CN112134185B - Cooling equipment for box-type substation - Google Patents

Cooling equipment for box-type substation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112134185B
CN112134185B CN202011037077.8A CN202011037077A CN112134185B CN 112134185 B CN112134185 B CN 112134185B CN 202011037077 A CN202011037077 A CN 202011037077A CN 112134185 B CN112134185 B CN 112134185B
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box
fixedly connected
air
air inlet
equipment
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CN112134185A (en
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李沪明
李俊
张值高
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/56Cooling; Ventilation
    • H02B1/565Cooling; Ventilation for cabinets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/28Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof or flameproof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B7/00Enclosed substations, e.g. compact substations
    • H02B7/06Distribution substations, e.g. for urban network

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Cooling Or The Like Of Electrical Apparatus (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses cooling equipment for a box-type substation, and relates to the field of substation heat dissipation. This a cooling arrangement for box-type substation, the side fixedly connected with air inlet case of equipment box, the last fixed surface of equipment box is connected with the exhaust case, and the last fixed surface of exhaust case is connected with the breakwater. This a cooling arrangement for box-type substation, select corresponding quantity's equipment box and air inlet box according to the user demand of reality, insert the inside of wind-guiding mouth with the guide duct of air inlet box bottom side and connect, make a set of air inlet box of fixed connection between every two sets of equipment boxes, lead to inside the air inlet box with outside air current through air inlet fan when using, then the air current moves down and enters into inside the equipment box through leading the wind box, the inside rebound all around of cold air current follow equipment box this moment, the hot gas flow rises simultaneously, according to the circulation characteristic of air current, rationally dredge the air current circulation, derive the equipment box with the heat of equipment box inside.

Description

Cooling equipment for box-type substation
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of transformer substation heat dissipation, in particular to cooling equipment for a box-type transformer substation.
Background
A box-type transformer substation, also called a prefabricated substation or a prefabricated substation, is a substation equipment combination integrating high-voltage switch equipment, a distribution transformer and a low-voltage distribution device, organically combines the functions of transformer voltage reduction, low-voltage distribution and the like together, is installed in a moistureproof, antirust, dustproof, rat-proof, fireproof, antitheft, heat-insulating, totally-enclosed and movable steel structure box, is particularly suitable for urban network construction and transformation, and is a brand-new transformer substation rising after a civil engineering transformer substation.
However, when the box-type substation is built, the shape and size of the substation are generally built according to the current load capacity and the required number of devices, and the shape and size of the substation are fixed during the building, if the later-stage expansion is carried out or the devices are added, the new construction can be added beside the substation or the whole substation can be reconstructed and expanded, and meanwhile, a large number of secondary transformation devices are carried in the box-type substation, and the devices are easy to generate more heat in the using process, and the heat is accumulated in the box-type substation, so that the devices are easy to damage in a high-temperature operation state for a long time, and at present, exhaust fans are commonly installed on two sides of the substation to lead out high-temperature air flow in the substation, and simultaneously, air is sucked through an air inlet to carry out heat exchange through air flow circulation, but the heat exchange efficiency of the mode is low, because the fans can only act on two sides of the box body, the heat generated by the devices accumulated in the middle part is extremely low, and various devices in the box body are all concentrated together, and the heat generation of different devices in the use process is different, so that the unreasonable distribution of resources is caused by simply adding heat dissipation devices on two sides, and therefore the cooling device for the box-type substation is required to be provided to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a cooling device for a box-type substation to solve the problems set forth in the background art.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a cooling device for a box-type substation comprises a device box, wherein the outer surface of the device box is rotatably connected with a box door, the side surface of the device box is fixedly connected with an air inlet box, the upper surface of the device box is fixedly connected with an air exhaust box, the upper surface of the air exhaust box is fixedly connected with a water baffle, two sides of the air exhaust box are both fixedly connected with filter screens, a partition board is fixedly connected inside the air exhaust box, lower surfaces of the inner part of the air exhaust box and the two sides of the partition board are both fixedly connected with air outlet pipes, the air outlet pipes are fixedly inserted on the upper surface of the device box, an air exhaust fan is fixedly connected inside the air exhaust box and between the two groups of filter screens and the two groups of air outlet pipes, a water guide plate is fixedly connected on the lower surface of the water baffle and positioned right above the air inlet box, a stop lever is fixedly connected on the inner bottom of the device box, and an air guide box is fixedly connected on the lower surface of the device box, the air guide box comprises an air guide box, a baffle plate, a first threaded rod, a first air inlet fan, an air guide pipe, a clamping assembly, a sliding block, a first threaded rod, a baffle plate, a metal net, a dust guard plate, an air inlet fan, an air guide pipe, a clamping assembly and a clamping assembly, wherein the air guide port is formed in each of two sides of the air guide box, the baffle plate is connected to the inner side wall of the air guide port in a sliding mode, the first threaded rod is connected to the inner portion of the air guide box in a rotating mode and is in transmission connection with the baffle plate, the metal net is fixedly connected to the inner top of the air inlet box, the dust guard plate is movably inserted into the metal net in the air inlet box, the air inlet fan is fixedly connected to the inner portion of the dust guard plate and is located below the dust guard plate, the air inlet fan is fixedly connected to the inner portion of the air inlet box, the air guide pipe is movably inserted into the air guide port, the clamping assembly is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the air inlet box, the sliding block is movably clamped to the outer surface of the air inlet box, one end of the dust guard plate is movably clamped to the bottom of the sliding block in a clamping assembly.
Preferably, the upper surface of the equipment box is provided with an air outlet, and the bottom end of the air outlet pipe penetrates through the air outlet and extends to the inside of the equipment box.
Preferably, the fixed plate is fixedly connected to the inside of the air guide box, the first threaded rod penetrates through the side wall of the air guide box and extends to the inside of the air guide box to be rotatably connected to the outer surface of the fixed plate, a threaded ring is connected to the outer surface of the first threaded rod in a threaded manner, transmission rods are movably hinged to two sides of the threaded ring, and one end, far away from the threaded ring, of each transmission rod is movably hinged to the inner side wall of the baffle.
Preferably, a sliding groove is formed in the inner side wall of the air guide box, a sliding head is fixedly connected to one side of the outer surface of the baffle plate, the sliding head is connected to the inside of the sliding groove in a sliding mode, a first shaft seat is fixedly connected to the other side of the outer surface of the baffle plate, second shaft seats are fixedly connected to two sides of the threaded ring, and two ends of the transmission rod are respectively and movably hinged to the inside of the first shaft seat and the inside of the second shaft seat.
Preferably, the inside fixedly connected with hang plate of water deflector, the quantity of hang plate is two sets of, two sets of one side downward sloping that the hang plate carried on the back mutually, the equal fixedly connected with second threaded rod in both ends of water deflector, the equal fixedly connected with connecting rod of both sides lower surface of breakwater, the bottom fixedly connected with lantern ring of connecting rod, the surface at the second threaded rod is cup jointed in the lantern ring activity, the outside threaded connection that the surface of second threaded rod just is located the lantern ring has fixed spiro.
Preferably, the two sides of the air inlet box are fixedly connected with third threaded rods, the third threaded rods are movably inserted into the side walls of the equipment box, and the outer surfaces of the third threaded rods and the inner threads of the equipment box are connected with fixing nuts.
Preferably, the outer surface of the air inlet box is provided with a movable groove, the outer surface of the air inlet box is positioned below the movable groove and provided with a fixed groove, the sliding block is connected inside the movable groove in a sliding mode, the dust guard is movably inserted into the fixed groove, the bottom end of the sliding block is fixedly connected with a clamping rod, the upper surface of the dust guard is provided with a slot, the bottom end of the clamping rod is movably inserted into the slot, and the outer surface of the dust guard is fixedly connected with a pulling handle.
Preferably, the clamping assembly comprises a clamping sleeve, a fixed sleeve, a spring and a movable rod, the clamping sleeve is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the air inlet box, the fixed sleeve is fixedly connected to two sides of the inner portion of the clamping sleeve, the spring is movably clamped inside the fixed sleeve, and the end portion of the movable rod is movably inserted inside the fixed sleeve.
Preferably, one end of the dust guard, which is far away from the sliding block, is movably inserted into the jacket, and one end of the movable rod, which is far away from the fixed sleeve, is abutted against the end part of the dust guard.
Preferably, the exhaust fan and the air intake fan are both electrically connected with an external power supply through a control switch, the output direction of the exhaust fan is vertical upward, and the output direction of the air intake fan is vertical downward.
The invention provides a cooling device for a box-type substation, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. the cooling equipment for the box-type substation can select corresponding number of equipment boxes and air inlet boxes according to actual use requirements during use, different equipment is placed in different equipment boxes and positioned in the middle of the upper surface of the stop lever, then the end part of the first threaded rod is rotated on the outer surface of the fixed plate by rotating the first threaded rod, the threaded ring moves towards one side close to the fixed plate on the outer surface of the first threaded rod, at the same time, transmission rods on two sides of the threaded ring rotate and pull two groups of baffles to move towards the middle part along a sliding groove, at the same time, the baffles are moved away from the inner side wall of an air guide opening, then an air guide pipe on the side surface of the bottom end of the air inlet box is inserted into the air guide opening to be connected, so that a group of air inlet boxes is fixedly connected between every two groups of equipment boxes, external air flow is guided into the air inlet boxes through the air inlet boxes during use, then the air flow moves downwards and enters the equipment boxes to move upwards through the air guide boxes, at this moment, cold airflow moves upwards from the inside of the equipment box all around, and hot airflow rises simultaneously, and the fan of airing exhaust through the inside of the exhaust box is outwards discharged, avoids appearing that multiunit equipment piles up together, leads to the condition that the heat between the equipment can't be derived to take place, simultaneously according to the circulation characteristic of air current, rationally dredges the air current circulation, derives the equipment box with the heat of the inside of the equipment box.
2. This a cooling arrangement for box-type substation, the device is through the equal fixedly connected with breakwater in the top of each group's row of bellows, while equipment box fixedly connected with air inlet case between two liang, make the breakwater at two sets of equipment box tops carry out fixed connection through the second threaded rod of water deflector side simultaneously, strengthen the waterproof nature of breakwater junction, simultaneously when the rainwater leaks downwards through the gap, just fall on the water deflector, and derive to front and back both sides through the inside hang plate of water deflector, the inside that avoids the rainwater to enter into the air inlet case causes the damage to the air inlet fan of air inlet incasement portion.
3. The cooling device for the box-type substation is characterized in that in the using process, some dust inevitably enters the air inlet box from the top of the air inlet box, the impurities with larger particles are shielded by the metal mesh at the moment, the damage of the air inlet fan caused by large-particle impurities is avoided, meanwhile, the dust with smaller particles is adsorbed by the dust-proof plate, the dust is prevented from entering the equipment box and being adsorbed on the surface of the equipment, the self heat dissipation efficiency of the equipment is reduced, but some extremely small dust also enters the equipment box, the flowing direction of airflow entering the equipment transversely flows into the air guide box at the bottom from the bottom end of the air inlet box and then flows upwards into the equipment box, the flowing direction of the airflow has a corner, and most of the dust entering the air guide box is accumulated in the air guide box, after using a period, through with slider along the activity groove rebound for the kelly breaks away from the slot is inside, and the dust guard outwards pops out under the effect of spring this moment, then takes out the dust guard and clears up, avoids the dust to pile up the condition that makes the air inlet efficiency of air inlet fan reduce and appears.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the main structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the apparatus box of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of the exhaust box of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the wind guiding box of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 4 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the water baffle of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the air inlet box of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the portion B of FIG. 7 according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a latch assembly of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. an equipment box; 2. an air inlet box; 3. an exhaust box; 4. a water baffle; 5. a water guide plate; 6. a wind guide box; 7. a stop lever; 8. an air outlet; 9. a box door; 10. filtering with a screen; 11. a partition plate; 12. an exhaust fan; 13. an air outlet pipe; 14. a wind guide opening; 15. a baffle plate; 16. a fixing plate; 17. a first threaded rod; 18. a chute; 19. a threaded ring; 20. a transmission rod; 21. an inclined plate; 22. a second threaded rod; 23. a connecting rod; 24. fixing the spiro ring; 25. an air intake fan; 26. an air guide pipe; 27. a third threaded rod; 28. a metal mesh; 29. a dust-proof plate; 30. a clamping assembly; 301. a jacket; 302. fixing the sleeve; 303. a spring; 304. a movable rod; 31. pulling the handle; 32. a slider; 33. a clamping rod; 34. fixing grooves; 35. a movable groove.
Detailed Description
The embodiment of the invention provides a cooling device for a box-type substation, and the invention is further explained with reference to the embodiment.
The first embodiment,
As shown in fig. 1-9, comprising a device box 1, a box door 9 is rotatably connected to the outer surface of the device box 1, an air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the device box 1, an air exhaust box 3 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the device box 1, a water baffle 4 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the air exhaust box 3, filter screens 10 are fixedly connected to both sides of the air exhaust box 3, a partition plate 11 is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3, air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly connected to both sides of the partition plate 11 and lower surfaces of the air exhaust box 3, the air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly inserted into the upper surface of the device box 1, air exhaust fans 12 are fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3 and between the two sets of filter screens 10 and the two sets of air outlet pipes 13, a water guide plate 5 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the water baffle 4 and right above the air inlet box 2, a stop lever 7 is fixedly connected to the inner bottom of the device box 1, and an air guide box 6 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the device box 1, the air guide box 6 is provided with air guide openings 14 on both sides, a baffle plate 15 is connected on the inner side wall of the air guide opening 14 in a sliding manner, a first threaded rod 17 is connected inside the air guide box 6 in a rotating manner, the first threaded rod 17 is connected with the baffle plate 15 in a transmission manner, a metal net 28 is fixedly connected on the inner top of the air inlet box 2, a dustproof plate 29 is movably inserted inside the air inlet box 2 and below the metal net 28, an air inlet fan 25 is fixedly connected inside the air inlet box 2 and below the dustproof plate 29, air guide pipes 26 are fixedly connected on both sides of the bottom end of the air inlet box 2, the air guide pipes 26 are movably inserted inside the air guide openings 14, a clamping component 30 is fixedly connected on the inner side wall of the air inlet box 2, a sliding block 32 is movably clamped on the outer surface of the air inlet box 2, one end of the dustproof plate 29 is movably clamped with the bottom end of the sliding block 32, the other end of the dustproof plate 29 is movably clamped inside the clamping component 30, an air outlet 8 is arranged on the upper surface of the equipment box 1, the bottom end of the air outlet pipe 13 penetrates through the air outlet 8 and extends to the inside of the equipment boxes 1, the exhaust fan 12 and the air inlet fan 25 are electrically connected with an external power supply through a control switch, the output direction of the exhaust fan 12 is vertical upwards, the output direction of the air inlet fan 25 is vertical downwards, different equipment is placed in different equipment boxes 1 and is positioned in the middle of the upper surface of the stop lever 7 when in use, meanwhile, a group of air inlet boxes 2 are fixedly connected between every two groups of equipment boxes 1, when in use, the switches of the air inlet fans 25 and the air outlet fans 12 in the air inlet boxes 2 and the air outlet boxes 3 are opened, at the moment, the air inlet boxes 2 guide external air flow into the air inlet boxes 2 through the air inlet fans 25, then the air flow moves downwards to enter the air guide boxes 6 at two sides through the air guide pipes 26 at two sides of the air inlet boxes 2, and the cold air flow enters the equipment boxes 1 through the air guide boxes 6 to move upwards, because equipment is in the upper surface middle part of pin 7, the cold air current upwards moves around from the inside of equipment box 1 this moment, and the hot gas flow rises simultaneously, outwards discharges through the inside fan 12 of airing exhaust of exhaust case 3, according to the circulation characteristic of air current, rationally dredge the air current circulation, derive equipment box 1 with the heat of equipment box 1 inside, accomplish the inside heat exchange of equipment box 1, avoid the inside heat of equipment box 1 to distribute inhomogeneous and have the unreasonable condition appearance of air current direction.
Example II,
As shown in fig. 1-9, comprising a device box 1, a box door 9 is rotatably connected to the outer surface of the device box 1, an air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the device box 1, an air exhaust box 3 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the device box 1, a water baffle 4 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the air exhaust box 3, filter screens 10 are fixedly connected to both sides of the air exhaust box 3, a partition plate 11 is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3, air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly connected to both sides of the partition plate 11 and lower surfaces of the air exhaust box 3, the air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly inserted into the upper surface of the device box 1, air exhaust fans 12 are fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3 and between the two sets of filter screens 10 and the two sets of air outlet pipes 13, a water guide plate 5 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the water baffle 4 and right above the air inlet box 2, a stop lever 7 is fixedly connected to the inner bottom of the device box 1, and an air guide box 6 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the device box 1, the air guide box 6 is provided with air guide openings 14 on both sides, a baffle plate 15 is connected on the inner side wall of the air guide opening 14 in a sliding manner, a first threaded rod 17 is rotatably connected inside the air guide box 6, the first threaded rod 17 is connected with the baffle plate 15 in a transmission manner, a metal mesh 28 is fixedly connected on the inner top of the air inlet box 2, a dust guard 29 is movably inserted inside the air inlet box 2 and below the metal mesh 28, an air inlet fan 25 is fixedly connected inside the air inlet box 2 and below the dust guard 29, air guide pipes 26 are fixedly connected on both sides of the bottom end of the air inlet box 2, the air guide pipes 26 are movably inserted inside the air guide openings 14, a clamping assembly 30 is fixedly connected on the inner side wall of the air inlet box 2, a sliding block 32 is movably clamped on the outer surface of the air inlet box 2, one end of the dust guard 29 is movably clamped with the bottom end of the sliding block 32, the other end of the dust guard 29 is movably clamped inside the clamping assembly 30, a fixing plate 16 is fixedly connected inside the air guide box 6, the first threaded rod 17 penetrates through the side wall of the air guide box 6 and extends to the inside of the air guide box 6 to be rotatably connected to the outer surface of the fixing plate 16, the outer surface of the first threaded rod 17 is in threaded connection with a threaded ring 19, two sides of the threaded ring 19 are both movably hinged with transmission rods 20, one end, far away from the threaded ring 19, of each transmission rod 20 is movably hinged to the inner side wall of the baffle plate 15, a sliding groove 18 is formed in the inner side wall of the air guide box 6, one side of the outer surface of the baffle plate 15 is fixedly connected with a sliding head which is in sliding connection with the inside of the sliding groove 18, the other side of the outer surface of the baffle plate 15 is fixedly connected with a first shaft seat, two sides of the threaded ring 19 are both fixedly connected with second shaft seats, two ends of each transmission rod 20 are respectively and movably hinged to the inside of the first shaft seat and the second shaft seats, when the air inlet box 1 and the air inlet box 2 are used, a corresponding number can be selected according to actual use requirements, and the first threaded rod 17 is rotated, the end part of the first threaded rod 17 rotates on the outer surface of the fixed plate 16, the threaded ring 19 moves on the outer surface of the first threaded rod 17 to one side close to the fixed plate 16, the transmission rods 20 on both sides of the threaded ring 19 rotate and pull the two sets of baffles 15 to move towards the middle part along the sliding grooves 18, the baffles 15 move away from the inner side wall of the air guide opening 14, the air guide opening 14 is in an open state, then the air guide pipes 26 on the side surface of the bottom end of the air inlet box 2 are inserted into the air guide opening 14 to be connected, at the same time, the air inlet box 2 introduces air flow inwards through the air inlet fan 25, the air flow is divided by the fixed plate 16 to flow towards the air guide pipes 26 on both sides and finally enters into the air guide boxes 6 on both sides, the air flow is uniformly conveyed to the air guide boxes 6 on both sides by the air inlet box 2, and the originally piled up equipment is divided into different equipment boxes 1 by the mode, and each group of equipment can carry out air flow exchange, so that the condition that heat among the equipment cannot be led out due to the fact that a plurality of groups of equipment are stacked together is avoided.
Example III,
As shown in fig. 1-9, comprising an equipment box 1, a box door 9 is rotatably connected to the outer surface of the equipment box 1, an air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the equipment box 1, an air exhaust box 3 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the equipment box 1, a water baffle 4 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the air exhaust box 3, filter screens 10 are fixedly connected to both sides of the air exhaust box 3, a partition 11 is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3, air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly connected to the lower surfaces of both sides of the partition 11 inside the air exhaust box 3, the air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly inserted into the upper surface of the equipment box 1, an air exhaust fan 12 is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3 and between the two sets of filter screens 10 and the two sets of air outlet pipes 13, a water deflector 5 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the water baffle 4 and directly above the air inlet box 2, a baffle 7 is fixedly connected to the inner bottom of the equipment box 1, and an air guide box 6 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the equipment box 1, the two sides of the air guide box 6 are respectively provided with an air guide opening 14, the inner side wall of the air guide opening 14 is connected with a baffle plate 15 in a sliding way, the interior of the air guide box 6 is connected with a first threaded rod 17 in a rotating way, the first threaded rod 17 is connected with the baffle plate 15 in a transmission way, the inner top of the air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected with a metal net 28, a dust guard 29 is movably inserted in the air inlet box 2 and positioned below the metal net 28, an air inlet fan 25 is fixedly connected in the air inlet box 2 and positioned below the dust guard 29, two sides of the bottom end of the air inlet box 2 are both fixedly connected with air guide pipes 26, the air guide pipes 26 are movably inserted in the air guide opening 14, the inner side wall of the air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected with a clamping component 30, the outer surface of the air inlet box 2 is movably clamped with a sliding block 32, one end of the dust guard 29 is movably clamped with the bottom end of the sliding block 32, the other end of the dust guard 29 is movably clamped in the clamping component 30, the interior of the water guide plate 5 is fixedly connected with an inclined plate 21, the quantity of the inclined plates 21 is two groups, one side of each of the two groups of the inclined plates 21, which is opposite to the other side, inclines downwards, two ends of the water guide plate 5 are fixedly connected with second threaded rods 22, the lower surfaces of two sides of the water baffle plate 4 are fixedly connected with connecting rods 23, the bottom end of each connecting rod 23 is fixedly connected with a lantern ring, the lantern ring is movably sleeved on the outer surface of each second threaded rod 22, which is positioned on the outer side of the lantern ring, is in threaded connection with a fixed spiral ring 24, the water baffle plate 4 on the top of each group of the equipment boxes 1 is fixedly connected with the water baffle plate 4 on the top of each group of the air exhaust boxes 3 through the top of each group of the air exhaust boxes 3, meanwhile, when the equipment boxes are installed, the air inlet boxes 2 are fixedly connected between every two equipment boxes 1, meanwhile, the water baffle plate 4 on the top of each group of the equipment boxes 1 is fixedly connected through the second threaded rods 22 on the outer surface of the water guide plate 5 through the lantern ring, meanwhile, the outer surface of the second threaded rods 22 is in threaded connection with the fixed spiral ring 24, at this moment, breakwater 4 is in the same place two double-phase fixed connection, strengthen the waterproof nature of breakwater 4 junction, simultaneously when the rainwater leaks downwards through the gap, just fall on water deflector 5, and derive to the front and back both sides through the inside hang plate 21 of water deflector 5, the inside of avoiding the rainwater to enter into air inlet case 2 causes the damage to the inside air inlet fan 25 of air inlet case 2, breakwater 4 still plays certain sunshade effect to equipment box 1 simultaneously, avoid directly shining on equipment box 1 in the sun in summer, make equipment box 1's temperature further rise.
Example four,
As shown in fig. 1-9, comprising an equipment box 1, a box door 9 is rotatably connected to the outer surface of the equipment box 1, an air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the equipment box 1, an air exhaust box 3 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the equipment box 1, a water baffle 4 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the air exhaust box 3, filter screens 10 are fixedly connected to both sides of the air exhaust box 3, a partition 11 is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3, air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly connected to the lower surfaces of both sides of the partition 11 inside the air exhaust box 3, the air outlet pipes 13 are fixedly inserted into the upper surface of the equipment box 1, an air exhaust fan 12 is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box 3 and between the two sets of filter screens 10 and the two sets of air outlet pipes 13, a water deflector 5 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the water baffle 4 and directly above the air inlet box 2, a baffle 7 is fixedly connected to the inner bottom of the equipment box 1, and an air guide box 6 is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the equipment box 1, the two sides of the air guide box 6 are respectively provided with an air guide opening 14, the inner side wall of the air guide opening 14 is connected with a baffle plate 15 in a sliding way, the interior of the air guide box 6 is connected with a first threaded rod 17 in a rotating way, the first threaded rod 17 is connected with the baffle plate 15 in a transmission way, the inner top of the air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected with a metal net 28, a dust guard 29 is movably inserted in the air inlet box 2 and positioned below the metal net 28, an air inlet fan 25 is fixedly connected in the air inlet box 2 and positioned below the dust guard 29, the two sides of the bottom end of the air inlet box 2 are both fixedly connected with air guide pipes 26, the air guide pipes 26 are movably inserted in the air guide openings 14, the inner side wall of the air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected with a clamping component 30, the outer surface of the air inlet box 2 is movably clamped with a sliding block 32, one end of the dust guard 29 is movably clamped with the bottom end of the sliding block 32, the other end of the dust guard 29 is movably clamped in the clamping component 30, the two sides of the air inlet box 2 are both fixedly connected with third threaded rods 27, the third threaded rod 27 is movably inserted on the side wall of the equipment box 1, the outer surface of the third threaded rod 27 and the inner thread of the equipment box 1 are connected with a fixed nut, the outer surface of the air inlet box 2 is provided with a movable groove 35, the outer surface of the air inlet box 2 and the lower part of the movable groove 35 are provided with a fixed groove 34, the sliding block 32 is slidably connected inside the movable groove 35, the dustproof plate 29 is movably inserted inside the fixed groove 34, the bottom end of the sliding block 32 is fixedly connected with a clamping rod 33, the upper surface of the dustproof plate 29 is provided with a slot, the bottom end of the clamping rod 33 is movably inserted inside the slot, the outer surface of the dustproof plate 29 is fixedly connected with a pulling handle 31, the clamping assembly 30 comprises a clamping sleeve 301, a fixed sleeve 302, a spring 303 and a movable rod 304, the clamping sleeve 301 is fixedly connected on the inner side wall of the air inlet box 2, the fixed sleeve 302 is fixedly connected on the two sides of the inner part of the clamping sleeve 301, the spring 303 is movably clamped inside of the fixed sleeve 302, the end of the movable rod 304 is movably inserted in the fixed sleeve 302, the end of the dust guard 29 far from the sliding block 32 is movably inserted in the jacket 301, the end of the movable rod 304 far from the fixed sleeve 302 abuts against the end of the dust guard 29, when the device is installed, the air inlet box 2 is fixedly connected to the side of the equipment box 1 through the third threaded rod 27, the dust guard 29 is pushed inwards along the fixed groove 34, the end of the dust guard 29 enters the jacket 301 to extrude the movable rod 304, the spring 303 is compressed, then the sliding block 32 moves downwards, the clamping rod 33 enters the slot to fix the dust guard 29, at the moment, the fixed assembly is completed, meanwhile, in the using process, certain dust inevitably enters the air inlet box 2 from the top, at the moment, certain large-particle impurities are shielded through the metal mesh 28, the damage of large-particle impurities to the air inlet fan 25 is avoided, meanwhile, the dust-proof plate 29 adsorbs some smaller dust particles, the dust is prevented from entering the equipment box 1 and being adsorbed on the surface of the equipment, so that the self heat dissipation efficiency of the equipment is reduced, but some extremely small dust enters the equipment box 1, the flowing direction of the air flow entering the equipment box 1 is that the air flow transversely flows into the air guide box 6 at the bottom from the bottom end of the air inlet box 2 and then flows upwards to enter the equipment box 1, at the moment, the flowing direction of the air flow has a corner, most of the dust entering the air guide box 6 is accumulated in the air guide box 6, after the air flow is used for a period of time, the slide block 32 moves upwards along the movable groove 35, so that the clamping rod 33 is separated from the inside of the slot, at the moment, the dust-proof plate 29 is outwards ejected under the action of the spring 303, then the dust-proof plate 29 is taken out for cleaning, thereby avoiding the situation that the dust is accumulated to reduce the air intake efficiency of the air intake fan 25.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (8)

1. A cooling device for a box-type substation, comprising a device box (1), characterized in that: the air exhaust box is characterized in that a box door (9) is rotatably connected to the outer surface of the equipment box (1), an air inlet box (2) is fixedly connected to the side surface of the equipment box (1), an air exhaust box (3) is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the equipment box (1), a water baffle plate (4) is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the air exhaust box (3), filter screens (10) are fixedly connected to the two sides of the air exhaust box (3), a partition plate (11) is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box (3), air outlet pipes (13) are fixedly connected to the lower surfaces of the two sides of the partition plate (11), the air outlet pipes (13) are fixedly inserted into the upper surface of the equipment box (1), an air exhaust fan (12) is fixedly connected to the inside of the air exhaust box (3) and located between the two sets of filter screens (10) and the two sets of air outlet pipes (13), and a water guide plate (5) is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the water baffle plate (4) and located right above the air inlet box (2), the inner bottom of the equipment box (1) is fixedly connected with a stop lever (7), the lower surface of the equipment box (1) is fixedly connected with an air guide box (6), air guide openings (14) are formed in two sides of the air guide box (6), a baffle (15) is connected to the inner side wall of each air guide opening (14) in a sliding mode, a first threaded rod (17) is connected to the inner portion of the air guide box (6) in a rotating mode, the first threaded rod (17) is connected with the baffle (15) in a transmission mode, a metal net (28) is fixedly connected to the inner top of the air inlet box (2), a dust guard (29) is movably inserted into the inner portion of the air inlet box (2) and located below the metal net (28), an air inlet fan (25) is fixedly connected to the inner portion of the air inlet box (2) and located below the dust guard (29), air guide pipes (26) are fixedly connected to two sides of the bottom end of the air inlet box (2), the air guide pipe (26) is movably inserted into the air guide opening (14), a clamping component (30) is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the air inlet box (2), a sliding block (32) is movably clamped on the outer surface of the air inlet box (2), one end of the dust-proof plate (29) is movably clamped with the bottom end of the sliding block (32), and the other end of the dust-proof plate (29) is movably clamped inside the clamping component (30);
the inner part of the air guide box (6) is fixedly connected with a fixing plate (16), a first threaded rod (17) penetrates through the side wall of the air guide box (6) and extends to the inner part of the air guide box (6) to be rotatably connected to the outer surface of the fixing plate (16), a threaded ring (19) is in threaded connection with the outer surface of the first threaded rod (17), two sides of the threaded ring (19) are respectively and movably hinged with a transmission rod (20), and one end, far away from the threaded ring (19), of the transmission rod (20) is movably hinged to the inner side wall of the baffle plate (15);
the wind guide box is characterized in that a sliding groove (18) is formed in the inner side wall of the wind guide box (6), a sliding head is fixedly connected to one side of the outer surface of the baffle plate (15), the sliding head is connected to the inside of the sliding groove (18) in a sliding mode, the other side of the outer surface of the baffle plate (15) is fixedly connected with a first shaft seat, second shaft seats are fixedly connected to the two sides of the threaded ring (19), and the two ends of the transmission rod (20) are movably hinged to the inside of the first shaft seat and the inside of the second shaft seats respectively.
2. A cooling device for a box substation according to claim 1, characterized in that: air outlet (8) have been seted up to the upper surface of equipment box (1), the bottom of air-out pipe (13) runs through air outlet (8) and extends to the inside of equipment box (1).
3. A cooling device for a box substation according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inside fixedly connected with hang plate (21) of water deflector (5), the quantity of hang plate (21) is two sets of, two sets of one side downward sloping that hang plate (21) carried on the back mutually, the equal fixedly connected with second threaded rod (22) in both ends of water deflector (5), the equal fixedly connected with connecting rod (23) of both sides lower surface of breakwater (4), the bottom fixedly connected with lantern ring of connecting rod (23), the surface at second threaded rod (22) is cup jointed in the lantern ring activity, the outside threaded connection that the surface of second threaded rod (22) just is located the lantern ring has fixed spiro (24).
4. A cooling device for a box substation according to claim 1, characterized in that: the air inlet box is characterized in that third threaded rods (27) are fixedly connected to the two sides of the air inlet box (2), the third threaded rods (27) are movably inserted into the side wall of the equipment box (1), and fixing nuts are connected to the outer surfaces of the third threaded rods (27) and the inner threads of the equipment box (1).
5. A cooling device for a box substation according to claim 1, characterized in that: activity groove (35) have been seted up to the surface of air inlet box (2), fixed slot (34) have been seted up to the surface of air inlet box (2) and the below that is located activity groove (35), slider (32) sliding connection is in the inside of activity groove (35), the inside at fixed slot (34) is pegged graft in dust guard (29) activity, the bottom fixedly connected with kelly (33) of slider (32), the slot has been seted up to the upper surface of dust guard (29), the bottom activity of kelly (33) is pegged graft in the inside of slot, the outer fixed surface of dust guard (29) is connected with pulling handle (31).
6. A cooling device for a box substation according to claim 1, characterized in that: the clamping assembly (30) comprises a clamping sleeve (301), a fixed sleeve (302), a spring (303) and a movable rod (304), wherein the clamping sleeve (301) is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the air inlet box (2), the fixed sleeve (302) is fixedly connected to two sides of the inside of the clamping sleeve (301), the spring (303) is movably clamped inside the fixed sleeve (302), and the end part of the movable rod (304) is movably inserted into the inside of the fixed sleeve (302).
7. A cooling device for a box substation according to claim 6, characterized in that: one end of the dust guard (29) far away from the sliding block (32) is movably inserted into the jacket (301), and one end of the movable rod (304) far away from the fixed sleeve (302) is abutted to the end of the dust guard (29).
8. A cooling device for a box substation according to claim 1, characterized in that: the exhaust fan (12) and the air inlet fan (25) are electrically connected with an external power supply through a control switch, the output direction of the exhaust fan (12) is vertical upward, and the output direction of the air inlet fan (25) is vertical downward.
CN202011037077.8A 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Cooling equipment for box-type substation Active CN112134185B (en)

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CN202011037077.8A CN112134185B (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Cooling equipment for box-type substation

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CN202011037077.8A CN112134185B (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Cooling equipment for box-type substation

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CN112822882B (en) * 2021-03-30 2022-04-08 兰州文理学院 Information processing device based on big data

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CN203617593U (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-05-28 湖南湘能电力强弱电工程有限公司 Box-type transformer station
CN107105606A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-08-29 杭州儒燕科技开发有限公司 A kind of electric cabinet heat radiation arrangement units and control method
CN207651824U (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-07-24 中诚国联(北京)投资管理有限公司 A kind of novel distribution cabinet
CN208905262U (en) * 2018-05-30 2019-05-24 特变电工西安电气科技有限公司 A kind of high-power outdoor radiating cabinet structure
CN210838651U (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-06-23 陕西秦通电力设备销售有限公司 Prefabricated compact intelligent box-type substation
CN210926839U (en) * 2019-11-16 2020-07-03 西安新合电器设备有限公司 Box-type substation

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203617593U (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-05-28 湖南湘能电力强弱电工程有限公司 Box-type transformer station
CN107105606A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-08-29 杭州儒燕科技开发有限公司 A kind of electric cabinet heat radiation arrangement units and control method
CN207651824U (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-07-24 中诚国联(北京)投资管理有限公司 A kind of novel distribution cabinet
CN208905262U (en) * 2018-05-30 2019-05-24 特变电工西安电气科技有限公司 A kind of high-power outdoor radiating cabinet structure
CN210926839U (en) * 2019-11-16 2020-07-03 西安新合电器设备有限公司 Box-type substation
CN210838651U (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-06-23 陕西秦通电力设备销售有限公司 Prefabricated compact intelligent box-type substation

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