CN112618815A - Nursing sputum suction device for intensive care unit - Google Patents

Nursing sputum suction device for intensive care unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112618815A
CN112618815A CN202110002506.6A CN202110002506A CN112618815A CN 112618815 A CN112618815 A CN 112618815A CN 202110002506 A CN202110002506 A CN 202110002506A CN 112618815 A CN112618815 A CN 112618815A
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negative pressure
sputum aspirator
joint
intensive care
care unit
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CN202110002506.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘庆益
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The invention relates to a nursing sputum aspirator for an intensive care unit, which comprises a sputum aspirator body, a negative pressure bottle, a liquid storage bottle, a three-way pipe and a manual negative pressure mechanism, wherein the liquid storage bottle is provided with a first joint and a second joint, the negative pressure bottle is provided with a third joint and a fourth joint, the first joint is connected with a sputum aspirator pipe, the second joint is connected with the third joint through a first vent pipe, the fourth joint is connected with one end of the three-way pipe through a second vent pipe, the other two ends of the three-way pipe are respectively connected with a negative pressure output end of the sputum aspirator body and a negative pressure output end of the manual negative pressure mechanism through the third vent pipe and a fourth vent pipe, the third vent pipe is provided with a first one-way valve, and the fourth vent pipe is provided with a second one-way valve. The invention has convenient operation, skillfully utilizes the first one-way valve and the second one-way valve, and can randomly switch the electric or manual mode at any time without closing the electric or manual negative pressure output end.

Description

Nursing sputum suction device for intensive care unit
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sputum suction nursing tools, in particular to a nursing sputum suction device for an intensive care unit.
Background
The ICU is an intensive care unit, provides isolation places and equipment for severe or coma patients, provides optimal care, and is targeted for monitoring and supply, is also called as a deep treatment department, and is a medical organization management form integrating modern medical care technology, which is developed along with the development of medical care professions, the birth of novel medical equipment and the improvement of hospital management systems.
Need use usually to inhale phlegm nursing device and come to accomplish the phlegm operation of inhaling to the patient in the intensive care unit, but current phlegm device of inhaling has electronic sputum aspirator and manual sputum aspirator, with the phlegm device of inhaling that electronic sputum aspirator and manual sputum aspirator combined together, can be used for when electronic sputum aspirator breaks down, the manual phlegm mode of inhaling of conversion is temporarily inhaled the phlegm and is used, current electronic, the sputum aspirator structure that manual combined together is complicated, need close electronic or manual negative pressure end, troublesome poeration.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a nursing sputum suction device for an intensive care unit, which is convenient to operate, skillfully utilizes a first one-way valve and a second one-way valve, and can randomly switch an electric mode or a manual mode at any time without closing an electric or manual negative pressure output end.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme.
The utility model provides an intensive care unit inhales phlegm device with nursing, includes sputum aspirator body, negative pressure bottle, stock solution bottle, its characterized in that still includes three-way pipe, manual negative pressure mechanism, be equipped with first joint and second joint on the stock solution bottle, be equipped with third joint and fourth joint on the negative pressure bottle, the phlegm pipe is inhaled in first articulate, the second joint is connected with the third joint through first breather pipe, the fourth joint is connected with the one end of three-way pipe through the second breather pipe, the other both ends of three-way pipe are connected with the negative pressure output of sputum aspirator body and the negative pressure output of manual negative pressure mechanism through third breather pipe and fourth breather pipe respectively, be provided with first check valve on the third breather pipe, be provided with the second check valve on the fourth breather pipe, manual negative pressure mechanism sets up the one side at the sputum aspirator body.
Preferably, the first one-way valve is arranged at one end close to the three-way pipe.
Preferably, the second one-way valve is arranged close to the negative pressure output end of the manual negative pressure mechanism.
Preferably, the third vent pipe is further provided with a first stop valve.
Preferably, the fourth air pipe is further provided with a second stop valve.
Preferably, the manual negative pressure mechanism comprises a negative pressure cylinder, a pulling rod and a pulling ring, the lower end of the pulling rod is connected with a piston in the negative pressure cylinder, the pulling ring is connected with the upper end of the pulling rod, a third one-way valve is further arranged on the negative pressure cylinder, and the third one-way valve is communicated with the outside air.
Preferably, the lower part of the outer wall of the negative pressure cylinder is provided with a limiting ring, a containing cylinder is arranged on the side wall of the sputum aspirator body, the negative pressure cylinder penetrates through the containing cylinder from top to bottom and is limited by the limiting ring to enable the middle part of the negative pressure cylinder to be placed in the containing cylinder, and the pull ring penetrates out of the lower part of the containing cylinder and is located below the containing cylinder.
Preferably, the bottom of the negative pressure cylinder is provided with a pedal block.
Preferably, the sputum aspirator body is further provided with a clamping hook matched with the pedal block.
Preferably, a barrel base is fixed to the side face of the sputum aspirator body, and the bottom of the negative pressure barrel is rotatably connected with the barrel base.
Preferably, the first vent pipe, the second vent pipe, the third vent pipe and the fourth vent pipe are flexible pipes.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: the invention has simple structure and convenient operation, skillfully utilizes the first one-way valve and the second one-way valve, and can randomly switch the electric or manual mode at any time without closing the electric or manual negative pressure output end; the invention is also provided with a first stop valve and a second stop valve for emergency use when the one-way valve is damaged and leaks; the negative pressure cylinder is inverted, the pull ring is positioned below the negative pressure cylinder, the foot can be used for treading the pull ring to replace the hand to pull the pull ring, two hands are vacated for sputum suction operation, and only one nursing staff can finish the sputum suction operation.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a manual vacuum mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. the sputum aspirator comprises a sputum aspirator body, a negative pressure bottle, a sputum storage bottle, a three-way pipe, a 5 manual negative pressure mechanism, a 6 first joint, a 7 second joint, a 8 third joint, a 9 fourth joint, a 10 sputum suction pipe, a 11 first vent pipe, a 12 second vent pipe, a 13 third vent pipe, a 14 fourth vent pipe, a 15 first check valve, a 16 second check valve, a 17 first stop valve, a 18 second stop valve, a 19 third check valve, a 20 limiting ring, a 21 storage barrel, a 22 clamping hook, a 23 barrel base;
501. the device comprises a negative pressure cylinder 502, a pull rod 503, a pull ring 504 and a pedal block.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following drawings and specific examples, which are not intended to be limiting.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a nursing sputum aspirator for intensive care unit comprises a sputum aspirator body 1, a negative pressure bottle 2, a liquid storage bottle 3, and is characterized by further comprising a three-way pipe 4 and a manual negative pressure mechanism 5, wherein the liquid storage bottle 3 is provided with a first joint 6 and a second joint 7, the negative pressure bottle 2 is provided with a third joint 8 and a fourth joint 9, the first joint 6 is connected with a sputum aspirator pipe 10, the second joint 7 is connected with the third joint 8 through a first vent pipe 11, the fourth joint 9 is connected with one end of the three-way pipe 4 through a second vent pipe 12, the other two ends of the three-way pipe 4 are respectively connected with the negative pressure output end of the sputum aspirator body 1 and the negative pressure output end of the manual negative pressure mechanism 5 through a third vent pipe 13 and a fourth vent pipe 14, the third vent pipe 13 is provided with a first one-way valve 15, the fourth vent pipe 14 is provided with a second one-way valve 16, the manual negative pressure mechanism 5 is arranged on one side of the sputum aspirator body 1. The first one-way valve 15 enables the gas to be communicated in one way from the negative pressure bottle 2 to the sputum aspirator body 1, and the second one-way valve 16 enables the gas to be communicated in one way from the negative pressure bottle 2 to the manual negative pressure mechanism 5; when the sputum aspirator body 1 is used for negative pressure operation, the first one-way valve 15 is opened, and the second one-way valve 16 is closed; when the negative pressure operation is performed using the manual negative pressure mechanism 5, the first check valve 15 is closed, and the second check valve 16 is opened. The three-way pipe 4 is arranged, a joint on the negative pressure bottle 2 is omitted, and the three-way pipe 4 is omitted, so that the joint is added on the negative pressure bottle 2, the sputum aspirator body 1 and the manual negative pressure mechanism 5 are respectively communicated with the negative pressure bottle 2, and the effect of the three-way pipe is equal to that of the three-way pipe.
As a further preferred embodiment, said first one-way valve 15 is arranged near one end of the tee 4.
As a further preferred embodiment, the second one-way valve 16 is arranged close to the negative pressure output end of the manual negative pressure mechanism 5.
In a further preferred embodiment, the third vent pipe 13 is further provided with a first stop valve 17.
In a more preferred embodiment, the fourth air pipe 14 is further provided with a second shut-off valve 18.
As a further preferable embodiment, the manual negative pressure mechanism 5 includes a negative pressure cylinder 501, a pulling rod 502, and a pulling ring 503, the lower end of the pulling rod 502 is connected to a piston in the negative pressure cylinder 501, the upper end of the pulling rod 502 is connected to the pulling ring 503, a third one-way valve 19 is further disposed on the negative pressure cylinder 501, and the third one-way valve 19 is communicated with the outside air.
As a further preferable embodiment, a limiting ring 20 is arranged at the lower part of the outer wall of the negative pressure cylinder 501, a storage cylinder 21 is arranged on the side wall of the sputum aspirator body 1, the negative pressure cylinder 501 passes through the storage cylinder 21 from top to bottom in an inverted manner and is limited by the limiting ring 20, so that the middle part of the negative pressure cylinder 501 is placed in the storage cylinder 21, and the pull ring 503 passes through the storage cylinder 21 and is located below the storage cylinder 21. The negative pressure cylinder 501 is inverted, the pull ring 503 is positioned below, the user can use the foot to tread the pull ring 503 instead of pulling the pull ring 503, hands are vacated for sputum suction operation, and only one nursing staff can finish the sputum suction operation.
As a further preferred embodiment, the bottom of the negative pressure cylinder 501 is provided with a foot block 504. This arrangement allows the manual vacuum mechanism 5 to be directly removed and placed on the ground, and the pull ring 503 to be pulled by hand.
In a further preferred embodiment, the sputum aspirator body 1 is further provided with a hook 22 engaged with the pedal block 504. In this arrangement, the manual vacuum mechanism 5 can be removed, the pedal block 504 can be locked in the hook 22, and the pull ring 503 can be pulled by hand.
As a further preferred embodiment, a barrel base 23 is fixed on the side of the sputum aspirator body 1, and the bottom of the negative pressure barrel 501 is rotatably connected with the barrel base 23. The pull-tab 503 may be operated by foot or by hand, and the pull-tab 503 may be pulled upward or may be pulled transversely to the pull-tab 503.
In a further preferred embodiment, the first vent pipe 11, the second vent pipe 12, the third vent pipe 13, and the fourth vent pipe 14 are flexible pipes.
When the sputum aspirator is used, the sputum aspirator tube 10 is placed in the mouth of a patient to aspirate sputum, the sputum aspirator body 1 provides negative pressure through the matching of the sputum aspirator body 1, the negative pressure bottle 2, the first one-way valve 15 and the second one-way valve 16, and the insides of the negative pressure bottle 2 and the liquid storage bottle 3 are in a negative pressure state, so that the sputum aspiration operation of the patient is facilitated; when sputum aspirator body 1 broke down, through the cooperation of manual negative pressure mechanism 5, negative pressure bottle 2, first check valve 15, second check valve 16, directly trample pull ring 503 and can make negative pressure bottle 2 and 3 inside negative pressure states that are in of stock solution bottle, be convenient for inhale the phlegm operation to the patient, trample pull ring 503's mode and can also vacate the both hands and inhale the phlegm operation, and a nursing staff just can accomplish the operation.
While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The nursing sputum suction device for the intensive care unit comprises a sputum aspirator body (1), a negative pressure bottle (2), a liquid storage bottle (3) and is characterized by further comprising a three-way pipe (4) and a manual negative pressure mechanism (5), wherein the liquid storage bottle (3) is provided with a first joint (6) and a second joint (7), the negative pressure bottle (2) is provided with a third joint (8) and a fourth joint (9), the first joint (6) is connected with a sputum suction pipe (10), the second joint (7) is connected with the third joint (8) through a first vent pipe (11), the fourth joint (9) is connected with one end of the three-way pipe (4) through a second vent pipe (12), the other two ends of the three-way pipe (4) are respectively connected with the negative pressure output end of the sputum aspirator body (1) and the negative pressure output end of the manual negative pressure mechanism (5) through a third vent pipe (13) and a fourth vent pipe (14), the sputum aspirator is characterized in that a first one-way valve (15) is arranged on the third vent pipe (13), a second one-way valve (16) is arranged on the fourth vent pipe (14), and the manual negative pressure mechanism (5) is arranged on one side of the sputum aspirator body (1).
2. The intensive care unit nursing sputum aspirator of claim 1, wherein the first one-way valve (15) is disposed near one end of the tee (4).
3. The intensive care unit nursing sputum aspirator of claim 1, wherein the second one-way valve (16) is disposed near the negative pressure output end of the manual negative pressure mechanism (5).
4. The nursing sputum aspirator for intensive care unit according to claim 1, wherein the third ventilation tube (13) is further provided with a first stop valve (17).
5. The nursing sputum aspirator for intensive care unit according to claim 1, wherein the fourth vent pipe (14) is further provided with a second stop valve (18).
6. The nursing sputum aspirator for the intensive care unit according to claim 1, wherein the manual negative pressure mechanism (5) comprises a negative pressure cylinder (501), a drawing rod (502) and a pull ring (503), the lower end of the drawing rod (502) is connected with a piston in the negative pressure cylinder (501), the pull ring (503) is connected with the upper end of the drawing rod (502), a third one-way valve (19) is further arranged on the negative pressure cylinder (501), and the third one-way valve (19) is communicated with the outside air.
7. The intensive care unit is with nursing phlegm suction device of claim 6, characterized in that, the lower part of the outer wall of negative pressure section of thick bamboo (501) is provided with spacing ring (20), be provided with storage cylinder (21) on the lateral wall of sputum aspirator body (1), negative pressure section of thick bamboo (501) is invertd from the top down and is passed storage cylinder (21) and place the middle part of negative pressure section of thick bamboo (501) in storage cylinder (21) by the restriction of spacing ring (20), pull ring (503) are worn out storage cylinder (21) and are located the below of storage cylinder (21).
8. The nursing sputum aspirator for the intensive care unit according to claim 7, wherein a foot pedal (504) is provided at the bottom of the negative pressure cylinder (501).
9. The nursing sputum aspirator for the intensive care unit according to claim 8, wherein the sputum aspirator body (1) is further provided with a hook (22) engaged with the pedal block (504).
10. The nursing sputum aspirator for the intensive care unit according to claim 6, wherein a barrel base (23) is fixed to a side surface of the sputum aspirator body (1), and the bottom of the negative pressure barrel (501) is rotatably connected with the barrel base (23).
CN202110002506.6A 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 Nursing sputum suction device for intensive care unit Pending CN112618815A (en)

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CN202110002506.6A CN112618815A (en) 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 Nursing sputum suction device for intensive care unit

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110002506.6A CN112618815A (en) 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 Nursing sputum suction device for intensive care unit

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CN112618815A true CN112618815A (en) 2021-04-09

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113101479A (en) * 2021-04-15 2021-07-13 首都医科大学附属北京潞河医院 Portable neonate breathes auxiliary system

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2031682U (en) * 1988-05-24 1989-02-01 翟恩林 Portable pedal medical suction apparatus
WO2008136176A1 (en) * 2007-04-20 2008-11-13 Shiro Hinami Sputum suction apparatus
CN205948104U (en) * 2016-06-27 2017-02-15 江苏省苏北人民医院 Full -automatic medical sputum aspirator
CN106975111A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-25 杨继芳 A kind of multi-functional nursing section sputum aspirator
CN210158989U (en) * 2019-05-10 2020-03-20 田瑶瑶 Pedal type sputum aspirator
CN111150914A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-05-15 中南大学湘雅医院 Respiratory support airway clearing device for critical medicine department
CN210673883U (en) * 2019-06-26 2020-06-05 中国人民解放军总医院 Medical pedal type sputum aspirator
CN211327235U (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-08-25 徐继瑞 ICU intensive care unit is with nursing phlegm suction device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2031682U (en) * 1988-05-24 1989-02-01 翟恩林 Portable pedal medical suction apparatus
WO2008136176A1 (en) * 2007-04-20 2008-11-13 Shiro Hinami Sputum suction apparatus
CN205948104U (en) * 2016-06-27 2017-02-15 江苏省苏北人民医院 Full -automatic medical sputum aspirator
CN106975111A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-25 杨继芳 A kind of multi-functional nursing section sputum aspirator
CN210158989U (en) * 2019-05-10 2020-03-20 田瑶瑶 Pedal type sputum aspirator
CN210673883U (en) * 2019-06-26 2020-06-05 中国人民解放军总医院 Medical pedal type sputum aspirator
CN211327235U (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-08-25 徐继瑞 ICU intensive care unit is with nursing phlegm suction device
CN111150914A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-05-15 中南大学湘雅医院 Respiratory support airway clearing device for critical medicine department

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113101479A (en) * 2021-04-15 2021-07-13 首都医科大学附属北京潞河医院 Portable neonate breathes auxiliary system

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