CN113374221A - Method for controlling flatness and verticality of plastering surface of aluminum die forming shear wall and building block - Google Patents

Method for controlling flatness and verticality of plastering surface of aluminum die forming shear wall and building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113374221A
CN113374221A CN202110690916.4A CN202110690916A CN113374221A CN 113374221 A CN113374221 A CN 113374221A CN 202110690916 A CN202110690916 A CN 202110690916A CN 113374221 A CN113374221 A CN 113374221A
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China
Prior art keywords
shear wall
wall
plastering
flatness
masonry
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Granted
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CN202110690916.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113374221B (en
Inventor
赵家贵
代波
刘祖国
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China MCC17 Group Co Ltd
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China MCC17 Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/02Implements for finishing work on buildings for applying plasticised masses to surfaces, e.g. plastering walls
    • E04F21/04Patterns or templates; Jointing rulers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • E04G17/06Tying means; Spacers ; Devices for extracting or inserting wall ties
    • E04G17/065Tying means, the tensional elements of which are threaded to enable their fastening or tensioning
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/02Conveying or working-up concrete or similar masses able to be heaped or cast
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/20Tools or apparatus for applying mortar

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for controlling the flatness and the verticality of a plastering surface of an aluminum die forming shear wall and a building block, which belongs to the technical problem that the flatness and the verticality of a forming shear wall and a building wall are controlled by correcting an outer side line and a building outer side line of the shear wall through aluminum die installation and adjustment and adjusting a beam plate aluminum die and a shear wall side aluminum die of an inclined strut and a vertical strut in the field of high-rise building construction, and the flatness and the verticality of the forming shear wall and the building wall are effectively controlled by tools so as to solve the problem that the thickness of a groove and a tongue before forming cannot be reduced in the prior art, so that the groove and the tongue need to be chiseled or processed in the later period and the later working cost is increased.

Description

Method for controlling flatness and verticality of plastering surface of aluminum die forming shear wall and building block
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of high-rise building construction, and particularly relates to a method for controlling flatness and verticality of a plastering surface of an aluminum die forming shear wall and a building block.
Background
At present, how the flatness and the verticality of a common coping aluminum mould forming shear wall and a building block plastering surface are controlled, especially a linear aluminum mould is built through a stay wire when an operator uses a laser plumb instrument and a steel tape measure to control the flatness and the verticality of the aluminum mould forming shear wall when the aluminum mould is installed and a built wall body which is linear with the aluminum mould is built, and a guiding ruler is used to control the flatness and the verticality of the built wall, and the control method has the defects that:
1. the width rabbet of the building block is controlled below 10mm according to the requirement of deepening design of an aluminum mould on the side surface of the shear wall, but the thickness of the width rabbet exceeds standard due to the fact that plastering often exceeds 15mm after a mortar cake is preset on a plastering layer of the building block;
2. the aluminum die forming shear wall is free from plastering, and has certain deformation in the pouring forming process;
the horizontal aluminum die forming shear wall is difficult to control in flatness of a plastering surface of the horizontal aluminum die and a building block and difficult to control in verticality, quality hidden dangers such as easy out-of-tolerance and wrong platforms are avoided, the labor intensity is large inevitably, the cost time is long, even the situation that the aluminum die forming shear wall is free of plastering due to insufficient thickness exists, the aluminum die forming shear wall is also plastered, normal construction is influenced, the quality hidden dangers exist, and the effect is not good.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: the thickness of the tongue-and-groove before forming cannot be reduced, so that the tongue-and-groove needs chiseling or processing in the later period, and the later-period working cost is increased.
In order to solve the technical problems, the inventor obtains the technical scheme of the invention through practice and summary, and the invention discloses a method for controlling the flatness and the verticality of a plastering surface of an aluminum die forming shear wall and a building block, which comprises the following steps:
step one, aluminum die installation
A1. Erecting a linear aluminum die for the side surface of the shear wall, placing an outer side line of the shear wall outside the aluminum die for the side surface of the shear wall, manually splicing the aluminum die for the side surface of the shear wall piece by piece according to the installation drawing number of the aluminum die for the side surface of the shear wall, installing a pin at a splicing seam, forming a side die reserved hole on the aluminum die for the side surface of the shear wall from top to bottom, installing a square tube back ridge outside the side die reserved hole, installing a split bolt at the square tube back ridge, and penetrating the split bolt through the side die reserved hole to lock the square tube back ridge on the aluminum die for the side surface of the shear wall;
A2. an installation opening is formed in one side, back to the side aluminum mold of the shear wall, of the square tube back edge, an inclined strut is installed in the installation opening, the upper end of the inclined strut is rotatably connected with the installation opening, a shaping fixing piece is installed at the bottom end of the inclined strut, the bottom end of the shaping fixing piece is fixedly connected with the top end of the lower floor slab, and two ends of the inclined strut can be adjusted;
A3. a beam plate aluminum mold is arranged on the aluminum mold on the side surface of the in-line shear wall, a vertical support rod is arranged at the lower end of the beam plate aluminum mold, two ends of the vertical support rod are detachably connected with the beam plate aluminum mold, and two ends of the vertical support rod can be adjusted;
step two, paying off and building outside the aluminum mold on the side surface of the shear wall according to a design drawing, and building a wall, wherein the reserved interval is 15-20 mm from the surface of the built wall to the outer surface of the formed shear wall;
step three, preliminarily fixing, adjusting the height of the top end of the vertical support rod according to an actual standard, and rotating the diagonal support rod to finely adjust the aluminum die on the side surface of the shear wall, so that the verticality and the flatness of the formed shear wall after the shear wall is poured are controlled to be 0-6 mm and 0-8 mm;
setting a cement cake on the surface of the masonry wall, plastering the surface of the masonry wall according to the cement cake, and controlling the verticality error to be within 0-5 mm and the levelness error to be within 0-8 mm;
step five, after measuring the perpendicularity of the aluminum die on the side surface of the shear wall and the elevation of the aluminum die of the beam plate through a laser plummet, a steel tape and a tower ruler, realizing the accurate control of the perpendicularity and the elevation of the aluminum die on the side surface of the shear wall and a drawing by adjusting two ends of an inclined strut rod and a vertical strut rod respectively, and then pouring concrete into the aluminum die on the side surface of the shear wall;
standing standard concrete forming time, releasing the outer sideline of the shear wall after an aluminum die on the side surface of the shear wall is demolded, attaching the masonry wall by using a guiding rule, measuring the verticality and the flatness of the masonry wall, and checking that the error between the masonry outer sideline of the masonry wall and the outer sideline of the shear wall of the formed shear wall is controlled to be 0-5 mm by using a laser plumber and a steel tape;
the leveling instrument is used for controlling the integral flatness and verticality of the masonry wall, the integral flatness and verticality of the formed shear wall and the masonry wall are checked by adopting a laser plummet instrument, the leveling instrument and a steel tape after the masonry is finished, the thickness of a cement cake on the masonry wall is adjusted according to the integral flatness and verticality error data of the formed shear wall and the masonry wall, plastering is carried out on the other end of the masonry wall from a rabbet of the formed shear wall and the masonry wall, a scraping ruler is used for crossing the juncture of the formed shear wall and the masonry wall in the plastering process, the integral flatness and verticality of a plastering surface of the formed shear wall and the masonry wall are controlled until the plastering is finished, and the flatness and verticality of the plastering of the masonry wall are controlled by pre-setting the cement cake and manually observing the naked eye by using a golden scraping ruler during plastering;
and seventhly, detecting, checking and debugging the laser plumb bob instrument, the guiding rule, the steel tape, the scraping rule and the sliding staff before use, controlling the integral flatness and the verticality of the plastering surfaces of the formed shear wall and the masonry wall not to exceed the acceptance standard, and controlling and detecting after the quality and stability requirements are met until the pouring of each layer of formed shear wall and the masonry and plastering of the masonry wall are finished.
Furthermore, the integral flatness and verticality errors of the formed shear wall and the masonry wall are not more than 4 mm.
Furthermore, the inclined supporting rod comprises threaded holes at two ends, handle parts are mounted on the inclined supporting rod, two groups of symmetrical handles are arranged on the handle parts, and the handles are fixedly connected with the inclined supporting rod.
Further, the shaping fixing piece comprises a bending plate and a fixing pipe, the fixing pipe is installed on the bending plate, a lower rod is installed on the fixing pipe, an external thread is formed on the lower rod, the external thread is matched with the threaded hole, and the lower rod is in threaded connection with the inclined support rod;
an upper mounting opening is formed in one side, opposite to the inclined support rod, of the aluminum die, an upper rod is mounted on the upper mounting opening, external threads are arranged outside the upper rod and matched with the threaded hole, and the upper rod is in threaded connection with the inclined support rod.
Furthermore, the in-line forming building wall is in an inverted L shape, the corresponding position of the beam plate aluminum mold is provided with a joint opening, and the joint opening is suitable for pouring and forming the forming shear wall.
Furthermore, the masonry wall is provided with a reserved 5-8 mm on the surface before plastering, and is suitable for plastering a plastering surface and later-stage plastering of a rabbet.
Compared with the prior art, the invention can obtain the following technical effects:
the method for controlling the flatness and the verticality of the plastering surface of the aluminum die forming shear wall and the building block is reliable in use quality control, effectively solves the problems of out-of-tolerance and dislocation when detecting and controlling the integral flatness and the verticality of the plastering surface of the linear shear wall and the building block wall, the labor intensity is large, the time is long, even the aluminum die forming shear wall without plastering needs to be plastered because of the flatness of the plastering surface of the aluminum die forming shear wall and the building block, the verticality is out of tolerance, the plastering thickness must be increased when the aluminum die forming shear wall is staggered, influence normal construction and have the quality hidden danger, the not good technical problem of effect guarantees shear wall structure concrete placement, block wall masonry plaster quality and controls the whole roughness of a line-shaped shear wall and block wall plaster face, straightness that hangs down simultaneously, has ensured construction period, has guaranteed the whole decoration construction quality of a line-shaped shear wall and block wall plaster face.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments or technical solutions in the prior art of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained based on these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a method for controlling flatness and verticality of a plastering surface of an aluminum die formed shear wall and a building block, which is provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the installation of the masonry and profiled shear walls of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the installation of the masonry wall and the profiled shear wall of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the mount port of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a front view of the diagonal brace of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a front view of a styling fastener of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. aluminum molds are arranged on the side surfaces of the shear walls; 2. an outer edge line of the shear wall; 3. a pin; 4. reserving holes in the side mold; 5. back corrugation of the square tube; 6. oppositely pulling the bolts; 7. an installation port; 8. a diagonal brace; 9. shaping the fixing piece; 10. a beam plate aluminum mold; 11. a vertical support rod; 12. building a wall; 13. forming a shear wall; 14. ash cakes; 15. a laser plummet apparatus; 16. a steel tape; 17. a tower ruler; 18. a guiding rule; 19. a tongue-and-groove; 20. scraping a ruler; 21. a handle; 22. a bending plate; 23. a fixed tube; 24. a lower lever; 25. an upper lever; 26. plastering the surface; 27. and building an outer sideline.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail with reference to the following embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
The application of the principles of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, a method for controlling flatness and verticality of a plastering surface of an aluminum mold forming shear wall and a building block according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises the following steps:
step one, aluminum die installation
A1. Erecting a linear shear wall side aluminum mold 1, placing an outer edge line 2 outside the shear wall side aluminum mold 1, manually splicing the shear wall side aluminum mold 1 piece by piece according to the installation drawing number of the shear wall side aluminum mold 1 to form the shear wall side aluminum mold 1, installing a pin 3 at a splicing seam, forming a side mold reserved hole 4 on the shear wall side aluminum mold 1 from top to bottom, installing a square tube back ridge 5 outside the side mold reserved hole 4, installing a counter bolt 6 at the square tube back ridge 5, and enabling the counter bolt 6 to penetrate through the side mold reserved hole 4 to lock the square tube back ridge 5 on the shear wall side aluminum mold 1;
A2. an installation opening 7 is installed on one side, back to the shear wall side aluminum mould 1, of the square tube back edge 5, an inclined strut 8 is installed in the installation opening 7, the upper end of the inclined strut 8 is rotatably connected with the installation opening 7, a shaping fixing piece 9 is installed at the bottom end of the inclined strut 8, the bottom end of the shaping fixing piece 9 is fixedly connected with the top end of a lower floor slab 10, and two ends of the inclined strut 8 can be adjusted;
A3. a beam plate aluminum mold 10 is arranged on the aluminum mold 1 on the side surface of the linear shear wall, a vertical support rod 11 is arranged at the lower end of the beam plate aluminum mold 10, two ends of the vertical support rod 11 are detachably connected with the beam plate aluminum mold 10, and two ends of the vertical support rod 11 can be adjusted;
step two, paying off and building the aluminum mold 1 outside the side surface of the shear wall according to a design drawing, and building the wall, so that the surface of the building wall 12 reaches the outer surface of the I-shaped formed shear wall 13 and the reserved interval is 15-20 mm;
step three, preliminarily fixing, adjusting the height of the top end of the vertical support rod 11 according to an actual standard, rotating the diagonal support rod 8 to finely adjust the aluminum mold 1 on the side surface of the shear wall, and controlling the verticality and the flatness of the in-line formed shear wall 13 after the shear wall is poured to be 0-6 mm and 0-8 mm;
fourthly, arranging a mortar cake 14 on the surface of the masonry wall 12, plastering the surface of the masonry wall 12 according to the mortar cake 14, and controlling the verticality error to be within 0-5 mm and the levelness error to be within 0-8 mm;
step five, step two to step four, after the perpendicularity of the shear wall side aluminum mold 1 and the elevations of the shear wall side aluminum mold 1 and the beam plate aluminum mold 10 are detected through the laser plumb instrument 15, the steel tape 16 and the tower staff 17, the perpendicularity and the elevation of the shear wall side aluminum mold 1 and the beam plate aluminum mold 10 are accurately controlled through actual measurement and drawings by adjusting two ends of the inclined support rod 8 and the vertical support rod 11 respectively, and then concrete is poured into the shear wall side aluminum mold 1;
step six, standing standard concrete molding time, releasing an outer side line 2 after an aluminum mold 1 on the side surface of the shear wall is demolded, attaching a laying wall 12 by using a guiding rule 18 and measuring the verticality and the flatness of the laying wall, and then checking that the error between the outer side line 2 of the laying wall 12 and the actual outer side line 2 of the in-line molded shear wall 13 is controlled to be 0-5 mm through a laser plumb instrument 15 and a steel tape 16;
simultaneously, the guiding ruler 18 is used for controlling the integral flatness and the verticality of the masonry wall 12, the integral flatness and the verticality of the in-line formed shear wall 13 and the masonry wall 12 are checked by adopting a laser plumb line instrument 15, the guiding ruler 18 and a steel tape 16 after the masonry is finished, the thickness of a mortar cake 14 on the masonry wall 12 is adjusted according to the integral flatness and the verticality error data of the in-line formed shear wall 13 and the masonry wall 12, plastering is carried out on the other end of the masonry wall 12 from a rabbet 19 of the in-line formed shear wall 13 and the masonry wall 12, the scraping ruler 20 is used for crossing the junction of the in-line formed shear wall 13 and the masonry wall 12 in the plastering process, and the integral flatness and the verticality of the plastering surface of the in-line formed shear wall 13 and the masonry wall 12 are controlled until the plastering is finished;
and seventhly, detecting, checking and debugging the laser plumb bob instrument 15, the guiding rule 18, the steel tape 16, the scraping rule 20 and the sliding staff 17 before use, controlling the integral flatness and the verticality of the plastering surfaces of the linear formed shear wall 13 and the masonry wall 12 not to exceed the acceptance standard, and controlling and detecting until the pouring of each layer of linear formed shear wall 13 and the masonry and plastering of the masonry wall 12 are finished after the quality and stability requirements are met.
Further, the integral flatness and verticality errors of the linear forming shear wall 13 and the masonry wall 12 are not more than 4 mm.
Further, the inclined strut 8 comprises threaded holes at two ends, a handle 21 portion is mounted on the inclined strut 8, two symmetrical sets of handles 21 are arranged on the handle 21 portion, and the handles 21 are fixedly connected with the inclined strut 8.
Further, the shaping fixing member 9 includes a bending plate 22 and a fixing tube 23, the fixing tube 23 is mounted on the bending plate 22, a lower rod 24 is mounted on the fixing tube 23, an external thread is formed on the lower rod 24, the external thread is matched with the threaded hole, and the lower rod 24 is in threaded connection with the diagonal brace 8;
an upper mounting opening 7 is mounted on one side, opposite to the inclined support rod 8, of the aluminum die, an upper pipe 25 is mounted on the upper mounting opening 7, external threads are arranged outside the upper pipe 25 and are matched with the threaded holes, and the upper pipe 25 is in threaded connection with the inclined support rod 8.
Further, the in-line shaped building wall 13 is in an inverted L shape, and the corresponding position of the beam plate aluminum mold 10 is provided with a joint opening suitable for casting and molding the in-line shaped shear wall 13.
Furthermore, the surface of the masonry wall 12 is provided with a reserved space with 5-8 mm before plastering, which is suitable for later-stage plastering of a plastering surface 26 and a rabbet 19, the plastering surface 26 is provided with a notch, and the reserved space with 5-8 mm in the notch ensures that more reserved space is controlled for the rabbet 19 during later-stage plastering according to a mortar cake 14, thereby ensuring that the rabbet 19 is installed with greater rationality without later-stage chiseling;
the maximum outer extension size is effectively limited by controlling the two groups of outer side lines, the thickness of the ash cake 14 is adjusted, the plastering effect is ensured, and then the two groups of flatness are ensured by obliquely copying the scraping ruler 20.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

1. The method for controlling the flatness and the verticality of the plastering surface of the aluminum die forming shear wall and the building block is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
step one, aluminum die installation
A1. Erecting a linear shear wall side aluminum mold (1), placing a shear wall outer side line (2) outside the shear wall side aluminum mold (1), manually splicing the shear wall side aluminum mold (1) piece by piece according to the installation drawing number of the shear wall side aluminum mold (1) to form the shear wall side aluminum mold (1), installing a pin (3) at a splicing seam, forming a side mold reserved hole (4) on the shear wall side aluminum mold (1) from top to bottom, installing a square tube back edge (5) outside the side mold reserved hole (4), installing a split bolt (6) at the square tube back edge (5), and enabling the split bolt (6) to penetrate through the side mold reserved hole (4) so as to lock the square tube back edge (5) on the shear wall side aluminum mold (1);
A2. an installation opening (7) is installed on one side, back to the shear wall side aluminum mould (1), of the square tube back edge (5), an inclined strut (8) is installed in the installation opening (7), the upper end of the inclined strut (8) is rotatably connected with the installation opening (7), a shaping fixing piece (9) is installed at the bottom end of the inclined strut (8), the bottom end of the shaping fixing piece (9) is fixedly connected with the top end of a lower floor slab (10), and two ends of the inclined strut (8) can be adjusted;
A3. a beam plate aluminum mold (10) is arranged on the aluminum mold (1) on the side surface of the linear shear wall, a vertical support rod (11) is arranged at the lower end of the beam plate aluminum mold (10), two ends of the vertical support rod (11) are detachably connected with the beam plate aluminum mold (10), and two ends of the vertical support rod (11) can be adjusted;
step two, paying off and building the aluminum mold (1) on the side surface of the shear wall according to a design drawing, and building the wall, so that the surface of the building wall (12) reaches the outer surface of the formed shear wall (13) and the reserved interval is 15-20 mm;
step three, preliminarily fixing, adjusting the height of the top end of a vertical support rod (11) according to an actual standard, rotating an inclined support rod (8) to finely adjust the aluminum mould (1) on the side surface of the shear wall, and controlling the verticality and the flatness of a formed shear wall (13) after the shear wall is poured to be 0-6 mm and 0-8 mm;
fourthly, arranging a mortar cake (14) on the surface of the masonry wall (12), plastering the surface of the masonry wall (12) according to the mortar cake (14), and controlling the verticality error to be within 0-5 mm and the levelness error to be within 0-8 mm;
step five, step two to step four, after the perpendicularity of the shear wall side aluminum mold (1) and the elevations of the shear wall side aluminum mold (1) and the beam plate aluminum mold (10) are detected through a laser plumb instrument (15), a steel tape (16) and a tower ruler (17), the perpendicularity and the elevations of the shear wall side aluminum mold and the beam plate aluminum mold are accurately controlled through adjusting two ends of an inclined strut bar (8) and a vertical strut bar (11), and concrete is poured into the shear wall side aluminum mold (1);
step six, standing standard concrete molding time, releasing the outer side line (2) of the shear wall after an aluminum mold (1) on the side surface of the shear wall is demolished, using a guiding rule (18) to attach the masonry wall (12) and measuring the verticality and the flatness of the masonry wall, and then checking that the error between the outer side line (27) of the masonry wall (12) and the outer side line (2) of the shear wall (13) of the molding shear wall is controlled to be 0-5 mm through a laser plummet instrument (15) and a steel tape (16);
meanwhile, the guiding rule (18) is used for controlling the integral flatness and perpendicularity of the masonry wall (12), the integral flatness and perpendicularity of the formed shear wall (13) and the masonry wall (12) are checked by adopting a laser plummet instrument (15), the guiding rule (18) and a steel tape (16) after masonry is finished, the plastering rabbet (19) at the junction of the formed shear wall (13) and the masonry wall (12) is plastered to the other end of the masonry wall (12) after the thickness of a mortar cake (14) on the masonry wall (12) is adjusted according to the integral flatness and perpendicularity error data of the formed shear wall (13) and the masonry wall (12), the scraping rule (20) is used for crossing the junction of the formed shear wall (13) and the masonry wall (12) in the plastering process, and the integral flatness and perpendicularity of a plastering surface (26) of the formed shear wall (13) and the masonry wall (12) are controlled until plastering is finished;
and seventhly, detecting, checking and debugging the laser plumb bob instrument (15), the guiding rule (18), the steel tape (16), the scraping rule (20) and the sliding staff (17) before use, controlling the integral flatness and the verticality of the plastering surfaces (26) of the formed shear wall (13) and the masonry wall (12) not to exceed the acceptance standard, and controlling and detecting after the quality and stability requirements are met until the pouring of each layer of formed shear wall (13) and the masonry and plastering of the masonry wall (12) are finished.
2. The method for controlling the flatness and perpendicularity of the plastering surface of the aluminum die forming shear wall and the building block according to claim 1, wherein the integral flatness and perpendicularity error of the forming shear wall (13) and the masonry wall (12) is not more than 4 mm.
3. The method for controlling flatness and verticality of a plastering surface of an aluminum die-formed shear wall and a building block according to claim 1, wherein the inclined supporting rod (8) comprises threaded holes at two ends, handle parts are mounted on the inclined supporting rod (8), two groups of symmetrical handles (21) are arranged on the handle parts, and the handles (21) are fixedly connected with the inclined supporting rod (8).
4. The method for controlling the flatness and perpendicularity of the plastering surface of the aluminum die forming shear wall and the building block according to claim 1, wherein the shaping fixing piece (9) comprises a bending plate (22) and a fixing pipe (23), the fixing pipe (23) is installed on the bending plate (22), a lower rod (24) is installed on the fixing pipe (23), an external thread is formed on the lower rod (24), the external thread is matched with the threaded hole, and the lower rod (24) is in threaded connection with the inclined strut (8);
an upper rod (25) is installed on the installation opening (7), external threads are arranged outside the upper rod (25) and are matched with the threaded holes, and the upper rod (25) is in threaded connection with the inclined support rod (8).
5. The method for controlling flatness and verticality of the plastering surface of the aluminum die forming shear wall and the building blocks according to claim 1, wherein the in-line forming building wall (13) is in an inverted L shape, the corresponding position of the beam plate aluminum die (10) is provided with a joint opening, and the joint opening is suitable for pouring and forming of the forming shear wall (13).
6. The method for controlling the flatness and perpendicularity of the plastering surface of the aluminum die-formed shear wall and the building block according to claim 1, wherein the masonry wall (12) is provided with a preset space of 5-8 mm on the surface before plastering, and is suitable for later-stage plastering of the plastering surface (26) and the rabbet (19).
CN202110690916.4A 2021-06-22 2021-06-22 Method for controlling flatness and verticality of plastering surface of aluminum die forming shear wall and building block Active CN113374221B (en)

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WO1996016238A1 (en) * 1994-11-07 1996-05-30 Megawall Corporation Modular precast wall system with mortar joints
CN102561691A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-11 云南惠丰工程建设有限公司 Method for eliminating cracking of joint between fair-faced concrete shear wall and masonry
CN202787570U (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-03-13 黑龙江宇辉新型建筑材料有限公司 Prefabricated integral reinforced concrete load bearing wall
CN104234425A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-12-24 刘明瑞 Plastering omitting process for shear wall structure
US20150204085A1 (en) * 2012-08-07 2015-07-23 Nandor Koszo Wall assembly and a building structure including the wall assembly
CN206722135U (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-12-08 中建二局第二建筑工程有限公司 Shear wall and masonry wall intersection wall plaster constructing structure
CN207332299U (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-05-08 福建省南铝铝模科技有限公司 One kind building aluminum dipping form tongue and groove section bar

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996016238A1 (en) * 1994-11-07 1996-05-30 Megawall Corporation Modular precast wall system with mortar joints
CN102561691A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-11 云南惠丰工程建设有限公司 Method for eliminating cracking of joint between fair-faced concrete shear wall and masonry
US20150204085A1 (en) * 2012-08-07 2015-07-23 Nandor Koszo Wall assembly and a building structure including the wall assembly
CN202787570U (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-03-13 黑龙江宇辉新型建筑材料有限公司 Prefabricated integral reinforced concrete load bearing wall
CN104234425A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-12-24 刘明瑞 Plastering omitting process for shear wall structure
CN206722135U (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-12-08 中建二局第二建筑工程有限公司 Shear wall and masonry wall intersection wall plaster constructing structure
CN207332299U (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-05-08 福建省南铝铝模科技有限公司 One kind building aluminum dipping form tongue and groove section bar

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