CN113615800A - Portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device - Google Patents

Portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113615800A
CN113615800A CN202110924560.6A CN202110924560A CN113615800A CN 113615800 A CN113615800 A CN 113615800A CN 202110924560 A CN202110924560 A CN 202110924560A CN 113615800 A CN113615800 A CN 113615800A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pesticide residue
ozone generator
removing device
ozone
portable vegetable
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110924560.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔志强
戴小枫
陈德勇
陈捷胤
张丹丹
李冉
刘晓炜
韩莹
张鸿超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Plant Protection of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Institute of Plant Protection of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Plant Protection of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Plant Protection of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN202110924560.6A priority Critical patent/CN113615800A/en
Publication of CN113615800A publication Critical patent/CN113615800A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L5/00Preparation or treatment of foods or foodstuffs, in general; Food or foodstuffs obtained thereby; Materials therefor
    • A23L5/20Removal of unwanted matter, e.g. deodorisation or detoxification
    • A23L5/27Removal of unwanted matter, e.g. deodorisation or detoxification by chemical treatment, by adsorption or by absorption
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L5/00Preparation or treatment of foods or foodstuffs, in general; Food or foodstuffs obtained thereby; Materials therefor
    • A23L5/20Removal of unwanted matter, e.g. deodorisation or detoxification
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L5/00Preparation or treatment of foods or foodstuffs, in general; Food or foodstuffs obtained thereby; Materials therefor
    • A23L5/30Physical treatment, e.g. electrical or magnetic means, wave energy or irradiation
    • A23L5/32Physical treatment, e.g. electrical or magnetic means, wave energy or irradiation using phonon wave energy, e.g. sound or ultrasonic waves
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND LACTIC OR PROPIONIC ACID BACTERIA USED IN FOODSTUFFS OR FOOD PREPARATION
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention provides a portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device. The portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device comprises a control area shell; a battery mounted within the control area housing; the ozone control element is fixedly arranged in the control area shell; an ultrasonic control element fixedly mounted within the control zone housing; the telescopic working area shell is hollow out, and the telescopic working area shell is arranged at the bottom of the control area shell. The portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device provided by the invention has the advantage that pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits can be efficiently removed under the action of the ozone generator and the ultrasonic vibrator and the driving of the stirring rotor.

Description

Portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of vegetable and fruit cleaning, in particular to a portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device.
Background
With the continuous enhancement of comprehensive national strength, the living standard of people is increasingly improved, and in the aspect of diet, the problem of satiety once concerned by people cannot meet the living demand at present, and people pay more attention to whether people eat the food healthily or not and whether the food is nutritious. In the existing agricultural industry, a grower uses a large amount of pesticides in the growth process of vegetables and fruits in order to ensure that the grower can have enough yield and prevent crop diseases and insect pests. At present, 1000 kinds of pesticides mainly comprise insecticides, bactericides, herbicides and plant growth regulators, and the use amount of the pesticides is about 337 t. Under the condition of large using amount, people are more worried about whether daily eating melons, fruits and vegetables are safe, and the organic pesticides, particularly the organochlorine pesticides, are low in metabolism speed in human bodies and long in enrichment time. Therefore, it is very important to thoroughly clean the fruits and vegetables before eating the fruits and vegetables to remove pesticide residues.
In order to solve the problem of pesticide residue in fruits and vegetables, a plurality of people generally use a clean water cleaning method, a few parts of people also use cleaning devices capable of removing pesticides, and most devices adopt a long-time soaking method, so that the taste of the fruits and vegetables is changed, the nutrition quality can be reduced, the cleaning effect cannot be achieved, the cleaning device with a cleaning groove is inconvenient to carry, and the use efficiency is greatly reduced.
After the pesticide is used, biochemical reaction can also be carried out along with the growth of plants, so that not only can the original structure of the pesticide be used, but also the structural forms of biodegradation products or transformation products and the like can exist. Both forms are stable in plants, so that the pesticide residue is difficult to remove completely by a common cleaning mode.
Therefore, there is a need to provide a new portable device for removing pesticide residue on vegetables and fruits to solve the above-mentioned problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device which can effectively remove pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits under the action of an ozone generator and an ultrasonic vibrator and the drive of a stirring rotor.
In order to solve the technical problem, the invention provides a portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device, which comprises: a control area housing; a battery mounted within the control area housing; the ozone control element is fixedly arranged in the control area shell; an ultrasonic control element fixedly mounted within the control zone housing; the telescopic working area shell is hollow out, and the telescopic working area shell is arranged at the bottom of the control area shell.
Preferably, fixed mounting has the motor in the control area casing, fixed mounting has the connecting rod on the output shaft of motor, the bottom of connecting rod extends to but the telescopic workspace casing of fretwork fixed mounting has stirring rotor.
Preferably, the ozone control element is connected with an ozone generator, and the ozone generator is positioned in the hollow telescopic working area shell.
Preferably, the ultrasonic control element is connected with an ozone generator, the ozone generator is located in the hollow telescopic working area shell, and two titanium conducting rods are arranged at the bottom of the ozone generator.
Preferably, a diaphragm is arranged at the bottom of the ozone generator, and the two titanium conductive rods penetrate through the diaphragm.
Compared with the related art, the portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention provides a portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device, which adopts an optimized ozone preparation scheme and an electrolytic water type ozone generator, can oxidize macromolecular organic pesticides on one hand, and on the other hand, ozone can react to generate free radicals in the contact process with water, and the free radicals are utilized to attack pollutants to realize the purposes of sterilizing, disinfecting and degrading organic matters such as pesticide residues, antibiotics and the like;
the other part of the ultrasonic vibrators also have a good effect on pesticide residues contained in the fruits and vegetables during working, when ultrasonic waves act on liquid, cavitation is formed inside the liquid, originally dissolved air bubbles are supersaturated due to negative pressure and escape from the liquid to form tiny air bubbles, and the tiny air bubbles are cracked to form a small range of high temperature and high pressure in the continuous activation and oscillation processes, so that the surfaces of the fruits and vegetables have good sterilizing, disinfecting and cleaning capabilities.
The invention combines ultrasonic and ozone, has obvious synergistic effect on the degradation of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables, and the cavitation effect of ultrasonic waves generates the capability of enhancing the decomposition of macromolecular organic matters by ozone. The degradation of pesticide residue is promoted.
The practical effect of the invention is proved to have better removing effect on the pesticide residues of low-concentration antibiotics, organic phosphorus, organic chlorine, pyrethroid and the like after the detection of a liquid quality instrument. Has obvious degradation effect on p-methamidophos, dichlorvos, carbamate, chlorothalonil, phenoxy carboxylic acid herbicide 2,4-D, etc.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of the portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device provided by the invention.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. the device comprises a control area shell, 2, a storage battery, 3, an ozone control element, 4, an ultrasonic control element, 5, a motor, 6, a connecting rod, 7, an ozone generator, 8, an ultrasonic vibrator, 9, a diaphragm, 10, a conducting rod, 11, a stirring rotor, 12 and a hollowed telescopic working area shell.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. Portable vegetables fruit pesticide residue remove device includes: a control area housing 1; a battery 2, the battery 2 being mounted within the control area housing 1; the ozone control element 3 is fixedly arranged in the control area shell 1; the ultrasonic control element 4 is fixedly installed in the control area shell 1, the motor 5, the ozone control element 3 and the ultrasonic control element 4 are all connected with the storage battery 2, and the ozone control element 3 is used for controlling the operation of the ozone generator 7; the ultrasonic control element 4 is used for controlling the ultrasonic vibrator 8 to work; scalable workspace casing 12 of fretwork, scalable workspace casing 12 of fretwork is installed the bottom of control area casing 1, scalable workspace casing 12 of fretwork has scalable function, can stretch the operation according to the degree of depth of different depths of water to adapt to different containers.
Fixed mounting has motor 5 in the control area casing 1, fixed mounting has connecting rod 6 on the output shaft of motor 5, the bottom of connecting rod 6 extends to in the scalable workspace casing 12 of fretwork and fixed mounting have stirring rotor 11, ozone control element 3 with supersound control element 4 is located respectively the both sides of connecting rod 6, stirring rotor 11 of the 6 lower parts of connecting rod can promote the water flow ozone dissolution with higher speed.
The ozone control element 3 is connected with an ozone generator 7, the ozone generator 7 is positioned in the hollowed-out telescopic working area shell 12, the ozone generator is an electrolytic ozone generator, and the electrolytic ozone generator has the advantages of high concentration of ozone generation, no harmful gas generation, no noise and the like.
The ultrasonic control element 4 is connected with an ozone generator 7, the ozone generator 7 is positioned in the hollow telescopic working area shell 12, and two titanium conducting rods 10 are arranged at the bottom of the ozone generator 7.
The bottom of the ozone generator 7 is provided with a diaphragm 9, the two titanium conducting rods 10 penetrate through the diaphragm 9, and the diaphragm 9 is used for protecting the titanium conducting rods.
The portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device provided by the invention has the following reaction process in the electrolytic cell in the operation process:
O3+H2O→2HO·+O2
O3+HO·→O2 -+H2O;
O3+HO·→O2+H2O;
O3+H2O·→2O2+HO·;
2HO2→O2+H2O2。
the working principle of the portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device provided by the invention is as follows:
the device is first placed in a container, and the hollow extensible workspace shell 12 is adjusted according to the height of the water surface in the container, so that the working area of the device is submerged in water. The first half of the control area shell 1 is prevented from being filled with water as much as possible so as to prolong the service life, and after the device is filled with water, the motor 5, the ozone control element 3 and the ultrasonic control element 4 are started to enable the stirring rotor 11 to rotate, the ozone generator 7 to work and the ultrasonic vibrator 8 to work, so that the purposes of removing pesticide residues and cleaning fruits and vegetables can be achieved under the synergistic effect of ultrasonic and ozone oxidation.
Compared with the related art, the portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention provides a portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device, which adopts an optimized ozone preparation scheme and an electrolytic water type ozone generator, can oxidize macromolecular organic pesticides on one hand, and on the other hand, ozone can react to generate free radicals in the contact process with water, and the free radicals are utilized to attack pollutants to realize the purposes of sterilizing, disinfecting and degrading organic matters such as pesticide residues, antibiotics and the like;
the other part of the ultrasonic vibrators 8 in the invention also have a good effect on pesticide residues contained in fruits and vegetables during working, when ultrasonic waves act on liquid, cavitation is formed inside the liquid, originally dissolved bubbles are supersaturated due to negative pressure and escape from the liquid to form tiny bubbles, and the tiny bubbles are cracked to form a small range of high temperature and high pressure in the continuous activation and oscillation processes, so that the surfaces of the fruits and vegetables have good sterilizing, disinfecting and cleaning capabilities.
The invention combines ultrasonic and ozone, has obvious synergistic effect on the degradation of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables, and the cavitation effect of ultrasonic waves generates the capability of enhancing the decomposition of macromolecular organic matters by ozone. The degradation of pesticide residue is promoted.
The practical effect of the invention is proved to have better removing effect on the pesticide residues of low-concentration antibiotics, organic phosphorus, organic chlorine, pyrethroid and the like after the detection of a liquid quality instrument. Has obvious degradation effect on p-methamidophos, dichlorvos, carbamate, chlorothalonil, phenoxy carboxylic acid herbicide 2,4-D, etc.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by using the contents of the present specification and the accompanying drawings, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device is characterized by comprising:
a control area housing;
a battery mounted within the control area housing;
the ozone control element is fixedly arranged in the control area shell;
an ultrasonic control element fixedly mounted within the control zone housing;
the telescopic working area shell is hollow out, and the telescopic working area shell is arranged at the bottom of the control area shell.
2. The portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a motor is fixedly installed in the control area housing, a connecting rod is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the motor, and a bottom end of the connecting rod extends into the hollow telescopic working area housing and is fixedly provided with a stirring rotor.
3. A portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removal device as claimed in claim 1 wherein the ozone control element is connected to an ozone generator, the ozone generator being located within the hollowed-out telescopic workspace housing.
4. The portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removal device as recited in claim 1, wherein the ultrasonic control element is connected with an ozone generator, the ozone generator is located in the hollowed-out telescopic working area shell, and two titanium conducting rods are arranged at the bottom of the ozone generator.
5. A portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device as claimed in claim 4, wherein a diaphragm is arranged at the bottom of the ozone generator, and both the titanium conducting rods penetrate through the diaphragm.
CN202110924560.6A 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device Pending CN113615800A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110924560.6A CN113615800A (en) 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110924560.6A CN113615800A (en) 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113615800A true CN113615800A (en) 2021-11-09

Family

ID=78384845

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110924560.6A Pending CN113615800A (en) 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Portable vegetable and fruit pesticide residue removing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113615800A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203340951U (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-12-18 诸暨市绿野出口食品有限公司 Salted vegetable cleaning and disinfecting device
CN108354196A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-03 佛山市顺德区远熠模塑电器有限公司 Fruit vegetables apparatus for sterilization
CN109278444A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-01-29 马鞍山迪斯福工业设计有限公司 A kind of multifunction teaching board of education
CN109516528A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-26 西安泰金工业电化学技术有限公司 A kind of advanced oxidation device removing gourd, fruit and vegetable pesticide residue

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203340951U (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-12-18 诸暨市绿野出口食品有限公司 Salted vegetable cleaning and disinfecting device
CN108354196A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-03 佛山市顺德区远熠模塑电器有限公司 Fruit vegetables apparatus for sterilization
CN109278444A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-01-29 马鞍山迪斯福工业设计有限公司 A kind of multifunction teaching board of education
CN109516528A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-26 西安泰金工业电化学技术有限公司 A kind of advanced oxidation device removing gourd, fruit and vegetable pesticide residue

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Application publication date: 20211109