CN113008497A - Test device for performance evaluation under action of dislocation load of buried pressurizing pipeline - Google Patents

Test device for performance evaluation under action of dislocation load of buried pressurizing pipeline Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113008497A
CN113008497A CN202110189974.9A CN202110189974A CN113008497A CN 113008497 A CN113008497 A CN 113008497A CN 202110189974 A CN202110189974 A CN 202110189974A CN 113008497 A CN113008497 A CN 113008497A
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China
Prior art keywords
box body
sliding
loading
pipeline
oblique
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CN202110189974.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113008497B (en
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刘锋
杨玉超
董锡同
徐通
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M7/00Vibration-testing of structures; Shock-testing of structures
    • G01M7/02Vibration-testing by means of a shake table
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M5/00Investigating the elasticity of structures, e.g. deflection of bridges or air-craft wings
    • G01M5/0041Investigating the elasticity of structures, e.g. deflection of bridges or air-craft wings by determining deflection or stress
    • G01M5/005Investigating the elasticity of structures, e.g. deflection of bridges or air-craft wings by determining deflection or stress by means of external apparatus, e.g. test benches or portable test systems
    • G01M5/0058Investigating the elasticity of structures, e.g. deflection of bridges or air-craft wings by determining deflection or stress by means of external apparatus, e.g. test benches or portable test systems of elongated objects, e.g. pipes, masts, towers or railways
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/32Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying repeated or pulsating forces
    • G01N3/36Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying repeated or pulsating forces generated by pneumatic or hydraulic means

Abstract

The invention discloses a test device for performance evaluation under the action of a dislocation load of a buried pressurizing pipeline, which comprises a bracket, a separable box body, a pipeline, a loading assembly, an angle adjusting assembly, a pressurizing assembly and a data acquisition assembly, wherein the detachable box body is provided with a loading hole; the separable box body comprises a fixed end box body and a sliding end box body, the lower part of the bracket is fixed on the rigid floor, and the upper part of the bracket is fixedly connected with the fixed end box body of the separable box body; two ends of the pipeline are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of the separable box body; the end part of the pipeline is connected with a pressurizing assembly, and the loading assembly is connected with a sliding end box body of the separable box body and is used for realizing axial and oblique dislocation loading of the box body; the data acquisition assembly comprises a pressure sensor, a DIC, an electromagnetic flowmeter, a dynamic acquisition instrument, a computer terminal and the like. The invention can realize accurate and convenient measurement of the three-dimensional space behavior of the pipeline under the action of the earthquake.

Description

Test device for performance evaluation under action of dislocation load of buried pressurizing pipeline
Technical Field
The invention relates to a test device for simulating dynamic behavior prediction of a pressurizing pipeline under the action of an earthquake, in particular to a test device for performance evaluation of a buried pressurizing pipeline under the action of a diastrophism load.
Background
The dynamic behavior of the pressurized pipeline under the action of the earthquake is an important engineering problem concerning the pipeline safety and the environmental safety, and is an important basis for establishing a mechanical analysis model, designing the whole service life of the pipeline and predicting disasters. In the prior art, no mature test device special for identifying the descending of the pressurizing pipeline under the action of the earthquake reciprocating load and comparing and identifying key influence factors exists. In the test process of the test pipeline under the action of earthquake, an experimenter usually performs the test by a static test method similar to a concrete column, the experiment slowly applies transverse shearing force to the end wall surface of a single pipeline through a loading device which is vertical to the span direction of the pipeline, and the shearing force-lateral displacement relation of the experiment is recorded in the loading process. However, the experimental method cannot truly reflect the randomness of the direction of the pipe in the process of being subjected to seismic excitation, and cannot sufficiently investigate and compare the response characteristics of the type of the filling medium and the pressure level in the pipe to the pipe under the action of reciprocating loads, so that the prediction distortion of the overall response behavior of the pipe and the investigation error of influence factors are caused, and the main characteristics of the performance of the pipe under the action of the earthquake cannot be accurately reflected.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the technical problems, the invention provides a test device for performance evaluation under the action of a dislocation load of a buried pressurizing pipeline.
The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
a test device for performance evaluation under the action of a dislocation load of a buried pressurizing pipeline comprises a separable box body, a loading assembly, a pressurizing assembly and a data acquisition assembly;
the separable box body comprises a fixed end box body and a sliding end box body; the fixed end box body is of a combined type and comprises a fixed structural part and a sliding structural part which can be adjusted back and forth relative to the fixed structural part in the axial direction, the bottom of the fixed structural part is fixedly connected with the support, the sliding structural part is embedded in the fixed structural part, a plurality of first strip-shaped grooves in the horizontal direction are formed in two sides of the sliding structural part, a plurality of first internal thread holes are formed in the positions, corresponding to the first strip-shaped grooves, of the two sides of the fixed structural part, after the sliding structural part horizontally slides to a proper position along the fixed structural part, a first bolt penetrates through the first strip-shaped grooves and then is screwed into the first internal thread holes corresponding to the fixed structural part, so that the;
the sliding end box body is also combined and comprises an oblique loading piece and a transverse loading piece which can be axially adjusted back and forth relative to the oblique loading piece, the transverse loading piece is embedded in the oblique loading piece, a plurality of second bar-shaped grooves in the horizontal direction are formed in two sides of the transverse loading piece, a plurality of second internal thread holes are formed in the positions, corresponding to the second bar-shaped grooves of the transverse loading piece, of the two sides of the oblique loading piece, and after the transverse loading piece horizontally slides to a proper position along the oblique loading piece, a second bolt penetrates through the second bar-shaped grooves and then is screwed into the second internal thread holes corresponding to the oblique loading piece so as to fixedly connect the transverse loading piece and the oblique loading piece;
a pipeline penetrates through the interior of the separable box body, wherein the fixed end box body is positioned at one end of the pipeline, the sliding end box body is positioned at the other end of the pipeline, and the fixed end box body is separated from the sliding end box body; soil for burying the pipeline is filled in the fixed end box body, the sliding end box body and the space between the fixed end box body and the sliding end box body;
the loading assembly comprises an actuator, a loading frame and a linear guide rail, the actuator comprises a transverse loading actuator, a first oblique loading actuator and a second oblique loading actuator, the loading frame comprises a transverse loading frame and an oblique loading frame, and the linear guide rail comprises a transverse linear guide rail and a vertical linear guide rail;
the telescopic rod of the transverse loading actuator is connected with one end of a transverse loading frame, the other end of the transverse loading frame is connected with a transverse loading piece of the sliding end box body, a first sliding block is arranged at the root of the transverse loading actuator, and the first sliding block is arranged on the vertical linear guide rail;
the two oblique loading frames are respectively a first oblique loading frame and a second oblique loading frame, the telescopic rod of the first oblique loading actuator is connected with the upper part of the first oblique loading frame, the lower part of the first oblique loading frame is connected with one end of the bottom of the oblique loading piece of the sliding end box body, the telescopic rod of the second oblique loading actuator is connected with the upper part of the second oblique loading frame, and the lower part of the second oblique loading frame is connected with the other end of the bottom of the oblique loading piece of the sliding end box body; the roots of the first oblique loading actuator and the second oblique loading actuator are respectively provided with a second sliding block, and the second sliding blocks are arranged on the transverse linear guide rail;
the pressurizing assembly comprises a pressure pump station, the pressure pump station is connected with a pressurizing end of the pipeline through a high-pressure hose, and the other end of the pipeline is a measuring end;
the data acquisition assembly comprises a pressure sensor, a non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system, an electromagnetic flowmeter, a dynamic acquisition instrument and a computer terminal; the pressure sensor is arranged at the measuring end of the pipeline, and the non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measuring system is provided with two systems, namely a top non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measuring system for monitoring the deformation of the soil body from the upper part of the separable box body and a lateral non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measuring system for monitoring the displacement of the box body from one side of the separable box body; the electromagnetic flowmeter is arranged on the pipeline; the pressure sensor, the non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system and the electromagnetic flowmeter are all in communication connection with the dynamic acquisition instrument and the computer terminal through signal lines.
Preferably, the test device further comprises angle adjusting components for adjusting the oblique loading angle, wherein the angle adjusting components are arranged on two sides of the separable box body and are symmetrically distributed; the angle adjusting assembly comprises a loading slide way and an angle adjusting slide groove, the loading slide way comprises a linear slide rail and a slide rod capable of moving along the linear slide rail, a third slide block is arranged on one side of the slide rod, and the third slide block is installed on the linear slide rail;
the bottom of the linear slide rail is rotatably connected with one end of a fixed rotating shaft connecting rod, and the fixed rotating shaft connecting rod is arranged at the bottom of a fixed structural part of the fixed end box body;
the angle adjusting sliding groove comprises a first angle adjusting sliding groove and a second angle adjusting sliding groove, the first angle adjusting sliding groove is arranged on the support, a first connecting rod is arranged between the first angle adjusting sliding groove and the linear sliding rail, one end of the first connecting rod is hinged with the middle part of the linear sliding rail, a fourth sliding block is arranged at the other end of the first connecting rod, and the fourth sliding block is arranged on the first angle adjusting sliding groove;
the second angle adjusting chute is arranged on one side of the bottom of the sliding end box body, one end of the second angle adjusting chute is connected with one end of the first supporting rod, the other end of the second angle adjusting chute is connected with one end of the second supporting rod, the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod are respectively vertical to the sliding end box body, and the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod are respectively arranged at two ends of the bottom of the oblique loading piece of the sliding end box body; two ends of the first supporting rod are correspondingly and rotatably connected with two ends of the bottom of the first oblique loading frame, and two ends of the second supporting rod are correspondingly and rotatably connected with two ends of the bottom of the second oblique loading frame;
a sliding rotating shaft connecting rod is arranged at the bottom of the sliding end box body and close to the first supporting rod in parallel, and the end part of the sliding rotating shaft connecting rod is rotatably connected with the bottom of the sliding rod;
the second angle adjusting sliding groove comprises two sliding grooves which are arranged in parallel, namely an inner sliding groove and an outer sliding groove, a second connecting rod is arranged between the inner sliding groove and the sliding rod, one end of the second connecting rod is hinged with the upper part of the sliding rod, the other end of the second connecting rod is provided with a fifth sliding block, and the fifth sliding block is arranged on the inner sliding groove; a third connecting rod is arranged between the outer chute and the first oblique loading frame, one end of the third connecting rod is hinged with the middle lower part of the first oblique loading frame, a sixth sliding block is arranged at the other end of the third connecting rod, the sixth sliding block is installed on the outer chute, a fourth connecting rod is arranged between the outer chute and the second oblique loading frame, one end of the fourth connecting rod is hinged with the middle lower part of the second oblique loading frame, a seventh sliding block is arranged at the other end of the fourth connecting rod, and the seventh sliding block is also installed on the outer chute;
and the roots of the first oblique loading actuator and the second oblique loading actuator are correspondingly and rotatably connected with the second sliding block.
Preferably, the fixed end box body is cut from the bottom close to one end of the sliding end box body to the oblique upper part of the other end to form a slope; arc-shaped baffles are arranged on two sides of the fixed end box body, which form a slope surface, and each arc-shaped baffle comprises a first arc-shaped baffle and a second arc-shaped baffle which are separated from each other, the first arc-shaped baffle is connected with a linear slide rail of the loading slide, and the second arc-shaped baffle is connected with a slide rod of the loading slide.
Preferably, after the first bolt is screwed in the first internal threaded hole, the end part of the first bolt does not extend out of the outer surface of the fixed structural member; and after the second bolt is screwed in the second internal threaded hole, the end part of the second bolt does not extend out of the outer surface of the oblique loading piece.
Preferably, a rubber plate for preventing soil from scattering in the test process is laid between the fixed end box body and the bottom of the sliding end box body along the axial direction of the pipeline.
Preferably, the inside of detachable box is provided with vertical baffle, and vertical baffle separates into a plurality of independent space with the inside of detachable box, the pipeline sets up many, all has the arrangement in every independent space.
Preferably, the oblique loading frame is U-shaped, the transverse loading frame is cuboid frame-shaped, and the measuring end of the pipeline is located inside the transverse loading frame.
Preferably, the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the third sliding block, the fourth sliding block, the fifth sliding block, the sixth sliding block and the seventh sliding block are all provided with locking bolts for locking and fixing the sliding blocks.
Preferably, a pressurizing end sealing assembly is arranged at a pressurizing end of the pipeline, the pressurizing end sealing assembly comprises a first quick-connection female head, a first quick-connection male head, a high-pressure ball valve, a first clamping sleeve male head, a first sealing clamping ring and a first clamping sleeve female head which are sequentially connected, the first quick-connection female head is connected with the high-pressure hose, the first clamping sleeve female head is connected with the end part of the pipeline, and the electromagnetic flowmeter is arranged between the high-pressure ball valve and the first clamping sleeve male head;
the measuring end of pipeline is provided with measuring end seal assembly, and measuring end seal assembly is including the female head of second cutting ferrule, the sealed snap ring of second, the public head of second cutting ferrule, to silk, the public head of second meet soon and the female head of second meet soon that connect gradually, and the female head of second cutting ferrule is connected with the end connection of pipeline, pressure sensor is connected with the female head of second meet soon.
Preferably, the data acquisition assembly further comprises a strain gauge and a displacement meter, and the strain gauge and the displacement meter are also in communication connection with the dynamic acquisition instrument and the computer terminal through signal lines.
The beneficial technical effects of the invention are as follows:
the invention provides a test device for performance evaluation under the action of a buried soil pressurizing pipeline dislocation load, which can realize tests of 3 working conditions of single axial tension/compression load, oblique dislocation loading with axial tension/compression and oblique dislocation loading without axial tension/compression through a loading assembly, and can realize accurate and convenient determination of three-dimensional space behaviors of a pipeline under the action of an earthquake on the basis of test determination, data acquisition and the like.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall view of a test apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the oblique dislocation loading of the test apparatus;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the test apparatus with the addition of a spacer;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the axial loading of the test apparatus;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an angle adjustment assembly in the test apparatus;
FIG. 6 is a first detail view of the angle adjustment assembly;
FIG. 7 is a second detail view of the angle adjustment assembly;
FIG. 8 is an exploded view of a fixed end housing of the testing apparatus;
FIG. 9 is an exploded view of the sliding end housing;
FIG. 10 is an exploded view of the seal assembly at the charging end of the pipeline;
FIG. 11 is an exploded view of a seal assembly at a measuring end of a pipe.
In the figure: 1-a fixed end box, 101-a fixed structure, 102-a sliding structure, 103-a first bar-shaped groove, 104-a first internally threaded hole, 105-a first bolt, 2-a sliding end box, 201-a diagonal load, 202-a lateral load, 203-a second bar-shaped groove, 204-a second internally threaded hole, 205-a second bolt, 3-a bracket, 4-a pipe, 5-a lateral load actuator, 6-a first diagonal load actuator, 7-a second diagonal load actuator, 8-a lateral load frame, 9-a first diagonal load frame, 10-a lateral linear guide, 11-a vertical linear guide, 12-a first slide block, 13-a second diagonal load frame, 14-a second slide block, 15-a pressure pump station, 16-pressure sensor, 17-electromagnetic flowmeter, 18-dynamic collector, 19-computer terminal, 20-top DIC, 21-lateral DIC, 22-signal line, 23-loading slideway, 2301-linear slide rail, 2302-sliding rod, 24-third slide block, 25-fixed rotating shaft connecting rod, 26-first angle adjusting sliding groove, 27-second angle adjusting sliding groove, 2701-inner sliding groove, 2702-outer sliding groove, 28-first connecting rod, 29-fourth slide block, 30-sliding rotating shaft connecting rod, 31-second connecting rod, 32-fifth slide block, 33-third connecting rod, 34-sixth slide block, 35-fourth connecting rod, 36-seventh slide block, 37-fifth connecting rod, 38-sixth connecting rod, 39-slope, 40-a first arc baffle, 41-a second arc baffle, 42-a vertical partition, 43-an independent space, 44-a locking bolt, 45-a first quick-connection female head, 46-a first quick-connection male head, 47-a high-pressure ball valve, 48-a first clamping sleeve male head, 49-a first sealing snap ring, 50-a first clamping sleeve female head, 51-a second clamping sleeve female head, 52-a second sealing snap ring, 53-a second clamping sleeve male head, 54-a pair of wires, 55-a second quick-connection male head, 56-a second quick-connection female head, 57-a displacement meter, 58-a high-pressure hose and 59-a hydraulic chuck.
Detailed Description
The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline comprises a separable box body, a loading assembly, a pressurizing assembly and a data acquisition assembly.
The separable box body comprises a fixed end box body 1 and a sliding end box body 2. The fixed end box body 1 is of a combined type and comprises a fixed structural part 101 and a sliding structural part 102 capable of being adjusted back and forth relative to the axial direction of the fixed structural part, the fixed structural part 101 is of a U-shaped structure, the left side, the right side and the top of the fixed structural part are both open, the sliding structural part 102 is of a drawer-shaped structure, and the top and one side of the sliding structural part are open. The bottom of the fixed structure 101 is fixedly connected with the upper part of the bracket 3, the bracket 3 is made of section steel, and the lower part is fixed on the rigid floor. The sliding structural member 102 is embedded in the fixed structural member 101, the size of the sliding structural member 102 is slightly smaller than that of the fixed structural member 101, a plurality of first bar-shaped grooves 103 in the horizontal direction are formed in two sides of the sliding structural member, and a plurality of first internal thread holes 104 are formed in positions, corresponding to the first bar-shaped grooves, of the two sides of the fixed structural member. After the sliding structural member horizontally slides to a proper position along the fixed structural member, the first bolt 105 passes through the first strip-shaped groove and then is screwed into the corresponding first internal threaded hole of the fixed structural member to realize the fixed connection between the sliding structural member 102 and the fixed structural member 101.
The sliding end box body 2 is also of a combined type and comprises an oblique loading piece 201 and a transverse loading piece 202 which can be adjusted back and forth relative to the axial direction of the oblique loading piece, the same oblique loading piece 201 is of a U-shaped structure, the left side, the right side and the top of the oblique loading piece are both open, the transverse loading piece 202 is of a drawer-shaped structure, and the top and one side of the transverse loading piece are open. The size of the transverse loading piece 202 is slightly smaller than that of the oblique loading piece 201, the transverse loading piece 202 is embedded in the oblique loading piece 201, a plurality of second strip-shaped grooves 203 in the horizontal direction are formed in two sides of the transverse loading piece 202, and a plurality of second internal thread holes 204 are formed in positions, corresponding to the second strip-shaped grooves, of the two sides of the oblique loading piece. After the transverse loading piece horizontally slides to a proper position along the oblique loading piece, the second bolt 205 penetrates through the second strip-shaped groove and then is screwed into the second internal threaded hole corresponding to the oblique loading piece so as to fixedly connect the transverse loading piece and the oblique loading piece.
Pass in the inside of detachable box has pipeline 4, and wherein the stiff end box is located the one end of pipeline 4, and the slip end box is located the other end of pipeline 4, and stiff end box and slip end box phase separation. Two ends of the pipeline 4 are correspondingly and fixedly connected with two ends of the separable box body. The soil body for burying the pipeline is filled in the inside of the fixed end box body, the inside of the sliding end box body and the space between the fixed end box body and the sliding end box body.
The fixed end box body 1 and the sliding end box body 2 of the separable box body are combined, and the length of each box body can be adjusted to perform dislocation loading tests on pipelines with different lengths and different positions of the pipelines.
The loading assembly is connected with the sliding end box body of the separable box body and comprises an actuator, a loading frame and a linear guide rail. The actuators comprise a transverse loading actuator 5, a first oblique loading actuator 6 and a second oblique loading actuator 7, the loading frame comprises a transverse loading frame 8 and an oblique loading frame, and the linear guide rail comprises a transverse linear guide rail 10 and a vertical linear guide rail 11.
The telescopic rod of the transverse loading actuator 5 is connected with one end of the transverse loading frame 8, the other end of the transverse loading frame 8 is connected with the transverse loading piece 202 of the sliding end box body, the root of the transverse loading actuator 5 is provided with a first sliding block 12, and the first sliding block 12 is installed on the vertical linear guide rail 11.
The two slant loading frames are respectively a first slant loading frame 9 and a second slant loading frame 13, the telescopic rod of the first slant loading actuator 6 is connected with the upper part of the first slant loading frame 9, and the lower part of the first slant loading frame 9 is connected with one end of the bottom of the slant loading piece 201 of the sliding end box body. The telescopic rod of the second oblique loading actuator 7 is connected with the upper part of the second oblique loading frame 13, and the lower part of the second oblique loading frame 13 is connected with the other end of the bottom of the oblique loading piece 201 of the sliding end box body. And a second sliding block 14 is arranged at the root of each of the first oblique loading actuator and the second oblique loading actuator, and the second sliding block 14 is installed on the transverse linear guide rail 10.
The pressurizing assembly comprises a pressure pump station 15, the pressure pump station 15 is connected with the pressurizing end of the pipeline 4 through a high-pressure hose 58, and the other end of the pipeline 4 is a measuring end. The pressure pump station 15 can fill each pipeline with liquid or gas medium and apply different pressure values.
The data acquisition assembly comprises a pressure sensor 16, a non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system, an electromagnetic flowmeter 17, a dynamic acquisition instrument 18 and a computer terminal 19. The pressure sensor 16 is installed at the measuring end of each pipeline, and the non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system is provided with two, namely a top non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system for monitoring the deformation of the soil body from the upper part of the separable box body, which is referred to as top DIC 20 for short, and a lateral non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system for monitoring the displacement of the box body from one side of the separable box body, which is referred to as lateral DIC 21 for short. The electromagnetic flowmeter 17 is installed at the pressurizing end of the pipeline and used for monitoring and recording the flow rate of a medium or the volume of a fluid filled in the pipeline. The pressure sensor 16, the top DIC 20, the lateral DIC 21 and the electromagnetic flowmeter 17 are all in communication connection with the dynamic acquisition instrument and the computer terminal through signal lines 22.
As a further design of the invention, the test device further comprises an angle adjusting component for adjusting the oblique loading angle. The angle adjusting component can always keep the loading direction parallel to the loading slideway. The angle adjusting components are arranged on two sides of the separable box body and are symmetrically distributed. The angle adjusting assembly comprises a loading slideway 23 and an angle adjusting sliding chute, the loading slideway 23 comprises a linear sliding rail 2301 and a sliding rod 2302 capable of moving along the linear sliding rail, a third slider 24 is arranged on one side of the sliding rod 2302, and the third slider 24 is installed on the linear sliding rail 2301.
The third sliding block 24 may be provided in plurality and arranged at intervals along the linear sliding rail 2301. Further, a steel ball can be arranged at the contact position of the inner part of the third sliding block and the linear sliding rail, so that the friction force during sliding is further reduced.
The bottom of the linear slide rail 2301 is rotatably connected with one end of a fixed rotating shaft connecting rod 25, the fixed rotating shaft connecting rod 25 is arranged at the bottom of a fixed structural part 101 of the fixed end box body, and the fixed rotating shaft connecting rod 25 is rotatably connected with the bottom of the linear slide rail of the angle adjusting assembly at the other side.
The angle adjusting sliding groove comprises a first angle adjusting sliding groove 26 and a second angle adjusting sliding groove 27, the first angle adjusting sliding groove 26 is arranged on the support 3, a first connecting rod 28 is arranged between the first angle adjusting sliding groove 26 and the linear sliding rail 2301, one end of the first connecting rod 28 is hinged to the middle of the linear sliding rail, a fourth sliding block 29 is arranged at the other end of the first connecting rod, and the fourth sliding block 29 is installed on the first angle adjusting sliding groove 26.
The second angle adjusting sliding groove 27 is disposed at one side of the bottom of the sliding-end box 2, one end of the second angle adjusting sliding groove 27 is connected to one end of the first supporting rod 28, the other end of the second angle adjusting sliding groove 27 is connected to one end of the second supporting rod 29, the first supporting rod 28 and the second supporting rod 29 are perpendicular to the extending direction of the sliding-end box 2, and the first supporting rod 28 and the second supporting rod 29 are disposed at two ends of the bottom of the oblique loading member 201 of the sliding-end box. Correspondingly, a second angle adjusting sliding groove is also formed in the other side of the sliding end box body 2, and the other ends of the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod are connected with the left end and the right end of the other second angle adjusting sliding groove respectively. Two ends of the first supporting rod 28 are rotatably connected with two ends of the bottom of the first slant loading frame 9 correspondingly, and two ends of the second supporting rod 29 are rotatably connected with two ends of the bottom of the second slant loading frame 13 correspondingly.
A sliding rotating shaft connecting rod 30 is arranged at the bottom of the sliding end box body in parallel at a position close to the first supporting rod, and the end part of the sliding rotating shaft connecting rod 30 is rotatably connected with the bottom of the sliding rod 2302.
The second angle adjusting sliding groove comprises two sliding grooves which are arranged in parallel, namely an inner sliding groove 2701 and an outer sliding groove 2702, a second connecting rod 31 is arranged between the inner sliding groove 2701 and the sliding rod, one end of the second connecting rod 31 is hinged with the upper portion of the sliding rod, a fifth sliding block 32 is arranged at the other end of the second connecting rod, and the fifth sliding block 32 is installed on the inner sliding groove 2701. A third connecting rod 33 is arranged between the outer sliding groove and the first oblique loading frame, one end of the third connecting rod 33 is hinged with the middle lower part of the first oblique loading frame 9, the other end of the third connecting rod is provided with a sixth sliding block 34, and the sixth sliding block 34 is installed on the outer sliding groove 2702. A fourth connecting rod 35 is arranged between the outer sliding groove and the second oblique loading frame 13, one end of the fourth connecting rod 35 is hinged with the middle lower part of the second oblique loading frame, the other end of the fourth connecting rod is provided with a seventh sliding block 36, and the seventh sliding block 36 is also arranged on the outer sliding groove 2702.
The roots of the first oblique loading actuator 6 and the second oblique loading actuator 7 are correspondingly and rotatably connected with the connected second sliding block 14. A fifth connecting rod 37 is arranged between the first oblique loading actuator 6 and the transverse linear guide rail 10, one end of the fifth connecting rod 37 is hinged with the first oblique loading actuator 6, and the other end of the fifth connecting rod 37 is connected with an eighth sliding block which is arranged on the transverse linear guide rail. A sixth connecting rod 38 is arranged between the second oblique loading actuator 7 and the transverse linear guide 10, one end of the sixth connecting rod 38 is hinged with the second oblique loading actuator 7, and the other end of the sixth connecting rod 38 is connected with a ninth sliding block which is arranged on the transverse linear guide.
Further, the fixed end housing is cut obliquely upward from the bottom near one end of the sliding end housing to the other end to form a slope 39. If the slope surface can form an included angle of 70 degrees with the vertical direction so as to be matched with the realization of oblique loading at different angles, namely when oblique loading is carried out, the fixed end box body cannot influence the oblique upper movement of the sliding end box body due to the arrangement of the slope surface. The two sides of the fixed end box body forming the slope surface are provided with arc-shaped baffle plates, each arc-shaped baffle plate comprises a first arc-shaped baffle plate 40 and a second arc-shaped baffle plate 41 which are separated, the first arc-shaped baffle plates 40 are connected with the linear slide rail 2301 of the loading slide rail, and the second arc-shaped baffle plates 41 are connected with the slide rods 2302 of the loading slide rails.
Further, after the first bolt 105 is tightened in the first internally threaded hole, the end of the first bolt does not protrude out of the outer surface of the fixing structure. After the second bolt 205 is tightened in the second internally threaded hole, the end of the second bolt does not protrude out of the outer surface of the oblique loading member. This structural arrangement prevents the ends of the first and second bolts 105, 205 from being exposed to ensure that the rotation of the first and second arc stops 40, 41 is not impeded.
Furthermore, a high-elasticity rubber thin plate is laid between the bottom of the fixed end box body 1 and the bottom of the sliding end box body 2 along the axial direction of the pipeline to prevent soil from spilling in the test process.
Further, the inside of detachable box is provided with vertical baffle 42, and vertical baffle 42 divides the inside of detachable box into a plurality of independent space 43, the pipeline sets up many, all has the arrangement in every independent space. Through the structural arrangement, the pipelines can be tested at the same time under different soil burying depths, different soil body properties and different compactness, so that the response behavior difference of the pipelines under different burying conditions under the same external load can be compared.
Furthermore, the oblique loading frames, namely the first oblique loading frame 9 and the second oblique loading frame 13, are both U-shaped, the transverse loading frame 8 is cuboid frame-shaped, and the measuring end of the pipeline is located inside the transverse loading frame.
Further, the first slide block, the second slide block, the third slide block, the fourth slide block, the fifth slide block, the sixth slide block, the seventh slide block, the eighth slide block and the ninth slide block are all provided with locking bolts 44 for locking and fixing the slide blocks. Specifically, the upper sliding block is made of high-strength steel, is integrally in a cuboid shape with a middle through round hole, and is connected with the angle adjusting sliding groove and the like through a locking bolt. The angle adjustment spout material is high-strength steel, has rectangular shape spout along length direction in the middle of, and the spout width matches with the round hole and the locking bolt diameter of slider. The locking bolt can pass through the sliding grooves of the sliding block and the angle adjusting sliding groove and slide along the long strip-shaped sliding groove, and the angle can be fixed by screwing the locking bolt after the locking bolt slides to a proper position.
Further, the end of pressurizing of pipeline is provided with the end seal assembly that pressurizes, and the end seal assembly that pressurizes is including the first female head 45 that connects soon, first male head 46 that connects soon, high-pressure ball valve 47, first cutting ferrule male head 48, first sealed snap ring 49 and the female head 50 of first cutting ferrule that connect gradually, first female head 45 that connects soon is connected with high-pressure hose 16, and the end connection of first cutting ferrule female head 50 and pipeline 4, electromagnetic flowmeter 17 arranges between high-pressure ball valve 47 and first cutting ferrule male head 48. The measuring end of pipeline is provided with measuring end seal assembly, and measuring end seal assembly is including the female head 51 of second cutting ferrule, second sealed snap ring 52, the public head 53 of second cutting ferrule, to silk 54, the public head 55 of second quick-joint and the female head 56 of second quick-joint that connect gradually, and the female head 51 of second cutting ferrule is connected with the end connection of pipeline, pressure sensor 19 is connected with the female head 56 of second quick-joint.
Specifically, the inner diameter of the steel sealing snap ring is unchanged and is consistent with the outer diameter of the pipeline, the outer portion of the snap ring is provided with a certain slope from the head portion to the bottom portion, the outer diameter of the snap ring is gradually increased to form an outer conical surface, the bottom portion is outwards protruded and then retracted to the initial outer diameter, the edge of the head portion can just enter the inner portion of the male head of the clamping sleeve, and the whole bottom portion of the clamping sleeve can just be placed in the female. When the female first inside time of cutting ferrule is put into to sealed snap ring bottom, the sealed snap ring of main sealing effect plays, under the axial effect of the public head of cutting ferrule, the female first revolving force of cutting ferrule that play the compaction effect, along the interior taper hole axial displacement of the public head of cutting ferrule, sealed snap ring head produces radial shrinkage and pastes tight pipeline surface under the effect of the public first radial reaction force of cutting ferrule simultaneously to form radial extrusion force to the pipeline outer wall and realize the sealed to the pipeline. The cutting sleeve male head is hollow and communicated with the cutting sleeve male head, one part of the outer part of the cutting sleeve male head is a hexagonal prism, the hexagonal prism is used for screwing a wrench in the using process, and the hollow part in the hexagonal prism is a round hole with internal threads; the other part of outer wall processing external screw thread is matched and connected with the female head internal screw thread of the clamping sleeve, the inner hollow part is an inner conical hole with the inner diameter gradually reduced from outside to inside and is matched with the outer conical surface of the sealing clamping ring, and part of the outer conical surface of the clamping ring just enters. One part of the female head of the clamping sleeve is a hollow hexagonal prism, the hexagonal prism is used for screwing a wrench in a using process, the inner hollow part is matched and connected with an internal thread round hole and the male head of the clamping sleeve through external threads, the hollow part is used for placing a clamping ring into the clamping ring along the bottom and penetrating through a pipeline, the other part of the female head of the clamping sleeve is a circular baffle with a round hole in the middle, and the pipeline just penetrates through the round hole to enter the female head of the clamping sleeve.
Furthermore, the data acquisition assembly further comprises a strain gauge and a displacement meter 57, and the strain gauge and the displacement meter are also in communication connection with the dynamic acquisition instrument and the computer terminal through signal lines. The strain gauges are arranged in a plurality of numbers, and the strain gauges are adhered to key positions of the pipeline, such as the position where lateral deformation occurs, the root of the pipeline and the like. The displacement meter 57 is disposed above the separable case.
A plurality of round holes which are adaptive to the outer diameter of the pipeline are formed in the two ends of the separable box body along the horizontal direction, and a hydraulic chuck 59 is fixed at each round hole on the outer side of the end part of the separable box body and used for clamping and fixing the pipeline. A small section of hollow steel bar with the outer diameter slightly smaller than the inner diameter of the pipeline can be plugged into the inner side of the clamping position of the hydraulic chuck of each pipeline, so that the pipelines are prevented from being flattened.
The sliding rod is rotatably connected with a sliding rotating shaft connecting rod, and the connecting rod is respectively matched with the loading slide way, the sliding block and the like in a hinged mode through an angle adjusting rotating shaft and the like.
The first and second arc-shaped baffles 40 and 41 are fan-shaped, the center of the circle of the first arc-shaped baffle 40 is located on the axis of the fixed rotating shaft connecting rod 25, and the center of the circle of the second arc-shaped baffle 41 is located on the axis of the sliding rotating shaft connecting rod 30. The radius of first cowl and second cowl is about 2 times of detachable box height, and the central angle is about 75 to guarantee that the cowl part is not less than the box curb plate all the time in angle modulation scope, and then prevent that the soil body from spilling outside among the test process.
The included angle between the loading direction and the horizontal direction can be adjusted within the range of 30-90 degrees through the angle adjusting assembly.
The horizontal linear guide rail and the vertical linear guide rail both comprise two parallel linear guide rails. The transverse linear guide rail is horizontally fixed on a cross beam of the reaction frame along the axis direction of the pipeline; the vertical linear guide rail is vertically fixed on the reaction wall.
The transverse loading actuator is only fixed in position during the axial tension/compression test.
The test device can realize the tests of 3 working conditions of single axial pulling/pressing load, oblique dislocation loading with axial pulling/pressing and oblique dislocation loading without axial pulling/pressing by combining 2 oblique loading actuators and 1 transverse loading actuator.
When carrying out the single axial tension/compression loading test, the loading chute 23 and the first and second diagonal loading actuators 6 and 7 are first adjusted to the vertical direction, and then all the second bolts 205 on both sides of the sliding end box body are loosened but not removed, so that the transverse loading member 202 can slide horizontally along the diagonal loading member in the pipeline axis direction, but the two parts of the sliding end box body do not displace vertically relative to each other. Connecting the transverse loading actuator 5 with the transverse loading frame 8, and starting the transverse loading actuator 5 to apply axial tension/compression load.
When performing the diagonal dislocation loading test with axial tension/compression, first, all the second bolts 205 on both sides of the sliding-end box body are loosened but not removed, so that the lateral loading member 202 can slide horizontally along the diagonal loading member 201 in the pipe axis direction, but the two parts of the sliding-end box body do not displace vertically relative to each other. And then, connecting the transverse loading actuator 5 with the transverse loading frame 8, firstly applying transverse load to the pipeline, and keeping the pipeline unchanged after reaching a preset value. Then, the first oblique loading actuator 6 and the second oblique loading actuator 7 are started to apply a dislocation load, when the sliding end box body slides along the loading slideway, the transverse loading actuator 5 slides up and down along the sliding end box body along the vertical linear guide rail 11 through the first sliding block 12 at the root part, and simultaneously extends or retracts the telescopic rod to maintain the load value unchanged.
When the oblique dislocation loading test without axial tension/compression is carried out, all the second bolts 205 on the two sides of the sliding end box body are not loosened. The transverse loading actuator 5 is not connected with the transverse loading frame 8, and loads are applied through the first oblique loading actuator 6 and the second oblique loading actuator 7.
The oblique dislocation loading and the axial pulling/pressing loading can be subjected to single loading or repeated cyclic reciprocating loading, namely, the three working conditions can be subjected to a single loading test and a cyclic reciprocating loading test.
In the loading test process, the data acquisition assembly can be used for synchronously measuring or acquiring data such as pressure in the pipeline, pipeline displacement, pipe wall strain, box displacement, buried soil displacement and the like, so that the three-dimensional space behavior of the pipeline under the action of an earthquake can be accurately and conveniently measured.
Parts not described in the above modes can be realized by adopting or referring to the prior art.
It is intended that any equivalents, or obvious variations, which may be made by those skilled in the art in light of the teachings herein, be considered within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a bury test device of performance aassessment under native pressurized pipeline dislocation load effect which characterized in that: the device comprises a separable box body, a loading assembly, a pressurizing assembly and a data acquisition assembly;
the separable box body comprises a fixed end box body and a sliding end box body; the fixed end box body is of a combined type and comprises a fixed structural part and a sliding structural part which can be adjusted back and forth relative to the fixed structural part in the axial direction, the bottom of the fixed structural part is fixedly connected with the support, the sliding structural part is embedded in the fixed structural part, a plurality of first strip-shaped grooves in the horizontal direction are formed in two sides of the sliding structural part, a plurality of first internal thread holes are formed in the positions, corresponding to the first strip-shaped grooves, of the two sides of the fixed structural part, after the sliding structural part horizontally slides to a proper position along the fixed structural part, a first bolt penetrates through the first strip-shaped grooves and then is screwed into the first internal thread holes corresponding to the fixed structural part, so that the;
the sliding end box body is also combined and comprises an oblique loading piece and a transverse loading piece which can be axially adjusted back and forth relative to the oblique loading piece, the transverse loading piece is embedded in the oblique loading piece, a plurality of second bar-shaped grooves in the horizontal direction are formed in two sides of the transverse loading piece, a plurality of second internal thread holes are formed in the positions, corresponding to the second bar-shaped grooves of the transverse loading piece, of the two sides of the oblique loading piece, and after the transverse loading piece horizontally slides to a proper position along the oblique loading piece, a second bolt penetrates through the second bar-shaped grooves and then is screwed into the second internal thread holes corresponding to the oblique loading piece so as to fixedly connect the transverse loading piece and the oblique loading piece;
a pipeline penetrates through the interior of the separable box body, wherein the fixed end box body is positioned at one end of the pipeline, the sliding end box body is positioned at the other end of the pipeline, and the fixed end box body is separated from the sliding end box body; soil for burying the pipeline is filled in the fixed end box body, the sliding end box body and the space between the fixed end box body and the sliding end box body;
the loading assembly comprises an actuator, a loading frame and a linear guide rail, the actuator comprises a transverse loading actuator, a first oblique loading actuator and a second oblique loading actuator, the loading frame comprises a transverse loading frame and an oblique loading frame, and the linear guide rail comprises a transverse linear guide rail and a vertical linear guide rail;
the telescopic rod of the transverse loading actuator is connected with one end of a transverse loading frame, the other end of the transverse loading frame is connected with a transverse loading piece of the sliding end box body, a first sliding block is arranged at the root of the transverse loading actuator, and the first sliding block is arranged on the vertical linear guide rail;
the two oblique loading frames are respectively a first oblique loading frame and a second oblique loading frame, the telescopic rod of the first oblique loading actuator is connected with the upper part of the first oblique loading frame, the lower part of the first oblique loading frame is connected with one end of the bottom of the oblique loading piece of the sliding end box body, the telescopic rod of the second oblique loading actuator is connected with the upper part of the second oblique loading frame, and the lower part of the second oblique loading frame is connected with the other end of the bottom of the oblique loading piece of the sliding end box body; the roots of the first oblique loading actuator and the second oblique loading actuator are respectively provided with a second sliding block, and the second sliding blocks are arranged on the transverse linear guide rail;
the pressurizing assembly comprises a pressure pump station, the pressure pump station is connected with a pressurizing end of the pipeline through a high-pressure hose, and the other end of the pipeline is a measuring end;
the data acquisition assembly comprises a pressure sensor, a non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system, an electromagnetic flowmeter, a dynamic acquisition instrument and a computer terminal; the pressure sensor is arranged at the measuring end of the pipeline, and the non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measuring system is provided with two systems, namely a top non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measuring system for monitoring the deformation of the soil body from the upper part of the separable box body and a lateral non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measuring system for monitoring the displacement of the box body from one side of the separable box body; the electromagnetic flowmeter is arranged on the pipeline; the pressure sensor, the non-contact three-dimensional strain optical measurement system and the electromagnetic flowmeter are all in communication connection with the dynamic acquisition instrument and the computer terminal through signal lines.
2. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the test device also comprises angle adjusting components for adjusting the oblique loading angle, wherein the angle adjusting components are arranged on two sides of the separable box body and are symmetrically distributed; the angle adjusting assembly comprises a loading slide way and an angle adjusting slide groove, the loading slide way comprises a linear slide rail and a slide rod capable of moving along the linear slide rail, a third slide block is arranged on one side of the slide rod, and the third slide block is installed on the linear slide rail;
the bottom of the linear slide rail is rotatably connected with one end of a fixed rotating shaft connecting rod, and the fixed rotating shaft connecting rod is arranged at the bottom of a fixed structural part of the fixed end box body;
the angle adjusting sliding groove comprises a first angle adjusting sliding groove and a second angle adjusting sliding groove, the first angle adjusting sliding groove is arranged on the support, a first connecting rod is arranged between the first angle adjusting sliding groove and the linear sliding rail, one end of the first connecting rod is hinged with the middle part of the linear sliding rail, a fourth sliding block is arranged at the other end of the first connecting rod, and the fourth sliding block is arranged on the first angle adjusting sliding groove;
the second angle adjusting chute is arranged on one side of the bottom of the sliding end box body, one end of the second angle adjusting chute is connected with one end of the first supporting rod, the other end of the second angle adjusting chute is connected with one end of the second supporting rod, the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod are respectively vertical to the sliding end box body, and the first supporting rod and the second supporting rod are respectively arranged at two ends of the bottom of the oblique loading piece of the sliding end box body; two ends of the first supporting rod are correspondingly and rotatably connected with two ends of the bottom of the first oblique loading frame, and two ends of the second supporting rod are correspondingly and rotatably connected with two ends of the bottom of the second oblique loading frame;
a sliding rotating shaft connecting rod is arranged at the bottom of the sliding end box body and close to the first supporting rod in parallel, and the end part of the sliding rotating shaft connecting rod is rotatably connected with the bottom of the sliding rod;
the second angle adjusting sliding groove comprises two sliding grooves which are arranged in parallel, namely an inner sliding groove and an outer sliding groove, a second connecting rod is arranged between the inner sliding groove and the sliding rod, one end of the second connecting rod is hinged with the upper part of the sliding rod, the other end of the second connecting rod is provided with a fifth sliding block, and the fifth sliding block is arranged on the inner sliding groove; a third connecting rod is arranged between the outer chute and the first oblique loading frame, one end of the third connecting rod is hinged with the middle lower part of the first oblique loading frame, a sixth sliding block is arranged at the other end of the third connecting rod, the sixth sliding block is installed on the outer chute, a fourth connecting rod is arranged between the outer chute and the second oblique loading frame, one end of the fourth connecting rod is hinged with the middle lower part of the second oblique loading frame, a seventh sliding block is arranged at the other end of the fourth connecting rod, and the seventh sliding block is also installed on the outer chute;
and the roots of the first oblique loading actuator and the second oblique loading actuator are correspondingly and rotatably connected with the second sliding block.
3. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the fixed end box body is cut from the bottom close to one end of the sliding end box body to the oblique upper side of the other end to form a slope; arc-shaped baffles are arranged on two sides of the fixed end box body, which form a slope surface, and each arc-shaped baffle comprises a first arc-shaped baffle and a second arc-shaped baffle which are separated from each other, the first arc-shaped baffle is connected with a linear slide rail of the loading slide, and the second arc-shaped baffle is connected with a slide rod of the loading slide.
4. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 1, wherein: after the first bolt is screwed in the first internal threaded hole, the end part of the first bolt does not extend out of the outer surface of the fixed structural part; and after the second bolt is screwed in the second internal threaded hole, the end part of the second bolt does not extend out of the outer surface of the oblique loading piece.
5. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a rubber plate for preventing soil from scattering in the test process is laid between the fixed end box body and the bottom of the sliding end box body along the axial direction of the pipeline.
6. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inside of detachable box is provided with vertical baffle, and vertical baffle separates into the independent space of a plurality of with the inside of detachable box, the pipeline sets up many, all has the arrangement in every independent space.
7. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the oblique loading frame is U-shaped, the transverse loading frame is cuboid frame-shaped, and the measuring end of the pipeline is positioned inside the transverse loading frame.
8. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 2, wherein: and the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the third sliding block, the fourth sliding block, the fifth sliding block, the sixth sliding block and the seventh sliding block are all provided with locking bolts for locking and fixing the sliding blocks.
9. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the pressure charging end of the pipeline is provided with a pressure charging end sealing assembly, the pressure charging end sealing assembly comprises a first quick-connection female head, a first quick-connection male head, a high-pressure ball valve, a first clamping sleeve male head, a first sealing clamping ring and a first clamping sleeve female head which are sequentially connected, the first quick-connection female head is connected with a high-pressure hose, the first clamping sleeve female head is connected with the end part of the pipeline, and the electromagnetic flowmeter is arranged between the high-pressure ball valve and the first clamping sleeve male head;
the measuring end of pipeline is provided with measuring end seal assembly, and measuring end seal assembly is including the female head of second cutting ferrule, the sealed snap ring of second, the public head of second cutting ferrule, to silk, the public head of second meet soon and the female head of second meet soon that connect gradually, and the female head of second cutting ferrule is connected with the end connection of pipeline, pressure sensor is connected with the female head of second meet soon.
10. The test device for performance evaluation under the action of the dislocation load of the buried pressurizing pipeline as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the data acquisition assembly further comprises a strain gauge and a displacement meter, and the strain gauge and the displacement meter are also in communication connection with the dynamic acquisition instrument and the computer terminal through signal lines.
CN202110189974.9A 2021-02-18 2021-02-18 Test device for performance evaluation under action of dislocation load of buried pressurizing pipeline Active CN113008497B (en)

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