CN113530117A - Mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board - Google Patents

Mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113530117A
CN113530117A CN202110927643.0A CN202110927643A CN113530117A CN 113530117 A CN113530117 A CN 113530117A CN 202110927643 A CN202110927643 A CN 202110927643A CN 113530117 A CN113530117 A CN 113530117A
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China
Prior art keywords
fireproof
layer
refrigeration
composite board
radiation
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Pending
Application number
CN202110927643.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡玉春
蔡贵玖
余传柏
李克海
曹禄荣
马旭宏
王银龙
杨丰甲
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Beijing Saibosi Engineering Technology Research Institute
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Beijing Saibosi Engineering Technology Research Institute
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Priority to CN202110927643.0A priority Critical patent/CN113530117A/en
Publication of CN113530117A publication Critical patent/CN113530117A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • E04BUILDING
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    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0875Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements having a basic insulating layer and at least one covering layer
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Abstract

The application discloses mineral core fire prevention refrigeration organic thermal protection composite panel, including the heat preservation, the both sides of heat preservation are provided with fire prevention top layer and fire prevention bottom, the outside on fire prevention top layer is provided with a plurality of layers of radiation refrigeration layer, the heat preservation is polymer organic material. According to the mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board provided by the embodiment of the application, the fireproof coiled material is fixedly arranged on the heat insulation layer made of the high polymer organic material, so that the heat insulation performance of the heat insulation layer is fully exerted, and meanwhile, the heat insulation layer has mechanical properties such as fireproof performance, compression resistance, bending resistance and the like; the composite board has more connection modes with a building surface and the like, is suitable for more application scenes, can be directly applied to the outer surface of a building by spraying various exterior wall coatings on the surface of the composite board, and can also be made into various integrated energy-saving fireproof heat-insulating boards and the like in a factory.

Description

Mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of novel building wall materials, relates to a fireproof and refrigerating heat-insulating board for a building, and particularly relates to a mineral core fireproof and refrigerating organic heat-insulating composite board.
Background
The enclosure system of the building is an important component of the building, the outer wall system of the building is the most important subsystem in the enclosure system of the building, the fire prevention, the heat preservation and the heat insulation of the outer wall of the building are main indexes of the physical performance of the enclosure system of the building, and the quality of the used materials of the enclosure system of the outer wall directly influences the indexes of the performance of the building.
In areas hot in summer and warm in winter, 90% of various heat radiation which is directly emitted and scattered outdoors can enter indoors through walls, window glass, roofs and the like. Because the heat radiation belongs to electromagnetic radiation, the common fiber cement pressure plate or calcium silicate plate has transparency to the heat radiation, and the thick wall body can only block 5-10% of the heat radiation entering the room. The air conditioner needs to be started with a large amount of energy consumption in summer to solve the problem of indoor cooling. In hot summer and cold winter areas, indoor heat radiation in winter can be lost to the outdoor through walls, window glass, roofs and the like, and the heat supply quantity needs to be greatly increased to keep the indoor proper temperature.
Currently, the commonly used external thermal insulation materials for external walls are mainly classified into organic materials (such as Polyurethane (PU)), inorganic materials (such as expanded perlite) and decoration integrated composite materials. Organic heat-insulating materials are widely used once, but are gradually eliminated due to the defects that the organic heat-insulating materials are not aging-resistant, the fire-resistant grade cannot meet the A-grade requirement and the like. The inorganic material has large volume weight, poor heat preservation and insulation efficiency, and also has a plurality of problems and defects such as brittleness and the like. The composite material can make up for the deficiencies of the materials, and provides a new opportunity for the development of wall thermal insulation materials. At present, the most widely applied decoration integrated insulation board is mainly formed by compounding a calcium silicate board and an insulation material, and a bonding anchor connection mode is adopted, but the insulation board has poor fireproof performance and freezing and thawing performance, various fire safety accidents and large-area wall falling safety accidents occur, and the problems of fire prevention and falling prevention of the outer wall of the building gradually become the primary consideration factor in the design of the building industry.
At present, the decoration integrated composite material insulation board has the defects of inconsistent material edge seams, pores, material linear expansion coefficients and the like in the composite process, and joint surfaces and the like can not avoid residual air and gas generated by chemical reaction during cementation and can form local air convection with large and small sizes. The heat insulation performance of the decorative integrated composite material heat insulation board material is obviously reduced, namely the reason why the total thickness of the whole wall is multiplied and the heat transfer coefficient of the wall is higher than 0.48 after the polyurethane board (PU) with the thickness of 50mm and the concrete shear wall (walls such as aerated concrete) and the integrated board are compounded in the external heat insulation of the external wall is adopted. Meanwhile, the residual gas can cause the quality problems of uneven cooling and heating of the outer wall, hollowing, cracking, falling and the like. How to improve the combination quality of external thermal insulation of the external wall and prevent the generation of heat convection is a new subject in the technical field of novel fireproof energy-saving thermal insulation building enclosure systems.
The requirement of a building outer wall enclosure system on having excellent fireproof, heat-preservation, heat-insulation and energy-saving performances and simultaneously being capable of adapting to large-scale industrial manufacturing and convenient assembly type construction is the requirement of novel building industrial development. The problems of high energy consumption, high pollution, fire prevention, heat preservation, energy conservation, same service life as a building structure and long-term low cost, energy conservation and environmental protection in building construction are solved thoroughly, and the problems of building energy conservation and green and environmental protection of buildings are solved fundamentally.
Therefore, aiming at the high molecular organic material insulation board, how to expand the application in the building industry and improve the fireproof performance, the mechanical performance, the installation performance and the like of the insulation board becomes an important research field in the industry.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above-mentioned defects or shortcomings in the prior art, the present invention provides a novel composite board, which integrates the advantages of same service life as the structure, light weight, high strength, heat insulation, sound insulation, earthquake resistance, crack resistance, fire resistance, water resistance, impact resistance, convenient installation, simple surface decoration process, etc., is suitable for building exterior wall insulation and light exterior wall boards, and is a novel multifunctional composite building exterior wall system with wide application prospect. Therefore, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
on one hand, the invention provides a mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board which comprises a heat insulation layer, wherein a fireproof top layer and a fireproof bottom layer are arranged on two sides of the heat insulation layer, a plurality of radiation refrigeration layers are arranged on the outer side of the fireproof top layer, and the heat insulation layer is made of high polymer organic materials.
Optionally, the insulation layer is selected from one or more of extruded polystyrene board, polyurethane board and phenolic board.
Further, the fireproof top layer and/or the fireproof bottom layer are fireproof coiled materials, and the fireproof coiled materials are prepared from the following raw materials: water-based emulsion, inorganic flame retardant, inorganic filler and reinforced aggregate.
Optionally, the aqueous emulsion is selected from one or more of styrene-acrylic emulsion, styrene-butadiene emulsion, acrylic emulsion, vinyl acetate-ethylene copolymer emulsion;
the inorganic flame retardant is selected from one or more of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide;
the inorganic filler is selected from one or more of calcium carbonate, quartz sand, perlite and blast furnace mineral powder;
the reinforced aggregate is selected from one or more of glass fiber and polypropylene fiber.
Preferably, the outer side of the fireproof top layer and/or the fireproof bottom layer is provided with a first metal layer, and the first metal layer on the outer side of the fireproof top layer is arranged between the fireproof top layer and the radiation refrigerating layer.
Preferably, a second metal layer is arranged between the fireproof top layer and the insulating layer and/or between the fireproof bottom layer and the insulating layer.
Optionally, the refractive index of the inorganic particles of the radiation refrigerating body in the plurality of radiation refrigerating layers decreases from outside to inside in sequence.
Optionally, the radiant refrigerator is one or more selected from ceramic powder, titanium dioxide, glass beads, silicon dioxide, coarse whiting powder, barium sulfate, talcum powder, zinc sulfate, aluminum silicate, coarse whiting powder, pearl powder, aluminum oxide, zinc oxide, zirconium oxide, cerium oxide, lanthanum oxide, rhodium oxide and magnesium oxide.
Further, a radiation absorption layer is arranged on the outer side of the radiation refrigeration layer, and the radiation absorption layer comprises an ultraviolet absorbent and/or an infrared absorbent.
Optionally, the ultraviolet light absorbing material absorber is selected from at least one of a salicylate-based light absorber, a triazine-based light absorber, a hindered amine-based light absorber, a benzophenone-based light absorber, and a benzotriazole-based light absorber; the material of the infrared absorbent is selected from indium tin oxide and/or antimony tin oxide.
Optionally, a reflective layer is disposed between the radiation refrigeration layer and the radiation absorption layer.
Optionally, the material of the reflective layer is selected from one or more of aluminum, silver, chromium, titanium or alloy metal materials thereof.
The technical scheme provided by the embodiment of the application can have the following beneficial effects:
according to the mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board provided by the embodiment of the application, the fireproof coiled material is fixedly arranged on the heat insulation layer made of the high polymer organic material, so that the heat insulation performance of the heat insulation layer is fully exerted, and meanwhile, the heat insulation layer has mechanical properties such as fireproof performance, compression resistance, bending resistance and the like; the composite board has more connection modes with a building surface and the like, is suitable for more application scenes, can be directly applied to the outer surface of a building by spraying various exterior wall coatings on the surface of the composite board, and can also be made into various integrated energy-saving fireproof heat-insulating boards and the like in a factory.
The mineral core fire prevention refrigeration organic heat preservation composite sheet that this application embodiment provided radiates the refrigeration through fixed radiation refrigeration coating and the radiation refrigeration membrane of being provided with in polymer organic material's heat preservation, and through heat preservation control heat interaction, the surface of building is directly applied to through green insulating connecting piece, is at the energy-conserving fire prevention heat preservation insulation board of factory preparation integration. Has the functions of water resistance, heat preservation, heat insulation, fire prevention and energy conservation. The product construction is simple and convenient, and the product is tightly combined with a building base layer through a green insulating connecting piece structure connection process; the method is suitable for more application scenes.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the present application will become more apparent upon reading of the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments thereof, made with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic thermal insulation composite board provided in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a novel green organic foamed ceramic composite board provided in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a green organic novel foamed ceramic metal composite external wall panel provided in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a novel green organic foamed ceramic double-sided metal composite wallboard provided by an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a novel green organic radiation refrigeration foamed ceramic composite external wall panel provided in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a novel green organic radiation refrigeration foamed ceramic-metal composite external wall panel provided in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a novel green organic foamed ceramic double-sided metal composite wallboard provided in an embodiment of the present application.
Detailed Description
The present application will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and examples. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the relevant invention and not restrictive of the invention. It should be noted that, for convenience of description, only the portions related to the present invention are shown in the drawings.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 in detail, the mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board comprises a heat insulation layer 100, a fireproof top layer 200 and a fireproof bottom layer 300 are arranged on two sides of the heat insulation layer 100, a plurality of radiation refrigeration layers 400 are arranged on the outer side of the fireproof top layer 200, and the heat insulation layer 100 is made of a high polymer organic material. Wherein the heat insulation layer 100 is one or more selected from extruded polystyrene board, polyurethane board and phenolic board.
When specifically setting up, fire prevention top layer and/or fire prevention bottom are the fire prevention coiled material, the fire prevention coiled material includes that following raw materials prepare and form: water-based emulsion, inorganic flame retardant, inorganic filler and reinforced aggregate.
It should be noted that the fireproof coiled material is in a film shape at normal temperature, the heated softening fluidity of the fireproof coiled material is enhanced, the adhesive force is enhanced, the material is softened, the stretchability of the fireproof coiled material is enhanced, and meanwhile, in the heating process, the softening fluidity of the material is enhanced, so that the stronger bonding force in a molecular chain is removed, the restoring force or the maintaining force is removed in a softening state, and the better tensile property is maintained without resilience.
When the emulsion is prepared specifically, the aqueous emulsion is selected from one or more of styrene-acrylic emulsion, butylbenzene emulsion, acrylic emulsion, vinyl acetate-acrylic emulsion, vinyl acetate emulsion and vinyl acetate-ethylene copolymer emulsion; the inorganic flame retardant is selected from one or more of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide; the inorganic filler is selected from one or more of calcium carbonate, quartz sand, perlite and blast furnace mineral powder; the reinforced aggregate is selected from one or more of glass fiber and polypropylene fiber.
In order to improve the processing performance of the fireproof coiled material, metal layers can be compounded on two sides of the fireproof coiled material, on one hand, the fireproof performance can be further improved through the metal layers, and on the other hand, the composite board can have better processing performance, so that the application places of the composite board are wider.
For example, the outer side of the fireproof top layer and/or the fireproof bottom layer is provided with a first metal layer 10; and/or a second metal layer 20 is arranged between the fireproof top layer and the heat-insulating layer and/or between the fireproof bottom layer and the heat-insulating layer.
In order to improve the bonding performance between the heat-insulating layer and the metal layer, a fiber cloth layer is also arranged between the heat-insulating layer and the metal layer. The material of the first metal layer 10 and the second metal layer 20 is selected from one or more of aluminum, copper, titanium, chromium or metal alloys thereof.
In the present embodiment, the "outer side" refers to a side facing away from the insulating layer, and the "inner side" refers to a side facing toward the insulating layer.
The material of the fiber cloth layer can be at least one of non-woven fabric, glass fiber cloth or polymer gauze slurry sandwiched glass fiber mesh cloth coiled material, wherein the thermal conductivity coefficient of the fiber cloth layer is low, and the fiber cloth layer meets the national standard requirement of heat-insulating materials. The fireproof grade is B1 or B2 grade, the density is lower than 60kg/m3, and the fireproof thermal insulation material is light.
In a specific arrangement, in order to enhance the radiation refrigeration effect, a plurality of layers of radiation refrigeration coatings can be arranged. The materials in the plurality of radiation refrigerating layers 400 may be the same or different, for example, the refractive indexes of the inorganic particles of the radiation refrigerating bodies in the plurality of radiation refrigerating layers 400 decrease sequentially from the outside to the inside.
Wherein, the radiation refrigerating body is selected from one or more of ceramic powder, titanium dioxide, glass beads, silicon dioxide, coarse whiting powder, barium sulfate, talcum powder, zinc sulfate, aluminum silicate, coarse whiting powder, pearl powder, aluminum oxide, zinc oxide, zirconium oxide, cerium oxide, lanthanum oxide, rhodium oxide and magnesium oxide.
In order to improve the performance of the composite board and further improve the radiation refrigeration effect, in some embodiments, the radiation absorption layer 500 is disposed on the outer side of the radiation refrigeration layer 400, and the radiation absorption layer 500 includes an ultraviolet absorbent and/or an infrared absorbent. Wherein the ultraviolet light absorbing material absorbent is at least one selected from salicylate light absorbers, triazine light absorbers, hindered amine light absorbers, benzophenone light absorbers and benzotriazole light absorbers; the material of the infrared absorbent is selected from indium tin oxide and/or antimony tin oxide.
In the embodiment of the present application, the radiation refrigerating layer 400 realizes physical refrigeration by adjusting the reflection or refraction effect of the refrigerating body on light; by adding the radiation absorption layer 500, light is absorbed by adopting a chemical mode, heat is further prevented from entering the heat insulation layer, and a refrigeration function is realized.
Further, a reflective layer 30 is disposed between the radiation refrigerating layer 400 and the radiation absorbing layer 500. The material of the reflective layer 30 is one or more of aluminum, silver, chromium, titanium or alloy metal thereof.
Embodiment one green organic composite A-level fireproof heat-insulation board
As shown in figure 2, the green organic composite A-level fireproof heat-insulation board comprises a heat-insulation layer and fireproof coiled materials arranged on two sides of the heat-insulation layer, wherein the heat-insulation layer and the fireproof coiled materials are fixedly connected through adhesive glue. In this embodiment, the insulating layer is made of foamed ceramic.
The fireproof coiled material (Allumeger A2 grade) is prepared according to the following formula: 240 parts of calcium carbonate, 20 parts of silicon powder, 60 parts of quartz sand, 5 parts of perlite, 8 parts of hollow microspheres, 20 parts of silicon dioxide, 180 parts of aluminum hydroxide, 80 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 3 parts of glass fiber and 120 parts of styrene-acrylic emulsion (Dongdi emulsion BA-205, solid content of 50 +/-1%).
The fireproof coiled material is prepared according to the following steps:
step 1): weighing the components in proportion, and stirring under vacuum to prepare slurry;
step 2): putting the slurry into extrusion molding equipment to prepare a sheet;
step 3): sending the sheet into an oven for baking;
step 4): coating a film on the surface of the sheet;
step 5): and cooling and rolling to obtain the fireproof core roll.
As shown in the following table, in the embodiment of the present application, various physical property inspection results of the green organic composite class a fireproof insulation board are obtained.
Figure BDA0003209354720000071
And (4) analyzing results: as can be seen from the inspection results in the table above, the density of the organic composite fireproof insulation board provided by the invention is less than 20kg/m2The tensile bonding strength meets the A-grade standard, and the waterproof performance is good, so that the expected purpose of the invention is achieved.
In specific application, the green organic composite class-a fireproof insulation board provided by the embodiment is manufactured by compounding a high-quality insulation material (such as PU, PIR, XPS and the like) serving as a base material with a class-a fireproof rolling plate, and various exterior wall coatings can be sprayed on the surface of the base material to be directly applied to the outer surface of a building, and various integrated energy-saving fireproof insulation boards and the like can be manufactured in factories. Has the functions of water resistance, heat preservation, fire prevention and energy conservation. The product is simple and convenient to construct and can be tightly combined with a building base layer through a cold bonding or structural connection process; the green organic composite A-level fireproof insulation board has the advantages of strong heat insulation function, high fireproof grade, high toughness and stable performance, and can improve the comfort level inside a building and the fireproof safety of the building.
Embodiment II, green organic A-level metal composite fireproof heat-insulation board
As shown in FIG. 3, the green organic A-level metal composite fireproof heat-insulation board comprises a heat-insulation layer, a fireproof top layer and a fireproof bottom layer are arranged on two sides of the heat-insulation layer, and a first metal layer 10 is arranged on the outer side of the fireproof top layer. In this embodiment, the first metal layer 10 is an aluminum foil, and the device performance of the composite material is improved by the first metal layer 10 disposed at the topmost layer. In this embodiment, both the top and bottom fire resistant layers are fire resistant coil material. The heat insulating layer is made of organic foamed ceramic.
The compounding process of the fireproof coiled material and the metal layer comprises the following steps:
1) mixing the components according to the weight part of the formula of the fireproof coiled material, and stirring to obtain slurry;
2) forming a plate by the slurry obtained in the step 1 through extrusion equipment and a support system, and baking and curing the plate through a hot air device;
3) and (3) compounding the cured plate obtained in the step (2) with metal foil through a hot-pasting device to obtain the composite material of the fireproof coiled material and the metal.
The green organic A-level metal composite fireproof heat-insulation board is manufactured by adopting high-quality heat-insulation materials (PU, PIR, XPS and the like) as base materials, combining the base materials with an A-level metal composite fireproof board as a panel and combining the base materials with a fireproof board as a bottom board, and manufacturing various metal integrated energy-saving composite fireproof heat-insulation boards in a factory. Has the functions of water resistance, heat preservation, fire prevention and energy conservation. The product is simple and convenient to construct and can be tightly combined with a building base layer through a cold bonding or structural connection process; the green organic A-level metal composite fireproof insulation board has the advantages of strong heat insulation function, high fireproof grade, high toughness, high strength and stable performance, and can improve the interior comfort level of a building and the fireproof safety of the building.
Embodiment is three green organic A level two-sided metal composite fireproof insulation board
As shown in fig. 4, a compound fire prevention heated board of green organic A level double-sided metal, including the heat preservation, the both sides of heat preservation are provided with the fire prevention coiled material as fire prevention top layer and fire prevention bottom, and the outside of fire prevention coiled material is provided with first metal level 10, promptly, all is provided with the metal level at the outmost of composite sheet. In this embodiment, the metal layer is an aluminum foil.
It should be noted that, the metal layer may be provided as multiple layers, and the structural performance of the composite material is further improved by the multiple layers of the metal layer. In some embodiments, the metal layer is disposed on the outside of the fire-rated web, in other embodiments, the metal layer is disposed on the inside of the fire-rated web, and in still other embodiments, the metal layer is disposed on both the inside and outside of the fire-rated web.
In the embodiment disclosed in the application, the number of layers and the setting position of the metal layer are not limited, different performance requirements are met in order to be suitable for different application scenes, the metal layers in different positions and different numbers of layers can be set, and the scheme falls into the protection range of the application.
The green organic A-level double-sided metal composite fireproof heat-insulation board is manufactured by adopting high-quality heat-insulation materials (PU, PIR, XPS and the like) as base materials, adopting an A-level metal composite fireproof plate as a panel and adopting an A-level LB-dragon core metal composite fireproof plate as a bottom plate, and is manufactured into various metal integrated energy-saving composite fireproof heat-insulation boards in factories. The waterproof, heat-insulating, fireproof and energy-saving bridge has the functions of water resistance, heat insulation, fire prevention, bridge breaking and energy conservation.
The product is simple and convenient to construct, can be tightly combined with a building structural member through a structural connection process with a green insulating connecting piece, is an excellent cold storage plate and a cleaning plate, and solves the problems of fire prevention and bridge cut-off of the common cold storage plate and the cleaning plate; the green organic A-level double-sided metal composite fireproof insulation board has the advantages of strong heat insulation function, high fireproof grade, bridge breakage, high toughness, high strength and stable performance, and can improve the interior comfort level of a building and the fireproof safety of the building.
Example four green organic radiation refrigeration A-level composite fireproof insulation board
As shown in FIG. 5, the green organic radiation refrigeration A-level composite fireproof heat-insulation board comprises a heat-insulation layer, a fireproof top layer and a fireproof bottom layer, wherein the fireproof top layer and the fireproof bottom layer are arranged on two sides of the heat-insulation layer and are made of fireproof coiled materials. The outer side of the fireproof top layer is provided with a plurality of radiation refrigerating layers 400.
The radiation refrigerating layer 400 includes a resin and a radiation refrigerating body dispersed in the resin. Wherein the resin is selected from one or more of the following: polyethylene terephthalate, polymethyl methacrylate, polycarbonate, poly-4-methylpentene, polybutylene terephthalate, polyethylene terephthalate-1, 4-cyclohexanedimethanol, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene.
Wherein, the radiation refrigerating body is selected from ceramic powder, titanium dioxide, glass beads, silicon dioxide, coarse whiting powder, barium sulfate, talcum powder, zinc sulfate, aluminum silicate, coarse whiting powder, pearl powder, aluminum oxide, zinc oxide, zirconium oxide, cerium oxide, lanthanum oxide, rhodium oxide and magnesium oxide.
The method of providing a radiant cooling layer 400 on a fire-rated web includes:
(1) the radiation refrigeration layer is configured according to the following formula:
20% of water-based polyurethane resin, 40% of heat reflection pigment and filler (titanium dioxide), 7% of cross-linking agent (aliphatic blocked isocyanate), 0.3% of pH regulator, 3% of film-forming assistant, 0.5% of defoaming agent, 0.5% of wetting agent, 1% of dispersant, 0.5% of flatting agent, 0.3% of thickening agent and 26.9% of water.
(2) Preparation of radiation refrigeration layer coating
Titanium dioxide, a film forming auxiliary agent, a defoaming agent, a wetting agent, a dispersing agent and a flatting agent according to the proportion of the formula are uniformly dispersed in water at a low speed, and the mixture is ground to a proper fineness by using a ball milling surface to obtain a first dispersion system of the functional layer. And adding the cross-linking agent, the thickening agent and the pH regulator into the first dispersion system according to the formula ratio, and uniformly dispersing to obtain the radiation refrigeration coating.
(3) And (3) coating the obtained radiation refrigeration coating on a fireproof coiled material, and drying to obtain the fireproof coiled material with the functional coating.
The green organic radiation refrigeration A-level composite fireproof heat-insulation plate is manufactured by adopting high-quality heat-insulation materials (PU, PIR, XPS and the like) as base materials, adopting a green organic radiation refrigeration A-level metal composite fireproof rolling plate as a panel and adopting an A-level fireproof rolling plate as a bottom plate, and directly applying the green organic radiation refrigeration A-level metal composite fireproof heat-insulation plate to the outer surface of a building through a green insulating connecting piece, so that an integrated energy-saving fireproof heat-insulation plate is manufactured in a factory. The waterproof, heat-preservation, heat-insulation, fireproof, bridge-cut-off and energy-saving functions are achieved.
Embodiment five-green organic radiation refrigeration A-level composite fireproof insulation board
As shown in fig. 6, the novel green organic radiation refrigeration foamed ceramic metal composite external wall panel comprises an insulating layer, and a fireproof top layer and a fireproof bottom layer which are arranged on two sides of the insulating layer, wherein the fireproof top layer and the fireproof bottom layer are fireproof coiled materials. The outer side of the fireproof top layer is provided with a plurality of radiation refrigerating layers 400. The outer side of the fire-proof coiled material is provided with a first metal layer 10.
It should be noted that, in order to improve the radiation refrigeration effect of the composite material, the outer side of the fireproof coiled material is coated with a plurality of radiation refrigeration layers 400. The ultraviolet wavelength in the atmospheric space is below 400nm, the visible wavelength is 400-760nm, and the infrared wavelength is more than 760 nm.
The refractive index of the medium to light is n-c/v, the propagation frequency of the light in the medium is constant, the relation between the speed and the wavelength is v-f-lambda, so that n-c/lambda is obtained, so that two different media have n1/n 2-lambda 2/lambda 1, namely, the smaller the refractive index is, the larger the wavelength is.
In some embodiments, the material and the manufacturing method of the plurality of radiation refrigerating layers 400 are the same, and the radiation refrigerating effect is further improved by the arrangement of the plurality of layers. The thickness of the radiation refrigeration thin layer is 50-150 mu m, the refractive index of inorganic particles of the radiation refrigeration body is 1-15 mu m, and the inorganic particles account for 1-10 wt% of the whole coating layer.
In other embodiments, the refractive index of the inorganic particles of the radiant refrigerator in the several layers of radiant refrigerator layers 400 decreases sequentially. For example, two radiation refrigeration coatings are provided, the inorganic particles in the radiation refrigeration layer 400 on the upper layer are inorganic particles with a refractive index >2, such as at least one of titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, zirconium oxide, cerium oxide, zinc sulfide, zinc selenide and glass beads, and the layers are used for reflecting infrared light or part of visible light with longer wavelength in sunlight.
The inorganic particles in the radiation refrigerating layer 400 located at the lower layer are selected from inorganic particles having a refractive index <2, such as at least one of magnesium oxide, aluminum oxide, calcium oxide, barium sulfate, calcium carbonate, and ceramic beads. This layer is used to achieve reflection of shorter wavelengths of visible light in sunlight.
In some embodiments, the material and the manufacturing method of the plurality of radiation refrigerating layers 400 are the same, and the radiation refrigerating effect is further improved by the arrangement of the plurality of layers.
In other embodiments, the refractive index of the inorganic particles of the radiant refrigerator in the several layers of radiant refrigerator layers 400 decreases sequentially.
In a specific setting, the number of radiation refrigeration layers 400 may be selected according to a specific application scenario.
The green organic radiation refrigeration A-level composite fireproof heat-insulation board is manufactured by adopting high-quality heat-insulation materials (PU, PIR, XPS and the like) as base materials, adopting a panel as a green organic radiation refrigeration A-level fireproof rolling plate and adopting an A-level fireproof rolling plate as a bottom plate, directly applying the green organic radiation refrigeration A-level fireproof rolling plate to the outer surface of a building through a green insulating connecting piece, and manufacturing an integrated energy-saving fireproof heat-insulation board in a factory. Has the functions of water resistance, heat preservation, heat insulation, fire prevention and energy conservation.
Example six green organic radiation refrigeration A-level hardness and softness mutual aid type waterproof, fireproof and heat insulation integrated composite roof panel
As shown in fig. 7, a green organic radiation refrigeration class a rigid-flexible combined waterproof, fireproof, heat-insulating and integrated composite roof panel comprises a heat-insulating layer, a fireproof top layer and a fireproof bottom layer are arranged on two sides of the heat-insulating layer, a plurality of layers of radiation refrigeration layers 400 are arranged on the outer side of the fireproof top layer, second metal layers 20 are arranged between the fireproof top layer and the heat-insulating layer and between the fireproof bottom layer and the heat-insulating layer, and non-woven fabric layers are arranged between the second metal layers 20 and the heat-insulating layer.
The radiation absorbing layer 500 is disposed on the outer side of the radiation refrigerating layer 400, and the radiation absorbing layer 500 includes an ultraviolet absorbent and/or an infrared absorbent. A reflective layer is disposed between the radiation refrigerating layer 400 and the radiation absorbing layer 500.
Wherein the ultraviolet light absorbing material absorbent is at least one selected from salicylate light absorbers, triazine light absorbers, hindered amine light absorbers, benzophenone light absorbers and benzotriazole light absorbers; the material of the infrared absorbent is selected from indium tin oxide and/or antimony tin oxide. The reflecting layer is made of one or more of aluminum, silver, chromium, titanium or alloy metal materials thereof.
In specific implementation, the radiation absorbing layer 500 is fixed on the outer side of the radiation refrigerating layer 400 by an adhesive, and comprises a single-component acrylic adhesive, and a phenol-substituted 2- (2-hydroxy-5-benzyl) benzotriazole ultraviolet absorber and a 4-benzoyloxy-2, 2,6, 6-tetramethylpiperidine light stabilizer which are dispersed in the acrylic adhesive, wherein the mass fraction of the 2- (2-hydroxy-5-benzyl) benzotriazole ultraviolet absorber in the adhesive layer is 18%, and the mass fraction of the 4-benzoyloxy-2, 2,6, 6-tetramethylpiperidine light stabilizer in the adhesive layer is 9%.
In specific implementation, a silver foil may be attached to the outside of the radiation refrigerating layer 400 to serve as a reflective layer. The absorption of ultraviolet rays in sunlight is realized by the radiation absorbing layer 500 on the outermost side, the primary reflection of sunlight is realized by the reflecting layer, and the further reflection of sunlight is realized by the radiation refrigerating layer 400 on the innermost layer.
The green organic radiation refrigeration A-level rigid-flexible mutual aid type waterproof, fireproof, heat-insulation and integrated composite roof board is manufactured by compounding a green organic A-level composite fireproof heat-insulation board serving as a base material with a reflection-type radiation refrigeration film or radiation refrigeration coating and modified butyl rubber (IIR), is directly applied to a roof of a building through a green insulation connecting piece, and is manufactured into an integrated board in a factory. Has the functions of water resistance, heat preservation, heat insulation, fire prevention and energy conservation.
It will be understood that the terms "length," "width," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like, as used herein, refer to an orientation or positional relationship indicated in the drawings that is solely for the purpose of facilitating the description and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and is therefore not to be construed as limiting the invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
Unless defined otherwise, technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. Terms such as "disposed" and the like, as used herein, may refer to one element being directly attached to another element or one element being attached to another element through intervening elements. Features described herein in one embodiment may be applied to another embodiment, either alone or in combination with other features, unless the feature is otherwise inapplicable or otherwise stated in the other embodiment.
The present invention has been described in terms of the above embodiments, but it should be understood that the above embodiments are for purposes of illustration and description only and are not intended to limit the invention to the scope of the described embodiments. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that many variations and modifications may be made to the teachings of the invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (12)

1. The utility model provides an organic heat preservation composite sheet of mineral core fire prevention refrigeration, includes the heat preservation, its characterized in that, the both sides of heat preservation are provided with fire prevention top layer and fire prevention bottom, the outside on fire prevention top layer is provided with a plurality of layers of radiation refrigeration layer, the heat preservation is polymer organic material.
2. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic thermal insulation composite board according to claim 1, wherein the thermal insulation layer is selected from one or more of extruded polystyrene board, polyurethane board and phenolic board.
3. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board according to claim 1, wherein the fireproof top layer and/or the fireproof bottom layer are fireproof coiled materials, and the fireproof coiled materials are prepared from the following raw materials: water-based emulsion, inorganic flame retardant, inorganic filler and reinforced aggregate.
4. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board as claimed in claim 3, wherein the aqueous emulsion is selected from one or more of styrene-acrylic emulsion, styrene-butadiene emulsion, acrylic emulsion, vinyl acetate-ethylene copolymer emulsion;
the inorganic flame retardant is selected from one or more of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide;
the inorganic filler is selected from one or more of calcium carbonate, quartz sand, perlite and blast furnace mineral powder;
the reinforced aggregate is selected from one or more of glass fiber and polypropylene fiber.
5. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic thermal insulation composite board according to claim 1, wherein the outer side of the fireproof top layer and/or the fireproof bottom layer is provided with a first metal layer, and the first metal layer on the outer side of the fireproof top layer is arranged between the fireproof top layer and the radiation refrigeration layer.
6. The mineral-core fireproof refrigeration organic thermal insulation composite board according to claim 5, wherein a second metal layer is arranged between the fireproof top layer and the thermal insulation layer and/or between the fireproof bottom layer and the thermal insulation layer.
7. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board according to claim 1, wherein the refractive index of the inorganic particles of the radiation refrigeration body in the plurality of radiation refrigeration layers decreases sequentially from outside to inside.
8. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board according to claim 7, wherein the radiation refrigeration body is selected from one or more of ceramic powder, titanium dioxide, glass beads, silicon dioxide, coarse whiting powder, barium sulfate, talcum powder, zinc sulfate, aluminum silicate, coarse whiting powder, pearl powder, aluminum oxide, zinc oxide, zirconium oxide, cerium oxide, lanthanum oxide, rhodium oxide and magnesium oxide.
9. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic thermal insulation composite board according to claim 1, wherein a radiation absorption layer is arranged on the outer side of the radiation refrigeration layer, and the radiation absorption layer comprises an ultraviolet absorbent and/or an infrared absorbent.
10. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic thermal insulation composite board according to claim 9, wherein the ultraviolet absorption material absorbent is at least one selected from salicylate light absorbers, triazine light absorbers, hindered amine light absorbers, benzophenone light absorbers and benzotriazole light absorbers; the material of the infrared absorbent is selected from indium tin oxide and/or antimony tin oxide.
11. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic thermal insulation composite board according to claim 9, wherein a reflective layer is disposed between the radiation refrigeration layer and the radiation absorption layer.
12. The mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board as claimed in claim 11, wherein the material of the reflecting layer is one or more selected from aluminum, silver, chromium, titanium or alloy metal materials thereof.
CN202110927643.0A 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Mineral core fireproof refrigeration organic heat insulation composite board Pending CN113530117A (en)

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Application publication date: 20211022