CN114166307B - Self-powered water gauge reading device - Google Patents

Self-powered water gauge reading device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114166307B
CN114166307B CN202111542004.9A CN202111542004A CN114166307B CN 114166307 B CN114166307 B CN 114166307B CN 202111542004 A CN202111542004 A CN 202111542004A CN 114166307 B CN114166307 B CN 114166307B
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wall
fixed
water gauge
water
self
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CN114166307A (en
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王勇
张红兵
陈平
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Jiangsu Vocational and Technical Shipping College
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Jiangsu Vocational and Technical Shipping College
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F23/00Indicating or measuring liquid level or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume or indicating by means of an alarm
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B1/00Engines of impulse type, i.e. turbines with jets of high-velocity liquid impinging on blades or like rotors, e.g. Pelton wheels; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Fluid Mechanics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Level Indicators Using A Float (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a self-powered water gauge reading device which comprises a mounting frame, wherein a water gauge pipe is fixed on the outer wall of one end of the mounting frame, a filter plate is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the bottom end of the water gauge pipe in a penetrating and embedding manner, a liquid level sensor is installed on the outer wall of the bottom of the filter plate, a water surface fluctuation buffering component is sleeved on the outer wall of the middle part of the fixed water gauge pipe, an electric control box is fixed on the outer wall of the top of the fixed water gauge pipe, a storage battery is fixed on the inner wall of one side of the electric control box, a circuit board is installed on the inner wall of the bottom of the electric control box, and a PLC (programmable logic controller) is installed on the outer wall of the middle part of the circuit board; according to the invention, the water surface fluctuation buffer component is arranged, so that the corrugated floating plate floats on the water surface according to the lifting of water under the buoyancy action of water, and when water flow impacts the water gauge pipe, the horizontal plane fluctuates transversely to impact the corrugated floating plate, the corrugated floating plate fluctuates up and down along with the water surface, so that the mounting ring fluctuates to compress the spring, and the buffering is carried out under the elastic action of the spring, so that the stability of the water gauge is ensured.

Description

Self-powered water gauge reading device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of water level gauges, in particular to a self-powered water level gauge reading device.
Background
A general water level gauge is used for monitoring surface water; the scale is marked on the metal or nonmetal material, the precision is generally measured by centimeters (the minimum scale is 1cm), 1 meter is generally taken as a section in water conservancy, and pure red and blue are taken as a block, so that the reading is convenient; the water level gauges in the market can be divided into electronic water gauges (including water gauges of ultrasonic or radar measurement technologies and high in manufacturing cost), stainless steel water gauges, stainless steel combined water gauges, polymer water gauges, aluminum plate reflection water gauges, enamel water gauges and the like according to high, medium and low grades, and the water level gauges are devices for measuring water surface elevations at designated places of rivers, lakes or other water bodies.
Along with the development of technique, liquid level sensor obtains the use on the water gauge, carry out the measuring of water level change through liquid level sensor, the height that detects the water level shows through the display screen, the water level change is more directly perceived, but traditional water gauge erects in the water body, the horizontal fluctuation that rivers formed can strike the water gauge, influence the stability of water gauge, and can not generate electricity with the help of the potential energy of water level change on the traditional water gauge, be unfavorable for the long-term power supply of electron class water gauge to use, the water gauge needs frequent change battery or charges, it is comparatively inconvenient.
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a self-powered water gauge reading device.
Disclosure of Invention
(1) Technical problem to be solved
The invention aims to solve the problems that a water gauge in the prior art is erected in a water body, the water gauge is impacted by transverse fluctuation formed by water flow, the stability of the water gauge is influenced, power generation cannot be performed by means of potential energy of water level change, and long-term power supply use of an electronic water gauge is not facilitated.
(2) Technical scheme
In order to realize the purpose of the invention, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a self-powered water gauge reading device comprises a mounting rack, a water gauge pipe is fixed on the outer wall of one end of the mounting rack, a filter plate is fixedly embedded on the outer wall of the bottom end of the water gauge pipe in a penetrating way, a liquid level sensor is arranged on the outer wall of the bottom of the filter plate, the outer wall of the middle part of the fixed water gauge pipe is sleeved with a water surface fluctuation buffer component, the outer wall of the top part of the fixed water gauge pipe is fixed with an electric control box, a storage battery is fixed on the inner wall of one side of the electric control box, a circuit board is arranged on the inner wall of the bottom of the electric control box, the PLC controller is arranged on the outer wall of the middle part of the circuit board, the power module, the water level monitoring module, the data memory, the data transmission module and the display module are distributed and arranged on the outer wall of the top part of the circuit board, the display screen is embedded and installed on the outer wall of the top of the electric control box, and the water level lifting power generation assembly is arranged inside the fixed water gauge pipe.
Preferably, the undulant buffering subassembly of surface of water includes the lantern ring, the lantern ring suit is on the outer wall of fixed water gauge pipe, the outside cover of the lantern ring is equipped with the collar, it is fixed with the spring to distribute on the inner wall between the lantern ring and the collar, the symmetry is fixed with the ripple kickboard on the outer wall of collar both sides, be fixed with the guide plate on the ripple kickboard tip outer wall, be fixed with first link on the outer wall of fixed water gauge pipe bottom both sides, the inside of first link is connected with through first pivot and turns over the board, it is fixed with the collision piece on the outer wall of board tip one side to turn over, be fixed with the second link on the outer wall of the board other end, the inside of second link is connected with the telescopic link through the second pivot, and the bottom outer wall fixed connection of telescopic link's one end and collar.
Preferably, water level lift electricity generation subassembly includes the screw rod, the screw rod is fixed on the outer wall at fixed water gauge pipe both ends, spiral shell closes on the outer wall of screw rod and is connected with the screw thread sleeve, it is fixed with the flabellum to distribute on the outer wall of screw thread sleeve bottom, the cover is equipped with the coil on the outer wall of screw thread sleeve's the middle part, the symmetry is inlayed and is fixed with the magnetic path on the both sides inner wall of fixed water gauge pipe, the electric touch groove has been seted up to the symmetry on the screw thread sleeve's the outer wall, the laminating is fixed with the electric contact on the inner wall of electric touch groove one side, the electrical output end and the electric contact electric connection of coil, it is provided with the rotation transmission of electricity unit to correspond the electric contact on the inner wall of fixed water gauge pipe.
Preferably, the rotating power transmission unit comprises a conductive strip groove, the conductive strip groove is symmetrically embedded and fixed on the inner wall of one side of the fixed water gauge pipe, a movable conductive block is inserted into the conductive strip groove, the outer walls of two sides of the end part of the movable conductive block are provided with clamping contacts, the inner walls of two sides of the conductive strip groove are provided with clamping moving grooves, and the outer wall of one side of the end part of the movable conductive block is symmetrically fixed with clamping elastic pieces.
Preferably, one end of the conductive strip groove is electrically connected with the electrical input end of the storage battery.
Preferably, a mounting seat is fixed on the outer wall of the bottom end of the mounting frame, and mounting screw holes are formed in the outer walls of four corners of the top of the mounting seat in a penetrating mode.
Preferably, the top end of the electric control box is rotatably connected with a sealing top cover on the outer wall.
Preferably, the top outer wall of the impact block is in contact connection with the bottom outer wall of the filter plate, and the impact block is a rubber soft block.
Preferably, an electrical input end of the liquid level sensor is electrically connected with an electrical input end of the water level monitoring module.
(3) Has the beneficial effects that:
A. this water gauge is through fixing the mounting bracket on the river bank that detects the water, the problem of traditional water gauge installation comparatively inconvenient in the water has been solved, immerse the level sensor of one side water gauge socle portion in the water, supply power to the circuit board through battery and power module cooperation, water level monitoring module drive level sensor work detects the water level of water, the water level that detects obtains is carried and is preserved in the data memory, show the water level data that will detect on the display screen through display module, and can carry out the teletransmission of water detection data through data transmission module, the worker can carry out the remote acquisition through mobile terminal (cell-phone, the computer etc.), the problem that the tradition needs the scene to obtain data comparatively inconvenient is solved.
B. The undulant buffering subassembly of surface of water sets up, under the buoyancy of water, make the ripple kickboard float on the surface of water according to the lift of water, when rivers strike the water gauge pipe, the horizontal plane transverse fluctuation is to the impact in-process of ripple kickboard, the ripple kickboard is undulant from top to bottom along with the surface of water, make the undulant compression spring of collar, cushion under the elastic action of spring, the stability of water gauge has been guaranteed, the ripple kickboard is undulant in-process from top to bottom, drive through telescopic link and turn over the board and carry out reciprocal upset around first pivot, the collision piece of turning over board tip is strikeed the filter plate bottom, make the filter plate vibrate, the emergence of filter plate jam problem has been avoided.
C. The water level goes up and down to generate electricity subassembly and the setting of rotation transmission of electricity unit, water enters into the inside of water gauge pipe through the filter plate, on water, move down the in-process and strike the flabellum, the flabellum forms turbine structure and can drives the screw sleeve and rotate, go on moving up along with water under the cooperation of screw sleeve and screw rod, the coil rotates on the screw sleeve, generate electricity under the cooperation of coil and magnetic path, the electricity passes through block shell fragment and electric contact piece and carries on the conducting bar groove, carry the electricity in the battery again, charge the battery, make the self-powered work of water gauge, do benefit to the long-term use of water gauge, reduce the maintenance process that charges.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a self-powered water gauge reading device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional cut-away structure of a fixed water gauge tube in a self-powered water gauge reading device according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a position a of a self-powered water gauge reading device according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic structural diagram of a self-powered water gauge reading device at a position B according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at a position C of a self-powered water gauge reading device according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of a self-powered water gauge reading device at position D according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is an enlarged schematic view of a self-powered water gauge reading device at position E according to the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at position F of a self-powered water gauge reading device according to the present invention;
fig. 9 is a system flow chart of a self-powered water gauge reading device according to the present invention.
The reference numbers are as follows:
1. a mounting frame; 2. a water gauge tube; 3. filtering the plate; 4. a liquid level sensor; 5. a water surface fluctuation buffer assembly; 6. a water level lifting power generation assembly; 7. a rotating power transmission unit; 8. an electronic control box; 9. a storage battery; 10. a circuit board; 11. a PLC controller; 12. a power supply module; 13. a water level monitoring module; 14. a data storage; 15. a data transmission module; 16. a display module; 17. a display screen; 18. sealing the top cover; 19. a mounting seat; 20. mounting a screw hole; 501. a collar; 502. a mounting ring; 503. a spring; 504. a corrugated floating plate; 505. a baffle; 506. a first connecting frame; 507. a first rotating shaft; 508. turning a plate; 509. a collision mass; 510. a second link frame; 511. a second rotating shaft; 512. a telescopic connecting rod; 601. a screw; 602. a threaded sleeve; 603. a fan blade; 604. a coil; 605. a magnetic block; 606. an electrical contact slot; 607. an electrical contact; 71. a conductive strip slot; 72. moving the conductive block; 73. clamping the contact; 74. clamping the movable groove; 75. the elastic sheet is clamped.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
The invention will be further illustrated with reference to the following figures 1 to 9 and examples:
in this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1-9, a self-powered water gauge reading device includes a mounting frame 1, a water gauge tube 2 is fixed on an outer wall of one end of the mounting frame 1, a filter plate 3 is fixed on an outer wall of a bottom end of the water gauge tube 2 in a penetrating and embedding manner, a liquid level sensor 4 is installed on an outer wall of a bottom of the filter plate 3, a water surface fluctuation buffer assembly 5 is sleeved on an outer wall of a middle portion of the fixed water gauge tube 2, an electronic control box 8 is fixed on an outer wall of a top portion of the fixed water gauge tube 2, a storage battery 9 is fixed on an inner wall of one side of the electronic control box 8, a circuit board 10 is installed on an inner wall of the bottom portion of the electronic control box 8, a PLC controller 11 is installed on an outer wall of the middle portion of the circuit board 10, a power module 12, a water level monitoring module 13, a data storage 14, a data transmission module 15 and a display module 16 are distributed on an outer wall of the top portion of the circuit board 10, a display screen 17 is installed on an outer wall of the top portion of the electronic control box 8 in an embedding manner, a water level lifting power generation assembly 6 is arranged inside the fixed water gauge pipe 2; the water gauge solves the problem that the traditional water gauge is inconvenient to install in a water body by fixing the mounting frame 1 on the river bank for detecting the water body, the liquid level sensor 4 at the bottom of the water gauge pipe 2 at one side is soaked in the water body, the storage battery 9 is matched with the power supply module 12 to supply power to the circuit board 10, the liquid level monitoring module 13 drives the liquid level sensor 4 to work to detect the water level of the water body, the detected water level is conveyed and stored into the data storage 14, the detected water level data is displayed on the display screen 17 through the display module 16, the data transmission module 15 can remotely transmit the water body detection data, a worker can remotely acquire the data through a mobile terminal (a mobile phone, a computer and the like), the problem that the data is inconvenient to acquire on site traditionally is solved, when the water level rises, water enters the water gauge pipe 2 through the filter plate 3, the fan blades 603 in the water gauge pipe 2 are impacted, and the movable coil 604 is driven to rotate in the magnetic block 605, so that self-power generation is realized in the rising or falling process of the water level, the storage battery 9 is charged and stored, the long-term use of the water gauge is facilitated, and the charging maintenance process is reduced; water gauge pipe 2 sets up in the water, when rivers strike water gauge pipe 2, the horizontal plane is horizontal undulant impact in-process to ripple kickboard 504, cushion through spring 503 that distributes all around, the stability of water gauge has been guaranteed, rivers are to the impact in-process of ripple kickboard 504, ripple kickboard 504 is undulant process from top to bottom along with the water face, turn over board 508 through telescopic link 512 transmission drive bottom and overturn, the collision piece 509 that makes to turn over board 508 tip strikes filter plate 3, make filter plate 3 vibrate, the emergence of filter plate 3 jam problem has been avoided.
Further, the water surface fluctuation buffering component 5 comprises a sleeve ring 501, the sleeve ring 501 is sleeved on the outer wall of the fixed water gauge pipe 2, a mounting ring 502 is sleeved outside the sleeve ring 501, springs 503 are distributed and fixed on the inner wall between the sleeve ring 501 and the mounting ring 502, corrugated floating plates 504 are symmetrically fixed on the outer walls of two sides of the mounting ring 502, a guide plate 505 is fixed on the outer wall of the end portion of each corrugated floating plate 504, first connecting frames 506 are fixed on the outer walls of two sides of the bottom end of the fixed water gauge pipe 2, turning plates 508 are connected inside the first connecting frames 506 through first rotating shafts 507, collision blocks 509 are fixed on the outer wall of one side of the end portion of each turning plate 508, second connecting frames 510 are fixed on the outer walls of the other ends of the turning plates 508, telescopic connecting rods 512 are connected inside the second connecting frames 510 through second rotating shafts 511, and one ends of the telescopic connecting rods 512 are fixedly connected with the outer walls of the bottom of the mounting ring 502; when the water gauge is used, the water gauge pipe 2 is arranged in a water body, under the buoyancy action of water, the corrugated floating plate 504 can drive the lantern ring 501 to float upwards along the outer wall of the water gauge pipe 2, so that the corrugated floating plate 504 floats on the water surface according to the lifting of water, when water flow impacts the water gauge pipe 2, the horizontal plane transversely fluctuates to impact the corrugated floating plate 504, the corrugated floating plate 504 fluctuates up and down along with the water surface, the mounting ring 502 fluctuates and compresses the spring (503), the elastic action of the spring (503) is buffered, the stability of the water gauge is ensured, the corrugated floating plate 504 fluctuates up and down, the plate 508 is driven by the telescopic connecting rod 512 to overturn around the first rotating shaft 507 in a reciprocating mode, the collision block 509 at the end part of the plate 508 knocks the bottom of the filter plate 3, the filter plate 3 vibrates, and the problem of blocking of the filter plate 3 is avoided.
Further, the water level lifting power generation assembly 6 comprises a screw 601, the screw 601 is fixed on the outer walls of two ends of the fixed water gauge pipe 2, the outer wall of the screw 601 is screwed and connected with a threaded sleeve 602, fan blades 603 are distributed and fixed on the outer wall of the bottom end of the threaded sleeve 602, a coil 604 is sleeved on the outer wall of the middle part of the threaded sleeve 602, magnetic blocks 605 are symmetrically embedded and fixed on the inner walls of two sides of the fixed water gauge pipe 2, electric contact grooves 606 are symmetrically formed on the outer wall of the threaded sleeve 602, electric contact sheets 607 are attached and fixed on the inner wall of one side of the electric contact grooves 606, the electric output end of the coil 604 is electrically connected with the electric contact sheets 607, and a rotary power transmission unit 7 is arranged on the inner wall of the fixed water gauge pipe 2 corresponding to the electric contact sheets 607; when the water level rises, water enters the water gauge pipe 2 through the filter plate 3, impacts the fan blades 603 in the upward moving process of the water, the fan blades 603 form a turbine structure and can drive the threaded sleeve 602 to rotate, the threaded sleeve 602 and the screw 601 move upwards along with the water in cooperation, the coil 604 on the threaded sleeve 602 rotates, and power generation is performed under the cooperation of the coil 604 and the magnetic block 605.
In this embodiment, the rotating power transmission unit 7 includes a conducting bar groove 71, the conducting bar groove 71 is symmetrically embedded and fixed on the inner wall of one side of the fixed water gauge pipe 2, the moving conducting block 72 is inserted into the conducting bar groove 71, the outer walls of both sides of the end of the moving conducting block 72 are provided with the engaging contacts 73, the inner walls of both sides of the conducting bar groove 71 are provided with the engaging moving grooves 74, the outer wall of one side of the end of the moving conducting block 72 is symmetrically fixed with the engaging elastic pieces 75, during the rotating power generation process of the coil 604 in the magnetic block 605, the power generated by the coil 604 is transmitted to the electric contact 607, the engaging elastic pieces 75 are in contact with the electric contact 607, during the up-and-down moving process of the threaded sleeve 602, the engaging elastic pieces 75 will drive the moving conducting block 72 to move up and down along the conducting bar groove 71, the power is transmitted to the conducting bar groove 71 through the engaging elastic pieces 75 and the electric contact 607, and then the power is transmitted to the storage battery 9 for charging the storage battery 9, the long-term use of the water gauge is facilitated, and the charging maintenance process is reduced.
Furthermore, one end of the conductive bar groove 71 is electrically connected with the electrical input end of the storage battery 9, the conductive bar grooves 71 on both sides and the storage battery 9 are electrically input into the positive and negative end motors, and the electricity generated by the coil 604 is transmitted and stored in the storage battery 9.
In this embodiment, the mounting frame 1 is fixed with the mounting base 19 on the bottom outer wall, and the mounting screw holes 20 have been seted up to the distribution on the top four corners outer wall of mounting base 19 and link up, and when the mounting frame 1 was installed on the ground, the mounting frame 1 was fixed subaerial through expansion bolts cooperation mounting screw holes 20.
Further, the top end of the electronic control box 8 is rotatably connected with a sealing top cover 18 on the outer wall, the sealing top cover 18 covers and protects the display screen 17 on the top of the electronic control box 8, and damage to the display screen 17 in the idle process is reduced.
In this embodiment, the top outer wall of impact block 509 is connected with the bottom outer wall contact of filter plate 3, and impact block 509 is a soft rubber block, strikes filter plate 3 through impact block 509, avoids the emergence of filter plate 3 jam problem, and the setting of soft rubber block avoids impact block 509 to strike the damage of in-process to filter plate 3.
Further, the electrical input end of the liquid level sensor 4 is electrically connected with the electrical input end of the water level monitoring module 13, and the water level monitoring of the liquid level sensor 4 is performed through the driving of the water level monitoring module 13.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
this water gauge is through fixing mounting bracket 1 on the bank that detects the water, the problem that traditional water gauge was installed in the water comparatively inconveniently has been solved, immerse the level sensor 4 of 2 bottoms of water gauge pipe in the water, supply power to circuit board 10 through battery 9 and power module 12 cooperation, the work of 13 drive level sensor 4 of water level monitoring module detects the water level, the water level that obtains detects is carried and is preserved in data memory 14, show the water level data that will detect through display module 16 on display screen 17, and can carry out the teletransmission of water detection data through data transmission module 15, the worker can carry out long-range acquireing through mobile terminal (cell-phone, computer etc.), it needs the comparatively inconvenient problem of on-the-spot data acquisition to have solved the tradition.
Further, the setting of the undulant buffering subassembly 5 of surface of water, under the buoyancy effect of water, make ripple kickboard 504 float on the surface of water according to the lift of water, when rivers strike the water gauge pipe 2, the horizontal plane is horizontal undulant to ripple kickboard 504's impact in-process, ripple kickboard 504 is undulant from top to bottom along with the surface of water, make the undulant compression spring 503 of collar 502, cushion under spring 503's elastic action, the stability of water gauge has been guaranteed, ripple kickboard 504 is undulant from top to bottom in-process, drive through telescopic link 512 and turn over board 508 and carry out reciprocal upset around first pivot 507, the impact block 509 of turning over board 508 tip strikes the bottom of filter plate 3, make the filter plate 3 vibrate, the emergence of filter plate 3 jam problem has been avoided.
Furthermore, the water level lifting power generation assembly 6 and the rotating power transmission unit 7 are arranged, water enters the water gauge pipe 2 through the filter plate 3, water impacts the fan blades 603 in the downward moving process, the fan blades 603 form a turbine structure and can drive the threaded sleeve 602 to rotate, the threaded sleeve 602 and the screw 601 move upwards along with the water in a matched mode, the coil 604 on the threaded sleeve 602 rotates, power is generated in the matched mode of the coil 604 and the magnetic block 605, electricity is conveyed to the conductive strip groove 71 through the clamping elastic sheet 75 and the electric contact sheet 607, then the electricity is conveyed to the storage battery 9, the storage battery 9 is charged, the water gauge can work in a self-powered mode, long-term use of the water gauge is facilitated, and the charging maintenance process is reduced.
The working principle is as follows: when the invention is used, the mounting frame 1 is fixed on the ground through the expansion bolt matched with the mounting screw hole 20, the water gauge pipe 2 is arranged in the water body, under the buoyancy action of water, the corrugated floating plate 504 can drive the lantern ring 501 to float up along the outer wall of the water gauge pipe 2, so that the corrugated floating plate 504 floats on the water surface according to the lifting of water, when water flow impacts the water gauge pipe 2, the corrugated floating plate 504 fluctuates up and down along with the water surface in the impact process of horizontal fluctuation to the corrugated floating plate 504, so that the mounting ring 502 fluctuates to compress the spring 503, and the spring 503 performs buffering under the elastic action to ensure the stability of the water gauge, when the corrugated floating plate 504 fluctuates up and down, the turning plate 508 is driven by the telescopic connecting rod 512 to overturn around the first rotating shaft 507 in a reciprocating way, the collision block 509 at the end part of the turning plate 508 performs knocking on the bottom of the filter plate 3, so that the filter plate 3 vibrates, and the problem of the filter plate 3 blockage is avoided, when the water level rises, water enters the water gauge pipe 2 through the filter plate 3, the water impacts the fan blades 603 in the upward moving process, the fan blades 603 form a turbine structure and can drive the threaded sleeve 602 to rotate, the threaded sleeve 602 and the screw 601 move up along with the water in a matched mode, the coil 604 on the threaded sleeve 602 rotates, power is generated under the matched mode of the coil 604 and the magnetic block 605, the power generated by the coil 604 is transmitted into the electric contact piece 607, the clamping elastic piece 75 is in contact with the electric contact piece 607, in the upward and downward moving process of the threaded sleeve 602, the clamping elastic piece 75 can drive the movable conductive piece 72 to move up and down along the conductive bar groove 71, the power is transmitted onto the conductive bar groove 71 through the clamping elastic piece 75 and the electric contact piece 607 and then transmitted into the storage battery 9, the storage battery 9 is charged, long-term use of the water gauge is facilitated, and the charging maintenance process is reduced.
The embodiments of the present invention are disclosed as the preferred embodiments, but not limited thereto, and those skilled in the art can easily understand the spirit of the present invention and make various extensions and changes without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a self-powered formula water gauge reading device, includes mounting bracket (1), its characterized in that, fixed water gauge pipe (2) on the outer wall of mounting bracket (1) one end, it inlays and is fixed with filter plate (3) to link up on the bottom outer wall of water gauge pipe (2), install level sensor (4) on the bottom outer wall of filter plate (3), the suit is provided with the undulant buffer unit of surface of water (5) on the middle part outer wall of fixed water gauge pipe (2), be fixed with automatically controlled box (8) on the top outer wall of fixed water gauge pipe (2), be fixed with battery (9) on the inner wall of automatically controlled box (8) one side, install circuit board (10) on the bottom inner wall of automatically controlled box (8), install PLC controller (11) on the middle part outer wall of circuit board (10), distributed installation has power module (12) on the top outer wall of circuit board (10), The water level monitoring device comprises a water level monitoring module (13), a data storage device (14), a data transmission module (15) and a display module (16), wherein a display screen (17) is embedded on the outer wall of the top of the electric control box (8), and a water level lifting power generation assembly (6) is arranged inside the fixed water gauge pipe (2).
2. A self-powered water gauge reading device as defined in claim 1, wherein: surface of water fluctuation buffer unit (5) is including the lantern ring (501), lantern ring (501) suit is on the outer wall of fixed water gauge pipe (2), the outside cover of lantern ring (501) is equipped with collar (502), it is fixed with spring (503) to distribute on the inner wall between lantern ring (501) and collar (502), the symmetry is fixed with ripple kickboard (504) on the outer wall of collar (502) both sides, be fixed with guide plate (505) on ripple kickboard (504) tip outer wall, be fixed with first link (506) on the outer wall of fixed water gauge pipe (2) bottom both sides, the inside of first link (506) is connected with through first pivot (507) turns over board (508), be fixed with collision piece (509) on turning over board (508) tip one side outer wall, be fixed with second link (510) on the outer wall of turning over board (508) other end, the inside of second link (510) is connected with telescopic connection pole (512) through second pivot (511) And one end of the telescopic connecting rod (512) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the bottom of the mounting ring (502).
3. A self-powered water gauge reading device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the water level lifting power generation assembly (6) comprises a screw rod (601), the screw rod (601) is fixed on the outer walls of the two ends of the fixed water gauge pipe (2), the outer wall of the screw rod (601) is screwed with a threaded sleeve (602), the outer wall of the bottom end of the threaded sleeve (602) is distributed and fixed with fan blades (603), a coil (604) is sleeved on the outer wall of the middle part of the threaded sleeve (602), magnetic blocks (605) are symmetrically embedded and fixed on the inner walls of the two sides of the fixed water gauge pipe (2), the outer wall of the threaded sleeve (602) is symmetrically provided with electric contact grooves (606), an electric contact piece (607) is fixedly attached to the inner wall of one side of the electric contact groove (606), the electrical output end of the coil (604) is electrically connected with the electrical contact (607), and a rotary power transmission unit (7) is arranged on the inner wall of the fixed water gauge pipe (2) corresponding to the electric contact piece (607).
4. A self-powered water gauge reading device as defined in claim 3 wherein: the rotating power transmission unit (7) comprises a conductive strip groove (71), the conductive strip groove (71) is symmetrically embedded and fixed on the inner wall of one side of the fixed water gauge pipe (2), a movable conductive block (72) is inserted into the inner part of the conductive strip groove (71), clamping contacts (73) are arranged on the outer walls of two sides of the end part of the movable conductive block (72), clamping movable grooves (74) are formed in the inner walls of two sides of the conductive strip groove (71), and clamping elastic pieces (75) are symmetrically fixed on the outer wall of one side of the end part of the movable conductive block (72).
5. A self-powered water gauge reading device as recited in claim 4, wherein: one end of the conductive strip groove (71) is electrically connected with the electrical input end of the storage battery (9).
6. A self-powered water gauge reading device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the mounting rack is characterized in that a mounting seat (19) is fixed on the outer wall of the bottom end of the mounting rack (1), and mounting screw holes (20) are formed in the outer walls of four corners of the top of the mounting seat (19) in a penetrating mode.
7. A self-powered water gauge reading device as defined in claim 1, wherein: and a sealing top cover (18) is rotatably connected to the outer wall of the top end of the electric control box (8).
8. A self-powered water gauge reading device as defined in claim 2, wherein: the top outer wall of the collision block (509) is in contact connection with the bottom outer wall of the filter plate (3), and the collision block (509) is a rubber soft block.
9. A self-powered water gauge reading device as recited in claim 1, wherein: and the electrical input end of the liquid level sensor (4) is electrically connected with the electrical input end of the water level monitoring module (13).
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