CN112452707A - Kiwi fruit pollen separator - Google Patents

Kiwi fruit pollen separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112452707A
CN112452707A CN202011417470.XA CN202011417470A CN112452707A CN 112452707 A CN112452707 A CN 112452707A CN 202011417470 A CN202011417470 A CN 202011417470A CN 112452707 A CN112452707 A CN 112452707A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
separator box
gear
pollen
separator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011417470.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵朝林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Fuling Fenfa Agricultural Development Co ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Fuling Fenfa Agricultural Development Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Fuling Fenfa Agricultural Development Co ltd filed Critical Chongqing Fuling Fenfa Agricultural Development Co ltd
Priority to CN202011417470.XA priority Critical patent/CN112452707A/en
Publication of CN112452707A publication Critical patent/CN112452707A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/22Revolving drums
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kiwi fruit pollen separation device, and relates to the technical field of pollen treatment. This kiwi fruit pollen separator, including first separator box, the bottom fixed mounting of first separator box has the second separator box, and the inside of first separator box is provided with slewing mechanism, and the inside of second separator box is provided with beats the mechanism, and one side outer wall fixed mounting of first separator box has first discharging pipe. This kiwi fruit pollen separator, through first umbelliform gear, hollow dwang, the second umbelliform gear, the cam, the connecting plate, filter screen and hot-blast main cooperation are used, carry out secondary separation processing to kiwi fruit flower and pollen, prevent that the kiwi fruit flower is at the disengaging process, the collision extrusion, thereby make the kiwi fruit flower moisture appear, thereby make pollen adhere to the surface at the kiwi fruit, the effect of device to the separation of kiwi fruit pollen has been improved greatly, prevent the waste of resource, the separation cost has indirectly been reduced, the efficiency of device is increased.

Description

Kiwi fruit pollen separator
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of pollen treatment, in particular to a kiwi pollen separating device.
Background
The kiwi fruit belongs to the hermaphrodite plant, can fully fruit by depending on good pollination outside, and in the fruit tree cultivation practice, pollination is a key link for fruit tree fruiting, and the fruit with good pollination has good shape, high yield and good quality.
Kiwi fruit pollen is through the kiwi fruit flower through procedures such as separation, drying, and traditional kiwi fruit pollen separator is in the use, and partial kiwi fruit pollen separator exists the kiwi fruit flower in the disengaging process, and high-speed the rotation can extrude the collision to can appear kiwi fruit flower surface and can extrude moisture, thereby make pollen adhere to on the surface of flower, thereby lead to the separation effect to descend, the inefficiency of separation.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a kiwi pollen separating device, which solves at least one problem in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a kiwi fruit pollen separator, including first separator box, the bottom fixed mounting of first separator box has the second separator box, the inside of first separator box is provided with slewing mechanism, the inside of second separator box is provided with beats the mechanism, one side outer wall fixed mounting of first separator box has first discharging pipe, the bottom fixed mounting of second separator box has the second discharging pipe, one side outer wall fixed mounting of second separator box has the scum pipe, be provided with the valve on the scum pipe, the equal fixed mounting in both sides outer wall of first separator box and the bottom of second separator box has the supporting leg.
Preferably, the rotating mechanism comprises a motor fixing plate, a motor and a rotating rod, first gear, hollow rotation cylinder, second gear and feeder hopper, one side outer wall fixed mounting motor fixed plate of first separator box, the top fixed mounting of motor fixed plate has the motor, the bottom of motor fixed plate is rotated and is installed the dwang, the output shaft of motor passes through shaft coupling and dwang fixed connection, the outer wall cover of dwang is equipped with first gear, the internal rotation of first separator box installs hollow rotation cylinder, hollow rotation cylinder outer wall cover is equipped with the second gear, first gear meshes with the second gear mutually, the top fixed mounting of first separator box has the feeder hopper, the lower extreme of feeder hopper communicates with each other with the inside of hollow rotation cylinder, the inboard top fixed mounting of second separator box has the passage, the one end of passage extends to the inside of first separator box and rotates the installation with the bottom of hollow rotation cylinder.
Preferably, the rapping mechanism includes first umbelliform gear, hollow dwang, second umbelliform gear, a cam, the connecting plate, filter screen cloth and hot-blast main, the outer wall cover of dwang is equipped with first umbelliform gear, hollow dwang is installed in the inside rotation of second separator box, the one end of hollow dwang extends second separator box and fixed mounting has the second umbelliform gear, second umbelliform gear meshes with first umbelliform gear mutually, the outer wall cover of hollow dwang is equipped with the cam, the vent has been seted up to the outer wall of hollow dwang, and vent department installs the gauze, two relative inside walls of second separator box fixed mounting has a connecting plate separately, the adjacent lateral wall fixed mounting of two connecting plates has filter screen cloth, the other end of hollow dwang stretches out the second separator box and rotates and installs the hot-blast main.
Preferably, the outer wall of one side of the first separating box is fixedly provided with a limiting ring, and the rotating rod penetrates through the limiting ring.
Preferably, two groups of material guide plates are fixedly mounted inside the second separation box and are respectively arranged on two sides of the second discharge pipe, and the included angle formed between the material guide plates and the inner bottom surface of the second separation box is 30-45 degrees.
Preferably, the bottom of the filter screen is fixedly provided with a protection pad, and the protection pad is positioned above the cam.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) this kiwi fruit pollen separator uses through the cooperation of motor fixed plate, motor, dwang, first gear, hollow rotation cylinder, second gear and feeder hopper, carries out high-speed centrifugal motion to the kiwi fruit flower to make pollen quickly separating, shortened the time of kiwi fruit pollen separation, improved the extraction efficiency of device greatly, increased the collection speed of kiwi fruit pollen, make the practicality of device improve greatly.
(2) This kiwi fruit pollen separator, through first umbelliform gear, hollow dwang, second umbelliform gear, the cam, the connecting plate, filter screen cloth and hot-blast main cooperation are used, carry out secondary separation processing to kiwi fruit flower and pollen, prevent that the kiwi fruit flower is at the disengaging process, the collision extrusion, thereby make the kiwi fruit flower moisture appear, thereby make pollen adhere to the surface at the kiwi fruit, the effect of device to the separation of kiwi fruit pollen has been improved greatly, prevent the waste of resource, the separation cost has indirectly been reduced, the efficiency of device is increased.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of part A of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a front view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 a first separation box, 2 a second separation box, 3 a rotating mechanism, 301 a motor fixing plate, 302 a motor, 303 a rotating rod, 304 a first gear, 305 a hollow rotating roller, 306 a second gear, 307 a feed hopper, 4 a beating mechanism, 401 a first umbrella-shaped gear, 402 a hollow rotating rod, 403 a second umbrella-shaped gear, 404 a cam, 405 a connecting plate, 406 a filtering screen, 407 a hot air pipe, 5 a limiting ring, 6 a material guiding plate, 7 a protecting pad, 8 a first discharging pipe, 9 a second discharging pipe, 10 a slag discharging pipe and 11 supporting legs.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a kiwi fruit pollen separator, includes first separator box 1, and the bottom fixed mounting of first separator box 1 has second separator box 2, and the inside of first separator box 1 is provided with slewing mechanism 3, and the inside of second separator box 2 is provided with beats mechanism 4. A first discharging pipe 8 is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of one side of the first separating box 1, one end of the first discharging pipe 8 is communicated with the inside of the first separating box 1, and a threaded cover is mounted at the other end of the first discharging pipe 8 in a threaded mode. The bottom of the second separation box 2 is fixedly provided with a second discharge pipe 9, one end of the second discharge pipe 9 is communicated with the inside of the second separation box 2, and the other end of the second discharge pipe 9 is provided with a threaded cover in a threaded manner. The outer wall of one side of the second separating box 2 is fixedly provided with a slag discharging pipe 10, one end of the slag discharging pipe 10 is communicated with the inside of the second separating box 2, and the slag discharging pipe 10 is provided with a valve. The outer walls of the two sides of the first separating box 1 and the bottom of the second separating box 2 are fixedly provided with supporting legs 11.
The rotating mechanism 3 includes a motor fixing plate 301, a motor 302, a rotating rod 303, a first gear 304, a hollow rotating drum 305, a second gear 306 and a feed hopper 307. The motor fixing plate 301 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of one side of the first separation box 1, the motor 302 is fixedly installed on the top of the motor fixing plate 301, the rotating rod 303 is rotatably installed on the bottom of the motor fixing plate 301, and the output shaft of the motor 302 is fixedly connected with the rotating rod 303 through a coupler. The outer wall cover of dwang 303 is equipped with first gear 304, and the inside rotation of first separator box 1 installs hollow rotating drum 305, and hollow rotating drum 305 outer wall cover is equipped with second gear 306, and first gear 304 meshes with second gear 306 mutually. A feed hopper 307 is fixedly installed at the top of the first separating box 1, and the lower end of the feed hopper 307 communicates with the inside of the hollow rotating drum 305. A material guide pipe is fixedly installed at the top of the inner side of the second separating box 2, one end of the material guide pipe extends into the first separating box 1 and is rotatably installed at the bottom end of the hollow rotating roller 305, and the material guide pipe is communicated with the inside of the hollow rotating roller 305.
Put into hollow rotating cylinder 305 through feeder hopper 307 with the kiwi fruit flower in, the start-up of motor 302 is controlled again, drive dwang 303 and rotate to drive first gear 304 and second gear 306 and rotate, drive hollow rotating cylinder 305 and rotate, carry out pollen separation processing for the first time to the kiwi fruit flower through high-speed rotation, thereby make pollen quickly separating, shortened the time of kiwi fruit pollen separation, improved the extraction efficiency of device greatly.
The tapping mechanism 4 comprises a first bevel gear 401, a hollow rotating rod 402, a second bevel gear 403, a cam 404, a connecting plate 405, a filter screen 406 and a hot air duct 407. The outer wall cover of dwang 303 is equipped with first umbelliform gear 401, and the inside rotation of second separator box 2 installs hollow dwang 402, and the one end of hollow dwang 402 stretches out second separator box 2 and fixed mounting has second umbelliform gear 403, and second umbelliform gear 403 meshes with first umbelliform gear 401 mutually. The outer wall cover of hollow dwang 402 is equipped with cam 404, and the vent has been seted up to the outer wall of hollow dwang 402, and the gauze is installed to vent department. Two opposite inner side walls of the second separation box 2 are respectively fixedly provided with a connecting plate 405, and the adjacent side walls of the two connecting plates 405 are fixedly provided with filter screens 406. The two connecting plates 405 are arranged in a high-low manner so that two sides of the filtering screen 406 are arranged in a high-low manner, and the slag discharging pipe 10 is located at the side of the lower side of the filtering screen 406. The other end of the hollow rotating rod 402 extends out of the second separation tank 2 and is rotatably provided with a hot air pipe 407, and the hot air pipe 407 is communicated with the inside of the hollow rotating rod 402.
On filter screen 406 was carried through the passage guide to the kiwi fruit flower of first pollen separation, the rotation of dwang 303 drove first umbelliform gear 401 and rotates, it rotates to drive second umbelliform gear 403, thereby it rotates to drive hollow dwang 402 and cam 404, beat filter screen 406, carry hollow dwang 402 through with hot-blast through hot-blast pipe 407, again dry the kiwi fruit flower on filter screen 406 through the opening on the hollow dwang 402, carry out the secondary separation processing to kiwi fruit flower and pollen, prevent that the kiwi fruit flower from in the course of separating, the collision extrusion, thereby moisture appears in making the kiwi fruit flower.
One side outer wall fixed mounting of first separator box 1 has spacing ring 5, and spacing ring 5 is worn to locate by dwang 303, prevents that dwang 303 from taking place the skew, improves the security of device. The inside fixed mounting of second separator box 2 has two sets of stock guides 6, and the both sides of second discharging pipe (9) are located in two sets of stock guides (6) branch, and the number of degrees of the contained angle that inboard bottom surface one-tenth of stock guides (6) and second separator box (2) is 30 degrees-45 degrees to make two sets of stock guides (6) be the V type and arrange, be convenient for carry the pollen of separation, be favorable to collecting.
The bottom of the filter screen 406 is fixedly provided with a protection pad 7, and the protection pad 7 is positioned above the cam 404, so that the service life of the filter screen is prolonged.
The working principle is as follows: put the kiwi fruit flower into hollow rotating drum 305 through feeder hopper 307, the start-up of motor 302 is controlled again, it rotates to drive dwang 303, thereby drive first gear 304 and second gear 306 and rotate, it rotates to drive hollow rotating drum 305, carry out first pollen separation processing to the kiwi fruit flower through high-speed rotation, then the kiwi fruit flower through first pollen separation passes through the passage of guide and carries on filtering screen 406, the rotation of dwang 303 drives first umbelliform gear 401 and rotates, it rotates to drive second umbelliform gear 403, thereby drive hollow dwang 402 and cam 404 and rotate, beat filtering screen 406, through with hot-blast in carrying hollow dwang 402 through hot-blast main 407, again dry the kiwi fruit flower on filtering screen 406 through the opening on the hollow dwang 402, thereby carry out second pollen separation processing to the kiwi fruit flower.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a kiwi fruit pollen separator, includes first separator box (1), its characterized in that: the utility model discloses a separation device, including first separator box (1), the bottom fixed mounting of first separator box (1) has second separator box (2), the inside of first separator box (1) is provided with slewing mechanism (3), the inside of second separator box (2) is provided with beats mechanism (4), one side outer wall fixed mounting of first separator box (1) has first discharging pipe (8), the bottom fixed mounting of second separator box (2) has second discharging pipe (9), one side outer wall fixed mounting of second separator box (2) has scum pipe (10), be provided with the valve on scum pipe (10), the equal fixed mounting in both sides outer wall of first separator box (1) and the bottom of second separator box (2) has supporting leg (11).
2. The kiwi pollen separating apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the rotating mechanism (3) comprises a motor fixing plate (301), a motor (302), a rotating rod (303), a first gear (304), a hollow rotating roller (305), a second gear (306) and a feed hopper (307), wherein the motor fixing plate (301) is fixedly installed on the outer wall of one side of the first separating box (1), the motor (302) is fixedly installed at the top of the motor fixing plate (301), the rotating rod (303) is rotatably installed at the bottom of the motor fixing plate (301), an output shaft of the motor (302) is fixedly connected with the rotating rod (303) through a coupler, the first gear (304) is sleeved on the outer wall of the rotating rod (303), the hollow rotating roller (305) is rotatably installed inside the first separating box (1), the second gear (306) is sleeved on the outer wall of the hollow rotating roller (305), the first gear (304) is meshed with the second gear (306), the feed hopper (307) is fixedly installed at the top of the first separating box, the lower end of the feed hopper (307) is communicated with the inside of the hollow rotating roller (305), the top of the inner side of the second separating box (2) is fixedly provided with a material guide pipe, and one end of the material guide pipe extends to the inside of the first separating box (1) and is rotatably arranged with the bottom end of the hollow rotating roller (305).
3. The kiwi pollen separating apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the rapping mechanism (4) comprises a first umbrella-shaped gear (401), a hollow rotating rod (402), a second umbrella-shaped gear (403), a cam (404), a connecting plate (405), a filtering screen (406) and a hot air pipe (407), the outer wall of the rotating rod (303) is sleeved with the first umbrella-shaped gear (401), the inner part of the second separation box (2) is rotatably provided with the hollow rotating rod (402), one end of the hollow rotating rod (402) extends out of the second separation box (2) and is fixedly provided with the second umbrella-shaped gear (403), the second umbrella-shaped gear (403) is meshed with the first umbrella-shaped gear (401), the outer wall of the hollow rotating rod (402) is sleeved with the cam (404), the outer wall of the hollow rotating rod (402) is provided with a vent, a gauze is arranged at the vent, two opposite inner side walls of the second separation box (2) are respectively and fixedly provided with the connecting plate (405), the adjacent side walls of the two connecting plates (405) are fixedly, the other end of the hollow rotating rod (402) extends out of the second separation box (2) and is rotatably provided with a hot air pipe (407).
4. The kiwi pollen separating apparatus of claim 3, wherein: one side outer wall fixed mounting of first separator box (1) has spacing ring (5), and spacing ring (5) are worn to locate by dwang (303).
5. The kiwi pollen separating apparatus of claim 4, wherein: two groups of material guide plates (6) are fixedly mounted inside the second separation box (2), the two groups of material guide plates (6) are respectively arranged on two sides of the second discharge pipe (9), and the degree of an included angle formed by the material guide plates (6) and the inner side bottom surface of the second separation box (2) is 30-45 degrees.
6. The kiwi pollen separating apparatus of claim 5, wherein: the bottom of the filter screen (406) is fixedly provided with a protection pad (7), and the protection pad (7) is positioned above the cam (404).
CN202011417470.XA 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Kiwi fruit pollen separator Pending CN112452707A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011417470.XA CN112452707A (en) 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Kiwi fruit pollen separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011417470.XA CN112452707A (en) 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Kiwi fruit pollen separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112452707A true CN112452707A (en) 2021-03-09

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ID=74801515

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011417470.XA Pending CN112452707A (en) 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Kiwi fruit pollen separator

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CN (1) CN112452707A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113499987A (en) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-15 重庆裕丰米业有限公司 Rice is intelligent separator that husky millet of grain is used in processing that becomes more meticulous to rice
CN113499991A (en) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-15 重庆裕丰米业有限公司 A remove stone device fast for intelligent meticulous processing of rice

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113499987A (en) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-15 重庆裕丰米业有限公司 Rice is intelligent separator that husky millet of grain is used in processing that becomes more meticulous to rice
CN113499991A (en) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-15 重庆裕丰米业有限公司 A remove stone device fast for intelligent meticulous processing of rice
CN113499987B (en) * 2021-07-07 2022-06-03 重庆裕丰米业有限公司 Rice is intelligent separator that husky millet of grain is used in processing that becomes more meticulous to rice

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