CN112339954B - Wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft - Google Patents

Wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112339954B
CN112339954B CN202011247300.1A CN202011247300A CN112339954B CN 112339954 B CN112339954 B CN 112339954B CN 202011247300 A CN202011247300 A CN 202011247300A CN 112339954 B CN112339954 B CN 112339954B
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power
cabin
water supply
supply device
material storage
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CN112339954A (en
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王群
展铭望
隋殿杰
余长林
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Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology
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Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63GOFFENSIVE OR DEFENSIVE ARRANGEMENTS ON VESSELS; MINE-LAYING; MINE-SWEEPING; SUBMARINES; AIRCRAFT CARRIERS
    • B63G8/00Underwater vessels, e.g. submarines; Equipment specially adapted therefor
    • B63G8/001Underwater vessels adapted for special purposes, e.g. unmanned underwater vessels; Equipment specially adapted therefor, e.g. docking stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63GOFFENSIVE OR DEFENSIVE ARRANGEMENTS ON VESSELS; MINE-LAYING; MINE-SWEEPING; SUBMARINES; AIRCRAFT CARRIERS
    • B63G8/00Underwater vessels, e.g. submarines; Equipment specially adapted therefor
    • B63G8/14Control of attitude or depth
    • B63G8/16Control of attitude or depth by direct use of propellers or jets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63GOFFENSIVE OR DEFENSIVE ARRANGEMENTS ON VESSELS; MINE-LAYING; MINE-SWEEPING; SUBMARINES; AIRCRAFT CARRIERS
    • B63G8/00Underwater vessels, e.g. submarines; Equipment specially adapted therefor
    • B63G8/38Arrangement of visual or electronic watch equipment, e.g. of periscopes, of radar
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63GOFFENSIVE OR DEFENSIVE ARRANGEMENTS ON VESSELS; MINE-LAYING; MINE-SWEEPING; SUBMARINES; AIRCRAFT CARRIERS
    • B63G8/00Underwater vessels, e.g. submarines; Equipment specially adapted therefor
    • B63G8/001Underwater vessels adapted for special purposes, e.g. unmanned underwater vessels; Equipment specially adapted therefor, e.g. docking stations
    • B63G2008/002Underwater vessels adapted for special purposes, e.g. unmanned underwater vessels; Equipment specially adapted therefor, e.g. docking stations unmanned

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Aviation & Aerospace Engineering (AREA)
  • Radar, Positioning & Navigation (AREA)
  • Toys (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft, which comprises a cabin body, a water supply device and a control module, wherein the cabin body is provided with a water inlet and a water outlet; the water supply device comprises a first water supply device and a second water supply device; the cabin body sequentially comprises a first power reaction cabin, a first power material storage cabin, a central pressurizing cabin, a second power material storage cabin and a second power reaction cabin from right to left; a first water supply device is fixedly arranged on the first power reaction cabin, and a second water supply device is fixedly arranged on the second power reaction cabin; the first power reaction cabin is provided with 2 jet rotary propellers, and the second power reaction cabin is provided with 2 jet rotary propellers; the control module is fixed on the cabin body. The underwater unmanned vehicle can well execute tasks such as sea patrol reconnaissance, marine relay communication, polluted water area monitoring and the like, and has stronger environment self-adaption capability, better maneuverability and higher safety.

Description

Wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of underwater robots, in particular to a wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft.
Background
The seabed world contains a great deal of energy and abundant resources, and plays an important role in understanding the world and social development of human beings. The intelligent underwater vehicle is an underwater vehicle carried by airplanes, surface ships, submarines and the like, has the main functions of searching, rescuing and autonomously executing ocean exploration, and can also be carried by detectors, underwater prefabricated weapons, mines and the like, can autonomously complete a series of tasks, is widely valued by all countries in the world at present, and is an effective tool for modern society to realize the ocean and develop and utilize the ocean.
At present, most of intelligent underwater vehicles adopt lead-acid batteries, alkaline batteries or lithium batteries and the like for energy supply, and once the batteries have problems, the vehicles cannot normally operate; in addition, when the submersible performs underwater tasks with high maneuverability, endurance is often reduced, underwater working time is reduced, performance indexes of the submersible are affected, and in order to improve stability of the autonomous underwater vehicle, achieve capability conversion, achieve the purposes of autonomous power generation and autonomous operation, normal operation can be guaranteed, and the effect of energy saving can be achieved, a novel intelligent unmanned autonomous underwater vehicle needs to be designed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing an intelligent unmanned underwater vehicle with wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion. The underwater unmanned vehicle combines the traditional idea with the self-sufficient design mode, so that the underwater vehicle has two modes of manual control and automatic kinetic energy generation running, the vehicle can be propelled forwards and backwards and can be static underwater, the underwater vehicle can rotate spirally by jetting the rotary propeller, and the advancing direction of the underwater vehicle can be controlled more stably. The underwater vehicle has stronger environment self-adaption capability, better maneuverability and higher safety; the underwater vehicle can well execute tasks such as sea patrol and reconnaissance, marine relay communication, marine environment investigation, polluted water area monitoring and the like, and has strong environment self-adaption capability, good maneuverability and high safety.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft comprises a cabin body, a water supply device and a control module; the water supply device comprises a first water supply device and a second water supply device;
the cabin body sequentially comprises a first power reaction cabin, a first power material storage cabin, a central pressurizing cabin, a second power material storage cabin and a second power reaction cabin from right to left; a first water supply device is fixedly arranged on the first power reaction cabin, and a second water supply device is fixedly arranged on the second power reaction cabin;
the first power reaction cabin is separated from the first power material storage cabin by a partition plate, and power materials in the first power material storage cabin can enter the first power reaction cabin; a jet thrust reverser is arranged on the right central bulkhead of the first power reaction cabin; the second power reaction cabin is separated from the second power material storage cabin by a partition plate, and power materials in the second power material storage cabin can enter the second power reaction cabin; a jet propeller is arranged on the left central bulkhead of the second power reaction cabin;
an electric cylinder, a first connecting rod, a first piston, a second connecting rod and a second piston are arranged in the central pressurizing cabin; the right side of the electric cylinder is fixed on a first piston through a first connecting rod, and the first piston props against power materials in a first power material storage cabin; the left side of the electric cylinder is fixed on a second piston through a second connecting rod, and the second piston props against power materials in a second power material storage cabin;
the first power reaction cabin is provided with at least 2 jet rotary propellers, and the second power reaction cabin is provided with at least 2 jet rotary propellers; the central axis of the outlet of the jet rotary propeller and the central axis of the cabin body form an included angle of 10-40 degrees; the jet rotary propeller comprises a main propelling pipe, an auxiliary propelling pipe and a jet amplifying ring; the jet amplifying ring comprises an outer ring and an inner ring;
the control module is fixed on the cabin body.
In one embodiment, the tail end of the main propelling pipe is provided with at least 3 auxiliary propelling pipes uniformly arranged on the circumference in a diffusing way; the outlet of the auxiliary propelling pipe leads to the jet amplifying ring.
In one embodiment, the outlet of the secondary propulsion pipe is bent such that the outlet direction is 40 to 90 degrees away from the central axis of the secondary propulsion pipe.
In one embodiment, the first power material storage compartment comprises a first power material outlet valve; the first power material outlet valve is positioned on the partition plate between the first power material storage cabin and the first power reaction cabin and extends into the first power reaction cabin; the first power material storage cabin is filled with power materials; the second power material storage compartment comprises a second power material outlet valve; the second power material outlet valve is positioned on the partition plate between the second power material storage cabin and the second power reaction cabin and extends into the second power reaction cabin; and the second power material storage cabin is filled with power materials.
In one embodiment, the first and second motive material outlet valves are one-way valves.
In one embodiment, the power material is a substance that reacts with water and produces gas and/or energy.
In a preferred embodiment, the power material is selected from a gel-like liquid formed by sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder and kerosene or other non-reactive oil substances. The power material in the material cabin is a gel liquid formed by sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder and kerosene or other non-reactive oil substances, the sodium metal particles or the sodium metal powder are uniformly suspended in the medium, and are sprayed into the reaction cabin through a power material outlet valve at the rear part of the material cabin to react with water to generate gas and/or energy which is used as the motion energy of the underwater vehicle.
In one embodiment, the first water supply device is connected with the first power reaction cabin; the first water supply device comprises a first water supply pump, a first filter and a first water inlet one-way valve; the first water supply pump is arranged in the first water supply device; the first filter is arranged at the lower part of the first water supply device; the first water inlet one-way valve is used for connecting the first water supply device and the first power reaction cabin; the second water supply device is connected with the second power reaction cabin; the second water supply device comprises a second water supply pump, a second filter and a second water inlet one-way valve; the second water supply pump is arranged in the second water supply device; the second filter is arranged at the lower part of the second water supply device; and the second water inlet one-way valve is used for connecting the second water supply device with the second power reaction cabin.
In one embodiment, the control module comprises an environment sensor, a depth sensor, a temperature sensor, a controller, a main control board, an energy management board, a radio station component, a positioning module, an attitude sensor module, an electronic compass module and a battery; the environment sensor, the depth sensor, the temperature sensor, the controller, the main control panel, the energy management panel, the radio station component, the positioning module, the attitude sensor module, the electronic compass module and the battery are all arranged in the control module component.
Any range recited herein is intended to include the endpoints and any number between the endpoints and any subrange subsumed therein or defined therein.
The starting materials of the present invention are commercially available, unless otherwise specified, and the equipment used in the present invention may be any equipment conventionally used in the art or may be any equipment known in the art.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the underwater unmanned vehicle combines the traditional concept with the self-sufficient design mode, so that the underwater vehicle has two modes of manual control and automatic kinetic energy generation running, the vehicle can be propelled forwards and backwards and can be still underwater, the underwater vehicle is enabled to rotate spirally by jetting the rotary propeller, and the advancing direction of the underwater vehicle can be controlled more stably. The underwater vehicle has stronger environment self-adaption capability, better maneuverability and higher safety; the underwater vehicle can well execute tasks such as sea patrol and reconnaissance, marine relay communication, marine environment investigation, polluted water area monitoring and the like, and has strong environment self-adaption capability, good maneuverability and high safety.
Drawings
The following detailed description of embodiments of the invention is provided in connection with the accompanying drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an intelligent unmanned underwater vehicle as described in the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of an intelligent unmanned underwater vehicle as described in the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of an intelligent unmanned underwater vehicle as described in the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic rear view of an intelligent unmanned underwater vehicle according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a front view of the jet rotary propeller according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a side view of the jet rotary propeller of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a perspective view of the jet rotary propeller according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to more clearly illustrate the invention, the invention is further described below in connection with preferred embodiments. It is to be understood by persons skilled in the art that the following detailed description is illustrative and not restrictive, and is not to be taken as limiting the scope of the invention.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" or "disposed on" another element, it can be directly on the other element or be indirectly on the other element. When an element is referred to as being "connected to" another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or be indirectly connected to the other element.
It will be understood that the terms "length," "width," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like, as used herein, refer to an orientation or positional relationship indicated in the drawings that is solely for the purpose of facilitating the description and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and is therefore not to be construed as limiting the invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, as one aspect of the present invention, an intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle of wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type according to the present invention includes a cabin 1, a water supply device 2 and a control module 4; the water supply device 2 comprises a first water supply device 210 and a second water supply device 220;
the cabin body 1 comprises a first power reaction cabin 110, a first power material storage cabin 120, a central pressurizing cabin 130, a second power material storage cabin 140 and a second power reaction cabin 150 from right to left in sequence; a first water supply device 210 is fixedly arranged on the first power reaction cabin 110, and a second water supply device 220 is fixedly arranged on the second power reaction cabin 150;
the first power reaction cabin 110 and the first power material storage cabin 120 are separated by a partition plate, and power materials 121 in the first power material storage cabin 120 can enter the first power reaction cabin 110; a jet thrust reverser 111 is arranged on the right central bulkhead of the first power reaction cabin 110; the second power reaction cabin 150 and the second power material storage cabin 140 are separated by a partition plate, and the power material 141 in the second power material storage cabin 140 can enter the second power reaction cabin 150; a jet propeller 151 is arranged on the left central bulkhead of the second power reaction cabin 150; the jet reverser 111 and jet thruster 151 are arranged so that the aircraft can propel in forward and reverse directions;
an electric cylinder 131, a first connecting rod 132, a first piston 133, a second connecting rod 134 and a second piston 135 are arranged in the central pressurizing cabin 130; the right side of the electric cylinder 131 is fixed on a first piston 133 through a first connecting rod 132, and the first piston 133 props against the power material 121 in the first power material storage cabin 120; the left side of the electric cylinder 131 is fixed on a second piston 135 through a second connecting rod 134, and the second piston 135 props against the power material 141 in a second power material storage cabin 140;
referring to fig. 1, 5, 6 and 7, the first power reaction chamber 110 is provided with 1 jet rotary propeller 5 respectively above and below the circumference thereof, and the second power reaction chamber 150 is provided with 1 jet rotary propeller 5 respectively above and below the circumference thereof; the central axis of the outlet of the jet rotary propeller 5 forms an included angle of 10-40 degrees with the central axis of the cabin body; the jet rotary propeller 5 includes a main propeller pipe 51, an auxiliary propeller pipe 52, and a jet amplifying ring 53; the jet amplifying ring 53 includes an outer ring 531 and an inner ring 532; in the invention, because the central axis of the outlet of the jet rotary propeller 5 forms an included angle of 10-40 degrees with the central axis of the cabin body, when the reaction force in the direction of the jetted water flow is applied to the cabin body, the cabin body rotates gradually, so that the aircraft can keep stable rotary advancing under the impact of seawater;
the control module 4 is fixed on the cabin 1.
In some embodiments, referring to fig. 5 and 6, the end of the main propulsion pipe 51 is divided into 6 auxiliary propulsion pipes 52 uniformly arranged on the circumference; the outlet 521 of the secondary propulsion pipe 52 opens into the jet amplification ring 53.
Referring to fig. 7, in some embodiments, the outlet 521 of the secondary propulsion pipe 52 is curved such that the outlet 521 is oriented at an angle of 40-90 degrees away from the central axis of the secondary propulsion pipe 52. When the reaction force in the water flow direction sprayed by the bent outlet is applied to the cabin body, the cabin body can be further helped to rotate gradually, so that the aircraft can keep stable rotating and advancing under the impact of seawater.
Referring to FIG. 1, in one embodiment, the first storage tank 120 includes a first motive material outlet valve 122; the first kinetic outlet valve 122 is located on the partition between the first kinetic storage compartment 120 and the first kinetic reaction compartment 110 and extends into the first kinetic reaction compartment 110; the first power material storage cabin 120 is filled with power materials 121; the second storage tank 140 includes a second motive material outlet valve 142; the second kinetic material outlet valve 142 is positioned on a partition between the second kinetic material storage compartment 140 and the second kinetic reaction compartment 150 and extends into the second kinetic reaction compartment 150; the second power material storage cabin 140 is filled with power materials 141.
In one embodiment, the first and second motive material outlet valves 122, 142 are one-way valves.
In one embodiment, the power material 121, 141 is a substance that reacts with water and produces gas and/or energy.
In a preferred embodiment, the power material 121, 141 is selected from a gel-like liquid of sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder with kerosene or other non-reactive oil-like substances. The power material in the material cabin is a gel liquid formed by sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder and kerosene or other non-reactive oil substances, the sodium metal particles or the sodium metal powder are uniformly suspended in the medium, and are sprayed into the reaction cabin through a power material outlet valve at the rear part of the material cabin to react with water to generate gas and/or energy which is used as the motion energy of the underwater vehicle.
Referring to fig. 3, in one embodiment, the first water supply device 210 is connected to the first power reaction chamber 110; the first water supply device 210 comprises a first water supply pump 211, a first filter 212 and a first water inlet one-way valve 213; the first water supply pump 211 is installed within the first water supply unit 210; the first filter 212 is installed at the lower part of the first water supply device 210; the first water inlet check valve 213 is used for connecting the first water supply device 210 and the first power reaction cabin 110; the second water supply device 220 is connected with the second power reaction cabin 150; the second water supply device 220 comprises a second water supply pump 221, a second filter 222 and a second water inlet check valve 223; the second water supply pump 221 is installed within the second water supply device 220; the second filter 222 is installed at the lower part of the second water supply device 220; the second water inlet check valve 223 is used for connecting the second water supply device 220 with the second power reaction chamber 150.
In one embodiment, the control module 4 comprises an environment sensor, a depth sensor, a temperature sensor, a controller, a main control board, an energy management board, a radio station component, a positioning module, an attitude sensor module, an electronic compass module and a battery; the environment sensor, the depth sensor, the temperature sensor, the controller, the main control panel, the energy management panel, the radio station component, the positioning module, the attitude sensor module, the electronic compass module and the battery are all arranged in the control module component.
The working principle of the wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle is as follows:
referring to fig. 1 to 7, the underwater unmanned vehicle of the present invention has no initial power, can be carried by surface ships, submarines, airplanes, etc., and transmits the power to a predetermined position when in use, and receives an instruction through an environment sensor in a control module 4; opening a one-way valve 142 between the second power reaction cabin 150 and the second power material storage cabin 140, wherein the power material 141, namely the sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder and kerosene or other non-reactive gel-like liquid of oil substances, is filled in the second power material storage cabin 140; when the underwater unmanned vehicle continuously advances, the electric cylinder 131 drives the second connecting rod 134 and then drives the second piston 135 to extrude the power material 141 in the second power material storage bin 140 to be sprayed into the second power reaction bin 150 through the power material outlet valve 142, the interior of the second power reaction bin 150 is communicated with the second water inlet check valve 223 through the second water supply pump 220, so that water enters the second power reaction bin 150, is mixed with the power material 141 entering from the second power material storage bin 140 to react, releases gas, and generates a large amount of pressure, at this time, the jet propeller 151 and the jet rotary propeller 5 are opened, so that the gas-water mixed liquid is sprayed outwards through the jet propeller 151 and the jet rotary propeller 5, the underwater vehicle is pushed to advance and rotate, and the underwater vehicle can also rapidly ascend and descend. And the process is circulated, so that the underwater vehicle has continuous advancing power even without external force. After the reaction takes place in the second power reaction compartment 150 to produce gas and pressure, the jet propulsion 151 is turned off, which slows the aircraft.
Opening a one-way valve 122 between the first power reaction cabin 110 and the first power material storage cabin 120, wherein the power material 121, namely the sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder and kerosene or other non-reactive gel-like liquid of oil substances, is filled in the first power material storage cabin 120; when the underwater unmanned vehicle continuously advances, the electric cylinder 131 drives the first connecting rod 132 and then drives the first piston 133 to extrude the power material 121 in the first power material storage bin 120 to be sprayed into the first power reaction chamber 110 through the power material outlet valve 122, the interior of the first power reaction chamber 110 is communicated with the first water inlet one-way valve 213 through the first water supply pump 211, so that water enters the first power reaction chamber 110, is mixed with the power material 121 entering from the first power material storage bin 120 to react, releases gas, and generates a large amount of pressure, at this time, the jet thrust reverser 111 is opened, so that the gas-water mixed liquid is sprayed outwards through the jet thrust reverser 111 and the jet rotary propeller 5, the speed and the rotation of the underwater vehicle are rapidly pushed, and the process is circulated, so that the underwater vehicle has power for continuously decelerating and rotating even without external force. After the reaction in the first power reaction chamber 110 to generate gas and pressure, the jet reverser 111 and the jet rotary propeller 5 are closed, so that the aircraft can stop decelerating and rotating.
The control module 4 adjusts the state, the forward speed, the backward speed, the up-down floating speed and the information transmission function of the underwater vehicle by means of an environment sensor, a depth sensor, a temperature sensor, a controller, a main control board, an energy management board, a radio station component, a positioning module, an attitude sensor module, an electronic compass module and a battery.
The invention can realize autonomous power supply navigation by repeating the process, greatly saves energy, and can take tasks of sea patrol reconnaissance, marine relay communication and the like.
The underwater vehicle has two modes of manual control and automatic kinetic energy generation, can perform tasks such as sea patrol and reconnaissance, marine relay communication, marine environment investigation, polluted water area monitoring and the like an unmanned surface boat during underwater navigation, and has strong environment self-adaption capability, good maneuverability and high safety.
It should be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely examples for clearly illustrating the present invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the present invention. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. Not all embodiments are exhaustive. All obvious changes and modifications which are obvious to the technical scheme of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a no wing electric positive and negative two-way extrusion screw propulsion type intelligence unmanned underwater vehicle which characterized in that: comprises a cabin body, a water supply device and a control module; the water supply device comprises a first water supply device and a second water supply device;
the cabin body sequentially comprises a first power reaction cabin, a first power material storage cabin, a central pressurizing cabin, a second power material storage cabin and a second power reaction cabin from right to left; a first water supply device is fixedly arranged on the first power reaction cabin, and a second water supply device is fixedly arranged on the second power reaction cabin;
the first power reaction cabin is separated from the first power material storage cabin by a partition plate, and power materials in the first power material storage cabin can enter the first power reaction cabin; a jet thrust reverser is arranged on the right central bulkhead of the first power reaction cabin; the second power reaction cabin is separated from the second power material storage cabin by a partition plate, and power materials in the second power material storage cabin can enter the second power reaction cabin; a jet propeller is arranged on the left central bulkhead of the second power reaction cabin;
an electric cylinder, a first connecting rod, a first piston, a second connecting rod and a second piston are arranged in the central pressurizing cabin; the right side of the electric cylinder is fixed on a first piston through a first connecting rod, and the first piston props against power materials in a first power material storage cabin; the left side of the electric cylinder is fixed on a second piston through a second connecting rod, and the second piston props against power materials in a second power material storage cabin;
the first power reaction cabin is provided with at least 2 jet rotary propellers, and the second power reaction cabin is provided with at least 2 jet rotary propellers; the central axis of the outlet of the jet rotary propeller and the central axis of the cabin body form an included angle of 10-40 degrees; the jet rotary propeller comprises a main propelling pipe, an auxiliary propelling pipe and a jet amplifying ring; the jet amplifying ring comprises an outer ring and an inner ring;
the control module is fixed on the cabin body.
2. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the tail end of the main propelling pipe is respectively provided with at least 3 auxiliary propelling pipes uniformly arranged on the circumference in an outward diffusion mode; the outlet of the auxiliary propelling pipe leads to the jet amplifying ring.
3. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the outlet of the auxiliary propelling pipe is arranged in a bending mode, and the direction of the outlet deviates from the central axis of the auxiliary propelling pipe by 40-90 degrees.
4. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the first power material storage compartment includes a first power material outlet valve; the first power material outlet valve is positioned on the partition plate between the first power material storage cabin and the first power reaction cabin and extends into the first power reaction cabin; the first power material storage cabin is filled with power materials; the second power material storage compartment comprises a second power material outlet valve; the second power material outlet valve is positioned on the partition plate between the second power material storage cabin and the second power reaction cabin and extends into the second power reaction cabin; and the second power material storage cabin is filled with power materials.
5. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the first power material outlet valve and the second power material outlet valve are one-way valves.
6. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the power material is a substance that reacts with water and generates gas and/or energy.
7. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the power material is selected from a gelatinous liquid formed by sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder and kerosene or other non-reactive oil substances; the power materials in the first power material storage cabin and the second power material storage cabin are gel-like liquid formed by sodium metal particles or sodium metal powder and kerosene or other non-reactive oil substances, the sodium metal particles or the sodium metal powder are uniformly suspended in the kerosene or other non-reactive oil substances, and are sprayed into the first power reaction cabin and the second power material storage cabin through a first power material outlet valve at the rear part of the first power material storage cabin, and then are sprayed into the second power reaction cabin to react with water, so that gas and/or energy are generated and serve as motion energy of the underwater vehicle.
8. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the first water supply device is connected with the first power reaction cabin; the first water supply device comprises a first water supply pump, a first filter and a first water inlet one-way valve; the first water supply pump is arranged in the first water supply device; the first filter is arranged at the lower part of the first water supply device; the first water inlet one-way valve is used for connecting the first water supply device and the first power reaction cabin; the second water supply device is connected with the second power reaction cabin; the second water supply device comprises a second water supply pump, a second filter and a second water inlet one-way valve; the second water supply pump is arranged in the second water supply device; the second filter is arranged at the lower part of the second water supply device; and the second water inlet one-way valve is used for connecting the second water supply device with the second power reaction cabin.
9. The wingless electric forward and backward bidirectional extrusion screw propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the control module comprises an environment sensor, a depth sensor, a temperature sensor, a controller, a main control board, an energy management board, a radio station component, a positioning module, an attitude sensor module, an electronic compass module and a battery; the environment sensor, the depth sensor, the temperature sensor, the controller, the main control panel, the energy management panel, the radio station component, the positioning module, the attitude sensor module, the electronic compass module and the battery are all arranged in the control module component.
CN202011247300.1A 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 Wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft Active CN112339954B (en)

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CN202011247300.1A CN112339954B (en) 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 Wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft

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CN202011247300.1A CN112339954B (en) 2020-11-10 2020-11-10 Wingless electric forward and reverse bidirectional extrusion spiral propulsion type intelligent underwater unmanned aircraft

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CN112339954B true CN112339954B (en) 2022-04-29

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JPH09138099A (en) * 1995-11-13 1997-05-27 Japan Steel Works Ltd:The Voyaging method for underwater jet voyager and engine
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