CN112360697A - Steel pipe concrete truss combination formula tower section of thick bamboo - Google Patents

Steel pipe concrete truss combination formula tower section of thick bamboo Download PDF

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CN112360697A
CN112360697A CN202011187701.2A CN202011187701A CN112360697A CN 112360697 A CN112360697 A CN 112360697A CN 202011187701 A CN202011187701 A CN 202011187701A CN 112360697 A CN112360697 A CN 112360697A
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steel
tower cylinder
tower
concrete
steel pipe
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廖明进
廖显锋
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D13/00Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
    • F03D13/20Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention discloses a steel pipe concrete truss combined tower cylinder which can be used for land and sea, mainly comprising a tower cylinder, a steel pipe concrete truss and a matched separated or integral foundation, and is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps of dividing a pure steel tower cylinder into a plurality of sections and a plurality of pieces, connecting the sections and the side faces of the concrete-filled steel tubular columns by bolts or welding, connecting and fixing structural units formed by connecting the sections and the concrete-filled steel tubular columns, installing a supporting system between the concrete-filled steel tubular columns in the cylinder, and inserting or connecting the bottom tower cylinder and the concrete-filled steel tubular columns into a separated or integrated foundation. The advantages are that: the upper structure load and the dead weight are directly transmitted to the foundation below through the tower barrel, the concrete filled steel tubular column of the space truss is used as a section bearing part, the stress performance of the circular tower barrel is greatly improved, force transmission is direct, the installation of components is greatly facilitated, safety and reliability are realized, the steel consumption is reduced, the manufacturing cost is reduced, transportation is facilitated, the construction period is shortened, the rigidity is enhanced, and fatigue is improved.

Description

Steel pipe concrete truss combination formula tower section of thick bamboo
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of high-rise tower structures, in particular to a steel pipe concrete truss combined tower cylinder.
Background
At present, when the height of a tower structure of a wind generating set in China is within 100m, a pure steel cylinder tower structure is mainly adopted; when the height reaches more than 100 meters, the section size needs to be increased to meet the technical requirements because the structure of the pure steel cylinder is too flexible. When adopting pure steel cylinder structure, the structural dimension is big, receives highway's bridge and culvert size restriction problem during unable solution transportation. At present, the wind turbine tower cylinder with the height of more than 100m in engineering generally adopts a concrete + pure steel cylinder and pure precast concrete cylinder structure, and the structural form has the defects of large engineering quantity, difficult hoisting, long construction period, high cost, poor structural reliability and the like. According to novel steel pipe concrete tower section of thick bamboo structural design, tower section of thick bamboo self section characteristic is crucial.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention aims to provide a novel fan tower structure which has reliable structural performance, less steel consumption, low construction cost, convenient construction and transportation, large integral rigidity, good compression resistance and reliable connection.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: the combined type tower cylinder is characterized in that the combined type tower cylinder vertically connects at least three groups of vertical steel pipes on the cross section of the tower cylinder into a whole, the steel pipes are uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the combined type tower cylinder by taking a center shaft of the combined type tower cylinder as an axis, the steel pipes can be connected with the tower cylinder by adopting a tower cylinder cross section external steel pipe or a tower cylinder cross section internal steel pipe or a radius of the tower cylinder cross section larger than a plurality of internal tangent circle radii and smaller than a plurality of external tangent circle radii, and the steel pipes are internally provided with prestressed anchor cables which penetrate through the steel pipes from the top end to the bottom end.
Furthermore, the top end and the bottom end of the steel pipe are respectively provided with a leveling template ring and a fixed bottom ring, and connectors at two ends of the prestressed anchor cable respectively extend out of the leveling template ring and the fixed bottom ring.
Furthermore, a steel bar framework is preset in the steel pipe and is formed by welding a plurality of longitudinal bars which are uniformly distributed around the axis of the steel pipe and stirrups which surround the longitudinal bars.
Furthermore, the prestressed anchor cable is abutted to a guide structure in the steel pipe, the guide structure is connected with the inner periphery of the steel pipe, and stiffening ribs are arranged in the steel pipe locally.
Preferably, when the radius of the circular section of the tower is larger than the radius of the inscribed circle of the plurality of steel pipes and smaller than the radius of the inscribed circle of the plurality of steel pipes, at least two groups of prestressed anchor cables penetrating through the steel pipes from the top end to the bottom end are arranged in the steel pipes, one group of the two groups of prestressed anchor cables is distributed on the inner side of the combined tower barrel, the other group of the two groups of prestressed anchor cables is distributed on the outer side of the combined tower barrel, and the lower ends of the steel pipes extend into the foundation to be fixed.
Further, the cylinder body is connected with the steel pipe in the following mode:
the combined tower cylinder vertically penetrates through the steel pipe, the steel pipe is formed by a pipe shell A and a pipe shell B in a surrounding mode, the pipe shell A and the pipe shell B clamp the cylinder body through a fastening piece, or one side, opposite to the pipe shell A and the pipe shell B, of the pipe shell A is connected with the cylinder body in a welding mode;
or the surface of the steel pipe is provided with a slot, and the shell is inserted into the slot and is connected with the steel pipe through a fastener or welding.
Furthermore, a truss support system between the columns is installed on the inner periphery of the combined tower cylinder, the truss support system adopts a cross type, X type, Z type or K type truss structure, and the ends of the two ends of the truss are respectively and fixedly connected to the adjacent steel pipes.
Further, the section of the steel pipe comprises a round or irregular shape, the steel pipe is in an equal section or variable section form along the height direction, a concrete filled steel pipe column is formed after concrete is poured in the steel pipe, and the concrete filled steel pipe column is manufactured in a prefabrication or cast-in-place mode.
The special shape comprises a rectangle, a T shape, an I shape, a crescent or a trapezoid;
preferably, the steel pipes are connected into a whole by a plurality of layers of horizontal ring beams along the vertical direction of the combined tower, the horizontal ring beams are formed by assembling steel beams or annular steel pipes, and concrete is poured into the annular steel pipes.
The concrete-filled steel tube truss combined tower provided by the invention has the following specific installation process:
(1) firstly, determining the arrangement and section size of a concrete filled steel tubular column, the strength of concrete, the height and size of a top pure steel tower cylinder and the basic size of the tower cylinder according to the design indexes of specific fan equipment;
(2) completing corresponding basic design drawings and component part processing drawings, and simultaneously completing construction operation of a tower drum foundation on site and embedding work of corresponding embedded connecting pieces;
(3) in a factory, each steel pipe is divided according to a standard of 1-100 m sections, and a flange and a steel bracket are welded at the end part of each section of steel pipe to complete the connection of the corresponding vertical steel pipe section or spiral steel pipe section tie beam connection node;
(4) the concrete pouring and maintenance operation of the steel pipe section corresponding to each steel pipe concrete limb is completed in a factory or on site;
(5) transporting each component finished in the factory to a construction site through a large-scale transport vehicle;
(6) when the concrete column is transported to a construction site, if the concrete column is a steel pipe section corresponding to the inclined concrete leg which is not subjected to concrete pouring and curing operation, the steel pipe section at the bottom end of each inclined concrete leg needs to be connected and fixed with an embedded part embedded in a corresponding tower foundation through an embedded bolt on the construction site, then the rest steel pipe sections of each inclined concrete leg are sequentially connected and fixed from bottom to top through a flange and a high-strength bolt, then concrete pouring and curing operation is carried out on the hollow steel pipe of the fixed concrete leg, finally the top end of the concrete column is connected and fixed at a specified position or the top of a tower barrel through a flange and a welding mode, and prestress construction is carried out after reinforcing steel bars or section steel are arranged in the column.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects and advantages:
(1) by adopting the structural design scheme, when concrete is poured in the steel tube and the concrete column and the tower cylinder are connected into a whole, compared with the prior pure steel tower cylinder or the technical proposal of erecting the truss support outside the tower cylinder, the steel pipe column provides lateral support for the thin-wall tower cylinder, the thickness of each section of tower cylinder is obviously reduced compared with the thickness of the cylinder body of the prior pure tower cylinder structure, the steel material usage amount is reduced, the engineering cost is reduced, the tower cylinder does not bear vertical pressure by the tower cylinder shell, but the steel tube-concrete column bears the vertical pressure, so the compression resistance is good, when the tower barrel with the height more than 100m needs to be designed, the prior pure steel cylinder has a too flexible structure, cannot meet the technical requirements of fan equipment, needs to increase the section size in order to meet the technical requirements of the fan equipment, further, the structure size is large, and the problem that the transportation is limited by the bridge and culvert size of the highway cannot be solved;
(2) when the tower barrel is subjected to wind power or earthquake to generate horizontal displacement, the gravity load causes the displacement and internal force of the structure to be increased, so that the structure is unstable, compared with the prior concrete + pure steel barrel and pure precast concrete barrel structure or the technical scheme of erecting a truss support outside the tower barrel, the serious consequences of instability and damage of the tower barrel caused by the buckling of the barrel body of the tower barrel are avoided, and the problems of large engineering quantity, difficult hoisting, long construction period, high cost and poor structural reliability can be solved;
(3) when the height of the fan exceeds a certain height, the problems of overlarge size, inconvenience in transportation, overweight structure, difficulty in hoisting and the like of a fan tower frame and the problems of overlarge structure and incapability of meeting the installation requirement of fan equipment can be solved;
(4) the construction method has the advantages of safe and reliable structure, convenience in installation, short construction period, low construction cost and the like.
(5) The connecting parts of the truss and the tower drum, the steel reinforcement framework and the tower drum and the prestressed anchor cable are wrapped in concrete or a steel pipe or the tower drum, so that the connecting parts are prevented from being corroded and falling off.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment 1 of a concrete filled steel tube truss assembled tower of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view illustrating a connection mode of the concrete filled steel tube column foundation of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the cross section of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an embodiment of a concrete filled steel tubular truss grouped tower of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a concrete filled steel tubular truss grouped tower of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the preferred embodiment 3;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view in cross section of example 3;
FIG. 9 is a structural view showing a cross section of a steel pipe in example 2;
FIG. 10 is a mist stress cloud of a conventional pure steel tower drum;
FIG. 11 is a side displacement cloud of a conventional pure steel tower drum;
FIG. 12 is a mist stress cloud for the tower of example 1;
FIG. 13 is a cloud view of lateral displacements of the tower of example 1.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the patent of the invention easy to understand, the following description is further provided for describing how the patent of the invention is implemented by combining the attached drawings and the detailed implementation modes.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 a-1 b and fig. 2, the steel pipe concrete truss combined tower comprises a combined tower barrel 1, the combined tower barrel 1 is vertically assembled by multiple sections of barrels 11, each section of barrel 11 is assembled by multiple pieces of shells 12 along the circumferential direction, the section of barrel 11 is circular or polygonal, combined tower barrel 1 vertically connects more than 3 steel pipes 2 into a whole, all steel pipes are uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of combined tower barrel 1 by taking the central axis of combined tower barrel 1 as the axis, each steel pipe 2 is assembled by multiple sections of hollow steel pipes 21, two ends of each section of hollow steel pipe 21 are respectively welded with flange plates 24, a steel reinforcement framework 4 is preset in each steel pipe, the steel reinforcement framework 4 is formed by welding multiple longitudinal ribs 41 uniformly distributed around the axis of steel pipe 1 and stirrups 42 surrounding longitudinal ribs 41, stiffening ribs 6 are also locally arranged in steel pipe 1, the top end and bottom end of each steel pipe 2 are respectively provided with leveling template rings 22 and fixed bottom rings 23, at least two groups of prestressed anchor cables 3 penetrate through the steel pipe 2 from the top end to the bottom end, connectors at two ends of the prestressed anchor cables 3 respectively extend out of the leveling template ring 22 and the fixed bottom ring 23, one group of the two groups of prestressed anchor cables 3 are distributed on the inner side of the combined tower barrel 1, the other group of the two groups of prestressed anchor cables is distributed on the outer side of the combined tower barrel 2, and the lower end of the steel pipe 2 extends into the foundation 5 and is inserted into a foundation bearing platform or a pile to form the pile-column integrated foundation 5.
Optionally, all the steel pipes 2 are further connected into a whole by multiple layers of horizontal ring beams 7 along the vertical direction of the combined tower barrel 1, and the horizontal ring beams are formed by splicing annular steel pipes.
The installation process of the steel pipe concrete truss combined type tower cylinder of the embodiment is as follows:
(1) firstly, determining the arrangement and section size of a steel pipe, the strength of the steel pipe, the height and size of a top pure steel tower cylinder and the basic size of the tower cylinder according to the design index of specific fan equipment;
(2) completing corresponding basic design drawings and component part processing drawings, and simultaneously completing construction operation of a tower drum foundation on site and embedding work of corresponding embedded connecting pieces;
(3) in a factory, each steel pipe is divided into a plurality of sections of hollow steel pipes according to the standard of 1-100 m, a flange and a stiffening rib 6 are welded at the end part of each section of hollow steel pipe, and optionally, the connection of the corresponding vertical steel pipe section and the connecting node of the horizontal ring beam 7 can be completed;
(4) on the site of a construction site, hollow steel pipe sections of each steel pipe to be placed at the bottom end are connected and fixed with embedded parts embedded in corresponding foundations through embedded bolts, the bottom end of a prestressed anchor cable is fixed to the lower side of a fixed bottom ring, a steel bar framework and welding stiffening ribs are pre-arranged in the hollow steel pipe, then the rest hollow steel pipe sections of each steel pipe are sequentially connected and fixed from bottom to top through flanges and high-strength bolts, the steel bar framework extends upwards, the prestressed anchor cable penetrates through the steel pipe to reach the upper side of a leveling template ring and is fixed, and then concrete pouring and maintenance operation are carried out on the hollow steel pipes of the fixed steel pipes.
(5) And (3) upwards mounting the shell of the tower cylinder layer by layer along a plurality of steel pipes which surround the tower cylinder in a ring shape, and welding and connecting two sides of the shell with the surfaces of the adjacent steel pipes as shown in figure 3.
Or reserving slots on the surface of the hollow steel pipe when the hollow steel pipe section is prefabricated, inserting the shell of each layer of the cylinder body into the slots of the layer of the hollow steel pipe in the field installation process in the step (4), and welding and fixing the shell at the vertical moment, wherein the lower layer of the cylinder body is connected with the upper layer of the cylinder body through a flange.
In the embodiment, the hollow steel tube is internally provided with no concrete, so that materials are saved, the prestressed anchor cables are arranged in the tower barrel and outside the tower barrel, the rigidity of the tower body can be improved and adjusted, meanwhile, the overlarge difference of the rigidity inside and outside the tower barrel is avoided, the steel tube columns provide lateral support for the thin-wall tower barrel, the thickness of each section of tower barrel is obviously reduced compared with that of the existing pure tower barrel structure, the steel material usage amount is reduced, the engineering cost is reduced, the tower barrel is not used for bearing vertical pressure by a tower barrel shell, but is used for bearing vertical pressure by the steel tube and a steel reinforcement framework thereof, so that the compression resistance is. The steel pipe is easier to be installed when the cross section of the cylinder body is polygonal.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 4, this embodiment is an improvement on the structure of embodiment 1, and the improvement is: the combined tower cylinder 1 vertically penetrates through all steel pipes 2, the steel pipes 2 are surrounded by the pipe shell A and the pipe shell B, the pipe shell A and the pipe shell B clamp a cylinder body of the combined tower cylinder 1 through fasteners, or one side, opposite to the pipe shell A and the pipe shell B, of the pipe shell A is connected with the cylinder body of the combined tower cylinder 1 in a welding mode.
As shown in fig. 5 to 6, concrete may be optionally poured into the multiple hollow steel pipes 21 to form the concrete column 8, and the rest of the structure of the present embodiment is the same as that of embodiment 1. Fig. 9a, 9B and 9c are schematic cross-sectional views of a steel tube 2, wherein the structure of fig. 9c adopts a welding process to connect the tube shells a and B with the tower 1, and the other structures adopt a fastening manner.
The installation process of the steel pipe concrete truss combined type tower cylinder of the embodiment is as follows:
(1) firstly, determining the arrangement and section size of a steel pipe, the strength of the steel pipe, the height and size of a top pure steel tower cylinder and the basic size of the tower cylinder according to the design index of specific fan equipment;
(2) completing corresponding basic design drawings and component part processing drawings, and simultaneously completing construction operation of a tower drum foundation on site and embedding work of corresponding embedded connecting pieces;
(3) in a factory, each steel pipe is divided into a plurality of sections of hollow steel pipes according to the standard of 1-100 m, each section of hollow steel pipe is longitudinally divided into a pipe shell A and a pipe shell B, and a stiffening rib 6 and a flange plate with matched shapes are welded at the end parts of each section of pipe shell A and the pipe shell B;
(4) on the site, each hollow steel pipe section to be placed at the bottom end is assembled by fasteners, and is connected and fixed with embedded parts embedded in corresponding foundations by embedded bolts, the bottom end of a prestressed anchor cable is fixed at the lower side of a fixed bottom ring, a steel bar framework and a welding stiffening rib are preset in the hollow steel pipe, then a shell of a combined tower drum which is enclosed into an annular cylinder is placed on the upper layer of the shell, adjacent shells are welded or fastened and connected, a longitudinal bar of the steel bar framework is surrounded and fixed by a semi-annular stirrup on the shell along the vertical direction, the stiffening rib is welded on the shell to connect the longitudinal bar and the shell, the steel bar framework extends upwards, then a shell A and a shell B of the hollow steel pipe section on the upper layer are connected and fixed by flanges and high-strength bolts, and the shell A and the shell B clamp the shell or directly weld the shell on the shell by fasteners, and sequentially installing each layer of steel pipe and the steel reinforcement framework from bottom to top, simultaneously enabling the prestressed anchor cable to penetrate through the steel pipe to reach the upper side of the leveling template ring and be fixed, and then performing concrete pouring and curing operation on the hollow steel pipe of the fixed steel pipe.
The improvement of this embodiment makes the tower section of thick bamboo more firm with being connected of steel pipe, the barrel can be arranged within the inscribed circle of steel pipe and outside the circumscribed circle, arrange within the inscribed circle, cross-section bending resistance coefficient is lower, bending resistance reduces, but be favorable to the anticorrosive maintenance of steel tower, arrange outside the circumscribed circle, be favorable to improving tower section of thick bamboo bending resistance, also can improve tower section of thick bamboo buckling resistance, but need more steel, this embodiment steel pipe divide into that tube A encloses with tube B, the barrel passes from between tube A and the tube B, make tube B corrosion protection ability strong, tube A and the whole package tower section of thick bamboo of tube B simultaneously, make tower section of thick bamboo hoop form wholly, consequently, need not arrange the horizontal ring roof beam that keeps all steel pipes.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 7 to 8, the present embodiment is an improvement on the structure of embodiments 1 to 2, and the improvement is: the inner periphery of the combined tower barrel 1 is provided with an intercolumnar truss 9, the truss 9 adopts an X-shaped truss structure, and the ends of the two ends of the cross truss 9 are respectively and fixedly connected to the adjacent steel pipes 2. In this embodiment, the truss 9 is installed in the tower tube 1, so that the rigidity of the tower tube 1 can be enhanced, a tube shell B for installing the steel tube 2 in the tower tube can be omitted for further saving materials, and the truss 9 is directly used, and two ends of the truss 9 are fixedly connected to one side, facing the tower tube 1, of the tube shell a of the adjacent steel tube 2.
Therefore, in the installation process of the steel pipe concrete truss combined tower cylinder of the embodiment, the truss 9 is also installed at the same time when the steel pipe concrete truss combined tower cylinder is installed layer by layer in the step (4).
Strength calculation example of tower cylinder in prior art:
1. calculating parameters
(1) Model dead weight (dead weight gravity acceleration g is 9.8-software self-calculation)
(2) Load condition
Table 1: tower top load working condition (force: KN moment KN.M)
Figure BDA0002751816350000081
Figure BDA0002751816350000091
(3) Parameters of the material
1) Steel Q345B
Modulus of elasticity: 2x1011N/m2
Mass density: 7.8x103kg/m3Poisson ratio: 0.3
2) Concrete C50
Modulus of elasticity: 3.45x1010N/m2
Mass density: 2.4x103kg/m3Poisson ratio: 0.2
2. Calculation results (finite element calculation software-abaqus 6.14)
1) Original pure steel tower cylinder
Table 2: original tower drum design parameters
Figure BDA0002751816350000092
Table 3: calculation results (Mz working condition)
Calculating an index mis stress Displacement of Frequency of
Calculation results 192MPa (bottom) 2.53m (Top) 0.24HZ
As shown in fig. 10 and 11, which are a tower mis stress cloud chart and a tower lateral displacement cloud chart, respectively, if the wall thickness is changed, if the wall thickness is thinned, the displacement is increased, the frequency is reduced, and the frequency is reduced to be below 0.2, and the resonance is caused when the frequency is close to the tower working frequency.
2) In this embodiment 1, strength calculation after concrete pouring of a tower tube is as follows:
table 4: example 1 Tower design parameters
Figure BDA0002751816350000101
Table 5: calculation results (Mz working condition)
Figure BDA0002751816350000102
Fig. 12 and 13 are respectively a stress cloud diagram and a lateral displacement cloud diagram of the tower of the embodiment 1.
And (4) conclusion:
(1) at the same frequency, the steel usage of about 600 tons is less as seen in Table 5 versus Table 4.
(2) The novel tower scheme can effectively reduce the deformation of the lateral displacement of the tower top, and when the frequency is the same, the lateral displacement in the table 5 is 1.70, which is reduced by about 30% compared with the lateral displacement 2.53 in the table 3.
(3) The novel tower drum scheme shows that the local stress is 319MPa, belongs to a stress concentration phenomenon, is positioned at the joint part with different wall thicknesses, and can be treated by adopting a structural method of layout thickening.
(4) According to the calculation example of the novel tower barrel, an intercolumnar supporting system is not adopted, and if the intercolumnar supporting system is adopted, the stress level can be further reduced, the lateral deformation of the tower barrel is reduced, and the structural mechanical property is improved.

Claims (9)

1. The combined type tower cylinder is characterized in that the combined type tower cylinder vertically connects at least three vertical steel pipes on the cross section of the tower cylinder into a whole, the steel pipes are uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the combined type tower cylinder by taking a center shaft of the combined type tower cylinder as an axis, the steel pipes can be connected with the tower cylinder by adopting a tower cylinder cross section external steel pipe or a tower cylinder cross section internal steel pipe or a tower cylinder cross section radius larger than a plurality of steel pipes and smaller than a plurality of steel pipes, and a prestressed anchor cable penetrating through the steel pipes from the top end to the bottom end is arranged in each steel pipe.
2. The steel pipe concrete truss combined type tower cylinder as claimed in claim 1, wherein the top end and the bottom end of the steel pipe are respectively provided with a leveling template ring and a fixed bottom ring, and connectors at both ends of the prestressed anchor cable respectively extend out of the leveling template ring and the fixed bottom ring.
3. The steel tube concrete truss combined tower cylinder as claimed in claim 1, wherein a steel reinforcement framework is preset in the steel tube, and the steel reinforcement framework is formed by welding a plurality of longitudinal bars evenly distributed around the axis of the steel tube and stirrups surrounding the longitudinal bars.
4. The steel tube concrete truss modular tower drum as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pre-stressed anchor cables are abutted with a guide structure in the steel tube, the guide structure is connected with the inner circumference of the steel tube, and a stiffening rib is partially arranged in the steel tube.
5. The steel tube concrete truss combined type tower cylinder as claimed in claim 4, wherein when the radius of the circular section of the tower cylinder is larger than the radius of the inscribed circle of the steel tubes and smaller than the radius of the circumscribed circle of the steel tubes, at least two groups of prestressed anchor cables penetrating through the steel tubes from top to bottom are arranged in the steel tubes, one group of the two groups of prestressed anchor cables is distributed on the inner side of the combined type tower cylinder, the other group of the two groups of prestressed anchor cables is distributed on the outer side of the combined type tower cylinder, and the lower ends of the steel tubes are fixed by extending into a foundation.
6. The steel tube concrete truss modular tower drum of claim 5, wherein the cylinder and the steel tube are connected by:
the combined tower cylinder vertically penetrates through the steel pipe, the steel pipe is formed by a pipe shell A and a pipe shell B in a surrounding mode, the pipe shell A and the pipe shell B clamp the cylinder body through a fastening piece, or one side, opposite to the pipe shell A and the pipe shell B, of the pipe shell A is connected with the cylinder body in a welding mode;
or the surface of the steel pipe is provided with a slot, and the shell is inserted into the slot and is connected with the steel pipe through a fastener or welding.
7. The steel pipe concrete truss combined tower cylinder as claimed in claim 6, wherein a truss support system between columns is installed on the inner circumference of the combined tower cylinder, the truss is in a cross-shaped, X-shaped, Z-shaped or K-shaped truss structure, and ends of two ends of the truss are respectively and fixedly connected to adjacent steel pipes.
8. The steel tube concrete truss modular tower cylinder according to claim 7, wherein the steel tube cross section comprises a circular shape or a special shape, the steel tube is in a uniform cross section or a variable cross section along the height direction, a steel tube concrete column is formed after concrete is filled in the steel tube, and the steel tube concrete column is manufactured in a prefabrication or cast-in-place mode.
9. The steel pipe concrete truss combined tower cylinder as claimed in claim 8, wherein the steel pipes are connected into a whole by multiple layers of horizontal annular rib plates or annular beams along the vertical direction of the combined tower cylinder, the horizontal annular beams are formed by assembling steel beams or annular steel pipes, and concrete is poured into the annular steel pipes.
CN202011187701.2A 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 Steel pipe concrete truss combination formula tower section of thick bamboo Pending CN112360697A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114000982A (en) * 2021-10-22 2022-02-01 袁晓世 Fan tower cylinder structure based on annular plate constitutes inside and outside cushion cap structure

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