CN113417335A - Durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention - Google Patents

Durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113417335A
CN113417335A CN202110823289.7A CN202110823289A CN113417335A CN 113417335 A CN113417335 A CN 113417335A CN 202110823289 A CN202110823289 A CN 202110823289A CN 113417335 A CN113417335 A CN 113417335A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
water
lifting
mounting
forest fire
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CN202110823289.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓辰
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Anhui Institute of Information Engineering
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Anhui Institute of Information Engineering
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Priority to CN202110823289.7A priority Critical patent/CN113417335A/en
Publication of CN113417335A publication Critical patent/CN113417335A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B11/00Arrangements or adaptations of tanks for water supply
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B5/00Use of pumping plants or installations; Layouts thereof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention discloses a durable rainwater collecting device for forest fire prevention, which relates to the technical field of forest fire prevention and comprises a water collecting component, an adjusting component, a water storage component, a lifting component and an electrical component, wherein: the rainwater that catchments the subassembly and be used for realizing collecting the rainwater in its region, the adjustment subassembly is located the below of catchments the subassembly and is used for realizing gathering rain when the rainy day and adjusting between the two kinds of operating condition of electricity generation when fine day, water storage component leans on the lower setting and is used for realizing storing the rainwater of collecting, lifting unit is located water storage component's top and is used for realizing catchments the lift of subassembly and adjustment subassembly, electric component is used for monitoring the real-time weather condition in the region of locating and carries out light energy electricity generation and electric energy storage when fine day. The forest fire prevention durable rainwater collecting device has the characteristics of ingenious design, reasonable structure and convenience in use, can effectively improve the current situation that no water is available during forest fire prevention and forest fire extinguishment at present, and effectively reduces the maintenance times.

Description

Durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of forest fire prevention, in particular to a durable rainwater collection device for forest fire prevention.
Background
The occurrence of forest fire can seriously harm the life safety of people and livestock inhabiting the forest fire, destroy the ecological environment and cause huge loss to national economy, and forest departments all over the country pay great attention to forest fire prevention work all the time.
Because the position that forest fire took place is generally rare, has the inconvenient and inconvenient condition of water intaking of traffic, and this makes common fire engine inconvenient to drive into the conflagration and takes place the region, and this means can't in time carry water to the region of catching fire, and this also means that forest keeper or fire fighter can't just carry out effective fire extinguishing in the conflagration earlier stage. At the present stage, although the helicopter is used for taking water to perform fire extinguishing operation, the purchase and use costs of the helicopter are very high, the allocation quantity of the helicopters of the forest maintenance department and the fire fighting department is limited, and a pre-buried rainwater collecting device is also arranged, so that the whole structure is too heavy, the helicopter is inconvenient to ship and move, the structural stability is poor, the strong wind resisting capacity in the open air is weak, and the maintenance frequency and the maintenance cost are increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a forest fire prevention durable rainwater collecting device to solve the defects caused in the prior art.
The utility model provides a durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention, includes catchment subassembly, adjustment subassembly, water storage component, lifting unit and electric component, wherein:
the water collecting assembly is used for collecting rainwater in the area where the water collecting assembly is located;
the adjusting component is positioned below the water collecting component and is used for adjusting two working states of collecting rain in a rainy day and generating power in a sunny day;
the water storage component is arranged below and used for storing the collected rainwater;
the lifting assembly is positioned above the water storage assembly and is used for realizing the lifting of the water collecting assembly and the adjusting assembly;
the electrical assembly is used for monitoring the real-time weather condition in the area and carrying out light energy power generation and electric energy storage in sunny days.
Preferably, the water collecting assembly specifically comprises a mounting box, a mounting cover, spline shafts, spline pipes, connecting shafts and water collecting plates, the mounting box is a hollow regular polygon prism-structured shell with an opening on the top surface, the mounting cover is a regular polygon-structured shell and covers the opening on the top of the mounting box, the spline shafts are correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and are respectively rotatably mounted on each side surface of the mounting box, the spline pipes are correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and are respectively and slidably connected with the extending ends of the spline shafts, the connecting shafts are correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and are respectively and coaxially fixed on the extending ends of the spline pipes, the water collecting plates are correspondingly provided with a plurality of water collecting plates and are respectively distributed on the lower side of each connecting shaft, the water collecting plates are in an isosceles trapezoid structure, the shorter bases of the water collecting plates are arranged inwards, and the two oblique waist sides and the outward bases of the water collecting plates are both bent upwards, the water collecting plate is fixed on the connecting shaft through a plurality of evenly distributed omega-shaped connecting sheets.
Preferably, the adjusting assembly specifically comprises an installation pipe, an installation plate, a first screw rod, a first driving motor, a first lifting plate, a first lifting column, a sliding column, a rotating block, a rotating disk and a spherical sheave, wherein the installation pipe is a hollow regular polygon prism structure shell with openings on the top surface and the bottom surface, the installation pipe is installed at the bottom of the installation box in the middle, the installation plate is horizontally installed at the bottom of the installation pipe, the first screw rods are symmetrically distributed in the left and right direction, the upper end and the lower end of the first screw rod are respectively rotatably connected with the installation box and the installation plate, the first driving motor is symmetrically distributed in the left and right direction, the first driving motor is vertically arranged upwards and is installed at the lower side of the installation plate through a fixing plate in a shape like a Chinese character 'ji', the first driving motor and the first screw rod which are positioned at the same side are connected through a coupler, the first lifting plate is horizontally positioned in the installation pipe and is connected with the first screw rod through a pair of screw nuts, the lifting column is rotatably installed at the center of the upper end face of the first lifting plate through a one-way bearing, the sliding column is vertically installed at the middle of the lifting column, the first lifting plate is of a regular polygonal structure and is connected with lifting strips which overhang outwards on each edge of the first lifting plate, rectangular installation grooves for the lifting strips to pass through are formed in each side face of the installation pipe, L-shaped hinged strips are hinged to the overhanging ends of the lifting strips, annular clamps are hinged to opposite ends of the hinged strips, the clamps are rotatably connected to the middle of the spline pipe on the same side through bearings, the rotating block is of a cylindrical structure and is rotatably installed at the center of the bottom of the installation box through the bearings, a cylindrical through groove for the lifting column to pass through is formed in the center of the rotating block, spiral sliding grooves are symmetrically formed in the side walls of the through groove, and two ends of the sliding column are in sliding fit with the two sliding grooves, the rotating disc is coaxially arranged at the top of the rotating block, the edge of the upper end face of the rotating disc is provided with poking columns at equal intervals, and the spherical grooved wheels are provided with a plurality of and are respectively arranged at the inward extending ends of the spline shafts.
Preferably, water storage components specifically includes water collector, connecting rod, water storage tank and intake pipe, the water collector level is located the mounting panel under, the water collector through a plurality of evenly distributed the connecting rod connect in the downside of mounting panel, the center department of water collector is equipped with regular polygon' S water guide mouth, the water storage tank is located the water collector under, the intake pipe of S type is installed by the bottom to one side of water storage tank, the last port of intake pipe is higher than the storage water tank.
Preferably, the lifting assembly specifically comprises a supporting top plate, a supporting bottom plate, a supporting column, a second screw rod, a second lifting plate and a second driving motor, wherein the supporting top plate and the supporting bottom plate are horizontally arranged, the supporting top plate is positioned right above the supporting bottom plate, the supporting bottom plate is arranged at the top of the water storage tank in the middle, a circular water through hole is formed in the center of the supporting bottom plate, the supporting columns are symmetrically distributed in the front and back direction, the upper end and the lower end of each supporting column are fixedly connected with the supporting top plate and the supporting bottom plate respectively, the second screw rod is symmetrically distributed in the left and right direction, the upper end and the lower end of the second screw rod are rotatably connected with the supporting top plate and the supporting bottom plate respectively, the second lifting plate is provided with a plurality of lifting plates and is arranged at each corner of the bottom of the mounting box in an overhanging manner, the second lifting plates close to the front and back sides are slidably connected with the supporting columns through guide sleeves, and the second lifting plates close to the left and right sides are in threaded connection with the second screw rods through second screw nuts, the driving motor II is provided with a pair of symmetrical distribution around and, the driving motor II is vertically arranged downwards and is installed on the upper side of the supporting base plate, the first belt wheel is installed on the output shaft of the driving motor II, the second belt wheel is installed at the lower end of the screw rod II, the first belt wheel is connected with the second belt wheel through a belt, and a plurality of connecting columns are evenly welded between the supporting base plate and the water storage tank.
Preferably, the electrical component specifically comprises a solar panel, a battery cabinet, a mounting shell, a wind speed sensor, a rainfall sensor and an electrical cabinet, the solar panels are provided with a plurality of solar panels which are uniformly distributed below the water collecting plates, the solar panels are in isosceles trapezoid structures and are respectively arranged at the lower sides of the water collecting plates, the battery cabinet is internally provided with a storage battery, the storage battery is electrically connected with the solar panel, the mounting shell is of a hollow quadrangular frustum cone structure and is arranged on the top of the supporting top plate in the middle, the wind speed sensor is provided with one and is arranged at the top of the mounting shell in the middle, the rainfall sensors are provided with four and are respectively arranged on four inclined planes of the mounting shell, the controller is arranged in the electrical cabinet and is electrically connected with the storage battery, the wind speed sensor, the rainfall sensor, the first driving motor and the second driving motor respectively.
The invention has the advantages that: this kind of durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention when the actual application:
(1) the wind speed sensor and the rainfall sensor are used for monitoring the real-time weather condition in the area where the wind speed sensor and the rainfall sensor are located, and adjustment between two working states of rain collection in rainy days and power generation in sunny days is achieved.
(2) When the rainwater collecting device is used in rainy days, rainwater in the area where the rainwater collecting device is located can be collected through the plurality of water collecting plates which are folded and close to each other, the rainwater left from the notches in the inner sides of the water collecting plates is received through the water receiving disc, then the rainwater flows into the water storage tank through the water guiding opening and is temporarily stored, and when a fire is found, the rainwater in the water storage tank can be extracted from the water taking pipe through the peripheral water suction pump, so that the purpose of temporary emergency use is achieved.
(3) When fine on the day, through the water-collecting plate upset degree, make originally the solar panel that is located the water-collecting plate downside overturn to the upside to shine sunshine through solar panel and acquire the electric energy and store among the battery of battery cabinet, the electric energy part that obtains can be used for various electric elements among the electric component.
(4) Regarding the adjustment component part: can drive lead screw one through driving motor behind the shaft coupling transmission and rotate, and then drive lifter plate one, lift post and lifter bar and go up and down, wherein:
the lifting strip can lift the spline pipe to stretch relative to the spline shaft, so that the connecting shaft and the water collecting plate are driven to stretch or furl, and the collected water collecting plate can obviously improve the structural stability and the strong wind resistance of a water collecting component part in the rainwater collecting device;
when the sliding column passes through the spiral sliding groove, the one-way bearing cannot limit the rotational freedom degree of the lifting column, so that the sliding column can slide out of the rotating block along the sliding groove, and cannot drive the spline shaft, the spline pipe, the connecting shaft and the water collecting plate to synchronously turn over.
(5) Can drive lead screw two through the belt drive through driving motor two and rotate, and then realize two lifts of lifter plate, realize the lift that realizes catchmenting subassembly and adjustment subassembly promptly, through the height that reduces catchmenting subassembly, can reduce whole rainwater collection device's focus, promote whole rainwater collection device's stability, also made things convenient for the maintenance in later stage simultaneously and overhauld.
In conclusion, the durable forest fire prevention rainwater collecting device has the characteristics of ingenious design, reasonable structure and convenience in use, can effectively improve the current situation that no water is available in forest fire prevention and forest fire extinguishment at present, and effectively reduces the maintenance times.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall three-dimensional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the whole front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 and 4 are schematic structural views of the whole water collecting module in the present invention.
Fig. 5 and 6 are schematic views showing the overall structure of the adjustment assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a partial structural schematic diagram of the adjusting assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the entire water storage assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 9 and 10 are schematic views showing the overall structure of the lifting assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the whole electrical component of the present invention.
Wherein:
10-a water collection assembly; 101-mounting a box; 102-mounting a cover; 103-a splined shaft; 104-a splined tube; 105-a connecting shaft; 106-connecting piece; 107-water collecting plate;
20-an adjustment assembly; 201-installing a pipe; 201 a-a mounting groove; 202-a mounting plate; 203-a first lead screw; 204-driving a motor I; 205-a fixed plate; 206-a coupling; 207-lead screw nut II; 208-lifting plate one; 209-lifting column; 210-sliding posts; 211-lifting bar; 212-hinge bar; 213-a clamp; 214-a rotation block; 214 a-through slot; 214 b-a glide groove; 215-rotating disk; 216-toggle post; 217-spherical sheave;
30-a water storage component; 301-a water pan; 301 a-water guide port; 302-a connecting rod; 303-a water storage tank; 304-a water intake pipe;
40-a lifting assembly; 401 — supporting a top plate; 402-a support floor; 402 a-water port; 403-support column; 404-screw II; 405-lifting plate two; 406-a guide sleeve; 407-screw nut II; 408-driving motor two; 409-a first belt wheel; 410-pulley two; 411-belt; 412-connecting column;
50-an electrical component; 501-solar panel; 502-battery cabinet; 503-mounting a housing; 504-wind speed sensor; 505-a rainfall sensor; 506-electrical cabinet.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 11, a forest fire prevention durable rainwater collecting apparatus includes a water collecting assembly 10, an adjusting assembly 20, a water storage assembly 30, a lifting assembly 40 and an electrical assembly 50, wherein:
the water collecting assembly 10 is used for collecting rainwater in an area where the water collecting assembly is located;
the adjusting component 20 is positioned below the water collecting component 20 and is used for realizing adjustment between two working states of rain collection in a rainy day and power generation in a sunny day;
the water storage component 30 is arranged below and used for storing the collected rainwater;
the lifting assembly 40 is positioned above the water storage assembly 30 and is used for realizing the lifting of the water collection assembly 10 and the adjustment assembly 20;
the electrical assembly 50 is used for monitoring the real-time weather conditions in the area and performing photovoltaic power generation and electrical energy storage in sunny days.
In this embodiment, the water collecting assembly 10 specifically includes a mounting box 101, a mounting cover 102, spline shafts 103, spline pipes 104, a connecting shaft 105, and a water collecting plate 107, where the mounting box 101 is a hollow regular polygonal casing with an opening on the top surface, the mounting cover 102 is a regular polygonal casing and covers the opening on the top surface of the mounting box 101, the spline shafts 103 are correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and are respectively rotatably mounted on each side surface of the mounting box 101, the spline pipes 104 are correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and are respectively slidably connected to the outward extending ends of the spline shafts 103, the connecting shaft 105 is correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts 104 and is respectively coaxially fixed to the outward extending ends of the spline pipes, the water collecting plate 107 is correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and is respectively distributed on the lower side of each connecting shaft 105, the water collecting plate 107 is of an isosceles trapezoid structure with shorter bottom edge arranged inward, and two oblique waist edges and outward bottom edges of the water collecting plate 107 are both bent upward, the water collection plate 107 is fixed on the connecting shaft 105 through a plurality of connecting pieces 106 which are evenly distributed and in an omega shape. When in rainy days, the rainwater in the area can be collected by the plurality of water collecting plates 107 which are folded and close together.
In this embodiment, the adjusting assembly 20 specifically includes a mounting tube 201, a mounting plate 202, a first lead screw 203, a first driving motor 204, a first lifting plate 208, a first lifting column 209, a sliding column 210, a rotating block 214, a rotating disk 215, and a spherical sheave 217, the mounting tube 201 is a hollow regular polygon prism structure housing with open top and bottom surfaces, the mounting tube 201 is centrally mounted at the bottom of the mounting box 101, the mounting plate 202 is horizontally mounted at the bottom of the mounting tube 201, the first lead screw 203 is provided with a pair of symmetrical left and right distribution, the upper and lower ends of the first lead screw 203 are respectively rotatably connected with the mounting box 101 and the mounting plate 202, the first driving motor 204 is provided with a pair of symmetrical left and right distribution, the first driving motor 204 is vertically disposed upward and mounted at the lower side of the mounting plate 202 through a "several" shaped fixing plate 205, the first driving motor 204 located at the same side is connected with the first lead screw 203 through a coupling 206, the lifting plate I208 is horizontally arranged inside the mounting tube 201 and is connected with the screw rod I203 through a pair of screw rod nuts I207, the lifting column 209 is rotatably mounted at the center of the upper end face of the lifting plate I208 through a one-way bearing, the sliding column 210 is vertically mounted in the middle of the lifting column 209, the lifting plate I208 is of a regular polygon structure and is connected with lifting strips 211 which overhang outwards on each side of the lifting plate I, each side face of the mounting tube 201 is provided with a rectangular mounting groove 201a for the lifting strips 211 to pass through, the overhanging ends of the lifting strips 211 are hinged with L-shaped hinge strips 212, the opposite ends of the hinge strips 212 are hinged with annular clamps 213, the clamps 213 are rotatably connected with the middle part of the spline tube 104 on the same side through bearings, the rotating block 214 is of a cylindrical structure and is rotatably mounted at the center of the bottom of the mounting box 101 through bearings, the center of the rotating block 214 is provided with a cylindrical through groove 214a for the lifting columns to pass through, spiral sliding grooves 214b are symmetrically formed in the side wall of the through groove 214a in the center, two ends of the sliding column 210 are in sliding fit with the two sliding grooves 214b, the rotating disc 215 is coaxially installed at the top of the rotating block 214, the edge of the upper end face of the rotating disc 215 is provided with shifting columns 216 at equal intervals, and the spherical grooved wheels 217 are provided with a plurality of sliding grooves and are respectively installed at the inward extending ends of the spline shafts 103. Can drive a lead screw 203 through a driving motor 204 behind the transmission of shaft coupling 206 and rotate, and then drive a lifter plate 208, lift post 209 and lifter bar 211 and go up and down, wherein: firstly, the spline pipe 104 can be stretched relative to the spline shaft 103 through the lifting of the lifting bar 211, so that the connecting shaft 105 and the water collecting plate 107 are driven to stretch or furl, and the water collecting plate 107 furled together can obviously improve the structural stability and the strong wind resistance of the water collecting component 10 in the rainwater collecting device; secondly, by the ascending of the lifting column 209, when the sliding column 210 passes through the spiral sliding groove 214b, the rotational freedom degree of the lifting column 209 is limited by the one-way bearing, the sliding column 210 can push the rotating block 214 and the rotating disc 215 to rotate, and further the fluctuation column 216 on the rotating disc 215 drives the spherical grooved wheel 217 to rotate, so as to drive the spline shaft 103, the spline pipe 104, the connecting shaft 105 and the water collecting plate 107 to synchronously turn over, and by the descending of the lifting column 209, when the sliding column 210 passes through the spiral sliding groove 214b, the rotational freedom degree of the lifting column 209 is not limited by the one-way bearing, the sliding column 210 can slide out of the rotating block 214 along the sliding groove 214b, so as not to drive the spline shaft 103, the spline pipe 104, the connecting shaft 105 and the water collecting plate 107 to synchronously turn back.
In this embodiment, water storage component 30 specifically includes water collector 301, connecting rod 302, water storage tank 303 and intake pipe 304, water collector 303 level is located mounting panel 202 under, water collector 303 through a plurality of evenly distributed connecting rod 302 connect in mounting panel 202 'S downside, the center department of water collector 303 is equipped with regular polygon' S water guide mouth 301a, water storage tank 303 is located water collector 303 under, the intake pipe 304 of S type is installed by the bottom to one side of water storage tank 303, the last port of intake pipe 304 is higher than water storage tank 303. When the fire is discovered, the rainwater in the water storage tank 303 can be pumped from the water intake pipe 304 through the external water suction pump so as to achieve the purpose of temporary emergency use.
In this embodiment, the lifting assembly 40 specifically includes a top supporting plate 401, a bottom supporting plate 402, a supporting column 403, a second screw rod 404, a second lifting plate 405 and a second driving motor 408, the top supporting plate 401 and the bottom supporting plate 402 are both horizontally disposed, the top supporting plate 401 is located right above the bottom supporting plate 402, the bottom supporting plate 402 is centrally installed on the top of the water storage tank 303, a circular water through hole 402a is formed in the center of the bottom supporting plate 402, the two pairs of supporting columns 403 are symmetrically distributed in the front-rear direction, the upper and lower ends of the supporting column 403 are respectively fixedly connected with the top supporting plate 401 and the bottom supporting plate 402, the two screw rods 404 are symmetrically distributed in the left-right direction, the upper and lower ends of the second screw rod 404 are respectively rotatably connected with the top supporting plate 401 and the bottom supporting plate 402, the second lifting plate 405 is provided with a plurality of screws and is installed at each corner of the bottom of the installation box 101 in a suspended manner, two 405 lifters that lean on back both sides all pass through uide bushing 406 and support column 403 sliding connection, two 405 lifters that lean on left and right both sides all through two 407 and two 404 threaded connections of lead screw nut, driving motor two 408 is equipped with a pair of and front and back symmetric distribution, driving motor two 408 is vertical sets up down and installs in the upside of supporting baseplate 402, install band pulley 409 on driving motor two 408's the output shaft, band pulley two 410 is installed to the lower tip of lead screw two 404, be connected through belt 411 between band pulley 409 and the band pulley two 410, evenly welded has a plurality of spliced pole 412 between supporting baseplate 402 and the water storage tank 303. Can drive two 404 lead screws and rotate through two 408 belt drives of driving motor, and then realize two 405 lifts of lifter plate, realize the lift that realizes water collection assembly 10 and adjustment subassembly 20 promptly, through the height that reduces water collection assembly, can reduce whole rainwater collection device's focus, promote whole rainwater collection device's stability, also made things convenient for the maintenance in later stage simultaneously and overhauld.
In this embodiment, the electrical component 50 specifically includes a solar panel 501, a battery cabinet 502, an installation shell 503, a wind speed sensor 504, a rain sensor 505 and an electrical cabinet 506, the solar panel 501 is provided with a plurality of solar panels 501 and is uniformly distributed below each water collecting plate 107, the solar panels 501 are in an isosceles trapezoid structure and are respectively installed at the lower sides of each water collecting plate 107, a storage battery is arranged in the battery cabinet 502, the storage battery is electrically connected with the solar panel 501, the installation shell 503 is in a hollow quadrangular frustum structure and is centrally installed at the top of the supporting top plate 401, the wind speed sensor 504 is provided with one solar panel and is centrally installed at the top of the installation shell 503, the rain sensor 505 is provided with four solar panels and is respectively installed on four inclined planes of the installation shell 503, a controller is arranged in the electrical cabinet 506, and the controller is respectively connected with the storage battery, the wind speed sensor 504, the rain sensor 505, the electrical cabinet 506, The rainfall sensor 505, the first driving motor 204 and the second driving motor 408 are electrically connected. When the weather is fine, the water collection plate 107 is turned over by 180 degrees, so that the solar panel 501 originally positioned on the lower side of the water collection plate 107 is turned over to the upper side, so that the solar panel 501 irradiates sunlight to obtain electric energy and store the electric energy into the storage battery of the battery cabinet 502, the obtained electric energy is partially used for various electric elements in the electric assembly 50, and the electric energy is used for monitoring the real-time weather condition in the area where the electric assembly is positioned through the wind speed sensor 504 and the rain sensor 505.
In this embodiment, this kind of durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention when the practical application:
(1) the wind speed sensor 504 and the rain sensor 505 are used for monitoring the real-time weather condition in the area where the wind speed sensor and the rain sensor are located, and adjustment between two working states of rain collection in rainy days and power generation in sunny days is achieved.
(2) When a fire is discovered, rainwater in the water storage tank 303 can be extracted from the water taking pipe 304 through an external water suction pump so as to achieve the purpose of temporary emergency use.
(3) In sunny days, the water collection plate 107 is turned over by 180 degrees, so that the solar panel 501 originally positioned on the lower side of the water collection plate 107 is turned over to the upper side, so that sunlight is irradiated by the solar panel 501 to obtain electric energy and the electric energy is stored in the storage battery of the battery cabinet 502, and the obtained electric energy is partially used for various electric elements in the electric component 50.
(4) Regarding the adjustment component part: can drive a lead screw 203 through a driving motor 204 behind the transmission of shaft coupling 206 and rotate, and then drive a lifter plate 208, lift post 209 and lifter bar 211 and go up and down, wherein:
firstly, the spline pipe 104 can be stretched relative to the spline shaft 103 through the lifting of the lifting bar 211, so that the connecting shaft 105 and the water collecting plate 107 are driven to stretch or furl, and the water collecting plate 107 furled together can obviously improve the structural stability and the strong wind resistance of the water collecting component 10 in the rainwater collecting device;
secondly, by the ascending of the lifting column 209, when the sliding column 210 passes through the spiral sliding groove 214b, the rotational freedom degree of the lifting column 209 is limited by the one-way bearing, the sliding column 210 can push the rotating block 214 and the rotating disc 215 to rotate, and further the fluctuation column 216 on the rotating disc 215 drives the spherical grooved wheel 217 to rotate, so as to drive the spline shaft 103, the spline pipe 104, the connecting shaft 105 and the water collecting plate 107 to synchronously turn over, and by the descending of the lifting column 209, when the sliding column 210 passes through the spiral sliding groove 214b, the rotational freedom degree of the lifting column 209 is not limited by the one-way bearing, the sliding column 210 can slide out of the rotating block 214 along the sliding groove 214b, so as not to drive the spline shaft 103, the spline pipe 104, the connecting shaft 105 and the water collecting plate 107 to synchronously turn back.
(5) Can drive two 404 lead screws and rotate through two 408 belt drives of driving motor, and then realize two 405 lifts of lifter plate, realize the lift that realizes water collection assembly 10 and adjustment subassembly 20 promptly, through the height that reduces water collection assembly, can reduce whole rainwater collection device's focus, promote whole rainwater collection device's stability, also made things convenient for the maintenance in later stage simultaneously and overhauld.
In conclusion, the durable forest fire prevention rainwater collecting device has the characteristics of ingenious design, reasonable structure and convenience in use, can effectively improve the current situation that no water is available in forest fire prevention and forest fire extinguishment at present, and effectively reduces the maintenance times.
The embodiments disclosed above are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive. All changes which come within the scope of or equivalence to the invention are intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention which characterized in that: including catchment subassembly (10), adjusting part (20), water storage component (30), lifting unit (40) and electric components (50), wherein:
the water collecting assembly (10) is used for collecting rainwater in the area where the water collecting assembly is located;
the adjusting component (20) is positioned below the water collecting component (20) and is used for realizing adjustment between two working states of rain collection in rainy days and power generation in sunny days;
the water storage component (30) is arranged below and used for storing the collected rainwater;
the lifting assembly (40) is positioned above the water storage assembly (30) and is used for realizing the lifting of the water collecting assembly (10) and the adjusting assembly (20);
the electrical assembly (50) is used for monitoring real-time weather conditions in the area and carrying out light energy power generation and electric energy storage in sunny days.
2. The durable rainwater collection device for forest fire prevention according to claim 1, wherein: the water collecting assembly (10) specifically comprises a mounting box (101), a mounting cover (102), spline shafts (103), spline pipes (104), connecting shafts (105) and a water collecting plate (107), wherein the mounting box (101) is a hollow regular polygon prism-structured shell with an opening on the top surface, the mounting cover (102) is a regular polygon-structured shell and covers the opening on the top of the mounting box (101), the spline shafts (103) are correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and are respectively rotatably mounted on each side surface of the mounting box (101), the spline pipes (104) are correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and are respectively connected with the extending ends of the spline shafts (103) in a sliding manner, the connecting shafts (105) are correspondingly provided with a plurality of extending ends which are respectively and coaxially fixed on the spline pipes (104), the water collecting plate (107) is correspondingly provided with a plurality of spline shafts and is respectively distributed on the lower side of each connecting shaft (105), water-collecting plate (107) sets up inwards for isosceles trapezoid structure and shorter base, two oblique waist limits of water-collecting plate (107) and the base outwards all do and make the processing of upwards bending, water-collecting plate (107) are fixed in on connecting axle (105) through connection piece (106) of a plurality of evenly distributed 'omega' type.
3. A forest fire prevention durable rainwater collection apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the adjusting assembly (20) specifically comprises a mounting pipe (201), a mounting plate (202), a first lead screw (203), a first driving motor (204), a first lifting plate (208), a first lifting column (209), a sliding column (210), a rotating block (214), a rotating disk (215) and a spherical grooved wheel (217), wherein the mounting pipe (201) is a hollow regular polygon prism structure shell with openings on the top surface and the bottom surface, the mounting pipe (201) is centrally mounted at the bottom of the mounting box (101), the mounting plate (202) is horizontally mounted at the bottom of the mounting pipe (201), the first lead screw (203) is provided with a pair of bilaterally symmetrical distribution, the upper end and the lower end of the first lead screw (203) are respectively rotatably connected with the mounting box (101) and the mounting plate (202), the first driving motor (204) is provided with a pair of bilaterally symmetrical distribution, the first driving motor (204) is vertically upwards and is mounted at the lower side of the mounting plate (202) through a fixing plate (205) shaped like a Chinese character 'ji', the driving motor I (204) and the screw I (203) which are positioned on the same side are connected through a coupler (206), the lifting plate I (208) is horizontally positioned in the installation pipe (201) and is connected with the screw I (203) through a pair of screw nuts I (207), the lifting column (209) is rotatably installed at the center of the upper end face of the lifting plate I (208) through a one-way bearing, the sliding column (210) is vertically installed in the middle of the lifting column (209), the lifting plate I (208) is of a regular polygon structure and is connected with lifting strips (211) which overhang outwards on each side of the lifting plate I, each side face of the installation pipe (201) is provided with a rectangular installation groove (201a) through which the lifting strips (211) pass, the overhanging end of each lifting strip (211) is hinged with an L-shaped hinging strip (212), and the opposite end of each hinging strip (212) is hinged with an annular clamp (213), the clamp (213) is connected in the middle of the spline pipe (104) on the same side through the bearing rotation, the rotary block (214) is of a cylinder structure and is installed at the center of the bottom of the installation box (101) through the bearing rotation, the center of the rotary block (214) is provided with a cylindrical through groove (214a) for a lifting column (209) to pass through, the side wall of the through groove (214a) is symmetrically provided with spiral sliding grooves (214b), the two ends of the sliding column (210) are in sliding fit with the two sliding grooves (214b), the rotary disc (215) is coaxially installed at the top of the rotary block (214), the edge of the upper end surface of the rotary disc (215) is provided with toggle columns (216) at equal intervals, and the spherical grooved wheel (217) is provided with a plurality of grooves and is installed at the inward extending end of each spline shaft (103) respectively.
4. A forest fire prevention durable rainwater collection apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the water storage assembly (30) specifically comprises a water receiving tray (301), a connecting rod (302), a water storage tank (303) and a water taking pipe (304), wherein the water receiving tray (303) is horizontally arranged under the mounting plate (202), the water receiving tray (303) is connected to the lower side of the mounting plate (202) through the connecting rod (302) which is uniformly distributed, a regular polygonal water guide opening (301a) is formed in the center of the water receiving tray (303), the water storage tank (303) is arranged under the water receiving tray (303), the S-shaped water taking pipe (304) is installed on one side of the water storage tank (303) by the bottom, and the upper port of the water taking pipe (304) is higher than the water storage tank (303).
5. A forest fire prevention durable rainwater collection device as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the lifting assembly (40) specifically comprises a top supporting plate (401), a bottom supporting plate (402), a supporting column (403), a second screw rod (404), a second lifting plate (405) and a second driving motor (408), wherein the top supporting plate (401) and the bottom supporting plate (402) are both horizontally arranged, the top supporting plate (401) is positioned right above the bottom supporting plate (402), the bottom supporting plate (402) is arranged at the top of the water storage tank (303) in the middle, a circular water through hole (402a) is formed in the center of the bottom supporting plate (402), the two pairs of supporting columns (403) are symmetrically distributed in the front and back direction, the upper end and the lower end of each supporting column (403) are fixedly connected with the top supporting plate (401) and the bottom supporting plate (402) respectively, the two screw rods (404) are symmetrically distributed in the left and right direction, the upper end and the lower end of the second screw rod (404) are rotatably connected with the top supporting plate (401) and the bottom supporting plate (402) respectively, the second lifting plates (405) are provided with a plurality of lifting plates which are arranged at the corners of the bottom of the mounting box (101) in a hanging and extending mode, the second lifting plates (405) close to the front side and the rear side are connected with the supporting columns (403) in a sliding mode through guide sleeves (406), the second lifting plates (405) close to the left side and the right side are connected with the second lead screw (404) through second lead screw nuts (407) in a threaded mode, the second driving motors (408) are provided with a pair and are symmetrically distributed front and back, the second driving motors (408) are vertically arranged downwards and are arranged on the upper side of the supporting bottom plate (402), a first belt wheel (409) is arranged on an output shaft of the second driving motor (408), a second belt wheel (410) is installed at the lower end part of the second screw rod (404), the first belt wheel (409) is connected with the second belt wheel (410) through a belt (411), a plurality of connecting columns (412) are uniformly welded between the supporting bottom plate (402) and the water storage tank (303).
6. A forest fire prevention durable rainwater collection device as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the electric component (50) specifically comprises a solar panel (501), a battery cabinet (502), an installation shell (503), a wind speed sensor (504), a rainfall sensor (505) and an electric cabinet (506), wherein the solar panel (501) is provided with a plurality of solar panels and uniformly distributed below each water collecting plate (107), the solar panel (501) is in an isosceles trapezoid structure and is respectively installed at the lower side of each water collecting plate (107), a storage battery is arranged in the battery cabinet (502), the storage battery is electrically connected with the solar panel (501), the installation shell (503) is in a hollow quadrangular frustum structure and is centrally installed at the top of a supporting top plate (401), the wind speed sensor (504) is provided with one solar panel and is centrally installed at the top of the installation shell (503), the rainfall sensor (505) is provided with four solar panels and is respectively installed on four inclined planes of the installation shell (503), a controller is arranged in the electric cabinet (506), and the controller is electrically connected with the storage battery, the wind speed sensor (504), the rainfall sensor (505), the first driving motor (204) and the second driving motor (408) respectively.
CN202110823289.7A 2021-07-21 2021-07-21 Durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention Withdrawn CN113417335A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110823289.7A CN113417335A (en) 2021-07-21 2021-07-21 Durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110823289.7A CN113417335A (en) 2021-07-21 2021-07-21 Durable type rainwater collection device of forest fire prevention

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CN113417335A true CN113417335A (en) 2021-09-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114525826A (en) * 2022-02-28 2022-05-24 新泰市国有太平山林场 Forest fire prevention durable rainwater collecting device and collecting method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114525826A (en) * 2022-02-28 2022-05-24 新泰市国有太平山林场 Forest fire prevention durable rainwater collecting device and collecting method thereof

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Application publication date: 20210921