CN113274583A - Injection management system with multi-parameter configuration - Google Patents

Injection management system with multi-parameter configuration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113274583A
CN113274583A CN202110579984.3A CN202110579984A CN113274583A CN 113274583 A CN113274583 A CN 113274583A CN 202110579984 A CN202110579984 A CN 202110579984A CN 113274583 A CN113274583 A CN 113274583A
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infusion
state
liquid medicine
processing module
threshold value
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CN113274583B (en
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李葆华
金姬延
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Peking University Third Hospital Peking University Third Clinical Medical College
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Peking University Third Hospital Peking University Third Clinical Medical College
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16804Flow controllers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16831Monitoring, detecting, signalling or eliminating infusion flow anomalies
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16831Monitoring, detecting, signalling or eliminating infusion flow anomalies
    • A61M5/1684Monitoring, detecting, signalling or eliminating infusion flow anomalies by detecting the amount of infusate remaining, e.g. signalling end of infusion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16877Adjusting flow; Devices for setting a flow rate
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16886Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body for measuring fluid flow rate, i.e. flowmeters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16886Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body for measuring fluid flow rate, i.e. flowmeters
    • A61M5/1689Drip counters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/18General characteristics of the apparatus with alarm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/33Controlling, regulating or measuring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/60General characteristics of the apparatus with identification means

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Hematology (AREA)
  • Vascular Medicine (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Anesthesiology (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Fluid Mechanics (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Infusion, Injection, And Reservoir Apparatuses (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to an injection management system with multi-parameter configuration, which at least comprises: the monitoring module is used for monitoring the dropping state of the liquid medicine; a processing module capable of calculating infusion related parameters; a display module for outputting basic information and/or related parameters; and the operation module is used for controlling the start and stop of the system and the input of information. The monitoring module and/or the processing module can at least acquire a standardized droplet landing image according to the landing state of the droplets, and the processing module can at least calculate a recommended value related to the infusion state parameter and/or based on the infusion state parameter based on the droplet landing image and at least according to the physicochemical properties of the liquid medicine and/or the infusion apparatus specification. The intelligent medical dripping speed measuring system adopts an intelligent mode, improves the working mode of medical staff, improves the accuracy or precision of dripping speed measurement, improves the utilization efficiency of the medical staff, has strong universality, can realize multi-party management, and improves the management efficiency and quality.

Description

Injection management system with multi-parameter configuration
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical auxiliary equipment, in particular to an injection management system with multi-parameter configuration.
Background
Venous transfusion is one of the most common nursing contents in clinic, in the transfusion process, a nurse needs to regularly patrol the transfusion dripping speed to ensure the medicine transfusion speed, and regularly patrol the transfusion completion condition to timely replace the transfusion or finish the venous transfusion, so that the venous transfusion is one of the most heavy work contents in the clinical nursing work.
In the process of the prior infusion patrol, most of the measurement methods of nurses on the infusion dropping speed are manual measurement methods, and infusion pumps are used for infusion when accurate infusion is needed. The manual measurement of the infusion dropping speed has larger measurement error, but the infusion pump is used for all the infusion, so that the medical expenditure of patients is increased, and the cumbersome infusion pump also causes inconvenience in the using process of nurses. In clinic, a transfusion dripping speed measuring tool which is accurate, convenient and quick and has low cost is needed.
CN209916927U discloses a portable self-locking type infusion speed of dripping caliber, which comprises a housin, a display screen, monitoring module, self-locking mechanism, electron trick lock and processing chip, wherein the casing back is equipped with the drip chamber groove, electron trick lock and display screen setting are positive at the casing, still be equipped with alarm lamp and switch on the casing in addition, monitoring module establishes at the drip chamber inslot, including infra-red transmitter and infrared receiver, self-locking mechanism includes two pairs of step motor and push rod, establish both sides about the drip chamber inslot, step motor is connected with the push rod, the top of push rod faces the card hole that the drip chamber inslot set up, processing chip sets up inside the casing, monitoring module, the electron trick lock, a display screen, step motor, alarm lamp and switch all are connected with processing chip electricity, supply power through chargeable source. The invention is used for measuring the dropping speed of the liquid medicine during the transfusion, can visually display the dropping speed, and can also be self-locked after being started to prevent the dropping speed from being taken down and lost by mistake.
CN107812275A discloses a dripping speed measuring method and device, the method includes: detecting a dripping speed button included in a dripping speed input interface in real time; and determining the dropping speed value of the patient dropping according to the clicking operation of clicking the dropping speed button by the user. The invention provides a dropping speed input interface for a user on a mobile phone or a palm computer and other terminals, the user clicks a dropping speed button in the dropping speed input interface along with the dropping of the patient, and the dropping speed value of the patient is automatically determined according to the clicking time and the clicking times of the user clicking the dropping speed button. The dripping speed value of the drip of the patient is automatically determined by simulating and clicking the dripping speed button at the terminal by the user, so that the manual intervention components in the dripping speed measuring process are greatly reduced, the efficiency and the accuracy of the dripping speed measurement and input are improved, great convenience is brought to the user, and the working efficiency of the user is improved. The accuracy of the measured dropping speed value is high, thereby improving the referential performance of the measured dropping speed value in the treatment process of patients.
CN109621090B discloses a device for measuring the dropping speed of an infusion tube, which is provided with an antenna and a processor, and transmits incident microwaves to liquid drops in a drip cup through the antenna, and receives reflected waves reflected by the liquid drops, and the processor judges the falling of the liquid drops by using the doppler effect according to the incident microwaves and the reflected waves, and measures the number of the liquid drops dropping in the infusion tube in unit time through the method, so as to obtain a more accurate dropping speed measurement result. In addition, the infusion tube dripping speed measuring device provided by the invention is arranged on an infusion tube, can be arranged at the upper part or the lower part of a drip cup, has low requirements on whether the drip cup is inclined or not and on installation and adjustment, is suitable for various types of drip cups, and has the advantages of safety in use, accuracy in measurement and small structure.
Although the dripping speed measuring device provided by the prior art can measure and calculate the dripping speed of infusion to a certain extent, the problems of low intellectualization degree, no universality and single function of the used device still exist, secondly, the accuracy and precision of most devices are low, the measuring and calculating efficiency is low, the image acquisition process is ideal, and furthermore, the operation of medical personnel wastes time and labor, the infusion supervision and management of a plurality of patients cannot be realized, and the like. Thus, there remains a need in the art for at least one or several aspects of improvement.
Furthermore, on the one hand, due to the differences in understanding to the person skilled in the art; on the other hand, since the inventor has studied a lot of documents and patents when making the present invention, but the space is not limited to the details and contents listed in the above, however, the present invention is by no means free of the features of the prior art, but the present invention has been provided with all the features of the prior art, and the applicant reserves the right to increase the related prior art in the background.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides an injection management system with multi-parameter configuration, which is directed to solving at least one or more of the problems of the prior art.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides an injection management system with multi-parameter configuration, at least comprising: the monitoring module is used for monitoring the dropping state of the liquid medicine; a processing module capable of calculating infusion related parameters; a display module for the output of basic information and/or calculation data; and the operation module is used for controlling the start and stop of the system and the input of information.
Preferably, the monitoring module and/or the processing module can acquire a standardized droplet dropping image at least according to the specific form of the droplet, and/or the vibration form when the droplet is dropped on the liquid medicine surface, and/or the fluctuation condition of the liquid medicine surface, and/or the liquid state of the inner wall surface of the Morse dropper, and the processing module can calculate the recommended value of the infusion state parameter and/or the infusion state parameter at least according to the physicochemical property of the liquid medicine and/or the infusion apparatus specification based on the droplet dropping image.
Preferably, the monitoring module scans an identification code on a patient infusion bag to obtain corresponding drug information and/or infusion information in an infusion patrol column, the processing module determines physicochemical properties of the liquid medicine based on the obtained corresponding identification code and calculates infusion state parameters according to the corresponding physicochemical properties, and the processing module updates the patient personal file in the cloud server with the calculation result of the infusion state parameters in a mode corresponding to the patient.
Preferably, the obtaining of the drug information is realized by querying a patient database through a processing module in a manner of being associated with the personal data of the corresponding patient, the processing module determines the state of the drug liquid to be input based on the drug information, wherein when the drug liquid to be input is in a transparent state X, the processing module determines a basic pixel threshold value P corresponding to a pixel value formed by the current drug liquid in the droplet landing image according to a preset typical transparent state drug liquid pixel value1When the liquid medicine to be input is in the non-transparent state X', the processing module determines a basic pixel threshold value P corresponding to a pixel value formed by the current liquid medicine in the liquid drop image according to a preset typical non-transparent state liquid medicine pixel value1', wherein the base pixel threshold value P corresponds to a transparent state1Different from the base pixel threshold value P corresponding to the opaque state1’。
Preferably, the processing module calculates a white image total pixel value R representative of the liquid occupation area based on the image acquired for calculating the threshold value characterizing the droplet landing statewAnd according to the total pixel value R of the white imagewAnd a first pixel threshold value P1And/or a second pixel threshold value P2The first pixel threshold value P is used for screening state images representing the states before and after the liquid medicine drops in different states are dripped, and accordingly determining and recording corresponding actual dripping events1For characterizing the state of the drop not in contact with the liquid surface, a second threshold value P2For characterizing the condition when the level jitter exceeds a predetermined value.
Preferably, the camera of the monitoring module scans the identification code on the patient infusion bag to obtain the corresponding drug information and further determine that the liquid medicine state is the transparent low-density state XhThe injection management system can then obtain a first threshold value P of pixels for characterizing the droplet landing state1hAnd/or a second pixel threshold value P2hWherein, the characteristic of the dropping state of the liquid drop is completed by judging the vibration state between the liquid drop and the liquid level by the monitoring module, and the monitoring module can at least judge the vibration state according to RwAnd P1LAnd P2LThe standardized droplet landing image is obtained according to the relationship between the droplet landing image and the infusion state parameter under the state and/or the recommended value based on the infusion state parameter is calculated by the processing module according to a formula based on the standardized droplet landing image.
Preferably, the camera of the monitoring module scans the identification code on the patient infusion bag to obtain the corresponding drug information and further determine that the liquid medicine state is the transparent medium density state XmThe injection management system can then obtain a first threshold value P of pixels for characterizing the droplet landing state1mAnd/or a second pixel threshold value P2mWherein, the characteristic of the dropping state of the liquid drop is completed by judging the vibration state between the liquid drop and the liquid level by the monitoring module, and the monitoring module can at least judge the vibration state according to RwAnd P1mAnd P2mThe standardized droplet landing image is obtained according to the relation between the two, and the processing module calculates the transfusion shape in the state according to a formula based on the standardized droplet landing imageA state parameter and/or a recommended value based on an infusion state parameter.
Preferably, the camera of the monitoring module scans the identification code on the patient infusion bag to obtain the corresponding drug information and further determine that the liquid medicine state is the transparent high-density state XhThe injection management system can then obtain a first threshold value P of pixels for characterizing the droplet landing state1hAnd/or a second pixel threshold value P2hWherein, the characteristic of the dropping state of the liquid drop is completed by judging the vibration state between the liquid drop and the liquid level by the monitoring module, and the monitoring module can at least judge the vibration state according to RwAnd P1hAnd P2hThe standardized droplet landing image is obtained according to the relationship between the droplet landing image and the infusion state parameter under the state and/or the recommended value based on the infusion state parameter is calculated by the processing module according to a formula based on the standardized droplet landing image.
Preferably, the camera of the monitoring module scans the identification code on the patient infusion bag to obtain the corresponding drug information and further determine that the liquid medicine state is the non-transparent low-density state XL' then, the injection management system can obtain a first pixel threshold value P for characterizing the droplet landing state1L' and/or a second pixel threshold value P2L' wherein the characterizing the droplet landing state is accomplished by the monitoring module determining a vibrational state between the droplet and the liquid surface, the monitoring module capable of at least one of R and RwAnd P1L' and P2L' obtaining a standardized droplet landing image, and calculating the transfusion state parameter in the state and/or the recommended value based on the transfusion state parameter according to a formula by the processing module based on the standardized droplet landing image.
Preferably, the camera of the monitoring module scans the identification code on the patient infusion bag to obtain the corresponding drug information and further determine that the liquid medicine state is the non-transparent medium density state Xm' then, the injection management system can obtain a first pixel threshold value P for characterizing the droplet landing state1m' and/or a second pixel threshold value P2m' wherein the characterizing of the droplet landing state is accomplished by the monitoring module determining a vibrational state between the droplet and the liquid surface, the monitoring module at leastCan be based on RwAnd P1m' and P2m' obtaining a standardized droplet landing image, and calculating the transfusion state parameter in the state and/or the recommended value based on the transfusion state parameter according to a formula by the processing module based on the standardized droplet landing image.
Preferably, the camera of the monitoring module scans the identification code on the patient infusion bag to obtain the corresponding drug information and further determine that the liquid medicine state is the non-transparent high-density state Xh' then, the injection management system can obtain a first pixel threshold value P for characterizing the droplet landing state1h' and/or a second pixel threshold value P2h' wherein the characterizing the droplet landing state is accomplished by the monitoring module determining a vibrational state between the droplet and the liquid surface, the monitoring module capable of at least one of R and RwAnd P1h' and P2h' obtaining a standardized droplet landing image, and calculating the transfusion state parameter in the state and/or the recommended value based on the transfusion state parameter according to a formula by the processing module based on the standardized droplet landing image.
Preferably, the transparent low density state X can be characterizedLThe first pixel threshold value corresponding to the pixel value formed by the liquid medicine in the drop image is P1LAnd a second pixel threshold value P2LIs less than the interval capable of characterizing said transparent high density state XhThe first pixel threshold value corresponding to the pixel value formed by the liquid medicine in the drop image is P1hAnd a second pixel threshold value P2hThe interval of (2). The transparent liquid medicine has strong absorption to light, the imaging effect depends on the light intensity in the imaging environment, but the flow speed of the high-density liquid medicine in the infusion tube is slower under the same transparent state, so that the image acquisition period can be prolonged, and the corresponding first pixel threshold value is P1hAnd a second pixel threshold value P2hThe interval of the monitoring module is enlarged, which is beneficial to the image acquisition of the monitoring module and ensures that more clear liquid drop images are acquired as much as possible, so that the processing module can calculate the drop speed and calculate the estimated transfusion time and/or transfusion quantity based on the calculated drop speed.
Preferably, parameter information about the diameter of the liquid medicine delivery pipe and/or the syringe used for the liquid medicine to be input is input in advance through the operation module, the processing module calculates the dropping speed based on the drop dropping image collected by the monitoring module, and calculates the predicted injection time and/or the injection amount of the liquid medicine to be input according to the calculated dropping speed in a mode of being associated with the diameters of the liquid medicine delivery pipe and the syringe, and the processing module can calculate the proper injection time and/or the injection amount at least based on the actual difference value between the actual injection time and/or the injection amount and the theoretical calculated value. The basic parameters are uploaded to the cloud server for storage, so that when the medical staff check the infusion state parameters through the cloud server, the accuracy of the system calculated numerical value can be judged at least through the contact between the infusion state parameters and the basic parameters.
Preferably, the injection management system further comprises an alarm module, the alarm module can send out an early warning signal to remind a patient or medical personnel to adjust the infusion parameters in time before the infusion state parameters exceed and/or are lower than the recommended values, wherein the processing module can upload the parameter values corresponding to the early warning information to the patient monitoring system together, so as to expand the personal files of the patient.
Preferably, the monitoring module is capable of acquiring a real-time droplet landing state in the mohs' dropper, and the monitoring module and/or the processing module is at least capable of acquiring a standardized droplet landing image by means of screening, wherein the processing module is at least capable of calculating a recommended value for the infusion state parameter and/or based on the infusion state parameter based on the droplet landing image at each time interval.
Preferably, the monitoring module and/or the processing module can send the acquired images and/or calculation results to the cloud server for storage, wherein the processing module can at least combine patient records to form a complete personal profile based on the calculation results and send the complete personal profile to the cloud server for classification management.
Preferably, the injection management system can be mounted on different types of mobile electronic devices and is compatible with a plurality of patient management systems, so that the medical staff can realize the cooperative management of a plurality of patients at least through the patient management systems.
Preferably, the injection management system further comprises an alarm module, the alarm module can send out an early warning signal to remind a patient or medical personnel to adjust the infusion parameters in time before the infusion state parameters exceed and/or are lower than the recommended values, wherein the processing module can upload the parameter values corresponding to the early warning information to the patient monitoring system together, so as to expand the personal files of the patient.
Preferably, the processing module is at least capable of excluding the dripping state parameters in the non-ideal state in the dripping process by means of screening and/or filtering to obtain accurate transfusion state parameters, wherein the dripping state parameters in the non-ideal state at least comprise the dripping state parameters in the non-uniform dripping time period.
Preferably, the monitoring module can at least collect dropping state information of different liquid drops in different time periods and record dropping time of the liquid drops, wherein the dropping state information includes a liquid drop form, a vibration form of a liquid level of the medicine and a liquid state of an inner wall surface of the morse dropper.
Preferably, the monitoring module is capable of processing the collected droplet landing image at least through beautifying and/or trimming to improve the definition of the droplet landing image, wherein the processing mode at least includes dimming, blurring and color changing.
Preferably, a method of administration based on an injection management system having a multi-parameter configuration,
s1: basic parameters required by calculation of related infusion state parameters are set through an operation module, and the basic parameters are uploaded to a cloud server to be stored and checked;
s2: the monitoring module scans the identification code and/or collects a liquid drop image, and sends the obtained data and/or the processed collected image to the processing module for calculation of the infusion state parameters and/or storage and viewing by the cloud server;
s3: the processing module calculates infusion state parameters based on the droplet dropping image, forms a perfect personal file by combining the patient record, and sends the corresponding calculated value and/or recommended value and the personal file of the patient to the cloud server for storage and viewing;
s4: medical personnel can check the infusion state parameters and/or personal files of patients through the cloud server, injection management of multiple patients is realized simultaneously, and the accuracy and/or the authenticity of numerical measurement and calculation of the injection management system can be judged at least based on the relation between the basic parameters and the infusion state parameters;
s5: and an alarming step, wherein before the infusion state parameter exceeds and/or is lower than the recommended value, an early warning signal is sent out to remind a patient or a medical worker to adjust the infusion parameter in time, and the processing module can upload the parameter value corresponding to the early warning information to a patient monitoring system so as to expand the personal file of the patient.
The beneficial technical effects of the invention comprise one or more of the following:
1. the invention departs from the traditional clinical manual infusion rate measuring mode, adopts an intelligent automatic mode, improves the working mode of medical staff and improves the accuracy or precision of the infusion speed.
2. Utilize accurate infusion speed of dripping data to carry out software calculation, calculate infusion finish time, the suggestion nurse need change the infusion, does not need medical personnel to go to the sick house frequently and looks over to alleviateed medical personnel's working strength, improved medical personnel's utilization efficiency simultaneously, avoided the awkwardness that the staff has enough to meet the need the difficulty.
3. The invention can assist the development of clinical work of medical staff, further ensure the treatment safety of patients and improve the treatment effect or efficiency on the basis of improving the accuracy of operation or measurement results.
4. The intelligent infusion reminding system can be applied to various intelligent mobile devices, is particularly compatible with various nursing systems, has transparent and open treatment information of patients and high interoperability, can intensively remind the infusion state through a large screen, and is beneficial to cooperative management of medical care personnel by synchronizing the infusion state to other systems.
5. The invention can facilitate medical care personnel to remotely monitor the transfusion conditions of a plurality of patients at the same time, realize one-to-many management and improve the efficiency and quality of patient management.
6. The infusion alarm system can remind medical staff of the infusion progress and the health condition of a patient in real time, and particularly can inform the medical staff in advance to make the medical staff make response decisions in time when an emergency condition occurs, so that the risk of endangering the life safety of the patient due to errors in the infusion process of the patient is avoided.
7. The invention can distinguish different pixel threshold values according to the physicochemical properties of different medicines so as to enable the drop image of the imaged liquid drop to be more standard, thereby improving the accuracy of calculating the infusion state parameters based on the image and the reference value of the calculation result.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a preferred construction of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a flow chart of a preferred method of injection management of the present invention.
List of reference numerals
100: the monitoring module 200: processing module
300: the display module 400: operating module
Detailed Description
The following detailed description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The invention relates to an injection management system with multi-parameter configuration, which comprises one of the following components: the monitoring module 100 is used for detecting the dropping state of the liquid medicine in the morse dropper, including but not limited to related liquid medicine dropping frequency, the dropping state and other related parameters related to the infusion process; a processing module 200, which can convert and calculate the collected information according to the requirements of the medical staff based on the information about the dripping state of the liquid medicine collected by the monitoring module 100, wherein the calculated parameters include but are not limited to dripping speed, liquid medicine input amount, liquid medicine input time and the like; a display module 300, which can be used to display personal information about the patient, real-time infusion status information (predicted and reminded in advance), and basic data of time, date, etc; the operation module 400 includes a plurality of function buttons, including but not limited to start and stop of the control system, inputting and adjusting basic parameters required by the aforementioned processing module 200. Alternatively, the monitoring module 100, the processing module 200, and the display module 300 and the manipulation module 400 may be mounted on different devices. Preferably, the module in the invention can be carried on a handheld mobile electronic device such as a mobile phone, a tablet and the like to complete corresponding functions. Specifically, the display module 300 and the operation module 400 are disposed on the surface of the device, the monitoring module 100 can be disposed on the back of the device, and the processing module 200 is disposed inside the housing of the device.
According to a preferred embodiment, the monitoring module 100 of the present invention can acquire status information of the liquid medicine dropping in the morse dropper in real time through a camera imaging technology. Preferably, the monitoring module 100 can acquire the state information of different liquid drops dropping at different time periods through the principle of image imaging technology. In particular, the monitoring module 100 may be provided with a corresponding camera and/or video device to acquire image information of the droplets. Preferably, the liquid state information collected by the monitoring module 100 includes a specific form of the liquid drop, a vibration form when the liquid drop falls on the liquid medicine surface, a fluctuation condition of the liquid medicine surface, a liquid state of an inner wall surface of the morse dropper, and the like, and records a corresponding time point when the liquid drop falls. Preferably, the droplet landing image acquired by the monitoring module 100 may also be uploaded to a cloud server for storage, so that the medical staff can visually check the droplet landing form of the droplets in the time-sharing state.
Further, the image acquisition and imaging process of the monitoring module 100 is different from the general industrial imaging method for detecting the liquid flow rate. Specifically, there may be a possibility that the light is stronger or weaker in the environment where the patient or the medical staff is located, and the monitoring module 100 performs light adjustment based on the light intensity of the environment in the process of collecting the droplet state and imaging, so as to improve the definition of the imaging graph.
Secondly, in the process of dropping the liquid medicine, residual liquid is inevitably formed on the inner wall surface of the morse dropper, the residual liquid can form interference when the monitoring module 100 collects the liquid drop image, the monitoring module 100 can identify the position relation between the liquid drop to be imaged which is positioned in the middle of the morse dropper cavity and is not contacted with the inner wall surface and the residual liquid drop which is positioned on the inner wall surface and/or the real-time motion states of the liquid drops in two different states through the set hardware program and/or software function, and in the imaging process, the monitoring module 100 reduces the proportion and the definition of the residual liquid drop in the final formed image based on the distinguishing process, so that the image of the liquid drop to be imaged is reserved to the maximum extent.
In addition, when the monitoring module 100 performs image acquisition and imaging, a plane where the morse dropper is located often has a patient or a medical staff as an image background, so that interference can be caused to an imaging process and a final image display effect, and the monitoring module 100 can redraw and/or eliminate the background of the space where the morse dropper is located based on factors such as color elements, color intensity and light definition of the space background where the morse dropper is located. Preferably, the monitoring module 100 may redraw the background color of the space where the morse dropper is located into white color for easy image analysis and recognition, or directly virtualize the background color, and only keep the image of the droplet to be imaged, so as to provide a clearer and more intuitive image of the state of the droplet when the droplet is dropped. Most importantly, when the monitoring module 100 acquires an image, if the morse dropper is shaken to be in a tilted state due to human factors or force ineffectiveness, the acquired image may have a non-ideal standard image.
According to a preferred embodiment, due to the difference in physicochemical properties of the medical solutions, the density or viscosity, the degree of suspension, and the ease of decomposition of a portion of the medical solution all may interfere with the imaging process of the monitoring module 100. Particularly, as part of the medicines have the property of visible light decomposition, a light-proof infusion set needs to be selected; on the other hand, the density, viscosity, degree of suspension, etc. of the liquid medicine affect the pixels of the final image. Preferably, an opaque liquid such as plasma may activate a corresponding fill light adjusting unit in the monitoring module 100 to increase the brightness of the monitoring area so as to make the final imaging result of the monitoring module 100 clearer. Therefore, it is critical how to acquire an idealized image by setting a reasonable pixel threshold and calculate the drop velocity based on the image.
According to a preferred embodiment, the image recognition and calculation method based on the image acquisition of the monitoring module 100:
the first step is as follows: the first pixel threshold value P is preset by the operation module 400 according to the physico-chemical properties of the liquid medicine1And a second pixel threshold value P2
The second step is that: the monitoring module 100 scans the identification code on the infusion bag to obtain the liquid medicine information, the corresponding infusion apparatus specification and the first pixel threshold value P1And a second pixel threshold value P2
The third step: the monitoring module 100 reads a droplet landing image of each frame rate frequency band in the Mohs' dropper based on a preset image acquisition time interval delta t, and performs gray level processing on the image, wherein t is less than 0.1s and 0.05 s;
the fourth step: performing gray difference processing on the droplet landing images in the adjacent frame rate frequency bands after the graying processing based on a difference method to obtain a difference image;
the fifth step: further converting the difference image into a black-and-white image by binarization processing based on a threshold value, wherein a total pixel value of the black image in the black-and-white image is marked as RbThe total pixel value of the white map is then labeled Rw
And a sixth step: r is to bewAnd a first pixel threshold value P1And a second pixel threshold value P2Making a difference comparison, wherein if Rw<P1If the liquid level of the liquid medicine in the Mohs dropper does not vibrate, the system judges that no liquid drop drops into the liquid medicine; rw>P2The system determines that an anomaly has occurred in the monitoring process (e.g., liquid level jitter in the mohs' dropper is out of the expected range); when the two situations occur, the image acquisition result is not processed, but the third step is returned to continue to read the droplet dropping image of each frame rate frequency band in the Mohs dropper, and in addition, in order to avoid interference, after the specific dropping behavior meeting the threshold is determined, whether obvious pixel change exists in a certain middle part at the upstream is additionally verified to determine that the actual dropping exists instead of the interference pixel (such as image jitter and the like);
the seventh step: if P1<Rw<P2Then, the system judges that the liquid medicine surface in the Mohs' dropper vibrates, namely liquid drops drop into the liquid medicine, records the frame rate frequency band of the image of the drop, and obtains the frame number difference delta f by making a difference with the frame rate frequency band of the image recorded last time, and calculates the average dropping speed of the liquid drops according to the image acquisition time interval delta t and the frame number difference delta f:
Figure BDA0003085697990000101
preferably, the liquid can be classified into transparent and opaque categories according to the physical properties of the liquid, and further, the transparent and opaque categories can be further subdivided into low density, medium density and high density. Specifically, the medical staff may preset different first pixel threshold values P based on the physicochemical properties of the different types of liquids1And a second pixel threshold value P2. Because the different basic pixel threshold values are determined according to the liquid medicine to be input (for example, P is greater than P ', and P can be less than P' if black and white are reversed), when the processing module 200 processes the droplet landing image into a black and white image in a binarization mode, the liquid and the non-liquid can be more accurately determined, interference is eliminated, and the operation speed is increased.
Further, when the liquid belongs to the transparent state X, the basic pixel threshold value is set to be P1(ii) a When the liquid is in the non-transparent state X', the basic pixel threshold value is set to be P1’。
Preferably, when the liquid is in the transparent low density state XLWhen (e.g. glucose solution), the first pixel threshold value is set to be P1LAnd a second pixel threshold value P2L(ii) a When the liquid is in a transparent medium density state XmWhen (e.g. serum), the first pixel threshold value can be set to P1mAnd a second pixel threshold value P2m(ii) a When the liquid is in a transparent high-density state XhThen, the first pixel threshold value is set to be P1hAnd a second pixel threshold value P2h
Preferably, for a liquid in the opaque state X', when the liquid is in the opaque low density state XLAt' time, the first pixel threshold value is set to be P1L' and a second pixel threshold value P2L'; when the liquid is in the non-transparent medium density state XmWhen the first pixel threshold is set to P (for example, human serum albumin injection, yellow or green to brown slightly viscous liquid), the first pixel threshold is set to P1m' and a second pixel threshold value P2m'; when the liquid is in a non-transparent high-density state XhWhen (e.g., plasma), the first pixel threshold value can be set to P1h' and a second pixel threshold value P2h’。
Preferably, the first pixel threshold value P is1And a second pixel threshold value P2The method can be obtained by taking a sufficient number of images in advance and performing average value calculation, standard deviation or variance calculation, curve fitting and the like after classification screening.
Preferably, the first pixel threshold value and the second pixel threshold value of different types of liquid can be recorded into the identification code on the infusion bag, so that medical personnel do not need to set the first pixel threshold value and the second pixel threshold value before each detection, but can directly obtain the relevant numerical value by reading the identification code and perform subsequent image acquisition and calculation.
According to a preferred embodiment, the monitoring module 100 will record image information of falling drops in the morse dropper at different time periods while performing the aforementioned operation of eliminating the imaging interference factor. Preferably, the monitoring module 100 is capable of judging the standard of the acquired image by identifying the position and/or motion state information of each element in the acquired image. Optionally, the monitoring module 100 may send the acquired image to the processing module 200 for parameter calculation after standardized screening, or directly send the initial acquired image after beautification and trimming to the processing module 200 for standardized screening and then parameter calculation.
According to a preferred embodiment, when the monitoring module 100 collects an image, the time when a droplet drops to the plane of the liquid medicine stored in the morse dropper can be recorded as the initial dropping time, and the specific form of a droplet is collected at the same time, and when a subsequent droplet drops to the same position, the form and the time of the subsequent droplet are recorded. Therefore, the monitoring module 100 can acquire image information of different liquid drops falling at different times, and send the image information to the processing module 200, so as to convert the liquid drop image acquired by the monitoring module 100 and calculate necessary parameters related to the infusion process.
According to a preferred embodiment, an operation analysis unit is integrated and/or connected in the processing module 200, and the operation analysis unit includes but is not limited to a dsp (digital Signal Processor), an mcu (micro Control unit) or an mpu (micro Processor unit). Specifically, the processing module 200 can calculate the dropping speed of the liquid drop in the morse dropper within a certain period of time based on the image information of different liquid drops at different times collected by the monitoring module 100, further calculate parameters such as the infusion consumption time and the infusion amount based on the dropping speed, recommend an appropriate injection rate, an appropriate injection time and an appropriate range of the injection amount based on the calculated data and information such as the past medical history, the past injection history and the personal current state of the patient, and output the information at least through the display module 300. Preferably, the display module 300 may output data such as the adaptive injection rate, the injection time and the range of the injection amount by a color change. For example, if the values of the injection rate, the injection time, and the range of the injection amount of the current patient are within the recommended range, the relevant display value in the display module 300 may be represented by green; if the recommended range is exceeded, the relevant display numerical value can be represented by red; otherwise, if the value is below the recommended range, the associated display value may be represented in blue.
Preferably, an alarm module may be provided in the mobile device on which the injection management system is mounted. This alarm module accessible sets up the speaker that has buzzing or voice broadcast function and/or can send the warning device of forms such as LED lamp of continuous scintillation and change light to when the infusion parameter that the aforesaid is related to is about to surpass and/or be less than standard range, in time send early warning signal, thereby remind patient or medical personnel in time to adjust the infusion parameter, in order to guarantee patient's life safety.
Further, when calculating the parameters of the drop velocity of the liquid drop, the infusion consumption time, the infusion amount, etc. and giving the adaptive range, many factors need to be considered, such as the size of the morse dropper, the physicochemical properties of the liquid medicine (including but not limited to density, volatility, fluidity, etc.), the diameter of the liquid medicine delivery pipe, the diameter of the injection needle pipe, the type of disease of the patient receiving the injection, the age of the infusion population, etc.
Preferably, some basic parameters can be input and/or set in advance by using the operation module 400 mounted on the mobile terminal. Specifically, the basic parameters include, but are not limited to, the number of the patient's bed, the specifications of the infusion set, the selection of the measurement accuracy, the required calculated values, and the medical service system to be matched. Preferably, these basic parameters will be uploaded to the cloud server so that subsequent healthcare workers can match the basic parameter information based on different calculated values. For example, when a patient in a certain bed takes a certain medicine, the medical staff can measure parameters such as the drop rate, the liquid medicine input time, and the infusion amount of the liquid in the infusion process with certain accuracy when using an infusion set, an infusion tube, and an infusion needle tube of a certain specification.
Preferably, the infusion set size can be set as a small infusion set, a common infusion set (default size, typically 20 drops/ml), a large infusion set, and the like. Furthermore, according to the specification of the infusion apparatus and the condition of the patient, different dropping speed measurement accuracies can be selected. Preferably, the measurement precision can be divided into a type A (common) and a type B (accurate), wherein the type A (common) measurement precision can be used for conventional transfusion, namely the imaging time of 3-5 liquid drops can be selected to calculate the average dropping speed; and the B-type (accurate) measurement accuracy is used in the transfusion occasions requiring strict control of the dropping speed, and the average dropping speed is calculated by selecting the imaging time of 6-10 drops. Preferably, the required calculation value may include the aforementioned parameters such as dropping speed, infusion consumption time and infusion amount; the medical service system is different App systems and/or cloud servers used by medical staff to manage patients.
According to a preferred embodiment, the processing module 200 requires calibration based on the acquired images when calculating the drop velocity. Specifically, when the first drop of liquid medicine in the morse dropper drops, the monitoring module 100 will start image acquisition. Preferably, the processing module 200 will collect drop images at various times from the beginning to the end of the infusion. However, in the initial stage of dropping the liquid chemical, the drop velocity of the liquid droplet is not uniform, and although the average drop velocity can be calculated based on the drop image in this period, this affects the accuracy, authenticity, or the like of the entire data. Therefore, the processing module 200 can omit the drop image in the previous drop uneven time period in the calculation process, and calculate the average dropping speed in the infusion by the drop image in the remaining even drop time period.
According to a preferred embodiment, when calculating the drop velocity, the processing module 200 can determine the average drop velocity based on the drop image of the drop in the morse dropper collected by the monitoring module 100 and the corresponding time. However, when calculating the time required for infusion and/or the predicted infusion amount based on the drop rate, the size of the morse dropper, the physicochemical properties of the drug solution (including, but not limited to, density, volatility, fluidity, etc.), the diameter of the drug solution delivery tube, the diameter of the injection needle tube, and other parameters are taken into consideration.
Specifically, due to the different types of diseases of patients, the drugs to be injected to the patients are different, and at the same time, the properties of the drugs are different. For example, due to differences in drug density or viscosity, the flow rate in the infusion line is different, which results in different final infusion times into the patient; on the other hand, if part of the drug is decomposed by light, the final input value of the drug in the patient may be less than the expected value if a light-shielding infusion device is not used. Preferably, the operation module 400 may input information related to the flow rate, density, etc. of the drug in advance, so that the processing module 200 can calculate the actual infusion time and/or infusion amount by combining the physicochemical properties of the drug when calculating parameters such as the time required for infusion and/or the predicted infusion amount, and obtain the difference between the actual infusion time and/or infusion amount and the theoretical value, thereby providing the appropriate infusion time and/or infusion amount. When necessary, centralized display and reminding can be carried out on a large screen of the hospital.
According to a preferred embodiment, when the diameter of the drug delivery tube and the diameter of the syringe are different, the final result of the parameters of the processing module 200, such as the time required for infusion and/or the expected infusion amount, is also affected. Specifically, the diameter of the liquid medicine conveying pipe and the diameter of the injection needle pipe influence the flowing speed of the liquid medicine, and further influence the time required for the liquid medicine to flow out of the Morse dropper and be conveyed to the body of a patient through the liquid conveying pipe and/or the amount of the liquid medicine conveyed to the body of the patient in a limited time. Preferably, the operation module 400 may input information about the diameters of the liquid medicine delivery tube and the syringe needle in advance, so that the processing module 200 can calculate the actual infusion time and/or the infusion amount by combining the diameters of the liquid medicine delivery tube and the syringe needle when calculating parameters such as the time required for infusion and/or the predicted infusion amount, and obtain the difference between the actual infusion time and/or the actual infusion amount and the theoretical value, thereby providing the appropriate infusion time and/or the appropriate infusion amount. Preferably, when the calculated parameter such as the time required for infusion and/or the predicted infusion amount differs from the theoretical time required for infusion and/or the predicted infusion amount of the current medical fluid based on the dropping rate, a more ideal time required for infusion and/or the predicted infusion amount may be obtained by arithmetic averaging or weighted averaging.
According to a preferred embodiment, when the processing module 200 further calculates parameters such as infusion consumption time and/or infusion volume based on the dropping speed, and recommends information such as an appropriate injection rate, injection time, and injection volume range according to the calculated data, an appropriate range is calculated with reference to a patient case formed by preset information such as related patient disease type, past medical history or injection history, personal recovery status, contraindications, and the like, so as to ensure accuracy and perfection of the recommended parameter range, thereby improving treatment efficiency for the patient, reducing treatment risk, and ensuring life safety of the patient, and further combining the patient case information with the recommended parameter range to form a more detailed personal profile, and the personal profile can be uploaded to a cloud server to facilitate management of medical staff.
According to a preferred embodiment, each infusion bag of the liquid medicine injected by the patient is provided with the patient identification and the infusion related identification code, and the method can be applied to hospitals with electronic information management systems. Further, medical personnel accessible monitoring module 100 scans the identification code and carries out patient's discernment, medical personnel also will accomplish daily tour and punch the card when the scanning, processing module 200 can upload the attendance system of hospital with the record of punching the card, make things convenient for relevant personnel in time to know each nurse or doctor to the degree of care condition of patient, thereby be convenient for supervise and/or guide medical personnel to implement the nursing treatment to the patient, and based on the infusion state historical information of attendance record and disease, relevant personnel can synthesize the appraisal to each nurse or doctor's performance condition. Secondly, after the identification code is scanned, the related parameters related to the infusion process calculated by the processing module 200 can be further obtained in the infusion patrol columns of different patients.
Preferably, after scanning the identification code, the processing module 200 can automatically recognize the infusion volume and further calculate the infusion completion time, and by calculating the estimated completion time of infusion for each patient, the display module 300 can inform the medical staff in advance that the infusion is about to be completed, and this function can limit the patient bed number, i.e. the responsibility nurse can limit the own responsibility bed number, and prompt the infusion situation in the handheld device, which includes but is not limited to the information of the current infusion time, the current infusion amount, the estimated infusion time, the estimated infusion amount, and the like. In addition, for the infusion with large capacity, the processing module 200 can summarize the hourly patrol data of the medical staff, and can also calculate the input amount of the patient, so that the nurse can calculate the total input amount of the patient. Preferably, medical personnel can look over infusion information under the column of the infusion tour of a plurality of patients simultaneously on display module 300 to make medical personnel can accomplish the management of a pair of many, do not need medical personnel to go to the actual measurement and calculation before the patient's sick bed frequently, long-range tour can, this has not only alleviateed medical personnel's intensity of labour, and made things convenient for medical personnel to the infusion management of a plurality of diseases simultaneously, and the most important can improve the individual utilization efficiency of hospital to medical personnel greatly, slows down the pressure that the staff had enough to meet the need the difficulty.
According to a preferred embodiment, the injection management system may further upload information related to parameters related to the infusion process and a personal profile formed by the parameters related to the infusion in combination with patient history, which are calculated by the processing module 200, to a cloud server and/or a patient monitoring system in the hospital through a hardware program and/or software installed on the mobile device. Preferably, on the patient supervision system, the medical staff can check the personal file information, the infusion state and the like of different patients at any time. In particular, the patient monitoring system may include basic information of the patient, past medical history, past medication history, allergy history, personal health status, individual physiological contraindications, the type of drug recommended for injection (including physicochemical properties of the drug, adverse reactions), recommended injection period or frequency, injection rate, infusion volume or time, recommended review period, and the like.
According to a preferred embodiment, when looking up the personal file of the patient through the cloud server and/or the patient monitoring system, the medical staff can not only look up the parameter information related to the transfusion state of the patient and/or the set basic parameter information, but also judge the accuracy of the injection management system based on the relation between the two parameters. Specifically, under the condition that basic parameters such as the size of the morse dropper, physicochemical properties (including but not limited to density, volatility, fluidity and the like) of the liquid medicine, the diameter of the liquid medicine delivery pipe, the diameter of the injection needle pipe and the like are fixed, parameters such as the dropping speed of liquid drops, the infusion time, the infusion amount and the like calculated by the system have uniquely determined corresponding values and/or recommended values, and when the corresponding values and/or recommended values obtained by the system are not obviously different and/or trend changed under the condition that at least one parameter is only changed, the medical staff can consider the accuracy and/or authenticity of the calculated result of the system, namely whether the basic parameters are changed due to other factors or not, and the calculated corresponding values and/or recommended values are not obviously changed. For example, when the diameter of the infusion tube is increased and/or decreased, the flow speed of the same medical fluid in the tube will be changed, and accordingly, the time required for inputting the same amount of medical fluid will be different, if the estimated infusion time calculated by the system does not change significantly and/or has a reverse trend, which indicates that the calculated value of the system is incorrect, the medical staff may perform troubleshooting by looking at the drop image uploaded by the monitoring module 100, such as whether there is a bubble in the morse dropper and/or the infusion process is affected by factors such as the blockage of the infusion tube, so as to evaluate the accuracy of the system, and meanwhile, the medical staff may troubleshoot the infusion fault based on the basic parameter information and the calculation parameters related to the infusion state.
According to a preferred embodiment, when the aforementioned related infusion parameters are about to exceed and/or fall below the standard range, the alarm module can send out an early warning signal to remind the patient or medical personnel to adjust the infusion parameters in time so as to ensure the life safety of the patient. Further, processing module 200 can be with the parameter value that alarm information corresponds with upload to disease supervisory systems to become the information in the aforementioned personal file, so that medical personnel can know the influence degree of different infusion states to the disease based on alarm information when looking over disease infusion state, thereby make the counter-measure in advance.
For ease of understanding, the principles of operation and methods of use of an injection management system with multi-parameter configuration of the present invention will be discussed.
When using the injection management system with multi-parameter configuration provided in the present application, a medical staff may input and/or set some basic parameters in advance through the operation module 400 before measurement, and then hold the mobile electronic device carried by the injection management system in hand to monitor the imaging device configured by the monitoring module 100 aligned with the infusion bag to be measured. On one hand, medical staff can firstly scan the identification code on the infusion bag through the monitoring module 100 to obtain the basic information of the patient and/or the infusion bag, and meanwhile, attendance checking and card punching are completed; on the other hand, after the infusion is started, the monitoring module 100 can continuously acquire the drop images in the morse dropper. The monitoring module 100 performs a series of processing such as dimming and blurring in the process of acquiring the image, then forms a plurality of droplet landing images and sends the droplet landing images to the processing module 200 for data processing. The processing module 200 calculates the average drop velocity of the drops based on the drop images of the drops in a continuous time period, and further calculates information such as the expected infusion time for a specific infusion amount and/or the expected infusion amount in a specific time period based on the real-time drop velocity, and outputs the information through the display module 300. Further, the processing module 200 recommends appropriate dropping speed, infusion time, infusion amount, etc. based on the calculated values in combination with patient history and medication information, etc. stored in the system in advance, and outputs the recommended values through the display module 300. The processing module combines the calculated numerical value with the basic information of the patient to form a detailed personal file, and uploads the detailed personal file to the patient monitoring system or App application, so that medical personnel can check the personal information of multiple patients in real time, the medical personnel can manage the patient conveniently, and the utilization efficiency of the medical personnel is improved.
The injection management system with multi-parameter configuration provided by the invention departs from the traditional clinical manual infusion rate measurement mode, adopts an intelligent automatic mode, improves the working mode of medical staff and improves the accuracy or precision of the infusion speed; the accurate infusion dripping speed data is utilized to carry out software calculation, the infusion ending time is calculated, a nurse is prompted to need to change the infusion, and medical care personnel do not need to frequently go to a sick house to check, so that the working intensity of the medical care personnel is reduced, the utilization efficiency of the medical care personnel is improved, and the embarrassment that the hands are difficult to turn around is avoided; the system can assist medical staff in developing clinical work, further ensure the treatment safety of patients and improve the treatment effect or efficiency on the basis of improving the accuracy of operation or measurement results; the system can be carried on various intelligent mobile devices for use, particularly can be compatible with various nursing systems, and records patient data into a medical big data system, so that the information is transparent and public, the interoperability is high, and the cooperative management of medical care personnel is facilitated; the system can facilitate medical staff to remotely monitor the transfusion conditions of a plurality of patients at the same time, realize one-to-many management and improve the efficiency and quality of patient management; the infusion device can remind medical staff of infusion progress and health conditions of a patient in real time, and particularly can inform the medical staff in advance to make the medical staff timely make response decisions when emergency occurs, so that the risk of endangering life safety of the patient due to errors in the infusion process of the patient is avoided.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments are exemplary, and that those skilled in the art, having benefit of the present disclosure, may devise various arrangements that are within the scope of the present disclosure and that fall within the scope of the invention. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that the present specification and figures are illustrative only and are not limiting upon the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. An injection management system comprising at least:
a monitoring module (100) for monitoring a dripping state of the liquid medicine,
a processing module (200) capable of calculating infusion related parameters,
it is characterized in that the preparation method is characterized in that,
the monitoring module (100) and/or the processing module (200) can at least acquire a droplet dropping image according to the specific form of the droplet, and/or according to the vibration form of the droplet when the droplet drops to the liquid level, and/or according to the fluctuation condition of the liquid level of the liquid medicine and/or the liquid state of the inner wall surface of the Morse dropper, and the processing module (200) can at least calculate a recommended value related to the transfusion state parameter and/or based on the transfusion state parameter according to the physical and chemical properties of the liquid medicine and/or the transfusion apparatus specification.
2. The injection management system according to claim 1, wherein the monitoring module (100) for acquiring an image of a drop can also be used to scan an identification code on a patient's bag for corresponding medication information and/or infusion information in an infusion patrol column,
the processing module (200) determines physicochemical properties of the liquid medicine based on the obtained corresponding identification code, and calculates infusion state parameters according to the corresponding physicochemical properties, and the processing module (200) establishes and/or updates the corresponding patient personal file in the cloud server in a manner corresponding to the patient according to the calculation result of the infusion state parameters.
3. The injection management system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the obtaining of the drug information is performed by the processing module (200) by querying a patient database in a manner correlated with respective patient personal data, the processing module (200) determining a status of the medical fluid to be infused based on the drug information, wherein,
when the liquid medicine to be input is in a transparent state X, the processing module (200) determines a basic pixel threshold value P corresponding to a pixel value formed by the current liquid medicine in the liquid drop image according to a preset typical transparent state liquid medicine pixel value1
When the liquid medicine to be input is in the non-transparent state X', the processing module (200) determines a basic pixel threshold value P corresponding to a pixel value formed by the current liquid medicine in the liquid drop dropping image according to a preset typical non-transparent state liquid medicine pixel value1’,
Wherein the basic pixel threshold value P corresponding to the transparent state1Different from the base pixel threshold value P corresponding to the opaque state1’。
4. An injection management system according to claim 3, characterized in that the processing module (200) calculates a white-map total pixel value R representative of the liquid footprint based on the image acquired for calculating the threshold value characterizing the droplet landing statuswAnd according to the white image total pixel value RwAnd a first pixel threshold value P1And/or a second pixel threshold value P2The relationship between the liquid medicine drops and the state images before and after the liquid medicine drops are dripped in different states is screened, and corresponding actual dripping events are determined and recorded according to the state images, wherein,
first pixel threshold value P1For characterizing the state of the droplet when it is not in contact with the surface of the liquid,
second pixel threshold value P2For characterizing the condition when the level jitter exceeds a predetermined value.
5. The injection management system of claim 4,
when the liquid medicine to be infused is in a transparent low-density state XLAnd/or transparent high density state XhThen, the processing module (200) acquires a first pixel threshold value (P) which can represent that the pixel value corresponding to the pixel value formed by the current liquid medicine in the liquid drop image is used for representing the state that the liquid drop is not contacted with the liquid level1L,P1h) And/or a second pixel threshold value (P) for characterizing the state of the liquid level jitter exceeding a predetermined value2L,P2h),
The processing module (200) selects a first pixel threshold value (P) according to the current liquid medicine1L,P1h) Or a second pixel threshold value (P)2L,P2h) And based on the total pixel value R of the white image which can represent the occupied area of the current liquid medicinewAnd a first pixel threshold value (P)1L,P1h) Or a second pixel threshold value (P)2L,P2h) The difference relationship between the two represents the transparent low density state XLOr a transparent high density state XhAnd (3) state images before and after the liquid medicine drops are dripped, so that corresponding actual dripping events are determined and recorded, and dripping speed, infusion time and/or infusion amount corresponding to the current liquid medicine state are calculated.
6. The injection management system of claim 5, wherein the transparent low density state X can be characterizedLThe first pixel threshold value corresponding to the pixel value formed by the liquid medicine in the drop image is P1LAnd a second pixel threshold value P2LIs less than the interval capable of characterizing said transparent high density state XhThe first pixel threshold value corresponding to the pixel value formed by the liquid medicine in the drop image is P1hAnd a second pixel threshold value P2hThe interval of (2).
7. The injection management system of claim 1, further comprising:
a display module (300) for the output of basic information and/or calculation data, and
and the operation module (400) is used for controlling the start and stop of the system and the input of information.
8. The injection management system according to claim 7, wherein parameter information on a diameter of the liquid medicine delivery tube and/or the syringe used for the liquid medicine to be administered is previously inputted through the operation module (400), the processing module (200) calculates a dropping speed based on the drop image collected by the monitoring module (100) and calculates a predicted injection time and/or injection amount of the liquid medicine to be administered in a manner correlated with the diameter of the liquid medicine delivery tube and the syringe based on the calculated dropping speed, and the processing module (200) is capable of calculating an appropriate injection time and/or injection amount based on at least an actual difference between the actual injection time and/or injection amount and a theoretically calculated value.
9. The injection management system according to claim 8, wherein the processing module (200) calculates the appropriate ranges for injection rate, injection time and injection volume based on the actual dropping speed of the medical fluid to be administered and the calculated infusion volume and/or infusion time based on the actual dropping speed, by referring to a patient database and associating with patient personal data, wherein the processing module (200) incorporates the patient personal data based on the recommended parameter ranges to upload a personal profile to a cloud server by updating the personal profile of the patient to enable a healthcare worker to manage the patient in multiple ways.
10. The injection management system according to claim 1, further comprising an alarm module, wherein the alarm module is capable of sending an alarm signal to remind a patient and/or a medical staff to adjust the infusion parameter at least before the infusion status parameter exceeds and/or falls below a recommended value, wherein the processing module (200) is capable of uploading a parameter value corresponding to the alarm information sent based on the infusion status parameter to the patient supervision system for updating and/or expanding the personal profile of the patient.
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