CN114133057A - Mine water underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment - Google Patents

Mine water underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114133057A
CN114133057A CN202111248891.9A CN202111248891A CN114133057A CN 114133057 A CN114133057 A CN 114133057A CN 202111248891 A CN202111248891 A CN 202111248891A CN 114133057 A CN114133057 A CN 114133057A
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Prior art keywords
filter
water
reverse osmosis
treatment
electric valve
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CN202111248891.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周如林
赵中梅
刘宗
赵康康
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Beijing Meike Tianma Automation Technology Co Ltd
Beijing Tianma Intelligent Control Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Meike Tianma Automation Technology Co Ltd
Beijing Tianma Intelligent Control Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202111248891.9A priority Critical patent/CN114133057A/en
Publication of CN114133057A publication Critical patent/CN114133057A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/441Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by reverse osmosis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/10Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from quarries or from mining activities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/005Processes using a programmable logic controller [PLC]
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/03Pressure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/05Conductivity or salinity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/06Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment pH
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/10Solids, e.g. total solids [TS], total suspended solids [TSS] or volatile solids [VS]
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/04Disinfection
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/16Regeneration of sorbents, filters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/22Eliminating or preventing deposits, scale removal, scale prevention
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F5/00Softening water; Preventing scale; Adding scale preventatives or scale removers to water, e.g. adding sequestering agents
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/131Reverse-osmosis

Abstract

The invention provides underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment for mine water, which comprises an automatic control module, a water supply module and a water supply module, wherein the automatic control module comprises a plurality of sensors for acquiring data, uploading the data through a communication interface, and further controlling the start-stop, dosing, cleaning, water supply and wastewater backflow of the equipment after operation treatment; the multistage filtering pretreatment system is connected with the automatic control module, comprises a lamination filter, a fiber filter material precision filter and a security filter which are sequentially arranged at the upstream and the downstream, and is used for primarily filtering and treating the mine water; and the advanced treatment system is connected with the automatic control module, is arranged at the downstream of the multistage filtration pretreatment system, comprises a reverse osmosis membrane module, and overcomes the defects of low integration degree, large volume, difficult maintenance and cleaning, small water resource utilization rate and the like of the traditional mine water reverse osmosis treatment device by the aid of the reverse osmosis membrane module for mine water advanced desalination treatment.

Description

Mine water underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of water treatment equipment, in particular to underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment for mine water.
Background
70% of mining areas in China are in water-deficient areas, 40% of the mining areas are in severe water-deficient areas, and a reasonable and effective mine water treatment and recycling scheme becomes one of the main ways for improving the current water-deficient situation of the mining areas. However, the existing mine water treatment and recycling scheme is mainly that after being discharged from an underground water sump, the mine water is lifted to the ground by a lift pump, and after being treated by processes of coagulation, precipitation, filtration, disinfection and the like, part of the mine water returns to the underground for water use such as underground spray dust removal, fire protection, emulsion proportioning and the like. The scheme has the defects of high treatment cost, large one-time investment cost, large occupied area, low water resource utilization rate and the like.
The prior mine water treatment and reuse equipment mainly adopts a reverse osmosis desalination treatment process and comprises a coagulated sand filter, an activated carbon filter, an ionic resin softener, a cartridge filter, a reverse osmosis membrane component and the like, and the equipment has poor effluent quality and large floor area and is difficult to be applied to narrow underground roadway space; the modularization and the automation degree are not high, the overhaul, the medicine adding and the like are mostly carried out by manpower, and the operation and the maintenance are complex; only reverse osmosis produced water is utilized, crude filtration produced water is not fully concerned, and backwash wastewater of all parts and produced water with unqualified reverse osmosis water quality are treated in a direct discharge mode, so that the water resource utilization effect is not obvious.
At present, the prior art patent CN201380045Y provides a pretreatment device for mine water desalination and reverse osmosis desalination equipment, comprising: the water pump, the laminated filter and the ultra-filter are sequentially connected through pipelines, and the water pump, the laminated filter and the ultra-filter form an integral device; the reverse osmosis desalination equipment comprises a pretreatment device for mine water desalination, a high-pressure pump and a reverse osmosis desalination device, wherein a water outlet of the pretreatment device for mine water desalination, the high-pressure pump and the reverse osmosis desalination device are sequentially connected through pipelines. However, the pretreatment system adopts lamination filtration and ultrafiltration, and although the number of treatment units is small, the investment, operation, maintenance and other costs of the ultrafiltration membrane are high. And because of adopting ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis membrane, can inevitably make the area of occupation of this equipment great, be difficult to be applicable to the groundwater processing environment. In addition, the whole device has low automation degree, and only utilizes reverse osmosis effluent water, so that the utilization rate of water resources is not high. The patent CN203794713U provides a mine water underground treatment and recycling device, wherein a multi-media filter only carries out sampling and analysis of a water sample through a lower sampling tube to judge whether a filter element needs to be cleaned and replaced, the operation is complicated, and the labor cost is increased; the modularization degree of the whole equipment is not high, and meanwhile, the pH value is not easy to be accurately regulated and controlled, so that the effluent has the risk of exceeding the pH value. CN210030220U provides a modularization reverse osmosis water treatment facilities, this reverse osmosis treatment facilities adopts carbon filter, sand filter, secondary filter etc. as the pretreatment systems before reverse osmosis, and its pretreatment systems's filter fineness is relatively poor, and carbon filter, sand filter area are great, and take place the problem that the filter material leaked easily to make whole water treatment systems's stability reduce. The whole equipment also lacks a safe and reliable control system and a self-cleaning function, is complex to operate and is troublesome to operate and overhaul. And the whole equipment is not beneficial to direction adjustment due to the higher integration level, the water produced by coarse filtration is not effectively utilized, and meanwhile, the waste water reflux treatment is lacked.
Therefore, how to provide an economic and efficient underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling device for mine water, which realizes the maximization of water resource utilization in the water treatment process, is convenient to overhaul, has high integration degree, small volume and is used for automatically controlling operation is a technical problem to be solved urgently by technical personnel in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve one of the technical problems in the related technology at least to a certain extent, and provides underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment for mine water, which overcomes the defects of low integration degree, large volume, difficulty in maintenance, difficulty in cleaning, low water resource utilization rate and the like of the traditional mine water reverse osmosis treatment device, so that mine water enters a multistage filtration pretreatment system after being pressurized by a raw water pump, sequentially passes through a laminated filter, a fiber filter material precision filter, a security filter and other units, the produced water of the pretreatment system enters a reverse osmosis membrane assembly, the produced reverse osmosis water enters an emulsion proportioning box through a booster pump to be proportioned and used, and concentrated water is discharged from the equipment. And the wastewater after the fiber filter material precision filter and the reverse osmosis membrane component are cleaned and the reverse osmosis produced water which does not meet the water quality requirement of the emulsion ratio flow back to the water inlet of the multistage filtration pretreatment system for secondary treatment and utilization.
In view of the above, the present invention provides a modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling apparatus for mine water, at least comprising
An automatic control module; the method comprises the following steps: the sensors are used for acquiring data such as pressure, flow, pH value, turbidity, conductivity and the like, uploading the data through the communication interface, and controlling the start and stop of equipment, dosing, cleaning, water supply and wastewater backflow after further operation;
a multi-stage filtration pretreatment system; is connected with the automatic control module and comprises: the laminated filter, the fiber filter material precision filter and the security filter are sequentially arranged at the upstream and the downstream, and the mine water is primarily filtered; and
a deep processing system; the automatic control module is connected with the automatic control module, is arranged at the downstream of the multistage filtration pretreatment system, and comprises a reverse osmosis membrane module, wherein the reverse osmosis membrane module is used for carrying out deep desalination treatment on mine water.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, no less than two of the laminated filters are connected in series; the laminated filter is in a one-use one-standby mode or a multi-use one-standby mode.
According to one embodiment of the invention, a fibrous filter media precision filter comprises:
a filter material arranged inside the tank body; and
a combined electric valve arranged outside the tank body; the combined electric valve comprises a water inlet electric valve, a water production electric valve, a backwashing electric valve and a sewage discharge electric valve which respectively move in the same direction; wherein the water inlet electric valve and the backwashing electric valve move reversely; the blowdown motorised valve is connected with lamination filter water inlet.
According to one embodiment of the invention, a cartridge filter comprises:
a plurality of filter elements are arranged in the tank body in parallel; the filter element comprises at least one of a PP melt-blown filter element, an activated carbon filter element or a folding filter element;
a water distributor is arranged at the top in the tank body; used for uniformly distributing water into the filter element and washing and cleaning the filter element; and
a pulley base; the canister is slid to tilt for cartridge replacement.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the automatic control module further comprises a programmable control box for processing data operation and generating control task control equipment.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the automatic control module further comprises an LCD electronic display screen for displaying the operation status of the entire apparatus.
According to an embodiment of the invention, the multi-stage filtration pretreatment system further comprises a dosing device, wherein the dosing device is respectively connected with the water inlet of the lamination filter and is used for adding the bactericide and the water inlet of the cartridge filter and is used for adding the scale inhibitor.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the advanced treatment system further comprises an emulsion proportioning tank; the emulsion proportioning box is arranged at the downstream of the reverse osmosis membrane component and is used for storing reverse osmosis produced water and proportioning the emulsion, and concentrated water is discharged from the equipment.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the sensors comprise at least a water pressure sensor, a water flow sensor, a conductivity monitor, a turbidity monitor, a pH monitor, and a liquid level sensor for monitoring parameters of each component in the device.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the reverse osmosis treatment and recycling apparatus further comprises a housing; an automatic control module, a multi-stage filtration pretreatment system and the advanced treatment system are integrated.
Through the technical scheme, the invention provides underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment for mine water, which has the following technical effects:
(1) the economic and efficient water treatment process comprises the following steps: the three-stage filtration unit for reverse osmosis pretreatment, such as a laminated filter, a fiber filter material precision filter, a cartridge filter and the like, can realize that the turbidity of outlet water is less than 0.5NTU and the pollution index (SDI) is less than 4, and meet the requirement of reverse osmosis water inlet. The concentration of total suspended matters in reverse osmosis produced water is less than 0.1mg/L, and the salt rejection rate is more than 99%.
(2) Extremely high water resource utilization: in the water treatment process, according to the ideas of quality-based utilization and level utilization, the water produced by the multi-stage filtration pretreatment is reused for water for underground fire fighting, spray dust removal and the like, and the water produced by the reverse osmosis is used for proportioning water for the emulsion. Meanwhile, the waste water after the fiber filter material precision filter and the reverse osmosis membrane component are cleaned and the reverse osmosis produced water which does not meet the requirement of the emulsion matching water quality flow back to the water inlet of the multistage filtration pretreatment system for secondary treatment and utilization, so that the waste of water resources is reduced.
(3) The bypass side of the fiber filter material precision filter is provided with a plurality of multi-channel electric valves, and the automatic switching of different stages of filtering, backwashing, forward washing and the like of the precision filter is realized through the combined control among the electric valves, so that the mutual interference is avoided, and the manual cleaning and maintenance are avoided.
(4) The security filter is internally provided with a plurality of stages of filter elements which are connected in parallel, the top of the security filter is provided with an electric rotary water distributor, the uniformity of water flow distribution is ensured, the replacement period of the filter elements is slowed down, the bottom of the security filter is provided with a pulley base, the filter elements can be replaced by 90 degrees in an inclined way, and the replacement and maintenance of the filter elements are convenient.
(5) The automatic control module has the functions of automatic start-stop, dosing, cleaning, water supply, wastewater backflow and the like, performs operation processing on acquired information through the controller, controls the scheduling of tasks and the accurate action of the execution element according to the liquid level change of the pure water tank and the dosing tank and the pressure change of the water treatment element, and really realizes the automatic and unmanned operation of the water treatment equipment.
(6) The requirement of spatial arrangement of the underground roadway is met. The multistage filtration treatment module and the reverse osmosis module are distinguished obviously and run relatively independently, and stable running and equipment maintenance are facilitated. The water inlet and outlet and the lifting ring are arranged on two sides of the whole equipment, so that the equipment can be conveniently adjusted to and lifted, and the universal wheels are mounted on the base of the equipment, so that the whole equipment can be moved in an underground roadway, and the emulsion proportioning requirements of different positions are met.
Drawings
The foregoing and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
fig. 1 is an integrated diagram of the mine water underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling device provided in embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the laminated filter layout provided in example 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a precision filter with a fiber filter material provided in example 1.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the cartridge filter provided in embodiment 1.
Fig. 5 is a process flow diagram of water treatment by the mine water downhole modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment provided in embodiment 1.
The system comprises a laminated filter 1, a fiber filter material precision filter 2, a fiber filter material precision filter tank 21, a water inlet electric valve 22, a sewage discharge electric valve 23, a backwashing electric valve 24, a water production electric valve 25, a support 26, a safety filter 3, a filter element 31, an electric rotary water distributor 32, a pulley base 33, a stainless steel tank 34, a sewage discharge outlet 35, a porous support plate 36, a programmable control box 4, a dosing box 5, a pressure display meter 6, a reverse osmosis membrane assembly 7, a universal wheel 8, a water inlet and outlet 9, a pressure reducing valve 10, a pipeline 11, an electric valve 12, a stainless steel shell 13 and a pure water tank 14.
Detailed Description
In order that the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more clearly understood, a more particular description of the invention will be rendered by reference to the appended drawings. It should be noted that the embodiments of the present invention and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, however, the present invention may be practiced in other ways than those specifically described herein, and therefore the scope of the present invention is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
Example 1
As in fig. 1-5, this embodiment has proposed a mine water modularization reverse osmosis treatment and retrieval and utilization equipment in pit, realizes the water resource utilization maximize simultaneously at the in-process of mine water treatment, and the while easy access, and integrate the high small and automatic control operation that carries out of degree, specifically as fig. 1, include at least:
an automatic control module; the method comprises the following steps: the sensors are used for acquiring data such as pressure, flow, pH value, turbidity, conductivity and the like, uploading the data through the communication interface, and controlling the start and stop of equipment, dosing, cleaning, water supply and wastewater backflow after further operation;
a multi-stage filtration pretreatment system; is connected with the automatic control module and comprises: the laminated filter 1, the fiber filter material precision filter 2 and the security filter 3 are sequentially arranged at the upstream and the downstream, and are used for primarily filtering mine water; and
a deep processing system; is connected with the automatic control module, is arranged at the downstream of the multistage filtration pretreatment system, and comprises a reverse osmosis membrane component 7, wherein the reverse osmosis membrane component 7 is used for carrying out deep desalination treatment on mine water.
In the embodiment, the multistage filtration pretreatment system adopts three-stage filtration units such as a lamination filter 1, a fiber filter material precision filter 2 and a security filter 3, the turbidity of the outlet water is less than 0.5NTU, the pollution index (SDI) is less than 4, the requirement of reverse osmosis water inlet is met, and the system can be reused for underground fire control, spray dust removal and the like. After the water produced by the multi-stage filtration system is subjected to reverse osmosis treatment, most of bacteria, viruses, soluble organic matters, colloids and the like in the water are removed, the concentration of total suspended matters in the produced water is less than 0.1mg/L, the desalination rate is more than 99 percent, and the produced water can be used as water for proportioning emulsion. In addition, the waste water after the fiber filter material precision filter 2 and the reverse osmosis membrane component 7 are cleaned and the reverse osmosis produced water which does not meet the requirement of the water quality of the emulsion ratio flow back to the water inlet of the multistage filtration pretreatment system for secondary recycling, so that the utilization rate of water resources is maximized in the water treatment process. Wherein, the laminated filter 1, the fiber filter material precision filter 2, the security filter 3 and the reverse osmosis membrane component 7 are all connected through a pipeline 11.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, not less than two of the laminated filters 1 are connected in series; the laminated filter 1 is in a one-use one-standby or multi-use one-standby mode.
Referring specifically to fig. 2, for example and without limitation, in the laminated filter 1 of the reverse osmosis treatment and recycling apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention, the PE annular laminated sheet is embedded therein, and deep filtration can be performed through the fine grooves between the laminated sheets. The laminated filters 1 are connected in series with the number larger than 2, and adopt one or more one-standby modes such as one-standby mode or two-purpose mode or three-purpose mode and one-standby mode. When the laminated filter is in a working state, the filter head of the laminated filter 1 is in a normal filtering state, and the filter head of the standby laminated filter 1 is in a standby state; when the laminated filter 1 needs to be backwashed, the filter head of the standby laminated filter 1 is used for filtering, and water produced by the filter head of the laminated filter 1 is used for backwashing one by one, so that the filtering effect of the system cannot be reduced due to cleaning, and uninterrupted water supply during cleaning and sewage discharge is ensured.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, a fibrous filter media precision filter 2 comprises:
a filter material arranged inside the tank body; and
a combined electric valve 12 arranged outside the tank body; wherein the combined electric valve 12 comprises a water inlet electric valve 22, a water production electric valve 25, a backwashing electric valve 24 and a sewage discharge electric valve 23 which respectively move in the same direction; wherein the water inlet electric valve 22 and the backwashing electric valve 24 move reversely; the blowdown motorised valve 23 is connected with lamination filter 1 water inlet.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 3, for this embodiment, it can be specifically understood that the fiber filter material precision filter 2 includes a fiber filter material precision filter tank 21, in which a nano-scale fiber filter material is disposed, and the porosity of the filter material is greater than 95%, and the removal rate of the particulate matter in the mine water can reach 90% -98%. Meanwhile, the combined electric valve 12 in the embodiment can be understood as that a plurality of multi-channel electric valves 12 are arranged on the outer bypass side of the fiber filter material precision filter tank body 21 and are controlled by the combination of the electric valves 12, so that the automatic switching of different stages of filtering, backwashing, forward washing and the like of the precision filter is realized without mutual interference. When the fiber filter material precision filter 2 is in a filtering state, mine water enters from the upper opening of the fiber filter material precision filter 2, the water inlet electric valve 22 and the water production electric valve 25 are opened, the backwashing electric valve 24 and the sewage discharge electric valve 23 are closed, and the water passes through a filtering layer formed by the nano-grade fiber filter material from top to bottom, is discharged from the lower opening and enters a next-stage treatment unit (namely a security filter 3) or is subjected to spray dust removal or fire-fighting water and the like; when the fiber filter material precision filter 2 needs backwashing, water enters from the lower opening, the water inlet electric valve 22 and the water production electric valve 25 are closed at the moment, the backwashing electric valve 24 and the sewage discharge electric valve 23 are opened, water backwashes the filter layer from bottom to top to wash out impurities, backwash water is discharged from the upper opening of the fiber filter material precision filter 2, wherein the upper opening of the fiber filter material precision filter 2 is connected with the water inlet of the laminated filter 1, and backwash wastewater flows back to the laminated filter 1.
To further optimize the present embodiment, a bracket 26 may be disposed below the fiber filter material precision filter tank 21. The motor-operated valves 12 are connected to each other by a pipe 11.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the cartridge filter 3 includes:
a plurality of filter elements 31 are arranged in parallel inside the tank body; the filter element 31 comprises at least one of a PP melt-blown filter element 31, an activated carbon filter element 31 or a folding filter element 31;
a water distributor is arranged at the top in the tank body; for distributing water evenly into the filter element 31 and for flushing the filter element 31; and
a pulley base 33; the canister of the cartridge filter 3 is slid to be inclined for replacement of the filter element 31.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 4, in the exemplary but non-limiting embodiment, it can be specifically understood that the security filter 3 includes a stainless steel tank 34, multiple stages of filter elements 31 are disposed in the tank, the filter elements 31 are connected in parallel, the material of the filter elements 31 is PP melt-blown filter elements 31 or activated carbon filter elements 31 or folded filter elements 31 or a combination of filter elements 31 made of different materials, and the filtering precision is 0.1 μm to 5 μm, so that on the basis of ensuring the water production precision, the height of the security filter 3 is reduced, and the requirement of the actual height in the well is met. In the present embodiment, it is understood that a porous support plate 36 is provided in the tank; wherein the filter element 31 is disposed on a porous support plate 36.
Meanwhile, the base with the pulley is arranged at the bottom of the security filter 3, the filter element 31 can be replaced in an inclined manner of 90 degrees, and the problems that the security filter 3 is difficult to meet the underground treatment requirement and is inconvenient to replace and maintain are solved. When the cartridge filter 3 is in a filtering state, the pulley is in a braking state, and mine water enters from a top water inlet of the cartridge filter 3, wherein the top water inlet of the cartridge filter 3 can be understood as being connected with an electric valve 12, and the electric valve 12 is connected with an automatic control module. The water distributor in this embodiment can be understood as an electric rotary water distributor 32 that can be connected to an automatic control module, and under the action of the electric rotary water distributor 32, the water entering the cartridge filter 3 is uniformly distributed to each filter element 31, and the water filtered by the filter elements 31 is discharged through a lower water outlet, and under the action of the electric rotary water distributor 32, the water in the entire cartridge filter 3 is in a stirring state, and can flush the pollutants on the surface of the filter elements 31, thereby prolonging the replacement period of the filter elements 31. When the cartridge filter 3 needs to replace the filter element 31, the pulley under the base can slide, so that the stainless steel tank 34 is inclined by 90 degrees, and the filter element 31 is convenient to replace.
Advantageously, the cartridge filter 3 of the present embodiment further comprises a bracket, wherein the bracket is disposed and connected between the stainless steel tank 34 and the base, so as to conveniently stabilize and support the stainless steel tank 34.
Advantageously, the cartridge filter 3 in this embodiment further includes a drain outlet 35, and the contaminants on the surface of the filter element 31 are flushed and then discharged to the outside of the cartridge filter 3 through the drain outlet 35.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the automation module further comprises a programmable control box 4 for processing data operations and generating control task control devices.
According to the reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment of the embodiment, a plurality of sensors upload acquired data to the programmable control box 4 through various communication interfaces such as Ethernet communication and CAN communication, the programmable control box 4 in the embodiment CAN be understood as a mining explosion-proof and intrinsic safety type programmable control box 4, the programmable control box 4 performs operation processing on the acquired information, and the functions of automatic start and stop of the treatment device, dosing, cleaning, water supply, wastewater backflow and the like are realized by controlling the scheduling of tasks and the accurate action of executing elements according to the liquid level change of a dosing box 5 in a dosing device and the pressure change of a water treatment element.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the automatic control module further comprises an LCD electronic display screen for displaying the operating status of the reverse osmosis membrane module 7.
According to an embodiment of the invention, the multi-stage filtration pretreatment system further comprises a dosing device, wherein the dosing device is respectively connected with the water inlet of the lamination filter 1 and used for adding a bactericide and the water inlet of the cartridge filter 3 and used for adding a scale inhibitor.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the advanced treatment system further comprises an emulsion proportioning tank; the emulsion proportioning box is arranged at the downstream of the reverse osmosis membrane component 7 and is used for storing reverse osmosis produced water and proportioning the emulsion, and concentrated water is discharged from the equipment.
According to the reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment of the embodiment, the emulsion proportioning box is arranged between the reverse osmosis membrane assemblies 7 and is provided with the pure water box 14 for storing the pure water after the deep purification treatment of the reverse osmosis membrane assemblies 7. The programmable control box 4 carries out operation processing on the acquired information, controls the scheduling of tasks and the accurate action of the executive element according to the change of the pure water box 14 and the pressure change of the water treatment element, and realizes the functions of automatic start-stop, medicine adding, cleaning, water supply, wastewater backflow and the like of the treatment device.
According to one embodiment of the invention, the sensors comprise at least a water pressure sensor, a water flow sensor, a conductivity monitor, a turbidity monitor, a pH monitor, and a liquid level sensor for monitoring parameters of each component in the device.
By way of example and not limitation, the water pressure sensor in the embodiment of the invention comprises a laminated filter 1, a fiber filter material precision filter 2, a security filter 3, and a water inlet pressure sensor and a water outlet pressure sensor arranged on a reverse osmosis membrane component 7; the concentrated water pressure sensor on the reverse osmosis membrane component 7, the flow sensor of intaking, product water flow sensor, conductivity monitor, turbidity monitor, pH value monitor, wherein conductivity monitor, turbidity monitor, pH value monitor in this embodiment are mining ann's type monitor, the level sensor that sets up on pure water case 14 and the charge device etc. realize the control to each part in the equipment.
Advantageously, the embodiment of the present invention further includes a plurality of pressure display meters 6, wherein the pressure display meters 6 are connected to the pressure sensors, and can feed back the operation state of each pressure sensor in real time.
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the reverse osmosis treatment and recycling apparatus further comprises a housing; an automatic control module, a multi-stage filtration pretreatment system and the advanced treatment system are integrated into the system.
Advantageously, the reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment further comprises a shell, the shell can be understood as a stainless steel shell 13, a water inlet/outlet 9 and a lifting ring are arranged on two sides of the whole equipment, so that the equipment can be conveniently adjusted to and lifted, and a universal wheel 8 is mounted on an equipment base, so that the whole equipment can be moved in an underground roadway, and emulsion proportioning requirements of different positions can be met.
Meanwhile, the length of the whole device is not more than 6 meters, the width is not more than 1.5 meters, and the height is not more than 1.4 meters, preferably, the length of the whole device is 6 meters, the width is 1.5 meters, and the height is 1.4 meters, so that the space arrangement requirement of an underground roadway is met.
Taking the underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment for mine water in the embodiment as an example, the operation working principle and the water treatment process method are as shown in fig. 5, and the specific steps are as follows:
the particle size of particles in mine water collected by a central sump is usually below 50 μm, so that the economical and effective reverse osmosis pretreatment process is particularly important for the long-term stable operation of a reverse osmosis device. Mine water enters a multistage filtration pretreatment system after being pressurized by a raw water pump, the pressure of the mine water can be adjusted by a pressure reducing valve 10, the mine water sequentially passes through a lamination filter 1, a fiber filter material precision filter 2, a security filter 3 and other units, water produced by the pretreatment system enters a reverse osmosis membrane component 7, the reverse osmosis produced water enters an emulsion proportioning box through a booster pump, emulsion proportioning is carried out, and concentrated water is discharged from equipment. And the wastewater after the fiber filter material precision filter 2 and the reverse osmosis membrane component 7 are cleaned and the reverse osmosis produced water which does not meet the water quality requirement of the emulsion ratio flow back to the water inlet of the multistage filtration pretreatment system for secondary treatment and utilization.
Meanwhile, the total solid concentration of the dissolubility is 1250mg/L, and the total hardness is (as CaCO)3Measured) is 340mg/L, and the treatment process that 17 PP filter elements 31 are arranged in 3 laminated filters 1, a fiber filter material precision filter 2 and 1 security filter 3, and 12 reverse osmosis membranes are arranged in 1-level and 3-short-row mode is adopted, so that the treatment effect that the desalination rate of the effluent is 99.24% and the yield of the pure water is 10T/h (the recovery rate is 60%) is realized.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the invention and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; may be mechanically coupled, may be electrically coupled or may be in communication with each other; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or they may be connected internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through an intermediate. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
In the present disclosure, the terms "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples" and the like mean that a specific feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the present disclosure. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling device for mine water underground is characterized by at least comprising
An automatic control module; the system comprises a plurality of sensors, a communication interface and a controller, wherein the sensors are used for acquiring data, uploading the data through the communication interface, and controlling the equipment after further operation processing;
a multi-stage filtration pretreatment system; the automatic control module is connected with a lamination filter, a fiber filter material precision filter and a security filter which are sequentially arranged at the upstream and the downstream, and is used for primarily filtering and treating the mine water; and
a deep processing system; the automatic control module is connected with the downstream of the multistage filtration pretreatment system and comprises a reverse osmosis membrane module, wherein the reverse osmosis membrane module is used for carrying out deep desalination treatment on mine water.
2. The reverse osmosis treatment and reuse apparatus according to claim 1, wherein not less than two of said laminated filters are connected in series; the laminated filter is in a one-use one-standby mode or a multi-use one-standby mode.
3. The reverse osmosis treatment and reuse apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the fiber filter material ultrafilter comprises:
a filter material arranged inside the tank body; and
a combined electric valve arranged outside the tank body; the combined electric valve comprises a water inlet electric valve, a water production electric valve, a backwashing electric valve and a sewage discharge electric valve which respectively move in the same direction; wherein the water inlet electric valve and the backwashing electric valve move reversely; and the blowdown electric valve is connected with the water inlet of the laminated filter.
4. The reverse osmosis treatment and reuse apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said cartridge filter comprises:
a plurality of filter elements are arranged in the tank body in parallel; the filter element comprises at least one of a PP melt-blown filter element, an activated carbon filter element or a folding filter element;
a water distributor is arranged at the top in the tank body; used for uniformly distributing water into the filter element and washing and cleaning the filter element; and
a pulley base; and sliding the cartridge filter tank to incline the cartridge filter tank for replacing the filter element.
5. The reverse osmosis treatment and reuse apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein said automatic control module further comprises a programmable control box for processing said data and generating control tasks to control said apparatus.
6. The reverse osmosis treatment and recycling apparatus of claim 5, wherein the automatic control module further comprises an LCD electronic display screen for displaying the operation status of the apparatus.
7. The reverse osmosis treatment and recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the multi-stage filtration pretreatment system further comprises a dosing device, the dosing device is respectively connected with the water inlet of the lamination filter for adding a bactericide and the water inlet of the cartridge filter for adding a scale inhibitor.
8. The reverse osmosis treatment and reuse apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said advanced treatment system further comprises an emulsion proportioning tank; the emulsion proportioning box is arranged at the downstream of the reverse osmosis membrane component and is used for storing reverse osmosis produced water and carrying out emulsion proportioning and concentrated water discharge equipment.
9. The reverse osmosis treatment and recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the sensors comprise at least a water pressure sensor, a water flow sensor, a conductivity monitor, a turbidity monitor, a pH monitor, and a liquid level sensor, for monitoring parameters of each component in the apparatus.
10. The reverse osmosis treatment and reuse apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said reverse osmosis treatment and reuse apparatus further comprises a housing; integrating the automatic control module, the multi-stage filtration pre-treatment system and the depth treatment system.
CN202111248891.9A 2021-10-26 2021-10-26 Mine water underground modular reverse osmosis treatment and recycling equipment Pending CN114133057A (en)

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