CN112957803A - Rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum - Google Patents

Rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112957803A
CN112957803A CN202110385911.0A CN202110385911A CN112957803A CN 112957803 A CN112957803 A CN 112957803A CN 202110385911 A CN202110385911 A CN 202110385911A CN 112957803 A CN112957803 A CN 112957803A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
filter cloth
rubber belt
cloth
guide roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110385911.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周志诚
罗嗣荣
林明辉
宋洪芳
陈云祥
陈莉静
张祝朋
巫铁灵
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Huzhou Hehua Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Huzhou Hehua Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Huzhou Hehua Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd filed Critical Huzhou Hehua Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202110385911.0A priority Critical patent/CN112957803A/en
Publication of CN112957803A publication Critical patent/CN112957803A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2021/128608 priority patent/WO2022213589A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/044Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with filtering bands or the like supported on cylinders which are pervious for filtering
    • B01D33/048Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with filtering bands or the like supported on cylinders which are pervious for filtering with endless filtering bands
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/46Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element
    • B01D33/461Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/46Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element
    • B01D33/466Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/48Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/52Regenerating the filter material in the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element
    • B01D33/54Regenerating the filter material in the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element involving vibrations

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Filtration Of Liquid (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum, which relates to the technical field of silicon and aluminum separation and comprises a conveying assembly, a material blocking assembly, a cloth pressing assembly, a cloth clamping assembly and a cleaning assembly, wherein the conveying assembly comprises a rack, a driving roller and a rubber belt, the driving roller is rotatably arranged at two ends of the inner side of the rack and driven by a motor, the rubber belt is wound on the driving roller, a first guide roller and a second guide roller are rotatably arranged above and below one end of the rack, a third guide roller and a fourth guide roller are rotatably arranged above and below the other end of the rack, filter cloth is wound on the first guide roller, the second guide roller, the third guide roller and the fourth guide roller, the upper ends of the filter cloth are wound around the rubber belt and attached to the rubber belt, and support frames are arranged at the front; according to the invention, the front side and the rear side of the frame are provided with the inclined PP baffle plates, so that when a certain volume of materials are stacked above the filter cloth, the materials can be limited from the front side and the rear side, material leakage is avoided, and waste is avoided.

Description

Rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of silicon-aluminum separation, in particular to a rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon-aluminum.
Background
The comprehensive utilization of bulk industrial solid wastes is an important component of an emerging industry with energy conservation and environmental protection strategies, is an important way for providing resource guarantee for the good and fast development of the industry, and is a strategy for solving the problems of environmental pollution and potential safety hazards caused by the improper disposal and stockpiling of the bulk industrial solid wastes, the comprehensive utilization of the bulk industrial solid wastes is an important measure for realizing the transformation and upgrading of the industry at present, and is a long-term strategic policy for ensuring the sustainable development of the industry in China, and is influenced by the regional resource endowment and the economic development level, the generation, stockpiling and comprehensive utilization conditions of the bulk industrial solid wastes in different regions are greatly different, wherein the most prominent fly ash is generated, and the generation and stockpiling of the fly ash in the areas of Shanxi, inner Mongolia, Shaanxi and the like (the fly ash generated in the inner Mongolia, the Shanxi and the like belongs to high-alumina fly ash), and the utilization rate is low;
bauxite resources are few in reserves and poor in grade, the vast majority of Chinese bauxite is diasporic bauxite (poor in grade) with high silicon content, the bauxite resources are exhausted, in order to ensure the safety of the national alumina industry (aluminum industry), a series of policies for encouraging the search of new bauxite resource replacing bauxite are provided, wherein the most important and feasible is to use high-alumina coal gangue and high-alumina fly ash which are found in the Mongolia (Ordos) and North Shanghai (Syzygium) areas to replace bauxite to extract alumina, the JSTK technology is an alumina production technology which completely solves the problem of interference of silica on the alumina extraction process, which troubles the global alumina industry for nearly 160 years, and the JSTK technology can develop and utilize raw materials including various coal gangue, various fly ash, kaolin, clay, yellow sand, large solid waste slag with various alumina contents and the like, the JSTK technology is used for treating aluminum-containing raw materials, firstly, aluminum hydroxide and silicic acid are obtained, the aluminum hydroxide and the silicic acid are completely separated, precipitated white carbon black (silicon dioxide), various silicates, sodium silicate, silicic acid, silica gel, molecular sieves, aluminates, aluminum salts, more than 20 aluminum products and silicon products such as aluminum hydroxide, alumina, portland cement and the like can be simultaneously produced through deep development of the aluminum hydroxide and the silicic acid, and in the practical application of the technology, a belt type vacuum filter is needed, the belt type vacuum filter is a device which takes vacuum negative pressure as driving force to realize solid-liquid separation, can continuously and automatically complete the process operations of filtering, filter cake washing, slag discharging, filter cloth regeneration and the like, and mother liquor and filter cake washing liquid can be collected in a segmented mode. The method has the advantages of high filtration efficiency, high production capacity, good washing efficiency, low water content of filter cakes, flexible operation, simple maintenance and the like, and can be widely applied to solid-liquid separation in the fields of metallurgy, mines, chemical industry, papermaking, food, pharmacy, environmental protection and the like;
in the prior art, the belt filter needs to use a filter cloth and a rubber belt, the filter cloth is attached to the rubber belt to operate, materials are stacked on the filter cloth, a filter cake is formed by taking vacuum negative pressure as a driving force, spraying and washing are carried out simultaneously, silicon and aluminum separation is carried out, in the process, the materials stacked on the filter cloth are limited, the materials easily fall from two sides, waste is caused, in addition, the middle of the upper end of the filter cloth can be bent downwards in the whole operation process, and the normal use is influenced due to the fact that folds are easy to occur when the discharge end is unfolded due to large fall.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention provides a rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum, which is characterized in that inclined PP (propene Polymer) baffle plates are arranged on the front side and the rear side of a frame, when a certain volume of materials are stacked above a filter cloth, the materials can be limited from the front side and the rear side, material leakage is avoided, waste is avoided, a material blocking assembly is arranged, a material blocking plate is pushed by a push-pull air cylinder, the diameters of the PP baffle plate and one end of the filter cloth can be matched, so that a discharge end is sealed, the certain volume of materials are conveniently stacked above the filter cloth, the rubber belt type vacuum filter is parked for a certain time, and filter cakes are fully sprayed and washed, so that the efficiency of separating silicon and aluminum is improved.
In order to realize the purpose of the invention, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum, which comprises a conveying assembly, a material blocking assembly, a cloth pressing assembly, a cloth clamping assembly and a cleaning assembly, the conveying assembly comprises a frame, driving rollers and a rubber belt, the driving rollers are rotatably arranged at two ends of the inner side of the frame and driven by a motor, the rubber belt is wound on the driving roller, a first guide roller and a second guide roller are rotatably arranged above and below one end of the frame, and a third guide roller and a fourth guide roller are rotatably arranged above and below the other end of the frame, filter cloth is wound on the first guide roller, the second guide roller, the third guide roller and the fourth guide roller, the upper end of the filter cloth is wound around the rubber belt and is jointed with the rubber belt, the front side and the rear side of the frame are both provided with a support frame, and the supporting frame is provided with angle irons, the inner ends of the angle irons are obliquely provided with inclined supporting frames, and the inner sides of the inclined supporting frames are provided with PP (polypropylene) baffle plates.
The further improvement lies in that: the material blocking assembly comprises a fixing frame and a material blocking plate, the fixing frame is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying assembly, the material blocking plate is rotatably arranged on one side of the fixing frame, a push-pull air cylinder is hinged to the upper end of the inner side of the fixing frame, and the output end of the push-pull air cylinder is hinged to one side of the material blocking plate.
The further improvement lies in that: the cloth pressing component comprises a portal frame, a bearing seat and a cloth pressing roller, the portal frame is arranged at the feeding end of the conveying component, the upper end of the inner side of the portal frame is connected with the bearing seat, the cloth pressing roller is rotatably arranged below the bearing seat, and the bottom of the cloth pressing roller presses the filter cloth.
The further improvement lies in that: press from both sides cloth subassembly is including adjusting seat and regulating plate, adjust the seat and establish the front and back side in frame ejection of compact department, be equipped with first mounting groove on the regulation seat, be equipped with the second mounting groove on the regulating plate, first mounting groove and second mounting groove are connected with the bolt, the inner of regulating plate is rotated through the knob bolt and is installed the installation piece, and one side of installation piece is rotated and is installed and press from both sides the roller.
The further improvement lies in that: the cleaning assembly comprises a first waste bin and a brush roller, the first waste bin is arranged at the position below the filter cloth, the brush roller is rotatably arranged on the first waste bin through a shaft foot, the brush roller is driven to rotate through a motor, and the brush roller is in contact with the filter cloth above the brush roller.
The further improvement lies in that: clean subassembly includes second waste bin and compressed air pipe, the below position department at the filter cloth is established to the second waste bin, compressed air pipe is located second waste bin top, and compressed air pipe connects compression air pump, the last intercommunication of compressed air pipe has the shower nozzle, and the output of shower nozzle is towards the filter cloth.
The further improvement lies in that: the cleaning assembly comprises a third waste bin and a limiting roller, the third waste bin is arranged at the position below the filter cloth, the limiting roller is arranged inside the third waste bin, water and an ultrasonic generator are arranged in the third waste bin, and the filter cloth bypasses the limiting roller.
The further improvement lies in that: one end of the frame is provided with a scraper, and the inner side of the scraper is contacted with the filter cloth.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the front side and the rear side of the frame are provided with the inclined PP baffle plates, so that when a certain volume of materials are stacked above the filter cloth, the materials can be limited from the front side and the rear side, material leakage is avoided, and waste is avoided;
2. according to the invention, the material blocking assembly is arranged, the material blocking plate is pushed by the push-pull air cylinder, and the caliber of the PP baffle plate and the caliber of one end of the filter cloth can be matched, so that the discharge end is sealed, a certain volume of materials can be conveniently stacked above the filter cloth, the filter cloth is parked for a certain time, the filter cake is fully sprayed and washed, and the efficiency of silicon-aluminum separation is improved.
3. According to the invention, the cloth clamping assemblies are arranged on the machine frames at two sides of the filter cloth, the positions of the adjusting plates on the adjusting seats are adjusted through the installation of the first installation groove and the second installation groove, and the angles of the clamping rollers are adjusted through the rotating installation blocks, so that the clamping rollers can conveniently clamp two sides of the filter cloth, the filter cloth can be stretched at proper time under the action of a certain clamping force, and wrinkles are avoided.
4. The invention fixes the cloth pressing roller through the portal frame and the bearing seat, avoids the contact between the head of the cloth pressing roller and the filter cloth, and prevents the head of the cloth pressing roller from being abraded in the operation process of the filter cloth.
5. According to the invention, the cleaning assembly is used for cleaning the filter cloth, and the brush roller is used for carrying out rolling brush regeneration on the filter cloth, so that the filtering performance of the filter cloth is ensured, the service life of the filter cloth is prolonged, the conventional large-water-volume washing is not needed, and the water source is saved.
6. According to the invention, the filter cloth is cleaned by the cleaning component, the compressed air pipe is connected with the compressed air pump, and the compressed air pipe is matched with the spray head to perform blowing regeneration on the filter cloth, so that the filtering performance of the filter cloth is ensured, the service life of the filter cloth is prolonged, the conventional large-water-volume flushing is not required, and the water source is saved.
7. According to the invention, the filter cloth is cleaned by the cleaning component, the limit roller enables the filter cloth to pass through water in the third waste bin, and the ultrasonic generator performs ultrasonic micro-vibration regeneration on the filter cloth, so that the filtering performance of the filter cloth is ensured, the service life of the filter cloth is prolonged, conventional large-water-volume flushing is not needed, and the water source is saved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a conveying assembly and a material stopping assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a cloth clamping assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a cleaning assembly according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a second cleaning assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a third cleaning assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein: 1. a frame; 2. a drive roller; 3. a rubber belt; 4. a first guide roller; 5. a second guide roller; 6. a third guide roller; 7. a fourth guide roller; 8. filtering cloth; 9. a support frame; 10. angle iron; 11. an oblique bracket; 12. a PP baffle plate; 13. a fixed mount; 14. a striker plate; 15. a push-pull cylinder; 16. a gantry; 17. a bearing seat; 18. a cloth pressing roller; 19. an adjusting seat; 20. an adjusting plate; 21. a first mounting groove; 22. a second mounting groove; 23. mounting blocks; 24. a nip roll; 25. a first waste bin; 26. a brush roll; 27. a second waste bin; 28. a compressed air pipe; 29. a spray head; 30. a third waste bin; 31. a limiting roller; 32. an ultrasonic generator; 33. a scraper.
Detailed Description
In order to further understand the present invention, the following detailed description will be made with reference to the following examples, which are only used for explaining the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
Example one
According to figures 1, 2, 3 and 4, the embodiment provides a rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum, which comprises a conveying assembly, a material blocking assembly, a cloth pressing assembly, a cloth clamping assembly and a cleaning assembly, wherein the conveying assembly comprises a frame 1, a driving roller 2 and a rubber belt 3, the driving roller 2 is rotatably arranged at two ends of the inner side of the frame 1 and driven by a motor, the rubber belt 3 is wound on the driving roller 2, a first guide roller 4 and a second guide roller 5 are rotatably arranged above and below one end of the frame 1, a third guide roller 6 and a fourth guide roller 7 are rotatably arranged above and below the other end of the frame 1, a filter cloth 8 is wound on the first guide roller 4, the second guide roller 5, the third guide roller 6 and the fourth guide roller 7, the upper end of the filter cloth 8 is wound around the rubber belt 3 and is attached, a support frame 9 is arranged at the front side and the rear side of the frame, and the supporting frame 9 is provided with angle iron 10, the inner end of the angle iron 10 is obliquely provided with an inclined bracket 11, and the inner side of the inclined bracket 11 is provided with a PP baffle plate 12. During the use, drive roller 2 drives the operation of rubber belt 3, and the operation of filter cloth 8 laminating rubber belt 3 is piled on filter cloth 8 to the material to vacuum negative pressure becomes the filter cake as the drive force, sprays and washes simultaneously, carries out the separation of silicon-aluminium, when stacking certain volumetric material in filter cloth 8 top, sets up the PP baffle 12 of slope through preceding rear side, and it is spacing to the material from the past rear side, can not leak the material, avoids extravagant.
The material blocking assembly comprises a fixing frame 13 and a material blocking plate 14, the fixing frame 13 is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying assembly, the material blocking plate 14 is rotatably arranged on one side of the fixing frame 13, a push-pull air cylinder 15 is hinged to the upper end of the inner side of the fixing frame 13, and the output end of the push-pull air cylinder 15 is hinged to one side of the material blocking plate 14. The material baffle plate 14 is pushed through the push-pull air cylinder 15, the caliber of the PP baffle plate 12 and one end of the filter cloth 8 can be matched, so that the discharge end is sealed, materials with a certain volume are conveniently stacked above the filter cloth 8, the filter cake is fully sprayed and washed for a certain time, and the efficiency of silicon-aluminum separation is improved.
The cloth pressing component comprises a portal frame 16, a bearing seat 17 and a cloth pressing roller 18, the portal frame 16 is arranged at the feeding end of the conveying component, the bearing seat 17 is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the portal frame 16, the cloth pressing roller 18 is rotatably arranged below the bearing seat 17, and the bottom of the cloth pressing roller 18 presses the filter cloth 8. The cloth pressing roller 18 is fixed through the portal frame 16 and the bearing seat 17, so that the contact between the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 and the filter cloth 8 is avoided, and the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 is prevented from being abraded in the running process of the filter cloth 8.
Press from both sides cloth subassembly including adjusting seat 19 and regulating plate 20, adjust the seat 19 and establish the front and back side in the 1 ejection of compact department of frame, be equipped with first mounting groove 21 on adjusting seat 19, be equipped with second mounting groove 22 on regulating plate 20, first mounting groove 21 and second mounting groove 22 are connected with the bolt, regulating plate 20's the inner rotates through the knob bolt and installs installation piece 23, and one side of installation piece 23 rotates and installs and press from both sides roller 24. The positions of the adjusting plate 20 on the adjusting seat 19 are adjusted through the installation of the first installation groove 21 and the second installation groove 22, the angle of the clamping roller 24 is adjusted through the rotating installation block 23, and the two sides of the filter cloth 8 are clamped by the clamping roller 24, so that the filter cloth is stretched in time under the action of a certain clamping force, and wrinkles are avoided.
The cleaning assembly comprises a first waste bin 25 and a brush roller 26, the first waste bin 25 is arranged at the position below the filter cloth 8, the brush roller 26 is rotatably mounted on the first waste bin 25 through a shaft pin, the brush roller 26 is driven to rotate through a motor, and the upper portion of the brush roller 26 is in contact with the filter cloth 8. The brush roller 26 is used for carrying out rolling brush regeneration on the filter cloth 8, and the residual on the filter cloth 8 is brushed into the first waste bin 25, so that the filtering performance of the filter cloth 8 is ensured, and the service life of the filter cloth is prolonged.
One end of the frame 1 is provided with a scraper 33, and the inner side of the scraper 33 contacts the filter cloth 8. For scraping off a filter cake on the filter cloth 8.
Example two
According to the figures 1, 2, 3 and 5, the embodiment provides a rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum, which comprises a conveying assembly, a material blocking assembly, a cloth pressing assembly, a cloth clamping assembly and a cleaning assembly, wherein the conveying assembly comprises a frame 1, a driving roller 2 and a rubber belt 3, the driving roller 2 is rotatably arranged at two ends of the inner side of the frame 1 and driven by a motor, the rubber belt 3 is wound on the driving roller 2, a first guide roller 4 and a second guide roller 5 are rotatably arranged above and below one end of the frame 1, a third guide roller 6 and a fourth guide roller 7 are rotatably arranged above and below the other end of the frame 1, a filter cloth 8 is wound on the first guide roller 4, the second guide roller 5, the third guide roller 6 and the fourth guide roller 7, the upper end of the filter cloth 8 is wound around the rubber belt 3 and is attached, a support frame 9 is arranged at the front side and the rear side of the, and the supporting frame 9 is provided with angle iron 10, the inner end of the angle iron 10 is obliquely provided with an inclined bracket 11, and the inner side of the inclined bracket 11 is provided with a PP baffle plate 12. During the use, drive roller 2 drives the operation of rubber belt 3, and the operation of filter cloth 8 laminating rubber belt 3 is piled on filter cloth 8 to the material to vacuum negative pressure becomes the filter cake as the drive force, sprays and washes simultaneously, carries out the separation of silicon-aluminium, when stacking certain volumetric material in filter cloth 8 top, sets up the PP baffle 12 of slope through preceding rear side, and it is spacing to the material from the past rear side, can not leak the material, avoids extravagant.
The material blocking assembly comprises a fixing frame 13 and a material blocking plate 14, the fixing frame 13 is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying assembly, the material blocking plate 14 is rotatably arranged on one side of the fixing frame 13, a push-pull air cylinder 15 is hinged to the upper end of the inner side of the fixing frame 13, and the output end of the push-pull air cylinder 15 is hinged to one side of the material blocking plate 14. The material baffle plate 14 is pushed through the push-pull air cylinder 15, the caliber of the PP baffle plate 12 and one end of the filter cloth 8 can be matched, so that the discharge end is sealed, materials with a certain volume are conveniently stacked above the filter cloth 8, the filter cake is fully sprayed and washed for a certain time, and the efficiency of silicon-aluminum separation is improved.
The cloth pressing component comprises a portal frame 16, a bearing seat 17 and a cloth pressing roller 18, the portal frame 16 is arranged at the feeding end of the conveying component, the bearing seat 17 is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the portal frame 16, the cloth pressing roller 18 is rotatably arranged below the bearing seat 17, and the bottom of the cloth pressing roller 18 presses the filter cloth 8. The cloth pressing roller 18 is fixed through the portal frame 16 and the bearing seat 17, so that the contact between the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 and the filter cloth 8 is avoided, and the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 is prevented from being abraded in the running process of the filter cloth 8.
Press from both sides cloth subassembly including adjusting seat 19 and regulating plate 20, adjust the seat 19 and establish the front and back side in the 1 ejection of compact department of frame, be equipped with first mounting groove 21 on adjusting seat 19, be equipped with second mounting groove 22 on regulating plate 20, first mounting groove 21 and second mounting groove 22 are connected with the bolt, regulating plate 20's the inner rotates through the knob bolt and installs installation piece 23, and one side of installation piece 23 rotates and installs and press from both sides roller 24. The positions of the adjusting plate 20 on the adjusting seat 19 are adjusted through the installation of the first installation groove 21 and the second installation groove 22, the angle of the clamping roller 24 is adjusted through the rotating installation block 23, and the two sides of the filter cloth 8 are clamped by the clamping roller 24, so that the filter cloth is stretched in time under the action of a certain clamping force, and wrinkles are avoided.
Clean subassembly includes second waste bin 27 and compressed air pipe 28, second waste bin 27 is established in the below position department of filter cloth 8, compressed air pipe 28 is located second waste bin 27 top, and compressed air pipe 28 connects compressed air pump, compressed air pipe 28 is last to be linked with shower nozzle 29, and shower nozzle 29's output is towards filter cloth 8. Connect compression air pump through compressed air pipe 28, cooperate shower nozzle 29 to sweep the regeneration to the filter cloth, brush the residue on the filter cloth 8 into second waste bin 27 to ensure the filtering quality of filter cloth 8, improve the life of filter cloth 8.
One end of the frame 1 is provided with a scraper 33, and the inner side of the scraper 33 contacts the filter cloth 8. For scraping off a filter cake on the filter cloth 8.
EXAMPLE III
According to the figures 1, 2, 3 and 6, the embodiment provides a rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum, which comprises a conveying assembly, a material blocking assembly, a cloth pressing assembly, a cloth clamping assembly and a cleaning assembly, wherein the conveying assembly comprises a frame 1, a driving roller 2 and a rubber belt 3, the driving roller 2 is rotatably arranged at two ends of the inner side of the frame 1 and driven by a motor, the rubber belt 3 is wound on the driving roller 2, a first guide roller 4 and a second guide roller 5 are rotatably arranged above and below one end of the frame 1, a third guide roller 6 and a fourth guide roller 7 are rotatably arranged above and below the other end of the frame 1, a filter cloth 8 is wound on the first guide roller 4, the second guide roller 5, the third guide roller 6 and the fourth guide roller 7, the upper end of the filter cloth 8 is wound around the rubber belt 3 and attached, the front side and the rear side of the frame 1 are respectively provided with a, and the supporting frame 9 is provided with angle iron 10, the inner end of the angle iron 10 is obliquely provided with an inclined bracket 11, and the inner side of the inclined bracket 11 is provided with a PP baffle plate 12. During the use, drive roller 2 drives the operation of rubber belt 3, and the operation of filter cloth 8 laminating rubber belt 3 is piled on filter cloth 8 to the material to vacuum negative pressure becomes the filter cake as the drive force, sprays and washes simultaneously, carries out the separation of silicon-aluminium, when stacking certain volumetric material in filter cloth 8 top, sets up the PP baffle 12 of slope through preceding rear side, and it is spacing to the material from the past rear side, can not leak the material, avoids extravagant.
The material blocking assembly comprises a fixing frame 13 and a material blocking plate 14, the fixing frame 13 is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying assembly, the material blocking plate 14 is rotatably arranged on one side of the fixing frame 13, a push-pull air cylinder 15 is hinged to the upper end of the inner side of the fixing frame 13, and the output end of the push-pull air cylinder 15 is hinged to one side of the material blocking plate 14. The material baffle plate 14 is pushed through the push-pull air cylinder 15, the caliber of the PP baffle plate 12 and one end of the filter cloth 8 can be matched, so that the discharge end is sealed, materials with a certain volume are conveniently stacked above the filter cloth 8, the filter cake is fully sprayed and washed for a certain time, and the efficiency of silicon-aluminum separation is improved.
The cloth pressing component comprises a portal frame 16, a bearing seat 17 and a cloth pressing roller 18, the portal frame 16 is arranged at the feeding end of the conveying component, the bearing seat 17 is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the portal frame 16, the cloth pressing roller 18 is rotatably arranged below the bearing seat 17, and the bottom of the cloth pressing roller 18 presses the filter cloth 8. The cloth pressing roller 18 is fixed through the portal frame 16 and the bearing seat 17, so that the contact between the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 and the filter cloth 8 is avoided, and the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 is prevented from being abraded in the running process of the filter cloth 8.
Press from both sides cloth subassembly including adjusting seat 19 and regulating plate 20, adjust the seat 19 and establish the front and back side in the 1 ejection of compact department of frame, be equipped with first mounting groove 21 on adjusting seat 19, be equipped with second mounting groove 22 on regulating plate 20, first mounting groove 21 and second mounting groove 22 are connected with the bolt, regulating plate 20's the inner rotates through the knob bolt and installs installation piece 23, and one side of installation piece 23 rotates and installs and press from both sides roller 24. The positions of the adjusting plate 20 on the adjusting seat 19 are adjusted through the installation of the first installation groove 21 and the second installation groove 22, the angle of the clamping roller 24 is adjusted through the rotating installation block 23, and the two sides of the filter cloth 8 are clamped by the clamping roller 24, so that the filter cloth is stretched in time under the action of a certain clamping force, and wrinkles are avoided.
The cleaning assembly comprises a third waste bin 30 and a limiting roller 31, the third waste bin 30 is arranged at the lower position of the filter cloth 8, the limiting roller 31 is arranged inside the third waste bin 30, a water and ultrasonic generator 32 is arranged in the third waste bin 30, and the filter cloth 8 bypasses the limiting roller 31. The filter cloth 8 passes through water in the third waste bin 30 through the limiting roller 31, and ultrasonic micro-vibration regeneration is carried out on the filter cloth 8 through the ultrasonic generator 32, so that the filtering performance of the filter cloth 8 is ensured, and the service life of the filter cloth 8 is prolonged.
One end of the frame 1 is provided with a scraper 33, and the inner side of the scraper 33 contacts the filter cloth 8. For scraping off a filter cake on the filter cloth 8.
The invention arranges the inclined PP baffle plates 12 at the front side and the rear side of the frame 1, when a certain volume of materials is stacked above the filter cloth 8, the materials can be limited from the front side and the rear side, no material leakage is caused, waste is avoided, the invention is provided with the material blocking component, the material blocking plate 14 is pushed by the push-pull air cylinder 15, the caliber of the PP baffle plate 12 and one end of the filter cloth 8 can be matched, so that the discharge end is sealed, the certain volume of materials can be conveniently stacked above the filter cloth 8, the filter cake can be fully sprayed and washed for a certain time, so that the efficiency of silicon-aluminum separation is improved, meanwhile, the invention arranges the cloth clamping components on the frame 1 at the two sides of the filter cloth 8, the positions of the adjusting plates 20 on the adjusting seats 19 are adjusted through the installation of the first installation groove 21 and the second installation groove 22, the angle of the clamping rollers 24 is adjusted through the rotating installation block 23, so that the two sides of the filter, the invention avoids wrinkles, in addition, the invention fixes the cloth pressing roller 18 through the portal frame 16 and the bearing seat 17, avoids the contact between the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 and the filter cloth 8, prevents the abrasion of the shaft head of the cloth pressing roller 18 in the operation process of the filter cloth 8, and finally, the invention cleans the filter cloth 8 through the cleaning component, the brush roller 26 is used for carrying out rolling brush regeneration on the filter cloth 8 so as to ensure the filtering performance of the filter cloth 8 and improve the service life of the filter cloth, the compressed air pipe 28 is connected with a compressed air pump and matched with the spray head 29 to carry out blowing regeneration on the filter cloth so as to ensure the filtering performance of the filter cloth 8 and improve the service life of the filter cloth 8, the filter cloth 8 passes through the water in the third waste bin 30 through the limiting roller 31, the ultrasonic generator 32 is used for carrying out ultrasonic micro-vibration regeneration on the filter cloth 8, so as to ensure the filtering performance of the filter cloth 8, improve the service life of the filter cloth 8, avoid the conventional large-water-volume washing and save water source.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a solid useless silicon-aluminum high efficiency separation and filterable rubber belt vacuum filter, includes conveying assembly, keeps off material subassembly, compress subassembly, presss from both sides cloth subassembly and clean subassembly, its characterized in that: the conveying assembly comprises a rack (1), a driving roller (2) and a rubber belt (3), the driving roller (2) rotates to be arranged at two ends of the inner side of the rack (1) and is driven by a motor, the rubber belt (3) is wound on the driving roller (2), a first guide roller (4) and a second guide roller (5) are installed on the upper side and the lower side of one end of the rack (1), a third guide roller (6) and a fourth guide roller (7) are installed on the upper side and the lower side of the other end of the rack (1), a filter cloth (8) is wound on the first guide roller (4), the second guide roller (5), the third guide roller (6) and the fourth guide roller (7), the upper end of the filter cloth (8) bypasses the rubber belt (3) and is attached, a support frame (9) is arranged on the front side and the rear side of the rack (1), an angle iron (10) is arranged on the support frame (9), an inclined support frame (11) is arranged, and the inner side of the inclined bracket (11) is provided with a PP baffle plate (12).
2. The rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the material blocking assembly comprises a fixing frame (13) and a material blocking plate (14), the fixing frame (13) is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying assembly, the material blocking plate (14) is rotatably arranged on one side of the fixing frame (13), the upper end of the inner side of the fixing frame (13) is hinged with a push-pull air cylinder (15), and the output end of the push-pull air cylinder (15) is hinged with one side of the material blocking plate (14).
3. The rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum according to claim 2, which is characterized in that: the cloth pressing component comprises a portal frame (16), a bearing seat (17) and a cloth pressing roller (18), the portal frame (16) is arranged at the feeding end of the conveying component, the bearing seat (17) is connected to the upper end of the inner side of the portal frame (16), the cloth pressing roller (18) is rotatably arranged below the bearing seat (17), and the bottom of the cloth pressing roller (18) compresses the filter cloth (8).
4. The rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum according to claim 3, which is characterized in that: press from both sides cloth subassembly is including adjusting seat (19) and regulating plate (20), adjust seat (19) and establish the front and back side in frame (1) ejection of compact department, be equipped with first mounting groove (21) on adjusting seat (19), be equipped with second mounting groove (22) on regulating plate (20), first mounting groove (21) and second mounting groove (22) are connected with the bolt, install installation piece (23) through the rotation of knob bolt in the inner of regulating plate (20), and one side rotation of installation piece (23) installs and presss from both sides roller (24).
5. The rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum according to claim 4, which is characterized in that: the cleaning assembly comprises a first waste bin (25) and a brush roller (26), the first waste bin (25) is arranged at the position below the filter cloth (8), the brush roller (26) is rotatably installed on the first waste bin (25) through a shaft foot, the brush roller (26) is driven to rotate through a motor, and the filter cloth (8) is contacted with the top of the brush roller (26).
6. The rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum according to claim 4, which is characterized in that: clean subassembly includes second waste bin (27) and compressed air pipe (28), the below position department at filter cloth (8) is established in second waste bin (27), compressed air pipe (28) are located second waste bin (27) top, and compressed air pipe (28) connect compressed air pump, the intercommunication has shower nozzle (29) on compressed air pipe (28), and the output of shower nozzle (29) is towards filter cloth (8).
7. The rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum according to claim 4, which is characterized in that: clean subassembly includes third waste feed bin (30) and spacing roller (31), below position department at filter cloth (8) is established in third waste feed bin (30), establish inside third waste feed bin (30) spacing roller (31), water and supersonic generator (32) are equipped with in third waste feed bin (30), spacing roller (31) are walked around in filter cloth (8).
8. The rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: one end of the frame (1) is provided with a scraper (33), and the inner side of the scraper (33) contacts the filter cloth (8).
CN202110385911.0A 2021-04-09 2021-04-09 Rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum Pending CN112957803A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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CN202110385911.0A CN112957803A (en) 2021-04-09 2021-04-09 Rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum
PCT/CN2021/128608 WO2022213589A1 (en) 2021-04-09 2021-11-04 Rubber belt-type vacuum filter for efficient separation and filtration of solid waste silicon and aluminum

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110385911.0A CN112957803A (en) 2021-04-09 2021-04-09 Rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum

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CN112957803A true CN112957803A (en) 2021-06-15

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115155140A (en) * 2022-08-05 2022-10-11 林炳义 Vertical vacuum filter and vacuum filtering method
WO2022213589A1 (en) * 2021-04-09 2022-10-13 湖州核华环保科技有限公司 Rubber belt-type vacuum filter for efficient separation and filtration of solid waste silicon and aluminum
CN117282161A (en) * 2023-11-24 2023-12-26 广东铨冠智能科技有限公司 Machine tool chip filtering treatment device

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201240981Y (en) * 2008-07-16 2009-05-20 核工业烟台同兴实业有限公司 Horizontal rubber belt type vacuum filter
CN102897809A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-01-30 大唐国际发电股份有限公司 Method and equipment for separating and washing fly ash calcium silicate slag
CN105413289A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-23 昆山菲萝环保设备有限公司 Efficient energy-saving full-automatic belt type vacuum filter
CN112957803A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-06-15 湖州核华环保科技有限公司 Rubber belt type vacuum filter for efficiently separating and filtering solid waste silicon and aluminum

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2022213589A1 (en) * 2021-04-09 2022-10-13 湖州核华环保科技有限公司 Rubber belt-type vacuum filter for efficient separation and filtration of solid waste silicon and aluminum
CN115155140A (en) * 2022-08-05 2022-10-11 林炳义 Vertical vacuum filter and vacuum filtering method
CN117282161A (en) * 2023-11-24 2023-12-26 广东铨冠智能科技有限公司 Machine tool chip filtering treatment device
CN117282161B (en) * 2023-11-24 2024-03-08 广东铨冠智能科技有限公司 Machine tool chip filtering treatment device

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