CN112374419A - Power transformer installation device for integrated automation system and use method thereof - Google Patents

Power transformer installation device for integrated automation system and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112374419A
CN112374419A CN202011368958.8A CN202011368958A CN112374419A CN 112374419 A CN112374419 A CN 112374419A CN 202011368958 A CN202011368958 A CN 202011368958A CN 112374419 A CN112374419 A CN 112374419A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power transformer
fixed
rod
gear
rack
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN202011368958.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王冬
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011368958.8A priority Critical patent/CN112374419A/en
Publication of CN112374419A publication Critical patent/CN112374419A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/10Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks
    • B66F7/12Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks by mechanical jacks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F3/00Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads
    • B66F3/02Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads with racks actuated by pinions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F3/00Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads
    • B66F3/44Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads with self-contained electric driving motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/28Constructional details, e.g. end stops, pivoting supporting members, sliding runners adjustable to load dimensions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F2700/00Lifting apparatus
    • B66F2700/03Lifting jacks with pinion and rack

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of power equipment, in particular to a power transformer mounting device for an integrated automation system and a using method thereof. The power transformer installation device for the comprehensive automation system and the use method thereof realize ascending or descending of the power transformer, thereby greatly reducing the installation difficulty of the power transformer, facilitating maintenance, saving time and labor, and improving the operation efficiency and safety.

Description

Power transformer installation device for integrated automation system and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of power equipment, in particular to a power transformer installation device for a comprehensive automation system and a use method thereof.
Background
When a power transformer in the existing integrated automation system is installed, an electric pole needs to be erected on the bottom surface, a supporting platform is fixed on the electric pole, and then the power transformer is hoisted on the supporting platform by utilizing hoisting equipment, so that the installation mode is complicated, a large amount of manpower and material resources are consumed, and the operation efficiency is low; because power transformer adopts fixed mounting means, consequently need the electric power workman to climb and operate on supporting platform when maintaining the maintenance, waste time and energy, work efficiency is lower, when carrying out power transformer's change, needs to dismantle old power transformer from supporting platform, then installs the new power transformer of replacement on supporting platform, and intensity of labour is big.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to a power transformer installation apparatus for an integrated automation system and a method for using the same, which solve the problems of the related art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the power transformer installation device for the integrated automation system comprises a fixed seat, wherein a vertical rod is vertically and fixedly arranged on the fixed seat, a lifting mechanism used for installing the power transformer is arranged on the vertical rod, a driving mechanism is arranged on the lifting mechanism and can be in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism, the driving mechanism is used for driving the lifting mechanism to drive the power transformer to lift up or fall down, a clamping mechanism used for fixing the power transformer is arranged on the lifting mechanism, and the clamping mechanism can be in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism.
Preferably, elevating system is including cup jointing the sliding sleeve in the pole setting outside, and the sliding sleeve can slide from top to bottom in the pole setting, has seted up the breach on the lateral wall of sliding sleeve, and the both ends of breach all are fixed with flange, two the mutual parallel arrangement of flange is fixed with rack one on the lateral wall of pole setting, and rack one parallels with the central axis of pole setting, and rack one is located breach department, two the dead axle rotates between the flange and is connected with gear one, and gear one is connected with the meshing of rack one, and the lower extreme fixedly connected with rack two of rack one, rack two and rack one are parallel arrangement each other, and leave the interval between rack two and the rack one.
Preferably, a support frame is fixed on the convex plate, a lifting platform used for installing a power transformer is fixed at the upper end of the support frame, the lifting platform is horizontally arranged, a clamping mechanism and a driving mechanism are arranged on the lifting platform, the driving mechanism can be in transmission connection with the gear, and the clamping mechanism can be in transmission connection with the rack II.
Preferably, be fixed with the balladeur train on the lateral wall of sliding sleeve, the dead axle rotates on the balladeur train and is connected with the screw rod, and the bottom sliding connection of balladeur train has the slider, slider and screw rod threaded connection, is fixed with the inserted bar on the slider, and screw rod and inserted bar are parallel to each other, and the central axis of the equal perpendicular to pole setting of screw rod and inserted bar, and the one end and the two transmission of motor of screw rod are connected, and motor two is fixed on the balladeur train, and the inserted bar can run through the lateral wall of sliding sleeve and plug.
Preferably, the driving mechanism comprises a first worm which is rotationally connected to the supporting frame through a fixed shaft, the first worm is located on the upper side of the first gear and is meshed with the first gear, a first polygonal rod is coaxially fixed to one end of the first worm, a first motor is fixed to the bottom surface of the lifting platform, a second polygonal rod is fixedly connected to an output shaft end of the first motor, the second polygonal rod and the first polygonal rod are identical in structure and share the central axis, and the first polygonal rod and the second polygonal rod can be in transmission connection.
Preferably, the driving mechanism further comprises an air cylinder fixed on the support frame, the air cylinder and the first worm are arranged in parallel, the end of a piston rod of the air cylinder is perpendicular to and fixedly connected with a shifting lever, the shifting lever is far away from one end of the piston rod and is fixedly connected with a ring sleeve, a sleeve is inserted into the ring sleeve and can rotate around a rotating shaft in the ring sleeve, two limiting rings are fixed on the outer side wall of the sleeve and are sleeved between the two limiting rings, two ends of the sleeve can be respectively sleeved on the second polygon rod and the first polygon rod, and the sleeve can slide on the second polygon rod and the first polygon rod.
Preferably, the clamping mechanism comprises a gear ring which is rotatably connected to the bottom surface of the lifting platform after the fixed shaft is fixed, a hanging rod is fixed to the bottom surface of the lifting platform and located on the outer side of the gear ring, the fixed shaft is rotatably connected to a first rotating shaft on the hanging rod, a fourth gear and a second worm are fixed to one end of the first rotating shaft, the fourth gear can be meshed with the second rack, and the second worm is meshed with the outer side wall teeth of the gear ring.
Preferably, the inner side of the gear ring is provided with two gears, the two gears are arranged at equal intervals along the circumference of the gear ring, the two gears are meshed with teeth on the inner side wall of the gear ring, a second rotating shaft is fixed at the center of the second gear, one end, far away from the second gear, of the second rotating shaft penetrates through the lifting platform and is located on the upper side of the lifting platform, the second rotating shaft can rotate on the lifting platform in a fixed shaft mode, and a third gear is fixed at the upper end of the second gear.
Preferably, a guide sleeve corresponding to the three phases of the gear is fixed on the upper surface of the lifting platform, a third rack is connected to the guide sleeve in a sliding mode, a clamping block is fixed at one end, pointing to the center of the gear ring, of the third rack, the clamping block is in an inverted L shape, and the inner right angle of the clamping block can be in abutting-buckling contact with a protrusion fixed on the bottom edge of the power transformer.
The use method of the power transformer installation device for the integrated automation system comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the driving mechanism drives the lifting mechanism to drive the power transformer to ascend or descend on the upright stanchion;
step two: the lifting mechanism drives the power transformer to ascend on the vertical rod, and the clamping mechanism is driven to automatically fix the power transformer;
step three: the lifting mechanism drives the power transformer to descend on the vertical rod, and the clamping mechanism is driven to automatically loosen the power transformer.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, the lifting mechanism is driven by the driving mechanism to drive the power transformer to ascend or descend on the vertical rod, so that the power transformer is installed on the ground, high-altitude hoisting is not needed, time and labor are saved, the operation safety is improved, and the height of the power transformer is conveniently adjusted, so that the installation difficulty of the power transformer is greatly reduced, the height of the power transformer can be reduced, an electric worker is not needed to climb the vertical rod, time and labor are saved, the labor intensity is reduced, the working efficiency is improved, the operation is carried out on the ground, and the operation safety is improved;
according to the invention, the lifting mechanism drives the power transformer to ascend on the vertical rod, the clamping mechanism is driven to automatically fix the power transformer, so that the installation stability of the power transformer on the lifting platform is ensured, the power transformer is kept not to shake when the lifting platform drives the power transformer to ascend, the installation operation safety of the power transformer is improved, the power transformer is automatically fixed, no human intervention is needed, and the labor intensity is reduced; the lifting mechanism drives the power transformer to descend on the vertical rod, the clamping mechanism is driven to automatically loosen the power transformer, so that the power transformer can be taken down from the lifting platform, and the lifting mechanism is simple, convenient, safe and reliable to operate.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic view of an assembly structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second schematic view of the final assembly structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the sliding sleeve and raised plate structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the lift platform structure of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a bottom view of the ring gear structure of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a fixed seat; 2. erecting a rod; 3. a first rack; 4. a second rack; 5. a first motor; 6. a first rotating shaft; 7. a fourth gear; 8. a lifting platform; 9. a guide sleeve; 10. a ring gear; 11. a clamping block; 12. a third gear; 13. a third rack; 14. a support frame; 15. a cylinder; 16. a sliding sleeve; 17. a second motor; 18. a carriage; 19. a screw; 20. a slider; 21. inserting a rod; 22. a jack; 23. a convex plate; 24. a first gear; 25. a first worm; 26. a second rotating shaft; 27. a second gear; 28. a boom; 29. a second worm; 30. a deflector rod; 31. a first polygonal rod; 32. a second polygonal rod; 33. a sleeve; 34. sleeving a ring; 35. a limit ring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides a technical solution: the power transformer installation device for the integrated automation system and the use method thereof comprise a fixed seat 1, wherein a vertical rod 2 is vertically fixed on the fixed seat 1, a lifting mechanism used for installing the power transformer is arranged on the vertical rod 2, a driving mechanism is arranged on the lifting mechanism and can be in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism, the driving mechanism is used for driving the lifting mechanism to drive the power transformer to ascend or descend, a clamping mechanism used for fixing the power transformer is arranged on the lifting mechanism, and the clamping mechanism can be in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, and fig. 3, the lifting mechanism includes a sliding sleeve 16 sleeved outside the vertical rod 2, and the sliding sleeve 16 can slide up and down on the vertical rod 2, a notch is formed in a side wall of the sliding sleeve 16, and both ends of the notch are fixed with protruding plates 23, two protruding plates 23 are arranged in parallel to each other, a first rack 3 is fixed on the side wall of the vertical rod 2, the first rack 3 is parallel to a central axis of the vertical rod 2, and the first rack 3 is located at the notch, a first gear 24 is rotatably connected between the two protruding plates 23 in a fixed-axis manner, the first gear 24 is meshed with the first rack 3, a second rack 4 is fixedly connected to a lower end of the first rack 3, the second rack 4 is arranged in parallel to the first rack 3, and a gap is left between the second rack 4 and.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, a support frame 14 is fixed on the convex plate 23, an elevating platform 8 for installing a power transformer is fixed at the upper end of the support frame 14, the elevating platform 8 is horizontally arranged, a clamping mechanism and a driving mechanism are arranged on the elevating platform 8, the driving mechanism can be in transmission connection with the first gear 24, and the clamping mechanism can be in transmission connection with the second rack 4.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2, and 3, a sliding frame 18 is fixed on an outer side wall of the sliding sleeve 16, a screw rod 19 is connected to the sliding frame 18 in a fixed-axis rotating manner, a sliding block 20 is connected to a bottom of the sliding frame 18 in a sliding manner, the sliding block 20 is in threaded connection with the screw rod 19, an insertion rod 21 is fixed on the sliding block 20, the screw rod 19 and the insertion rod 21 are parallel to each other, the screw rod 19 and the insertion rod 21 are both perpendicular to a central axis of the vertical rod 2, one end of the screw rod 19 is in transmission connection with a second motor 17, the second motor 17 is fixed on the sliding frame 18, and the insertion rod 21 can penetrate through a side wall.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 4, the driving mechanism includes a first worm 25 rotationally connected to the support frame 14 through a fixed shaft, the first worm 25 is located on the upper side of the first gear 24, the first worm 25 is meshed with the first gear 24, a first polygonal rod 31 is coaxially fixed to one end of the first worm 25, a first motor 5 is fixed to the bottom surface of the lifting platform 8, a second polygonal rod 32 is fixedly connected to an output shaft end of the first motor 5, the second polygonal rod 32 and the first polygonal rod 31 have the same structure and share the central axis, and the first polygonal rod 31 and the second polygonal rod 32 are in transmission connection.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the driving mechanism further includes an air cylinder 15 fixed on the supporting frame 14, the air cylinder 15 and the first worm 25 are arranged in parallel, a piston rod end of the air cylinder 15 is perpendicular and fixedly connected to the shift lever 30, one end of the shift lever 30 away from the piston rod is fixedly connected to the ring sleeve 34, a sleeve 33 is inserted into the ring sleeve 34, the sleeve 33 can rotate in the ring sleeve 34 in a rotating manner, two limit rings 35 are fixed on an outer side wall of the sleeve 33, the ring sleeve 34 is located between the two limit rings 35, two ends of the sleeve 33 can be respectively sleeved on the second multi-edge rod 32 and the first multi-edge rod 31, and the sleeve 33 can slide on the second multi-edge rod 32 and the first multi-edge rod 31.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 6, the clamping mechanism includes a gear ring 10 rotatably connected to the bottom surface of the lifting platform 8 after being fixed to the shaft, a suspension rod 28 is fixed to the bottom surface of the lifting platform 8, the suspension rod 28 is located outside the gear ring 10, a first rotating shaft 6 is rotatably connected to the suspension rod 28 after being fixed to the shaft, a fourth gear 7 and a second worm 29 are fixed to one end of the first rotating shaft 6, the fourth gear 7 can be connected to the second rack 4 in a meshing manner, and the second worm 29 is connected to the outer side wall teeth of the gear ring 10 in a meshing manner.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 5, and fig. 6, four second gears 27 are disposed inside the gear ring 10, the four second gears 27 are disposed at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the gear ring 10, the second gears 27 are engaged with teeth on the inner side wall of the gear ring 10, a second rotating shaft 26 is fixed at the center of the second gears 27, one end of the second rotating shaft 26, which is far away from the second gears 27, penetrates through the lifting table 8 and is located on the upper side of the lifting table 8, the second rotating shaft 26 can rotate on the lifting table 8 in a fixed-axis manner, and a third gear 12 is fixed at the upper end of the second gears 27.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, and fig. 5, a guide sleeve 9 corresponding to a third gear 12 is fixed on the upper surface of the lifting table 8, a third rack 13 is slidably connected to the guide sleeve 9, a fixture block 11 is fixed at one end of the third rack 13, which points to the center of the ring gear 10, the fixture block 11 is in an inverted L shape, and an inner right angle of the fixture block 11 can be in abutting contact with a protrusion fixed on the bottom edge of the power transformer.
The use method and the advantages of the invention are as follows: when the power transformer installation device for the integrated automation system is used, the working process is as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the power transformer is placed on the lifting platform 8, and the power transformer is located between each clamping block 11, then the second motor 17 is powered on, so that the second motor 17 drives the screw rod 19 to rotate, so that the screw rod 19 drives the slider 20 to move in a direction away from the sliding sleeve 16 under the action of screw transmission, so that the slider 20 drives the insertion rod 21 to separate from the corresponding insertion hole 22, thereby unlocking the sliding sleeve 16 from the upright rod 2, and powering on the cylinder 15, as shown in fig. 4, the cylinder 15 drives the shift rod 30 and the ring sleeve 34 to approach the first motor 5 by extending its piston rod, so that the ring sleeve 34 drives the sleeve 33 to sleeve on the second multi-edge rod 32, so that the sleeve 33 can be connected with the first multi-edge rod 31 and the second multi-edge rod 32 simultaneously, so that the second multi-edge rod 32 can drive the first multi-edge rod 31 to rotate through the sleeve 33, and finally the first motor 5 is powered on, after the first motor 5 is powered on, the second polygon bar 32 is driven to rotate, the second polygon bar 32 drives the first polygon bar 31 to rotate through the sleeve 33, so that the first polygon bar 31 synchronously drives the first worm 25 to rotate, the first worm 25 rotates to drive the first gear 24 to rotate anticlockwise, the first gear 24 drives the convex plate 23 and the sliding sleeve 16 to move upwards along the upright rod 2 under the tooth transmission action of the first gear 24 and the first rack 3, the convex plate 23 synchronously drives the support frame 14 and the lifting platform 8 to move upwards, the lifting platform 8 drives the power transformer to ascend, when the lifting platform 8 drives the power transformer to ascend to a set position of the upright rod 2, the first motor 5 is powered off, the piston rod of the first motor is contracted through the air cylinder 15 to drive the shift lever 30 and the ring sleeve 34 to be far away from the first motor 5, the ring sleeve 34 drives the sleeve 33 to be separated from the second polygon bar 32, and the first motor 5 cannot drive the first polygon bar 31 to rotate, because the first gear 24 and the first worm 25 have axial self-locking characteristics, after the first worm 25 stops rotating, the first gear 24 cannot actively rotate, so that the sliding sleeve 16 is kept fixed on the upright rod 2 under the meshing action of the first gear 24 and the first rack 3, the power transformer is installed on the ground without high-altitude hoisting, time and labor are saved, the operation safety is improved, the height of the power transformer is conveniently adjusted, the installation difficulty of the power transformer is greatly reduced, after the power transformer is raised to a set height, the second motor 17 is started to drive the screw rod 19 to reversely work, the screw rod 19 drives the sliding block 20 to be close to the sliding sleeve 16 through thread transmission, the sliding block 20 drives the inserted rod 21 to be inserted into the corresponding insertion hole 22 on the upright rod 2, and the matching use of the inserted rod 21 and the insertion hole 22 is enabled to increase the fixing strength and the stability of the sliding sleeve 16 on the upright rod 2, thereby ensuring the use safety of the power transformer;
when the power transformer needs to be repaired, maintained or replaced, firstly, the second motor 17 is powered on, the second motor 17 drives the screw rod 19 to rotate, the screw rod 19 drives the sliding block 20 to move in the direction away from the sliding sleeve 16 under the action of screw transmission, so that the sliding block 20 drives the inserted rod 21 to be separated from the corresponding inserting hole 22, the locking between the sliding sleeve 16 and the upright rod 2 is released, the sliding sleeve 16 can smoothly descend from the upright rod 2, and the cylinder 15 is powered on, as shown in fig. 4, the cylinder 15 drives the shifting rod 30 and the ring sleeve 34 to approach the first motor 5 by extending the piston rod thereof, so that the ring sleeve 34 drives the sleeve 33 to be sleeved on the second multi-edge rod 32, so that the sleeve 33 can be simultaneously connected with the first multi-edge rod 31 and the second multi-edge rod 32, so that the second multi-edge rod 32 can drive the first multi-edge rod 31 to rotate through the sleeve 33, and finally, the first motor 5, after the motor I5 is electrified, the polygon bar II 32 is driven to rotate reversely, the polygon bar II 32 drives the polygon bar I31 to rotate reversely through the sleeve 33, so that the polygon bar I31 synchronously drives the worm I25 to rotate reversely, the reverse rotation of the worm I25 drives the gear I24 to rotate clockwise, so that the gear I24 drives the convex plate 23 and the sliding sleeve 16 to move downwards along the upright rod 2 under the tooth transmission action of the gear I24 and the rack I3, so that the convex plate 23 synchronously drives the support frame 14 and the lifting platform 8 to move downwards, the lifting platform 8 drives the power transformer to descend, when the lifting platform 8 drives the power transformer to descend to the lower end of the upright rod 2, the motor I5 is powered off, the piston rod deflector rod 30 and the ring sleeve 34 are contracted through the air cylinder 15 to drive the deflector rod 30 and the ring sleeve 34 to move away from the motor I5, so that the ring sleeve 34 drives the sleeve 33 to separate from the polygon bar II 32, and the motor I5 cannot drive the polygon bar, then the second motor 17 is started to drive the screw rod 19 to reversely work, so that the screw rod 19 drives the sliding block 20 to be close to the sliding sleeve 16 through thread transmission, the sliding block 20 drives the inserting rod 21 to be inserted into the corresponding inserting hole 22 on the upright rod 2, the fixing strength and the stability of the sliding sleeve 16 on the upright rod 2 are increased by matching the inserting rod 21 and the inserting hole 22, and the stability of the lifting platform 8 is ensured when the power transformer is maintained, maintained or replaced, the height of the power transformer can be lowered, so that an electric worker does not need to climb the upright rod 2, time and labor are saved, the labor intensity is reduced, the working efficiency is improved, the operation is carried out on the ground, and the operation safety is improved;
step two: as shown in the first step, in the process that the power transformer is placed on the lifting platform 8 and the lifting mechanism drives the power transformer to move upwards, the rack two 4 moves downwards relative to the gear four 7, so that the gear four 7 drives the rotating shaft one 6 to rotate, further the rotating shaft one 6 drives the gear ring 10 to rotate through the worm two 29, the rotation of the gear ring 10 drives the gear two 27 to rotate, further the gear two 27 drives the gear three 12 to rotate through the rotating shaft two 26, further the gear three 12 drives the fixture block 11 to be in abutting-buckling contact with the protrusion at the bottom edge of the power transformer through the rack three 13, so that the power transformer is fixed, the installation stability of the power transformer on the lifting platform 8 is ensured, the power transformer is kept not to shake when the lifting platform 8 drives the power transformer to ascend, the installation operation safety of the power transformer is improved, and the power transformer is automatically fixed, manpower participation is not needed, and the labor intensity is reduced;
step three: as shown in the first step and the second step, when the lifting platform 8 drives the power transformer to descend, the gear four 7 approaches the rack two 4, when the gear four 7 is meshed with the rack two 4, the rack two 4 moves upwards relative to the gear four 7, so that the gear four 7 drives the rotating shaft one 6 to rotate reversely, the rotating shaft one 6 drives the gear ring 10 to rotate reversely through the worm two 29, the reverse rotation of the gear ring 10 drives the gear two 27 to rotate reversely, the gear two 27 drives the gear three 12 to rotate reversely through the rotating shaft two 26, and the gear three 12 drives the fixture block 11 to be away from the protrusion on the bottom edge of the power transformer through the rack three 13, so that the power transformer is loosened, and the power transformer is taken down from the lifting platform 8.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in the above embodiments and the description, and are not intended to limit the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. Synthesize automation system and use power transformer installation device, including fixing base (1), its characterized in that: the power transformer lifting device is characterized in that a vertical rod (2) is vertically fixed on the fixing seat (1), a lifting mechanism used for installing a power transformer is arranged on the vertical rod (2), a driving mechanism is arranged on the lifting mechanism and can be in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism, the driving mechanism is used for driving the lifting mechanism to drive the power transformer to lift or descend, a clamping mechanism used for fixing the power transformer is arranged on the lifting mechanism, and the clamping mechanism can be in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism.
2. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting mechanism comprises a sliding sleeve (16) sleeved outside the upright rod (2), and the sliding sleeve (16) can slide up and down on the upright rod (2).
3. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 2, wherein: a notch is formed in the side wall of the sliding sleeve (16), the two ends of the notch are respectively fixed with a convex plate (23), the two convex plates (23) are arranged in parallel, a first rack (3) is fixed on the side wall of the upright rod (2), the first rack (3) is parallel to the central axis of the upright rod (2), the first rack (3) is located at the notch, a first gear (24) is rotatably connected between the two convex plates (23) in a fixed shaft manner, the first gear (24) is meshed with the first rack (3), a second rack (4) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the first rack (3), the second rack (4) and the first rack (3) are arranged in parallel, a gap is reserved between the second rack (4) and the first rack (3), a support frame (14) is fixed on each convex plate (23), and a lifting platform (8) for mounting a power transformer is fixed at the upper end of the support frame (14), elevating platform (8) level sets up, be provided with clamping mechanism and actuating mechanism on elevating platform (8), actuating mechanism can be connected with gear (24) transmission, clamping mechanism can be connected with rack two (4) transmission, be fixed with balladeur train (18) on the lateral wall of sliding sleeve (16), the dead axle rotates on balladeur train (18) and is connected with screw rod (19), the bottom sliding connection of balladeur train (18) has slider (20), slider (20) and screw rod (19) threaded connection, be fixed with inserted bar (21) on slider (20), screw rod (19) and inserted bar (21) are parallel to each other, and the central axis of screw rod (19) and inserted bar (21) all perpendicular to pole setting (2).
4. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 3, wherein: one end of the screw rod (19) is in transmission connection with a second motor (17), the second motor (17) is fixed on the sliding frame (18), and the inserted rod (21) can penetrate through the side wall of the sliding sleeve (16) and is inserted into the insertion hole (22) formed in the upright rod (2).
5. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 3, wherein: the driving mechanism comprises a first worm (25) which is rotationally connected to the support frame (14) through a fixed shaft, the first worm (25) is located on the upper side of the first gear (24), the first worm (25) is meshed with the first gear (24), a first multi-edge rod (31) is coaxially fixed to one end of the first worm (25), a first motor (5) is fixed to the bottom surface of the lifting platform (8), a second multi-edge rod (32) is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the first motor (5), the second multi-edge rod (32) is structurally identical to the first multi-edge rod (31) and shares the central axis, and the first multi-edge rod (31) and the second multi-edge rod (32) can be in transmission connection.
6. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 5, wherein: actuating mechanism still includes cylinder (15) of fixing on support frame (14), cylinder (15) and worm (25) parallel arrangement each other, the piston rod end of cylinder (15) is perpendicular and fixed connection driving lever (30), driving lever (30) are kept away from the one end fixed connection ring cover (34) of piston rod, the inside grafting of ring cover (34) has sleeve (33), and sleeve (33) can decide the axle and rotate in ring cover (34), be fixed with two spacing rings (35) on the lateral wall of sleeve (33), and ring cover (34) are located two between spacing ring (35), the both ends of sleeve (33) can overlap respectively and establish on many arriss pole two (32) and many arriss pole one (31), and sleeve (33) can slide on many arriss pole two (32) and many arriss pole one (31).
7. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 3, wherein: the clamping mechanism comprises a gear ring (10) which is rotatably connected to the bottom surface of a lifting platform (8) after being fixed to a shaft, a hanging rod (28) is fixed to the bottom surface of the lifting platform (8), the hanging rod (28) is located on the outer side of the gear ring (10), the shaft is rotatably connected with a first rotating shaft (6) on the hanging rod (28), a fourth gear (7) and a second worm (29) are fixed to one end of the first rotating shaft (6), the fourth gear (7) can be meshed with the second rack (4) and is connected with the second worm (29) and the outer side wall teeth of the gear ring (10) in a meshed mode.
8. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 7, wherein: the inboard of ring gear (10) is provided with two (27) of four gears, and four the circumference trend of ring gear (10) is followed to two (27) of gear is equidistant to be set up, the inboard wall tooth meshing of two (27) of gear and ring gear (10) is connected, the center department of two (27) of gear is fixed with two (26) of pivot, the one end that two (27) of gear were kept away from in pivot (26) runs through elevating platform (8) and is located the upside of elevating platform (8), two (26) of pivot can be fixed a shaft rotation on elevating platform (8), the upper end of two (27) of gear is fixed with three (12) of gear.
9. The power transformer mounting apparatus for an integrated automation system according to claim 8, wherein: the upper surface of elevating platform (8) is fixed with uide bushing (9) corresponding with three (12) gears, sliding connection has rack three (13) on uide bushing (9), the one end at the directional ring gear (10) center of rack three (13) is fixed with fixture block (11), fixture block (11) are the L shape of invering, and the interior right angle of fixture block (11) can be with be fixed in protruding the contact of holding back on the power transformer base.
10. The method for using a power transformer installation unit for an integrated automation system according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the driving mechanism drives the lifting mechanism to drive the power transformer to ascend or descend on the upright rod (2);
step two: the lifting mechanism drives the power transformer to ascend on the vertical rod (2) and drives the clamping mechanism to automatically fix the power transformer;
step three: the lifting mechanism drives the power transformer to descend on the vertical rod (2) and drives the clamping mechanism to automatically loosen the power transformer.
CN202011368958.8A 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 Power transformer installation device for integrated automation system and use method thereof Withdrawn CN112374419A (en)

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