CN113323477B - Assembled reinforced concrete shear force wall - Google Patents

Assembled reinforced concrete shear force wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113323477B
CN113323477B CN202110455160.5A CN202110455160A CN113323477B CN 113323477 B CN113323477 B CN 113323477B CN 202110455160 A CN202110455160 A CN 202110455160A CN 113323477 B CN113323477 B CN 113323477B
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support
steel plate
groove
wall
wall body
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CN113323477A (en
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黄勇
曹云龙
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Zhongji City Construction Co ltd
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Zhongji City Construction Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, groups of buildings or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake or extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/98Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against vibrations or shocks; against mechanical destruction, e.g. by air-raids
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Business, Economics & Management (AREA)
  • Emergency Management (AREA)
  • Buildings Adapted To Withstand Abnormal External Influences (AREA)
  • Load-Bearing And Curtain Walls (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of shear walls, in particular to an assembled reinforced concrete shear wall; comprises a supporting rod, a lower bracket, an upper bracket, a supporting plate and a triangular bracket; by arranging the lower support in a wavy manner, when an earthquake occurs, the lower support effectively disperses the force borne by the wall body, so that the force borne by the wall body is dispersed, and the earthquake resistance of the wall body is improved; the convex circular arc is arranged at the upper end of the lower steel plate, the concave circular arc is arranged at the lower end of the upper steel plate, so that the contact area between the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate is larger, when the force is applied to the upper part of the wall body and is transmitted to the lower steel plate through the upper steel plate, the force is dispersed to the two ends of the convex circular arc through the convex circular arc, then the force is integrally applied to the lower steel plate, the force is dispersed, and the force born by the lower steel plate is increased; thereby the problem that the wall body breaks and collapses among the prior art has been solved.

Description

Assembled reinforced concrete shear force wall
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of shear walls, in particular to an assembled reinforced concrete shear wall.
Background
A shear wall refers to a wall body in a building that resists horizontal shear forces; because the horizontal shear force to be resisted by a high-rise building is mainly caused by an earthquake, the shear wall is also called as an earthquake-resistant wall.
A technical scheme of an assembled reinforced concrete shear wall also appears in the prior art, for example, a chinese patent with the application number CN2016105427394 discloses a prefabricated reinforced concrete shear wall, which is used for solving the problems of large labor demand, long construction time and uneven construction quality of the shear wall in the prior art; the reinforced concrete wall comprises a reinforced concrete wall body, wherein at least one group of ribbed steel columns are arranged in the reinforced concrete wall body, and two ends of each ribbed steel column are exposed out of the reinforced concrete wall body; the rib steel column consists of a plate-shaped metal and a connecting plate, and the plate-shaped metal is provided with a plurality of empty holes and at least one rib; bolt holes are formed in two ends of the plate-shaped metal;
in the prior art, the rib steel columns, the plate-shaped metal, the connecting plates and the hollow holes are arranged, so that the rib steel columns are ensured to be the same in stress position through the plate-shaped metal, and the structure is reasonable; the shear wall main function is when taking place the earthquake, and the shear wall can play antidetonation, bradyseism and prevent function that collapses, but the shear wall of this application when using in real life, when the earthquake takes place, rib steel column and the sheet metal that this application used can play the cracked function of wall body when using, but when having multi-storey building above the shear wall, the resistance to compression that this application played is relatively poor to lead to the wall body to break and collapse when the earthquake, harm resident's personal safety even.
In view of the above, the present invention provides an assembled reinforced concrete shear wall, which solves the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up for the defects of the prior art, the shear wall solves the problems that under the condition of earthquake, the building above the wall body extrudes the wall body by gravity and is influenced by the earthquake, and the wall body is broken and collapsed; the invention provides an assembled reinforced concrete shear wall.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the assembled reinforced concrete shear wall comprises a supporting rod, a lower support, an upper support, a supporting plate and a triangular support, wherein the lower support is arranged at the lower end of the supporting rod and is wavy, first grooves are uniformly formed in two sides of the lower support, a lower steel plate is arranged in each first groove, and a second groove is formed between the two first grooves; the upper bracket is arranged at the upper end of the supporting rod, three grooves are uniformly formed in two sides of the upper bracket, an upper steel plate is arranged in each groove, and the lower end of each upper steel plate is connected with the upper end of the corresponding lower steel plate; the support plate is arranged in the second groove and is positioned at the lower side of the second groove; one end, close to the support plate, of the triangular support is uniformly arranged on the upper surface of the support plate, the triangular support is located in the second groove, the triangular support is rotatably connected between the two rectangular blocks above the support plate through a rotating shaft, and the upper end of the triangular support is rotatably connected between the two rectangular blocks on the lower surface of the upper support through the rotating shaft;
when the shear wall is used, the shear wall is a part integrally formed by arranging the support rods, the lower support and the upper support, installing the lower steel plate through the first grooves on the two sides of the lower support, installing the upper steel plate in the third grooves on the two sides of the upper support, tightly combining the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate, arranging the triangular support between the upper support and the lower support, rotatably connecting the triangular support between the two rectangular blocks above the support plates, pouring concrete above the upper steel plate by a constructor after the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate are installed, filling concrete in the area between the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate, so as to improve the shock resistance and the pressure resistance of the shear wall, arranging the lower support in a wavy manner, and effectively dispersing the force born by the lower support when a shock occurs, so as to improve the shock resistance of the wall, under the condition that no earthquake occurs, the lower support is arranged, so that the compressive capacity of the wall is improved, when the wall is applied to a high-rise building, the bearing capacity of the wall is stronger, the triangular support is arranged between the upper support and the lower support, the triangular support is rotatably connected to the upper end surface of the support plate, the lower side part of the triangular support is positioned in the second groove of the lower support, when an earthquake occurs, the triangular support is positioned in the second groove, the inner wall of the second groove supports the triangular support, the triangular support is prevented from being bent and broken to cause the wall to be broken, the triangular support is rotatably connected above the support plate, when the earthquake intensity is too high, the wall is bent, the concrete in the wall vibrates, the triangular support plays a role in supporting the concrete, the phenomenon that the vibration amplitude of the concrete in the wall is larger is avoided, and when the vibration amplitude of the concrete exceeds the supporting force of the triangular support, the triangular support is influenced by concrete vibration, vibrates in the wall body and is connected to the supporting plate in a rotating mode, and the triangular support has a slight swinging space on the supporting plate, so that the rigidity of the triangular support is reduced, the probability of direct fracture of the triangular support is reduced, the seismic capacity of the wall body is improved, and the problem that the wall body is fractured and collapsed in the prior art is solved.
Preferably, each triangular support is in an equilateral triangle shape; a rubber layer is arranged on the inner wall of the second groove; when the lower steel plate is installed in the first groove, the friction force between the lower steel plate and the inner wall of the first groove is increased;
when in use, the triangular support is in the shape of an equilateral triangle, when an earthquake occurs, the triangular support is matched with the lower support, when the pressure above the wall is transmitted to the triangular support, the triangular support enables the force to be fully transmitted to the ground, thereby reducing the damage of pressure to the wall body, and the equilateral triangle is called as the most stable structure, when in normal use, the triangular support makes the supporting force of the wall body stronger, thereby the triangular bracket has better using effect when in use, thereby improving the using efficiency of the triangular bracket, when the wall body vibrates, the wall body is stressed to swing left and right, the vertex of the triangular support is supported on the support plate, the force applied to the wall body by the triangular support is dispersed to two ends of the vertex angle, the force applied to the wall body is dispersed to the support plate, therefore, the condition that the two sides of the wall body collapse is avoided, and the problem that the wall body is broken and collapsed in the prior art is solved.
Preferably, the upper end of the lower steel plate is uniformly provided with convex arcs, the lower end of the upper steel plate is uniformly provided with concave arcs, and the upper steel plate is tightly combined with the lower steel plate;
when the earthquake-resistant wall is used, when the wall is stressed by a building above the earthquake-resistant wall, the wall is bent and broken, the convex circular arc is arranged at the upper end of the lower steel plate, the concave circular arc is arranged at the lower end of the upper steel plate, so that the contact area between the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate is larger, and the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate are not easy to move left and right, when the building above the wall extrudes the wall and is matched with the convex circular arc at the upper end of the lower steel plate and the concave circular arc at the lower end of the upper steel plate, when the force is applied to the upper part of the wall, the force is transmitted to the lower steel plate through the upper steel plate, the force received by the upper steel plate is dispersed at the contact point of the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate, the force is dispersed to the two ends of the convex circular arc by the convex circular arc, and then the lower steel plate is integrally stressed to disperse the force, the lower steel plate can increase the bearing capacity and the earthquake resistance of the wall, thereby the problem that the wall body is broken and collapsed in the prior art is solved.
Preferably, the surface of the upper bracket is uniformly provided with a first hole, and the cross section of the first hole is hexagonal;
when the earthquake-proof wall is used, when a wall body is stressed, the upper support is in contact with a building above the wall body, the upper building applies gravity to the upper support, then the force above the upper support is transmitted into the upper steel plate and concrete below the upper support, the first hole is uniformly formed in the surface of the upper support and is in a hexagon shape, when an earthquake occurs, the building above the wall body extrudes the upper support to stress the upper support, when the upper support is stressed and is in contact with the first hole, the force borne by the upper support is dispersed on the first hole, the first hole uniformly disperses the force to all parts of the upper support, so that the whole upper support is stressed, the bearing force of the upper support is increased, and when the earthquake occurs, the stress direction of the wall body is increased, the tensile capacity of the upper support is increased through the first hole, so that the upper support is not easy to break, and the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate are not easy to break, thereby the problem of bending fracture appears in the wall body among the above-mentioned prior art has been solved.
Preferably, sliding blocks are fixedly connected to two sides of the support plate, a sliding groove is formed in the inner wall of the second groove, and the sliding blocks are connected in the sliding groove in a sliding manner;
when the earthquake-proof wall is used, when the force generated during earthquake is large, the force applied to the wall is large, the upper support is extruded by a building above the wall, then the force is transmitted into the wall through the upper support, the sliding grooves are formed in the inner sides of the lower supports, the sliding blocks are arranged on two sides of each support plate, when the force is transmitted into the wall, concrete in the wall is cracked, the inner part of the wall swings along with the cracking of the concrete, when the force is transmitted onto the triangular supports, the force in the wall is larger than the supporting capacity of the triangular supports, the triangular supports swing on the support plates, the force applied to the triangular supports is dispersed, when the triangular supports swing on the support plates, the support rods are positioned on the front side and the rear side of the second groove, the support rods do not block the horizontal two ends of the support plates, when the earthquake amplitude is large, the concrete in the wall cracks and breaks, and the concrete vibrates in the wall, the concrete pushes the A-frame, and power transmits No. two inslots through the lower carriage, and crackle and breakage appear in No. two inslots 'concrete, and the A-frame receives the concrete vibrations to promote, drives the extension board and pushes No. two inslots's concrete extrusion, makes the extension board carry out slight slip in No. two inslots to improve the inside toughness of wall body, thereby avoided the cracked condition of wall body emergence, thereby solved the cracked problem of wall body among the above-mentioned prior art.
Preferably, a fourth groove is formed in the lower end face of the upper steel plate, and a first block is arranged on the upper end face of the lower steel plate; when the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate are attached, the first block enters the fourth groove;
when the earthquake-proof wall is used, when the force generated by an earthquake is large, the force received by the wall body is large, the damage to the wall body caused by the force is large, the four grooves are formed at the lower end of the upper steel plate, the first block is arranged at the upper end of the lower steel plate, the first block and the four grooves are tightly combined, when the wall body vibrates, the wall body is subjected to moment force action, the first block and the second block are matched, the stress of the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate is avoided, the phenomenon of cracking between the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate is caused, the four grooves and the first block are arranged, when the force received by the wall body is large, the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate are enabled to support the wall body, the upper steel plate and the lower steel plate are integrated, the stress action of the wall body is enhanced, the compression resistance and the earthquake resistance of the wall body are improved, and the problem of bending and cracking of the wall body in the prior art is solved.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the invention relates to an assembled reinforced concrete shear wall, which is characterized in that a lower support, an upper support, a support plate and a triangular support are arranged; through making the lower carriage be wavy setting, when the earthquake takes place, the effectual power that makes the wall body bear of lower carriage disperses to the power that makes the wall body receive disperses, thereby has improved the shock resistance of wall body, has solved the problem that the fracture collapsed among the above-mentioned prior art wall body appears.
2. The assembled reinforced concrete shear wall is provided with the convex circular arcs and the concave circular arcs; through set up convex circular arc in steel sheet upper end down, set up concave circular arc at last steel sheet lower extreme, make the area of contact of going up steel sheet and lower steel sheet bigger, when carrying out the atress above the wall body, when the power is transmitted lower steel sheet through last steel sheet, convex circular arc makes power dispersion to the both ends of convex circular arc, and the whole atress of steel sheet down makes afterwards, disperses the power, the power that lower steel sheet can bear increases, thereby the bearing capacity and the shock resistance of wall body have been improved, thereby the problem that the wall body breaks and collapses among the above-mentioned prior art has been solved.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the lower brace and plate of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a structural view of an upper bracket in the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at A;
in the figure: the support rod 1, the lower support 11, the first groove 111, the lower steel plate 112, the second groove 113, the upper support 12, the third groove 121, the upper steel plate 122, the first hole 123, the sliding groove 124, the support plate 13, the rectangular block 131, the sliding block 132, the triangular support 14, the convex arc 2, the concave arc 21, the fourth groove 22 and the first block 23.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the fabricated reinforced concrete shear wall comprises a supporting rod 1, a lower support 11, an upper support 12, a supporting plate 13 and a triangular support 14, wherein the lower support 11 is arranged at the lower end of the supporting rod 1, the lower support 11 is wavy, first grooves 111 are uniformly formed in two sides of the lower support 11, lower steel plates 112 are arranged in the first grooves 111, and a second groove 113 is formed between the first grooves 111; the upper bracket 12 is arranged at the upper end of the support rod 1, three grooves 121 are uniformly formed in two sides of the upper bracket 12, an upper steel plate 122 is arranged in each groove 121, and the lower end of each upper steel plate 122 is connected with the upper end of the lower steel plate 112; the support plate 13 is arranged in the second groove 113 and is positioned at the lower side of the second groove 113; one end of the triangular bracket 14 close to the support plate 13 is uniformly arranged on the upper surface of the support plate 13, the triangular bracket 14 is positioned in the second groove 113, the triangular bracket 14 is rotatably connected between two rectangular blocks 131 above the support plate 13 through a rotating shaft, and the upper end of the triangular bracket 14 is rotatably connected between the two rectangular blocks 131 on the lower surface of the upper bracket 12 through the rotating shaft;
when in use, the shear wall is a part of the integral shear wall, the support rod 1, the lower support 11 and the upper support 12 are arranged, the lower steel plate 112 is arranged in the first groove 111 at two sides of the lower support 11, the upper steel plate 122 is arranged in the third groove 121 at two sides of the upper support 12, the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are tightly combined, the triangular support 14 is arranged between the upper support 12 and the lower support 11, the triangular support 14 is rotatably connected between the two rectangular blocks 131 above the support plate 13, after the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are arranged, a constructor fills the area between the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 with concrete by pouring the concrete above the upper steel plate 122, so as to improve the shock resistance and the pressure resistance of the shear wall, the lower support 11 is arranged in a wavy shape, and the lower support 11 is positioned in the concrete, when a shock happens, the lower support 11 effectively disperses the force born by the wall, therefore, the earthquake resistance of the wall body is improved, under the condition that an earthquake does not occur, the compression resistance of the wall body is improved through the lower support 11, when the wall body is applied to a high-rise building, the bearing capacity of the wall body is stronger, the triangular support 14 is arranged between the upper support 12 and the lower support 11, the triangular support 14 is rotatably connected to the upper end surface of the support plate 13, the lower side part of the triangular support 14 is positioned in the second groove 113 of the lower support 11, when the earthquake occurs, the triangular support 14 is positioned in the second groove 113, the inner wall of the second groove 113 plays a supporting role for the triangular support 14, the wall body is prevented from being broken due to bending fracture of the triangular support 14, when the earthquake strength is too high, the wall body is bent, the concrete in the wall body vibrates, the triangular support 14 plays a supporting role for the concrete, and the large amplitude of the concrete in the wall body is prevented, when the vibration amplitude of the concrete exceeds the supporting force of the triangular support 14, the triangular support 14 is influenced by the vibration of the concrete, the triangular support 14 vibrates in the wall, the triangular support 14 is rotatably connected to the supporting plate 13, and the triangular support 14 has a slight swinging space on the supporting plate 13, so that the rigidity of the triangular support 14 is reduced, the probability of direct fracture of the triangular support 14 is reduced, the seismic capacity of the wall is improved, and the problem that the wall is fractured and collapsed in the prior art is solved.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, each of the triangular supports 14 is in an equilateral triangle shape; a rubber layer is arranged on the inner wall of the second groove 113; when the lower steel plate 112 is installed in the first groove 111, the friction force between the lower steel plate 112 and the inner wall of the first groove 111 is increased;
when in use, the triangular support 14 is in the shape of an equilateral triangle, when an earthquake occurs, the triangular support 14 is matched with the lower support 11, when pressure above the wall is transmitted to the triangular support 14, the force is sufficiently transmitted to the ground by the triangular support 14, so that the damage of the pressure to the wall is reduced, the equilateral triangle is called as the most stable structure, when in normal use, the supporting force of the wall is stronger by the triangular support 14, so that the using effect of the triangular support 14 is better when the triangular support 14 is used, the using efficiency of the triangular support 14 is improved, when the wall vibrates, the wall is stressed to swing left and right, the vertex of the triangular support 14 is supported on the support plate 13, the force applied to the wall is dispersed to two ends of the vertex angle by the triangular support 14, so that the force applied to the wall is dispersed to the support plate 13, and the situation that the two sides of the wall collapse occurs is avoided, thereby the problem that the wall body is broken and collapsed in the prior art is solved.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, convex arcs 2 are uniformly arranged at the upper ends of the lower steel plates 112, concave arcs 21 are uniformly arranged at the lower ends of the upper steel plates 122, and the upper steel plates 122 are tightly combined with the lower steel plates 112;
when the earthquake-proof building is used, when the wall body is stressed by a building above the earthquake-proof building, the wall body is bent and broken, the convex circular arc 2 is arranged at the upper end of the lower steel plate 112, the concave circular arc 21 is arranged at the lower end of the upper steel plate 122, so that the contact area between the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 is larger, and the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are not easy to move left and right, when the building above the wall body extrudes the wall body when the earthquake-proof building occurs, the convex circular arc 2 at the upper end of the lower steel plate 112 is matched with the concave circular arc 21 at the lower end of the upper steel plate 122, when the stress is applied above the wall body, the force is transmitted to the lower steel plate 112 through the upper steel plate 122, the force received by the upper steel plate 122 is dispersed at the contact point of the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112, the convex circular arc 2 enables the force to be dispersed to the two ends of the convex circular arc 2, then the lower steel plate 112 is wholly stressed, the force is dispersed, and the force can be dispersed, and the lower steel plate 112 is increased, thereby improving the bearing capacity and the shock resistance of the wall body and solving the problem that the wall body is broken and collapsed in the prior art.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, the first holes 123 are uniformly formed on the surface of the upper bracket 12, and the cross section of each first hole 123 is hexagonal;
when the earthquake-proof wall is used, when a wall body is stressed, the upper support 12 is in contact with a building above the wall body, the building above the wall body applies gravity to the upper support 12, then the force above the upper support 12 is transmitted into the upper steel plate 122 and concrete below the upper support 12, the first hole 123 is uniformly formed in the surface of the upper support 12, the first hole 123 is hexagonal, when an earthquake occurs, the building above the wall body extrudes the upper support 12, the upper support 12 is stressed, when the upper support 12 is stressed, the force borne by the upper support 12 is dispersed on the first hole 123 when the upper support 12 is in contact with the first hole 123, the first hole 123 uniformly disperses the force to all parts of the upper support 12, so that the whole upper support 12 is stressed, the bearing force of the upper support 12 is increased, and by the first hole 123, when the earthquake occurs, the stress direction of the wall body is increased, the tensile capacity of the upper support 12 is increased through the first hole 123, therefore, the upper bracket 12 is not easily broken, and the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are not easily broken, thereby solving the problem of bending and breaking of the wall body in the prior art.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, two sides of the support plate 13 are fixedly connected, a sliding groove 124 is formed on an inner wall of the second groove 113, and the sliding block 132 is slidably connected in the sliding groove 124;
when the earthquake-proof support plate is used, when the force generated during earthquake is large, the force applied to the wall is large, the building above the wall extrudes the upper support 12, then the force is transmitted into the wall through the upper support 12, the sliding grooves 124 are formed in the inner side of the lower support 11, the sliding blocks 132 are arranged on two sides of the support plate 13, when the force is transmitted into the wall, the concrete in the wall cracks, the inner part of the wall swings along with the concrete cracks, when the force is transmitted onto the triangular support plate 14, the force in the wall is larger than the supporting capacity of the triangular support plate 14, the triangular support plate 14 swings on the support plate 13, so that the force applied to the triangular support plate 14 is dispersed, when the triangular support plate 14 swings on the support plate 13, the support rods 1 are positioned on the front side and the rear side of the second groove 113, the support rods 1 do not block the horizontal two ends of the support plate 13, and when the earthquake amplitude is large, the concrete in the wall cracks and breaks, the concrete shakes in the wall body, the concrete extrudees the promotion to A-frame 14, and power transmits No. two inslots 113 through lower carriage 11, crackle and breakage appear in the concrete in No. two inslots 113, A-frame 14 is promoted by the concrete vibrations, it extrudees the promotion to the concrete in No. two inslots 113 to drive slider 132 on the extension board 13, make extension board 13 carry out slight slip in No. two inslots 113, thereby the inside toughness of wall body has been improved, thereby the cracked condition of wall body emergence has been avoided, thereby the cracked problem of wall body among the above-mentioned prior art has been solved.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, a fourth groove 22 is formed on the lower end surface of the upper steel plate 122, and a first block 23 is arranged on the upper end surface of the lower steel plate 112; when the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are attached, the first block 23 enters the fourth groove 22;
when in use, when the force generated by earthquake is larger, the force applied to the wall is larger, so that the wall is more damaged by the force, and the four-number groove 22 is arranged at the lower end of the upper steel plate 122, a first block 23 is arranged at the upper end of the lower steel plate 112, so that the first block 23 is tightly combined with a fourth groove 22, when the wall body vibrates, the wall body is subjected to bending moment force, the first block 23 is matched with the second block, the phenomenon that the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are cracked due to the stress of the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 is avoided, and the fourth groove 22 and the first block 23 are arranged, when the wall is subjected to a large force, the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 support the wall, the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 form a whole, therefore, the stress action of the wall body is enhanced, the compression resistance and the shock resistance of the wall body are improved, and the problem of bending and breaking of the wall body in the prior art is solved.
The specific working process is as follows:
by arranging the support rod 1, the lower support 11 and the upper support 12, installing the lower steel plate 112 through the first groove 111 on both sides of the lower support 11, installing the upper steel plate 122 in the third groove 121 on both sides of the upper support 12, tightly combining the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112, arranging the triangular support 14 between the upper support 12 and the lower support 11, rotatably connecting the triangular support 14 to the support plate 13, pouring concrete between the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 after the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are installed, filling the area between the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 with concrete, thereby improving the shear wall and the compression resistance, and by arranging the lower support 11 in a wavy shape and positioning the lower support 11 in the concrete, when an earthquake occurs, the lower support 11 effectively disperses the earthquake resistance born by the wall, thereby improving the shear wall, and under the condition that the earthquake does not occur, the lower support 11 improves the pressure resistance of the wall body, so that the bearing capacity of the wall body is stronger when the wall body is applied to a high-rise building, by arranging the triangular bracket 14 between the upper bracket 12 and the lower bracket 11, the triangular bracket 14 is rotatably connected with the upper end surface of the support plate 13, the lower part of the triangular bracket 14 is positioned in the second groove 113 of the lower bracket 11, when an earthquake occurs, the triangular support 14 is positioned in the second groove 113, the inner wall of the second groove 113 plays a supporting role for the triangular support 14, the triangular support 14 is prevented from being bent and broken to cause the wall to be broken, and the triangular support 14 is rotatably connected above the support plate 13, when the earthquake intensity is too high, the wall body is bent, the triangular support 14 bends along with the wall body, the triangular support 14 slightly rotates, the vibration frequency of the wall body is reduced, thereby improving the shock resistance of the wall body and solving the problem that the wall body is broken and collapsed in the prior art; when an earthquake occurs, when the wall body is stressed by a building above, the wall body is bent and broken, the convex circular arc 2 is arranged at the upper end of the lower steel plate 112, the concave circular arc 21 is arranged at the lower end of the upper steel plate 122, so that the contact area between the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 is larger, and the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112 are not easy to move left and right, when the earthquake occurs, when the building above the wall body extrudes the wall body, the convex circular arc 2 at the upper end of the lower steel plate 112 is matched with the concave circular arc 21 at the lower end of the upper steel plate 122, when the force is applied above the wall body, the force is transmitted to the lower steel plate 112 through the upper steel plate 122, the force received by the upper steel plate 122 is dispersed at the contact point of the upper steel plate 122 and the lower steel plate 112, the convex circular arc 2 enables the force to be dispersed to the two ends of the convex circular arc 2, then the lower steel plate 112 is integrally stressed to disperse the force, the force can be increased, and the force borne by the lower steel plate 112 is increased, thereby improving the bearing capacity and the shock resistance of the wall body, thereby the problem that the wall body is broken and collapsed in the prior art is solved.
The front, the back, the left, the right, the upper and the lower are all based on figure 1 in the attached drawings of the specification, according to the standard of the observation angle of a person, the side of the device facing an observer is defined as the front, the left side of the observer is defined as the left, and the like.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
Finally, it should be pointed out that: the above examples are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention, and are not limited thereto. Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without making any inventive step are within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an assembled reinforced concrete shear force wall which characterized in that: the supporting rod comprises a supporting rod (1), a lower support (11), an upper support (12), a supporting plate (13) and a triangular support (14), wherein the lower support (11) is arranged at the lower end of the supporting rod (1), the lower support (11) is wavy, first grooves (111) are uniformly formed in two sides of the lower support (11), a lower steel plate (112) is arranged in each first groove (111), and a second groove (113) is formed between every two first grooves (111); the upper support (12) is arranged at the upper end of the support rod (1), three grooves (121) are uniformly formed in two sides of the upper support (12), an upper steel plate (122) is arranged in each groove (121), and the lower end of each upper steel plate (122) is connected with the upper end of the corresponding lower steel plate (112); the support plate (13) is arranged in the second groove (113) and is positioned at the lower side of the second groove (113); the utility model discloses a supporting plate, including a triangular support (14), two rectangle blocks (131) and a triangular support (14), the upper surface at extension board (13) is evenly set up in triangular support (14), triangular support (14) are located No. two groove (113), and triangular support (14) rotate through the pivot and connect between two rectangle blocks (131) of extension board (13) top, and triangular support (14) rotate with extension board (13) and are connected, triangular support (14) upper end is rotated through the pivot and is connected between two rectangle blocks (131) of upper bracket (12) lower surface.
2. An assembled reinforced concrete shear wall as defined in claim 1, wherein: each triangular support (14) is in an equilateral triangle shape, and a rubber layer is arranged on the inner wall of the second groove (113); when the lower steel plate (112) is installed in the first groove (111), the friction force between the lower steel plate (112) and the inner wall of the first groove (111) is increased.
3. An assembled reinforced concrete shear wall as defined in claim 2, wherein: the upper end of lower steel sheet (112) evenly is provided with protruding circular arc (2), the lower extreme of going up steel sheet (122) evenly is provided with concave circular arc (21), go up steel sheet (122) and lower steel sheet (112) close coupling.
4. An assembled reinforced concrete shear wall as defined in claim 3, wherein: a first hole (123) is uniformly formed in the upper support (12), and the cross section of the first hole (123) is hexagonal.
5. An assembled reinforced concrete shear wall according to claim 4, wherein: the two sides of the support plate (13) are fixedly connected with sliding blocks (132), the inner wall of the second groove (113) is provided with a sliding groove (124), and the sliding blocks (132) are connected in the sliding groove (124) in a sliding mode.
6. An assembled reinforced concrete shear wall according to claim 5, wherein: a fourth groove (22) is formed in the lower end face of the upper steel plate (122), and a first block (23) is arranged on the upper end face of the lower steel plate (112); when the upper steel plate (122) is attached to the lower steel plate (112), the first block (23) enters the fourth groove (22).
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FR2596444B1 (en) * 1986-04-01 1990-07-13 Cogema REMOVABLE PARTITION AND RESISTANT TO EARTHQUAKES
JP6171596B2 (en) * 2013-06-07 2017-08-02 新日鐵住金株式会社 Wall panels
CN105926800A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-09-07 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Industrialized building partition wall beneficial for structural seismic resistance
CN106013516B (en) * 2016-07-12 2019-03-12 中国建筑第七工程局有限公司 A kind of precast reinforced concrete shear wall
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CN108797842B (en) * 2018-04-28 2020-05-08 浙江大学宁波理工学院 Anti-seismic shear wall and construction method thereof
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