CN112361616A - Plain type solar energy air heating device - Google Patents

Plain type solar energy air heating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112361616A
CN112361616A CN202011159829.8A CN202011159829A CN112361616A CN 112361616 A CN112361616 A CN 112361616A CN 202011159829 A CN202011159829 A CN 202011159829A CN 112361616 A CN112361616 A CN 112361616A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat pipe
type light
pipe condensation
solar
air heating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011159829.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
逯富伟
焦雅岚
赵阳
严拓
董乾骋
张宏阳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wanjiang New Energy Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wanjiang New Energy Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wanjiang New Energy Group Co Ltd filed Critical Wanjiang New Energy Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202011159829.8A priority Critical patent/CN112361616A/en
Publication of CN112361616A publication Critical patent/CN112361616A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/40Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/90Solar heat collectors using working fluids using internal thermosiphonic circulation
    • F24S10/95Solar heat collectors using working fluids using internal thermosiphonic circulation having evaporator sections and condenser sections, e.g. heat pipes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • F24S23/74Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors with trough-shaped or cylindro-parabolic reflective surfaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/40Preventing corrosion; Protecting against dirt or contamination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a simple solar air heating device, and relates to the technical field of solar comprehensive utilization. The solar air conditioner comprises an internal vent, a heat pipe condensation section, heat exchange fins, an outdoor air inlet, a heat pipe evaporation section, a groove type light condensing device, a glass cover plate, a fan and an adjustable air outlet, wherein the groove type light condensing device is arranged in the glass cover plate, the heat pipe evaporation section is arranged in the groove type light condensing device, the heat pipe condensation section is arranged right above the groove type light condensing device at the top of the heat pipe evaporation section, and the heat exchange fins are fixedly arranged on one side of the heat pipe condensation section. This plain type solar energy air heating device effectively combines slot type spotlight ware and heat pipe, reduces the grade difference, realizes the comprehensive high-efficient utilization of solar energy, and snakelike runner further increases the heat transfer time of air in the device, effectively promotes air outlet temperature, and device simple manufacture, stable performance, and investment and operation cost are lower.

Description

Plain type solar energy air heating device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solar energy comprehensive utilization, in particular to a simple solar air heating device.
Background
Solar energy, which is a renewable energy source, refers to the thermal radiation energy of the sun (see three ways of thermal energy transmission: radiation), which is mainly expressed by the solar ray in the prior art, is generally used as power generation or energy source for water heaters in modern times, and since the birth of life on the earth, the solar energy mainly lives by the thermal radiation energy provided by the sun, and ancient mankind also knows that objects are dried in the sun and used as food making methods, such as salt making and salted fish drying, etc., and under the condition that fossil fuel is gradually reduced, the solar energy becomes an important component of energy used by mankind, and is continuously developed. The utilization of solar energy has two modes of photo-thermal conversion and photoelectric conversion, solar power generation is a new renewable energy source, solar energy in a broad sense also comprises wind energy, chemical energy, hydroenergy and the like on the earth, the solar energy belongs to typical renewable energy sources, the distribution is wide, the utilization is convenient, the occupation ratio of solar energy resources in the field of the renewable energy sources is stably improved, at present, the utilization form of the solar energy resources mainly comprises two forms of solar energy-electric energy and solar energy-heat energy, the problem of low energy conversion efficiency is generally encountered in the utilization process of the solar energy by various systems or devices, and certain energy grade difference exists, so that the system has low operation efficiency and high investment cost.
Common solar collectors can only supply domestic hot water, the specific heat capacity of water is large, the temperature rise of the air is high when the solar collectors receive the same solar radiation, the hot water cannot be used due to low temperature under partial conditions, the energy grade difference is caused, and the utilization efficiency of the system is low. The simple solar air heating device provided by the invention has a simple structure, reduces the occupied area and the investment cost, and simultaneously effectively improves the comprehensive utilization efficiency of the system and increases the outlet temperature of the air by combining the groove type light-gathering device due to the lower specific heat capacity of the air.
The heat pipe is used as a heat transfer core component, and is effectively combined with the groove type solar energy light gathering device and the fan to form the simple solar energy air heating device, the groove type light gathering device in the device can gather sunlight penetrating through the glass cover plate to the evaporation section of the heat pipe, and the heat exchange effect is enhanced; the condensing section is welded with the heat exchange fins serving as the air flow channels to form the snake-shaped flow channels, so that the heat exchange effect between the condensing section and the air is enhanced, and the outlet temperature of the air is further increased.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a simple solar air heating device to solve the problems mentioned above in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a plain type solar energy air heating device, includes inside vent, heat pipe condensation segment, heat transfer fin, outdoor air entry, heat pipe evaporation zone, slot type condensing unit, glass apron, fan and adjustable air outlet, the inside of glass apron is provided with slot type condensing unit, slot type condensing unit's inside is provided with the heat pipe evaporation zone, the top of heat pipe evaporation zone is provided with the heat pipe condensation segment that is located directly over the slot type condensing unit, the fixed heat transfer fin that is provided with in one side of heat pipe condensation segment, one side of heat pipe condensation segment is provided with the outdoor air entry that is located glass apron inside, one side of glass apron is provided with inside vent, one side of inside vent is provided with the fan, the bottom of fan is provided with adjustable air outlet.
Further optimize this technical scheme, one side of heat pipe condensation segment is provided with heat transfer fin through the welding, form snakelike runner between heat pipe condensation segment and the heat transfer fin.
Further optimizing the technical scheme, the number of the groove-type light condensing devices is four, and the four groove-type light condensing devices are all U-shaped.
Further optimizing the technical scheme, the groove type condenser device adopts a groove type condenser, and the groove type condenser is connected and combined with the condensing section of the heat pipe in the groove type condenser device.
Further optimize this technical scheme, inside vent is located the top on glass apron surface, and the surface of inside vent is provided with the dust screen.
Further optimize this technical scheme, the heat pipe condensation segment is located inside vent under, the heat pipe condensation segment is provided with four, and four one side of heat pipe condensation segment is provided with outdoor air inlet.
Further optimize this technical scheme, intercommunication sets up between inside vent, heat pipe condensation segment, outdoor air inlet, heat pipe evaporation zone, slot type condensing equipment, fan and the adjustable air outlet.
Further optimizing the technical scheme, the four groove type light condensing devices and the four heat pipe condensation sections are all horizontally arranged in parallel.
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides a simple solar air heating device, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. the simple solar air heating device effectively combines the groove condenser and the heat pipe, reduces grade difference and realizes comprehensive and efficient utilization of solar energy.
2. This plain type solar energy air heating device, snakelike runner further increase the heat transfer time of air in the device, effectively promote air outlet temperature.
3. The simple solar air heating device is simple to manufacture, stable in performance and low in investment and operation cost.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive exercise.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a simple solar air heating device according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic sectional view of a simple solar air heating device according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. an internal vent; 2. a heat pipe condensation section; 3. heat exchange fins; 4. an outdoor air inlet; 5. a heat pipe evaporation section; 6. a trough-type light gathering device; 7. a glass cover plate; 8. a fan; 9. an adjustable air outlet.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions better understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only partial embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of this application and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It should be understood that the data so used may be interchanged under appropriate circumstances such that embodiments of the application described herein may be used. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
In this application, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "middle", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings. These terms are used primarily to better describe the present application and its embodiments, and are not used to limit the indicated devices, elements or components to a particular orientation or to be constructed and operated in a particular orientation.
Moreover, some of the above terms may be used to indicate other meanings besides the orientation or positional relationship, for example, the term "on" may also be used to indicate some kind of attachment or connection relationship in some cases. The specific meaning of these terms in this application will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "provided," "connected," and "sleeved" are to be construed broadly. For example, it may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or a unitary construction; can be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; may be directly connected, or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be in internal communication between two devices, elements or components. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the invention discloses a simple solar air heating device, which comprises an internal vent 1, a heat pipe condensation section 2, a heat exchange fin 3, an outdoor air inlet 4, a heat pipe evaporation section 5, a groove type light gathering device 6, a glass cover plate 7, a fan 8 and an adjustable air outlet 9, and is characterized in that the groove type light gathering device 6 is arranged inside the glass cover plate 7, the heat pipe evaporation section 5 is arranged inside the groove type light gathering device 6, the heat pipe condensation section 2 positioned right above the groove type light gathering device 6 is arranged at the top of the heat pipe evaporation section 5, the heat exchange fin 3 is fixedly arranged at one side of the heat pipe condensation section 2, the outdoor air inlet 4 positioned inside the glass cover plate 7 is arranged at one side of the heat pipe condensation section 2, the internal vent 1 is arranged at one side of the glass cover plate 7, and the fan 8 is arranged at one side of the internal vent 1, the bottom of the fan 8 is provided with an adjustable air outlet 9, and the internal vent 1, the heat pipe condensation section 2, the outdoor air inlet 4, the heat pipe evaporation section 5, the groove type light condensing device 6, the fan 8 and the adjustable air outlet 9 are communicated with one another.
As the specific optimization scheme of this embodiment, one side of heat pipe condensation segment 2 is provided with heat transfer fin 3 through the welding, form snakelike runner between heat pipe condensation segment 2 and the heat transfer fin 3, the design of snakelike runner increases the heat transfer time of air and heat pipe condensation segment 2, strengthens the heat transfer effect, can further promote the exit temperature of air.
As a specific optimization scheme of this embodiment, four groove-type light condensing devices 6 are provided, and the four groove-type light condensing devices 6 are all U-shaped.
As a specific optimization scheme of this embodiment, the groove type condenser device 6 employs a groove type condenser, and the groove type condenser is connected and combined with the heat pipe condensation section 2 inside the groove type condenser, so that the groove type condenser and the heat pipe are effectively combined, the grade difference is reduced, and comprehensive and efficient utilization of solar energy is realized.
As a specific optimization scheme of this embodiment, the internal vent 1 is located above the surface of the glass cover plate 7, and a dust screen is disposed on the surface of the internal vent 1.
As a specific optimization scheme of this embodiment, the heat pipe condensation section 2 is located right below the internal vent 1, the number of the heat pipe condensation sections 2 is four, an outdoor air inlet 4 is arranged on one side of each of the heat pipe condensation sections 2, and the four groove type light condensing devices 6 and the four heat pipe condensation sections 2 are all arranged horizontally in parallel.
The invention uses the heat pipe as a heat transfer core device to be effectively combined with the groove type solar energy light gathering device, thus forming a simple solar energy air heating device. The groove type light gathering device 6 in the device can gather sunlight penetrating through the glass cover plate 7 to the heat pipe evaporation section 2, so that the heat absorption capacity of the heat pipe evaporation section 2 is enhanced; weld heat transfer fin 3 and heat pipe condensation segment 2, form snakelike runner, increase the heat transfer time of air and heat pipe condensation segment 2, strengthen the heat transfer effect, can further promote the exit temperature of air, this device safe and reliable, simple to operate. From investment and long-term operation analysis, the method has good social benefit and economic benefit.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the simple solar air heating device effectively combines the groove condenser and the heat pipe, reduces grade difference and realizes comprehensive and efficient utilization of solar energy.
2. This plain type solar energy air heating device, snakelike runner further increase the heat transfer time of air in the device, effectively promote air outlet temperature.
3. The simple solar air heating device is simple to manufacture, stable in performance and low in investment and operation cost.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. A simple solar air heating device comprises an internal vent (1), a heat pipe condensation section (2), heat exchange fins (3), an outdoor air inlet (4), a heat pipe evaporation section (5), a groove type light gathering device (6), a glass cover plate (7), a fan (8) and an adjustable air outlet (9), and is characterized in that the groove type light gathering device (6) is arranged in the glass cover plate (7), the heat pipe evaporation section (5) is arranged in the groove type light gathering device (6), the heat pipe condensation section (2) positioned right above the groove type light gathering device (6) is arranged at the top of the heat pipe evaporation section (5), the heat exchange fins (3) are fixedly arranged on one side of the heat pipe condensation section (2), the outdoor air inlet (4) positioned in the glass cover plate (7) is arranged on one side of the heat pipe condensation section (2), an inner vent (1) is arranged on one side of the glass cover plate (7), a fan (8) is arranged on one side of the inner vent (1), and an adjustable air outlet (9) is arranged at the bottom of the fan (8).
2. The simple solar air heating device according to claim 1, wherein heat exchange fins (3) are welded to one side of the heat pipe condensation section (2), and serpentine flow channels are formed between the heat pipe condensation section (2) and the heat exchange fins (3).
3. The simplified solar air heating device according to claim 1, wherein four trough-type light-gathering devices (6) are provided, and the four trough-type light-gathering devices (6) are all U-shaped.
4. The simple solar air heating device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the trough-type condenser (6) is a trough-type condenser, and the trough-type condenser is connected with the heat pipe condensation section (2) inside the trough-type condenser.
5. The simplified solar air heating device according to claim 1, characterized in that the internal ventilation opening (1) is located above the surface of the glass cover plate (7), and the surface of the internal ventilation opening (1) is provided with a dust screen.
6. The simple solar air heating device according to claim 1, wherein the heat pipe condensation sections (2) are located right below the internal ventilation opening (1), the number of the heat pipe condensation sections (2) is four, and one side of the four heat pipe condensation sections (2) is provided with an outdoor air inlet (4).
7. The simple solar air heating device according to claim 1, wherein the internal ventilation opening (1), the heat pipe condensation section (2), the outdoor air inlet (4), the heat pipe evaporation section (5), the trough-type light gathering device (6), the fan (8) and the adjustable air outlet (9) are communicated with each other.
8. The simple solar air heating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein four trough-type light-gathering devices (6) and four heat pipe condensation sections (2) are horizontally arranged in parallel.
CN202011159829.8A 2020-10-27 2020-10-27 Plain type solar energy air heating device Pending CN112361616A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011159829.8A CN112361616A (en) 2020-10-27 2020-10-27 Plain type solar energy air heating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011159829.8A CN112361616A (en) 2020-10-27 2020-10-27 Plain type solar energy air heating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112361616A true CN112361616A (en) 2021-02-12

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ID=74510523

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011159829.8A Pending CN112361616A (en) 2020-10-27 2020-10-27 Plain type solar energy air heating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112361616A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101189479A (en) * 2005-05-31 2008-05-28 罗杰·A·法夸尔 Solar earth module
CN101881519A (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-11-10 王恒月 All-weather heat-tube vacuum collector
CN101929739A (en) * 2009-06-24 2010-12-29 王浦 Solar dual-purpose machine for supplying hot wind and water
CN202361658U (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-08-01 南京工业大学 Optically-focused heat-pipe vacuum tube type solar anti-freezing water heater
CN105066471A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-18 赵耀华 Heat-pipe type panel solar air collector and heating method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101189479A (en) * 2005-05-31 2008-05-28 罗杰·A·法夸尔 Solar earth module
CN101929739A (en) * 2009-06-24 2010-12-29 王浦 Solar dual-purpose machine for supplying hot wind and water
CN101881519A (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-11-10 王恒月 All-weather heat-tube vacuum collector
CN202361658U (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-08-01 南京工业大学 Optically-focused heat-pipe vacuum tube type solar anti-freezing water heater
CN105066471A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-18 赵耀华 Heat-pipe type panel solar air collector and heating method thereof

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