CN113668576A - Assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure and construction method - Google Patents

Assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113668576A
CN113668576A CN202111036915.4A CN202111036915A CN113668576A CN 113668576 A CN113668576 A CN 113668576A CN 202111036915 A CN202111036915 A CN 202111036915A CN 113668576 A CN113668576 A CN 113668576A
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China
Prior art keywords
slope
framework
masonry
assembled
protection structure
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CN202111036915.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董捷
赵士荣
张国祥
孙爱斌
肖世伟
胡建林
王小敬
李岩
胡中伟
郑瑞海
陈洪运
钱任
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Beiwang Group Co Ltd
Zhangjiakou Road & Bridge Construction Group Co ltd
China Railway Design Corp
Hebei University of Architecture
Original Assignee
Beiwang Group Co Ltd
Zhangjiakou Road & Bridge Construction Group Co ltd
China Railway Design Corp
Hebei University of Architecture
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Application filed by Beiwang Group Co Ltd, Zhangjiakou Road & Bridge Construction Group Co ltd, China Railway Design Corp, Hebei University of Architecture filed Critical Beiwang Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202111036915.4A priority Critical patent/CN113668576A/en
Publication of CN113668576A publication Critical patent/CN113668576A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembled rubble slope surface protection structure and a construction method, wherein the protection structure comprises a slope soil body, an assembled masonry framework is fixed on the slope surface of the slope soil body, the masonry framework is engaged and fixed from the slope surface to a slope foot through an assembled structure, grouted rubbles are paved in the masonry framework, a slope foot embedded structural component is arranged at the slope foot of the slope soil body, and the slope foot embedded structural component supports the bottom of the masonry framework; the construction method comprises the following steps: cleaning a side slope; setting a bottom layer structure; hoisting the assembled masonry framework; implanting an anchor rod; laying an assembled masonry framework; constructing a water stop joint; and (5) slope deformation control. The slope surface reinforcing method effectively utilizes the raw stones to reinforce the slope surface, plays a role in gravity back pressure compared with a single lattice slope protection, can better utilize the raw stones, and reduces the waste slag of field excavation. Compared with an integral slope protection structure, the invention adopts the assembled slope protection construction, and compared with mortar rubble, the invention can accelerate the construction and ensure the construction period.

Description

Assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure and construction method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of civil engineering, and particularly relates to an assembled type flaky stone side slope surface protection structure and a construction method.
Background
At present, research aiming at slope freeze injury mainly surrounds the fields of slope frozen soil layer distribution, influence of rock-soil freezing and thawing on slope stability and the like. The common slope surface protection structure of the current railway and highway mainly comprises the forms of mortar rubble, an arched framework, a concrete lattice and the like. The research on the durability of the slope surface protection structure mainly relates to the influence of chloride ion erosion and freeze-thaw cycle on the durability of a concrete structure, and the current main focus is the research on the durability characteristic of a pure concrete structure. The freezing injury damage of the slope protection structure in the mountainous area in northern China is closely related to the natural environment and the self structural characteristics of the occurrence area. Analysis shows that the frost heaving damage of the slope surface protection structure due to direct contact with slope surface rock-soil mass needs to consider the influence of the rock-soil mass characteristics and water retention characteristics of the rock-soil mass in contact with the slope surface protection structure, the water migration of the concrete or mortar structure, and environmental factors such as sunlight, air humidity, temperature difference and the like. For a common slope protection structure, intrinsic factors such as mortar quality loss caused by repeated frost heaving and interface damage between internal stones also need to be considered.
The traditional slope surface protection structure and the construction method have the disadvantages of large engineering quantity and low mechanization degree, so that the construction period is long; particularly for mountain road construction, due to the fact that traffic is inconvenient, materials are difficult to carry to a construction site, a large amount of labor is needed to be invested, and construction efficiency is extremely low.
In view of the fact that the traditional slope protection structure and construction method are not suitable for the development requirements of engineering construction, a set of slope protection structure and construction method with high construction efficiency and low labor consumption is needed to be developed so as to solve the problem that the engineering construction of the slope protection structure is seriously lagged. The assembly type construction technology has the characteristics of cleanness, energy conservation, high quality, low pollution and the like, and the application range in the field of slope engineering is gradually wide.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure and a construction method.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a domatic protective structure of assembled rubble side slope, includes the side slope soil body, be fixed with the brickwork skeleton of pin-connected panel on the domatic of side slope soil body, the brickwork skeleton is fixed through assembling the structure interlock from domatic slope to the toe, the brickwork skeleton middle berth has thick liquid rubble, the toe department of side slope soil body is provided with toe pre-buried structural component, toe pre-buried structural component carries out the bottom sprag to the brickwork skeleton.
Furthermore, the masonry framework comprises a slope top masonry framework and a slope surface masonry framework, and the slope top masonry framework is located at the slope top position of the side slope soil body.
Furthermore, the slope top masonry framework comprises a top rectangular frame body, a containing cavity of the top rectangular frame body contains the grouted rubble, and one side of the top rectangular frame body forms a groove for assembling.
Furthermore, the slope masonry framework comprises a rectangular frame body, a containing cavity of the rectangular frame body contains the grouted rubble, one side of the rectangular frame body forms a groove for assembling, and the other side of the rectangular frame body forms a bump for assembling.
Furthermore, the positions of the grooves and the lugs are linearly corresponding, and the lugs of the masonry frameworks can be inserted into the grooves of the adjacent masonry frameworks.
Furthermore, a waterproof layer for performing waterproof protection on the side slope soil body is arranged between the masonry framework and the side slope surface.
Furthermore, the masonry framework and the side slope soil body are fixed in an anchoring mode.
Furthermore, an internal steel bar for reinforcing the masonry framework is arranged in the masonry framework.
A construction method of an assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure comprises the following steps:
i. side slope cleaning S101
Carrying out mechanical rough renovation and manual renovation on the slope surface of the side slope before construction;
ii, bottom layer structure setting S102
The continuous slope toe embedded structural members are arranged at the bottom of the side slope, so that the risk of sliding and falling of the side slope protection structure is reduced, and the influence on existing structures such as roads and the like is ensured;
iii, hoisting S103 of assembled masonry framework
Hoisting the masonry framework poured in situ to a temporary storage area;
iv implanting the anchor rod S104
An anchor rod is arranged on the side slope to play a temporary supporting role on the side slope;
v. laying assembled masonry framework S105
Paving the slope surface with the prefabricated masonry framework building blocks;
vi.water stop joint construction S106
A water stopping seam is constructed on the side slope, so that the side slope is stable, water stopping is reliable, and construction is smooth;
vii slope deformation control S107
And controlling the slope deformation according to the surrounding environmental conditions.
And furthermore, paving the assembled masonry framework in the step v, assembling the assembled masonry framework from top to bottom and from left to right, and tightly combining the assembled masonry framework with the slope foot below the masonry framework.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
the slope surface reinforcing method effectively utilizes the raw stones to reinforce the slope surface, plays a role in gravity back pressure compared with a single lattice slope protection, can better utilize the raw stones, and reduces the waste slag of field excavation.
Compared with an integral slope protection structure, the invention adopts the assembled slope protection construction, and compared with mortar rubble, the invention can accelerate the construction and ensure the construction period.
The invention is suitable for the slope with certain frost heaviness, expansibility and other characteristics or the area where the slope may have certain repeated deformation, and can better adapt to the change of the deformation and the fluctuation of the slope and reduce the cracking of the slope protection structure.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the slope protection structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the slope protection structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the masonry skeleton of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a reinforcement diagram of the masonry framework of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of section A-A of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of section 1-1 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the fixing of the masonry frame according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a fixed plan view of a pressure platen of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the hoisting of the masonry skeleton according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a flow chart of a method of the present invention;
wherein:
1 masonry framework and 2 grouted rubble
3 anchor rod hole 5 anchor rod
Waterproof layer of 6 toe embedded structural member 7
8 bearing bedplate 9 pedestal
10 reinforcing bar 11 anchor
12 slope surface 13 convex block
14-groove No. 15I steel bar
16 II steel bars.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
as shown in fig. 1-10, an assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure comprises a slope soil body, wherein an assembled masonry framework 1 is fixed on the slope surface of the slope soil body, the masonry framework 1 is fixed from the slope surface to a slope foot through an assembled structure in an engaged manner, grout rubble 2 is paved in the masonry framework 1, a slope foot embedded structural component 6 is arranged at the slope foot of the slope soil body, and the slope foot embedded structural component 6 supports the masonry framework 1 at the bottom.
The masonry framework 1 comprises a slope top masonry framework and a slope surface masonry framework, and the slope top masonry framework is located at the slope top position of a side slope soil body.
The pitched roof masonry framework comprises a top rectangular framework body, a containing cavity of the top rectangular framework body contains the grouted rubble 2, and one side of the top rectangular framework body forms a groove 14 for assembling.
The slope masonry framework comprises a rectangular frame body, a containing cavity of the rectangular frame body contains the mortar rubble 2, one side of the rectangular frame body forms a groove 14 for assembling, and the other side of the rectangular frame body forms a bump 13 for assembling.
The positions of the grooves 14 and the convex blocks 13 are linearly corresponding, and the convex blocks 13 of the masonry frameworks 1 can be inserted into the grooves 14 of the adjacent masonry frameworks 1.
And a waterproof layer 7 for performing waterproof protection on a slope soil body is also arranged between the masonry framework 1 and the slope surface 12 of the slope.
The masonry framework 1 and a side slope soil body are fixed in an anchoring mode.
Still be provided with the inside reinforcing bar that carries out the reinforcement to it in the brickwork skeleton 1.
An anchoring body 11 is arranged in the slope surface 12 of the side slope, a reinforcing steel bar 10 is arranged in the anchoring body 11, and the reinforcing steel bar 10 extends out of the slope surface 12 of the side slope and forms an external thread for assembly.
An anchor rod hole 3 is formed in the masonry framework 1, the reinforcing steel bar 10 serves as an anchor rod 5, and the anchor rod 5 can penetrate through the anchor rod hole 3.
The anchor rod 5 is provided with a pressure bearing bedplate 8, a threaded hole is formed in the pressure bearing bedplate 8, and the threaded hole is matched with the external thread of the anchor rod 5.
Preferably, a pedestal 9 is further arranged between the pressure-bearing bedplate 8 and the masonry framework 1, and the pedestal 9 increases the contact area with the masonry framework 1.
Form the draw-in groove in the toe embedded structural component 6, masonry skeleton 1 lateral wall department forms the mounting groove with draw-in groove matched with to realize the support of toe embedded structural component 6 to masonry skeleton 1.
Inside reinforcing bar in the rectangle framework of brickwork skeleton 1 includes No. I reinforcing bar 15, No. II reinforcing bar 16, No. I reinforcing bar 15, No. II reinforcing bar 16 vertical cross.
No. I reinforcing bar 15 is along following the slope direction, No. I reinforcing bar 15 includes two long reinforcing bars, and two long reinforcing bars are parallel with domatic, are provided with the many short reinforcing bars of perpendicular connection the two between two long reinforcing bars.
No. II reinforcing bar 16 transverse slope direction, No. II reinforcing bar 16 is including two long reinforcing bars equally, and two long reinforcing bar transverse slope are towards and parallel, are provided with the many short reinforcing bars of perpendicular connection the two between two long reinforcing bars.
EPDM sponge foaming glue wraps the outer wall of the masonry framework 1, and therefore fixing of the adjacent masonry framework 1 is achieved.
The masonry framework 1 is in a shape of protruding upwards and recessed downwards, namely a bump 13 and a groove 14, so that frost heaving damage to the slope surface of the slope in a severe cold region due to long-term freeze thawing is prevented; meanwhile, the masonry framework 1 is reinforced on the side slope through the anchor rod, and the function of attaching the assembled structure to stabilize the side slope is achieved.
Preferably, the side wall of the masonry framework 1 where the groove 14 is located needs thickening treatment.
The anchoring holes 3 are located in the projections 13.
Reinforcing ribs in a rectangular frame of the masonry framework 1 to ensure that protruding parts of structural members are stable and do not damage; the structural member is stable, and meanwhile, the influence caused by frost heaving is resisted.
Before the masonry framework 1 is hoisted, EPDM sponge foaming glue is wrapped around the outside of the masonry framework.
The masonry framework 1 is cast in situ and hoisted in situ for construction operation; earlier fix a position and lay, squeeze into 5 reinforcing backs of stock and carry out the hoist and mount of brickwork skeleton 1 and lay, carry out grout rubble 2 at last and lay in order to guarantee the safety of construction operation and overall structure's stability during the use.
The slope toe embedded structural member of the assembled masonry framework slope protection structure is long in pile body, stable in structure and small in masonry quantity; the pile body has high bending rigidity and can resist most of gliding thrust, so that the structural falling of the slope surface of the side slope in severe cold areas caused by long-term freeze thawing is prevented.
A construction method of an assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure comprises the following steps:
i. slope cleaning
Carrying out mechanical rough renovation and manual renovation on the slope surface of the side slope before construction;
ii, setting the bottom layer structure
The continuous slope toe embedded structural members 6 are arranged at the bottom of the side slope, so that the risk of sliding and falling of the side slope protection structure is reduced, and the influence on existing structures such as roads and the like is ensured;
iii-assembled masonry framework hoisting
Hoisting the masonry framework 1 poured in situ to a temporary storage area;
iv, implant the anchor shank
An anchor rod is arranged on the side slope to play a temporary supporting role on the side slope;
v. laying assembled masonry framework
Paving building blocks of an assembled masonry framework 1 on the slope;
vi.construction of water-stopping joint
A water stopping seam is constructed on the side slope, so that the side slope is stable, water stopping is reliable, and construction is smooth;
vii slope deformation control
And controlling the slope deformation according to the surrounding environmental conditions.
And step v, paving an assembled masonry framework, assembling the assembled masonry framework from top to bottom and from left to right, and tightly combining the assembled masonry framework with the slope toe below the masonry framework.
In step i, concretely, the general cutting slope renovation is divided into rough renovation and renovation twice, the rough renovation is carried out by equipping certain manpower during the mechanical construction period and randomly renovating loose soil remained on the slope and earth and stones which can not be excavated by the machine according to the slope rate roughly, and the residual earth and stones are transported away. And the contour lines of the roadbed slope are roughly renovated, and the residual earthwork is timely transported away, so that the difficulty in transportation caused by the addition of a large amount of residual earthwork is avoided. The final finishing of the slope is generally carried out in sections.
Further, in step i, the manual renovation process specifically comprises the following steps:
firstly, after a section of roadbed is dug, the roadbed is immediately refitted.
Then, preparing for the next project construction, preparing a slope ruler according to the design before the side slope renovation, preparing a plumb bob and cotton threads, digging a groove every 10-15 m hanging lines to prepare a slope sample plate,
and finally, the slope is renovated from top to bottom, and a slope ruler is often used for correction.
In step i, the operator fastens a safety belt on the waist, and the safety belt is hung at a safety position on the top of the slope. Meanwhile, simple wooden splints are erected on the side slope by soil nails to tread feet. Trimming a side slope of a deep-cut section by adopting sectional trimming and grading treatment; and a waterproof layer of cohesive soil is made.
In step ii, the slope protection structural member is in a shape of being convex upwards and concave downwards, the grouted rubble 2 is arranged in the middle, the grouted rubble 2 is bonded through clay, and the upper part of the masonry framework 1 is provided with an anchor rod hole 3 and is fixed through an anchor rod 5; the size of the grouted rubble arranged in the masonry framework 1 is 500 mm/490 mm, and the building blocks at the bottom of the slope need to be connected with the slope toe embedded pile bodies.
The lower structure of the toe embedded structural member 6 is wider than the upper structure, so that the lower structure is more stable. In order to prevent the whole brickwork skeleton 1 from slipping off, the slope toe embedded structural component 6 is stably connected with the brickwork skeleton 1 of the side slope, and the holding force is uniform.
In step ii, setting the bottom layer structure, specifically including the following steps:
firstly, the building blocks at the bottom of the slope need to be connected with the embedded pile body of the slope foot.
And then, measuring and placing points, finding the position of the pile, then digging a hole, and cleaning up the miscellaneous soil and other obstacles at the position of the pile.
Then, cleaning the hole; and placing a reinforcement cage, and pouring concrete.
And finally, maintaining.
In the step iii, in the process of hoisting the assembled masonry framework, the hoisting mode of the assembled masonry framework is integral hoisting, and the concrete process is as follows:
selecting a hemp rope or a nylon rope with large bearing capacity; at present, the ropes are twisted into four strands, two of the ropes are selected to be hoisted from the position of the point C, the rest two ropes are hoisted from the position of the point D, the middle of the ropes is crossed into a cross, and the ropes are arranged at the position of the gravity center of the masonry framework.
In the step iii, in the hoisting process of the assembly type masonry framework, the masonry framework 1 is bonded by clay in a cast-in-place mode.
The grout rubble 2 mode of hoist and mount is integral hoisting, should wrap up EPDM sponge foaming glue around the frame construction outside before hoist and mount, utilizes bearing capacity hemp rope or nylon rope, carries out one-to-one overlap joint to become network structure, hoists after putting into grout rubble 2 massive structure.
In the step iii, in the process of hoisting the assembled masonry framework, the temporary storage area and other work type operation areas are provided with isolation zones or made into a closed storage area.
In the anchor rod implanting process of step iv, an anchor rod 5 is arranged on the side slope to play a temporary supporting role on the side slope, and the concrete process is as follows: firstly, spraying concrete with a certain thickness on the surface of the soil layer, then using a drilling machine to form holes, installing reinforcing steel bars, grouting the anchor rods, connecting a reinforcing steel bar net with a certain thickness, and then spraying the concrete again to reach 100 mm.
And (3) starting to construct the anchor wall when excavating to 0.5 m below the designed position of the anchor at each time, and excavating a layer to construct one anchor. And (5) excavating in a layered and segmented manner, and constructing the anchor wall in a layered and segmented manner.
And in the process of laying the assembled masonry framework in the step v, laying the assembled masonry framework building blocks on the slope surface. The assembly is carried out from top to bottom and from left to right, and the concrete process is as follows:
firstly, after the building block at the topmost position is laid, an anchor rod is driven in for reinforcement.
Then, obtain subsequent brickwork skeleton through hoist and mount, lay the completion until the brickwork skeleton.
And then, the grouted rubble 2 is laid through hoisting, the corresponding position is installed through manual carrying after hoisting, and the residual gap is filled with clay.
And finally, tightly combining the lower part of the masonry structure with a slope toe, and enabling the masonry framework to flow out of a running water gap according to the design.
In the process of laying the assembled masonry skeleton in the step v, the anchor rod 5 is made of ordinary threaded steel bars with the diameter of phi 25, the drilling diameter meets the design requirement, the drilling diameter is 90mm, the hole depth is 0.8m longer than the designed length of the anchor rod, and hole cleaning is thorough after final hole cleaning. After the design requirement is met, if the hole depth reaches the preset depth and does not penetrate through weak rock strata such as a fracture zone or a fault, the hole depth is prolonged until the supervision engineer approves the hole depth.
And vi, in the water stop joint construction process, in order to ensure the stability of the side slope, reliable water stop and smooth construction, the water stop joint needs to be arranged on the side slope. The type, size, burying position and variety and specification of the water-stopping facilities are in accordance with the regulations of the actual construction drawings of the engineering.
In the step vi, in the water stopping seam construction process, the water stopping sheets are flat and clean and have no sand holes or nail holes, the connection of the water stopping sheets adopts a folding mode, a meshing mode or an overlapping mode according to the thickness of the water stopping sheets, the overlapping length of the water stopping sheets is not less than 20 millimeters, and the meshing and overlapping parts need to be welded in a double-sided mode. The rubber water stop sheet is installed to prevent deformation and tearing; the installed water stop should be reinforced and protected.
In the side slope deformation control process in the step vii, in order to ensure the stability of the assembled masonry framework side slope protection structure in the construction process and the rear side slope protection process, regular inspection and monitoring are required.
The slope surface reinforcing method effectively utilizes the raw stones to reinforce the slope surface, plays a role in gravity back pressure compared with a single lattice slope protection, can better utilize the raw stones, and reduces the waste slag of field excavation.
Compared with an integral slope protection structure, the invention adopts the assembled slope protection construction, and compared with mortar rubble, the invention can accelerate the construction and ensure the construction period.
The invention is suitable for the slope with certain frost heaviness, expansibility and other characteristics or the area where the slope may have certain repeated deformation, and can better adapt to the change of the deformation and the fluctuation of the slope and reduce the cracking of the slope protection structure.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a domatic protective structure of assembled slabstone side slope, includes the side slope soil body, its characterized in that: be fixed with brickwork skeleton (1) of pin-connected panel on the domatic of side slope soil body, brickwork skeleton (1) is fixed through assembling the structural interlock from domatic slope to the toe, brickwork skeleton (1) middle berth has thick liquid rubble stone (2), the toe department of the side slope soil body is provided with toe pre-buried structural component (6), toe pre-buried structural component (6) carry out the bottom sprag to brickwork skeleton (1).
2. The assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure of claim 1, wherein: the masonry framework (1) comprises a slope top masonry framework and a slope surface masonry framework, and the slope top masonry framework is located at the slope top position of a side slope soil body.
3. The assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure of claim 2, wherein: the pitched roof masonry framework comprises a top rectangular framework body, a containing cavity of the top rectangular framework body contains the grouted rubble (2), and one side of the top rectangular framework body forms a groove (14) for assembling.
4. The assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure of claim 2, wherein: domatic brickwork skeleton includes the rectangle framework, the chamber that holds of rectangle framework holds grout rubble (2), one side of rectangle framework forms and assembles recess (14) of usefulness, and the opposite side of rectangle framework forms and assembles lug (13) of usefulness.
5. The assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure of claim 4, wherein: the positions of the grooves (14) and the lugs (13) are corresponding to each other in a straight line mode, and the lugs (13) of the masonry frameworks (1) can be inserted into the grooves (14) of the adjacent masonry frameworks (1).
6. The assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure of claim 4, wherein: and a waterproof layer (7) for performing waterproof protection on the slope soil body is also arranged between the masonry framework (1) and the slope surface (12).
7. The assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure of claim 4, wherein: the masonry framework (1) and a side slope soil body are fixed in an anchoring mode.
8. The assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure of claim 4, wherein: still be provided with the inside reinforcing bar that carries out the reinforcement to it in brickwork skeleton (1).
9. A construction method of an assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
(i) side slope cleaning
Carrying out mechanical rough renovation and manual renovation on the slope surface of the side slope before construction;
(ii) underlying structural arrangements
The continuous slope toe embedded structural members (6) are arranged at the bottom of the side slope, so that the risk of sliding and falling of the side slope protection structure is reduced, and the influence on existing structures such as roads and the like is ensured;
(iii) hoisting of assembled masonry framework
Hoisting the masonry framework (1) poured in place to a temporary storage area;
(iv) Implantation anchor
An anchor rod is arranged on the side slope to play a temporary supporting role on the side slope;
(v) laying assembled masonry framework
Paving building blocks of an assembled masonry framework (1) on the slope;
(vi) construction of Water stopping joints
A water stopping seam is constructed on the side slope, so that the side slope is stable, water stopping is reliable, and construction is smooth;
(vii) slope deformation control
And controlling the slope deformation according to the surrounding environmental conditions.
10. The construction method of the assembled type rubble slope surface protection structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: and (v) paving an assembled masonry framework, assembling from top to bottom and from left to right, and tightly combining the slope foot below the masonry framework.
CN202111036915.4A 2021-09-06 2021-09-06 Assembled type flaky stone slope surface protection structure and construction method Pending CN113668576A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115262588A (en) * 2022-06-24 2022-11-01 河北建筑工程学院 Assembled self-adaptive slope surface protection structure and construction method thereof
CN115262588B (en) * 2022-06-24 2023-11-24 河北建筑工程学院 Assembled self-adaptive slope surface protection structure and construction method thereof
CN115288166A (en) * 2022-08-20 2022-11-04 中建一局集团第五建筑有限公司 Arched framework for slope protection and construction process thereof

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