CN112281430A - 一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机 - Google Patents

一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机 Download PDF

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CN112281430A
CN112281430A CN202010998916.6A CN202010998916A CN112281430A CN 112281430 A CN112281430 A CN 112281430A CN 202010998916 A CN202010998916 A CN 202010998916A CN 112281430 A CN112281430 A CN 112281430A
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air
pipe
heat
drying
telescopic rod
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朱世权
叶鹏涛
张业强
吕若涵
金听祥
程传晓
钟佳敏
王梦源
宁江梅
李清源
滕梓元
吴柯
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Zhengzhou University of Light Industry
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
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Abstract

本发明提出了一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机,包括安装在墙外的空气加热装置和安装在室内的空气处理装置、中央控制面板、烘干存放装置,所述空气加热装置与所述空气处理装置连接,将加热后的空气经所述空气处理装置处理后送入到烘干存放装置内;所述中央控制面板实时检测空气质量并对整个装置的电气部分进行控制。其有益效果是:本系统与太阳能光热光电系统,智能温控及感光系统,与自动伸缩系统相结合,无需外界供电,节能环保,安全性能高,可以在家庭电路辅助供电的情况下夜间进行烘衣,不受时间和空间的限制,操作简单易懂,适用于各个年龄段,并且费用低,耗能少。

Description

一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机
技术领域
本发明涉及一种烘衣机,特别是指一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机。
背景技术
针对于国内南方区域易于潮湿、北方区域时有雾霾,衣物在室外晾晒存在板结等现象;冬季气温较低,晾晒衣物很费时间的现状,环境因素、市场因素等为衣物烘干创新发展提出了新挑战。
现有的智能烘衣系统,需要在没有雾霾的情况下使用,若空气污染严重,使用此烘衣机时会面临着衣物损伤的风险,同时雾霾中的颗粒物会进入烘衣装置,可能导致装置污染,损坏烘衣系统,也会污染室内气,对人们生活造成一定影响。
发明内容
本发明为解决现有技术中存在的问题,提出一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机。
本发明的技术方案是这样实现的:
一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机,包括安装在墙外的空气加热装置和安装在室内的空气处理装置、中央控制面板、烘干存放装置,所述空气加热装置与所述空气处理装置连接,将加热后的空气经所述空气处理装置处理后送入到烘干存放装置内;所述中央控制面板实时检测空气质量并对整个装置的电气部分进行控制;
所述空气加热装置包括太阳能集热箱、太阳能发电板,所述太阳能发电板设置在所述太阳能集热箱的前侧,所述太阳能发电板所发的电存储在电瓶中为装置供电,在所述太阳能集热箱的背部设置有旋转枢纽,所述旋转枢纽的另一端与空心伸缩杆一连接,所述空心伸缩杆一后部还与空心伸缩杆二连接且在所述空心伸缩杆二滑动,在所述空心伸缩杆一和所述空心伸缩杆二内还设有保温伸缩波纹管;在所述空心伸缩杆一前端的下部开设有开孔,保温管一从所述开孔深入到所述空心伸缩杆一内并与所述保温伸缩波纹管连通,所述保温管一另一端与所述太阳能集热箱后部的出气口连接;
所述空气处理装置包括转弯接头、干燥管、保温管二、风扇管、三通阀、保温软管,所述转弯接头前端与所述空心伸缩杆二内所述保温伸缩波纹管连接,所述转弯接头后端依次与所述干燥管、所述保温管二、所述风扇管、所述三通阀、所述保温软管依次连接,在所述干燥管内设有干燥清新剂,在所述风扇管内设置有动力风扇和辅助加热丝,在与所述风扇管的连接的所述三通阀接口内设有温度传感器和湿度传感器,所述三通阀的两个接口分别与所述风扇管、所述保温软管,另一个接口设置出气管一,所述出气管一的出气口位于室外;
所述烘干存放装置包括柜体,所述柜体分为烘衣箱和存衣箱,在所述烘衣箱底部设置有进气管、储水器,在所述进气管的出气端处设有分气罩,所述空气处理装置的所述保温软管与所述进气管的进气端连接,在所述烘衣箱上部还设有出气管二,所述出气管二的出气口也位于室外。
进一步,所述太阳能集热箱为螺旋式加热集热箱,且在其表面设置吸热蒙皮,在所述太阳能集热装置的下侧还设置进气口,在所述进气口处设置滤网。
进一步,所述烘衣箱顶部为尖柜顶,且在所述烘衣箱内设置多个导水槽,导水槽与所述储水器连接。
进一步,所述柜体采用玻璃材质。
有益效果是:本系统与太阳能光热光电系统,智能温控及感光系统,与自动伸缩系统相结合,无需外界供电,节能环保,安全性能高,可以在家庭电路辅助供电的情况下夜间进行烘衣,不受时间和空间的限制,操作简单易懂,适用于各个年龄段,并且费用低,耗能少。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。
图1为本发明的结构示意图;
图2为空气加热装置的结构示意图;
图3为空气加热装置的进气口的结构示意图;
图4为空气处理装置的结构示意图;
图5为空气处理装置的爆炸图;
图6为烘干存放装置的结构示意图;
图7为烘干存放装置的内部结构图。
具体实施方式
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有付出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
如图1~图7所示一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机,包括安装在墙外的空气加热装置1和安装在室内的空气处理装置2、中央控制面板3、烘干存放装置4,空气加热装置1与空气处理装置2连接,将加热后的空气经空气处理装置2处理后送入到烘干存放装置4内;中央控制面板3实时检测空气质量并对整个装置的电气部分进行控制。
空气加热装置1包括太阳能集热箱11、太阳能发电板12,太阳能发电板12设置在太阳能集热箱11的前侧,太阳能发电板12所发的电存储在电瓶中为装置供电,在太阳能集热箱11的背部设置有旋转枢纽13,旋转枢纽13的另一端与空心伸缩杆一14连接,空心伸缩杆一14后部还与空心伸缩杆二15连接且在空心伸缩杆二15滑动,在空心伸缩杆一14和空心伸缩杆二15内还设有保温伸缩波纹管16;在空心伸缩杆一14前端的下部开设有开孔,保温管一17从开孔深入到空心伸缩杆一14内并与保温伸缩波纹管16连通,保温管一17另一端与太阳能集热箱11后部的出气口连接,太阳能集热箱11为螺旋式加热集热箱,且在其表面设置吸热蒙皮,在太阳能集热装置的下侧还设置进气口,在进气口处设置滤网18。
空气处理装置2包括转弯接头21、干燥管22、保温管二23、风扇管24、三通阀25、保温软管26,转弯接头21前端与空心伸缩杆二15内保温伸缩波纹管16连接,转弯接头21后端依次与干燥管22、保温管二23、风扇管24、三通阀25、保温软管26依次连接,在干燥管22内设有干燥清新剂,在风扇管24内设置有动力风扇和辅助加热丝,在与风扇管24的连接的三通阀25接口内设有温度传感器和湿度传感器,三通阀25的两个接口分别与风扇管24、保温软管26,另一个接口设置出气管一27,出气管一27的出气口位于室外;
烘干存放装置4包括柜体47,柜体47采用玻璃材质,柜体分为烘衣箱41和存衣箱42,在烘衣箱41底部设置有进气管43、储水器44,在进气管43的出气端处设有分气罩45,空气处理装置2的保温软管26与进气管43的进气端连接,在烘衣箱41上部还设有出气管二46,出气管二46的出气口也位于室外。
烘衣箱41顶部为尖柜顶,且在烘衣箱内设置多个导水槽,导水槽与储水器44连接。
空气加热装置1在墙体外接受太阳光照加热空气并发电,空气处理装置2及中央控制面板3在室内对空气进行干燥除味以及检验,将优质空气送往衣物烘干存放装置4,中央控制面板3可实时监测空气质量并且控制和管理装置;衣物烘干存放装置4接受处理过后的空气对衣物进行烘干、存放,将废气排出装置,对水蒸气冷凝的水滴进行收集和吸收。
两块太阳能发电板12安装在太阳能集热箱11前,可自动或通过中央控制面板3伸缩,所发的电储存在电瓶中,为整个装置提供电能;太阳能集热箱11内置螺旋式加热空间,增大空气加热时间,前方蒙有吸热材料,吸收太阳能加热空气,下方开有进气口,后方正中央开有出气口;保温管一17一端接在太阳能集热箱11后方正中央的出气口,一端穿过带孔的空心伸缩杆一14下方接保温伸缩波纹管16,将加热后的空气送往空气处理装置2及中央控制面板3进行处理;旋转枢纽13圆盘端接太阳能集热箱11,使得光热光电空气加热装置1可以上下调节方向,轴端插在带孔的空心伸缩杆一14前端孔内,使得光热光电空气加热装置1可以左右调节方向,装置可根据阳光条件自动调节合适的角度充分吸收阳光;带孔的空心伸缩杆一14与空心伸缩杆二15可前后调节,内置保温伸缩波纹管16方便其前后伸缩,遇到雷雨天气或晚上可自动缩回防护顶;空心伸缩杆二14嵌在墙体内,作伸缩臂和保温伸缩波纹管16的保护装置;滤网27装在太阳能集热箱11下方的进气口,防止空气中的大颗粒物进入装置。
中央控制面板3可装在室内任意位置,可实时监控空气质量、控制光热光电空气加热装置1伸缩和调整角度、开关机器、设置烘衣时间和热空气标准、查看衣物烘干存放装置内水蒸气含量等等; 干燥管22内的干燥清新剂实现对空气的干燥和除味,可定期更换热风扇为整个装置的空气提供动力,且内置电热丝可以对空气进行辅助加热;空气三通阀25上接口内置温湿度传感器,配合中央控制面板3筛选符合条件的干燥热空气送入保温软管26进入C衣物烘干存放装置4,不符合设置条件的排出室外;转弯接头21、保温管17、保温软管26无特殊作用,仅导流空气。
出气管一27可将废气排出到室外,且内置温湿度传感器,可在中央控制面板3中显示衣柜内的水蒸气含量和温度,实时监控烘衣进程;储水器44可接收烘衣过程中冷凝的水滴;进气管43将合格的热空气送入左边的烘衣箱;分气罩45用来缓冲气体,使热空气均匀缓速通入;晾衣杆48用来挂衣物;柜体分为两部分:存衣箱42、烘衣箱41,存衣箱42为右边平柜顶的部分,分有两个隔间,左边的隔间内有晾衣杆48可悬挂衣物,右边的隔间有分层可叠放衣物;烘衣箱41为左边尖柜顶的部分,尖型柜顶有助于水蒸气冷凝后流入四周的导水槽,进而流到储水器44,柜底有吸水垫49可吸收水蒸气和小水滴,柜体采用玻璃材质,既美观大方,又利于水蒸气凝结。
此装置可根据设置的程序在阳光充足的条件下自动伸缩调整受光角度,产生符合条件的干燥热空气对衣物进行烘干,在检测水蒸气含量达到一定条件下自动关闭装置。且在夜晚和雷雨天气下空气加热装置1自动缩回防护顶,采用已经用太阳能发的电烘干衣物,也可以采用室内家用辅助用电的模式烘干衣物。此发明节能环保,使用户或得更好的生活体验。
以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (4)

1.一种光热光电分体式自动烘衣机,其特征在于,包括安装在墙外的空气加热装置和安装在室内的空气处理装置、中央控制面板、烘干存放装置,所述空气加热装置与所述空气处理装置连接,将加热后的空气经所述空气处理装置处理后送入到烘干存放装置内;所述中央控制面板实时检测空气质量并对整个装置的电气部分进行控制;
所述空气加热装置包括太阳能集热箱、太阳能发电板,所述太阳能发电板设置在所述太阳能集热箱的前侧,所述太阳能发电板所发的电存储在电瓶中为装置供电,在所述太阳能集热箱的背部设置有旋转枢纽,所述旋转枢纽的另一端与空心伸缩杆一连接,所述空心伸缩杆一后部还与空心伸缩杆二连接且在所述空心伸缩杆二滑动,在所述空心伸缩杆一和所述空心伸缩杆二内还设有保温伸缩波纹管;在所述空心伸缩杆一前端的下部开设有开孔,保温管一从所述开孔深入到所述空心伸缩杆一内并与所述保温伸缩波纹管连通,所述保温管一另一端与所述太阳能集热箱后部的出气口连接;
所述空气处理装置包括转弯接头、干燥管、保温管二、风扇管、三通阀、保温软管,所述转弯接头前端与所述空心伸缩杆二内所述保温伸缩波纹管连接,所述转弯接头后端依次与所述干燥管、所述保温管二、所述风扇管、所述三通阀、所述保温软管依次连接,在所述干燥管内设有干燥清新剂,在所述风扇管内设置有动力风扇和辅助加热丝,在与所述风扇管的连接的所述三通阀接口内设有温度传感器和湿度传感器,所述三通阀的两个接口分别与所述风扇管、所述保温软管,另一个接口设置出气管一,所述出气管一的出气口位于室外;
所述烘干存放装置包括柜体,所述柜体分为烘衣箱和存衣箱,在所述烘衣箱底部设置有进气管、储水器,在所述进气管的出气端处设有分气罩,所述空气处理装置的所述保温软管与所述进气管的进气端连接,在所述烘衣箱上部还设有出气管二,所述出气管二的出气口也位于室外。
2.根据权利要求1所述的光热光电分体式自动烘衣机,其特征在于:所述太阳能集热箱为螺旋式加热集热箱,且在其表面设置吸热蒙皮,在所述太阳能集热装置的下侧还设置进气口,在所述进气口处设置滤网。
3.根据权利要求1所述的光热光电分体式自动烘衣机,其特征在于:所述烘衣箱顶部为尖柜顶,且在所述烘衣箱内设置多个导水槽,导水槽与所述储水器连接。
4.根据权利要求1所述的光热光电分体式自动烘衣机,其特征在于:所述柜体采用玻璃材质。
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