CN112897622A - Sewage treatment system and sewage treatment method - Google Patents

Sewage treatment system and sewage treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112897622A
CN112897622A CN202110080218.2A CN202110080218A CN112897622A CN 112897622 A CN112897622 A CN 112897622A CN 202110080218 A CN202110080218 A CN 202110080218A CN 112897622 A CN112897622 A CN 112897622A
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adsorption separation
adsorption
medicament
sewage
water inlet
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CN112897622B (en
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李海波
王广志
麦学耘
孙锐
谭宇昂
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Shenzhen Wanchuang Green Research And Development Co ltd
Wanchuang Qinglyu Beijing Environmental Technology Co ltd
Shenzhen Wanchuang Green Environmental Engineering Co ltd
Dongguan Vanke Architectural Technology Research Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Wanchuang Green Research And Development Co ltd
Wanchuang Qinglyu Beijing Environmental Technology Co ltd
Shenzhen Wanchuang Green Environmental Engineering Co ltd
Dongguan Vanke Architectural Technology Research Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/281Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using inorganic sorbents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Separation Using Semi-Permeable Membranes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a sewage treatment system and a sewage treatment method, wherein the sewage treatment system comprises a reaction container and a membrane filter assembly, wherein an adsorption separation cavity, an interception cavity, a water inlet, a water outlet and a discharge port are arranged in the reaction container, the water inlet, the adsorption separation cavity, the interception cavity and the water outlet are sequentially communicated, and the discharge port is communicated with the adsorption separation cavity; the membrane filtering component comprises a membrane filtering material with the porosity of more than 90%, the membrane filtering material is arranged in the intercepting cavity, and sewage to be treated entering from the water inlet is treated by an adsorption separation material or a medicament in the adsorption separation cavity, and then the adsorption separation material or the medicament is filtered by the membrane filtering material and flows out from the water outlet. The invention can effectively enrich the adsorption separation material or medicament, improve the adsorption and capture capacity of the adsorption separation material or medicament, improve the sewage treatment efficiency and prolong the service life of the adsorption separation material or medicament.

Description

Sewage treatment system and sewage treatment method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of environmental protection, in particular to a sewage treatment system and a sewage treatment method.
Background
Adsorption separation is a water treatment technology which is generally applied at present. Generally, an adsorption separation material or a medicament captures pollutants in water through electrostatic action, hydrophilic and hydrophobic action, ion exchange action, pi-pi action and the like so as to realize separation and removal and achieve the aim of purifying water. Common adsorptive separation materials or agents include carbon powder, ion exchange resins, coagulants, fly ash, molecular sieves, kaolin, and the like. The smaller the size of the adsorption separation material is, the larger the total surface area of the adsorption separation material is, the more effective functional groups are, and the better the adsorption separation effect is. However, the size is too small, the loss is easy, the flow rate of inflow water needs to be reduced, and the adsorption saturation capacity cannot be fully achieved.
In order to improve the treatment efficiency of the adsorption separation material, achieve the adsorption saturation capacity of the adsorption separation material and prolong the service life of the adsorption separation material, scientific researchers continuously improve the material structure and the functional group characteristics of the adsorption separation material. The application result of the practical wastewater treatment engineering shows that the water quantity is large, the flow rate is high, and the time required by adsorption saturation of the water quantity is difficult to achieve. Therefore, the synchronous increase of the adsorption rate and the adsorption amount becomes a difficulty in industrial application.
The adsorption separation effect is improved by other processes, and the method is an effective way. How process combinations achieve 1+1>2 is a huge challenge. Generally, the processes combined with the adsorption separation process include an activated sludge microorganism process and a filtration process. The adsorption separation material is used as an assistant and can be used for strengthening the activated sludge microbial process and improving the microbial degradation efficiency; or the pollutants which are easy to pollute the filter material are pretreated, and the service life of the filter material is prolonged. However, how to improve the adsorption rate and the adsorption amount of the adsorption separation material by other processes and reduce the usage amount thereof to reduce the waste disposal burden thereof, the realization of the synergistic improvement of the water purification efficiency of the combined process is still a practical difficulty.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a new sewage treatment system and a new sewage treatment method, aiming at the problem that the adsorption rate and the adsorption amount of the adsorption separation material cannot be considered when sewage is treated by the adsorption separation method.
The technical scheme for solving the technical problems is that the invention provides a sewage treatment system, which comprises a reaction container and a membrane filter assembly, wherein an adsorption separation cavity, an interception cavity, a water inlet, a water outlet and a discharge port are arranged in the reaction container, the water inlet, the adsorption separation cavity, the interception cavity and the water outlet are sequentially communicated, and the discharge port is communicated with the adsorption separation cavity;
the membrane filtering component comprises a membrane filtering material with the porosity of more than 90%, the membrane filtering material is arranged in the intercepting cavity, and after sewage to be treated entering from the water inlet is treated by an adsorption separation material or a medicament in the adsorption separation cavity, the adsorption separation material or the medicament is filtered by the membrane filtering material and flows out from the water outlet;
the particle size of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is less than 300 microns, and the adsorption separation material or the medicament treats the sewage to be treated by one or more of the following modes: electrostatic adsorption, hydrophilic and hydrophobic effect and ion exchange.
Preferably, the size of the membrane filter material in the direction from the adsorption separation cavity to the water outlet is not less than 5mm, and the compression rate of the membrane filter material is not less than 10%;
the membrane filter assembly comprises a compression device, and the compression device is used for compressing the membrane filter material according to the particle size of the adsorption separation material or the medicament so that the interception rate of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is not less than 90%.
Preferably, a primary baffle is arranged in the adsorption separation cavity and is arranged in front of the water inlet;
the water inlet is positioned on the vertical inner wall of the reaction vessel, the distance between the upper part of the primary baffle and the inner wall of the reaction vessel where the water inlet is positioned is larger than the distance between the lower part of the primary baffle and the inner wall of the reaction vessel where the water inlet is positioned, and a complete mixing area is formed between the inner wall of the reaction vessel where the water inlet is positioned and the primary baffle; the sewage to be treated flowing in from the water inlet changes the flow direction under the blockage of the primary baffle plate, and is fully mixed with the adsorption separation material or the medicament in the fully-mixed area.
Preferably, in the reaction vessel, the adsorption separation cavity is separated from the interception cavity by a horizontal partition plate, the interception cavity is positioned above the horizontal partition plate, and the adsorption separation cavity is positioned below the horizontal partition plate;
the water outlet is positioned above the membrane filtering material, and the horizontal partition plate is provided with a communication port for communicating the adsorption separation cavity with the interception cavity.
Preferably, a secondary baffle is arranged in the adsorption separation cavity and is arranged in front of the communication port;
the first side of the secondary baffle is connected with the horizontal partition plate, the second side of the secondary baffle inclines downwards and extends out of the vertical projection area of the communication port, an adsorption area is formed between the primary baffle and the secondary baffle, and an accumulation area is formed between the areas of the communication ports of the secondary baffle and the horizontal partition plate; in the adsorption area, the sewage to be treated flowing from the fully mixed area is fully collided and contacted with adsorption separation materials or medicaments under the blocking of the secondary baffle plate, and then enters the accumulation area.
Preferably, the top of the first-stage baffle is connected with the first side of the second-stage baffle, an included angle between the first-stage baffle and the second-stage baffle is 75-90 degrees, and an included angle between the second-stage baffle and the horizontal partition plate is 30-35 degrees.
Preferably, the included angle between the bottom plate of the adsorption separation cavity and the horizontal plane is more than 20 degrees, and the discharge port is positioned at the bottom of the bottom plate.
Preferably, the sewage treatment system comprises a pipe mixer including a first inlet, a second inlet and an outlet, and the pipe mixer passes the sewage to be treated through the first inlet, dispenses the adsorptive separation material or the agent through the second inlet, and is connected to the water inlet of the reaction vessel through the outlet.
The invention also provides a sewage treatment method based on the sewage treatment system, which comprises the following steps:
sewage to be treated enters an adsorption separation cavity of the reaction container through a water inlet, and pollutants are separated and removed through an adsorption separation material or a medicament;
and sewage to be treated in the adsorption separation cavity flows into the interception cavity, and flows out of the water outlet after intercepting the adsorption separation material or medicament by the membrane filtering material of the membrane filtering component.
Preferably, the size of the membrane filter material in the direction from the adsorption separation cavity to the water outlet is not less than 5mm, the compressibility of the membrane filter material is not less than 10%, and the membrane filter assembly comprises a compression device; the method further comprises the following steps:
and compressing the membrane filtering material by the compression device to ensure that the interception rate of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is not less than 90%.
The sewage treatment system and the sewage treatment method have the following beneficial effects: the adsorption separation material or the medicament through micron grade is in the adsorption separation cavity to fully adsorb the pollutants in the sewage to be treated, and the adsorption separation material or the medicament is intercepted through the membrane filter material with the porosity of more than 90 percent, so that the adsorption separation material or the medicament can be effectively enriched, and the adsorption of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is promoted
The capture capacity, the sewage treatment efficiency is improved, and the service life is prolonged.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a wastewater treatment system provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a sewage treatment system for sewage treatment according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a graph comparing the amount of polyaluminium chloride used in a conventional sewage treatment system with a sewage treatment system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a graph comparing the total phosphorus treatment efficiency of a sewage treatment system provided by an embodiment of the present invention with that of a conventional sewage treatment system using a polyaluminum chloride agent;
FIG. 5 is a graph comparing the backwashing frequency of a sewage treatment system according to an embodiment of the present invention with that of a conventional sewage treatment system using powdered activated carbon;
FIG. 6 is a graph comparing COD treatment efficiency of the sewage treatment system provided by the embodiment of the present invention and that of the conventional sewage treatment system using powdered activated carbon.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Fig. 1-2 are schematic structural diagrams of a sewage treatment system according to an embodiment of the present invention, which can be used for sewage treatment, especially domestic sewage. The sewage treatment system of the present embodiment includes a reaction vessel 10 and a membrane filter assembly, wherein the reaction vessel 10 is a relatively closed vessel for providing a space for sewage treatment.
In this embodiment, an adsorption separation chamber, an intercepting chamber 12, a water inlet 114, a water outlet 115, and a discharge port 116 are disposed in the reaction vessel 10, the water inlet 114, the adsorption separation chamber, the intercepting chamber 12, and the water outlet 115 are sequentially communicated in a flow direction of sewage, and the discharge port 116 is communicated with the adsorption separation chamber. The membrane filter assembly comprises a membrane filter material 21 arranged in the intercepting chamber 12, and the membrane filter has a porosity of more than 90%.
The sewage to be treated enters the adsorption separation chamber from the water inlet 114, and in the adsorption separation chamber, the adsorption separation material or agent 30 adsorbs and separates pollutants (such as phosphorus-containing pollutants, COD, etc.) in the sewage to be treated. The pollutants in the sewage to be treated comprise COD and BOD5SS, turbidity, chromaticity, ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus, faecal coliform number and the like.
Specifically, the above-mentioned sewage treatment system includes a pipe mixer 23 including a first inlet 231, a second inlet 232, and an outlet, and the pipe mixer 23 introduces the sewage to be treated through the first inlet 231, dispenses the adsorptive separation material or agent 30 through the second inlet 232, and is connected to the water inlet 114 of the reaction vessel 10 through the outlet. In the initial stage of sewage treatment, the adsorptive separation material or the chemical agent 30 may be introduced through the second inlet 232 while the wastewater to be treated is introduced, so that the adsorptive separation material or the chemical agent 30 is carried by the sewage to be treated into the reaction vessel.
In this embodiment, the particle size of the adsorptive separation material or the pharmaceutical 30 is less than 300 μm, and the adsorptive separation material or the pharmaceutical 30 is used for treating the wastewater to be treated by one or more of the following methods: the electrostatic adsorption, hydrophilic-hydrophobic interaction, ion exchange, for example, the adsorptive separation material or the chemical 30 may be one or more of the following coagulants, carbon powder, ion exchange resin, and the like. The sewage after the adsorption separation treatment enters the interception cavity 12, and flows out from the water outlet 115 after the adsorption separation material or the medicament 30 is filtered by the membrane filter material 21.
Above-mentioned sewage treatment system, adsorption and separation material or medicament 30 through the micron order are in the adsorption and separation intracavity, fully adsorb the pollutant in the sewage of treating, and intercept adsorption and separation material or medicament 30 through the membrane filter material that has the porosity more than 90%, avoid adsorption and separation material or medicament 30 to run off, can effectively enrich adsorption and separation material or medicament 30, promote adsorption and separation material or medicament 30's adsorption capture ability, improve its sewage treatment efficiency, prolong its life.
In addition, the filling ratio of the adsorption/separation material or the chemical 30 in the adsorption/separation chamber of the reaction vessel, i.e., the volume ratio of the adsorption/separation material or the chemical in the treatment region, is 40% to 80%. Under the synergistic condition of membrane filtration material 21, the accessible improves into water flow in order to reduce into water dwell time to improve the degree of turbulence and the collision contact sewage chance of adsorption separation material or medicament 30, under the prerequisite of guaranteeing the sewage treatment effect, make the life extension of adsorption separation material or medicament 30 2 ~ 60 times.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the dimension of the membrane filter material 21 in the direction from the adsorption separation chamber to the water outlet 115 is not less than 5mm, and the compressibility of the membrane filter material 21 is not less than 10%, specifically, the membrane filter material includes sponge, glass wool, non-woven fabric, and the like. In addition, in order to increase the interception rate of the adsorptive separation material or the pharmaceutical 30, the membrane filter assembly further includes a compressing device 22, and the compressing device 22 is configured to compress the membrane filter material 21 according to the particle size of the adsorptive separation material or the pharmaceutical 30, so that the interception rate of the adsorptive separation material or the pharmaceutical 30 is not less than 90%.
For example, when the particle size of the adsorptive separation material or the pharmaceutical agent 30 is relatively small (in the micron-sized range), the compression amount of the membrane filtration material can be increased by the compression device 22; when the particle size of the adsorptive separation material or the pharmaceutical agent 30 is relatively large (also in the micron-size range), the compression amount of the membrane filtration material can be reduced by the compression device 22; thereby, while ensuring the flow velocity of the water treated by the adsorption separation material or the medicament 30, the adsorption separation material or the medicament 30 is intercepted to the maximum extent, and the dosage of the adsorption separation material or the medicament 30 is saved.
In one embodiment of the invention, in the reaction vessel 10, the adsorption separation chamber is separated from the interception chamber 12 by a horizontal partition 15, the interception chamber 12 is located above the horizontal partition 15, the adsorption separation chamber is located below the horizontal partition 15, and the water outlet 115 is located above the membrane filtration material 21. The horizontal partition 15 has a communication port for communicating the adsorption separation chamber with the catch chamber 12. With the above structure, the residence time of the sewage to be treated in the reaction vessel 10 is easily controlled.
The primary baffle 13 is arranged in the adsorption separation cavity, the primary baffle 13 is arranged in front of the water inlet 114, correspondingly, the water inlet 114 is positioned on the vertical inner wall of the reaction vessel 10, the distance between the upper part of the primary baffle 13 and the inner wall of the reaction vessel 10 where the water inlet 114 is positioned is larger than the distance between the lower part of the primary baffle 13 and the inner wall of the reaction vessel 10 where the water inlet 114 is positioned, and a complete mixing area 111 is formed between the inner wall of the reaction vessel 10 where the water inlet 114 is positioned and the primary baffle 13. Thus, the sewage to be treated flowing in from the water inlet 114 is changed in flow direction by the first-stage baffle 13 and is sufficiently mixed with the adsorptive separation material or the chemical 30 in the complete mixing zone 111.
In addition, a secondary baffle 14 can be arranged in the adsorption separation cavity, and the secondary baffle 14 is arranged in front of a communication port of the horizontal partition plate 15; and, the first side of the secondary baffle 14 is connected to the horizontal partition 15, and the second side (i.e., the side away from the first side) of the secondary baffle 14 is inclined downward and extends outside the vertical projection area of the communication port, and an adsorption area 112 is formed between the primary baffle 13 and the secondary baffle 14, and an accumulation area 113 is formed between the secondary baffle 14 and the area of the communication port of the horizontal partition 15. In the adsorption zone, the sewage to be treated flowing from the fully mixed zone 111 is fully collided and contacted with the adsorption separation material or medicament 30 under the blocking of the secondary baffle 14, and then enters the accumulation zone 113 for further adsorption separation.
Particularly, the top of the primary baffle 13 is connected with the first side of the secondary baffle 14, the included angle between the primary baffle 13 and the secondary baffle 14 is 75-90 degrees, and the included angle between the secondary baffle 14 and the horizontal partition 15 is 30-35 degrees. Thus, under the cooperation of the membrane filter material 21, the inflow water flow rate of the water inlet 114 can be increased by 1-15 times to reduce the inflow water retention time, so as to improve the turbulence degree and the possibility of collision and contact with sewage of the adsorption separation material or medicament 30 in the full mixing zone 111, the adsorption zone 112 and the accumulation zone 113, and simultaneously, the adsorption separation material or medicament 30 is beneficial to naturally settling in the accumulation zone 113 to the adsorption zone 112, so that the amount of the adsorption separation material or medicament 30 reaching the interception zone 12 is reduced.
Multiple experiments prove that the removal rate of a certain sewage treatment index can be improved by 50 to 6000 percent under the same dosage of the adsorption separation material or the medicament 30, wherein the sewage treatment index comprises COD and BOD5SS, turbidity, chromaticity, ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus, faecal coliform number and the like.
With reference to fig. 5 and 6, in the sewage treatment system, when the powdered activated carbon is used as the adsorption separation material, the total usage time of the adsorption separation material is increased by 2 to 60 times under the same backwashing frequency or the backwashing frequency of the adsorption separation material is decreased by 2 to 60 times under the same total usage time before the adsorption separation material is replaced. Meanwhile, the removal rate of COD in the sewage to be treated can be improved.
In particular, the bottom plate 113 of the adsorption separation chamber of the reaction vessel 10 is at an angle of more than 20 ° to the horizontal, and the discharge port 116 is located at the bottom of the bottom plate 116. Through above-mentioned structure, the adsorption and separation material or the medicament 30 of the abundant adsorbed pollutant of being convenient for sink and descend to discharge port 116 department at self action of gravity, and the adsorption and separation material or the medicament 30 of the abundant adsorbed pollutant then follow rivers and upwards flow to in the abundant contact of pending waste water, improve the efficiency of adsorption and separation material or the adsorbed pollutant of medicament 30.
The invention also provides a sewage treatment method based on the sewage treatment system, which comprises the following steps:
in the initial stage, the sewage to be treated mixed with the adsorption separation material or the medicament 30 is introduced into the reaction vessel 10 through the water inlet 114 at a first inflow rate;
after the preset time, the sewage to be treated is separately introduced into the reaction container through the water inlet at a second inflow flow rate, and the second inflow flow rate is greater than the first inflow flow rate. The preset time can be adjusted according to the type of the sewage to be treated.
In the above sewage treatment method, the method may further comprise: the membrane filtering material is compressed by a compression device, so that the interception rate of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is not less than 90%.
Example 1
The sewage treatment system shown in figure 1 is used, wherein the adsorption separation material or medicament is polyaluminium chloride, and the membrane filtering material is hydrophilic sponge with pore canal size of 200 microns. The polyaluminium chloride is uniformly mixed with the sewage inlet water to be treated (the inlet flow rate is 10m/h) according to the proportion of 35mg/L by a pipeline mixer and enters a full mixing area 111 of the reaction vessel 10; after the rapid mixing contact is carried out in the complete mixing zone 111, the wastewater further flows through the adsorption zone 112 to fully contact with pollutants in the water body, and is adsorbed and trapped to form polyaluminium chloride alum floc; the alumen ustum enters the accumulation zone 113 along with the water flow, and is completely intercepted by the membrane filter material 21, and gradually accumulated to form a polyaluminium chloride accumulation layer.
After the operation is carried out for 2 weeks, the inflow velocity of the sewage to be treated is increased to 25m/h, the addition of the polyaluminium chloride is stopped, the volume ratio of the polyaluminium chloride in the adsorption separation area of the reaction vessel 10 is 65 percent, the total phosphorus can be still efficiently removed, the removal rate can be increased to 15 percent, and the continuous and effective operation can be carried out for 13 weeks additionally.
Compared with the traditional sewage treatment system adopting polyaluminium chloride to remove the total phosphorus, the polyaluminium chloride accumulation layer has the function of a high-efficiency filter column, can realize multi-layer adsorption, increases the utilization rate of the polyaluminium chloride, saves the using amount of the polyaluminium chloride by 16 times, and improves the removal rate of the total phosphorus.
Example 2
Similarly, the sewage treatment system shown in fig. 1 is adopted, the adsorption separation material or medicament 30 is 200 micron powdered activated carbon, and the membrane filter material 21 is hydrophilic sponge with pore size of 50 micron. After the powdered activated carbon is filled according to the volume ratio of 75%, the sewage inlet water to be treated (the inlet flow rate is 3m/h) is introduced into the reaction vessel 10. The sewage flows through the fully mixing zone 111 to be rapidly mixed and contacted with the powdered activated carbon; the powdered activated carbon further turbulently adsorbs and traps pollutants in the water body in the adsorption area 112 under the action of water flow; finally, as the water flow enters the accumulation area 113, the water flow is totally intercepted by the membrane filtering material 21 and gradually accumulated to form a powder activated carbon accumulation layer.
After 14 weeks of operation, the regeneration was performed 5 times with hot water backwash, as shown in FIG. 5. Compared with the traditional sewage treatment system adopting powdered activated carbon, the backwashing frequency of the powdered activated carbon is greatly reduced to only 8%, and meanwhile, the removal efficiency is obviously improved (by about 3 times), as shown in fig. 6.
In this embodiment 2, the membrane filter material can effectively intercept powdered activated carbon, realizes the subregion under the assistance of one-level baffle 13 and second grade baffle 14, increases powdered activated carbon's contact adsorption opportunity, forms high-efficient fluidized bed at the adsorption zone, forms the accumulation layer in the accumulation district, plays high-efficient adsorption and filtration's effect, realizes activated carbon multilayer adsorption, increases its utilization efficiency, improves a water quality of water greatly.
Example 3
Also, the sewage treatment system shown in fig. 1 is adopted, the adsorption separation material or agent 30 is aerobic bacteria of 300 microns, and the membrane filter material 21 is hydrophilic sponge with pore size of 50 microns. After aerobic bacteria are filled according to the volume ratio of 75 percent, the sewage inlet water to be treated (the inlet flow rate is 3m/h, and the oxygen concentration is 2mg/L) is introduced into the reaction vessel 10. The sewage flows through the fully mixing zone 111 to be rapidly mixed and contacted with aerobic bacteria; the aerobic bacteria further turbulently adsorb and capture pollutants in the water body in the adsorption region 112 under the action of the water flow; finally, as the water flow enters the accumulation area 113, the water flow is completely intercepted by the membrane filter material 21 and gradually accumulated to form an aerobic bacteria accumulation layer.
After the addition of the aerobic bacteria is stopped, the sewage is continuously fed for 3 days, then the water feeding is stopped for 2 days, and the operation is carried out for 10 times according to the mode of water feeding for 3 days and water stopping for 2 days, so that the aerobic bacteria are forced to secrete a large amount of extracellular polymeric substances to form a bacterial mass, and the capacity of adsorbing pollutants in the sewage is improved. The sewage is restarted to enter water, and aerobic bacteria continuously adsorb and degrade pollutants in the sewage, so that the aim of purifying the water body is fulfilled. Compared with the traditional system for sewage treatment by adopting aerobic bacteria, the hydraulic retention time of the aerobic bacteria mass intercepted by the membrane filtration can be shortened by 2 times, meanwhile, the total nitrogen removal efficiency is obviously improved (by about 60 percent), and the sludge age is improved by 5 times.
In this embodiment 3, the membrane filter material can effectively intercept aerobic bacteria, greatly increase the sludge concentration, improve the adsorption contact chance of the aerobic bacteria, and synchronously reduce the hydraulic retention time; realize the subregion under the assistance of one-level baffle 13 and second grade baffle 14, impel the fungus group to produce form and size diversity, realize different degradability, especially form the miniaturation fungus group (fungus group size 1 ~ 3mm) in adsorption zone 113, improved the efficiency of removing of total nitrogen.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are included in the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. A sewage treatment system is characterized by comprising a reaction container and a membrane filter assembly, wherein an adsorption separation cavity, an interception cavity, a water inlet, a water outlet and a discharge port are arranged in the reaction container, the water inlet, the adsorption separation cavity, the interception cavity and the water outlet are sequentially communicated, and the discharge port is communicated with the adsorption separation cavity;
the membrane filtering component comprises a membrane filtering material with the porosity of more than 90%, the membrane filtering material is arranged in the intercepting cavity, and after sewage to be treated entering from the water inlet is treated by an adsorption separation material or a medicament in the adsorption separation cavity, the adsorption separation material or the medicament is filtered by the membrane filtering material and flows out from the water outlet;
the particle size of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is less than 300 microns, and the adsorption separation material or the medicament treats the sewage to be treated by one or more of the following modes: electrostatic adsorption, hydrophilic and hydrophobic effect and ion exchange.
2. The sewage treatment system of claim 1, wherein the dimension of the membrane filter material in the direction from the adsorption separation chamber to the water outlet is not less than 5mm, and the compressibility of the membrane filter material is not less than 10%;
the membrane filter assembly comprises a compression device, and the compression device is used for compressing the membrane filter material according to the particle size of the adsorption separation material or the medicament so that the interception rate of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is not less than 90%.
3. The wastewater treatment system according to claim 1, wherein a primary baffle is disposed in the adsorption separation chamber, and the primary baffle is disposed in front of the water inlet;
the water inlet is positioned on the vertical inner wall of the reaction vessel, the distance between the upper part of the primary baffle and the inner wall of the reaction vessel where the water inlet is positioned is larger than the distance between the lower part of the primary baffle and the inner wall of the reaction vessel where the water inlet is positioned, and a complete mixing area is formed between the inner wall of the reaction vessel where the water inlet is positioned and the primary baffle; the sewage to be treated flowing in from the water inlet changes the flow direction under the blockage of the primary baffle plate, and is fully mixed with the adsorption separation material or the medicament in the fully-mixed area.
4. The wastewater treatment system according to claim 3, wherein the adsorption separation chamber and the interception chamber are separated by a horizontal partition plate in the reaction vessel, and the interception chamber is positioned above the horizontal partition plate and the adsorption separation chamber is positioned below the horizontal partition plate;
the water outlet is positioned above the membrane filtering material, and the horizontal partition plate is provided with a communication port for communicating the adsorption separation cavity with the interception cavity.
5. The wastewater treatment system according to claim 4, wherein a secondary baffle is arranged in the adsorption separation chamber and is arranged in front of the communication port;
the first side of the secondary baffle is connected with the horizontal partition plate, the second side of the secondary baffle inclines downwards and extends out of the vertical projection area of the communication port, an adsorption area is formed between the primary baffle and the secondary baffle, and an accumulation area is formed between the areas of the communication ports of the secondary baffle and the horizontal partition plate; in the adsorption area, the sewage to be treated flowing from the fully mixed area is fully collided and contacted with adsorption separation materials or medicaments under the blocking of the secondary baffle plate, and then enters the accumulation area.
6. The wastewater treatment system of claim 5, wherein the top of the primary baffle is connected to the first side of the secondary baffle, and the angle between the primary baffle and the secondary baffle is 75-90 °, and the angle between the secondary baffle and the horizontal partition is 30-35 °.
7. The wastewater treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the bottom plate of the adsorption separation chamber has an angle greater than 20 ° with respect to a horizontal plane, and the discharge port is located at the bottom of the bottom plate.
8. The wastewater treatment system of claim 1, comprising a pipe mixer, wherein the pipe mixer comprises a first inlet, a second inlet, and an outlet, and wherein the pipe mixer is configured to introduce wastewater to be treated through the first inlet, to dispense the adsorptive separation material or agent through the second inlet, and to connect to the water inlet of the reaction vessel through the outlet.
9. A method for treating sewage based on the sewage treatment system according to any one of claims 1 to 8, comprising the steps of:
introducing the sewage to be treated mixed with the adsorption separation material or the medicament into a reaction container through a water inlet at a first water inflow speed;
after the preset time, the sewage to be treated is separately introduced into the reaction container through the water inlet at a second inflow flow rate, and the second inflow flow rate is greater than the first inflow flow rate.
10. The wastewater treatment method according to claim 9, wherein the dimension of the membrane filter material in the direction from the adsorption separation chamber to the water outlet is not less than 5mm, and the compressibility of the membrane filter material is not less than 10%, and the membrane filter assembly comprises a compression device; the method further comprises the following steps:
and compressing the membrane filtering material by the compression device to ensure that the interception rate of the adsorption separation material or the medicament is not less than 90%.
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US20120301800A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2012-11-29 Bayne Carew Filter apparatus
CN106995258A (en) * 2017-05-05 2017-08-01 常州大学 A kind of sludge with high silver processing unit
CN206414820U (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-08-18 重庆力德高端水处理设备研发有限公司 Space-changeable type fiber bundle filter
US20200207654A1 (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-07-02 E. Bayne Carew Apparatus and method to concentrate and dry generally organic solids and produce purified water therefrom

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120301800A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2012-11-29 Bayne Carew Filter apparatus
CN101843994A (en) * 2010-04-26 2010-09-29 上海凡清环境工程有限公司 Method and device for filtering mechanically compressed vertical flow fiber bundle
CN206414820U (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-08-18 重庆力德高端水处理设备研发有限公司 Space-changeable type fiber bundle filter
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