, with the protective case, power supply, control, and die bonding devices removed;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a horizontal movement device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic view illustrating a first moving member of the horizontal moving device of fig. 6 in a transparent state according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a die bonding apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a side view of a die bonding apparatus in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a lower mold frame and a third moving part in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view showing a state where the latch unit is latched to the latch post in the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic perspective view of a welding subunit in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic flow chart of a die welding apparatus mounted on a support apparatus in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic flow chart of an ultrasonic welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding of a dashboard of an automobile in an embodiment of the present invention; and
fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of an instrument panel of an automobile in an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation features, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the following embodiments specifically describe the die welding device for ultrasonic welding with multiple stations in combination with the accompanying drawings.
< example >
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an ultrasonic welding apparatus in an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of an ultrasonic welding apparatus with a protective door and a mold welding device removed in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of an ultrasonic welding apparatus in an embodiment of the present invention, with the protective case, power supply, control, and die bonding devices removed; fig. 4 is a block diagram showing the structure of an ultrasonic welding apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the present embodiment provides an ultrasonic welding apparatus 100 for performing welding processing on a workpiece, which is embodied as an instrument panel of an automobile in the present embodiment, and the instrument panel 1 is structured as shown in fig. 15. The ultrasonic welding apparatus 100 includes a supporting device 10, a die welding device 20, a horizontal moving device 30, a vertical moving device 40, a positioning device 50, a rolling device 60, a power supply device 70, and a control device 80.
Wherein, the power supply device 70 and the control device 80 are integrated into one electric cabinet, the power supply device 70 is used for supplying power to the whole equipment, and the control device 80 is used for controlling the operation of the die welding device 20, the horizontal moving device 30, the vertical moving device 40, the positioning device 50 and the rolling device 60.
The support device 10 includes a support portion 11 and a protective case 12 disposed outside the support portion 11. The protective case 12 protects the front, rear, left, right, and upper sides of the support portion 11. The protective case 12 has an openable protective door 121 provided at the front. In the present embodiment, the spatial orientation of the entire apparatus is defined with the direction in which the protection door 121 is located as the "front" of the entire apparatus, the direction of the protective case 12 with respect to the protection door 121 as the "rear" of the entire apparatus, and the position in which the control device 80 is located as the "right side" of the entire apparatus.
As shown in fig. 3, the support part 11 includes a lower support bracket 111, an upper support bracket 112, a lift pin 113, and a stopper plate 114. The upper support frame 112 is disposed on the lower support frame 111. The lifting guide columns 113 are arranged between the upper support frame 112 and the lower support frame 111, the number of the lifting guide columns is 4, and the 4 lifting guide columns 113 are arranged in a rectangle. The two limit plates 114 are respectively connected to the two lifting guide columns 113. The restriction plate 114 extends in a first horizontal direction (a direction indicated by an arrow X in fig. 3), that is, a front-rear direction of the apparatus.
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of an ultrasonic welding apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention, with the protective case, power supply, control, and die bonding devices removed; FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a horizontal movement device according to an embodiment of the present invention; fig. 7 is a schematic view illustrating a first moving member of the horizontal moving device in fig. 6 in a transparent state according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 5 to 7, the horizontal moving device 30 includes a first moving part 31. The first moving part 31 includes a first moving guide 311, a first moving member 312, a slider 313 and a first moving driver 314.
The first moving rail 311 is fixedly disposed on the lower support frame 111 and extends in a first horizontal direction. The first moving guide 311 is provided in two, and the two first moving guides 311 are provided in parallel. In this embodiment, the first moving rail 311 is a slide rail.
The first moving member 312 is a rectangular moving plate, and the first moving member 312 is slidably disposed on the two first moving rails 311 through the sliders 311 disposed on the lower surface. The number of the sliding blocks 311 is 4, wherein every two sliding blocks 311 are in one group and are arranged on one first moving guide rail 311, and a certain distance is reserved between the two sliding blocks 311 in the same group, so that the mounting stability is improved.
The first moving driver 314 is used to drive the first moving member 312 to reciprocate along the longitudinal direction (the first horizontal direction) of the first moving guide 311. The first movable drive 314 is a pneumatic cylinder.
The vertical moving device 40 includes a second moving part 41, and the second moving part 41 includes a second moving guide 411, a second moving member 412, and a second moving driver 413.
The second moving guide 411 is provided on the upper support frame 112 in a vertical direction. In this embodiment, the second moving guide 411 is provided in two and parallel to each other. The second moving guide 411 is a rack.
The second moving member 412 is a rectangular plate and movably disposed on the two second moving rails 411. The second moving member 412 and the second moving rail 411 form a rack and pinion. In addition, the second moving member 412 is movably sleeved on the four lifting guide pillars 113, so that the four lifting guide pillars 113 are limited in the horizontal direction, and the two limiting plates 114 limit the lowest position of the vertical direction moving downwards.
The second moving driver 413 drives the second moving member 412 to move up and down (move) along the second moving rail 411 and the lift pin 113. The second movable driving member 413 is a servo motor disposed on the upper supporting frame 112.
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a die bonding apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 9 is a side view of a die bonding apparatus in an embodiment of the present invention; fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the lower mold frame and the third moving part in the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 4 and 8 to 10, the die bonding apparatus 20 is a multi-station ultrasonic bonding die bonding apparatus for ultrasonic bonding of a plurality of pads 2 of an instrument panel 1, and includes a die frame portion 21, a bonding portion 22, a die portion 23, a third moving portion 24, and a work pressing portion 25.
The mold frame portion 21 is used for mounting the welding portion 22, the mold portion 23, the third moving portion 24, and the work pressing portion 25. The mold frame portion 21 includes an upper mold frame 211 and a lower mold frame 212.
The lower mold frame 212 is detachably disposed on the lower support frame 111 through the horizontal moving device 30, and is driven by the horizontal moving device 30 to move horizontally.
As shown in fig. 10, lower mold frame 212 includes a lower fixing plate 2121, a lower column 2122, and a stopper groove 2123.
The lower fixing plate 2121 is a rectangular flat plate, which is placed on the first moving member 312. The lower fixing plate 2121 has two lateral grooves 21211 opened to the outside (rear side) on the side away from the protective door 121. Four lower posts 2122 are respectively disposed at four corners of the upper surface of the lower fixing plate 2121 for supporting the upper mold frame 211. The four limiting grooves 2123 are disposed on the upper surface of the lower fixing plate 2121 and are divided into two groups, each group including two limiting grooves 2123. Two sets of limiting grooves 2123 are respectively formed at left and right edges of the lower fixing plate 2121.
As shown in fig. 7, the positioning device 50 has a lower positioning portion 52 for positioning the lower mold frame 212 so that the lower mold frame 212 is detachably mounted on the lower support frame 111. The lower positioning part 52 is provided on the first moving member 312, and includes a lower frame pressing unit 521 and a lower frame blocking unit 522.
The lower mold frame pressing unit 521 is used to detachably fix the lower mold frame 212 to the first moving member 312, and includes a turn pressing member 5211 and a turn cylinder 5212. The flip pressing member 5211 has a pressing end fitted into the stopper groove 2123. The overturning cylinder 5212 is used for driving the overturning pressing member 5211 to overturn, so that the pressing end is pressed against the limiting groove 2123, thereby pressing and fixing the lower fixing plate 2121 on the first moving member 312. The lower mold frame pressing units 521 are provided in four, and are provided in one-to-one correspondence with the four limiting grooves 2123.
The lower mold frame blocking unit 522 includes a blocking member 5221, a blocking cylinder 5222, and a blocking post 5223.
The blocking member 5221 is adapted to the shape and size of the lateral recess 21211, and is disposed on the upper surface of the first moving member 312 at a rearward position. The blocking members 5221 are provided in two numbers, and are respectively provided in one-to-one correspondence with the two lateral grooves 21211, and are configured to abut against the lateral grooves 21211 to block and limit the rear side of the lower fixing plate 2121.
The first moving member 312 is further provided with a mounting hole. The blocking cylinder 5222 is disposed on the lower surface of the first moving member 312, and the output end of the blocking cylinder 5222 is connected with a blocking post 5223, which blocking post 5223 is inserted into the mounting hole of the first moving member 312. The blocking cylinder 5222 is used for driving the blocking column 5223 to ascend and descend, and when the blocking column 5223 ascends, the blocking column 5223 is used for blocking and limiting the front side of the lower fixing plate 2121; when the blocking post 5223 is lowered, the top of the blocking post 5223 is lower than the upper surface of the first moving member 312, so that the lower fixing plate 2121 can be smoothly pushed on the upper surface of the first moving member 312.
The upper mold frame 211 is detachably disposed on the upper support frame 112 through the vertical moving device 40, and is driven by the vertical moving device 40 to be lifted.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the upper mold frame 211 includes an upper fixing plate 2111, upper posts 2112, and snap-in posts 2113.
The upper fixing plate 2111 is a rectangular flat plate for mounting on the second moving member 412. The four upper posts 2112 are respectively arranged at four corner positions of the lower surface of the upper fixing plate 2111, and are correspondingly inserted into the four lower posts 2122 one by one. Specifically, the lower column 2122 has a mold-clamping attachment groove 21221 at the top, the upper column 2112 has a mold-clamping plug 21121 at the bottom, the mold-clamping attachment groove 21221 is fitted to the mold-clamping plug 21121, and the plug 21121 can be inserted into the mold-clamping attachment groove 21221 so that the upper mold frame 211 can be detachably attached to the lower mold frame 212. Six engagement posts 2113 are provided on the upper surface of the upper fixing plate 2111, wherein four engagement posts 2113 are provided at four corner positions of the upper fixing plate 2111, respectively, and the remaining two are provided at the front position and the rear position of the middle portion of the upper fixing plate 2111, respectively. The clip post 2113 has two notches 21131 disposed opposite each other
As shown in fig. 5, the positioning device 50 further has an upper positioning portion 51 for positioning the upper mold frame 211 so that the upper mold frame 211 is detachably coupled to the upper support frame 112. The upper positioning portion 51 has six chucking units 511. The clamping units 511 are fixedly arranged on the upper support frame 112, and the six clamping units 511 are arranged corresponding to the six clamping columns 2113 one to one.
FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating a state where the latch unit is latched to the latch post according to the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 11, the chucking unit 511 has a chucking base 5111 and an upper driving member 5112. The clamping seat 5111 is matched with the clamping columns 2113, the upper driving piece 5112 is used for driving the clamping seat 5111 to push forwards or retreat, and when the upper driving piece 5112 drives the clamping seat 5111 to push forwards, the clamping seat 5111 is clamped on the corresponding notch 21131 of the clamping column 2113; when the upper driving member 5112 drives the clamping seat 5111 to retreat, the clamping seat 5111 is disengaged from the clamping post 2113.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the welding part 22 is provided on the upper fixing plate 2111 and has a welding unit 221 for welding the welding spot 2. As shown in fig. 15, the 26 welding spots 2 of the dashboard 1 are divided into 3 welding spot groups according to the positions on the dashboard 1, and the 3 welding spot groups are respectively marked as a first welding spot group, a second welding spot group and a third welding spot group, wherein the first welding spot group includes 12 welding spots 2a, the second welding spot group includes 7 welding spots 2b, and the third welding spot group includes 7 welding spots 2 c.
The number of the welding units 221 is the same as the number of the welding spot groups. The three welding units 221 are arranged in a straight line corresponding to the three welding stations, and the arrangement direction is coincident with the first horizontal direction (the direction indicated by the arrow X in fig. 9). The three welding units 221 are disposed in one-to-one correspondence with the three welding point groups, and the welding units 221 are configured to weld all the welding points 2 of the corresponding welding point groups. The welding unit 221 has a plurality of welding subunits 222 arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of welding points 221 in the corresponding welding point group.
Fig. 12 is a schematic perspective view of a welding subunit in an embodiment of the invention.
As shown in fig. 12, the welding subunit 222 is configured to weld corresponding welding points, and includes a fixing member 2221, a lifting buffer 2222, a welding assembly 2223, and a lifting assembly 2224.
The welding fixture 2221 is detachably coupled to the lower surface of the upper fixing plate 2111 by means of screw coupling. The welding lifting unit 2224 is connected to the welding holder 2221 via a lifting buffer 2222, and is configured to lift and lower the driving welding unit 2224. The welding lift unit 2224 includes a welding cylinder 22241 and a welding connector 22242 connected to an output shaft of the welding cylinder 22241. The welding assembly 2224 includes a welding head 22231 and an ultrasonic transducer 22232. The horn 22231 is coupled to the ultrasonic transducer 22232, and the ultrasonic transducer 22232 is mounted on the welding connector 22242. The welding heads 22231 are adapted to the corresponding welding spots 2 for ultrasonic welding of the welding spots 2. The upper support frame 112 is further provided with an ultrasonic generator 1121, and the ultrasonic transducer 22232 and the ultrasonic generator 1121 are plugged together through a cable. The frequency of the ultrasonic transducer 22232 is 35 KZ.
The three welding units 221 are sequentially referred to as a first welding unit 221a, a second welding unit 221b, and a second welding unit 221b from front to back, and the three welding stations are referred to as a first welding station, a second welding station, and a third welding station, respectively.
As shown in fig. 9 and 10, the third moving part 24 is disposed on the lower fixing plate 2121 and includes a third moving guide 241, a third limit guide 242, a third moving member 243, and a third moving driver 244.
The third moving rail 241 is a lead screw, and extends in the first horizontal direction (the direction indicated by the arrow in fig. 9). The number of the third position-limiting guide rails 242 is two, and the two third position-limiting guide rails 242 are respectively disposed on both sides of the third moving guide rail 241 and parallel to the third moving guide rail 241. The third moving member 243 is a rectangular plate, and the third moving member 243 is movably disposed on the third moving guide 241 and the two third position-limiting guide 242. The third moving member 243 and the third moving guide 241 form a screw nut pair.
The third moving driver 244 is a driving motor, and is disposed on the lower fixing plate 2121 for driving the third moving guide 241 to rotate, so that the moving member 243 moves along the first horizontal direction (front-back direction).
The mold part 23 is provided on the upper surface of the third moving member 243, and has a positioning mold 231 adapted to the shape and size of the instrument panel 1. The number of the positioning molds 231 is one.
The work pressing portion 25 is provided on the upper surface of the third moving member 243 and beside the positioning mold 231 for pressing the instrument panel 1 against the positioning mold 231. The workpiece pressing part is, for example, a pressing block structure driven by an air cylinder, and such a structure is the prior art and is not described in detail herein.
After the workpiece pressing part 25 presses the instrument panel 1 onto the positioning mold 231, the instrument panel is located at the first welding station, and the first welding unit 221a performs ultrasonic welding on all welding points 2a of the first welding point group of the instrument panel 1 at the same time; when the instrument panel 1 moves to the second welding station along the first horizontal direction together with the third moving member, the second welding unit 221b simultaneously performs ultrasonic welding on all the welding points 2b of the second welding point group of the instrument panel 1; when the instrument panel 1 is moved to the third welding station along the first horizontal direction together with the third moving member, the third welding unit 221c simultaneously performs ultrasonic welding on all the welding spots 2c of the third welding spot group of the instrument panel 1.
The mold welding device 20 in this embodiment is transported to the vicinity of the protective door 121 by a transport cart, and then pushed onto the upper surface of the first moving member 312 by pushing. Based on this, the rolling device 60 is further disposed on the first moving member 312.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the rolling device 60 includes two rolling portions 61 arranged side by side. The rolling part 61 includes a plurality of through holes 611 provided on the first moving member 312 and a rolling unit 612.
The plurality of through holes 611 are aligned in a line along the first horizontal direction and are uniformly distributed.
The rolling unit 612 includes a drive assembly 6122, a plurality of bull-eye bearings 6121, and a bearing mounting plate 6123. The plurality of bull-eye bearings 6121 are disposed in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of through holes 611, and are mounted on the bearing mounting plate 6123. The driving assembly 6122 is disposed on the first moving part 312 and is used to drive the bearing mounting plate 6123 to move upward, so that the bull's eye bearing 6121 is disposed through the corresponding through hole 611 and exposed from the upper surface of the first moving part 312. The driving assembly 6122 includes two air cylinders disposed on the first moving member 312.
When the bull's eye bearing 6121 rises and the die welding apparatus 20 is pushed onto the first moving member 312, rolling friction is formed between the bull's eye bearing 6121 and the lower fixing plate 2121, so that the lower fixing plate 2121 can move on the first moving member 312 very smoothly.
The die bonding apparatus 20 further has an interface (not shown) for electrical connection with the power supply apparatus 70.
Fig. 13 is a schematic flow chart of the die welding apparatus mounted on the supporting apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 13, the process of mounting the die welding apparatus 20 to the support apparatus 10 in the present application is as follows:
in step S1-1, the mold welding device 20 is transported to the vicinity of the protective door 121 by a transport cart. The height of the transportation cart is equal to the height of the first moving member 312, so that the mold welding device 20 can be transferred to the first moving member 312 by means of horizontal pushing.
In step S1-2, the control device 80 controls the first movable driving element 314 to move the first movable element 312 to a receiving position close to the protection door 121 along the first horizontal direction.
In step S1-3, the control device 80 controls the driving assembly 6122 of the rolling unit 612 to drive the bull 'S eye bearing 6121 to lift, and at this time, the bull' S eye bearing 6121 is exposed from the upper surface of the first moving member 312.
At step S1-4, the die welding device 20 is pushed manually or by other means in the first horizontal direction and from front to back until the die welding device 20 is stopped by the stopper 5221. In the pushing process, the lower fixing plate 2121 of the die welding device 20 is in contact with the bull's eye bearing 6121, rolling friction is formed between the lower fixing plate 2121 and the bull's eye bearing, and the lower fixing plate 2121 is not in contact with the first moving part 312.
In step S1-5, the controller 80 controls the barrier cylinder 5222 to drive the barrier post 5223 to rise, and the barrier post 5223 blocks and limits the front side of the die bonder 20.
In step S1-6, the control device 80 controls the driving assembly 6122 of the rolling unit 612 to drive the bull' S eye bearing 6121 to descend, and the die welding device 20 falls on the first moving part 312.
In step S1-7, the control device 80 controls the overturning cylinder 5212 to drive the overturning pressing member 5211 to overturn so as to press the lower fixing plate 2121 of the die welding device 20 against the first moving member 312.
In steps 1 to 8, the control device 80 controls the first movable driving element 314 to move the first movable driving element 312 from the receiving position close to the protection door 121 to the safe welding position far from the protection door 121.
In step S1-9, the control device 80 controls the second movable driving member 413 to drive the second moving member 412 to move down to the installation position, and the clamping seat 5111 of the second movable driving member 413 is aligned with the notch 21131 of the clamping column 2113 of the upper mold frame 211.
In step S1-10, the control device 80 controls the upper driving member 5112 to drive the clamping seat 5111 to move forward, so as to clamp on the notch 21131 of the clamping post 2113.
In step S1-11, the control device 80 controls the second movable driving member 413 to drive the second movable member 412 to ascend to the work-off position when the upper mold frame 211 has been separated from the lower mold frame 212 and the bottom of the welding part 22 is higher than the positioning mold 231 by a predetermined height, which is determined by the size of the instrument panel 1, thereby facilitating the placement of the instrument panel 1 on the positioning mold 231.
The above is the installation process of the die welding device 20 on the support device 10, and in the whole process, the actions other than the actions of transporting the die welding device 20 to the vicinity of the protective door 121 and pushing the die welding device 20 into the support device 10 are all automatically completed under the control of the control device 80, so that the time and labor are saved, and the installation is convenient.
In addition, the types or sizes of the workpieces to be welded are different, the die welding device 20 needs to be replaced in a complete set, and the process of removing the die welding device 20 during replacement is basically opposite to the installation process, so that the description is omitted.
After the die bonding apparatus 20 is mounted on the support apparatus 10, a bonding process can be performed.
Fig. 14 is a schematic flow chart of ultrasonic welding of an instrument panel of an automobile by the ultrasonic welding device in the embodiment of the invention.
As shown in fig. 14, the ultrasonic welding apparatus 100 ultrasonic-welds the instrument panel 1 of the automobile including the steps of:
step 2-1, the control device 80 controls the first movable driving member 314 to move the first moving member 312 from the safety welding position to the receiving position.
Step 2-2, the instrument panel 1 is placed on the positioning mold 231.
Step 2-3, the control device 80 controls the workpiece pressing portion 25 to press the instrument panel 1 against the positioning die 231.
In step 2-4, the device 80 controls the first movable driving element 314 to move the first movable driving element 312 from the receiving position to the safety welding position. The positioning die 231 is now positioned at the first welding station.
In step S2-5, the control device 80 controls the second movable driving element 413 to move the second moving element 412 downward to the mounting position, where the upper post 2112 and the lower post 2122 are abutted.
In step S2-6, the control device 80 controls all the welding cylinders 22241 of the first welding unit 221a to drive the corresponding welding heads 22231 downward to the corresponding welding points 2 a.
In step S2-7, the control device 80 controls all the ultrasonic transducers 22232 of the first welding unit 221a to operate so that the corresponding welding heads 22231 perform ultrasonic welding, thereby performing ultrasonic welding on all the welding points 2a of the first welding point group.
In step S2-8, the control device 80 controls all the ultrasonic transducers 22232 of the first welding unit 221a to stop operating.
In step S2-9, the control device 80 controls all the welding cylinders 22241 of the first welding unit 221a to drive the corresponding welding heads 22231 to ascend and retreat, and controls the second movable driving member 413 to drive the second moving member 412 to ascend to the workpiece release position.
In step S2-10, the control device 80 controls the third movable driving element 244 to drive the third movable element 243 to move, so that the positioning mold 231 moves from the first welding station to the second welding station.
In step S2-11, the control device 80 controls the second movable driving element 413 to move the second moving element 412 downwards to the mounting position.
In step S2-12, the control device 80 controls all the welding cylinders 22241 of the second welding unit 221b to drive the corresponding welding heads 22231 downward to the corresponding welding points 2 b.
In step S2-13, the control device 80 controls all the ultrasonic transducers 22232 of the second welding unit 221b to operate so that the corresponding welding heads perform ultrasonic welding, thereby performing ultrasonic welding on all the welding points 2b of the second welding point group.
In step S2-14, the control device 80 controls all the ultrasonic transducers 22232 of the second welding unit 221b to stop operating.
In step S2-15, the control device 80 controls all the welding cylinders 22241 of the second welding unit 221b to drive the corresponding welding heads 22231 to ascend and retreat, and controls the second movable driving member 413 to drive the second moving member 412 to ascend to the workpiece release position.
In step S2-16, the control device 80 controls the third movable driving element 244 to drive the third movable element 243 to move, so that the positioning mold 231 moves from the second welding station to the third welding station.
In step S2-17, the control device 80 controls the second movable driving element 413 to move the second moving element 412 downwards to the mounting position.
In step S2-18, the control device 80 controls all the welding cylinders 22241 of the third welding unit 221c to drive the corresponding welding heads 22231 downward to the corresponding welding points 2 c.
In step S2-19, the control device 80 controls all the ultrasonic transducers 22232 of the third welding unit 221c to operate so that the corresponding welding heads perform ultrasonic welding, thereby performing ultrasonic welding on all the welding points 2c of the third welding point group.
In step S2-20, the control device 80 controls all the ultrasonic transducers 22232 of the third welding unit 221c to stop operating.
In step S2-21, the control device 80 controls all the welding cylinders 22241 of the third welding unit 221c to drive the corresponding welding heads 22231 to ascend and retreat, and controls the second movable driving member 413 to drive the second moving member 412 to ascend to the workpiece release position.
In step S2-22, the control device 80 controls the third movable driving element 244 to drive the third movable element 243 to move, so that the positioning mold 231 moves from the third welding station to the first welding station.
At step S2-23, the device 80 controls the first movable driving member 314 to move the first movable driving member 312 from the safety welding position to the receiving position.
In step S2-24, the control device 80 controls the workpiece pressing portion 25 to turn over and retreat.
And step S2-25, taking out the welded instrument panel 1.
As described above, the ultrasonic welding apparatus 100 performs the welding process on the instrument panel 1 of the automobile, and all the operations other than the operation of taking and placing the instrument panel 1 are automatically completed under the control of the control device 80 in the whole process. When the plurality of instrument panels 1 are welded in batch, the steps S2-1 to S2-25 may be repeated.
Effects and effects of the embodiments
According to the ultrasonic welding mold welding device with multiple stations, the ultrasonic welding mold welding device comprises a mold frame part, a welding part and a mold part, the mold frame part comprises an upper mold frame and a lower mold frame, the mold part is arranged on the lower mold frame and is provided with a positioning mold base matched with a workpiece, the welding part is arranged on the upper mold frame and comprises n welding units, the n welding units are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with n welding point groups on the workpiece, one welding unit can be used for simultaneously welding all welding points in the corresponding welding point group, the whole workpiece can be welded only through the n welding units in sequence, the welding processing can be completed, and the welding processing time is greatly shortened. The multi-station die welding device for ultrasonic welding is very suitable for quickly welding workpieces with the characteristics of more welding points, complex welding point distribution and welding point overlapping, such as glove boxes or instrument panels of automobiles.
In addition, because this ultrasonic bonding uses mould welding set with multistation still includes the third portion of removing, the third portion of removing can make mould portion remove in the horizontal direction, n welding unit corresponds n welding station and arranges a straight line distribution, this distribution direction is unanimous with the moving direction of positioning die child, consequently can shift the work piece between each welding station fast through the third portion of removing, and when the work piece removed to corresponding welding station, the welding unit of this welding station welds simultaneously to all solder joints of the solder joint group that corresponds, and then realizes welding in proper order of each solder joint group fast.
Further, because the third mobile portion includes third removal guide rail, third moving member and third mobile drive spare, the mould portion sets up on the third moving member, consequently just can drive the third moving member through the third mobile drive spare and move along third mobile guide rail to make the work piece of fixing on the third moving member carry out the fast transfer between three welding station.
Further, because the third mobile part still includes third limiting guide, third limiting guide and third mobile guide parallel arrangement, the third moving member cover is established on third mobile guide and third limiting guide, sets up like this and makes the removal of third moving member more stable.
Furthermore, because the third movable guide rail is a lead screw, the third movable part and the movable guide rail form a lead screw nut pair, and the third movable driving part is a driving motor, the moving position of the third movable driving part can be controlled more accurately, and the third movable part is ensured to move accurately to the corresponding welding station.
Furthermore, because the welding units are provided with the welding subunits which correspond to the welding spots in the corresponding welding spot groups one by one, the welding subunits can weld the corresponding welding spots, and therefore, the welding units can weld all the welding spots in the corresponding welding spot groups at the same time.
Further, because the welding subunit also comprises a fixing piece for welding, and the lifting assembly for welding is detachably connected to the upper die carrier through the fixing piece for welding, the position of the welding subunit on the upper die carrier can be easily adjusted, so that the welding subunit can meet the welding processing requirements of different workpieces.
Furthermore, because the welding subunit also comprises a lifting buffer piece, the lifting assembly for welding is connected to the fixing piece for welding through the lifting buffer piece, and therefore the welding of the welding head can be more stable.
Further, because the welding assembly comprises the welding head and the ultrasonic transducer connected with the welding head, the frequency of the ultrasonic transducer is 35KZ, and therefore ultrasonic welding can be well carried out on the instrument panel of the automobile.
Further, because go up the die carrier and all detachably set up on ultrasonic welding equipment's strutting arrangement down, consequently can change whole ultrasonic welding and use mould welding set according to the difference of work piece model to make ultrasonic welding equipment's adaptability better.
Further, because this mould welding set for ultrasonic bonding still compresses tightly the portion including the work piece that sets up on die carrier down, compresses tightly the portion through the work piece and can compress tightly the work piece on the mould child of location, avoids the work piece to take place to remove in welding process, has guaranteed welding process's accuracy nature.
The above embodiments are preferred examples of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a mould welding set for ultrasonic bonding with multistation, sets up on the strutting arrangement of ultrasonic bonding equipment for fixed work piece welds a plurality of solder joints to this work piece, its characterized in that includes:
the mould frame part is provided with an upper mould frame and a lower mould frame which are arranged on the supporting device, and the upper mould frame is positioned above the lower mould frame;
the welding part is arranged on the upper die frame and comprises a welding unit for welding the welding spot;
a die part having a positioning die adapted to the workpiece and used for positioning the workpiece; and
a moving part provided on the lower mold frame for moving the mold part in a horizontal direction,
wherein a plurality of the welding spots are divided into n welding spot groups according to positions on the workpiece, n is greater than or equal to 2,
the number of the welding units is n, the n welding units are arranged in a straight line corresponding to the n welding stations, the distribution direction is consistent with the moving direction of the positioning mould,
the n welding units are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the n welding spot groups, and the welding units are used for welding all the welding spots of the corresponding welding spot groups when the workpiece moves to the corresponding welding stations.
2. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 1, wherein:
wherein the moving part comprises a moving guide rail, a moving piece and a moving driving piece for driving the moving piece to move along the moving guide rail,
the mold part is disposed on the moving member.
3. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 2, wherein:
wherein the moving part also comprises a limit guide rail which is arranged in parallel with the moving guide rail,
the moving member is sleeved on the moving guide rail and the limiting guide rail.
4. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 2, wherein:
wherein the movable guide rail is a screw rod,
the moving piece and the moving guide rail form a screw-nut pair,
the movable driving piece is a driving motor.
5. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 1, wherein:
the welding units are provided with welding subunits which correspond to the welding spots in the corresponding welding spot groups one by one, and the welding subunits are used for welding the corresponding welding spots.
6. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 5, wherein:
wherein the welding subunit comprises a welding assembly and a lifting assembly for welding,
the welding assembly is used for welding the welding spots,
the lifting assembly for welding is arranged on the upper die frame and used for lifting the welding assembly.
7. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 6, wherein:
wherein, the welding subunit also comprises a fixing piece for welding and a lifting buffer piece,
the lifting assembly for welding is connected to the fixing piece for welding through the lifting buffer piece, the fixing piece for welding is detachably connected to the upper die frame,
the welding assembly includes a horn and an ultrasonic transducer coupled to the horn.
8. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 2, wherein:
the upper die frame and the lower die frame are detachably arranged on the supporting device.
9. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 1, further comprising:
and the workpiece pressing part is arranged on the lower die frame and is used for pressing the workpiece on the positioning die.
10. The die welding apparatus for ultrasonic welding having multiple stations according to claim 1, wherein:
wherein the workpiece is a glove box or an instrument panel of an automobile.
CN202111662326.7A 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Die welding device for ultrasonic welding with multiple stations Active CN114260555B (en)

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CN115042440A (en) * 2022-05-20 2022-09-13 臻越智能装备(佛山)有限公司 Welding device for edge-covering welding

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