CN112169484A - Efficient dust removal device for finish machining of workshop mechanical parts - Google Patents

Efficient dust removal device for finish machining of workshop mechanical parts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112169484A
CN112169484A CN202011174431.1A CN202011174431A CN112169484A CN 112169484 A CN112169484 A CN 112169484A CN 202011174431 A CN202011174431 A CN 202011174431A CN 112169484 A CN112169484 A CN 112169484A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wall
fixed
rod
dust
dust removing
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN202011174431.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高士娟
王新会
安月梅
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Fuzhou Xinqimei Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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Fuzhou Xinqimei Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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Application filed by Fuzhou Xinqimei Machinery Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Fuzhou Xinqimei Machinery Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202011174431.1A priority Critical patent/CN112169484A/en
Publication of CN112169484A publication Critical patent/CN112169484A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • B01D46/12Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces in multiple arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • B01D46/103Curved filtering elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/74Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element
    • B01D46/76Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element involving vibrations

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency dust removal device for finish machining of workshop mechanical parts, which comprises a machine tool, wherein a base is fixed at the top of one side of the machine tool, a lifting cylinder is fixed at the top of the base, a dust collection box is fixed at the top of the lifting cylinder, a dust removal box is fixed at the top of the dust collection box, air inlet holes are formed in the outer walls, close to the machine tool, of the upper side and the lower side of the dust removal box, an air suction fan is fixed on the inner wall of each air inlet hole, an air outlet hole is formed in the outer wall, far away from the machine tool, of the dust removal box, a filtering mechanism, a cleaning mechanism and a switch mechanism are arranged in the dust. According to the invention, through the arrangement of the filtering mechanism, the cleaning mechanism and the switch mechanism, the effect of collecting dust and impurities brushed down while cleaning the filtering plate is achieved, and the filtering plate is prevented from being blocked so as to achieve a lower dust removal effect.

Description

Efficient dust removal device for finish machining of workshop mechanical parts
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of workshop dust removal, in particular to a high-efficiency dust removal device for finish machining of workshop mechanical parts.
Background
When a machine part is machined in a workshop through a lathe, raised dust is easily generated, air circulation in the workshop is difficult, the influence on the physical health of workers is caused due to the excessive dust content in the air, and the danger of explosion is caused due to the overhigh dust concentration, so that the dust removal is necessary during the machining in the workshop.
Among the prior art, all adopt the spraying dust fall usually, spray water smoke in to the air promptly, perhaps breathe in through some dust collecting equipment and filter dust in the air, but carry out filterable filter screen along with the live time overlength to the air probably causes the filter screen to block up to make dust collector's dust removal effect greatly reduced, so need urgently to carry out clear dust collector to the filter screen, so proposed a workshop machine part fine machining and used high-efficient dust collector.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an efficient dust removal device for finish machining of mechanical parts in a workshop, which has the advantage of removing dust from a filter screen of the dust removal device, can collect the filtered dust and solves the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a high-efficient dust collector is used in finish machining of workshop machine part, includes the lathe, the top of lathe one side is fixed with the base, the top of base is fixed with the lift cylinder, the top of lift cylinder is fixed with the dust collection box, the top of dust collection box is fixed with the dust removal case, the inlet port has all been seted up to the outer wall that both sides are close to the lathe about the dust removal case, the inner wall of inlet port is fixed with the fan of breathing in, the outer wall that lathe one side was kept away from to the dust removal case has seted up the venthole, the inside of dust removal case is provided with filter mechanism, clearance mechanism and on-off mechanism, be linked together between dust removal case and the dust collection box, and the intercommunication department is provided with closing mechanism, the top of dust.
Preferably, the filtering mechanism comprises a filtering plate and an elastic filtering net, the filtering plate is fixed on the inner wall in the middle of the dust removing box, and the elastic filtering net is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removing box between the filtering plate and the air outlet.
Preferably, the cleaning mechanism comprises a fixed rod and two rack plates, the fixed rod is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removal box between the filter plate and the air inlet, the two rack plates are respectively and slidably mounted on the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the dust removal box between the fixed rod and the filter plate, the center of the fixed rod is rotatably mounted with a first rotating shaft, the outer wall of the first rotating shaft close to the rack plates is rotatably mounted with a fan-shaped frame, the fan-shaped frame is arranged in a central symmetry manner about the axle center of the first rotating shaft, the outer wall of the fan-shaped frame close to the rack plates is provided with a tooth socket, the tooth socket is meshed with the rack plates, one end of the first rotating shaft close to the filter plate is fixed with a rotating block, the outer wall of the rotating block is fixed with rotating strips which are distributed in a circular manner, the outer wall, the one end that first slide bar wore out dust removal roof portion is fixed with first lug, two dust removal roof portion in the middle of the first slide bar is fixed with the bracing piece, the top of bracing piece is rotated and is installed first pivot pole, first pivot pole has all been seted up first spout near the outer wall at both ends, first lug slidable mounting is in first spout, first slide bar surface cover between dust removal case and the first pivot pole is equipped with first spring.
Preferably, actuating mechanism includes gear motor, gear motor fixes the top at the dust removal case, the top that the dust removal case is close to gear motor is fixed with the bearing frame, the axle center of bearing frame is rotated and is installed the second axis of rotation, the one end that the second axis of rotation is close to gear motor passes through shaft coupling swing joint with gear motor's output shaft, the one end that the second axis of rotation is close to first pivot pole is rotated and is installed the cam, the cam outer wall contacts with the outer wall of first pivot pole.
Preferably, the switch mechanism comprises two baffles and a support plate, the two baffles are respectively rotatably mounted on the inner wall of the dust removal box close to the air inlet, the outer walls of the two baffles are respectively provided with a third chute, the support plate is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removal box between the two baffles, the outer wall of the support plate far away from one side of the dust removal box is rotatably mounted with a pulley, the outer wall of the support plate close to the pulley is provided with an elongated slot, a first slider is slidably mounted in the elongated slot, the outer wall of the first slider is fixed with a pull rope, one end of the pull rope far away from the first slider penetrates through the pulley and is fixedly connected with the outer wall of one of the rack plates, a second spring is fixed between the outer wall of the first slider close to the pulley and the inner wall of the elongated slot, the outer walls of the support, the outer wall of the first sliding block is hinged with two first connecting rods, the other ends of the first connecting rods are hinged with second connecting rods, a fourth protruding block is fixed at one end, penetrating through the sliding sleeve, of each second connecting rod, and the fourth protruding blocks are slidably mounted in the third sliding grooves.
Preferably, the closing mechanism comprises two rotating plates, the inner wall of the dust removing box below the brush, the inner wall of the bottom of the dust removing box between the filter plate and the elastic filter screen are provided with communicating holes, the two rotating plates are respectively rotatably installed in the two communicating holes, the tops of the two rotating plates are both fixed with swing rods, the outer wall of each swing rod is provided with a second chute, the outer wall of each filter plate, which is close to the bottom, is provided with a through hole, a second sliding rod is slidably installed in the through hole, one end, which is close to the rack plate, of each second sliding rod is fixedly provided with an L-shaped rod, one end, which is close to the top of each L-shaped rod, the outer wall, which is close to the bottom, of the other rack plate is fixedly provided with a connecting rod, the other end of the connecting rod is fixedly provided with an inclined limiting ring, the third protruding block, the two second convex blocks are respectively installed in the two second sliding grooves in a sliding mode.
Preferably, the dust removal incasement wall between elastic filter screen and the venthole is fixed with the mounting panel, and has seted up the air vent on the mounting panel, be fixed with the third spring between mounting panel and the elastic filter screen.
Preferably, be provided with slide mechanism between the inner wall of rack plate and dust removal case, slide mechanism includes second slider and fourth spout, the outer wall at the rack plate is fixed to the second slider, the inner wall at the dust removal case is seted up to the fourth spout, second slider slidable mounting is in the fourth spout.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
firstly, the invention drives the cam to rotate by arranging the speed reducing motor, the output shaft of the speed reducing motor rotates to drive the second rotating shaft to rotate, when the bulge of the cam contacts with the first rotating rod, the first rotating rod is driven to rotate along the joint of the supporting rod, then the first rotating rod drives the first lug to slide along the inner wall of the first chute, so as to drive the two first sliding rods to respectively slide up and down, further drive the two rack plates to respectively slide up and down, meanwhile, a first spring sleeved on the first sliding rod sliding downwards is compressed, when the two rack plates slide up and down, the fan-shaped frame is driven to be in meshing transmission, so that the fan-shaped frame drives the first rotating shaft to rotate, when the first rotating shaft rotates, the rotating block is driven to rotate, thereby driving the rotating strip and the brush to rotate, when the brush rotates, the dust attached to the surface of the filter plate is cleaned, when the protruding department of cam rotates and breaks away from first rotation pole, at this moment under the elastic force effect of first spring, can drive first rotation pole antiport, thereby make two rack plates do the upper and lower slip of opposite direction, and then drive fan-shaped frame and first rotation axis antiport, then drive the turning block, rotation strip and brush do antiport, like this along with two rack plates do the reciprocal slip from top to bottom of opposite direction when the rotation of cam can, further drive the brush and do clockwise rotation and anticlockwise pivoted reciprocal rotation, thereby reach the effect of cleaning the filter surface, and then prevent that the filter from influencing the dust removal effect because the live time is long blockked up.
Secondly, by arranging the two rack plates, when one rack plate moves upwards, the pull rope can be pulled to move along the surface of the pulley, so that the first sliding block is driven to slide along the long groove, the second spring is compressed, when the first sliding block slides, the first connecting rod can be driven to move, due to the limiting effect of the sliding sleeve on the second connecting rod, when the first connecting rod moves, the second connecting rod can be driven to move along the vertical direction, so that the fourth convex block is driven to slide along the inner wall of the third sliding groove, so that the baffle plate is driven to rotate, when the rack plate moves to the top, the first connecting rod can rotate to the vertical state along the hinged part of the first sliding block, at the moment, the second connecting rod can drive the baffle plate to rotate to close the air inlet hole, when the other rack plate moves downwards while the one rack plate moves upwards, and then the connecting rod and the inclined limiting ring move downwards, at the moment, the third lug can slide along the inner wall of the inclined limiting ring, so as to drive the L-shaped rod to move rightwards, when the L-shaped rod moves, the second sliding rod can be driven to move, so as to drive the second lug to slide along the inner wall of the second sliding groove, and drive the oscillating bar to rotate, when the oscillating bar rotates, the rotating plate can be driven to rotate and open, at the moment, because the air inlet hole is in a closed state, the air in the dust removing box is not circulated any more, at the moment, the dust swept from the filter plate can fall into the dust collecting box to be collected, the dust secondarily filtered by the elastic filter screen for the air can be attached to the surface of the elastic filter screen, when the air inlet hole is closed, the air in the dust removing box can not be circulated rightwards, at the moment, the elastic filter screen can be driven to vibrate under the action of the third spring, the filtered dust can fall into the dust collecting box, and, the rotating plate can be opened when the air inlet is closed, and the rotating plate can be closed when the air inlet is opened, so that the cleaning effect of the filter plate and the dust and impurities under the brush can be achieved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the machine tool of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a front cross-sectional view of a dust removing box according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view taken along the line A-A of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure of the present invention at B;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the cam of FIG. 3 after rotation;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a front cross-sectional view of a dust box after rotation of a baffle plate according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a machine tool; 2. a base; 3. a lifting cylinder; 4. a dust collection box; 5. a dust removal box; 6. an air inlet; 7. an air outlet; 8. a filter plate; 9. an elastic filter screen; 10. fixing the rod; 11. a rack plate; 12. a first rotating shaft; 13. a fan-shaped frame; 14. rotating the block; 15. rotating the strip; 16. a brush; 17. a first slide bar; 18. a first bump; 19. a support bar; 20. a first rotating lever; 21. a first chute; 22. a first spring; 23. a reduction motor; 24. a bearing seat; 25. a second rotating shaft; 26. a cam; 27. a baffle plate; 28. a support plate; 29. a third chute; 30. a pulley; 31. a long groove; 32. a first slider; 33. pulling a rope; 34. a second spring; 35. a fixing plate; 36. a sliding sleeve; 37. a first link; 38. a second link; 39. a fourth bump; 40. a rotating plate; 41. a swing rod; 42. a second chute; 43. a second slide bar; 44. an L-shaped rod; 45. a third bump; 46. a connecting rod; 47. an inclined limiting ring; 48. a second bump; 49. mounting a plate; 50. a third spring; 51. a second slider; 52. and a fourth chute.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides a technical solution: a high-efficiency dust removal device for finish machining of mechanical parts in a workshop comprises a machine tool 1, wherein a base 2 is fixed at the top of one side of the machine tool 1, a lifting cylinder 3 is fixed at the top of the base 2, the height of a dust removal box 5 can be adjusted through the lifting cylinder 3, a dust collection box 4 is fixed at the top of the lifting cylinder 3, the top of the dust collection box 4 is fixed with the dust removal box 5, air inlet holes 6 are formed in the outer walls, close to the machine tool 1, of the upper side and the lower side of the dust removal box 5, an air suction fan is fixed on the inner wall of each air inlet hole 6, an air outlet hole 7 is formed in the outer wall, far away from the machine tool 1, of the dust removal box 5, air with dust is sucked from the air inlet holes 6 through the air suction fan, filtered by a filtering mechanism and then discharged through the air outlet holes 7, a filtering mechanism, a cleaning, the top of the dust removal box 5 is provided with a driving mechanism for driving the cleaning mechanism.
Specifically, the driving mechanism includes a speed reduction motor 23, the speed reduction motor 23 is fixed at the top of the dust removal box 5, a bearing seat 24 is fixed at the top of the dust removal box 5 close to the speed reduction motor 23, a second rotating shaft 25 is installed at the axis of the bearing seat 24 in a rotating manner, one end of the second rotating shaft 25 close to the speed reduction motor 23 is movably connected with an output shaft of the speed reduction motor 23 through a coupler, a cam 26 is installed at one end of the second rotating shaft 25 close to the first rotating rod 20 in a rotating manner, the outer wall of the cam 26 contacts with the outer wall of the first rotating rod 20, the speed reduction motor 23 is started, the output shaft of the speed reduction motor 23 rotates to drive the second rotating shaft 25 to rotate, so as to drive the cam 26 to rotate, and when the bulge of the cam 26 contacts.
Specifically, the filter mechanism includes filter 8 and elastic filter screen 9, and inner wall in the middle of dust removal case 5 is fixed to filter 8, and elastic filter screen 9 fixes the inner wall of dust removal case 5 between filter 8 and venthole 7, and elastic filter screen 9 can produce certain elastic deformation.
Specifically, the cleaning mechanism comprises a fixed rod 10 and two rack plates 11, the fixed rod 10 is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removing box 5 between the filter plate 8 and the air inlet 6, the two rack plates 11 are respectively and slidably mounted on the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the dust removing box 5 between the fixed rod 10 and the filter plate 8, a first rotating shaft 12 is rotatably mounted at the center of the fixed rod 10, a fan-shaped frame 13 is rotatably mounted on the outer wall of the first rotating shaft 12 close to the rack plates 11, the middle of the fan-shaped frame 13 is hollow, contact with air with dust can be reduced, the dust falling on the fan-shaped frame can be shaken off in the rotating process, the fan-shaped frame 13 is arranged in central symmetry relative to the axis of the first rotating shaft 12, a tooth groove is formed in the outer wall of the fan-shaped frame 13 close to the rack plates 11, the tooth groove is meshed with the rack plates 11, a rotating block 14 is fixed at, the outer wall of the rotating strip 15 close to the filter plate 8 is fixed with a hairbrush 16, the rotating strip 15 and the hairbrush 16 can be provided with a plurality of hairbrushes, the cleaning range is improved, so that the cleaning intensity is improved, the top parts of the two rack plates 11 are both fixed with first sliding rods 17, one end of each first sliding rod 17 penetrating out of the top part of the dust removal box 5 is fixed with a first lug 18, the top part of the dust removal box 5 between the two first sliding rods 17 is fixed with a support rod 19, the top part of each support rod 19 is rotatably provided with a first rotating rod 20, the outer wall of each first rotating rod 20 close to the two ends is provided with a first sliding chute 21, each first lug 18 is slidably arranged in each first sliding chute 21, the surface of each first sliding rod 17 between the dust removal box 5 and the first rotating rod 20 is sleeved with a first spring 22, when each first rotating rod 20 rotates, each first lug 18 is driven to slide along the inner wall of each, and then drive two rack plates 11 to slide up and down respectively, the first spring 22 sleeved on the first sliding rod 17 sliding downward will be compressed, when two rack plates 11 slide up and down, the fan-shaped frame 13 will be driven to engage and transmit, so that the fan-shaped frame 13 will drive the first rotating shaft 12 to rotate, when the first rotating shaft 12 rotates, the rotating block 14 will be driven to rotate, so as to drive the rotating strip 15 and the brush 16 to rotate, when the brush 16 rotates, the dust attached on the surface of the filter plate 8 will be cleaned, when the protruding part of the cam 26 rotates away from the first rotating rod 20, at this time, under the elastic force of the first spring 22, the first rotating rod 20 will be driven to rotate in the opposite direction, so as to make two rack plates 11 slide up and down in the opposite direction, so as to drive the fan-shaped frame 13 and the first rotating shaft 12 to rotate in the opposite direction, and then drive the rotating block 14, the rotating strip 15 and the brush 16, therefore, the two rack plates 11 can slide up and down in a reciprocating way in opposite directions along with the rotation of the cam 26, the hairbrush 16 is further driven to rotate clockwise and rotate anticlockwise in a reciprocating way, the cleaning effect on the surface of the filter plate 8 can be further improved, and the filter plate 8 and the elastic filter screen 9 are prevented from being blocked.
Specifically, the opening and closing mechanism comprises two baffles 27 and a support plate 28, the two baffles 27 are respectively rotatably mounted on the inner wall of the dust removing box 5 close to the air inlet 6, third sliding grooves 29 are respectively formed in the outer walls of the two baffles 27, the support plate 28 is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removing box 5 between the two baffles 27, a pulley 30 is rotatably mounted on the outer wall of the support plate 28 on one side far away from the dust removing box 5, a long groove 31 is formed in the outer wall of the support plate 28 close to the pulley 30, a first sliding block 32 is slidably mounted in the long groove 31, a pull rope 33 is fixed on the outer wall of the first sliding block 32, one end of the pull rope 33 far away from the first sliding block 32 penetrates through the pulley 30 and is fixedly connected with the outer wall of one rack plate 11, a second spring 34 is fixed between the outer wall of the first sliding block 32 close to the pulley 30 and the inner wall of the long groove 31, two first connecting rods 37 are hinged to the outer wall of the first sliding block 32, the other ends of the two first connecting rods 37 are hinged to second connecting rods 38, a fourth lug 39 is fixed to one end of the second connecting rod 38 penetrating through the sliding sleeve 36, the fourth lug 39 is slidably mounted in the third sliding groove 29, when one of the rack plates 11 moves upwards, the pull rope 33 is pulled to move along the surface of the pulley 30, the first sliding block 32 is driven to slide along the long groove 31, the second spring 34 is compressed, when the first sliding block 32 slides, the first connecting rod 37 is driven to move, due to the limiting effect of the sliding sleeve 36 on the second connecting rod 38, when the first connecting rod 37 moves, the second connecting rod 38 is driven to move along the vertical direction, so that the fourth lug 39 is driven to slide along the inner wall of the third sliding groove 29, the baffle 27 is driven to rotate, when the rack plate 11 moves to the top, the first connecting rods 37 rotate to the vertical state along the hinged position of the first sliding block 32, the second link 38 will then rotate the flap 27 to close the inlet 6.
Specifically, the closing mechanism comprises two rotating plates 40, the inner wall of the dust removing box 5 below the brush 16, the inner wall of the bottom of the dust removing box 5 between the filter plate 8 and the elastic filter screen 9 are all provided with communicating holes, the two rotating plates 40 are respectively rotatably installed in the two communicating holes, the tops of the two rotating plates 40 are both fixed with swing rods 41, the outer wall of each swing rod 41 is provided with a second sliding chute 42, the outer wall of the filter plate 8 close to the bottom is provided with a through hole, a second sliding rod 43 is slidably installed in the through hole, one end of each second sliding rod 43 close to a rack plate 11 is fixed with an L-shaped rod 44, one end of the top of each L-shaped rod 44 is fixed with a third lug 45, the outer wall of the other rack plate 11 close to the bottom is fixed with a connecting rod 46, the other end of each connecting rod 46 is fixed with an inclined limiting ring 47, the third lug 45 is slidably installed in the, the two second protrusions 48 are slidably mounted in the two second sliding grooves 42, respectively.
Specifically, a mounting plate 49 is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removing box 5 between the elastic filter screen 9 and the air outlet 7, and an air vent is opened on the mounting plate 49, which allows the filtered air to pass through, a third spring 50 is fixed between the mounting plate 49 and the elastic filter screen 9, when one rack plate 11 moves upward and the other rack plate 11 moves downward, then the connecting rod 46 and the inclined limiting ring 47 are driven to move downward, at this time, the third lug 45 slides along the inner wall of the inclined limiting ring 47, thereby driving the L-shaped rod 44 to move rightward, when the L-shaped rod 44 moves, the second sliding rod 43 moves, thereby driving the second lug 48 to slide along the inner wall of the second chute 42, and driving the swing rod 41 to rotate, when the swing rod 41 rotates, the rotating plate 40 rotates to open, at this time, because the air inlet 6 is in a closed state, at this moment, the air in the dust removing box 5 is not circulated any more, at this moment, the dust swept down from the filter plate 8 can fall into the dust collecting box 4 for collection, and the dust secondarily filtered out from the air on the elastic filter screen 9 can also be attached to the surface of the elastic filter screen 9, and the air in the dust removing box 5 can not flow rightwards any more after the air inlet 6 is closed, at this moment, the elastic filter screen 9 can be driven to vibrate under the action of the third spring 50, the filtered dust can shake down and then fall into the dust collecting box 4, and when the two rack plates 11 slide up and down in opposite directions in a reciprocating manner, the rotating plate 40 can be opened while the air inlet 6 is closed, and when the air inlet 6 is opened, the rotating plate 40 can be closed, so repeatedly, the better collection of the dust and impurities brushed down can be carried out while the filter plate 8 is cleaned, the cleaning is convenient, and the dust removing.
Specifically, be provided with slide mechanism between the inner wall of rack plate 11 and dust removal case 5, slide mechanism includes second slider 51 and fourth spout 52, and second slider 51 is fixed at the outer wall of rack plate 11, and the inner wall at dust removal case 5 is seted up to fourth spout 52, and second slider 51 slidable mounting can make rack plate 11 more smooth when sliding from top to bottom in fourth spout 52 through the sliding fit of second slider 51 and fourth spout 52.
The working principle is as follows: when the efficient dust removing device for finish machining of mechanical parts in a workshop is used, air with dust is sucked into the dust removing box 5 from the air inlet 6 through the air suction fan, the air with dust flows along the direction of the baffle 27 and is filtered through the filter plate 8 and the elastic filter screen 9 in sequence, the filtered air is blown out of the dust removing box 5 through the exhaust fan in the air outlet 7, dust impurities primarily filtered through the filter plate 8 are attached to the surface of the filter plate 8, the speed reducing motor 23 is started at the moment, the output shaft of the speed reducing motor 23 rotates to drive the second rotating shaft 25 to rotate, so as to drive the cam 26 to rotate, when the bulge of the cam 26 contacts the first rotating rod 20, the first rotating rod 20 is driven to rotate along the joint of the supporting rod 19, then the first rotating rod 20 drives the first lug 18 to slide along the inner wall of the first chute 21, so as to drive the two first sliding rods 17 to slide up and down respectively, and then drive two rack plates 11 to slide up and down respectively, the first spring 22 sleeved on the first sliding rod 17 sliding downward will be compressed, when two rack plates 11 slide up and down, the fan-shaped frame 13 will be driven to engage and transmit, so that the fan-shaped frame 13 will drive the first rotating shaft 12 to rotate, when the first rotating shaft 12 rotates, the rotating block 14 will be driven to rotate, so as to drive the rotating strip 15 and the brush 16 to rotate, when the brush 16 rotates, the dust attached on the surface of the filter plate 8 will be cleaned, when the protruding part of the cam 26 rotates away from the first rotating rod 20, at this time, under the elastic force of the first spring 22, the first rotating rod 20 will be driven to rotate in the opposite direction, so as to make two rack plates 11 slide up and down in the opposite direction, so as to drive the fan-shaped frame 13 and the first rotating shaft 12 to rotate in the opposite direction, and then drive the rotating block 14, the rotating strip 15 and the brush 16, thus, the two rack plates 11 will slide up and down reciprocally in opposite directions along with the rotation of the cam 26, and further drive the brush 16 to rotate clockwise and counterclockwise reciprocally, so as to further improve the cleaning effect on the surface of the filtering plate 8.
When one of the rack plates 11 moves upwards and pulls the pull rope 33 to move along the surface of the pulley 30, so as to drive the first slide block 32 to slide along the long groove 31, and simultaneously compress the second spring 34, when the first slide block 32 slides, the first connecting rod 37 is driven to move, due to the limiting effect of the sliding sleeve 36 on the second connecting rod 38, when the first connecting rod 37 moves, the second connecting rod 38 is driven to move along the vertical direction, so as to drive the fourth bump 39 to slide along the inner wall of the third sliding groove 29, so as to drive the baffle 27 to rotate, when the rack plate 11 moves to the top, the first connecting rod 37 rotates to the vertical state along the hinged joint of the first slide block 32, at this time, the second connecting rod 38 drives the baffle 27 to rotate to close the air inlet 6, when one of the rack plates 11 moves upwards and the other rack plate 11 moves downwards, and then drives the connecting rod 46 and the inclined limiting ring 47 to move downwards, at this time, the third protrusion 45 slides along the inner wall of the inclined limiting ring 47, thereby driving the L-shaped rod 44 to move rightwards, when the L-shaped rod 44 moves, the second sliding rod 43 moves, thereby driving the second protrusion 48 to slide along the inner wall of the second sliding groove 42, and driving the swing rod 41 to rotate, when the swing rod 41 rotates, the rotating plate 40 rotates, thereby opening the rotating plate 40, at this time, because the air inlet 6 is in a closed state, the air in the dust box 5 does not circulate, at this time, the dust swept from the filter plate 8 falls into the dust collection box 4 for collection, the dust secondarily filtered by the air on the elastic filter screen 9 also adheres to the surface of the elastic filter screen 9, and when the air in the dust collection box 5 does not circulate rightwards after the air inlet 6 is closed, at this time, the elastic filter screen 9 is driven to vibrate under the action of the third spring 50, the filtered dust is shaken and falls into the dust collection box 4, the collection of the dust is completed.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a workshop machine part finish machining uses high-efficient dust collector, includes lathe (1), its characterized in that: a base (2) is fixed at the top of one side of the machine tool (1), a lifting cylinder (3) is fixed at the top of the base (2), a dust collection box (4) is fixed at the top of the lifting cylinder (3), a dust removal box (5) is fixed at the top of the dust collection box (4), the upper side and the lower side of the dust removing box (5) close to the outer wall of the machine tool (1) are both provided with air inlet holes (6), an air suction fan is fixed on the inner wall of the air inlet hole (6), an air outlet hole (7) is arranged on the outer wall of one side of the dust removal box (5) far away from the machine tool (1), the interior of the dust removing box (5) is provided with a filtering mechanism, a cleaning mechanism and a switch mechanism, the dust removing box (5) is communicated with the dust collecting box (4), and a closing mechanism is arranged at the communicating part, and a driving mechanism for driving the cleaning mechanism is arranged at the top of the dust removing box (5).
2. The efficient dust removing device for the finish machining of the workshop mechanical parts as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the filter mechanism comprises a filter plate (8) and an elastic filter screen (9), the filter plate (8) is fixed on the inner wall in the middle of the dust removing box (5), and the elastic filter screen (9) is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removing box (5) between the filter plate (8) and the air outlet (7).
3. The efficient dust removing device for the finish machining of the workshop mechanical parts as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the cleaning mechanism comprises a fixed rod (10) and two rack plates (11), the fixed rod (10) is fixed on the inner wall of a dust removing box (5) between a filter plate (8) and an air inlet (6), the rack plates (11) are respectively slidably mounted on the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the dust removing box (5) between the fixed rod (10) and the filter plate (8), a first rotating shaft (12) is installed at the center of the fixed rod (10) in a rotating mode, a fan-shaped frame (13) is installed on the outer wall, close to the rack plates (11), of the first rotating shaft (12), the fan-shaped frame (13) is arranged in a central symmetry mode about the axis of the first rotating shaft (12), a tooth groove is formed in the outer wall, close to the rack plates (11), of the tooth groove is meshed with the rack plates (11), and a rotating block (14) is fixed at one end, close to the filter plate (8), the outer wall of the rotating block (14) is fixed with rotating strips (15) which are distributed in a circular shape, the outer wall of the rotating strip (15) close to the filter plate (8) is fixed with a brush (16), the tops of the two rack plates (11) are both fixed with a first sliding rod (17), a first lug (18) is fixed at one end of the first sliding rod (17) penetrating out of the top of the dust removing box (5), a support rod (19) is fixed at the top of the dust removing box (5) in the middle of the two first sliding rods (17), a first rotating rod (20) is rotatably arranged at the top of the supporting rod (19), the outer walls of the first rotating rod (20) close to the two ends are provided with first sliding chutes (21), first lug (18) slidable mounting is in first spout (21), first slide bar (17) surface cover between dust removal case (5) and first rotation pole (20) is equipped with first spring (22).
4. The efficient dust removing device for the finish machining of the workshop mechanical parts as claimed in claim 3, wherein: actuating mechanism includes gear motor (23), gear motor (23) are fixed at the top of dust removal case (5), the top that dust removal case (5) are close to gear motor (23) is fixed with bearing frame (24), the axle center of bearing frame (24) is rotated and is installed second axis of rotation (25), shaft coupling swing joint is passed through with the output shaft of gear motor (23) to the one end that second axis of rotation (25) are close to gear motor (23), cam (26) are installed in the one end rotation that second axis of rotation (25) are close to first axis of rotation (20), cam (26) outer wall contacts with the outer wall of first axis of rotation (20).
5. The efficient dust removing device for the finish machining of the workshop mechanical parts as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the switch mechanism comprises two baffles (27) and a support plate (28), wherein the baffles (27) are respectively rotatably installed on the inner wall of a dust removing box (5) close to an air inlet hole (6), the inner wall of the dust removing box (5) between the two baffles (27) is provided with a third chute (29), the support plate (28) is fixed on the inner wall of the dust removing box (5) between the two baffles (27), the outer wall of one side of the dust removing box (5) is far away from the support plate (28) and is rotatably installed with a pulley (30), the outer wall of the support plate (28) close to the pulley (30) is provided with a long groove (31), a first sliding block (32) is slidably installed in the long groove (31), the outer wall of the first sliding block (32) is fixed with a pull rope (33), one end of the pull rope (33) far away from the first sliding block (32) passes through the, be fixed with second spring (34) between the outer wall that first slider (32) are close to pulley (30) and the inner wall of elongated slot (31), the outer wall that backup pad (28) are close to pulley (30) upper and lower both sides all is fixed with fixed plate (35), the outer wall that backup pad (28) were kept away from in fixed plate (35) is fixed with sliding sleeve (36), the outer wall of first slider (32) articulates there are two first connecting rods (37), two the other end of first connecting rod (37) all articulates there is second connecting rod (38), the one end that sliding sleeve (36) were passed in second connecting rod (38) is fixed with fourth lug (39), fourth lug (39) slidable mounting is in third spout (29).
6. The efficient dust removing device for the finish machining of the workshop mechanical parts as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the closing mechanism comprises two rotating plates (40), the inner wall of the bottom of the dust removal box (5) between the inner wall of the dust removal box (5) below the hairbrush (16), the filter plate (8) and the elastic filter screen (9) is provided with communicating holes, the two rotating plates (40) are respectively installed in the two communicating holes in a rotating mode, the top of each rotating plate (40) is fixedly provided with a swing rod (41), the outer wall of each swing rod (41) is provided with a second sliding chute (42), the outer wall of the filter plate (8) close to the bottom is provided with a through hole, a second sliding rod (43) is slidably installed in the through hole, one end of each second sliding rod (43) close to the rack plate (11) is fixedly provided with an L-shaped rod (44), one end of the top of the L-shaped rod (44) is fixedly provided with a third convex block (45), and the other end of the rack plate (11, the other end of connecting rod (46) is fixed with oblique spacing ring (47), third lug (45) slidable mounting is in oblique spacing ring (47), second lug (48) all are fixed with to second slide bar (43) be close to the outer wall of two pendulum rods (41), two second lug (48) slidable mounting is respectively in two second spout (42).
7. The efficient dust removing device for the finish machining of the workshop mechanical parts as claimed in claim 6, wherein: dust removal case (5) inner wall between elastic filter screen (9) and venthole (7) is fixed with mounting panel (49), and has seted up the air vent on mounting panel (49), be fixed with third spring (50) between mounting panel (49) and elastic filter screen (9).
8. The efficient dust removing device for the finish machining of the workshop mechanical parts as claimed in claim 7, wherein: be provided with slide mechanism between the inner wall of rack plate (11) and dust removal case (5), slide mechanism includes second slider (51) and fourth spout (52), the outer wall at rack plate (11) is fixed in second slider (51), the inner wall at dust removal case (5) is seted up in fourth spout (52), second slider (51) slidable mounting is in fourth spout (52).
CN202011174431.1A 2020-10-28 2020-10-28 Efficient dust removal device for finish machining of workshop mechanical parts Pending CN112169484A (en)

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CN112893220A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-04 仝仲学 Milling machine dust removal mechanism
CN112933749A (en) * 2021-05-06 2021-06-11 张家港宏昌钢板有限公司 Steelmaking ladle heat is repaiied environment-friendly device
CN113018999A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-25 仝仲学 A environmental protection dust collector for milling machine
CN113058349A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-07-02 南京浓喏贸易有限公司 Dust removal device for machining mechanical parts and parts for avoiding dust from influencing equipment machining
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CN114748948A (en) * 2022-04-27 2022-07-15 安徽鸿德玻璃钢环保设备有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced plastic cross flow purification tower
CN115738496A (en) * 2022-11-29 2023-03-07 安徽龙华化工股份有限公司 Phosphoric acid system is retrieved with tail gas treatment to phosphorus pentoxide production
CN116618403A (en) * 2023-06-02 2023-08-22 香花岭锡业有限责任公司 Novel dust removal device for mining machinery
CN114748948B (en) * 2022-04-27 2024-05-14 安徽鸿德玻璃钢环保设备有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced plastic cross flow purifying tower

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113018999A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-25 仝仲学 A environmental protection dust collector for milling machine
CN112893220A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-04 仝仲学 Milling machine dust removal mechanism
CN113058349A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-07-02 南京浓喏贸易有限公司 Dust removal device for machining mechanical parts and parts for avoiding dust from influencing equipment machining
CN112933749A (en) * 2021-05-06 2021-06-11 张家港宏昌钢板有限公司 Steelmaking ladle heat is repaiied environment-friendly device
CN113117447A (en) * 2021-05-27 2021-07-16 广西虹麒科技有限责任公司 High-efficient environmental protection dust collecting equipment
CN113577935B (en) * 2021-07-23 2022-06-17 中国电建集团贵州工程有限公司 Particle trapping and recycling device
CN113577935A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-11-02 中国电建集团贵州工程有限公司 Particle trapping and recycling device
CN113599876A (en) * 2021-08-23 2021-11-05 安庆市虹泰新材料有限责任公司 Continuous filtering device for dimer acid production
CN113617136A (en) * 2021-08-26 2021-11-09 昆山嘉科环保设备有限公司 High-cleanliness dust removal equipment
CN114748948A (en) * 2022-04-27 2022-07-15 安徽鸿德玻璃钢环保设备有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced plastic cross flow purification tower
CN114748948B (en) * 2022-04-27 2024-05-14 安徽鸿德玻璃钢环保设备有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced plastic cross flow purifying tower
CN115738496A (en) * 2022-11-29 2023-03-07 安徽龙华化工股份有限公司 Phosphoric acid system is retrieved with tail gas treatment to phosphorus pentoxide production
CN115738496B (en) * 2022-11-29 2023-06-16 安徽龙华化工股份有限公司 Phosphoric acid system is retrieved in tail gas treatment for phosphorus pentoxide production
CN116618403A (en) * 2023-06-02 2023-08-22 香花岭锡业有限责任公司 Novel dust removal device for mining machinery
CN116618403B (en) * 2023-06-02 2024-01-23 香花岭锡业有限责任公司 Novel dust removal device for mining machinery

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Application publication date: 20210105