CN113649127A - Efficient ore crushing process and crushing device thereof - Google Patents

Efficient ore crushing process and crushing device thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113649127A
CN113649127A CN202110916515.6A CN202110916515A CN113649127A CN 113649127 A CN113649127 A CN 113649127A CN 202110916515 A CN202110916515 A CN 202110916515A CN 113649127 A CN113649127 A CN 113649127A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
ore
machine body
crushing
welded
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Pending
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CN202110916515.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾朝华
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Hubei Zigang Mining Co ltd
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Hubei Zigang Mining Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110916515.6A priority Critical patent/CN113649127A/en
Publication of CN113649127A publication Critical patent/CN113649127A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/13Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft and combined with sifting devices, e.g. for making powdered fuel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • B02C13/284Built-in screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/31Safety devices or measures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/24Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28618Feeding means

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Disintegrating Or Milling (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides an efficient ore crushing process and a crushing device thereof, which comprise a machine body, a cyclone and a filter box, wherein the cyclone is communicated with the machine body through a connecting pipe, one side of the filter box is communicated with the top of the cyclone through a guide pipe, an air pipe is welded at the top of the filter box, an inlet is welded at the top of the machine body, a chain curtain is welded on the inner wall of the top of the inlet, a heavy hammer is installed at the inner side of the machine body, and a counterattack plate is installed at the inner side of the machine body, so that the efficient ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof can buffer crushed ore falling from the inner plate before, prevent the crushed ore from directly impacting the inner plate, ensure the safety of the inner plate and the inner wall of the machine body, prevent the ore from being blocked on a screen mesh, ensure the crushing qualified rate of the ore, avoid the influence on subsequent processing operation due to overlarge particle size of the ore, and ensure the smooth ventilation of a filter cylinder, the anti-pollution work of broken during operation is carried out to the guarantee rainy day, is applicable to the high-efficient broken use of ore.

Description

Efficient ore crushing process and crushing device thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of ore efficient crushing equipment, in particular to an ore efficient crushing process and a crushing device thereof.
Background
When processing ore, the ore with mining thickness is often needed to be crushed, so that the ore is convenient to transport, the subsequent processing operation is convenient, and further, the ore high-efficiency crushing equipment is needed to be used, the existing ore high-efficiency crushing equipment basically has the advantages of high crushing speed, large crushing amount, high equipment strength, capability of using the crushing operation of ores with different rigidity, good working stability, long service life and the like, the use requirement of the ore high-efficiency crushing operation can be met, however, for the existing ore high-efficiency crushing equipment, on one hand, when the ore is crushed, the ore has higher speed due to the impact of a heavy hammer, and further, mechanisms such as the inner wall of a machine body and a blanking plate and the like are easy to generate longer impact force during discharging, which is not beneficial to ensuring the safety of equipment near a discharging port, on the other hand, when carrying out the breakage to the ore, because the hardness of ore is different, make to have the removal from the difference at the size particle diameter of accomplishing breakage, cause part ore to still have great particle diameter after the breakage easily, be unfavorable for subsequent processing, be unfavorable for the particle diameter qualification degree after the guarantee ore breakage, on the one hand again, when carrying out broken operation in rainy day, the surface of straining a section of thick bamboo is inhaled to the moisture that contains in the ore easily, and then make the viscosity of the dust after the rainwater increase breakage, cause easily to strain a section of thick bamboo and be blockked up by the rainwater adhesion, be unfavorable for when the guarantee rains and the anti-pollution work of removing dust when the broken during operation after raining.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an efficient ore crushing process and a crushing device thereof, which are used for solving the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: an efficient ore crushing process and a crushing device thereof are characterized in that: the crushing device comprises a crushing device body, a cyclone cylinder and a filter box, wherein the cyclone cylinder is arranged on one side of the body, the filter box is arranged on one side of the cyclone cylinder, the cyclone cylinder is communicated with the body through a connecting pipe, one side of the filter box is communicated with the top of the cyclone cylinder through a guide pipe, an air pipe is welded on the top of the filter box, an inlet is welded on the top of the body, a chain curtain is welded on the inner wall of the top of the inlet, a heavy hammer is arranged on the inner side of the body, a counterattack plate is arranged on the inner side of the body, a guide rod is welded on one side of the counterattack plate, a spring is welded on the guide rod, an inner plate is welded on the inner side of the body, a sieve plate is welded at the bottom of the inlet, a sliding plate is welded on the inner side of the body, an opening is formed in the top of the inner plate, a discharge opening is welded on one side of the body, and a screen is clamped at the bottom of the discharge opening, the utility model discloses a filter screen, including filter box, motor, screw plate, motor, fan blade, filter box, fan, control device, lever top, branch and guide arm, the fan blade is installed to the inboard of linking pipe, the bottom welding of whirlwind section of thick bamboo has the sleeve, motor one is installed through the bolt in telescopic bottom, telescopic inboard card has the screw plate, the top welding of screw plate has the scraper blade, telescopic one side welding has the side pipe, strain a section of thick bamboo is installed to the inboard of filter box, the fan is installed through the bolt in the interior limit side of tuber pipe, the unloading valve is installed to the bottom of filter box, motor two is installed through the bolt in one side of organism, the controller is installed through the bolt in one side of filter box.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the filter box is provided with an electromagnetic pulse, and the controller is connected to the first motor, the second motor, the fan, the discharging valve and the electromagnetic pulse through wires.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, one side of the weight is mounted on the inner wall of one side of the machine body through a bearing, and the other side of the weight passes through the other side of the machine body and is mounted on the output shaft of the second motor through a bolt.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a guide opening is formed on the outer side of the machine body, one end of the guide rod is connected to the outer wall of the machine body through a spring, the other end of the guide rod passes through the guide opening and is welded to one side of the reaction plate, the other side of the reaction plate is mounted on the inner side of the machine body through a rotating shaft, and the reaction plates are distributed on the top and one side of the weight.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the inner plate is welded to the inner wall of the machine body through a bracket, the inner plate is disposed at the bottom and the other side of the weight, the sliding plate is disposed at the bottom of the screen plate, and the through hole is disposed at the bottom of the sliding plate.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, one side of the screen is clamped on the inner wall of the discharge port by a ball, one side of the inner plate is provided with a chute, and the other side of the screen is clamped on the inner side of the chute by a ball.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the bottom end of the lever is mounted on the top of the screen mesh through a rotating shaft, the middle part of the lever is mounted on the top of the discharge opening through a rotating shaft, and the top end of the lever passes through the discharge opening and is mounted on one end of the supporting rod through a rotating shaft.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the fan blade is mounted on the inner wall of the connecting pipe through a bearing, the bottom end of the duct passes through the cyclone cylinder and extends to the center of the cyclone cylinder, and the bottom of the spiral plate passes through the sleeve and is mounted on the output shaft of the first motor through a bolt.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the outer side of the scraper is clamped on the inner wall of the cyclone, the outer side of the spiral plate is clamped on the inner wall of the sleeve, and the cyclone is communicated with the side pipe through the sleeve.
As a preferred embodiment of the invention, the method comprises the following steps of firstly, opening by a controller, a first motor, a second motor, a fan and a blanking valve; step two, adding ore through an inlet, enabling small crushed ore to fall onto a sliding plate through a sieve plate and then fall onto the top of an inner plate through a through hole, pushing a chain curtain for large ore to fall onto a heavy hammer, enabling the heavy hammer to rotate at high speed to hammer the ore, enabling the crushed ore to impact a counterattack plate, being crushed again by the counterattack plate, enabling the ore to fall outside the heavy hammer and be hammered again, enabling the ore to continuously collide with the heavy hammer and the counterattack plate, falling onto the inner plate through the bottom of the heavy punch and the counterattack plate, and step three, accumulating the crushed ore on the inner plate to a certain inclination, then sliding to the top of the screen mesh through the pulley, enabling the ore with proper fineness to fall downwards through the screen mesh, enabling the bottom of the counterattack plate to drive the guide rod to vibrate through the impact of the ore on the counterattack plate, enabling the guide rod to drive the lever through the supporting rod, enabling the lever to drive the screen mesh to vibrate, enabling the large-particle ore to roll into the discharge port through vibration, and enabling the large-particle ore to fall outwards through the discharge port; and fourthly, the fan generates suction force in the machine body sequentially through the filter box, the guide pipe, the cyclone cylinder and the connecting pipe, the dust generated by crushing is sucked into the cyclone cylinder, the dust rotates and descends along the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder in the cyclone cylinder, the first motor drives the screw plate to scrape the dust downwards, the dust is discharged through the side pipe, fine dust enters the filter box through the guide pipe, is filtered by the filter cylinder, is impacted to the bottom of the filter box by electromagnetic pulse, and is discharged through the discharging valve.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the ore high-efficiency crushing process and the crushing device thereof are used, after ores are sent into the inlet, the ores fall on the sieve plate and roll downwards, fine ores are sieved through the sieve plate and fall on the sliding plate, then the ores fall to the top of the inner plate from the sliding plate to the downward pulley through the opening, large ores sieved through the sieve plate enter the machine body and then are crushed, the ores can be effectively pre-sieved, the amount of the ores entering the machine body is reduced, the ore in the machine body is prevented from being more and reducing the crushing effect, the crushing efficiency is improved, the energy consumption is saved, the large ores are pushed away from the chain curtain and fall on the heavy hammer, the heavy hammer rotates at high speed to hammer the ores to hammer, the ores are hammered, the hammered ores are rushed to the impact plate and are crushed again by the impact plate, then the ores fall to the outer side of the heavy hammer and are hammered again, and the broken ores are collided again between the heavy hammer and the impact plate, and fall on the inner panel through the bottom of weight and counterattack board, improve crushing efficiency with the counterattack board effectively, practice thrift the energy consumption, when the striking of weight or counterattack board is gone down to the inner panel again by broken ore, cushion with the help of the broken ore that falls down before on the inner panel, prevent by on the direct striking of broken ore to the inner panel, prevent that the inner panel from being damaged by the ore, ensure the safety on the inner wall of inner panel and organism effectively.
2. When the ore high-efficiency crushing process and the crushing device thereof are used, after the crushed ore on the inner plate is fully piled, the later ore can roll down on the screen mesh when falling on the inner plate, the ore with qualified particle size falls down through the screen mesh and falls on the conveying equipment through the bottom of the machine body, the ore is conveyed outwards, the ore with larger particle size rolls down on the screen mesh, meanwhile, the ore impacts the counterattack plate during the crushing operation, so that the bottom of the counterattack plate drives the guide rod to vibrate through the spring, on one hand, the ore can be prevented from being clamped between the heavy hammer and the counterattack plate, the working safety of the heavy hammer and the counterattack plate is ensured, on the other hand, the guide rod drives the top end of the lever through the supporting rod to vibrate, further, the bottom end of the lever drives the screen mesh to vibrate, the speed of the ore falling from the screen mesh to the bottom of the machine body and rolling from one side of the screen mesh to the discharge port is improved, prevent that the ore from producing the jam on the screen cloth, improve screening efficiency to the broken qualification rate of guarantee ore avoids influencing subsequent processing operation because of the too big particle diameter of ore, and the ore that falls out from the row of mouthful transports the import once more so that carry out crushing operation once more through the haulage equipment.
3. When the ore high-efficiency crushing process and the crushing device thereof are used, when the crushing operation is carried out, the fan works to generate suction to the bottom of the filter box through the filter cylinder, the guide pipe generates suction to the cyclone cylinder, the connecting pipe generates suction to the body droplets, the crushed dust is sucked into the cyclone cylinder, the dust rotates and descends along the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder in the cyclone cylinder, the first motor drives the screw plate to scrape the dust downwards and discharge the dust through the side pipe, the fine dust enters the filter box through the guide pipe and is filtered by the filter cylinder, and then is impacted to the bottom of the filter box by the electromagnetic pulse and is discharged through the blanking valve, when the crushing operation is carried out on rainy days or rains, the ore has certain moisture, so that the moisture is sucked into the connecting pipe, and when the airflow carries the dust and the moisture, the fan blade is driven to rotate by the airflow to drive the airflow to generate, with moisture and dust intensive mixing, make in the moisture adsorbed by the dust, the dust weight grow that has moisture, fall the bottom or the adhesion of a whirlwind section of thick bamboo on the inner wall of a whirlwind section of thick bamboo in the whirlwind section of thick bamboo, motor two drives dust and moisture on the scraper blade with a whirlwind section of thick bamboo inner wall through the spiral shell board and scrapes downwards, and promote telescopic bottom downwards through the spiral shell board, and discharge from the side pipe, can prevent effectively that moisture from entering into the filter box, the dust of avoiding straining the section of thick bamboo outside is drenched and can't be clear away by moisture, the ventilation of a section of thick bamboo is smooth and easy to ensure, and then the guarantee carries out the anti-pollution work of dust removal of broken during operation when raining and behind the rain.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an ore efficient crushing process and a crushing device thereof according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of an ore high-efficiency crushing process and a crushing device thereof;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the machine body of the ore high-efficiency crushing process and the crushing device thereof;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a cyclone of the ore high-efficiency crushing process and the crushing device thereof;
in the figure: 1. a body; 2. a cyclone; 3. a filter box; 4. connecting pipes; 5. a conduit; 6. an air duct; 7. an inlet; 8. a chain curtain; 9. a weight; 10. a counterattack plate; 11. a guide bar; 12. a spring; 13. an inner plate; 14. a sieve plate; 15. a slide plate; 16. a port; 17. discharging; 18. screening a screen; 19. a lever; 20. a strut; 21. a fan blade; 22. a sleeve; 23. a first motor; 24. a screw plate; 25. a squeegee; 26. a side tube; 27. a filter cartridge; 28. a fan; 29. a discharge valve; 30. a second motor; 31. and a controller.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the present invention provides a technical solution: an efficient ore crushing process and a crushing device thereof comprise a crushing process and a crushing device thereof, wherein the crushing device comprises a machine body 1, a cyclone cylinder 2 and a filter box 3, the cyclone cylinder 2 is arranged on one side of the machine body 1, the filter box 3 is arranged on one side of the cyclone cylinder 2, the cyclone cylinder 2 is communicated with the machine body 1 through a connecting pipe 4, one side of the filter box 3 is communicated with the top of the cyclone cylinder 2 through a guide pipe 5, an air pipe 6 is welded on the top of the filter box 3, an inlet 7 is welded on the top of the machine body 1, a chain curtain 8 is welded on the inner wall of the top of the inlet 7, a heavy hammer 9 is arranged on the inner side of the machine body 1, a counterattack plate 10 is arranged on the inner side of the machine body 1, a guide rod 11 is welded on one side of the counterattack plate 10, a spring 12 is welded on the guide rod 11, an inner plate 13 is welded on the inner side of the machine body 1, a sieve plate 14 is welded on the bottom of the inlet 7, the inboard welding of organism 1 has slide 15, opening 16 has been seted up at the top of inner panel 13, the welding of one side of organism 1 has row mouth 17, the bottom card of row mouth 17 has screen cloth 18, lever 19 is installed at the top of screen cloth 18, lever 19 top is connected with guide arm 11 through branch 20, fan blade 21 is installed to the inboard of connecting pipe 4, the bottom welding of cyclone section of thick bamboo 2 has sleeve 22, motor one 23 is installed through the bolt in the bottom of sleeve 22, the inboard card of sleeve 22 has spiral shell board 24, the welding of top of spiral shell board 24 has scraper blade 25, the welding of one side of sleeve 22 has side pipe 26, strain a section of thick bamboo 27 is installed to the inboard of filter box 3, fan 28 is installed through the bolt in the interior limit side of tuber pipe 6, unloading valve 29 is installed to the bottom of filter box 3, motor two 30 is installed through the bolt in one side of organism 1, the controller 31 is installed on one side of the filter box 3 through a bolt, when ores are thrown into the machine body 1 through the inlet 7, the ores push the chain curtain 8 to enter the inner side of the machine body 1, after the ores are impacted by the heavy hammer 9 and the impact plate 10, a small amount of ores can be rebounded to the inner side of the inlet 7 through the impact plate 10 and are blocked by the chain curtain 8, the ores are prevented from flying out through the inlet 7, and the safety of operators and equipment around the machine body 1 is guaranteed.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the filter box 3 is provided with an electromagnetic pulse, and the controller 31 is connected to the first motor 23, the second motor 30, the fan 28, the blanking valve 29 and the electromagnetic pulse through electric wires, so that when the device is operated, the electromagnetic pulse can sequentially generate reverse impact on the filter cartridge 27, and further vibrate and drop dust filtered at the bottom and outside of the filter cartridge 27 to the bottom of the filter box 3, and then discharge the dust outwards through the blanking valve 29, thereby automatically cleaning the filter cartridge 27, preventing the filter cartridge 27 from being blocked by dust, ensuring smooth ventilation, ensuring that dust generated by the crushing operation is completely sucked out from the machine body 1 through the connecting pipe 4, preventing the dust from flying outwards, and ensuring the environmental safety around the machine body 1.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, one side of the weight 9 is mounted on the inner wall of one side of the machine body 1 through a bearing, and the other side of the weight 9 passes through the other side of the machine body 1 and is mounted on the output shaft of the second motor 30 through a bolt.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a guide opening is formed on the outer side of the machine body 1, one end of the guide rod 11 is connected to the outer wall of the machine body 1 through a spring 12, the other end of the guide rod 11 passes through the guide opening and is welded to one side of the impact plate 10, the other side of the impact plate 10 is mounted on the inner side of the machine body 1 through a rotating shaft, the impact plate 10 is distributed on the top and one side of the weight 9, and when the machine is in operation, the motor 30 is turned on through the controller 31, the motor 30 drives the weight 9 to rotate at a high speed, the ore pushes away the chain curtain 8 and falls onto the weight 9, the weight 9 rotates at a high speed to hammer the ore, the ore is crushed, the crushed ore impacts the impact plate 10, is crushed again by the impact plate 10, the ore falls outside the weight 9 and is crushed again by the weight 9, so that the ore constantly collides with the weight 9 and the impact plate 10 and falls onto the inner plate 13 through the bottoms of the weight 9 and the impact plate 10, effectively improves the crushing efficiency and saves energy consumption with the impact plate.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the inner plate 13 is welded to the inner wall of the machine body 1 by a bracket, the inner plate 13 is disposed at the bottom and the other side of the weight 9, the sliding plate 15 is disposed at the bottom of the screen plate 14, the through hole 16 is disposed at the bottom of the sliding plate 15, after the ore is fed into the inlet 7, the ore falls on the screen plate 14 and rolls downward, the fine ore is screened through the screen plate 14 and falls onto the sliding plate 15, then the ore passes through the sliding plate 15 and the pulley downward, and then falls onto the top of the inner plate 13 through the through hole 16, after the large ore screened through the screen plate 14 enters the machine body 1, the crushing operation is performed in the machine body 1, thereby effectively pre-screening the ore, reducing the amount of the ore entering the machine body 1, preventing the ore in the machine body 1 from being much and reducing the crushing effect, improving the crushing efficiency, saving energy, and when the crushed ore is impacted by the weight 9 or the impact plate 10, the broken ore falling before on the inner plate 13 is buffered, so that the broken ore is prevented from directly impacting the inner plate 13, the inner plate 13 is prevented from being damaged by the ore, and the safety of the inner plate 13 and the inner wall of the machine body 1 is effectively guaranteed.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, one side of the screen 18 is caught by the inner wall of the discharge port 17 through balls, one side of the inner plate 13 is provided with a sliding groove, and the other side of the screen 18 is caught by the inner side of the sliding groove through balls.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the bottom end of the lever 19 is installed on the top of the screen 18 through a rotating shaft, the middle part of the lever 19 is installed on the top of the discharge port 17 through a rotating shaft, the top end of the lever 19 passes through the discharge port 17 and is installed on one end of the supporting rod 20 through a rotating shaft, after the crushed ore on the inner plate 13 is fully piled up, the ore falls down onto the screen 18 again, the ore with qualified particle size falls down through the screen 18 and falls onto the conveying device through the bottom of the machine body 1 to be conveyed outwards, the ore with larger particle size rolls downwards on the screen 18, and meanwhile, the ore impacts the impact plate 10 during the crushing operation, so that the bottom of the impact plate 10 drives the guide rod 11 to vibrate through the spring 12, on one hand, the ore can be prevented from being clamped between the weight 9 and the impact plate 10, and the work safety of the weight 9 and the impact plate 10 can be ensured, on the other hand makes guide arm 11 drive the top vibration of lever 19 through branch 20, and then makes lever 19's bottom drive screen cloth 18 vibrations, improve the ore from screen cloth 18 fall to organism 1's bottom from top to bottom and roll the speed of row's mouth 17 from one side of screen cloth 18, prevent that the ore from producing the jam on screen cloth 18, improve the screening efficiency, and the broken qualification rate of guarantee ore, avoid influencing subsequent processing operation because of the too big particle diameter of ore, the ore that falls out from row's mouth 17 transports import 7 so that carry out crushing operation once more through the haulage equipment.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the fan 21 is mounted on the inner wall of the connecting tube 4 through a bearing, the bottom end of the duct 5 passes through the cyclone cylinder 2 and extends to the center of the cyclone cylinder 2, and the bottom of the screw plate 24 passes through the sleeve 22 and is mounted on the output shaft of the motor one 23 through a bolt.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the outer side of the scraper 25 is clamped on the inner wall of the cyclone 2, the outer side of the screw plate 24 is clamped on the inner wall of the sleeve 22, the cyclone 2 is communicated with the side tube 26 through the sleeve 22, while the crushing operation is performed, the fan 28 is operated, the filter cartridge 27 generates suction to the bottom of the filter box 3, the duct 5 generates suction to the cyclone 2, the connecting tube 4 generates suction to the machine body 1, the dust generated by crushing is sucked into the cyclone 2, the dust rotates and descends along the inner wall of the cyclone 2 in the cyclone 2, the first motor 23 drives the screw plate 24 to scrape the dust downwards, the dust is discharged through the side tube 26, fine dust enters the filter box 3 through the duct 5, is filtered by the filter cartridge 27, is impacted to the bottom of the filter box 3 by electromagnetic pulse, and is discharged through the discharge valve 29, when the crushing operation is performed on rainy day or after raining, the ore is provided with certain moisture, so that the moisture is sucked into the connecting pipe 4, when the airflow with dust and moisture passes through the fan blades 21, the fan blades 21 are driven by the airflow to rotate, the airflow is driven to generate rotational flow, the moisture and the dust are fully mixed, the moisture is adsorbed by the dust, the weight of the dust with the moisture is increased, the dust and moisture on the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder 2 are scraped downwards by the first motor 23 through the scraping plate 25 driven by the screw plate 24 when the first motor falls to the bottom of the cyclone cylinder 2 or is adhered to the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder 2, and pushes the bottom of the sleeve 22 downwards through the spiral plate 24, and discharges from the side pipe 26, can prevent moisture from entering into the filter box 3 effectively, avoid straining the dust outside the filter cylinder 27 and drenching by moisture and can't clear away, ensure to strain the ventilation of the filter cylinder 27 smoothly, and then ensure to strain the dust removal anti-pollution work of the during operation of breaking when and after rain.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first step is to turn on the first motor 23, the second motor 30, the fan 28 and the blanking valve 29 through the controller 31; secondly, adding ores through an inlet 7, enabling small crushed ores to fall onto a sliding plate 15 through a sieve plate 14 and then fall onto the top of an inner plate 13 through a through hole 16, enabling large ores to push away a chain curtain 8 and fall onto a heavy hammer 9, enabling the heavy hammer 9 to rotate at a high speed to hammer the ores to break the ores, enabling the broken ores to impact a counterattack plate 10 and be crushed again by the counterattack plate 10, enabling the ores to fall onto the outer side of the heavy hammer 9 and be crushed again by the heavy hammer 9, enabling the ores to continuously collide with the heavy hammer 9 and the counterattack plate 10 to generate collision, enabling the ores to fall onto the inner plate 13 through the bottoms of the heavy hammer 9 and the counterattack plate 10, enabling the crushed ores to be accumulated to a certain inclination on the inner plate 13 and then to be wheeled to the top of a screen 18, enabling the ores with proper fineness to fall downwards through the screen 18, enabling the bottoms of the counterattack plate 10 to drive a guide rod 11, enabling the guide rod 11 to drive a vibration lever 19 through a support rod 20, the lever 19 drives the screen 18 to vibrate, large-particle ores are vibrated and roll down into the discharge port 17, and the large-particle ores are discharged outwards through the discharge port 17; fourthly, the fan 28 generates suction force in the machine body 1 sequentially through the filter box 3, the guide pipe 5, the cyclone cylinder 2 and the connecting pipe 4, dust generated by crushing is sucked into the cyclone cylinder 2, the dust rotates and descends along the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder 2 in the cyclone cylinder 2, the first motor 23 drives the screw plate 24 to scrape the dust downwards, the dust is discharged through the side pipe 26, fine dust enters the filter box 3 through the guide pipe 5, is filtered by the filter cylinder 27, is impacted to the bottom of the filter box 3 by electromagnetic pulse, and is discharged through the discharging valve 29.
The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof provide electric energy for all electric equipment through an external power supply, can work, open the second motor 30 through the controller 31, the second motor 30 drives the heavy hammer 9 to rotate at high speed, after the ores are sent into the inlet 7, the ores fall on the sieve plate 14 to roll downwards, the upper fine ores are sieved through the sieve plate 14 and fall onto the sliding plate 15, then the ores fall onto the top of the inner plate 13 through the through hole 16 from the sliding plate 15, the ores are pushed away from the chain curtain 8 and fall onto the heavy hammer 9 after the large ores sieved through the sieve plate 14 enter the machine body 1, the heavy hammer 9 rotates at high speed to hammer the ores to hammer, the ores which are hammered are rushed towards the impact plate 10 and are crushed again by the impact plate 10, then the ores fall outside the heavy hammer 9 and are hammered again by the heavy hammer 9, so that the ores are continuously collided with the impact plate 9 and the impact plate 10, the ores fall onto the inner plate 13 through the bottoms of the heavy punch 9 and the impact plate 10, the crushing efficiency is effectively improved through the heavy punch 9 and the impact plate, the energy consumption is saved, the ores can be effectively pre-screened, the quantity of the ores entering the machine body 1 is reduced, the crushing effect is prevented from being reduced due to more ores in the machine body 1, the crushing efficiency is improved, the energy consumption is saved, when the crushed ores impact the inner plate 13 at a high speed under the impact of the heavy punch 9 or the impact plate 10, the crushed ores falling onto the inner plate 13 before are buffered by the aid of the crushed ores falling onto the inner plate 13, the crushed ores are prevented from directly impacting onto the inner plate 13, the inner plate 13 is prevented from being damaged by the ores, the safety of the inner plate 13 and the inner wall of the machine body 1 is effectively guaranteed, after the crushed ores on the inner plate 13 are fully piled up, the ores falling onto the inner plate 13 can roll downwards onto the screen 18, the ores with qualified particle size fall through the screen 18 and fall onto the conveying equipment through the bottom of the machine body 1, the ore is conveyed outwards, the ore with larger particle size rolls downwards on the screen 18, meanwhile, the ore impacts the impact plate 10 during the crushing operation, so that the bottom of the impact plate 10 drives the guide rod 11 to vibrate through the spring 12, on one hand, the ore can be prevented from being clamped between the heavy hammer 9 and the impact plate 10, the working safety of the heavy hammer 9 and the impact plate 10 is guaranteed, on the other hand, the guide rod 11 drives the top end of the lever 19 to vibrate through the supporting rod 20, further, the bottom end of the lever 19 drives the screen 18 to vibrate, the speed of the ore falling from the screen 18 to the bottom of the machine body 1 and rolling from one side of the screen 18 to the discharge port 17 is improved, the ore is prevented from being blocked on the screen 18, the screening efficiency is improved, the crushing qualification rate of the ore is guaranteed, the influence on the subsequent processing operation due to the overlarge particle size of the ore is avoided, the ore falling from the discharge port 17 is conveyed to the inlet 7 through the conveying equipment again so as to be crushed again, when the crushing operation is carried out, the fan 28 works, suction force is generated on the bottom of the filter box 3 through the filter cartridge 27, the suction force is generated on the cyclone cylinder 2 through the guide pipe 5, the suction force is generated on the machine body 1 through the connecting pipe 4, the dust generated by crushing is sucked into the cyclone cylinder 2, the dust rotates and descends along the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder 2 in the cyclone cylinder 2, the first motor 23 drives the screw plate 24 to scrape the dust downwards, the dust is discharged through the side pipe 26, fine dust enters the filter box 3 through the guide pipe 5 and is filtered by the filter cartridge 27, reverse impact can be sequentially generated on the filter cartridge 27 through electromagnetic pulse, the dust filtered at the bottom and the outer side of the filter cartridge 27 is vibrated and falls to the bottom of the filter box 3 and is discharged outwards through the discharging valve 29, the cleaning operation is automatically carried out on the filter cartridge 27, the filter cartridge 27 is prevented from being blocked by the dust, the ventilation smoothness is ensured, and the dust generated by the crushing operation is completely sucked out of the machine body 1 through the connecting pipe 4, the dust is prevented from flying outwards, the environmental safety of the periphery of the machine body 1 is ensured, when the machine body is broken in rainy days or after raining, certain moisture is carried on ores, so that the moisture is sucked into the connecting pipe 4, when the airflow carries the dust and the moisture and passes through the fan blade 21, the fan blade 21 is driven by the airflow to rotate, the airflow is driven to generate rotational flow, the moisture and the dust are fully mixed, the moisture is adsorbed by the dust, the weight of the dust with the moisture is increased, the dust falls to the bottom of the cyclone cylinder 2 in the cyclone cylinder 2 or is adhered to the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder 2, the motor I23 drives the scraper 25 to scrape the dust and the moisture on the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder 2 downwards through the screw plate 24, the dust and the moisture are pushed downwards to the bottom of the sleeve 22 through the screw plate 24 and are discharged from the side pipe 26, the moisture can be effectively prevented from entering the filter box 3, and the dust outside the filter box 27 is prevented from being wetted by the moisture and cannot be removed, smooth ventilation of the filter cartridge 27 is ensured, and dust removal and pollution prevention work during rain and during crushing work after rain is further ensured.
While there have been shown and described what are at present considered the fundamental principles and essential features of the invention and its advantages, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing exemplary embodiments, but is capable of other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. An efficient ore crushing process and a crushing device thereof are characterized in that: the crushing device comprises a crushing process and a crushing device thereof, wherein the crushing device comprises a machine body (1), a cyclone cylinder (2) and a filter box (3), the cyclone cylinder (2) is arranged on one side of the machine body (1), the filter box (3) is arranged on one side of the cyclone cylinder (2), the cyclone cylinder (2) is communicated with the machine body (1) through a connecting pipe (4), one side of the filter box (3) is communicated with the top of the cyclone cylinder (2) through a guide pipe (5), an air pipe (6) is welded on the top of the filter box (3), an inlet (7) is welded on the top of the machine body (1), a chain curtain (8) is welded on the inner wall of the top of the inlet (7), a heavy hammer (9) is arranged on the inner side of the machine body (1), a counterattack plate (10) is arranged on the inner side of the machine body (1), and a guide rod (11) is welded on one side of the counterattack plate (10), the fan is characterized in that a spring (12) is welded on the guide rod (11), an inner plate (13) is welded on the inner side of the machine body (1), a sieve plate (14) is welded at the bottom of the inlet (7), a sliding plate (15) is welded on the inner side of the machine body (1), a through hole (16) is formed in the top of the inner plate (13), a discharge hole (17) is welded on one side of the machine body (1), a screen (18) is clamped at the bottom of the discharge hole (17), a lever (19) is installed at the top of the screen (18), the top end of the lever (19) is connected with the guide rod (11) through a support rod (20), a fan blade (21) is installed on the inner side of the connecting pipe (4), a sleeve (22) is welded at the bottom of the cyclone cylinder (2), a motor I (23) is installed at the bottom of the sleeve (22) through a bolt, a spiral plate (24) is clamped on the inner side of the sleeve (22), and a scraper (25) is welded at the top of the spiral plate (24), one side welding of sleeve (22) has side pipe (26), strain jar (27) are installed to the inboard of filter box (3), fan (28) are installed through the bolt in the interior limit side of tuber pipe (6), baiting valve (29) are installed to the bottom of filter box (3), motor two (30) are installed through the bolt in one side of organism (1), controller (31) are installed through the bolt in one side of filter box (3).
2. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: the filter box (3) is provided with electromagnetic pulses, and the controller (31) is connected with the first motor (23), the second motor (30), the fan (28), the discharging valve (29) and the electromagnetic pulses through electric wires.
3. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: one side of the heavy hammer (9) is mounted on the inner wall of one side of the machine body (1) through a bearing, and the other side of the heavy hammer (9) penetrates through the other side of the machine body (1) and is mounted on an output shaft of the motor II (30) through a bolt.
4. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: the outer side of the machine body (1) is provided with a guide opening, one end of the guide rod (11) is connected with the outer wall of the machine body (1) through a spring (12), the other end of the guide rod (11) penetrates through the guide opening and is welded on one side of the counterattack plate (10), the other side of the counterattack plate (10) is installed on the inner side of the machine body (1) through a rotating shaft, and the counterattack plate (10) is distributed on the top and one side of the heavy hammer (9).
5. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: the inner plate (13) is welded on the inner wall of the machine body (1) through a support, the inner plate (13) is arranged at the bottom and the other side of the heavy hammer (9), the sliding plate (15) is arranged at the bottom of the sieve plate (14), and the through hole (16) is arranged at the bottom of the sliding plate (15).
6. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: one side of the screen (18) is clamped on the inner wall of the discharge opening (17) through balls, a sliding groove is formed in one side of the inner plate (13), and the other side of the screen (18) is clamped on the inner side of the sliding groove through balls.
7. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: the top at screen cloth (18) is installed through the pivot in the bottom of lever (19), the top at row mouth (17) is installed through the pivot in the middle part of lever (19), the top of lever (19) is passed row mouth (17) and is installed the one end at branch (20) through the pivot.
8. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: the fan blades (21) are mounted on the inner wall of the connecting pipe (4) through bearings, the bottom end of the guide pipe (5) penetrates through the cyclone cylinder (2) and extends to the center of the cyclone cylinder (2), and the bottom of the spiral plate (24) penetrates through the sleeve (22) and is mounted on an output shaft of the motor I (23) through bolts.
9. The high-efficiency ore crushing process and the crushing device thereof according to claim 1, wherein the crushing process comprises the following steps: the outer side of the scraper (25) is clamped on the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder (2), the outer side of the spiral plate (24) is clamped on the inner wall of the sleeve (22), and the cyclone cylinder (2) is communicated with the side pipe (26) through the sleeve (22).
10. An efficient ore crushing process is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
step one, opening a motor I (23), opening a motor II (30), a fan (28) and a blanking valve (29) through a controller (31);
secondly, adding ores through an inlet (7), enabling small crushed ores to fall onto a sliding plate (15) through a sieve plate (14), then falling onto the top of an inner plate (13) through a through hole (16), enabling large ores to push away a chain curtain (8) and fall onto a heavy hammer (9), enabling the heavy hammer (9) to rotate at a high speed to hammer the ores into pieces, enabling the ores which are hammered into pieces to impact a counterattack plate (10), smashing the counterattack plate (10) again, enabling the ores to fall onto the outer side of the heavy hammer (9) and to be hammered into pieces again by the heavy hammer (9), enabling the ores to continuously collide with the heavy hammer (9) and the counterattack plate (10), and enabling the ores to fall onto the inner plate (13) through the bottoms of the heavy hammer (9) and the counterattack plate (10);
thirdly, after the crushed ore is stacked to a certain inclination on an inner plate (13), a pulley is arranged at the top of a screen (18), the ore with proper fineness falls out downwards through the screen (18), the ore impacts an impact plate (10) to enable the bottom of the impact plate (10) to drive a guide rod (11) to vibrate, the guide rod (11) drives a lever (19) through a support rod (20), the lever (19) drives the screen (18) to vibrate, and the large-particle ore is vibrated, rolled into a discharge port (17) and falls out outwards through the discharge port (17);
fourthly, a fan (28) generates suction force in the machine body (1) sequentially through the filter box (3), the guide pipe (5), the cyclone cylinder (2) and the connecting pipe (4), dust generated by crushing is sucked into the cyclone cylinder (2), the dust rotates and descends along the inner wall of the cyclone cylinder (2) in the cyclone cylinder (2), a motor I (23) drives a screw plate (24) to scrape the dust downwards, the dust is discharged through a side pipe (26), fine dust enters the filter box (3) through the guide pipe (5), is filtered through the filter cylinder (27), is impacted to the bottom of the filter box (3) by electromagnetic pulse, and is discharged through a discharging valve (29).
CN202110916515.6A 2021-08-11 2021-08-11 Efficient ore crushing process and crushing device thereof Pending CN113649127A (en)

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CN202110916515.6A CN113649127A (en) 2021-08-11 2021-08-11 Efficient ore crushing process and crushing device thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110916515.6A CN113649127A (en) 2021-08-11 2021-08-11 Efficient ore crushing process and crushing device thereof

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114570476A (en) * 2022-03-14 2022-06-03 西安利雅得电气股份有限公司 Impact crusher for ore dressing in mining machinery

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114570476A (en) * 2022-03-14 2022-06-03 西安利雅得电气股份有限公司 Impact crusher for ore dressing in mining machinery

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