CN113655201A - Wetland soil protection system - Google Patents

Wetland soil protection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113655201A
CN113655201A CN202110921635.5A CN202110921635A CN113655201A CN 113655201 A CN113655201 A CN 113655201A CN 202110921635 A CN202110921635 A CN 202110921635A CN 113655201 A CN113655201 A CN 113655201A
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China
Prior art keywords
detection
soil
wetland soil
wetland
module
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CN202110921635.5A
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CN113655201B (en
Inventor
吴佩雯
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Shanghai Landscape Industry Co ltd
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Shanghai Landscape Industry Co ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C1/00Reclamation of contaminated soil
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/05Programmable logic controllers, e.g. simulating logic interconnections of signals according to ladder diagrams or function charts

Abstract

The utility model relates to a wetland soil protection system, which comprises a frame, be equipped with detection device in the frame, detection device includes sample inserted bar and detection mechanism, be equipped with the detection case in the frame, sample inserted bar top-down passes the detection case setting, be equipped with the driving piece that is used for driving the sample inserted bar and reciprocates in the frame, detection mechanism locates in the detection case, be equipped with the storage case in the frame, the storage case is connected with prosthetic devices. This application has the driving piece and drives the sample inserted bar and take out soil, takes soil to the detection case in to detect the soil in the detection case through detection mechanism, judge whether the pollution degree of wetland soil exceeds standard, thereby carry out prosthetic effect to wetland soil through prosthetic devices.

Description

Wetland soil protection system
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of wetland soil protection, in particular to a wetland soil protection system.
Background
Wetland soil may be broadly defined as a granular medium within the confines of a wetland with a certain degree of soil fertility. In the soil of this area, the groundwater layer can often reach or be close to the surface of the earth, and the water is saturated or often saturated, and its aquatic or hydrophillic vegetation can often form a particular ecological phase. Wetland soil is an important component of wetland ecosystem, and is the initial site for wetland to obtain chemical substances and the intermediary of biogeochemical cycle.
In order to ensure that the wetland soil can play a normal role, people usually sample the wetland soil at regular time, and detect whether the water content in the wetland soil reaches the standard, whether the wetland soil is polluted and the like, so that corresponding measures are taken for the wetland soil.
At present, the existing soil protection system can only repair soil by receiving instructions sent by people, cannot detect and repair the soil at regular time, and needs to be further improved.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problem that the soil cannot be detected and repaired independently and regularly, the application provides a wetland soil protection system.
In a first aspect, the application provides a wetland soil protection device, which adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a wetland soil protection device, includes the frame, be equipped with detection device in the frame, detection device includes sample inserted bar and detection mechanism, be equipped with the detection case in the frame, sample inserted bar top-down passes the detection case setting, be equipped with the driving piece that is used for driving the sample inserted bar to reciprocate in the frame, detection mechanism locates in the detection case, be equipped with the storage case in the frame, the storage case is connected with prosthetic devices.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the driving piece drives the sample inserted bar and takes out soil, takes soil to the detection case in to detect the soil in the detection case through detection mechanism, judge whether the pollution degree of wetland soil exceeds standard, thereby restore wetland soil through prosthetic devices.
Preferably, be equipped with a plurality of sampling boards on the lateral wall of sample inserted bar, a plurality of the equidistance setting of sampling board along the length direction of sample inserted bar, the sampling board is kept away from and is equipped with the baffle on the lateral wall of detection case, adjacent two interval between the sampling board is greater than the height of detection case inner chamber.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the interval between two adjacent sampling plates is greater than the height of detection case inner chamber, can make detection mechanism detect the wetland soil of the different degree of depth alone to judge the degree of pollution of the wetland soil of the different degree of depth, thereby carry out the pertinence and restore.
Preferably, the driving part is a first air cylinder, the first air cylinder is arranged above the detection box, and one end of the sampling inserted rod, which is positioned at the top of the detection box, is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the first air cylinder.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, first cylinder drives the inserted bar that takes a sample and reciprocates, detects in the soil of the different degree of depth detection case of form advancing respectively, is convenient for detect the wetland soil of the different degree of depth.
Preferably, detection mechanism includes soil pollution detector and pH valve tester, be equipped with the PLC controller in the detection case, soil pollution detector and pH valve tester all with PLC controller electric connection, soil pollution detector and pH valve tester are located on the same inside wall of detection case, be equipped with the second cylinder on the lateral wall of detection case, the piston rod of second cylinder passes the inside that the detection case located the detection case, the fixed push pedal that is equipped with on the piston rod of second cylinder, the push pedal is used for pushing away the soil on the sampling plate to the detection department of soil pollution detector and pH valve tester.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the second cylinder drives the push pedal and removes and makes the wetland soil on the sampling plate be pushed away to the detection department of soil pollution detector and pH valve tester to make soil pollution detector and pH valve tester can directly detect the inside soil of detection case, thereby realize automated inspection.
Preferably, be equipped with the storage water tank in the frame, be connected with the water pipe on the storage water tank, the one end that the storage water tank was kept away from to the water pipe is equipped with the shower nozzle, the inner chamber of detection case is located to the lateral wall that the shower nozzle passed the detection case, the shower nozzle sets up towards soil pollution detector, the opening has been seted up on the lateral wall that the shower nozzle was kept away from to the detection case, the opening is located the bottom of detection case lateral wall.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, detect and spout water through the water pipe after accomplishing and wash the inside soil of detection case outside to the detection case to ensure that the detection to the wetland soil pollution degree of the different degree of depth is more accurate.
Preferably, the repairing device comprises a discharge drill bit, a third cylinder is fixedly arranged on the rack, a piston rod of the third cylinder is fixedly arranged at the top end of the discharge drill bit, a through hole is formed in the discharge drill bit from top to bottom, a feeding pipe penetrating into the through hole is connected to the storage box, a plurality of shunting holes are formed in the side wall of the discharge drill bit, and the shunting holes are communicated with the through hole.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, ejection of compact drill bit injects in the soil under the promotion of third cylinder to make repair liquid flow out from the reposition of redundant personnel downthehole through the conveying pipe, realize the restoration to the wetland soil that receives the pollution.
Preferably, the top end of the discharge drill bit is provided with an annular baffle, the inner cavity of the annular baffle is communicated with the through hole of the discharge drill bit, and the feeding pipe penetrates through the annular baffle.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, wetland soil causes the damage to the conveying pipe when ejection of compact drill bit injects wetland soil can be avoided in the setting of ring baffle.
Preferably, the bottom end of the rack is provided with a plurality of fixing columns which are uniformly distributed at two ends of the bottom of the rack.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when detecting the restoration, inject the fixing of frame bottom into and restore soil to fix the frame, avoid the frame to collapse and cause and detect the restoration inaccurate.
In a second aspect, the present application provides a wetland soil protection system, which adopts the following technical scheme:
a wetland soil protection system comprises an environment detection module, a data transmission module and a PLC control module, wherein the environment detection module, the data transmission module and the PLC control module are sequentially connected;
an environment detection module: the method is used for detecting the content of pollutants in the wetland soil;
a data transmission module: transmitting the detection result to a PLC control module;
a PLC control module: the wetland soil restoration device is used for receiving the detection data and judging the pollution degree of the wetland soil, thereby sending a control signal to carry out restoration treatment on the wetland soil.
By adopting the technical scheme, the content of the pollutants in the wetland soil is detected, and the pollution degree of the wetland soil is judged by the PLC, so that the wetland soil is automatically repaired, and automatic repair is realized.
Preferably, the PLC control module comprises a data acquisition module, an analysis module and a control module, and the data acquisition module, the analysis module and the control module are sequentially connected;
a data acquisition module: the wetland soil detection module is used for receiving data such as the pH value, the heavy metal content, the compound content and the like of the wetland soil detected by the environment detection module;
an analysis module: analyzing the received data, and judging whether the pollution degree of the wetland soil exceeds the standard or not;
a control module: and receiving the analysis result and carrying out remediation treatment on the wetland soil.
By adopting the technical scheme, the soil pollution degree of the wetland at different depths is judged, so that the wetland is pertinently repaired.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the driving piece drives the sampling inserted link to take out soil, the soil is brought into the detection box, the soil in the detection box is detected through the detection mechanism, whether the pollution degree of the wetland soil exceeds the standard or not is judged, and therefore the wetland soil is repaired through the repairing device;
2. the interval between two adjacent sampling plates is greater than the height of detection case inner chamber, can make detection mechanism detect the wetland soil of the different degree of depth alone to judge the degree of pollution of the wetland soil of the different degree of depth, thereby carry out the pertinence and restore.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a wetland soil protection device in the embodiment of the application.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the detection device in the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the overall structure at the prosthetic device in the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a wetland soil protection system in the embodiment of the application.
Description of reference numerals: 1. a frame; 2. a detection device; 21. a sampling inserted link; 22. a detection mechanism; 221. a soil pollution detector; 222. a pH value tester; 3. a detection box; 4. a drive member; 5. a material storage box; 6. a prosthetic device; 61. a discharge drill bit; 7. a sampling plate; 8. a baffle plate; 9. a PLC controller; 10. a second cylinder; 11. pushing the plate; 12. a water storage tank; 13. a water pipe; 14. a spray head; 15. a port; 16. a third cylinder; 17. a through hole; 18. a feed pipe; 19. a shunt hole; 20. an annular baffle; 23. fixing a column; 24. an environment detection module; 25. a data transmission module; 26. a PLC control module; 261. a data acquisition module; 262. an analysis module; 263. and a control module.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-4.
The embodiment of the application discloses wetland soil protection system.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the wetland soil protection device comprises a frame 1, wherein a detection device 2 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1, and the detection device 2 comprises a detection mechanism 22 and a vertically arranged sampling inserted rod 21. The frame 1 is provided with a driving part 4 for driving the sampling insertion rod 21 to move up and down, and specifically, the driving part 4 is a first cylinder. The first cylinder is fixedly arranged at the top end of the rack 1, and the top end of the sampling inserted rod 21 is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the first cylinder. The frame 1 is provided with a detection box 3, the detection mechanism 22 is arranged inside the detection box 3, and the sampling inserted rod 21 penetrates through the detection box 3 from top to bottom. Be equipped with a plurality of sampling boards 7 on the lateral wall of sample picture peg, a plurality of sampling boards 7 set up along the length direction equidistance of sample picture peg, and the interval between two adjacent sampling boards 7 is greater than the height of 3 inner chambers of detection case. The fixed baffle 8 that is equipped with of one end that detection case 3 was kept away from to the sample picture peg, all set up the opening that supplies baffle 8 to pass on the roof of detection case 3 and the bottom plate.
In the implementation, the first cylinder drives the sampling inserted bar 21 to move up and down, and the sampling plate 7 on the sampling inserted bar 21 brings the wetland soil to the inside of the detection box 3, and detects the wetland soil through the detection mechanism 22 in the detection box 3, thereby judging the pollution degree of the wetland soil and realizing automatic detection.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the detection mechanism 22 includes a soil pollution detector 221 and a ph tester 222, and the soil pollution detector 221 and the ph tester 222 are disposed on the same inner sidewall of the detection box 3. Be equipped with second cylinder 10 on the lateral wall of detection case 3, the piston rod on the second cylinder 10 passes detection case 3 setting and locates the inside of detection case 3. A push plate 11 is fixedly arranged on a piston rod of the second cylinder 10, and the push plate 11 moves back and forth on the top end of the sampling plate 7 under the driving of the second cylinder 10. When the first cylinder brings one of the sampling plates 7 to the inside of the detection box 3, the second cylinder 10 pushes the push plate 11 to the upper side of the sampling plate 7, and the bottom wall of the push plate 11 is attached to the top wall of the sampling plate 7. The sampling plate 7 is arranged between the second cylinder 10 and the detection mechanism 22, and the push plate 11 pushes the wetland soil on the sampling plate 7 to the detection positions of the soil pollution detector 221 and the acidity-alkalinity tester 222, so that the soil pollution detector 221 and the acidity-alkalinity tester 222 can detect the wetland soil. A water storage tank 12 is arranged on the frame 1, a water pipe 13 is connected to the water storage tank 12, and a spray head 14 is arranged at one end, far away from the water storage tank 12, of the water pipe 13. The water pipe 13 penetrates through the outer side wall of the water storage tank 12 provided with the second cylinder 10, the spray head 14 is arranged inside the water storage tank 12, and the spray head 14 is arranged towards the soil pollution detector 221 and the pH value tester 222. The side wall of the detection box 3 far away from the second cylinder 10 is provided with a through hole 15, and the through hole 15 is positioned at the bottom of the side wall of the detection box 3.
In implementation, the second cylinder 10 drives the push plate 11 to move and pushes the wetland soil on the sampling plate 7 inside the detection box 3 to the detection positions of the soil pollution detector 221 and the acidity-alkalinity tester 222, so that the soil pollution detector 221 and the acidity-alkalinity tester 222 can directly detect the soil inside the detection box 3. After the detection is finished, the soil inside the detection box 3 is flushed out of the detection box 3 through the water spray of the water pipe 13, so that the influence of the residual wetland soil in the detection box 3 on the wetland soil on other sampling plates 7 is avoided, and the detection at every time can be more accurate.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the frame 1 is provided with the repairing device 6, the inside PLC controller 9 that is provided with of detection case 3, the fixed setting of PLC controller 9 is on the lateral wall of keeping away from soil pollution detector 221, and soil pollution detector 221 and pH value tester 222 all are connected with PLC controller 9 electric property. In implementation, the PLC controller 9 receives the detection results of the soil pollution detector 221 and the ph tester 222 on the wetland soil, and generates a control signal for controlling the remediation device 6.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the repairing device 6 includes a discharging drill 61 and a third cylinder 16 fixedly disposed at the top end of the frame 1, the frame 1 is provided with a storage box 5, and a piston rod of the third cylinder 16 is fixedly disposed at the top end of the discharging drill 61. The frame 1 is provided with a storage box 5, the discharging drill bit 61 is provided with a through hole 17 from top to bottom, and the storage box 5 is connected with a feeding pipe 18 penetrating into the through hole 17. A plurality of shunting holes 19 are arranged on the side wall of the discharging drill bit 61, and the shunting holes 19 are all communicated with the through hole 17.
In implementation, the third cylinder 16 pushes the discharging drill bit 61 to move according to the detection result, so that the discharging drill bit 61 drills into the wetland soil, the repairing liquid in the storage tank 5 flows into the through hole 17 through the feeding pipe 18, and the repairing liquid flows out from the shunting hole 19 on the discharging drill bit 61, thereby realizing the repairing of the polluted wetland soil.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the top end of the discharge drill bit 61 is provided with the annular baffle 20, the inner cavity of the annular baffle 20 is communicated with the through hole 17 of the discharge drill bit 61, and the feeding pipe 18 is connected with the through hole 17, so that after the discharge drill bit 61 drills into wetland soil, the annular baffle 20 can block the peripheral wetland soil, and the feeding pipe 18 is prevented from being damaged due to the fact that the feeding pipe 18 is buried in the wetland soil. The bottom end of the frame 1 is provided with a plurality of fixing columns 23, and the fixing columns 23 are uniformly distributed at two ends of the bottom of the frame 1. Thereby inject fixed column 23 and restore in the soil and fix frame 1, ensured frame 1's stability to it is more accurate to make to detect the restoration.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the wetland soil protection system comprises an environment detection module 24, a data transmission module 25 and a PLC control module 26, wherein the environment detection module 24, the data transmission module 25 and the PLC control module 26 are connected in sequence;
the environment detection module 24: the method is used for detecting the content of pollutants in the wetland soil;
the data transmission module 25: receiving the detection result of the environment detection module 24 and transmitting the detection result to the PLC control module 26;
the PLC control module 26: and the device is used for receiving the detection result and judging the pollution degree of the wetland soil, thereby sending a control signal to carry out remediation treatment on the wetland soil.
Specifically, the PLC control module 26 includes a data acquisition module 261, an analysis module 262, and a control module 263;
the data acquisition module 261 is configured to receive data such as the ph value, the heavy metal content, and the compound content of the wetland soil detected by the environment detection module 24;
the analysis module 262: and analyzing the received detection data, and judging whether the pollution degree of the wetland soil exceeds the standard or not.
The control module 263: and receiving the analysis result and carrying out remediation treatment on the wetland soil.
The data acquisition module 261, the analysis module 262 and the control module 263 are sequentially connected, and the control module 263 is connected with the third cylinder 16, so that the third cylinder 16 controls the discharge drill 61 to drill into the wetland soil, and the wetland soil is repaired by adding the repairing liquid.
In implementation, the PLC control module 26 determines the degree of soil pollution of the wetland at different depths, and repairs the wetland soil according to the determination result. The PLC control module 26 controls the discharging drill bit 61 to drill into corresponding depth according to different depths of the detected wetland soil, so that the repairing is more accurate.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is not limited by the above embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. A wetland soil protection device which characterized in that: including frame (1), be equipped with detection device (2) on frame (1), detection device (2) are including sample inserted bar (21) and detection mechanism (22), be equipped with detection case (3) on frame (1), sample inserted bar (21) top-down passes detection case (3) setting, be equipped with driving piece (4) that are used for driving sample inserted bar (21) and reciprocate on frame (1), detection mechanism (22) are located in detection case (3), be equipped with storage case (5) on frame (1), storage case (5) are connected with prosthetic devices (6).
2. The wetland soil protection device of claim 1, characterized in that: be equipped with a plurality of sampling boards (7), a plurality of on the lateral wall of sample inserted bar (21) sampling board (7) set up along the length direction equidistance of sample inserted bar (21), sampling board (7) are kept away from and are equipped with baffle (8) on the lateral wall of detection case (3), adjacent two interval between sampling board (7) is greater than the height of detection case (3) inner chamber.
3. The wetland soil protection device of claim 1, characterized in that: the driving piece (4) is a first air cylinder, the first air cylinder is arranged above the detection box (3), and one end of the sampling inserted rod (21) located at the top of the detection box (3) is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the first air cylinder.
4. The wetland soil protection device of claim 1, characterized in that: detection mechanism (22) include soil pollution detector (221) and pH valve tester (222), be equipped with PLC controller (9) in detection case (3), soil pollution detector (221) and pH valve tester (222) all with PLC controller (9) electric connection, soil pollution detector (221) and pH valve tester (222) are located on the same inside wall of detection case (3), be equipped with second cylinder (10) on the lateral wall of detection case (3), the piston rod of second cylinder (10) passes detection case (3) and locates the inside of detection case (3), fixed push pedal (11) that is equipped with on the piston rod of second cylinder (10), push pedal (11) are used for pushing away the soil on sampling plate (7) to the detection department of soil pollution detector (221) and pH valve tester (222).
5. The wetland soil protection device of claim 4, wherein: be equipped with storage water tank (12) on frame (1), be connected with water pipe (13) on storage water tank (12), the one end that storage water tank (12) were kept away from in water pipe (13) is equipped with shower nozzle (14), the inner chamber of detection case (3) is located to the lateral wall that shower nozzle (14) passed detection case (3), shower nozzle (14) set up towards soil pollution detector (221), seted up on the lateral wall that detection case (3) kept away from shower nozzle (14) through opening (15), through opening (15) are located the bottom of detection case (3) lateral wall.
6. The wetland soil protection device of claim 1, characterized in that: the repairing device (6) comprises a discharge drill bit (61), a third cylinder (16) is fixedly arranged on the rack (1), a piston rod of the third cylinder (16) is fixedly arranged at the top end of the discharge drill bit (61), a through hole (17) is formed in the discharge drill bit (61) from top to bottom, a feeding pipe (18) penetrating into the through hole (17) is connected to the storage box (5), a plurality of shunting holes (19) and a plurality of shunting holes (19) are formed in the side wall of the discharge drill bit (61), and the shunting holes (19) are communicated with the through hole (17).
7. The wetland soil protection device of claim 1, characterized in that: the top end of the discharging drill bit (61) is provided with an annular baffle (20), the inner cavity of the annular baffle (20) is communicated with the through hole (17) of the discharging drill bit (61), and the feeding pipe (18) penetrates through the annular baffle (20).
8. The wetland soil protection device of claim 8, wherein: the bottom end of the rack (1) is provided with a plurality of fixing columns (23), and the fixing columns (23) are uniformly distributed at two ends of the bottom of the rack (1).
9. A wetland soil protection system which characterized in that: the system comprises an environment detection module (24), a data transmission module (25) and a PLC control module (26), wherein the environment detection module (24), the data transmission module (25) and the PLC control module (26) are sequentially connected;
environment detection module (24): the method is used for detecting the content of pollutants in the wetland soil;
data transmission module (25): transmitting the detection result to a PLC control module (26);
PLC control module (26): the wetland soil restoration device is used for receiving the detection data and judging the pollution degree of the wetland soil, thereby sending a control signal to carry out restoration treatment on the wetland soil.
10. The wetland soil protection system of claim 9, wherein: the PLC control module (26) comprises a data acquisition module (261), an analysis module (262) and a control module (263), and the data acquisition module (261), the analysis module (262) and the control module (263) are connected in sequence;
a data acquisition module (261): the wetland soil environment detection module is used for receiving data such as the pH value, the heavy metal content and the compound content of the wetland soil detected by the environment detection module (24);
an analysis module (262): analyzing the received data, and judging whether the pollution degree of the wetland soil exceeds the standard or not;
control module (263): and receiving the analysis result and carrying out remediation treatment on the wetland soil.
CN202110921635.5A 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Wetland soil protection system Active CN113655201B (en)

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CN108593881A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-09-28 安徽黄晶梨农业科技有限公司 A kind of Pesticide-Polluted Soil detection device
CN210166167U (en) * 2019-06-26 2020-03-20 徐宁 Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil detection
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CN117211676B (en) * 2023-09-20 2024-02-23 江苏省无锡探矿机械总厂有限公司 Drill bit for drilling machine and drilling machine

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