CN112031211A - Assembled composite wall - Google Patents

Assembled composite wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112031211A
CN112031211A CN202011040822.4A CN202011040822A CN112031211A CN 112031211 A CN112031211 A CN 112031211A CN 202011040822 A CN202011040822 A CN 202011040822A CN 112031211 A CN112031211 A CN 112031211A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
composite wall
facing
heat
decorative surface
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN202011040822.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄晓康
孔维拯
陈玲
潘广元
李帅
程泽豪
王洋
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China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd
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China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd filed Critical China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd
Priority to CN202011040822.4A priority Critical patent/CN112031211A/en
Publication of CN112031211A publication Critical patent/CN112031211A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/72Non-load-bearing walls of elements of relatively thin form with respect to the thickness of the wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of constructional engineering, and discloses an assembled composite wall, which comprises a plurality of spliced composite wall units, wherein any composite wall unit comprises an interior finish layer; a force-bearing member comprising a structural frame and a support member, the support member having at least one recess and a projection; at least one heat-insulating layer back to the inner decorative surface layer is filled in the concave part; the outer decorative surface is arranged on the opposite side of the inner decorative surface facing the heat-insulating layer; the distance between the outer surface of the inner decorative surface layer and the outer surface of the outer decorative surface layer is the total thickness of the composite wall body, and the total thickness is 150mm-200 mm. The installation cavity is formed in the structural frame, and the heat-insulating layer is filled in the concave part of the supporting member in the installation cavity, so that the thickness of the composite wall body is reduced on the premise of ensuring the heat-insulating and energy-saving performance of the wallboard, the thickness of the composite wall body is reduced by 50% compared with the thickness of the existing composite wall body, and the occupied space of the wall body is reduced; and meanwhile, the combination between the heat-insulating layer and the supporting structure is firmer.

Description

Assembled composite wall
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of constructional engineering, in particular to an assembled composite wall.
Background
Assembly decoration is a form of decorative construction emerging in recent years. The assembled decoration is as the name implies, namely, each part required to be used for decoration is produced and completed in a factory and then is transported to a decoration site for combined installation, so that the operations of measurement, cutting and the like of each part in the traditional decoration site are omitted, the construction is simpler and more convenient, the construction efficiency of the decoration site can be greatly improved, the construction site is cleaner and more beautiful, excessive decorative material garbage cannot be generated, and the assembled decoration is a more environment-friendly decoration construction form.
The composite wall is a new generation of high-performance building inner partition board produced in industrialized production, and is compounded by a plurality of building materials. The assembled composite wall body replaces the traditional bricks and tiles, and the construction efficiency can be greatly improved.
Building energy conservation is a mandatory standard in the field of buildings in China, and with the continuous improvement of the building energy conservation standard in China, the assembled heat-preservation composite wall panel for heat preservation and heat insulation becomes a trend. The traditional composite wall body with the prefabricated concrete structure is generally a steel concrete wallboard, is heavy and inconvenient to construct, and leads to difficult popularization. On the other hand thermal insulation performance is relatively poor, adopts the outer heated board of pasting in later stage mostly, and processes such as secondary wall processing waste time and energy, have increased engineering cost to a certain extent, and the outer formula heated board that pastes produces the problem that drops easily, increase cost of maintenance.
Present heat retaining assembled composite wall body is direct to pass through the screw or gluing agent bonding with the heated board and fixes between concrete slab and decorative board or pass through fasteners such as screws with the heated board and install on profiled sheet's rib for the whole thickness of wallboard is around 300 supplyes 400mm, thickness is thicker, the cost of manufacture is higher, thicker wall body occupies the space during construction greatly, make the indoor area that is compact originally littleer, and corresponding building construction cost increases moreover, engineering cost is high, be not convenient for promote.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems that the assembled composite wall in the prior art is thick, large in occupied space, high in engineering cost and inconvenient to popularize, and therefore the assembled composite wall which is thin, light, small in occupied space, heat-insulating and energy-saving is provided.
Therefore, the invention provides an assembly type composite wall, which comprises a plurality of spliced composite wall units, wherein any composite wall unit comprises:
an interior finish layer;
the stress member comprises a structural frame with a mounting cavity and a supporting member filled in the structural frame, wherein the supporting member is provided with at least one concave part which is concave towards the direction of the interior finishing layer and at least one convex part which is convex away from the direction of the interior finishing layer;
at least one heat-insulating layer, which is arranged in the concave part in a way of being back to the interior decorative surface layer;
the outer decorative surface layer is arranged on the opposite side of the inner decorative surface layer facing the heat insulation layer;
the distance between the outer surface of the inner decorative surface layer, which is back to the outer decorative surface layer, and the outer surface of the outer decorative surface layer, which is back to the inner decorative surface layer, is the total thickness of the composite wall body, and the total thickness is 150mm-200 mm.
Optionally, in the fabricated composite wall, the heat insulation layer partially extends to the outer side of the installation cavity towards the exterior finishing layer to form an outer extension portion, and the outer extension portion is adapted to be tightly attached to the exterior finishing layer;
the side surface of the stress member facing the outer decoration layer, the side wall of the extension part and the inner surface of the outer decoration layer jointly enclose a first filling interval, and a cold and hot bridge blocking layer is filled in the first filling interval.
Optionally, the fabricated composite wall includes at least two heat insulating layers, a gap is formed between the at least two heat insulating layers, the gap, the inner surface of the exterior finishing layer and the convex surface of the convex portion facing the exterior finishing layer jointly enclose a second filling gap, and a cold and hot bridge blocking layer is also filled in the second filling gap.
Optionally, in the fabricated composite wall, the outer facing layer is a calcium silicate board, and the blocking layer corresponding to the cold and hot bridge is a rubber pad.
Optionally, in the fabricated composite wall, the outer facing layer is heat insulation mortar coated on the outer surface of the heat insulation layer, and the blocking layer corresponding to the cold and hot bridge is heat insulation mortar.
Optionally, the fabricated composite wall further comprises a waterproof material layer, and the waterproof material layer is tightly attached between the exterior finishing layer and the heat insulation layer.
Optionally, the supporting member is adapted to be closely attached to the interior finishing layer.
Optionally, in the fabricated composite wall, the convex portion is arranged in a shape of a throat from the outer facing layer toward the inner facing layer.
Optionally, in the fabricated composite wall, a joint between one side edge of any one of the convex portions and a bottom edge of an adjacent concave portion and a joint between the other side edge of the convex portion and a bottom edge of an adjacent concave portion are tightly attached to each other, so that the convex portion is in a closed shape.
Optionally, the assembled composite wall further includes a decorative coating respectively coated on the outer surface of the inner facing layer and/or the outer facing layer.
The technical scheme of the invention has the following advantages:
1. the assembled composite wall comprises a plurality of composite wall units formed by splicing, wherein any composite wall unit comprises:
an interior finish layer;
the stress member comprises a structural frame with a mounting cavity and a supporting member filled in the structural frame, wherein the supporting member is provided with at least one concave part which is concave towards the direction of the interior finishing layer and at least one convex part which is convex away from the direction of the interior finishing layer;
at least one heat-insulating layer, which is arranged in the concave part in a way of being back to the interior decorative surface layer;
the outer decorative surface layer is arranged on the opposite side of the inner decorative surface layer facing the heat insulation layer;
the distance between the outer surface of the inner decorative surface layer, which is back to the outer decorative surface layer, and the outer surface of the outer decorative surface layer, which is back to the inner decorative surface layer, is the total thickness of the composite wall body, and the total thickness is 150mm-200 mm.
According to the fabricated composite wall body with the structure, the installation cavity is formed in the structural frame, and the heat-insulating layer is filled in the concave part of the supporting member in the installation cavity, so that the thickness of the composite wall body is reduced on the premise of ensuring the heat-insulating and energy-saving performance of the wallboard, the thickness of the composite wall body is reduced by 50% compared with the thickness of the existing composite wall body, and the occupied space of the wall body is reduced; meanwhile, the combination between the heat-insulating layer and the supporting structure is firmer, and the integrity of the wallboard is stronger.
2. According to the assembly type composite wall body, the heat insulation layer partially extends to the outer side of the installation cavity towards the outer facing layer to form an extension portion, and the extension portion is suitable for being tightly attached to the outer facing layer;
the side surface of the stress member facing the outer decoration layer, the side wall of the extension part and the inner surface of the outer decoration layer jointly enclose a first filling interval, and a cold and hot bridge blocking layer is filled in the first filling interval. A cold and hot bridge blocking layer is arranged outside the structural framework, so that the cold and hot bridge effect of the wall body can be effectively prevented.
3. According to the fabricated composite wall, the outer decorative surface layer is a calcium silicate board, and the cold and hot bridge blocking layer is a rubber pad. The calcium silicate board is used as an outer decorative surface, has waterproof function, and is suitable for cold northern areas.
4. According to the fabricated composite wall, the outer decorative surface layer is thermal insulation mortar coated on the outer surface of the thermal insulation layer, and the blocking layer corresponding to the cold and hot bridge is thermal insulation mortar. The heat-insulating mortar with the low heat-conducting material is directly coated on the outer surface of the heat-insulating layer, so that the heat-insulating effect can be blocked while the heat-insulating property is improved, the construction is convenient, the whole thickness of the wall body can be effectively reduced, and the heat-insulating mortar is suitable for southern areas which are hot in summer and warm in winter.
5. According to the fabricated composite wall, the supporting member is suitable for being tightly attached to the interior finishing layer. Interior finish layer and supporting component closely laminate for interior finish layer and supporting component combined action can improve the single-point on interior finish layer and hang the power, and required single-point hangs the power requirement when guaranteeing interior decoration. Meanwhile, the thickness of the wall body can be further effectively reduced.
5. According to the assembled composite wall body, the joint of one side edge of any convex part and the bottom edge of the adjacent concave part and the joint of the other side edge of the convex part and the bottom edge of the adjacent concave part are tightly attached, so that the convex part is in a closed shape. The closed arrangement can improve the structural strength of the supporting member, thereby improving the integral bearing capacity of the stressed member.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a fabricated composite wall according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a fabricated composite wall according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a support member in embodiments 1 and 2 of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1-an interior finish layer;
2-a support member; 21-a recess; 22-a convex part;
3, insulating layer;
4-an outer finishing layer;
5-cold and heat bridge blocking layer.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the fabricated composite wall according to the present embodiment includes an interior surface layer 1, a structural frame (not shown), a support member 2, an insulation layer 3, an exterior surface layer 4, a cold and hot bridge blocking layer 5, a waterproof material layer (not shown), and a decorative coating (not shown). The structural framework is internally provided with an installation cavity, namely, the installation cavity is formed into a frame-shaped structure and distributed around the composite wall, the supporting members 2 are installed in the installation cavity of the structural framework and are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the structural framework, for example, welded or connected through fasteners such as screws, rivets and the like, and the structural framework and the supporting members 2 jointly form a stress member. The supporting member 2 is not a flat plate, as shown in fig. 3, a plurality of recesses 21 and protrusions 22 are formed on the surface, and specifically, one protrusion 22 is formed between two adjacent recesses 21, the depth of the recess 21 and the height of the protrusion 22 should not exceed the outer side of the installation cavity of the structural frame, that is, the recess or the bottom of the recess 21 is preferably even with the surface of the structural frame, or may be completely located in the installation cavity. The convex surface of the projection 22 is preferably flat with the surface of the structural frame and may be located entirely within the mounting cavity. That is, the male part 22 and the female part 21 of the support member are both located within the mounting cavity and do not extend outside the mounting cavity. The heat insulating layer 3 is filled in the concave portion 21, and may be fixed by a fastening member or may be fixed by adhesion such as an adhesive. The interior facing layer 1 and the exterior facing layer 4 are oppositely disposed at intervals on both sides of the fixing frame, i.e., the upper and lower sides as shown in fig. 1. The waterproof material layer is tightly attached between the heat preservation layer 3 and the outer facing layer 4, and water is prevented from permeating into the heat preservation layer 3 and the inner wall. The cold-hot bridge blocking layer is arranged between the finishing layer 4 and the structural frame and between the finishing layer 4 and the support element 2, in particular in a first filling space between the structural frame and the finishing layer and in a second filling space between the protrusions 22 of the support element 2 and the finishing layer 4, that is to say, the cold-hot bridge blocking layer is arranged outside the structural frame. The outer surfaces of the inner decorative surface layer 1 and the outer decorative surface layer 4 are respectively coated with decorative coatings, such as emulsion paint or stone paint, and specifically, the decorative coating of the inner decorative surface layer 1 is emulsion paint, and the decorative coating of the outer decorative surface layer 4 is stone paint. The distance between the outer surface of the interior finishing layer 1, i.e., the lower surface as shown in fig. 1, and the outer surface of the exterior finishing layer 4, i.e., the upper surface as shown in fig. 1, is the total thickness of the composite wall, and specifically, the total thickness of the composite wall is 150mm to 200 mm.
The interior surface layer 1 can be selected from conventional gypsum boards in the existing market, is tightly attached to the lower surface of the supporting member 2, specifically the supporting member 2 shown in fig. 1, and is directly attached to ensure the requirement of single-point hanging force required by interior decoration. Alternatively, a gap may be reserved between the lower surface of the supporting member 2 and the gypsum board, that is, the gypsum board is hung on the lower surface of the supporting member 2 by using conventional screws and the like. The size of the gap is not described in detail, as long as the total thickness of the composite wall is ensured to be 150-200 mm.
The support member 2 is a profiled steel sheet having a plurality of protrusions 22 and recesses 21, wherein the protrusions 22 include end ribs protruding upward toward the exterior finishing layer 4 as shown in fig. 3 at both ends and a middle rib protruding toward the exterior finishing layer 4 in the middle, and the recesses are located in the middle and are recessed downward toward the interior finishing layer as shown in fig. 1. Preferably, as shown in fig. 3, the support member 2 is formed with three recesses 21 depressed downward toward the interior finishing layer 1, i.e., as shown in fig. 1, and two protrusions 22 protruded upward toward the exterior finishing layer 4, i.e., as shown in fig. 1, in the middle thereof, one recess 21 is formed between two adjacent protrusions 22 or one protrusion 22 is formed between two adjacent recesses 21, and each recess 21 is filled with one insulating layer 3. That is, the convex portions 22 and the concave portions 21 are arranged alternately. Optionally, the concave surface of the concave portion 21, that is, the lower surface of the concave portion 21 shown in fig. 1 is flush with the lower cavity of the installation cavity or the lower side surface of the structural frame, or the convex bottom of the convex portion 22 is flush with the lower cavity of the installation cavity or the lower side surface of the structural frame, so that the interior finishing layer 1 and the supporting member 2 are tightly attached to each other, the total thickness of the wall body can be effectively reduced, the structural strength of the composite wall body is improved, and the single-point hanging force of the interior finishing layer during interior finishing is improved. The recess of the recess 21 is flush with the convex surface of the projection 22, i.e. the top end surface of the projection 22, and with the upper mouth of the mounting cavity or the upper side of the structural frame. Alternatively, the concave surfaces of the concave and convex portions 21 and 22 are not flat with the upper side of the mounting cavity, i.e. the concave surfaces of the concave and convex portions are both located below the upper opening of the mounting cavity, while the concave surfaces of the concave and convex portions 22 are flat with the lower opening of the mounting cavity. It is also possible that the recesses of the recesses 21 and the convex surfaces of the protrusions 22 are level with the upper mouth of the mounting cavity and the concave surfaces of the recesses and the convex bottoms of the protrusions 22 are not level with the lower mouth of the mounting cavity. Preferably, the concave of the concave portion 21 and the convex of the convex portion 22 are flush with the upper opening of the mounting cavity and the concave of the concave portion and the convex of the convex portion 22 are flush with the lower opening of the mounting cavity.
The projections 22 are formed in a tapered shape in a direction from the outer surface layer 4 toward the inner surface layer 1, that is, in a direction from top to bottom as shown in fig. 1. Preferably, the cross-section of the protrusion 22 is a closed triangle. As shown in fig. 3, the contact between the left side of any one of the convex portions 22 and the bottom of the left concave portion 21 and the contact between the right side of the other convex portion 22 and the bottom of the right concave portion 21 are closely adhered to each other, so that the convex portion has a closed structure. The closed structure can improve the overall structural strength of the supporting member 2 and improve the bearing capacity of the stressed member. Alternatively, the cross-sectional shape of the convex portion 22 may be other shapes such as circular arc, square, and the like.
The insulating layer 3 is preferably made of conventional ALC board (short for Autoclaved Lightweight Concrete) on the market, and has a thickness slightly larger than the recess 21, that is, the insulating layer 3 partially extends out of the recess 21. Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the notch extending from the insulating layer 3 to the recess 21 forms an outer extension, and the outer extension is closely attached to the outer facing layer 4. That is, the total thickness of the composite wallboard is actually the sum of the thicknesses of the inner facing layer 1, the supporting member 2, the ALC board and the outer facing layer 4, the integrity of the wallboard is improved, and meanwhile, the total thickness of the wallboard is effectively reduced. It should be noted here that the thickness of the support member 2 refers to the thickness of the concave bottom of the concave portion 21 or the thickness of the convex surface of the convex portion 22, and does not refer to the thickness from the concave bottom of the concave portion 21 to the convex surface of the convex portion 22. Since the convex surface of the convex portion 22 and the concave portion of the concave portion 21 are located on the same horizontal plane, a space is formed between the convex surface of the convex portion 22 and the upper side surface of the structural frame and the exterior facing layer 4, and a cold and heat bridge blocking layer is filled in the space to prevent the cold and heat bridge effect, that is, the cold and heat bridge blocking layer is located on the outer side of the structural frame. Optionally, the thickness that layer was blocked to cold and hot bridge is unanimous with the thickness of extension portion, that is to say that cold and hot bridge blocks and closely laminates between layer and the exterior finish coat 4, when having improved the joint firmness, has also reduced the whole thickness of baffle. Specifically, the outer facing layer 4 is the thermal insulation mortar coated on the outer surface of the ALC board, and because the thermal insulation layer 3 extends to the outside of the structural frame, when the thermal insulation mortar is coated, part of the thermal insulation mortar can be filled in the gap formed between the convex surface of the structural frame and the convex part 22 and the outer facing layer 4 to form a cold and hot bridge blocking layer, thereby effectively preventing the cold and hot bridge effect of the gap between the outer facing layer 4 and the structural frame and between the outer facing layer 4 and the supporting member 2.
It should be noted that, a plurality of insulating layers 3 of the present embodiment are arranged at intervals, and each insulating layer 3 is filled in one concave portion 21 of the supporting member 2, that is, there is no connection between two adjacent insulating layers 3, so that the insulating layers 3 are convenient to install, and the problem of labor waste in installing large panels is avoided.
In order to ensure the waterproof performance of the composite wall, a waterproof material layer is further added on the outer surface of the heat-insulating layer 3, and is selected from the conventional waterproof interface agents in the existing market, and the detailed description and limitation are omitted. And a waterproof interface agent is arranged between the heat-insulating layer 3 and the outer decorative surface layer 4 to improve the waterproofness of the composite wall body, so that the phenomenon that water permeates into the heat-insulating layer 3 to damage the heat-insulating layer 3 or permeates into an inner wall to influence the use of the whole wall body is avoided. At this time, the total thickness of the wallboard is the sum of the thicknesses of the interior facing layer 1+ the support member 2+ the ALC board + the waterproof interface agent + the exterior facing layer 4. Similarly, the thickness of the support member 2 herein refers to the thickness of the concave bottom of the concave portion 21 or the thickness of the convex surface of the convex portion 22, and does not refer to the thickness from the concave bottom of the concave portion 21 to the convex surface of the convex portion 22.
It should be noted that, the composite wall body of the embodiment is used in areas warm in summer and warm in winter, the building wall body of the existing areas warm in summer and warm in winter generally has no heat insulation layer, most of the building wall bodies adopt single concrete or common building block materials with poor heat insulation performance, the proportion of the building energy consumption generated by wall body heat transfer to the total building energy consumption is large, and the requirements of related energy-saving indexes and regulations cannot be met. The ALC board is filled in the concave part of the support member 2, so that the heat preservation and heat insulation performance of the wallboard is improved, the heat preservation and heat insulation requirements of the building outer wall in hot summer and warm winter can be met, and the thermal performance of the wall body reaches the related energy-saving index. The ALC plate, the support member 2 and the structural framework jointly form a stressed member, and the integrity of the wall body is improved. The inner decorative surface layer 1 and the supporting member 2 act to improve the single-point hanging force of the inner wall surface. In addition, ALC board is filled in the recess 21 of the bracing member 2, the bracing member 2 is located in the installation cavity of the structural frame, the thickness of the wallboard can be greatly reduced, energy conservation and structural integrity are ensured, meanwhile, the occupied space of the wallboard is reduced, the manufacturing cost is lower, and the manufacturing cost of the composite wallboard is about 250 yuan/m2. The cold and hot bridge blocking layer filled in the second filling space between the convex surface of the convex portion 22 and the exterior finish layer 4 and the first filling space between the structural frame and the exterior finish layer 4 is specifically thermal insulation mortar which is a low thermal conductivity material and can effectively block the acoustic bridge and the cold and hot bridge.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the difference from the embodiment 1 is that the composite wall panel of the embodiment is used in cold regions, the cold regions are mainly northern regions of China, the climates are mainly temperate zone monsoon climate and temperate zone continental climate, the winter is cold and dry, and the time span is long. Correspondingly, the outer facing layer 4 is a calcium silicate plate hung outside the heat-insulating layer 3. The calcium silicate board is used as an external decorative material and has waterproof function. The heat insulating layer 3 filled in the recess 21 of the support member 2 is rock wool. The rock wool is used as a heat insulation layer, has good heat insulation performance and simultaneously gives consideration to excellent fireproof performance. Optionally, the thickness of the rock wool is 100mm, and correspondingly, the depth of the concave portion 21 is less than 100mm, that is, the thickness of the installation cavity is less than 100mm, which is not specifically described and limited in detail, for example, the total thickness of the composite wall body, that is, the total thickness of the interior facing layer 1+ the supporting member 2+ the rock wool + the waterproof breathable film + the exterior facing layer 4 is 150 mm. Similarly, the thickness of the support member 2 herein refers to the thickness of the concave bottom of the concave portion 21 or the thickness of the convex surface of the convex portion 22, and does not refer to the thickness from the concave bottom of the concave portion 21 to the convex surface of the convex portion 22.
Meanwhile, in northern areas, the requirements for moisture removal are high in summer heat and rainy days, and in the same rain and heat period. Correspondingly, the waterproof material layer between the heat-insulating layer 3 and the outer facing layer 4 is a waterproof breathable film. The waterproof performance is guaranteed, and meanwhile the air permeability and moisture removal performance of the wallboard is improved.
The cold and heat bridge blocking layers filled in the first filling space between the structural frame and the exterior surface layer 4 and the second filling space between the convex surface of the convex portion 22 and the exterior surface layer 4 are rubber pads. Otherwise, the remaining components were the same as the composite wall panel of example 1.
In the composite wallboard of the embodiment, the supporting member 2 is filled in the installation cavity of the structural frame, so that the supporting member 2 and the structural frame jointly form a stressed member, and the integrity of the wallboard is enhanced. The supporting member 2 and the interior surface layer 1 such as a gypsum board work together to ensure the requirement of single-point hanging force required in the indoor decoration. The rock wool also improves the fireproof performance of the wall body while ensuring the heat preservation and heat insulation performance of the wall body. The waterproof breathable film ensures the waterproof performance of the outer wall and simultaneously ensures the breathable and moisture-removing performance of the outer wall, and meets the requirements of building walls in cold and hot areas.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an assembled composite wall, its characterized in that includes a plurality of compound wall units that splice and form, and arbitrary compound wall unit includes:
an interior finish layer;
the stress member comprises a structural frame with a mounting cavity and a supporting member filled in the structural frame, wherein the supporting member is provided with at least one concave part which is concave towards the direction of the interior finishing layer and at least one convex part which is convex away from the direction of the interior finishing layer;
at least one heat-insulating layer, which is arranged in the concave part in a way of being back to the interior decorative surface layer;
the outer decorative surface layer is arranged on the opposite side of the inner decorative surface layer facing the heat insulation layer;
the distance between the outer surface of the inner decorative surface layer, which is back to the outer decorative surface layer, and the outer surface of the outer decorative surface layer, which is back to the inner decorative surface layer, is the total thickness of the composite wall body, and the total thickness is 150mm-200 mm.
2. The fabricated composite wall of claim 1, wherein the insulation layer portion extends outwardly of the mounting cavity toward the exterior facing layer to form an extension adapted to mate with the exterior facing layer;
the side surface of the stress member facing the outer decoration layer, the side wall of the extension part and the inner surface of the outer decoration layer jointly enclose a first filling interval, and a cold and hot bridge blocking layer is filled in the first filling interval.
3. The fabricated composite wall according to claim 2, wherein the insulation layers comprise at least two insulation layers, a gap is formed between at least two insulation layers, the gap, the inner surface of the exterior finishing layer and the convex surface of the convex portion facing the exterior finishing layer jointly form a second filling gap, and a cold and hot bridge blocking layer is filled in the second filling gap.
4. The fabricated composite wall according to claim 2 or 3, wherein the outer decoration layer is a calcium silicate board, and the cold and hot bridge blocking layer is a rubber pad.
5. The fabricated composite wall according to claim 2 or 3, wherein the outer facing layer is thermal insulation mortar coated on the outer surface of the thermal insulation layer, and the corresponding cold and hot bridge blocking layer is thermal insulation mortar.
6. The fabricated composite wall according to any one of claims 1-5, further comprising a waterproof material layer, wherein the waterproof material layer is tightly attached between the exterior finishing layer and the insulating layer.
7. The fabricated composite wall of any of claims 1-6, wherein the support members are adapted to conform closely to the interior facing layer.
8. The assembled composite wall of any one of claims 1-7, wherein the protrusions are tapered from the exterior facing layer toward the interior facing layer.
9. The fabricated composite wall according to claim 8, wherein the junction of one side edge of each convex portion and the bottom edge of the adjacent concave portion and the junction of the other side edge of each convex portion and the bottom edge of the adjacent concave portion are tightly jointed to make the convex portions form a closed shape.
10. A fabricated composite wall according to any one of claims 1-9, further comprising a decorative coating applied to the outer surface of the inner and/or outer facing layers, respectively.
CN202011040822.4A 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Assembled composite wall Pending CN112031211A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114278004A (en) * 2022-01-14 2022-04-05 中科绿筑(北京)科技有限公司 Low-layer assembled profiled steel sheet light-concrete composite wallboard, connecting structure and construction method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114278004A (en) * 2022-01-14 2022-04-05 中科绿筑(北京)科技有限公司 Low-layer assembled profiled steel sheet light-concrete composite wallboard, connecting structure and construction method

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