CN113249530A - Waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device - Google Patents

Waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113249530A
CN113249530A CN202110555685.6A CN202110555685A CN113249530A CN 113249530 A CN113249530 A CN 113249530A CN 202110555685 A CN202110555685 A CN 202110555685A CN 113249530 A CN113249530 A CN 113249530A
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China
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wall
gear
rotating rod
dwang
fixed
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CN202110555685.6A
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CN113249530B (en
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肖淑娟
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Individual
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C14SKINS; HIDES; PELTS; LEATHER
    • C14BMECHANICAL TREATMENT OR PROCESSING OF SKINS, HIDES OR LEATHER IN GENERAL; PELT-SHEARING MACHINES; INTESTINE-SPLITTING MACHINES
    • C14B5/00Clicking, perforating, or cutting leather
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C14SKINS; HIDES; PELTS; LEATHER
    • C14BMECHANICAL TREATMENT OR PROCESSING OF SKINS, HIDES OR LEATHER IN GENERAL; PELT-SHEARING MACHINES; INTESTINE-SPLITTING MACHINES
    • C14B17/00Details of apparatus or machines for manufacturing or treating skins, hides, leather, or furs
    • C14B17/14Auxiliary devices for leather-working machines, e.g. grinding devices for blading cylinders or dust-removal devices combined with the working machines

Abstract

The invention discloses a waste automobile leather recovery and crushing device, and relates to the field of waste automobile leather recovery. According to the automobile leather fiber velvet collecting device, the air drying mechanism, the velvet beating mechanism, the conveyor belt and the collecting mechanism are arranged, when the telescopic opening moves to be separated from the discharge opening, the inductive switch transmits a stronger electric signal to the single chip microcomputer, the single chip microcomputer controls the conveyor belt to start moving and simultaneously controls the power switch of the velvet beating machine to be turned off, when the conveyor belt moves the collecting mechanism out of the device body, the collection can be completed, a user can use and transport the automobile leather fiber velvet collecting device in a later period conveniently, a large amount of automobile leather fiber velvet cannot fly around in the processing process, raw materials are saved, and the health of the user is.

Description

Waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of waste automobile leather recovery, in particular to a waste automobile leather recovery and smashing device.
Background
Animal skin which is denatured and not easy to rot and is obtained by physical and chemical processing such as unhairing, tanning and the like is modified and finished to form finished leather, which is also called leather. The leather is formed by tightly weaving natural protein fibers in a three-dimensional space, the surface of the leather is provided with a special grain surface layer, the leather has natural grains and luster, the hand feeling is comfortable, and the leather has the specific performance of natural materials: higher mechanical strength, such as tensile strength, tear strength, flexing resistance and the like, and durability; certain elasticity and plasticity, easy processing and forming, being used for producing various leather products and not easy to deform in the using process; easy maintenance, and can maintain the natural appearance for a long time; the moisture and heat resistance stability is good, the corrosion resistance is good, the resistance to some chemicals is good, and the aging resistance is good; excellent air (steam), moisture (sweat) and moisture-removing performances, thereby being sanitary and comfortable to wear.
The leather industry covers the main industries of leather making, shoes making, fur clothing, leather pieces, fur and products thereof and the matching industries of leather chemical industry, leather hardware, leather machinery, auxiliary materials and the like, has high upstream and downstream relevance, depends on market pulling, is evergreen, and integrates the characteristics of earning foreign exchange, enriching people and employment into a whole.
At present, after automobile leather on the domestic market is recovered, the waste automobile leather is usually ground and then manually put into a sueding machine to be smashed into fine fibers, but the traditional smashing device cannot clean the waste automobile leather, so that the automobile leather needs to be manually cleaned in the later period, the labor cost is high, and the cleaning efficiency of the automobile leather is low; and traditional car leather reducing mechanism is when beating the fine hair to car leather, and the car leather after will rubbing is usually put into the machine of beating the fine hair, starts the machine of beating the fine hair, beats the fine hair to car leather after handling, and the car leather after being beaten the machine processing of fine hair is blown off the back by the fan, falls on subaerial, and car leather fine hair is waved everywhere and is inhaled the health and produce great harm to its health to the operator when not convenient for user's post treatment to it is great to environmental pollution.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: in order to solve the problems that the waste automobile leather smashing device cannot clean and remove dust of automobile leather and fluff flies around in the production process of the waste automobile leather smashing device, the waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device is provided.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device comprises a mincing box, wherein a hopper is connected inside the mincing box, a dust removing mechanism is arranged on one side of the mincing box, a cleaning pool is installed at the bottom end of the mincing box, a drying box is fixed on one side of the cleaning pool, an air drying mechanism is connected on one side, away from the cleaning pool, of the drying box, a napping mechanism is arranged at the bottom end of the air drying mechanism, a supporting block is fixed at the bottom end of the napping mechanism, a conveying belt is installed on one side of the supporting block, a fixing groove is fixed inside the conveying belt, and a collecting mechanism is connected to the top end of the fixing groove;
the dust removal mechanism comprises a first crushing roller connected with a hopper, a first rotating rod is fixed inside the first crushing roller, a motor is installed at one end of the first rotating rod, one end, far away from the first crushing roller, of the outer wall of the first rotating rod is connected with a first gear, a second gear is arranged on the outer wall of the first gear, a second rotating rod is fixed inside the second gear, a second crushing roller is installed on one side, located on the second gear, of the outer wall of the second rotating rod, a first chain is connected to one side, located on the motor, of the outer wall of the first rotating rod, a third rotating rod is installed below the first rotating rod on the inner wall of the first chain, a first fan is fixed on one side, located on the first chain, of the outer wall of the third rotating rod, a connecting rod is arranged at one end, far away from the first fan, of the outer wall of the connecting rod, and a static generator is installed on the outer wall of the connecting rod, the outer wall of the electrostatic generator is connected with an adsorption plate, one side, located on the connecting rod, of the interior of the electrostatic generator is connected with a conductive block, one end of the conductive block is connected with a connecting ring, one end, far away from the conductive block, of the connecting ring is fixedly provided with a limiting ring, one end, far away from the limiting ring, of the outer wall of the third rotating rod is provided with a third gear, the outer wall of the third gear is provided with a second chain, a fourth gear is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the second chain, located below the third gear, and one side of the fourth gear is provided with a packing auger;
the air drying mechanism comprises an air drying box connected with the flocking mechanism, a second fan is arranged at the bottom end of the inner wall of the air drying box, a fourth rotating rod is fixed on the inner wall of the second fan, a first helical gear is connected to the top end of the fourth rotating rod, a second helical gear is installed on the outer wall of the first helical gear, and a plurality of groups of filter screens are arranged on the outer wall of the air drying box;
the flocking mechanism comprises a flocking machine connected with the supporting block, a first magnet is arranged at the bottom end of the flocking machine, and a discharge hole is fixed at one side of the bottom end of the flocking machine, which is positioned on the first magnet;
the collecting mechanism comprises a collecting box connected with the fixed groove, one end of the collecting box is provided with a rotating door, the top end of the collecting box is provided with a telescopic opening, the outer wall of the telescopic opening is fixed with a clamping strip, the top end of the telescopic opening is provided with a second magnet, a one-way valve is arranged inside the telescopic opening, a sliding groove is fixed on one side of the clamping strip on the outer wall of the telescopic opening, the inside of the collecting box is provided with a lifting plate, one end of the lifting plate is fixed with a first fixing plate, one side of the lifting plate is connected with a moving block, a fifth rotating rod is arranged in the first fixing plate, the outer wall of the fifth rotating rod is connected with a torsion spring at one side of the first fixing plate, the top end of the torsion spring is provided with a rotating rod, the second fixed plate is installed to one side of rotary rod, the top of lifter plate is fixed with the spring, the sixth dwang is installed to one side of torsional spring.
Preferably, the outer wall of first gear be provided with second gear outer wall assorted latch, the outer wall evenly distributed of first crushing roller and second crushing roller has cutting blade, first dwang and first chain contact position department be provided with first chain inner wall assorted latch, third dwang and first chain contact position department be provided with first chain inner wall assorted latch, electrostatic generator and conducting block contact position department are provided with electrically conductive groove, the outer wall of third gear be provided with second chain inner wall assorted latch, the outer wall of fourth gear be provided with second chain inner wall assorted latch.
Preferably, the outer wall of the first bevel gear is provided with a latch matched with the outer wall of the second bevel gear, one side of the air drying box is provided with a feeding hole matched with the drying box, and the top end of the flocking machine is provided with a feeding hole matched with the bottom end of the air drying box.
Preferably, the outer wall of the sixth rotating rod is provided with a latch matched with the clamping strip, the top end of the collecting box is provided with a limiting block matched with the sliding groove, and the inner wall of the collecting box is provided with a sliding groove matched with the moving block.
Preferably, the motor is connected with the first rotating rod through the rotation of a rotating shaft and a coupling, the first gear is fixedly connected with the first rotating rod, the first rotating rod is fixedly connected with the first crushing roller, the first gear is connected with the first crushing roller through the rotation of a latch, the second gear is fixedly connected with the second rotating rod, the second rotating rod is fixedly connected with the second crushing roller, the first rotating rod is connected with the first chain through the rotation of the latch, the third rotating rod is fixedly connected with the connecting rod, the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the electrostatic generator, the electrostatic generator is fixedly connected with an adsorption plate, the conducting block is connected with the electrostatic generator through the rotation of the conducting block, the conducting block is fixedly connected with the connecting ring, the connecting ring is fixedly connected with a limit ring, the third rotating rod is fixedly connected with the third gear, the third gear is connected with the second chain through the rotation of the latch, the fourth gear is fixedly connected with the packing auger, and the packing auger is connected with the cleaning pool through the rotation.
Preferably, the collecting box rotates with the revolving door to be connected, the throat passes through the spout with the collecting box and is connected with the stopper, card strip and flexible mouthful fixed connection, throat and second magnet fixed connection, second magnet and check valve fixed connection, movable block and collecting box sliding connection, movable block and lifter plate fixed connection, first fixed plate rotates with the fifth dwang to be connected, torsional spring and fifth dwang fixed connection, torsional spring and rotary rod fixed connection, the sixth dwang rotates with the second fixed plate to be connected, the top fixed connection of second fixed plate and collecting box, fifth dwang and sixth dwang fixed connection, the outer wall of sixth dwang is provided with the latch with card strip outer wall engaged with.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the automobile leather cleaning and dedusting device, the mincing box, the hopper and the dedusting mechanism are arranged, the third rotating rod rotates to drive the third gear to rotate, the third gear rotates to drive the second chain to move, so that the fourth gear is driven to rotate, the auger rotates to drive the auger to rotate, the auger rotates to drive automobile leather in the cleaning pool to move towards the direction of the drying box, when the automobile leather moves to the inside of the drying box, a power switch of the drying box is started, the drying box dries the cleaned automobile leather through the inner part of the electric heating tube, and the auger drives the automobile leather to move towards the direction of the air drying mechanism while drying the automobile leather, so that a user can clean and dedust the automobile leather quickly and conveniently;
2. by arranging the air drying mechanism, the velvet beating mechanism, the conveyor belt and the collecting mechanism, when the second magnet moves to the bottom end of the discharge port, the magnetic force borne by the second magnet disappears, because the diameter of the outer wall of the telescopic port is the same as that of the inner wall of the discharge port, and because the magnetic force disappears, the second magnet is reset, so that the telescopic port box moves to the inside of the discharge port, because the bottom end inside the discharge port is provided with the inductive switch, when the inductive switch is contacted with the telescopic port, a weaker electric signal is emitted to the single chip microcomputer, the single chip microcomputer controls the conveyor belt to stop moving after receiving the electric signal, and simultaneously, the power switch of the velvet beating machine is turned on, so that the inside of the collecting box can be filled with velvet through the discharge port at the bottom end of the velvet beating machine and the telescopic port, when the inside of the collecting box is filled with the velvet, the automobile leather fiber velvet inside drives the lifting plate to move upwards, the lifting plate moves upwards to drive the first fixing plate to move, thereby it removes to drive the fifth dwang, the fifth dwang removes and drives the sixth dwang and remove, thereby it removes to opposite direction to drive the card strip, the card strip removes and drives flexible mouthful downstream, when flexible mouthful remove to when separating with the discharge gate, the stronger electric property number of inductive switch transmission to singlechip, singlechip control conveyer belt begins to remove simultaneous control and beats the switch of fine hair machine and close, will collect mechanism removal device main part after external when the conveyer belt, can accomplish the collection, convenient to use person's later stage uses and transportation, can not lead to a large amount of car leather fibre fine hair to dance everywhere in the simultaneous processing, save raw materials and to the healthy guarantee of user.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the adsorption plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the seasoning mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the texturing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the collection box of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the inventive flexible neck;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the lifter plate of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. mincing box; 2. a hopper; 3. a dust removal mechanism; 301. a motor; 302. a first rotating lever; 303. a first gear; 304. a first crushing roller; 305. a second gear; 306. a second rotating lever; 307. a second crushing roller; 308. a first chain; 309. a third rotating rod; 310. a first fan; 311. a connecting rod; 312. an electrostatic generator; 313. an adsorption plate; 314. a conductive block; 315. a connecting ring; 316. a limiting ring; 317. a third gear; 318. a second chain; 319. a fourth gear; 320. a packing auger; 4. a cleaning tank; 5. a drying box; 6. an air drying mechanism; 601. an air drying box; 602. a second fan; 603. a fourth rotating rod; 604. a first helical gear; 605. a second helical gear; 606. filtering with a screen; 7. a velvet beating mechanism; 701. a flocking machine; 702. a first magnet; 703. a discharge port; 8. a conveyor belt; 9. a collection mechanism; 901. a collection box; 902. a revolving door; 903. a flexible opening; 904. clamping the strip; 905. a one-way valve; 906. a chute; 907. a second magnet; 908. a lifting plate; 909. a first fixing plate; 910. a moving block; 911. a fifth rotating rod; 912. a torsion spring; 913. rotating the rod; 914. a second fixing plate; 915. a sixth rotating rod; 916. a spring; 10. fixing grooves; 11. and (7) a supporting block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art. The following describes an embodiment of the present invention based on its overall structure.
Referring to fig. 1-8, a waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device comprises a mincing box 1, a hopper 2 is connected inside the mincing box 1, a dust removing mechanism 3 is arranged on one side of the mincing box 1, a cleaning pool 4 is arranged at the bottom end of the mincing box 1, a drying box 5 is fixed on one side of the cleaning pool 4, an air drying mechanism 6 is connected on one side, away from the cleaning pool 4, of the drying box 5, a fluff beating mechanism 7 is arranged at the bottom end of the air drying mechanism 6, a supporting block 11 is fixed at the bottom end of the fluff beating mechanism 7, a conveying belt 8 is arranged on one side of the supporting block 11, a fixing groove 10 is fixed inside the conveying belt 8, and a collecting mechanism 9 is connected at the top end of the fixing groove 10;
the dust removing mechanism 3 comprises a first crushing roller 304 connected with the hopper 2, a first rotating rod 302 is fixed inside the first crushing roller 304, a motor 301 is installed at one end of the first rotating rod 302, a first gear 303 is connected to one end, away from the first crushing roller 304, of the outer wall of the first rotating rod 302, a second gear 305 is arranged on the outer wall of the first gear 303, a second rotating rod 306 is fixed inside the second gear 305, a second crushing roller 307 is installed on one side, away from the second gear 305, of the outer wall of the second rotating rod 306, a first chain 308 is connected to one side, located at the motor 301, of the outer wall of the first rotating rod 302, a third rotating rod 309 is installed below the first rotating rod 302 on the inner wall of the first chain 308, a first fan 310 is fixed on one side, away from the first fan 310, of the outer wall of the third rotating rod 309, a connecting rod 311 is arranged at one end, away from the first fan 310, an electrostatic generator 312 is installed on the outer wall of the connecting rod 311, an adsorption plate 313 is connected to the outer wall of the electrostatic generator 312, a conductive block 314 is connected to one side, located on the connecting rod 311, inside the electrostatic generator 312, a connecting ring 315 is connected to one end of the conductive block 314, a limiting ring 316 is fixed to one end, away from the conductive block 314, of the connecting ring 315, a third gear 317 is installed at one end, away from the limiting ring 316, of the outer wall of the third rotating rod 309, a second chain 318 is arranged on the outer wall of the third gear 317, a fourth gear 319 is fixed to the inner wall of the second chain 318, located below the third gear 317, and an auger 320 is arranged on one side of the fourth gear 319;
the air drying mechanism 6 comprises an air drying box 601 connected with the fluff beating mechanism 7, a second fan 602 is arranged at the bottom end of the inner wall of the air drying box 601, a fourth rotating rod 603 is fixed on the inner wall of the second fan 602, a first bevel gear 604 is connected to the top end of the fourth rotating rod 603, a second bevel gear 605 is arranged on the outer wall of the first bevel gear 604, and a plurality of groups of filter screens 606 are arranged on the outer wall of the air drying box 601;
the flocking mechanism 7 comprises a flocking machine 701 connected with the supporting block 11, the bottom end of the flocking machine 701 is provided with a first magnet 702, and a discharge hole 703 is fixed at one side of the first magnet 702 at the bottom end of the flocking machine 701;
the collecting mechanism 9 comprises a collecting box 901 connected with a fixed groove 10, a rotary door 902 is installed at one end of the collecting box 901, a telescopic opening 903 is arranged at the top end of the collecting box 901, a clamping strip 904 is fixed on the outer wall of the telescopic opening 903, a second magnet 907 is installed at the top end of the telescopic opening 903, a check valve 905 is arranged inside the telescopic opening 903, a sliding groove 906 is fixed on one side, located on the clamping strip 904, of the outer wall of the telescopic opening 903, a lifting plate 908 is installed inside the collecting box 901, a first fixed plate 909 is fixed at one end of the lifting plate 908, a moving block 910 is connected to one side of the lifting plate 908, a fifth rotating rod 911 is installed inside the first fixed plate 909, a torsion spring 912 is connected to one side, located on the first fixed plate 909, of the outer wall of the fifth rotating rod 911, a rotary rod 913 is arranged at the top end of the torsion spring 912, a second fixed plate 914 is installed on one side of the rotary rod 913, a spring 916 is fixed at the top end of the lifting plate 908, and a sixth rotating rod 915 is installed on one side of the torsion spring 915.
Please refer to fig. 2, the outer wall of the first gear 303 is provided with a latch matching with the outer wall of the second gear 305, the outer walls of the first and second crushing rollers 304 and 307 are uniformly distributed with cutting blades, the contact position between the first rotating rod 302 and the first chain 308 is provided with a latch matching with the inner wall of the first chain 308, the contact position between the third rotating rod 309 and the first chain 308 is provided with a latch matching with the inner wall of the first chain 308, the contact position between the electrostatic generator 312 and the conductive block 314 is provided with a conductive slot, the outer wall of the third gear 317 is provided with a latch matching with the inner wall of the second chain 318, and the outer wall of the fourth gear 319 is provided with a latch matching with the inner wall of the second chain 318, so that the motor 301 drives the packing auger 320 to rotate.
Please refer to fig. 4, the outer wall of the first bevel gear 604 is provided with a latch matching with the outer wall of the second bevel gear 605, one side of the air drying box 601 is provided with a feeding hole matching with the drying box 5, and the top end of the flocking machine 701 is provided with a feeding hole matching with the bottom end of the air drying box 601, so that the automobile leather can move inside the device body conveniently.
Please refer to fig. 7 and 8, the outer wall of the sixth rotating rod 915 is provided with a latch matched with the locking strip 904, the top end of the collecting box 901 is provided with a limiting block matched with the sliding slot 906, and the inner wall of the collecting box 901 is provided with a sliding slot matched with the moving block 910. And the clamping strip 904 is convenient to move to drive the sixth rotating rod 915 to rotate
Referring to fig. 2 and 4 again, the motor 301 and the first rotating rod 302 are rotatably connected to the coupling through a rotating shaft, the first gear 303 is fixedly connected to the first rotating rod 302, the first rotating rod 302 is fixedly connected to the first crushing roller 304, the first gear 303 is rotatably connected to the first crushing roller 304 through a latch, the second gear 305 is fixedly connected to the second rotating rod 306, the second rotating rod 306 is fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 307, the first rotating rod 302 is rotatably connected to the first chain 308 through a latch, the third rotating rod 309 is fixedly connected to the connecting rod 311, the connecting rod 311 is fixedly connected to the electrostatic generator 312, the electrostatic generator 312 is fixedly connected to the adsorption plate 313, the conductive block 314 is rotatably connected to the electrostatic generator 312, the conductive block 314 is fixedly connected to the connecting ring 315, and the connecting ring 315 is fixedly connected to the limiting ring 316, the third rotating rod 309 is fixedly connected with the third gear 317, the third gear 317 is rotatably connected with the second chain 318 through a latch, the fourth gear 319 is fixedly connected with the packing auger 320, and the packing auger 320 is rotatably connected with the cleaning pool 4, so that the motor 301 can drive the adsorption plate 313 to rotate conveniently.
Please refer to fig. 7 and 8, the collecting box 901 is rotatably connected to the revolving door 902, the telescopic opening 903 is connected to the collecting box 901 through the sliding slot 906 and the limiting block, the locking bar 904 is fixedly connected to the telescopic opening 903, the telescopic opening 903 is fixedly connected to the second magnet 907, the second magnet 907 is fixedly connected to the check valve 905, the moving block 910 is slidably connected to the collecting box 901, the moving block 910 is fixedly connected to the lifting plate 908, the first fixing plate 909 is rotatably connected to the fifth rotating rod 911, the torsion spring 912 is fixedly connected to the rotating rod 913, the rotating rod 913 is rotatably connected to the second fixing plate 914, the second fixing plate 914 is fixedly connected to the top end of the collecting box 901, the fifth rotating rod 911 is fixedly connected to the sixth rotating rod 915, and the outer wall of the sixth rotating rod 915 is provided with a locking tooth engaged with the outer wall of the locking bar 914, so that the lifting plate 908 drives the telescopic opening 903 to move.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, a user puts waste automobile leather into the hopper 2, a power switch of the motor 301 is started, an output end of the motor 301 drives the first rotating rod 302 to rotate, so as to drive the first gear 303 to rotate, the first gear 303 rotates to drive the second gear 305 to rotate, so as to drive the second rotating rod 306 to rotate, the first rotating rod 302 and the second rotating rod 306 rotate to drive the first crushing roller 304 and the second crushing roller 307 to rotate oppositely, and the waste automobile leather in the hopper 2 is crushed by blades on outer walls of the first crushing roller 304 and the second crushing roller 307;
when the first rotating rod 302 rotates, the first chain 308 is driven to move, so that the third rotating rod 309 is driven to rotate, the third rotating rod 309 drives the first fan 310 to rotate, meanwhile, the third rotating rod 309 drives the connecting rod 311 to rotate, the connecting rod 311 rotates to drive the static and static generator 312 to rotate, so that the adsorption plate 313 is driven to rotate, as the conductive block 314 is electrically connected with the external power supply through a wire, and the conductive block 314 is electrically connected with the static generator 312, the external power supply is electrically connected with the static generator 312 through the conductive block 314, static electricity generated by the static generator 312 is spread onto the adsorption plate 313, the adsorption plate 313 rotates to flap the crushed automobile leather and simultaneously adsorb dust on the surface of the automobile leather, and the automobile leather flapped by the adsorption plate 313 falls into the cleaning tank 4;
the third rotating rod 309 rotates to drive the third gear 317 to rotate, the third gear 317 rotates to drive the second chain 318 to move, so that the fourth gear 319 is driven to rotate, the fourth gear 319 rotates to drive the packing auger 320 to rotate, the packing auger 320 rotates to drive the automobile leather in the cleaning pool 4 to move towards the drying box 5, because the water filtering net is arranged at the contact position of the cleaning pool 4 and the drying box 5, when the packing auger 320 drives the automobile leather to move to the top end of the water filtering net, redundant water carried by the packing auger 320 is filtered through the water filtering net, the packing auger 320 drives the automobile leather to continuously move, when the automobile leather moves into the drying box 5, a power switch of the drying box 5 is started, the drying box 5 dries the cleaned automobile leather through an internal electric heating tube, and the packing auger 320 drives the automobile leather to move towards the air drying mechanism while drying the automobile leather;
the third rotating rod 309 rotates and simultaneously drives the second bevel gear 605 to rotate, so as to drive the non-first bevel gear 604 to rotate, the first bevel gear 604 rotates and drives the fourth rotating rod 603 to rotate, so as to drive the second fan 602 to rotate, the second fan 602 rotates to air-dry the dried automobile leather, and the automobile leather is conveyed into the flocking machine 701 by the wind power of the second fan 602 while being air-dried;
the power switch of the conveyor belt 8 is started, the conveyor belt 8 drives the collection box 901 to move, the collection box 901 drives the second magnet 907 to move, and because the magnetic poles of the first magnet 702 and the second magnet 907 are the same, when the second magnet 907 moves to the bottom end of the first magnet 702, the second magnet 907 moves downwards under the influence of magnetic force, the second magnet 907 moves downwards to drive the expansion port 903 to move downwards, so that the clamping strip 904 is driven to move downwards, the clamping strip moves downwards to drive the sixth rotating rod 915 to rotate, so that the fifth rotating rod 911 rotates, so that the torsion spring 912 is driven to wind, so that the fifth rotating rod 911 moves, the fifth rotating rod 911 moves to drive the first fixing plate 909 to move, so that the lifting plate 908 moves, and the lifting plate 908 moves to compress the spring 916;
when the second magnet 907 moves to the bottom end of the discharge port 703, the magnetic force applied to the second magnet 907 disappears, the diameter of the outer wall of the telescopic port 903 is the same as the diameter of the inner wall of the discharge port 703, and the second magnet 907 resets due to the disappearance of the magnetic force, so that the telescopic port 903 box moves to the inside of the discharge port 703, because the bottom end inside the discharge port 703 is provided with the inductive switch, when the inductive switch contacts with the telescopic port 903, the inductive switch emits a weaker electric signal to the single chip microcomputer, the single chip microcomputer controls the conveyor belt 8 to stop moving after receiving the electric signal, and simultaneously, the power switch of the flocking machine 701 is turned on, so that the inside of the collecting box 901 can be flocked through the discharge port 703 and the telescopic port 903 at the bottom end of the flocking machine 701, when the inside of the collecting box 901 is full of flocked, the automobile leather fiber flock inside the collecting box drives the lifting plate 908 to move upwards, the lifting plate 908 moves upwards to drive the first fixing plate 909 to move, so as to drive the fifth rotating rod 911 to move, fifth dwang 911 removes and drives sixth dwang 915 and remove, thereby it removes to opposite direction to drive card strip 904, card strip 904 removes and drives flexible mouthful 903 downstream, when flexible mouthful 903 removes to when separating with discharge gate 703, the stronger electrical property number of inductive switch transmission to singlechip, singlechip control conveyer belt 8 begins to remove simultaneous control and beats the switch of fine hair machine 701 and close, after conveyer belt 8 will collect mechanism 9 and remove outside the device main part, can accomplish the collection, convenient to use person's later stage uses and transports, can not lead to a large amount of car leather fibre fine hair to fly and dance everywhere in the course of working simultaneously, save raw materials and to the healthy guarantee of user.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a reducing mechanism is retrieved to junked automobile leather, includes and rubs case (1), its characterized in that: the automatic drying machine is characterized in that a hopper (2) is connected inside the mincing box (1), a dust removing mechanism (3) is arranged on one side of the mincing box (1), a cleaning pool (4) is installed at the bottom end of the mincing box (1), a drying box (5) is fixed on one side of the cleaning pool (4), an air drying mechanism (6) is connected on one side, away from the cleaning pool (4), of the drying box (5), a fluff beating mechanism (7) is arranged at the bottom end of the air drying mechanism (6), a supporting block (11) is fixed at the bottom end of the fluff beating mechanism (7), a conveying belt (8) is installed on one side of the supporting block (11), a fixing groove (10) is fixed inside the conveying belt (8), and a collecting mechanism (9) is connected at the top end of the fixing groove (10);
the dust removal mechanism (3) comprises a first crushing roller (304) connected with a hopper (2), a first rotating rod (302) is fixed inside the first crushing roller (304), a motor (301) is installed at one end of the first rotating rod (302), one end, far away from the first crushing roller (304), of the outer wall of the first rotating rod (302) is connected with a first gear (303), the outer wall of the first gear (303) is provided with a second gear (305), a second rotating rod (306) is fixed inside the second gear (305), a second crushing roller (307) is installed at one side, located on the second gear (305), of the outer wall of the second rotating rod (306), a first chain (308) is connected to one side, located on the motor (301), of the outer wall of the first rotating rod (302), and a third chain (309) is installed below the inner wall of the first rotating rod (302), one side that the outer wall of third dwang (309) is located first chain (308) is fixed with first fan (310), the one end that first fan (310) was kept away from to the outer wall of third dwang (309) is provided with connecting rod (311), electrostatic generator (312) are installed to the outer wall of connecting rod (311), the outer wall connection of electrostatic generator (312) has adsorption plate (313), one side that the inside of electrostatic generator (312) is located connecting rod (311) is connected with conducting block (314), the one end of conducting block (314) is connected with go-between (315), the one end that conducting block (314) were kept away from in go-between (315) is fixed with spacing ring (316), the one end that spacing ring (316) was kept away from to the outer wall of third dwang (309) is installed third gear (317), the outer wall of third gear (317) is provided with second chain (318), a fourth gear (319) is fixed on the inner wall of the second chain (318) below the third gear (317), and a packing auger (320) is arranged on one side of the fourth gear (319);
the air drying mechanism (6) comprises an air drying box (601) connected with the fluff beating mechanism (7), a second fan (602) is arranged at the bottom end of the inner wall of the air drying box (601), a fourth rotating rod (603) is fixed on the inner wall of the second fan (602), a first bevel gear (604) is connected to the top end of the fourth rotating rod (603), a second bevel gear (605) is installed on the outer wall of the first bevel gear (604), and a plurality of groups of filter screens (606) are arranged on the outer wall of the air drying box (601);
the velvet beating mechanism (7) comprises a velvet beating machine (701) connected with the supporting block (11), a first magnet (702) is arranged at the bottom end of the velvet beating machine (701), and a discharge hole (703) is fixed at one side, located on the first magnet (702), of the bottom end of the velvet beating machine (701);
the collecting mechanism (9) comprises a collecting box (901) connected with a fixing groove (10), a rotating door (902) is installed at one end of the collecting box (901), a telescopic opening (903) is formed in the top end of the collecting box (901), a clamping strip (904) is fixed on the outer wall of the telescopic opening (903), a second magnet (907) is installed at the top end of the telescopic opening (903), a one-way valve (905) is arranged inside the telescopic opening (903), a sliding groove (906) is fixed on one side, located on the clamping strip (904), of the outer wall of the telescopic opening (903), a lifting plate (908) is installed inside the collecting box (901), a first fixing plate (909) is fixed at one end of the lifting plate (908), a moving block (910) is connected to one side of the lifting plate (908), a fifth rotating rod (911) is installed inside the first fixing plate (909), and a torsion spring (912) is connected to one side, located on the first fixing plate (909), of the outer wall of the fifth rotating rod (911), the top of torsional spring (912) is provided with rotary rod (913), second fixed plate (914) are installed to one side of rotary rod (913), the top of lifter plate (908) is fixed with spring (916), sixth dwang (915) are installed to one side of torsional spring (912).
2. The waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer wall of first gear (303) is provided with second gear (305) outer wall assorted latch, the outer wall evenly distributed of first crushing roller (304) and second crushing roller (307) has cutting blade, first dwang (302) and first chain (308) contact position department be provided with first chain (308) inner wall assorted latch, third dwang (309) and first chain (308) contact position department be provided with first chain (308) inner wall assorted latch, static generator (312) and conducting block (314) contact position department are provided with the conducting groove, the outer wall of third gear (317) be provided with second chain (318) inner wall assorted latch, the outer wall of fourth gear (319) be provided with second chain (318) inner wall assorted latch.
3. The waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer wall of the first bevel gear (604) is provided with clamping teeth matched with the outer wall of the second bevel gear (605), one side of the air drying box (601) is provided with a feeding hole matched with the drying box (5), and the top end of the flocking machine (701) is provided with a feeding hole matched with the bottom end of the air drying box (601).
4. The waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer wall of the sixth rotating rod (915) is provided with clamping teeth matched with the clamping strips (904), the top end of the collecting box (901) is provided with a limiting block matched with the sliding groove (906), and the inner wall of the collecting box (901) is provided with a sliding groove matched with the moving block (910).
5. The waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the utility model discloses a motor, including motor (301) and first dwang (302) and shaft coupling, first gear (303) and first dwang (302) fixed connection, first dwang (302) and first crushing roller (304) fixed connection, first gear (303) and first crushing roller (304) rotate through the latch and are connected, second gear (305) and second dwang (306) fixed connection, second dwang (306) and second crushing roller (307) fixed connection, first dwang (302) rotate through the latch with first chain (308) and are connected, third dwang (309) and connecting rod (311) fixed connection, connecting rod (311) and static generator (312) fixed connection, static generator (312) and adsorption plate (313) fixed connection, conductive block (314) rotate with electrostatic generator (312) and are connected, conductive block (314) and go-between (315) fixed connection, go-between (315) and spacing ring (316) fixed connection, third dwang (309) and third gear (317) fixed connection, third gear (317) rotate with second chain (318) through the latch and are connected, fourth gear (319) and auger (320) fixed connection, auger (320) are connected through rotating with washing pond (4).
6. The waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the collecting box (901) is rotatably connected with the rotating door (902), the telescopic opening (903) and the collecting box (901) are connected with the limiting block through a sliding chute (906), the clamping strip (904) is fixedly connected with the telescopic opening (903), the telescopic opening (903) is fixedly connected with a second magnet (907), the second magnet (907) is fixedly connected with a one-way valve (905), the moving block (910) is slidably connected with the collecting box (901), the moving block (910) is fixedly connected with the lifting plate (908), the first fixing plate (909) is rotatably connected with a fifth rotating rod (911), the torsion spring (912) is fixedly connected with the rotating rod (913), the sixth rotating rod (913) is rotatably connected with a second fixing plate (914), and the second fixing plate (914) is fixedly connected with the top end of the collecting box (901), fifth dwang (911) and sixth dwang (915) fixed connection, the outer wall of sixth dwang (915) is provided with the latch with calorie strip (914) outer wall looks meshing.
CN202110555685.6A 2021-05-21 2021-05-21 Waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device Active CN113249530B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110555685.6A CN113249530B (en) 2021-05-21 2021-05-21 Waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110555685.6A CN113249530B (en) 2021-05-21 2021-05-21 Waste automobile leather recycling and smashing device

Publications (2)

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CN113249530A true CN113249530A (en) 2021-08-13
CN113249530B CN113249530B (en) 2022-05-24

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205999539U (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-03-08 福建永盛皮革制品有限公司 A kind of multifunctional leather unhairing machine
CN208038470U (en) * 2018-02-13 2018-11-02 辛集市宏四海皮革有限公司 A kind of leather dust collecting compression set
CN208213336U (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-12-11 吴勤俭 A kind of heavy duty detergent waste leather pulverizer
CN211689114U (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-10-16 江西布威隆科技有限公司 Leather buffing machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205999539U (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-03-08 福建永盛皮革制品有限公司 A kind of multifunctional leather unhairing machine
CN208213336U (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-12-11 吴勤俭 A kind of heavy duty detergent waste leather pulverizer
CN208038470U (en) * 2018-02-13 2018-11-02 辛集市宏四海皮革有限公司 A kind of leather dust collecting compression set
CN211689114U (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-10-16 江西布威隆科技有限公司 Leather buffing machine

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