CN112247725A - Ceramic knife back grinding machine - Google Patents

Ceramic knife back grinding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112247725A
CN112247725A CN202011227349.0A CN202011227349A CN112247725A CN 112247725 A CN112247725 A CN 112247725A CN 202011227349 A CN202011227349 A CN 202011227349A CN 112247725 A CN112247725 A CN 112247725A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
moving platform
grinding wheel
machine
cutter
knife
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011227349.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑国疆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XIAMEN MIDDIA BIOLOGICAL CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
郑国疆
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郑国疆 filed Critical 郑国疆
Priority to CN202011227349.0A priority Critical patent/CN112247725A/en
Publication of CN112247725A publication Critical patent/CN112247725A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/06Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of non-metallic inorganic material, e.g. stone, ceramics, porcelain
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/007Weight compensation; Temperature compensation; Vibration damping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/14Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by liquid or gas pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/22Equipment for exact control of the position of the grinding tool or work at the start of the grinding operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines

Abstract

The invention discloses a sharpening machine for a knife back of a ceramic knife, which comprises a grinding wheel and two knife conveying devices, wherein the knife conveying devices are respectively positioned at two opposite sides of the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel; the cutter conveying device comprises a transverse moving platform which reciprocates along the X-axis direction, a first driving mechanism which drives the transverse moving platform to move, a longitudinal moving platform which reciprocates along the Y-axis direction on the transverse moving platform, a mounting groove which is fixed on the longitudinal moving platform and used for mounting a cutter, and a second driving mechanism which drives the longitudinal moving platform to approach towards the direction of the grinding wheel and enables the back of the cutter on the mounting groove to be always in contact with the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel. The device has simple structure, can adapt to the knife backs with different shapes, and is convenient to use.

Description

Ceramic knife back grinding machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of ceramic knife processing equipment, in particular to a sharpening machine for a knife back of a ceramic knife.
Background
The ceramic cutter is made by using high-purity superfine zirconia as a raw material through various processes of spray granulation, isostatic pressing, precision machining and the like, has the characteristics of high hardness, strong corrosion resistance, good chemical stability, high wear resistance and the like, is attractive and exquisite in appearance, has sharp cutting edge, and is a cutter which is never worn or corroded in the true sense.
The back of the ceramic knife needs to be polished, so that the back of the ceramic knife is smooth and has no burrs, and the appearance is neat. Because the knife back of the ceramic knife is not necessarily straight, and the knife backs of most ceramic knives are arc-shaped or curve-shaped, the automatic machine grinding can only grind straight knife backs at present and can not do any action on non-straight knife backs; therefore, the back of the ceramic knife is manually repaired at present, and the problems of inconsistent processing quality, low efficiency and certain potential safety hazard exist.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, it is necessary to provide a sharpening machine for the back of a ceramic knife with simple structure and high processing efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a sharpening machine for a knife back of a ceramic knife comprises a grinding wheel and two knife conveying devices, wherein the knife conveying devices are respectively positioned at two opposite sides of the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel; the cutter conveying device comprises a transverse moving platform which reciprocates along the X-axis direction, a first driving mechanism which drives the transverse moving platform to move, a longitudinal moving platform which reciprocates along the Y-axis direction on the transverse moving platform, a mounting groove which is fixed on the longitudinal moving platform and used for mounting a cutter, and a second driving mechanism which drives the longitudinal moving platform to approach towards the direction of the grinding wheel and enables the back of the cutter on the mounting groove to be always in contact with the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel.
Furthermore, the grinding wheel and the two cutter conveying devices are arranged on the machine table.
Further, the bottom of the machine table is fixedly connected with a motor driving the grinding wheel to rotate.
Furthermore, the first driving mechanism comprises a hydraulic station and a hydraulic cylinder which are fixedly connected to the machine table, and a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is in transmission connection with the transverse moving platform.
Furthermore, the second driving mechanism comprises a hanging hammer, a pull rope and a plurality of fixed pulleys, the hanging hammer is in transmission connection with the longitudinal moving platform through the pull rope, the fixed pulleys are fixedly connected to the transverse moving platform, and the pull rope sequentially bypasses the fixed pulleys to enable the hanging hammer to be vertically arranged, so that the longitudinal moving platform is always kept in a moving state close to the circumferential side wall of the grinding wheel under the gravity of the hanging hammer.
Furthermore, the machine table is provided with two dust suction ports close to the grinding wheel.
Furthermore, a proximity switch for controlling the moving stroke of the transverse moving platform is arranged on the machine table.
Further, the end face of the grinding wheel is parallel to the upper surface of the machine table, and when the cutter is placed on the mounting groove, the cutter is parallel to the upper surface of the machine table and is located at the same height as the grinding wheel.
Furthermore, a slide rail for moving the transverse moving platform is arranged on the machine table, and a slide rail for moving the longitudinal moving platform is also arranged on the transverse moving platform.
Furthermore, a plurality of screw holes are formed in the sliding rail on the transverse moving platform, and limiting screws for limiting the limit moving range of the longitudinal moving platform are screwed in the screw holes.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. this device passes through cutter conveyor for the back of a knife blade of cutter can seamless laminating emery wheel all lateral wall, thereby adapts to the cutter of various non-straight backs of a knife blade, simple structure, and machining efficiency is high, and is safe in utilization.
2. The device can be operated by one person or two persons, particularly, the two cutter conveying devices alternately take and place the cutters, so that the grinding wheel can be prevented from idling, and the grinding wheel is utilized to the maximum extent.
In order to make the aforementioned and other objects, features and advantages of the invention comprehensible, preferred embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of a schematic structure of an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the structure of an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-machine table, 11-hydraulic station, 12-dust suction port, 13-sliding rail, 2-grinding wheel, 21-motor, 3-cutter conveying device, 31-hydraulic cylinder, 32-transverse moving platform, 33-longitudinal moving platform, 4-hanging hammer, 41-pulling rope, 42-fixed pulley and 5-cutter.
Detailed Description
To further illustrate the technical means and effects of the present invention adopted to achieve the predetermined objects, the following detailed description of the embodiments, structures, features and effects according to the present invention will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings and preferred embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-2, a sharpening machine for a back of a ceramic knife comprises a machine table 1, wherein a grinding wheel 2 and two knife conveying devices 3 are arranged on the machine table 1, and the two knife conveying devices 3 are respectively positioned beside two opposite peripheral side walls of the grinding wheel 2.
The bottom of the machine table 1 is fixedly connected with a motor 21 which drives the grinding wheel to rotate, and the end face of the grinding wheel 2 is parallel to the upper surface of the machine table 1.
The cutter conveying device 3 comprises a transverse moving platform 32 which reciprocates along the X-axis direction, a first driving mechanism which drives the transverse moving platform 32 to move, a longitudinal moving platform 33 which reciprocates along the Y-axis direction on the transverse moving platform 32, a mounting groove which is fixed on the longitudinal moving platform and used for mounting a cutter, and a second driving mechanism which drives the longitudinal moving platform to approach towards the grinding wheel direction and enables the back of the cutter on the mounting groove to be always in contact with the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel.
The first driving mechanism comprises a hydraulic station 11 fixedly connected to the machine platform and a hydraulic cylinder 31, and a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder 31 is in transmission connection with the transverse moving platform 32.
The second driving mechanism comprises a hanging hammer 4, a pulling rope 41 and two fixed pulleys 42, the hanging hammer 4 is in transmission connection with the longitudinal moving platform 33 through the pulling rope 41, the fixed pulleys 42 are fixedly connected to the transverse moving platform 32, and the pulling rope 41 sequentially bypasses the two fixed pulleys 42 to enable the hanging hammer 4 to be vertically arranged, so that the longitudinal moving platform 33 is always kept in a moving state close to the peripheral side wall direction of the grinding wheel 2 under the gravity of the hanging hammer 4.
The machine platform 1 is provided with a slide rail 13 for the transverse moving platform to move, and the transverse moving platform is also provided with a slide rail 13 for the longitudinal moving platform to move.
A plurality of screw holes are arranged on the slide rail 13 on the transverse moving platform, and limiting screws for limiting the limit moving range of the longitudinal moving platform are screwed in the screw holes.
In this embodiment, when the cutter 5 is placed on the mounting groove, the cutter 5 is parallel to the upper surface of the machine table and is located at the same height as the grinding wheel. When the hydraulic cylinder drives the transverse moving platform to move towards the direction of the grinding wheel, the back of the cutter can contact the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel to carry out grinding operation.
In this embodiment, two dust suction ports 12 are disposed at a position of the machine table 1 close to the grinding wheel. The bottom of the dust suction port 12 can be connected with a dust collector to suck dust away, so that the environment is prevented from being polluted.
In this embodiment, a proximity switch for controlling the moving stroke of the horizontal moving platform is disposed on the machine table 1. Thereby controlling the moving stroke of the transverse moving platform.
In this embodiment, the mounting groove is formed by a plurality of set screws screwed on the longitudinal moving platform. The positioning screws limit the cutter.
In this embodiment, the thickness of the grinding wheel is at least 0.1mm greater than the thickness of the cutter.
When the device is used, the cutter is placed in the mounting groove, so that the back of the cutter faces to the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel. Starting the hydraulic station, and controlling the cutter conveying device to move back and forth once along the X-axis direction through a hydraulic cylinder; because the cutter is tightly close to the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel under the action of the gravity of the hanging hammer, the grinding processing of the cutter back and the grinding wheel is realized. The grinding amount can be achieved by adjusting the weight of the drop weight and the traveling speed of the hydraulic cylinder.
The operation steps of the device are as follows:
1. determining the position of a positioning screw according to the contour size of the cutter;
2. adjusting the moving start-stop position of the transverse moving platform according to the length of the cutter (only moving the fixed position of the proximity switch); the front end and the rear end of the cutter can be completely ground;
3. according to the contour of the cutter, the position of a limiting screw on the transverse moving platform is adjusted, so that the cutter is prevented from being excessively ground or even scrapped;
4. selecting a grinding wheel with proper thickness according to the thickness of the cutter and adjusting the height positions of the grinding wheel and the cutter;
5. starting a hydraulic station and a motor, placing a cutter in the mounting grooves on two sides of the grinding wheel, and pressing a hydraulic cylinder start button; grinding the back of the cutter back and forth once;
6. the weight of the hammer and the speed of the hydraulic cylinder are appropriately adjusted according to the grinding effect.
The device can be operated by one person or two persons, particularly, the two cutter conveying devices alternately take and place the cutters, so that the grinding wheel can be prevented from idling, and the grinding wheel is utilized to the maximum extent.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood that various changes, substitutions and alterations can be made herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a pottery sword back of a knife sharpening machine which characterized in that: the device comprises a grinding wheel and two cutter conveying devices, wherein the cutter conveying devices are respectively positioned at two opposite sides of the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel; the cutter conveying device comprises a transverse moving platform which reciprocates along the X-axis direction, a first driving mechanism which drives the transverse moving platform to move, a longitudinal moving platform which reciprocates along the Y-axis direction on the transverse moving platform, a mounting groove which is fixed on the longitudinal moving platform and used for mounting a cutter, and a second driving mechanism which drives the longitudinal moving platform to approach towards the direction of the grinding wheel and enables the back of the cutter on the mounting groove to be always in contact with the peripheral side wall of the grinding wheel.
2. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 1, wherein: the grinding wheel and the two cutter conveying devices are both arranged on the machine table.
3. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 2, wherein: the bottom of the machine table is fixedly connected with a motor driving the grinding wheel to rotate.
4. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 2, wherein: the first driving mechanism comprises a hydraulic station and a hydraulic cylinder which are fixedly connected to the machine table, and a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is in transmission connection with the transverse moving platform.
5. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 2, wherein: the second driving mechanism comprises a hanging hammer, a pull rope and a plurality of fixed pulleys, the hanging hammer is in transmission connection with the longitudinal moving platform through the pull rope, the fixed pulleys are fixedly connected onto the transverse moving platform, the pull rope sequentially bypasses the fixed pulleys to enable the hanging hammer to be vertically arranged, and therefore the longitudinal moving platform always keeps a moving state close to the circumferential side wall direction of the grinding wheel under the gravity of the hanging hammer.
6. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 2, wherein: two dust suction ports are formed in the position, close to the grinding wheel, of the machine table.
7. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 2, wherein: and the machine table is provided with a proximity switch for controlling the moving stroke of the transverse moving platform.
8. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 2, wherein: the end face of the grinding wheel is parallel to the upper surface of the machine table, and when the cutter is placed on the mounting groove, the cutter is parallel to the upper surface of the machine table and is located at the same height with the grinding wheel.
9. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 2, wherein: the machine table is provided with a slide rail for the transverse moving platform to move, and the transverse moving platform is also provided with a slide rail for the longitudinal moving platform to move.
10. The ceramic knife back sharpening machine of claim 9, wherein: a plurality of screw holes are formed in the sliding rail on the transverse moving platform, and limiting screws for limiting the limit moving range of the longitudinal moving platform are screwed in the screw holes.
CN202011227349.0A 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 Ceramic knife back grinding machine Pending CN112247725A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011227349.0A CN112247725A (en) 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 Ceramic knife back grinding machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011227349.0A CN112247725A (en) 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 Ceramic knife back grinding machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112247725A true CN112247725A (en) 2021-01-22

Family

ID=74265155

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011227349.0A Pending CN112247725A (en) 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 Ceramic knife back grinding machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112247725A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113087529A (en) * 2021-04-06 2021-07-09 湖南泰鑫瓷业有限公司 Production process of high-toughness ceramic cutter

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113087529A (en) * 2021-04-06 2021-07-09 湖南泰鑫瓷业有限公司 Production process of high-toughness ceramic cutter
CN113087529B (en) * 2021-04-06 2021-10-26 湖南泰鑫瓷业有限公司 Production process of high-toughness ceramic cutter

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
TA01 Transfer of patent application right
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20210120

Address after: Unit 305, 891 fanghubei 2nd Road, Huli District, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, 361000

Applicant after: XIAMEN MIDDIA BIOLOGICAL CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Unit 305, 891 fanghubei 2nd Road, Huli District, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, 361000

Applicant before: Zheng Guojiang

SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination