CN112892096B - A but, self-cleaning adsorbs fiber filtering structure for gas treatment - Google Patents

A but, self-cleaning adsorbs fiber filtering structure for gas treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112892096B
CN112892096B CN202110111550.0A CN202110111550A CN112892096B CN 112892096 B CN112892096 B CN 112892096B CN 202110111550 A CN202110111550 A CN 202110111550A CN 112892096 B CN112892096 B CN 112892096B
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movable
driving
rod
negative pressure
filtering
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CN112892096A (en
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卢麒麟
徐艺倩
王封丹
楚陈晨
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Fujian Yilai Industrial Co ltd
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Minjiang University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/56Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • B01D46/62Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition connected in series
    • B01D46/64Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition connected in series arranged concentrically or coaxially
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2267/00Multiple filter elements specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2267/40Different types of filters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2267/00Multiple filter elements specially adapted for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D2267/70Horizontal arrangement

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Separation Using Semi-Permeable Membranes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic cleaning adsorption fiber filtering structure for gas treatment, which comprises a filtering box body, a coarse filter screen plate, a secondary filter plate, an active carbon adsorption layer, a nanofiber filter membrane, a wet curtain and a driving motor, wherein the coarse filter screen plate, the secondary filter plate, the active carbon adsorption layer, the nanofiber filter membrane and the wet curtain are sequentially arranged inside the filtering box body from left to right, a movable brush plate is attached to the outer side surface of the coarse filter screen plate, a side movable frame is arranged on the outer side of the movable brush plate, mounting rollers are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the nanofiber filter membrane, an attachment wiping strip is attached to the outer side of each mounting roller, a water spraying hole is formed in the upper side of the wet curtain, and a synchronous driving mechanism is arranged at the output end of the driving motor. This but be used for gaseous processing self-cleaning adsorption fibers filtration, can carry out nimble inside automatic clearance, and keep the synchronous drive of a plurality of clearance mechanisms through synchronous drive mechanism, make things convenient for inside clearance.

Description

A but, self-cleaning adsorbs fiber filtering structure for gas treatment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of air purification, in particular to an adsorption fiber filtering structure capable of being automatically cleaned and used for gas treatment.
Background
At present, people have higher and higher requirements on air quality, have corresponding control standards for industrial waste gas emission and indoor air quality, and in occasions such as workshop processing in the textile industry, a large amount of fiber impurities exist in the air generally, so that the workshop working environment is influenced easily, the physical health of workers is not facilitated, and the most common physical means for filtering the air for the fiber floating dust impurities is to directly perform gas treatment.
When the gas is treated by the filtering structure, fiber impurities and the like in the gas can not be avoided to be accumulated on the filtering structure, particularly, a large amount of impurities are easily attached to the outer layer structure, the inner nano-layer structure is also easily influenced, the normal circulation of the air flow is not facilitated, the filtering effect is influenced, the internal cleaning is not convenient for the common filtering structure, an external filtering net layer is additionally arranged in the high-efficiency self-cleaning air filtering device for spinning with the Chinese patent publication No. CN107583404A, the air entering the purifying box is pretreated, large particle dust contained in the air is left on the surface of the filtering net layer under the filtering action of the filtering net layer, so that the subsequent cleaning operation is facilitated, the problem of air flow blockage and suction is avoided, the method can only facilitate the external cleaning, and the cleaning of the internal filtering structure is still inconvenient, there is a lack of a corresponding automatic cleaning mechanism.
Aiming at the problems, the novel design is carried out on the basis of the original gas treatment filtering structure.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an adsorption fiber filtering structure capable of being automatically cleaned for gas treatment, which aims to solve the problems that the interior of the gas treatment filtering structure is not convenient to clean, impurities are accumulated to influence gas flow filtration, and a common cleaning structure is not convenient to operate.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a fiber filtering structure capable of being automatically cleaned and adsorbed for gas treatment comprises a filtering box body, a coarse filtering screen plate, a secondary filtering plate, an active carbon adsorption layer, a nanofiber filtering membrane, a wet curtain and a driving motor, wherein the coarse filtering screen plate, the secondary filtering plate, the active carbon adsorption layer, the nanofiber filtering membrane and the wet curtain are sequentially installed inside the filtering box body from left to right, an ash collecting groove and a water storage groove are respectively arranged below the coarse filtering screen plate and the wet curtain, a cleaning port and a water injection port are respectively arranged outside the ash collecting groove and the water storage groove, a movable brush plate is attached to the surface of the outer side of the coarse filtering screen plate, a side movable frame is arranged outside the movable brush plate, tooth grooves are uniformly distributed on the outer surface of the side movable frame, installation rollers are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the nanofiber filtering membrane, attachment wiping strips are arranged on the outer side of the installation rollers, water spraying orifices are arranged on the upper side of the wet curtain, and the side of trickle orifice is connected with the connecting pipe, the rear end of connecting pipe is connected with elasticity negative pressure chamber, and the below in elasticity negative pressure chamber is connected with circulating pipe, the check valve is all installed to the linkage segment in connecting pipe and circulating pipe, the inside in elasticity negative pressure chamber is provided with supporting spring, and the outer end in elasticity negative pressure chamber is provided with movable roof, the movable spout has been seted up to the lateral wall of filtration box, and the inside of activity spout is provided with movable ejector pin, driving motor is located the middle part side top of filtering the box, and driving motor's output is provided with synchronous drive mechanism.
Preferably, the movable brush plate and the side movable frame are of an integrated structure, the movable brush plate is located at the center of an inner circle of the side movable frame, and the side movable frame and the coarse filter screen plate are mutually attached through the movable brush plate.
Preferably, the side movable frame is of a circular ring-shaped structure integrally, the side movable frame forms a rotating structure in the filtering box body, and the rotating axis of the side movable frame and the central axis of the coarse filtering screen plate are overlapped with each other.
Preferably, rub the strip and laminate each other between installation cylinder and the filter box through laminating, nanofiber filtration membrane winding sets up in the outside of installation cylinder, and nanofiber filtration membrane and laminating rub the strip and laminate each other.
Preferably, a water flow passage is formed among the water spraying nozzle, the elastic negative pressure cavity and the water storage tank through a connecting pipe and a circulating water pipe, and a one-way water path structure is formed between the connecting pipe and the circulating water pipe through a check valve.
Preferably, the axis in elasticity negative pressure chamber and supporting spring's axis coincide each other, and the left and right sides in elasticity negative pressure chamber laminate each other with activity roof and filter box respectively.
Preferably, the movable ejector rod forms a sliding structure on the inner side of the movable sliding groove, and the movable ejector rod and the elastic negative pressure cavity are mutually attached through a movable top plate.
Preferably, the synchronous driving mechanism comprises a driving rod, a driving gear, a synchronous transmission rod, a meshing gear, a driving wheel and a transmission connecting rod, the driving rod is arranged on the inner side of the installation roller in a penetrating mode, and the driving gear and the driving wheel are arranged at the front end and the rear end of the driving rod respectively.
Preferably, the left end and the right end of the synchronous transmission rod are respectively provided with a meshing gear, the meshing gear at the left end of the synchronous transmission rod is in meshing connection with a meshing tooth groove, and the meshing gear at the right end of the synchronous transmission rod is in meshing connection with the driving gear.
Preferably, the front end and the rear end of the transmission connecting rod form a rotating structure at the outer sides of the driving wheel and the movable ejector rod respectively, and a rotating axis between the transmission connecting rod and the driving wheel is eccentrically arranged at the outer side of the driving wheel.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the filtering structure of the adsorption fiber capable of automatically cleaning for gas treatment,
1. the driving rod, the driving gear and the driving wheel of the synchronous driving mechanism can be directly driven by the driving motor, so that the brushing cleaning of the movable brush plate at the side movable frame, the wiping cleaning of the attached wiping strip at the installation roller and the elastic negative pressure cavity structure at the water spraying hole can be synchronously and automatically driven by the synchronous driving mechanism, the self-cleaning in the device is convenient, and the cleaning operation is simple and rapid;
2. the inner outer layer coarse filter screen plate can be directly brushed and cleaned through the movable brushing plate at the side movable frame, the side movable frame is synchronously driven through the step transmission rod and the meshing gear of the synchronous driving mechanism, and brushing and cleaning are carried out through the laminating rotating structure of the side movable frame, so that the air flow passing speed is conveniently kept, and the inner part is directly cleaned without stopping;
3. the nanofiber filtering membrane is attached through the mounting roller, the nanofiber filtering membrane is movably mounted through the mounting roller, the mounting roller bracket is synchronously driven through the driving rod of the synchronous driving mechanism, the working surfaces on two sides of the nanofiber filtering membrane can be flexibly switched through the rolling structure of the mounting roller, and meanwhile, the attachment wiping strip attached to the outer layer of the mounting roller can be matched for wiping and cleaning at the same time;
4. accessible trickle orifice cooperation elasticity negative pressure chamber carries out the synchronous processing of spraying to wet curtain department, and elasticity negative pressure chamber accessible synchronous drive mechanism's drive wheel cooperation transmission connecting rod carries out synchronous reciprocal drive extrusion, and the circulation waterway structure of deuterogamying catch basin and circulating pipe makes things convenient for the circulation to spray, and whole journey keeps the linkage with synchronous drive mechanism, need not extra control, makes things convenient for operations such as device's inside clearance.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic top view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional front view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion a of FIG. 2 according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side cross-sectional structural schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a transmission linkage of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a movable chute according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the elastic negative pressure chamber of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a filter box body; 2. a coarse filter screen plate; 3. a secondary filter plate; 4. an activated carbon adsorption layer; 5. a nanofiber filtration membrane; 6. wet curtain; 7. a dust collecting groove; 8. a water storage tank; 9. cleaning the opening; 10. a water injection port; 11. a movable brush plate; 12. a side movable frame; 13. engaging the tooth grooves; 14. installing a roller; 15. attaching the rubbing strips; 16. spraying water and spraying holes; 17. a connecting pipe; 18. an elastic negative pressure cavity; 19. a circulating water pipe; 20. a check valve; 21. a support spring; 22. a movable top plate; 23. a movable chute; 24. a movable ejector rod; 25. a drive motor; 26. a synchronous drive mechanism; 261. a drive rod; 262. a drive gear; 263. a synchronous transmission rod; 264. a meshing gear; 265. a drive wheel; 266. a drive link.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, the present invention provides a technical solution: a filtering structure capable of automatically cleaning and adsorbing fibers for gas treatment comprises a filtering box body 1, a coarse filtering screen plate 2, a secondary filtering screen plate 3, an active carbon adsorption layer 4, a nanofiber filtering membrane 5, a wet curtain 6, an ash collecting groove 7, a water storage groove 8, a cleaning port 9, a water injection port 10, a movable brush plate 11, a side movable frame 12, a meshing tooth groove 13, a mounting roller 14, a laminating wiping strip 15, a water spraying hole 16, a connecting pipe 17, an elastic negative pressure cavity 18, a circulating water pipe 19, a check valve 20, a supporting spring 21, a movable top plate 22, a movable sliding groove 23, a movable ejector rod 24, a driving motor 25, a synchronous driving mechanism 26, a driving rod 261, a driving gear 262, a synchronous driving rod 263, a meshing gear 264, a driving wheel 265 and a driving connecting rod 266, wherein the coarse filtering screen plate 2, the secondary filtering screen plate 3, the active carbon adsorption layer 4, the nanofiber filtering membrane 5 and the wet curtain 6 are sequentially mounted in the filtering box body 1 from left to right, an ash collecting groove 7 and a water storage groove 8 are respectively arranged below the coarse filter screen plate 2 and the wet curtain 6, a cleaning port 9 and a water injection port 10 are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the ash collecting groove 7 and the water storage groove 8, a movable brush plate 11 is arranged on the outer side surface of the coarse filter screen plate 2 in a laminating manner, a side movable frame 12 is arranged on the outer side of the movable brush plate 11, meshing tooth grooves 13 are uniformly distributed on the outer surface of the side movable frame 12, installation rollers 14 are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the nanofiber filter membrane 5, a laminating wiping strip 15 is arranged on the outer side of the installation rollers 14, a water spraying hole 16 is arranged on the upper side of the wet curtain 6, the side end of the water spraying hole 16 is connected with a connecting pipe 17, an elastic negative pressure cavity 18 is connected with the rear end of the connecting pipe 17, a circulating water pipe 19 is connected below the elastic negative pressure cavity 18, a check valve 20 is respectively arranged at the connecting section of the connecting pipe 17 and the circulating water pipe 19, a support spring 21 is arranged inside the elastic negative pressure cavity 18, the outer end of the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 is provided with a movable top plate 22, the side wall of the filtering box body 1 is provided with a movable sliding chute 23, a movable ejector rod 24 is arranged inside the movable sliding chute 23, the driving motor 25 is positioned above the middle side of the filtering box body 1, and the output end of the driving motor 25 is provided with a synchronous driving mechanism 26.
The movable brush plate 11 and the side movable frame 12 of the present embodiment are integrated, the movable brush plate 11 is located at the center of the inner circle of the side movable frame 12, and the side movable frame 12 and the coarse strainer plate 2 are attached to each other through the movable brush plate 11, so that the surface of the coarse strainer plate 2 can be directly and flexibly cleaned through the movable brush plate 11.
The side movable frame 12 is of a circular ring structure as a whole, the side movable frame 12 forms a rotating structure in the filtering box body 1, and the rotating axis of the side movable frame 12 and the central axis of the coarse filtering screen plate 2 are overlapped with each other, so that the movable brush plate 11 and the side movable frame 12 can rotate flexibly as a whole.
Install and rub strip 15 and laminate each other through laminating between the cylinder 14 and the filtration box 1, nanofiber filtration membrane 5 winding sets up in the outside of installing cylinder 14, and nanofiber filtration membrane 5 laminates with laminating rub strip 15 each other, and nanofiber filtration membrane 5's movable mounting can cooperate laminating rub strip 15 to carry out certain surface cleaning, conveniently rotates adjustment working face simultaneously.
A water flow passage is formed among the water spraying spray holes 16, the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 and the water storage tank 8 through the connecting pipe 17 and the circulating water pipe 19, and a one-way water path structure is formed between the connecting pipe 17 and the circulating water pipe 19 through the check valve 20, so that the cyclic utilization of the spraying water body is facilitated.
The axis of the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 and the axis of the supporting spring 21 coincide with each other, and the left and right sides of the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 are respectively attached to the movable top plate 22 and the filtering box body 1, so that the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 is convenient to extrude and reset, and the spraying is carried out automatically.
The movable push rod 24 forms a sliding structure on the inner side of the movable sliding groove 23, and the movable push rod 24 and the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 are mutually attached through the movable top plate 22, so that the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 can be attached and extruded in a reciprocating mode through the movable push rod 24.
Synchronous drive mechanism 26 includes actuating lever 261, drive gear 262, synchronous transfer line 263, meshing gear 264, drive wheel 265 and transmission connecting rod 266, and actuating lever 261 runs through and sets up in installation cylinder 14 inboard, and the front and back both ends of actuating lever 261 are provided with drive gear 262 and drive wheel 265 respectively, and the accessible actuating lever 261 carries out direct drive rotation to installation cylinder 14, conveniently clears up nanofiber filtration membrane 5, keeps the synchro-driven to drive gear 262 and drive wheel 265 simultaneously.
The left end and the right end of the synchronous transmission rod 263 are respectively provided with a meshing gear 264, the meshing gear 264 at the left end of the synchronous transmission rod 263 is in meshing connection with the meshing tooth groove 13, and the meshing gear 264 at the right end of the synchronous transmission rod 263 is in meshing connection with the driving gear 262, so that the synchronous transmission of the driving gear 262 is matched with the meshing transmission of the synchronous transmission rod 263 to drive the side movable frame 12 to synchronously rotate, and the movable brush plate 11 is convenient to synchronously and flexibly clean.
The front end and the rear end of the transmission connecting rod 266 respectively form a rotating structure at the outer sides of the driving wheel 265 and the movable push rod 24, and the rotating axis between the transmission connecting rod 266 and the driving wheel 265 is eccentrically arranged at the outer side of the driving wheel 265, so that the movable push rod 24 is driven to reciprocate, stretch and slide by the rotation of the driving wheel 265, and the synchronous extrusion spraying of the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 is facilitated.
The working principle is as follows: when the self-cleaning adsorption fiber filtering structure for gas treatment is used, according to the graph shown in fig. 1-2, the left end and the right end of the filtering box body 1 can be normally connected with a gas treatment ventilation pipeline and placed in a proper working area for use, the body sequentially passes through the coarse filter screen plate 2, the secondary filter plate 3, the activated carbon adsorption layer 4, the nanofiber filter membrane 5 and the wet curtain 6 under the action of an external fan to carry out multiple filtration and impurity removal, and gas passing through the wet curtain 6 can be matched with spraying to be convenient for improving gas humidity to a certain extent while treating the gas.
After the device is used for filtering for a period of time, according to the illustration in fig. 1-3, impurities are easily accumulated outside the multi-layer filtering structure, particularly the coarse filter screen plate 2 affected by the outermost layer and the nanofiber filtering membrane 5 affected by the outermost layer, at this time, the driving motor 25 can be started for driving treatment, the driving motor 25 can also be set through an external control circuit for timing starting treatment, the driving motor 25 can directly drive the driving rod 261 to rotate, so that the installation rollers 14 rotate synchronously, the installation rollers 14 on the upper side and the lower side and the nanofiber filtering membrane 5 attached to the outer side rotate synchronously, and meanwhile, the nanofiber filtering membrane 5 is kept attached to the attachment wiping strip 15 as shown in fig. 3, so that the surface of the nanofiber filtering membrane 5 can be cleaned to a certain extent.
According to fig. 1-2 and fig. 4, while the driving rod 261 is driven to rotate, the driving gear 262 outside the driving rod 261 can rotate synchronously, the driving gear 262 and the meshing gear 264 on the right side of the synchronous driving rod 263 are meshed for transmission, so as to drive the synchronous driving rod 263 and the meshing gear 264 on the left side to transmit synchronously, the meshing gear 264 on the left side of the synchronous driving rod 263 is meshed with the meshing tooth slot 13, so as to drive the side movable frame 12 to rotate synchronously and movably, the movable brush plate 11 on the inner side of the side movable frame 12 can be attached to the surface of the coarse filter screen plate 2 for synchronous brushing and cleaning, the fallen dust and impurities fall into the dust collecting slot 7 below for convenient cleaning, and the smooth air flow inside the impurities is kept.
According to fig. 1-2 and fig. 5-6, when the driving rod 261 is driven to rotate, the driving wheel 265 at the side end of the driving rod 261 keeps rotating synchronously, so as to drive the outer transmission link 266 to deflect synchronously, and the movable push rod 24 is driven to move synchronously through the movement of the eccentric rotating shaft of the transmission link 266 at the outer side of the driving wheel 265, so that the movable push rod 24 can slide in the movable sliding groove 23 in a reciprocating manner, thereby pushing the movable top plate 22 to extrude the elastic negative pressure cavity 18.
According to the drawings 1-2 and 5-7, when the movable top plate 22 extrudes the elastic negative pressure cavity 18, the inner support spring 21 in the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 is compressed, meanwhile, liquid in the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 flows to the water spraying spray hole 16 through the check valve 20 at the connecting pipe 17 to spray, the spraying and soaking of the wet curtain 6 are kept, redundant spraying water falls into the water storage tank 8 below, when the movable top plate 22 is released and reset, the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 is unfolded and reset under the action of the inner support spring 21, meanwhile, negative pressure drives the water in the water storage tank 8 to flow into the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 through the circulating water pipe 19 and the check valve 20 below, the spraying and soaking water are supplemented, the water storage tank 8 can be filled with water from the water filling port 10, in the use process of the device, the movable brush cleaning of the movable brush plate 11 at the side movable frame 12 can be carried out, the cleaning and cleaning of the attaching wiping strip 15 at the installation roller 14 and the structure of the elastic negative pressure cavity 18 at the water spraying hole 16 can be carried out The operation principle of the self-cleaning adsorption fiber filtering structure for gas treatment is that the self-cleaning adsorption fiber filtering structure is driven synchronously by the synchronous driving mechanism 26, and the content which is not described in detail in the specification belongs to the prior art which is well known to the technicians in the field.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a but self-cleaning adsorbs fiber filtering structure for gas treatment, includes filter box (1), coarse strainer board (2), second grade filter (3), active carbon adsorption layer (4), nanofiber filtration membrane (5), wet curtain (6) and driving motor (25), its characterized in that: the filter box body (1) is internally provided with a coarse filter screen plate (2), a secondary filter plate (3), an activated carbon adsorption layer (4), a nanofiber filter membrane (5) and a wet curtain (6) in sequence from left to right, an ash collecting groove (7) and a water storage groove (8) are respectively arranged below the coarse filter screen plate (2) and the wet curtain (6), a cleaning port (9) and a water filling port (10) are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the ash collecting groove (7) and the water storage groove (8), a movable brush plate (11) is arranged on the outer side surface of the coarse filter screen plate (2) in a laminating manner, a side movable frame (12) is arranged on the outer side of the movable brush plate (11), meshing tooth grooves (13) are uniformly distributed on the outer surface of the side movable frame (12), installation rollers (14) are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the nanofiber filter membrane (5), and laminating wiping strips (15) are arranged on the outer side of the installation rollers (14), a water spraying nozzle (16) is arranged above the side of the wet curtain (6), the side end of the water spraying nozzle (16) is connected with a connecting pipe (17), the back end of the connecting pipe (17) is connected with an elastic negative pressure cavity (18), a circulating water pipe (19) is connected below the elastic negative pressure cavity (18), the connecting sections of the connecting pipe (17) and the circulating water pipe (19) are both provided with check valves (20), a supporting spring (21) is arranged in the elastic negative pressure cavity (18), a movable top plate (22) is arranged at the outer end of the elastic negative pressure cavity (18), a movable sliding groove (23) is arranged on the side wall of the filtering box body (1), and a movable ejector rod (24) is arranged in the movable sliding chute (23), the driving motor (25) is positioned above the middle side of the filtering box body (1), the output end of the driving motor (25) is provided with a synchronous driving mechanism (26);
the synchronous driving mechanism (26) comprises a driving rod (261), a driving gear (262), a synchronous driving rod (263), a meshing gear (264), a driving wheel (265) and a driving connecting rod (266), the driving rod (261) is arranged on the inner side of the installation roller (14) in a penetrating mode, the driving gear (262) and the driving wheel (265) are arranged at the front end and the rear end of the driving rod (261) respectively, the installation roller (14) can be directly driven to rotate through the driving rod (261), the nanofiber filtering membrane (5) is convenient to clean, and the synchronous transmission of the driving gear (262) and the driving wheel (265) is kept;
the left end and the right end of the synchronous transmission rod (263) are respectively provided with a meshing gear (264), the meshing gear (264) at the left end of the synchronous transmission rod (263) is in meshing connection with a meshing tooth groove (13), and the meshing gear (264) at the right end of the synchronous transmission rod (263) is in meshing connection with the driving gear (262), so that the side movable frame (12) is driven to synchronously rotate by the synchronous transmission of the driving gear (262) in cooperation with the meshing transmission of the synchronous transmission rod (263), and the movable brush plates (11) can be conveniently and flexibly cleaned synchronously;
the front end and the rear end of the transmission connecting rod (266) respectively form a rotating structure at the outer sides of the driving wheel (265) and the movable ejector rod (24), and the rotating axis between the transmission connecting rod (266) and the driving wheel (265) is eccentrically arranged at the outer side of the driving wheel (265), so that the movable ejector rod (24) is driven to reciprocate, stretch and slide through the rotation of the driving wheel (265), and the synchronous extrusion spraying of the elastic negative pressure cavity (18) is facilitated.
2. A self-cleanable adsorbent fiber filter structure for gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein: activity brush board (11) and side movable frame (12) are integrated structure, and the interior circle center department that is located side movable frame (12) of activity brush board (11), and laminate each other through activity brush board (11) between side movable frame (12) and coarse strainer plate (2).
3. A self-cleanable adsorbent fiber filter structure for gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the side movable frame (12) is of a circular ring-shaped structure as a whole, the side movable frame (12) forms a rotating structure in the filtering box body (1), and the rotating axis of the side movable frame (12) and the central axis of the coarse filter screen plate (2) are overlapped.
4. A self-cleanable adsorbent fiber filter structure for gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the installation roller (14) and the filtering box body (1) are mutually attached through the attaching rubbing strips (15), the nanofiber filtering membrane (5) is wound on the outer side of the installation roller (14), and the nanofiber filtering membrane (5) and the attaching rubbing strips (15) are mutually attached.
5. A self-cleanable adsorbent fiber filter structure for gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein: a water flow passage is formed among the water spraying spray holes (16), the elastic negative pressure cavity (18) and the water storage tank (8) through a connecting pipe (17) and a circulating water pipe (19), and a one-way water path structure is formed between the connecting pipe (17) and the circulating water pipe (19) through a check valve (20).
6. A self-cleanable adsorbent fiber filter structure for gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the central axis of the elastic negative pressure cavity (18) and the central axis of the supporting spring (21) are superposed with each other, and the left side and the right side of the elastic negative pressure cavity (18) are respectively attached to the movable top plate (22) and the filtering box body (1).
7. A self-cleanable adsorbent fiber filter structure for gas treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the movable ejector rod (24) forms a sliding structure on the inner side of the movable sliding groove (23), and the movable ejector rod (24) and the elastic negative pressure cavity (18) are mutually attached through a movable top plate (22).
CN202110111550.0A 2021-01-27 2021-01-27 A but, self-cleaning adsorbs fiber filtering structure for gas treatment Active CN112892096B (en)

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CN114849409B (en) * 2022-07-07 2023-03-24 江苏扬阳化工设备制造有限公司 Waste gas filtering device for chemical equipment

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