CN113441745A - High-efficient self-cleaning perforating device for hardware processing - Google Patents

High-efficient self-cleaning perforating device for hardware processing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113441745A
CN113441745A CN202110770544.6A CN202110770544A CN113441745A CN 113441745 A CN113441745 A CN 113441745A CN 202110770544 A CN202110770544 A CN 202110770544A CN 113441745 A CN113441745 A CN 113441745A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cover
rod
rotating
wall
fixedly connected
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Granted
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CN202110770544.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113441745B (en
Inventor
孙爱祥
张小平
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Taizhou Hongrun Metal Technology Co ltd
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Taizhou Hongrun Metal Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110770544.6A priority Critical patent/CN113441745B/en
Publication of CN113441745A publication Critical patent/CN113441745A/en
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Publication of CN113441745B publication Critical patent/CN113441745B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/08Protective coverings for parts of machine tools; Splash guards

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency self-cleaning punching device for hardware processing, which comprises: the device comprises a driving rod and a movable cover, wherein the driving rod is rotatably arranged inside the movable cover, the bottom of the driving rod is fixedly connected with a punching drill bit, and the inner wall of the movable cover is fixedly provided with a collecting cover; the swing rod is movably arranged in the middle of the collecting cover, and the distance between the bottom of the swing rod and the drill bit is 5 mm. According to the invention, the top of the driving head can be driven to move back and forth when the eccentric ring is driven to rotate by the rotating column, the driving head drives the rotating rod to rotate back and forth by the rotating sleeve, so that the rotating rod drives the oscillating rod to rotate back and forth by the rotating cover, and the bottom of the oscillating rod swings back and forth on the surface of the punching drill bit, thereby avoiding the chips from being wound on the surface of the punching drill bit, and the generated chips are adsorbed on the inner wall of the collecting cover by matching with the negative pressure generated by the rotation of the fan blades, avoiding the influence of the chips on punching, and effectively improving the processing quality of hardware.

Description

High-efficient self-cleaning perforating device for hardware processing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of hardware punching equipment, in particular to a high-efficiency self-cleaning punching device for hardware processing.
Background
The hardware is an auxiliary and accessory finished product used in daily life and industrial production, and is made of metal materials such as gold, silver, copper, iron, tin and the like in early stage, so that the hardware is famous and widely made of non-metal materials such as plastics, glass fibers and the like besides various metal materials, and plays an important role in the survival and development process of human beings.
But prior art when in actual use, the in-process that the hardware punched, the sweeps can twine on the drill bit surface when punching, if the sweeps is not in time cleared up, then influences the quality of punching of hardware easily to bring inconvenience for the producer.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a high-efficiency self-cleaning punching device for hardware processing, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the method comprises the following steps:
the device comprises a driving rod and a movable cover, wherein the driving rod is rotatably arranged inside the movable cover, the bottom of the driving rod is fixedly connected with a punching drill bit, and the inner wall of the movable cover is fixedly provided with a collecting cover;
the swinging rod is movably arranged in the middle of the collecting cover, and the distance between the bottom of the swinging rod and the drill bit is 5 mm;
the driving assembly I is arranged on the surface of the movable cover and used for driving the oscillating rod to oscillate in a reciprocating mode, the driving assembly I comprises a rotating column, an eccentric ring is arranged at the bottom of the rotating column, a driving head is movably connected to the inner wall of the eccentric ring, a rotating sleeve is fixedly connected to the bottom of the driving head, a rotating rod is movably connected to the inner wall of the rotating sleeve, the inner wall of the rotating sleeve and the surface of the rotating rod are of regular polygon structures, a rotating cover is movably connected to one end of the rotating rod, and the rotating cover is fixedly connected to one end of the top of the oscillating rod;
and the driving assembly II is arranged at the top of the movable cover and is used for driving the rotating column to rotate and simultaneously generating negative pressure in the movable cover.
Preferably, collect the lateral wall that the corresponding rotation of cover position of cover and seted up and rotate the groove, and rotate the inner wall in groove and the surperficial swing joint who rotates the lid, the surface that rotates the post is rotated through the bearing and is connected with the connecting rod, and the first set casing of fixed surface of connecting rod, first set casing fixed connection is on the surface of activity cover, the dwang activity runs through and extends to the inside of activity cover, the centre of a circle of eccentric ring sets up with the vertical direction in the centre of a circle of rotating the post is crisscross, it is porous subassembly to collect the cover.
Preferably, a fixed ring is movably arranged on the surface of the rotating sleeve, a groove is formed in the surface of the rotating sleeve corresponding to the position of the fixed ring, the inner wall of the groove is rotatably connected with the surface of the fixed ring, the fixed ring is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the first fixed shell, one end, away from the position of the rotating cover, of the rotating rod is rotatably connected with a movable tube, the movable tube movably penetrates through and extends to the outside of the first fixed shell, a reset spring is fixedly connected to the surface of one end, away from the position of the first fixed shell, of the movable tube, the reset spring is fixedly connected to the surface of the first fixed shell, one end, away from the position of the first fixed shell, of the movable tube is fixedly connected with a pull ring, the diameter of one end, away from the position of the pull ring, of the movable tube is larger than the diameter of one end, away from the position of the pull ring, of the top of the rotating column is fixedly connected with a transmission rod, and a protection tube is fixedly embedded in the top of the first fixed shell corresponding to the position of the transmission rod, and the transmission rod is rotatably connected to the inner wall of the protection tube.
Preferably, drive assembly two includes drive gear, drive gear swing joint is on the surface of actuating lever, drive gear's inner wall is regular polygon structure with the surface of actuating lever, respectively fixedly connected with rotating tube is equallyd divide to drive gear's top and bottom, fixedly connected with flabellum and support frame respectively on the surface of rotating tube, support frame fixed connection is at the inner wall of movable cover.
Preferably, drive gear's surface transmission is connected with the chain, the chain activity runs through and extends to the outside of movable cover, the chain is kept away from the both ends that drive gear position and is equallyd divide and do not the transmission and be connected with drive gear, drive gear fixed connection is at the top of transfer line, the fixed surface that corresponds the transmission gear position of movable cover is connected with the second set casing, and the fixed embedding in the bottom of second set casing of protection tube.
Preferably, the fixed dismouting subassembly that is equipped with in middle part of movable cover, the dismouting subassembly includes the through-hole, the lateral wall at the movable cover is seted up to the through-hole, the inner wall fixedly connected with connecting strip of through-hole, the spacing ball of middle part fixedly connected with of connecting strip, the spacing recess has been seted up on the surface of collecting the corresponding spacing ball position of cover, and the inner wall of spacing recess and the surface swing joint of spacing ball, the surface threaded connection of the corresponding through-hole position of movable cover has the screwed pipe.
Preferably, the middle part of the collecting cover corresponding to the position of the driving rod is fixedly connected with a blocking flap, the surface of the blocking flap is movably connected with the surface of the driving rod, and the bottom of the movable cover is fixedly connected with a plurality of salient points.
Preferably, the top fixedly connected with telescopic link of second set casing, the top fixedly connected with lifter plate of telescopic link, the fixed surface of telescopic link is connected with damping spring, the middle part fixedly connected with driving motor of lifter plate, the bottom of driving motor's output and the top fixed connection of actuating lever, other fixedly connected with hydraulic stem is equallyd divide at the both ends at lifter plate top, the top fixedly connected with mount of hydraulic stem, and mount fixed connection is at the top of punching the platform.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, the top of the driving head can be driven to move back and forth when the eccentric ring is driven to rotate by the rotating column, the driving head drives the rotating rod to rotate back and forth through the rotating sleeve, so that the rotating rod drives the oscillating rod to rotate back and forth through the rotating cover, and the bottom of the oscillating rod swings back and forth on the surface of the punching drill bit, thereby avoiding the chips from being wound on the surface of the punching drill bit, and the generated chips are adsorbed on the inner wall of the collecting cover by matching with the negative pressure generated by the rotation of the fan blades, avoiding the influence of the chips on punching, and effectively improving the processing quality of hardware;
2. the invention also rotates the threaded pipe at the same time, and enables the threaded pipe to be in threaded connection with the surface of the movable cover, so that the threaded pipe is positioned at the top of the limit ball, at the same time, the threaded pipe does not extrude the limit ball any more, and simultaneously, two pull rings are pulled towards the two ends, so that the pull rings drive the movable pipe to move towards the two ends and extrude the reset spring, and the movable pipe drives the rotating rod to be separated from the rotating cover, at the same time, the collecting cover is pulled downwards, under the action of pressure, the collecting cover can push the limit ball out of the inner part of the movable cover, at the same time, the collecting cover can be separated from the inner part of the movable cover, during installation, the collecting cover is arranged in the movable cover by corresponding the position of the limit groove to the position of the limit ball, under the action of pressure, the collecting cover can push the limit ball out of the inner part of the movable cover until the limit groove moves to the position of the limit ball, at the moment, the limit ball is movably connected to the inner wall of the limit groove, the pull ring is loosened, under the action of the reset spring, the reset spring drives the rotating rod to be inserted into the inner wall of the rotating cover again through the movable pipe, the threaded pipe is rotated, the threaded pipe drives the limiting ball to be completely attached to the inner wall of the limiting groove, the limiting ball is matched with the limiting groove to play a limiting role in the collecting cover, and therefore the purpose of facilitating installation and detachment is achieved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front sectional view of the whole structure of the punching device for processing high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware, which is disclosed by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a front sectional view of a movable cover structure of the punching device for efficient self-cleaning hardware processing, which is disclosed by the invention;
FIG. 3 is a front sectional view of a second structure of the punching device driving assembly for efficient self-cleaning hardware processing of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a front sectional view of a structure of a punching device driving assembly for processing high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware, provided by the invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure at the position A in FIG. 4 of the punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a sectional plan view of a driving gear structure of the punching device for efficient self-cleaning hardware processing, which is disclosed by the invention;
FIG. 7 is a structural bottom view of a rotating column of the efficient self-cleaning punching device for hardware processing, which is disclosed by the invention;
FIG. 8 is a front view of the whole structure of the efficient self-cleaning punching device for hardware processing.
In the figure: 1. a drive rod; 2. a movable cover; 3. a drill bit; 4. a collection hood; 5. a swing lever; 6. a first driving component; 601. rotating the column; 602. an eccentric ring; 603. a drive head; 604. rotating the sleeve; 605. rotating the rod; 606. rotating the cover; 607. a rotating groove; 608. a connecting rod; 609. a first stationary case; 610. a stationary ring; 611. a movable tube; 612. a return spring; 613. a pull ring; 614. a transmission rod; 615. protecting the tube; 7. a second driving component; 701. a drive gear; 702. rotating the tube; 703. a fan blade; 704. a support frame; 705. a chain; 706. a transmission gear; 707. a second stationary case; 8. disassembling and assembling the components; 801. a through hole; 802. a connecting strip; 803. a limiting ball; 804. a threaded pipe; 805. a limiting groove; 9. a barrier flap; 10. salient points; 11. a drive motor; 12. a lifting plate; 13. a hydraulic lever; 14. a fixed mount; 15. a punching table; 16. a telescopic rod; 17. a damping spring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention provides a technical solution: the method comprises the following steps:
the device comprises a driving rod 1 and a movable cover 2, wherein the driving rod 1 is rotatably arranged inside the movable cover 2, a punching drill bit 3 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the driving rod 1, and a collecting cover 4 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the movable cover 2;
the oscillating rod 5 is movably arranged in the middle of the collecting cover 4, and the distance between the bottom of the oscillating rod 5 and the punching drill bit 3 is 5 mm;
the first driving assembly 6 is arranged on the surface of the movable cover 2 and used for driving the swinging rod 5 to swing in a reciprocating mode, the first driving assembly 6 comprises a rotating column 601, an eccentric ring 602 is arranged at the bottom of the rotating column 601, the inner wall of the eccentric ring 602 is movably connected with a driving head 603, a rotating sleeve 604 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the driving head 603, a rotating rod 605 is movably connected to the inner wall of the rotating sleeve 604, the inner wall of the rotating sleeve 604 and the surface of the rotating rod 605 are both in regular polygon structures, a rotating cover 606 is movably connected to one end of the rotating rod 605, and the rotating cover 606 is fixedly arranged at one end of the top of the swinging rod 5;
and the second driving component 7 is arranged at the top of the movable cover 2 and is used for driving the rotating column 601 to rotate and generating negative pressure inside the movable cover 2.
Collect the corresponding lateral wall that rotates the lid 606 position of cover 4 and seted up and rotate groove 607, and the inner wall that rotates groove 607 and the surperficial swing joint who rotates lid 606, the surface that rotates post 601 rotates through the bearing and is connected with connecting rod 608, and the fixed surface of connecting rod 608 installs first set casing 609, first set casing 609 fixed mounting is on the surface of activity cover 2, the inside that activity cover 2 was run through and extended to in the activity of dwang 605 activity, the centre of a circle of eccentric ring 602 and the crisscross setting of the vertical direction of the centre of a circle of rotating post 601, it is porous subassembly to collect cover 4.
A fixed ring 610 is movably arranged on the surface of the rotating sleeve 604, a groove is formed on the surface of the rotating sleeve 604 corresponding to the position of the fixed ring 610, the inner wall of the groove is rotatably connected with the surface of the fixed ring 610, the fixed ring 610 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of a first fixed shell 609, a movable tube 611 is rotatably connected with one end of the rotating rod 605 away from the position of the rotating cover 606, the movable tube 611 movably penetrates through and extends to the outside of the first fixed shell 609, a return spring 612 is fixedly arranged on the surface of one end of the movable tube 611 away from the position of the first fixed shell 609, the return spring 612 is fixedly arranged on the surface of the first fixed shell 609, a pull ring 613 is fixedly arranged on one end of the movable tube 611 away from the position of the first fixed shell 609, the diameter of one end of the movable tube 611 away from the pull ring 613 is larger than the diameter of one end of the movable tube 611 corresponding to the position of the pull ring 613, a transmission rod 614 is fixedly arranged on the top of the rotating column 601, a transmission rod 615 is fixedly embedded in the top of the first fixed shell 609 corresponding to the position, and the driving rod 614 is rotatably coupled to the inner wall of the protection tube 615.
The second driving assembly 7 comprises a driving gear 701, the driving gear 701 is movably connected to the surface of the driving rod 1, the inner wall of the driving gear 701 and the surface of the driving rod 1 are both in a regular polygon structure, a rotating pipe 702 is fixedly installed at the top and the bottom of the driving gear 701 respectively, a fan blade 703 and a supporting frame 704 are fixedly installed on the surface of the rotating pipe 702 respectively, and the supporting frame 704 is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the movable cover 2.
The surface of the driving gear 701 is in transmission connection with a chain 705, the chain 705 movably penetrates through and extends to the outside of the movable cover 2, two ends of the chain 705, which are far away from the driving gear 701, are respectively in transmission connection with a transmission gear 706, the transmission gear 706 is fixedly installed at the top of the transmission rod 614, the surface of the movable cover 2, which corresponds to the position of the transmission gear 706, is fixedly installed with a second fixed shell 707, and the protection pipe 615 is fixedly embedded at the bottom of the second fixed shell 707.
The fixed dismouting subassembly 8 that is equipped with in middle part of activity cover 2, dismouting subassembly 8 includes through-hole 801, the lateral wall at activity cover 2 is seted up to through-hole 801, the inner wall fixed mounting of through-hole 801 has connecting strip 802, the middle part fixed mounting of connecting strip 802 has spacing ball 803, the surface of collecting the corresponding spacing ball 803 position of cover 4 has seted up spacing recess 805, and the inner wall of spacing recess 805 and the surface swing joint of spacing ball 803, the surface threaded connection of the corresponding through-hole 801 position of activity cover 2 has screwed pipe 804.
The middle part of the collecting cover 4 corresponding to the position of the driving rod 1 is fixedly provided with a blocking flap 9, the surface of the blocking flap 9 is movably connected with the surface of the driving rod 1, and the bottom of the movable cover 2 is fixedly provided with a plurality of salient points 10.
Top fixed mounting of second stationary housing 707 has telescopic link 16, the top fixed mounting of telescopic link 16 has lifter plate 12, the fixed surface of telescopic link 16 installs damping spring 17, the middle part fixed mounting of lifter plate 12 has driving motor 11, the bottom of driving motor 11's output and the top fixed mounting of actuating lever 1, the both ends at lifter plate 12 top are equallyd divide respectively fixed mounting have hydraulic stem 13, the top fixed mounting of hydraulic stem 13 has mount 14, and mount 14 fixed mounting is at the top of punching platform 15.
The working principle is as follows: when the device is used, the lifting plate 12 is driven by the hydraulic rod 13 to move downwards, the lifting plate 12 drives the punching bit 3 to move downwards through the driving rod 1 to perform punching operation, meanwhile, the lifting plate 12 drives the movable cover 2 to move downwards through the telescopic rod 16, the damping spring 17 and the second fixed shell 707, the punching position of the punching bit 3 is covered, the driving rod 1 is driven to rotate through the electrification of the driving motor 11, the driving rod 1 drives the punching bit 3 to perform punching operation, when the driving rod 1 rotates, the driving rod 1 drives the driving gear 701 to rotate, the driving gear 701 drives the rotating pipe 702 to rotate, the rotating pipe 702 drives the fan blades 703 to rotate and the inner part of the movable cover 2 to generate negative pressure, so that air on the surface of the punching position of the punching bit 3 is sucked into the inner part of the movable cover 2, and when the driving gear 701 rotates, the driving gear 701 can drive the chain 705 to drive, the chain 705 can drive the transmission gear 706 to rotate, and when the transmission gear 706 rotates, the transmission gear 706 can drive the transmission rod 614 to rotate, so that the transmission rod 614 can drive the rotation post 601 to rotate, because the center of the eccentric ring 602 is vertically staggered with the center of the rotation post 601, so that when the rotation post 601 rotates, the rotation post 601 drives the eccentric ring 602 to rotate and drives the top of the driving head 603 to move back and forth, and when the top of the driving head 603 moves back and forth, the driving head 603 can drive the rotation sleeve 604 to rotate back and forth, because the inner wall of the rotation sleeve 604 and the surface of the rotation rod 605 are both in a regular polygon structure, the rotation sleeve 604 can drive the rotation rod 605 to rotate back and forth, so that the rotation rod 605 drives the swing rod 5 to rotate back and forth through the rotation cover 606, and the bottom of the swing rod 5 swings back and forth on the surface of the punching drill bit 3, the situation that chips are wound on the surface of the perforating drill bit 3 when the perforating drill bit 3 perforates is avoided, the generated chips are adsorbed on the inner wall of the collecting cover 4 by matching with negative pressure generated by rotation of the fan blade 703, the perforating is avoided from being influenced by the chips, the processing quality of hardware is effectively improved, when the collecting cover 4 needs to be detached for cleaning, the threaded pipe 804 is connected with the surface thread of the movable cover 2 by rotating the threaded pipe 804, the threaded pipe 804 is positioned at the top of the limiting ball 803, at the moment, the limiting ball 803 is not extruded by the threaded pipe 804, two pull rings 613 are pulled towards two ends simultaneously, the pull rings 613 drive the movable pipe 611 to move towards two ends and extrude the reset spring 612, the movable pipe 611 drives the rotating rod 605 to be separated from the rotating cover 606, at the moment, the collecting cover 4 is pulled downwards, under the action of pressure, the limiting ball 803 can be pushed out of the inner part of the movable cover 2 by the collecting cover 4, at this time, the collecting cover 4 can be separated from the inside of the movable cover 2, during installation, the position of the limiting groove 805 corresponds to the position of the limiting ball 803, the collecting cover 4 is placed inside the movable cover 2, under the action of pressure, the collecting cover 4 can push the limiting ball 803 out of the inside of the movable cover 2 until the limiting groove 805 moves to the position of the limiting ball 803, at this time, the limiting ball 803 is movably connected to the inner wall of the limiting groove 805, the pull ring 613 is released, under the action of the return spring 612, the return spring 612 drives the rotating rod 605 to be inserted into the inner wall of the rotating cover 606 again through the movable pipe 611, the threaded pipe 804 is rotated, the threaded pipe 804 drives the limiting ball 803 to be completely attached to the inner wall of the limiting groove 805, and the limiting groove 805 is matched with the limiting ball 803 to limit the collecting cover 4, so as to achieve the purpose of convenient installation and disassembly, by arranging the telescopic rod 16 and the damping spring 17, the movable cover 2 does not move downwards along with the perforating drill bit 3, and the salient point 10 is arranged, so that the situation that the air duct is difficult to form inside the movable cover 2 due to the fact that the movable cover 2 directly covers on an object can be avoided.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a perforating device is used in processing of high-efficient self-cleaning hardware which characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the device comprises a driving rod (1) and a movable cover (2), wherein the driving rod (1) is rotatably arranged inside the movable cover (2), the bottom of the driving rod (1) is fixedly connected with a punching drill bit (3), and the inner wall of the movable cover (2) is fixedly provided with a collecting cover (4);
the swinging rod (5) is movably arranged in the middle of the collecting cover (4), and the distance between the bottom of the swinging rod (5) and the punching drill bit (3) is 5 mm;
the driving assembly I (6) is arranged on the surface of the movable cover (2) and used for driving the swinging rod (5) to swing in a reciprocating mode, the driving assembly I (6) comprises a rotating column (601), an eccentric ring (602) is arranged at the bottom of the rotating column (601), the inner wall of the eccentric ring (602) is movably connected with a driving head (603), the bottom of the driving head (603) is fixedly connected with a rotating sleeve (604), the inner wall of the rotating sleeve (604) is movably connected with a rotating rod (605), the inner wall of the rotating sleeve (604) and the surface of the rotating rod (605) are both in regular polygon structures, one end of the rotating rod (605) is movably connected with a rotating cover (606), and the rotating cover (606) is fixedly connected to one end of the top of the swinging rod (5);
and the second driving assembly (7) is arranged at the top of the movable cover (2) and is used for driving the rotating column (601) to rotate and generating negative pressure in the movable cover (2).
2. The punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware as claimed in claim 1, wherein: collect the corresponding lateral wall that rotates lid (606) position of cover (4) and seted up rotation groove (607), and rotate the inner wall of groove (607) and the surperficial swing joint who rotates lid (606), the surface that rotates post (601) is rotated through the bearing and is connected with connecting rod (608), and the fixed surface of connecting rod (608) is connected with first set casing (609), first set casing (609) fixed connection is on the surface of activity cover (2), dwang (605) activity runs through and extends to the inside of activity cover (2), the centre of a circle of eccentric ring (602) sets up with the vertical direction in the centre of a circle of rotating post (601) is crisscross, collect cover (4) and be porous subassembly.
3. The punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the surperficial activity of rotating cover (604) is provided with retainer plate (610), the surface that rotates the corresponding retainer plate (610) position of cover (604) sets up flutedly, and the inner wall of recess rotates with the surface of retainer plate (610) to be connected, retainer plate (610) fixed connection is at the inner wall of first set casing (609), the one end rotation that rotation lid (606) position was kept away from in dwang (605) is connected with movable pipe (611), movable pipe (611) activity runs through and extends to the outside of first set casing (609), movable pipe (611) keep away from the one end fixed surface that first set casing (609) position and are connected with reset spring (612), and reset spring (612) fixed connection is on the surface of first set casing (609), one end fixedly connected with pull ring (613) that first set casing (609) position was kept away from in movable pipe (611), the one end diameter that pull ring (613) position was kept away from to movable pipe (611) is greater than the corresponding pull ring of movable pipe (611) and is drawn The diameter of one end of the position of the ring (613), the top of the rotating column (601) is fixedly connected with a transmission rod (614), the top of the first fixed shell (609) corresponding to the position of the transmission rod (614) is fixedly embedded with a protection tube (615), and the transmission rod (614) is rotatably connected to the inner wall of the protection tube (615).
4. The punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware as claimed in claim 1, wherein: drive assembly two (7) are including drive gear (701), drive gear (701) swing joint is on the surface of actuating lever (1), the inner wall of drive gear (701) is regular polygon structure with the surface of actuating lever (1), do not fixedly connected with rotating tube (702) are equallyd divide to the top and the bottom of drive gear (701), fixedly connected with flabellum (703) and support frame (704) are distinguished on the surface of rotating tube (702), support frame (704) fixed connection is at the inner wall of activity cover (2).
5. The punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the surface transmission of drive gear (701) is connected with chain (705), chain (705) activity is run through and is extended to the outside of activity cover (2), the both ends that drive gear (701) position was kept away from in chain (705) are all connected with drive gear (706) in the transmission respectively, drive gear (706) fixed connection is at the top of transfer line (614), the fixed surface connection that corresponds drive gear (706) position in activity cover (2) has second set casing (707), and protection tube (615) fixed embedding is in the bottom of second set casing (707).
6. The punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fixed dismouting subassembly (8) that are equipped with in middle part of activity cover (2), dismouting subassembly (8) include through-hole (801), the lateral wall at activity cover (2) is seted up in through-hole (801), inner wall fixedly connected with connecting strip (802) of through-hole (801), the spacing ball of middle part fixedly connected with (803) of connecting strip (802), spacing recess (805) have been seted up on the surface of collecting the corresponding spacing ball (803) position of cover (4), and the surface swing joint of the inner wall of spacing recess (805) and spacing ball (803), the surface threaded connection of the corresponding through-hole (801) position of activity cover (2) has screwed pipe (804).
7. The punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware as claimed in claim 1, wherein: collect the middle part fixedly connected with of cover (4) corresponding actuating lever (1) position and block lamella (9), and block the surface swing joint of the surface of lamella (9) and actuating lever (1), a plurality of bumps of bottom fixedly connected with (10) of activity cover (2).
8. The punching device for machining high-efficiency self-cleaning hardware as claimed in claim 6, wherein: top fixedly connected with telescopic link (16) of second set casing (707), top fixedly connected with lifter plate (12) of telescopic link (16), the fixed surface of telescopic link (16) is connected with damping spring (17), middle part fixedly connected with driving motor (11) of lifter plate (12), the bottom of the output of driving motor (11) and the top fixed connection of actuating lever (1), other fixedly connected with hydraulic stem (13) are equallyd divide at the both ends at lifter plate (12) top, top fixedly connected with mount (14) of hydraulic stem (13), and mount (14) fixed connection is at the top of punching platform (15).
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