CN113720305A - Intelligence is copied and is surveyed earthwork and backfill elevation device - Google Patents

Intelligence is copied and is surveyed earthwork and backfill elevation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113720305A
CN113720305A CN202111116083.7A CN202111116083A CN113720305A CN 113720305 A CN113720305 A CN 113720305A CN 202111116083 A CN202111116083 A CN 202111116083A CN 113720305 A CN113720305 A CN 113720305A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
protective cover
sleeve
support
elevation device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202111116083.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗明
王虹程
王文立
梁荣财
周开洪
于宁飞
张志刚
孙毅
董会刚
尚书礼
展昆昆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Railway Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
China Railway Construction Engineering Group Shandong Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Railway Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
China Railway Construction Engineering Group Shandong Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Railway Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd, China Railway Construction Engineering Group Shandong Co Ltd filed Critical China Railway Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202111116083.7A priority Critical patent/CN113720305A/en
Publication of CN113720305A publication Critical patent/CN113720305A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C5/00Measuring height; Measuring distances transverse to line of sight; Levelling between separated points; Surveyors' levels

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent soil-measuring-cube backfilling elevation device which comprises a base, wherein a protective cover is arranged on the upper surface of the base, the motor is fixedly arranged in the protective cover, a screw rod is also arranged in the protective cover, the upper end of the screw rod is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft of the motor through a coupler, a nut seat is arranged on the screw rod, a plurality of cross rods are arranged on the nut seat, the other ends of the cross rods are fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod, the other end of the connecting rod passes through the base and extends to the lower part of the base, a pressure plate is arranged below the base, a distance measuring sensor is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the base, a plurality of support rods are arranged on the side surface of the base, the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a sleeve, a support is arranged below the sleeve, and the support is provided with an adjusting bolt which penetrates through the closed end of the sleeve. The invention has the advantages of simple structure and flexible measuring mode.

Description

Intelligence is copied and is surveyed earthwork and backfill elevation device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of construction engineering construction, in particular to an intelligent soil-measuring-cube backfilling elevation device.
Background
The backfilling refers to returning filled soil after completing foundation and other ground engineering in engineering construction. In order to ensure that the problems of settlement cracks and the like do not occur after backfilling construction, engineering personnel must accurately master the backfilling elevation before backfilling, so that the backfilling amount of earthwork is accurately calculated, and the problem of uneven bottom surface caused by too much or too little earthwork is avoided. The backfill elevation is obtained by subtracting the road structure height from the project bottom height, so that the determination of the project bottom height is the basis for determining the backfill elevation.
However, in the existing construction process, an engineer generally measures earth backfill elevations of objects to be backfilled, such as a road surface, a foundation pit and the like, in a manual mode, the process is complicated, the measurement precision of the method is easily influenced by human factors, the measurement result is not accurate, and higher construction requirements cannot be met.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems and designs an intelligent soil-measuring-cube backfill elevation device.
An intelligent earth-measuring backfill elevation device comprises a base, wherein a protective cover is arranged on the upper surface of the base, the protective cover is a cylindrical outer cover with an opening at the lower end and a closed upper end, the upper end surface of the protective cover is a spherical surface,
the protective cover is internally provided with a motor mounting rack, the motor mounting rack is positioned at the upper part of the inner cavity of the protective cover and close to the end surface of the upper end of the protective cover, a motor is fixedly mounted on a motor mounting seat, a rotating shaft of the motor faces downwards and points to the upper surface of the base, a bearing seat is mounted on the upper surface of the base, the bearing seat is arranged in the protective cover and positioned under the rotating shaft of the motor, a lead screw is further arranged in the protective cover, the upper end of the lead screw is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of the motor through a coupler, the lower end of the lead screw is inserted on the bearing seat, and the lead screw can rotate on the bearing seat;
a nut seat is arranged on the screw rod, a plurality of cross rods are arranged on the nut seat, one ends of the cross rods are fixedly connected with the side surface of the nut seat, the cross rods are distributed on the side surface of the nut seat at equal angles by taking the nut seat as the center, the other ends of the cross rods are fixedly connected with one ends of connecting rods, the connecting rods are parallel to the screw rod, the other ends of the connecting rods penetrate through the base and extend to the lower part of the base, a pressing plate is arranged below the base, the other ends of the connecting rods are fixedly connected with the upper surface of the pressing plate, a distance measuring sensor is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the base, a lens of the distance measuring sensor faces the upper surface of the pressing plate, and the distance between the upper surface of the pressing plate and the lens is detected;
be equipped with a plurality of bracing pieces on the side surface of base, the equidistance distribution of bracing piece is on the side surface of base, the one end of bracing piece and the side surface fixed connection of base, be equipped with the sleeve pipe on the other end of bracing piece, the sleeve pipe is one end opening other end confined pipe, sheathed tube open end cover is on the other end of bracing piece, be equipped with the set screw on the sheathed tube open end, the sheathed tube open end passes through the other end fixed connection of set screw with the bracing piece, the sheathed tube below is equipped with the support, install adjusting bolt on the support, adjusting bolt can rotate on the support, adjusting bolt runs through sheathed tube blind end, threaded connection is passed through with sheathed tube blind end to adjusting bolt, sheathed tube blind end can realize rising or reducing along with adjusting bolt's rotation.
The lower surface of the pressure plate and the lower surface of the support are positioned in the same plane.
The distance sensor is connected with the mobile terminal through a data line, and the distance measuring sensor transmits the measured parameters to the mobile terminal.
The supporting rod is a round rod, and the other end of the supporting rod is in interference fit with the opening end of the sleeve.
The pressing plate is a rectangular plate, and the pressing thickness is not more than two centimeters.
The cross rod and the nut seat are both positioned in the same plane, and the plane is perpendicular to the length direction of the screw rod.
The number of the cross rods is not less than two, and the length direction of the cross rods points to the center of the nut seat.
The base is of a circular plate-shaped structure, and the central line of the base, the central line of the protective cover, the central line of the lead screw, the central line of the motor shaft and the central line of the bearing seat are all located on the same straight line.
The protective cover is a transparent protective cover made of resin materials, and the diameter of the base is twice of that of the protective cover.
Advantageous effects
The intelligent earth-measuring backfill elevation device manufactured by the technical scheme of the invention has the following advantages:
1. the device realizes the function of automatically measuring the bottom height of the project by matching the structures such as the optical distance meter, the stepping motor and the like, does not need manual measurement, eliminates the influence of human factors on the measurement result to the maximum extent, and ensures the measurement accuracy;
2. the device is flexible in use mode, and the height of the base can be adjusted according to needs, so that the device is suitable for measuring the elevation of different types of pavements and foundation pits;
3. this device structural design is simple, and the low in manufacturing cost of production has stronger practicality and market competition, but wide application in the measurement of the earthwork backfill standard height of different engineering.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an intelligent earth-measuring backfill elevation device according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an intelligent earth-measuring backfill elevation device according to the invention;
in the figure, 1, a base; 2. a protective cover; 3. a motor mounting bracket; 4. a motor; 5. a bearing seat; 6. a screw rod; 7. a coupling; 8. a nut seat; 9. a cross bar; 10. a connecting rod; 11. pressing a plate; 12. a ranging sensor; 13. a support bar; 14. a sleeve; 15. a set screw; 16. a support; 17. and adjusting the bolt.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in detail below with reference to the drawings, as shown in FIGS. 1-2;
the protection cover is characterized in that a motor mounting frame 3 is arranged in the protection cover, the motor mounting frame is located on the upper portion of an inner cavity of the protection cover and close to the upper end face of the protection cover, a motor 4 is fixedly mounted on a motor mounting seat, a rotating shaft of the motor faces downwards and points to the upper surface of a base, a bearing seat 5 is mounted on the upper surface of the base, the bearing seat is located in the protection cover and located under the rotating shaft of the motor, a lead screw 6 is further arranged in the protection cover, the upper end of the lead screw is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of the motor through a coupler 7, the lower end of the lead screw is inserted into the bearing seat, and the lead screw can rotate on the bearing seat;
the device is characterized in that a nut seat 8 is arranged on a screw rod, a plurality of cross rods 9 are arranged on the nut seat, one ends of the cross rods are fixedly connected with the side surface of the nut seat, the cross rods are distributed on the side surface of the nut seat at equal angles by taking the nut seat as a center, the other ends of the cross rods are fixedly connected with one ends of connecting rods 10, the connecting rods are parallel to the screw rod, the other ends of the connecting rods penetrate through the base to extend to the lower part of the base, a pressing plate 11 is arranged below the base, the other ends of the connecting rods are fixedly connected with the upper surface of the pressing plate, a distance measuring sensor 12 is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the base, and a lens of the distance measuring sensor faces the upper surface of the pressing plate and detects the distance between the upper surface of the pressing plate and the lens;
the invention is also characterized in that a plurality of support rods 13 are arranged on the side surface of the base, the support rods are distributed on the side surface of the base at equal intervals, one end of the supporting rod is fixedly connected with the side surface of the base, the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a sleeve 14, the sleeve is a round tube with one open end and the other closed end, the open end of the sleeve is sleeved on the other end of the support rod, the open end of the sleeve is provided with a set screw 15, the open end of the sleeve is fixedly connected with the other end of the support rod through the set screw, a support 16 is arranged below the sleeve, an adjusting bolt 17 is arranged on the support and can rotate on the support, the adjusting bolt penetrates through the closed end of the sleeve, the adjusting bolt is in threaded connection with the closed end of the sleeve, and the closed end of the sleeve can be lifted or lowered along with the rotation of the adjusting bolt.
The electronic device adopted by the technical scheme comprises:
a motor: the stepping motor can be selected, is connected with the control terminal through the encoder, sends a control command to the encoder through the control terminal, the encoder receives the control command and converts the control command into a corresponding stepping number, then the stepping motor is controlled to rotate by a certain angle, and the nut seat can move for a certain distance along the screw rod under the limiting action of the connecting rod;
a distance measuring sensor: the laser ranging sensor or the infrared ranging sensor can be selected;
the electronic devices are all existing products, the technical scheme of the application has no special requirements and changes on the structures of the electronic devices, and the electronic devices all belong to conventional electronic equipment;
in the implementation process of the technical scheme, a person in the art needs to connect all the electrical components in the present application with a power supply adapted to the electrical components through a wire, and should select an appropriate controller according to actual conditions to meet control requirements, and specific connection and control sequence.
The invention also has the innovation point that the lower surface of the pressure plate and the lower surface of the support are positioned in the same plane; the distance sensor is connected with the mobile terminal through a data line, and the distance measuring sensor transmits the measured parameters to the mobile terminal; the supporting rod is a round rod, and the other end of the supporting rod is in interference fit with the opening end of the sleeve; the pressing plate is a rectangular plate, and the pressing thickness is not more than two centimeters; the cross rod and the nut seat are both positioned in the same plane, and the plane is vertical to the length direction of the screw rod; the number of the cross rods is not less than two, and the length direction of the cross rods points to the center of the nut seat; the base is of a circular plate-shaped structure, and the central line of the base, the central line of the protective cover, the central line of the lead screw, the central line of the motor shaft and the central line of the bearing seat are all positioned on the same straight line; the protective cover is a transparent protective cover made of resin materials, and the diameter of the base is twice of that of the protective cover.
In the implementation process of the technical scheme, the total lengths of the sleeve and the support rod are adjusted, and then the base is assumed to be above the foundation pit or the groove through the sleeve, the support rod and the support; the relative distance between the distance measuring sensor and the upper surface of the pressing plate is adjusted to be zero through the mobile terminal, the motor is started, the revolution number of the motor is controlled through the control terminal and the encoder, so that the technical effect that the nut seat slowly descends on the screw rod is achieved, when the pressing plate presses the bottom of the foundation pit or the roadbed, the elevation can be calculated by a worker according to the descending height of the nut seat, and the automatic measuring process of the earthwork backfill standard height is completed.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation. The use of the phrase "comprising one of the elements does not exclude the presence of other like elements in the process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The technical solutions described above only represent the preferred technical solutions of the present invention, and some possible modifications to some parts of the technical solutions by those skilled in the art all represent the principles of the present invention, and fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. An intelligent earth-measuring backfill elevation device comprises a base (1), a protective cover (2) is arranged on the upper surface of the base, the protective cover is a cylindrical outer cover with an opening at the lower end and a closed upper end, the upper end surface of the protective cover is a spherical surface, and the device is characterized in that,
a motor mounting rack (3) is arranged in the protective cover, the motor mounting rack is positioned at the upper part of the inner cavity of the protective cover and close to the end surface of the upper end of the protective cover, a motor (4) is fixedly mounted on the motor mounting seat, a rotating shaft of the motor faces downwards and points to the upper surface of the base, a bearing seat (5) is mounted on the upper surface of the base, the bearing seat is arranged in the protective cover and positioned right below the rotating shaft of the motor, a lead screw (6) is further arranged in the protective cover, the upper end of the lead screw is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of the motor through a coupler (7), the lower end of the lead screw is inserted on the bearing seat, and the lead screw can rotate on the bearing seat;
a nut seat (8) is arranged on the screw rod, a plurality of cross rods (9) are arranged on the nut seat, one ends of the cross rods are fixedly connected with the side surface of the nut seat, the cross rods are distributed on the side surface of the nut seat at equal angles by taking the nut seat as a center, the other ends of the cross rods are fixedly connected with one ends of connecting rods (10), the connecting rods are parallel to the screw rod, the other ends of the connecting rods penetrate through the base to extend to the lower part of the base, a pressing plate (11) is arranged below the base, the other ends of the connecting rods are fixedly connected with the upper surface of the pressing plate, a distance measuring sensor (12) is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the base, a lens of the distance measuring sensor faces the upper surface of the pressing plate, and the distance between the upper surface of the pressing plate and the lens is detected;
a plurality of support rods (13) are arranged on the side surface of the base, the support rods are distributed on the side surface of the base at equal intervals, one end of the supporting rod is fixedly connected with the side surface of the base, the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a sleeve (14), the sleeve is a round tube with one open end and the other closed end, the open end of the sleeve is sleeved on the other end of the support rod, the open end of the sleeve is provided with a set screw (15), the open end of the sleeve is fixedly connected with the other end of the support rod through the set screw, a support (16) is arranged below the sleeve, an adjusting bolt (17) is arranged on the support, the adjusting bolt can rotate on the support, the adjusting bolt penetrates through the closed end of the sleeve, the adjusting bolt is in threaded connection with the closed end of the sleeve, and the closed end of the sleeve can be lifted or lowered along with the rotation of the adjusting bolt.
2. The intelligent soil measuring square backfill elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the lower surface of the pressing plate and the lower surface of the support are located in the same plane.
3. The intelligent earth-reading backfill elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the distance sensor is connected with the mobile terminal through a data line, and the distance sensor transmits the measured parameters to the mobile terminal.
4. The intelligent earth-measuring backfill elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the support rod is a round rod, and the other end of the support rod is in interference fit with the open end of the sleeve.
5. The intelligent soil measuring cube backfilling elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the pressing plate is a rectangular plate, and the thickness of the pressing plate is not more than two centimeters.
6. The intelligent soil measuring square backfill elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the cross rod and the nut seat are both located in the same plane, and the plane is perpendicular to the length direction of the wire rod.
7. The intelligent soil shoveling and measuring backfill elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the number of the cross rods is not less than two, and the length direction of the cross rods points to the center of the nut seat.
8. The intelligent earth-logging backfill elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the base is of a circular plate-shaped structure, and the center line of the base, the center line of the protective cover, the center line of the lead screw, the center line of the motor shaft and the center line of the bearing seat are all located on the same straight line.
9. The intelligent soil-reading and measuring backfill elevation device according to claim 1, wherein the protective cover is a transparent protective cover made of resin materials, and the diameter of the base is twice that of the protective cover.
CN202111116083.7A 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Intelligence is copied and is surveyed earthwork and backfill elevation device Pending CN113720305A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111116083.7A CN113720305A (en) 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Intelligence is copied and is surveyed earthwork and backfill elevation device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111116083.7A CN113720305A (en) 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Intelligence is copied and is surveyed earthwork and backfill elevation device

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CN113720305A true CN113720305A (en) 2021-11-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202111116083.7A Pending CN113720305A (en) 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Intelligence is copied and is surveyed earthwork and backfill elevation device

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101691988A (en) * 2009-10-12 2010-04-07 长沙理工大学 Device for measuring elevation of bearing of turbo generator set
CN105203077A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-30 刘海 Full-intelligent elevation instrument, elevation system and construction elevation measurement method
CN209025090U (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-06-25 浙江南方工程建设监理有限公司 A kind of foundation pit construction parameter detection device
CN111442713A (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-07-24 上海航鼎电子科技发展有限公司 Soil body 3D displacement measuring device
CN211922692U (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-11-13 中国电建集团贵州电力设计研究院有限公司 Positioning and calibrating device for foundation bolt
CN212806875U (en) * 2020-08-10 2021-03-26 中国二冶集团有限公司 Pile foundation pit diameter and depth measuring instrument

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101691988A (en) * 2009-10-12 2010-04-07 长沙理工大学 Device for measuring elevation of bearing of turbo generator set
CN105203077A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-30 刘海 Full-intelligent elevation instrument, elevation system and construction elevation measurement method
CN209025090U (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-06-25 浙江南方工程建设监理有限公司 A kind of foundation pit construction parameter detection device
CN211922692U (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-11-13 中国电建集团贵州电力设计研究院有限公司 Positioning and calibrating device for foundation bolt
CN111442713A (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-07-24 上海航鼎电子科技发展有限公司 Soil body 3D displacement measuring device
CN212806875U (en) * 2020-08-10 2021-03-26 中国二冶集团有限公司 Pile foundation pit diameter and depth measuring instrument

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Address after: 100000 Nord tower 1, 128 South Fourth Ring Road West, Fengtai District, Beijing.

Applicant after: China Railway Construction Engineering Group

Applicant after: China Railway Construction Group No.2 Construction Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 100000 Nord tower 1, 128 South Fourth Ring Road West, Fengtai District, Beijing.

Applicant before: China Railway Construction Engineering Group

Applicant before: CHINA RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING GROUP SHANDONG Co.,Ltd.